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Cecchetto Giovanni - - 2013
Hydranencephaly is a severe congenital condition where most of the cerebral hemispheres are replaced by a membranous sac. Despite the growing amount of case reports, most pathogenic, phenotypic, and prognostic aspects of hydranencephaly remain controversial. By matching the recent literature data with the findings of our own series (four cases: ...
Salsano Ettore - - 2013
Respiratory chain disorders (RCDs) have been included in the differential diagnosis of adult-onset leukodystrophies. Here, we first report a 32-year-old female with an atypical, adult-onset, non-syndromic RCD due to a mitochondrial DNA deletion and manifesting as complicated ataxia. A 'leukodystrophic' pattern was found on brain MRI, but it was neither ...
Chandra Nagesh - - 2013
Posttraumatic herniation of brain and CSF into the eyelid, variously termed as blepharocele, blepharoencephalocele, or encephalocele, is not a common entity, with only a few reported cases in the literature. A 4-year-old girl was seen for gradually increasing left upper eyelid swelling after she had sustained a head injury due ...
Pavone Piero - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hemi-hydranencephaly is a very rare condition characterized by complete or almost nearcomplete unilateral absence of the cortical cortex, which is filled by a sac of cerebrospinal fluid. Prenatal vascular disruption with occlusion of the carotid artery territories ipsilateral to the damaged brain is the presumed pathogenesis. We have selected ...
Mavridis Ioannis N - - 2013
The falx cerebelli is a small crescentic fold of dura mater below the tentorium cerebelli, which projects forward into the posterior cerebellar notch. Its base is directed upwards and attached to the posterior part of the inferior surface of the tentorium cerebelli in the midline; its posterior margin is attached ...
D'apolito A-C - - 2013
AIM: Review of the literature regarding the impact of brain injury on driving skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pubmed and Cochrane publications from 2000 to 2010. RESULTS: Thirty-five articles were selected for this review of literature. Despite an increased risk of accident in this population according to retrospective studies, no methodology ...
Singh Deepak Kumar - - 2013
Cranial meningoceles/encephaloceles are congenital malformations characterised by protrusion of the meninges and/or brain parenchyma because of a skull defect. Meningoceles secondary to an intracranial neoplasm have not been reported in the published literature. We report a unique case of a 42-year-old man who presented with a sudden onset of altered ...
Kaloostian Paul E PE University of New Mexico, Department of Neurosurgery, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2013
Male, 58. Papillary glioneuronal tumor of the pineal gland. Headache • loss of memory • hydrocephalus. - - Oncology • neurology • neurosurgery. Rare disease. The authors report the third case of a rare papillary glioneuronal tumor of the pineal gland and only the second case reported with anaplastic features ...
Spallone Aldo A Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Neurological Centre of Latium 'NCL', Rome, Italy ; Department of Biopathology, Institute of Anatomical Pathology, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, - - 2013
For a long time, head injury has been considered as a possible causative factor for later development of brain tumors. However, the actual role of previous head trauma in the pathogenesis of intracranial tumors is still a matter of debate, also due to the possible medico-legal implications. Some authors have ...
Mollayeva Tatyana - - 2013
Despite strong indications that fatigue is the most common and debilitating symptom after traumatic brain injury, little is known about its frequency, natural history, or relation to other factors. The current protocol outlines a strategy for a systematic review that will identify, assess, and critically appraise studies that assessed predictors ...
Kim Seong Woo SW Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, South - - 2013
Intracranial stab wounds are low-velocity, penetrating injuries to the brain and fatality and outcome significantly depend on route, depth and location of cranial penetration. Due to the effective barrier provided by the adult calvarium, most injuries occur through the orbitae or temporal regions where bony layers are thin. Self-inflicted intracranial ...
Han Zongli - - 2013
To add a further contribution to the literature supporting the relationship between previous head trauma and the development of glioma. We present the first case of pregnancy-related post-traumatic malignant glioma in a 29-year-old female who was admitted because of left sided hemiplegia and epilepsy due to a malignant glial tumor. ...
Sarkar Hrishikesh - - 2013
Gliosarcomas (GS) are high grade, rare tumours. Radiologically they are seen as a surfacing lesion, often having a thick dural attachment located within the parenchyma of the brain. We report a very unusual case of an intraventricular non-parenchyhmal gliosarcoma in a 60-yearold female. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed ...
Kitsos Gemma H GH Stroke Research, Neurology Department, John Hunter Hospital, Hunter New England Local Health District, Locked Bag 1, Hunter Regional Mail Centre, NSW 2310, - - 2013
Objective. Neurological dysfunction commonly occurs in the upper limb contralateral to the hemisphere of the brain in which stroke occurs; however, the impact of stroke on function of the ipsilesional upper limb is not well understood. This study aims to systematically review the literature relating to the function of the ...
Marzullo A - - 2013
We describe a unique case of brain metastases presenting as first symptom of a malignant mesothelioma (MM). MM is a highly aggressive tumor of the serous membrane that is generally believed to be rarely metastasizing. Recently, the reports of long surviving cases and larger literature reviews have suggested that cerebral ...
Starr Philip A - - 2013
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a well established treatment for essential tremor and for the tremor associated with Parkinson's disease. The efficacy of DBS in these common tremors has led some investigators to apply the technique to rarer tremors such as such as Holmes' tremor, posttraumatic tremor, orthostatic tremor, and ...
Sathe Kiran P - - 2013
Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is an uncommon extrapyramidal movement disorder characterized by the progressive incapacitating dystonia. Medical management is often incapable of reversing the dystonic symptoms. In recent years, stereotactic procedure like deep brain stimulation has been found effective in resolving the disabling dystonia and improving the quality of life. ...
Srinivas R - - 2013
Intracerebral schwannomas are rare tumors of the CNS. We report a rare case of intracerebral schwannoma, presenting as a cystic and solid frontoparietal mass, arising in a 16-year-old girl. The patient presented seizures and headache. Neuroradiologic findings showed a left frontoparietal lesion with cystic and tissular components. The tumor was ...
Glassner Stuart - - 2013
Venous thromboembolic event after traumatic brain injury represents a unique clinical challenge. Physicians must balance appropriate timing of chemoprophylaxis with risk of increased cerebral hemorrhage. Despite an increase in the literature since the 1990s, there are clear disparities in treatment strategies. This review discusses the prominent studies and subsequent findings ...
Takeuchi Satoru - - 2013
Remote intracranial hemorrhages after craniotomy or craniectomy may rarely develop. As the sparse literature on this phenomenon has focused on contralateral intraparenchymal and epidural clots, only seven cases of postoperative contralateral acute subdural hematomas have been reported in the literature. We presented two patients who developed contralateral acute subdural hematomas ...
Aydin Sabri - - 2013
A 5-year-old child had a medical history of epilepsy and a newly presented mental retardation with a life-threatening dystonic storm. Neuroimagings showed bilateral calcification of the pallidum. Several treatment modalities were performed, but the symptoms showed no significant improvement. The patient was operated on in order to place a deep ...
Siffredi Vanessa - - 2013
Developmental absence (agenesis) of the corpus callosum (AgCC) is a common brain malformation that presents in isolation or in association with other conditions. Variability in aspects of neuropsychological functioning has been reported in small samples of individuals. This study aimed to systematically review the literature to characterize the profile and ...
Gan Lee Ping LP Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, - - 2013
Intravascular lymphoma is a rare and fatal disease that can have central nervous system (CNS) manifestations. It is usually a diagnosis made postmortem. This is partly due to its varied presentation, which lends itself to the complexity of diagnosis. We report a rare case of intravascular lymphoma in the brain ...
Pérez-Ruiz Elisabeth E Division of Medical Oncology, REDISSEC, Hospital Costa del Sol, Autovía A-7, Km 187, Marbella, C,P, 29603, Spain. - - 2013
Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare neoplasm with few cases reported in the literature of which some were diagnosed in animals. This neoplasm arises from abnormal reticuloendothelial system cell proliferation of histiocytes and has an aggressive behavior especially if located in the central nervous system. We present the first case of ...
Jain S K SK Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur-302004, Rajasthan, - - 2013
Bilateral traumatic basal ganglia haematoma is an extremely rare event in traumatic brain injuries, with only five reported cases. The presumed mechanism is due to shearing forces leading to haemorrhage from the lenticulostriate or anterior choroidal artery. The prognosis appears to be dependent on the extent and severity of underlying ...
Sami Mairaj T - - 2013
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) usually present with headache, hemorrhage, or seizure. Erythropoietin (EPO) has demonstrated protective effects against ischemia within the CNS. The authors report a patient with a cerebral AVM and concurrent polycythemia associated with elevated serum EPO. Systemic EPO levels declined acutely after resection of the patient's AVM, ...
Peters Katherine B - - 2013
Acquired (neurogenic) stuttering is a rare phenomenon seen after cerebral infarction or brain injury. Aetiology of this symptom is unclear, but recent evidence supports that it is a disturbance in the left hemispheric neural network involving the interplay between the cortex and basal ganglia. We present the case of a ...
Altas Murat M Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Antakya, - - 2013
Pituitary abscess is a disorder characterized with central nervous system (CNS) infection, mass effect, and endocrine dysfunction. These abscesses generally occur due to hematogenous spread in conditions such as paranasal sinusitis, sepsis, and where the blood brain barrier breaks down. This paper aims to discuss four cases of preoperatively diagnosed ...
Ali Khalid - - 2013
Isolated enlargement of the fourth ventricle, or 'encysted' fourth ventricle is a rare late complication following shunt insertion of the lateral ventricles for hydrocephalus. Caudal and rostral obstruction of the fourth ventricle and its subsequent dilation results in compression of adjacent cerebellum and brain stem structures; treatment with further shunt ...
Cizmeci M N MN Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Fatih University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Loculated hydrocephalus is a condition in which discrete fluid-filled compartments form in association with the ventricular system of the brain. Multiloculated hydrocephalus is a subgroup of this entity involving more than one segment of the ventricular system. Abnormal descent of the cerebellar components can cause multiloculated hydrocephalus due to various ...
Cavari Yuval - - 2012
We report the case of a 2-year-old Bedouin boy in whom developed severe and unusual complications after being stung, most probably, by the yellow scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus. Five hours after arrival to the emergency department, the boy had multisystem organ failure involving the central nervous system (seizure activity followed ...
Goddard Elizabeth - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The association of anorexia nervosa (AN) with organic brain lesions may offer insight into underlying illness neuropathology. A systematic review reported an association between AN and lesions located in the right frontal lobe. To date, no studies have studied such a case longitudinally. A case of a male presenting ...
Bernardini Francesco P - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To describe a rare case of primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PDLG) presenting with progressive proptosis and direct involvement of the optic nerve sheath in a child and review of the relevant literature. METHODS:: Retrospective review of a single case and systematic literature review of 26 biopsy-proven cases reported in ...
Holland Alice Ann - - 2012
Little is known regarding typical neuropsychological outcomes of intracranial empyema, a rare complication of sinusitis marked by accumulation of purulent material adjacent to the brain. A 15-year-old, right-handed male presented with a 3-day history of congestion, lethargy, fever, headache, dizziness, unequal pupil dilation, and right-sided facial droop. Computed tomography revealed ...
Sankararaman Senthilkumar - - 2012
A brain abscess is uncommon but potentially lethal. Common predisposing risk factors include congenital cyanotic heart disease, immunocompromised status, and the presence of septic foci. We describe a left frontal brain abscess accompanied by fever, headache, and weight loss for a 3-month period. The presumptive source of the brain abscess ...
Zuckerman Scott L - - 2012
Sports-related concussions (SRCs) represent a significant and growing public health concern. The vast majority of SRCs produce mild symptoms that resolve within 1-2 weeks and are not associated with imaging-documented changes. On occasion, however, structural brain injury occurs, and neurosurgical management and intervention is appropriate. A literature review was performed ...
Kjær Inger - - 2012
The present review summarizes two decades of published and unpublished studies on normal and pathological development of sella turcica and pituitary gland in humans. The pathological conditions are studied in known genotype deviations, syndromes, and other malformations. The studies include histological analyses of human prenatal material and profile radiographic analyses ...
Jin Yichao - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Intracranial chondromas are rare benign tumors, which usually originate from skull base synchondrosis. In rarer cases, intracranial chondromas originate from the cerebral parenchyma without meningeal attachment, which is defined as intracerebral chondroma. In this paper, an 18-year-old male patient with intracerebral chondroma is presented. There are only 5 cases ...
Daghighi Mohammad Hossein - - 2012
A patient with a 3-month history of headache refractory to pain medication was admitted. The CT scan and MRI showed evidence of a posterior fossa mass. This was pathologically confirmed as an extra medullary plasmacytoma (EMP). He had a pathologic fracture of the left humerus 7 years ago while the ...
Kourkoumpetis Themistoklis K - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Central nervous system (CNS) aspergillosis is a highly fatal infection. We review the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and outcome of this infection and present a case series of 14 consecutive patients with CNS aspergillosis admitted to Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) from 2000 to 2011. We also review 123 cases reported ...
Kurban Yuksel - - 2012
Abstract Heterotopic brain tissue (HBT) most commonly occurs in the nasal region and it is often referred to as a nasal glioma. Nonnasal locations for ectopic brain tissue are less commonly described. In English literature, only six cases have been reported that share some features (face or neck location) of ...
Li Dongyuan - - 2012
We herein coin the term "remote peritentorial hemorrhage (RPTH)" and present three cases with "RPTH" after supratentorial aneurysmal surgeries, including two with remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH) and one with remote temporobasal hemorrhage. The RCH may result from rupture of the superior cerebellar veins due to excessive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) loss. ...
Sarikaya-Seiwert Sevgi - - 2012
Lower cranial nerve schwannomas are benign tumors of the neurolemmocytes of the cranial nerves. Among children, cranial nerve schwannomas are extremely rare and are predominantly associated with neurofibromatosis (NF) type 2. The purpose of the current case report is to describe a unique giant extra- and intracranial foramen jugular schwannoma ...
Stark Zornitza - - 2012
We describe a fetus with severe osteopetrosis diagnosed on post-mortem radiographs following termination of pregnancy at 29 weeks for major brain malformations detected on ultrasound. SNP microarray confirmed loss of heterozygosity in 5% of the genome, consistent with parental consanguinity. Sequencing of the genes known to cause severe recessive osteopetrosis, ...
Okiror Lawrence - - 2012
Meningiomas are tumours arising from the meninges that ensheath the central nervous system. They are benign tumours, but can very rarely metastasize. We report a case of pulmonary meningioma diagnosed incidentally with concurrent brain masses in an ex-smoker and discuss the difficulties in surgical decision making in a mass that ...
Khosla Divya - - 2012
Astroblastoma is a rare glial tumor with uncertain histopathological origin and unpredictable clinical behavior. We present a case of an 11-year-old girl who presented with headache and blurring of vision for 2 months. A well-demarcated mass was found in the right frontoparietal lobe on a brain MRI. The patient was ...
Levine Harold R - - 2012
This case study highlights the extracranial and intracranial manifestations of severe otomastoiditis. A 35-year-old man presented with numerous symptoms, including ear and neck pain, headache, temporary vision loss, fever, malaise, and nausea and vomiting. Imaging studies led to the diagnosis of coalescent mastoiditis with septic dural sinus thrombosis, venous hemorrhagic ...
Elgamal Essam A - - 2012
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is a relatively safe procedure. However, postoperative acute respiratory failure may be fatal. The authors report an 8-month-old patient with obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to posterior fossa cyst, and Chiari malformation. After ETV he developed difficulty in breathing, and had to be reintubated and ventilated. The infant ...
Salek M A A - - 2012
Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) is an effective and important treatment modality in the management of brain metastases. The short-term complication rate is low and the tumour control rate high. Complications caused by acute radiation-induced oedema are rare and usually benign. In this article, two cases of lethal haemorrhagic event immediately ...
Goyal Nishant - - 2012
Both occipital encephalocele and teratomas are midline congenital malformations. Encephalocele is a form of neural tube defect in which there is a congenital defect of the cranium through which occurs a protrusion of brain matter or meninges, while teratoma is a tumor derived from all three germ layers. The association ...
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