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Mortazavi M M - - 2013
The cerebral ventricles have been recognized since ancient medical history. Their true function started to be realized more than a thousand years later. Their anatomy and function are extremely important in the neurosurgical panorama. The literature was searched for articles and textbooks of different topics related to the history, anatomy, ...
Li Binhua - - 2013
Multiple primary neoplasms are defined as multiple occurrences of malignant neoplasms of differing histological origin in the same individual. The present study describes the case of a 46-year-old male who suffered from two synchronous primary malignant neoplasms, an osteoclastoma of the left femoral trochanter and an anaplastic astrocytoma of the ...
Guo Jianyi - - 2013
Choriocarcinomas generally develop in females. Non-gestational choriocarcinoma in males is extremely rare. The present study describes two cases of young males who were diagnosed with intracranial choriocarcinoma. One case was of an aggressive choriocarcinoma with multiple metastases to the brain, but with an unidentified origin. The patient was admitted in ...
Owolabi Lf L Department of Medicine, Neurology Unit, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, - - 2013
Because of its increasingly recognized clinical diversity, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) may be difficult to diagnose, particularly in resource-poor settings where the means of getting supportive tests is a huge challenge. This often results in underdiagnosis or misdiagnosis of PSP, most commonly as Parkinson's disease. The author reported a case ...
Cooper J J JJ Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, - - 2014
Canine necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME) is a fatal, noninfectious inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. NME has been reported only in a small number of dog breeds, which has led to the presumption that it is a breed-restricted disorder. Our objective was to describe histopathologically confirmed NME in dog breeds in which ...
Mir Fatima - - 2013
Fungal cerebral abscesses are rare and usually seen in immunocompromised individuals. We report a case and review published literature of Madurella mycetomatis as an agent of cerebral abscess. We found contiguous head and neck infections to be the principal cause of cerebral maduromycosis caused by M. mycetomatis. Early recognition of ...
Pape Theresa L-B - - 2013
To synthesize evidence and report findings from a systematic search and descriptive analysis of peer-reviewed published evidence of the accuracy of tests used for diagnosing mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The article also summarizes points of concurrence and divergence regarding case definitions of mTBI identified during the review. TYPE: Systematic ...
Stevens David C - - 2013
The case presented herein is of an 8-year-old female with nine large brain abscesses of unknown etiology. One lesion was excised by craniotomy. Two days later, in view of impending brain herniation, the remaining eight abscesses were treated on an urgent basis by stereotactic aspiration. Immediate postoperative CT showed total ...
Jaiswal Manish M Department of Neurosurgery, SMS Medical College and Hospital, JLN Marg, Jaipur, Rajasthan, - - 2013
Orbital roof fractures after a blunt injury are an uncommon complication of trauma. Traumatic encephaloceles in the orbital cavity are even rarer, with only 15 cases published till date. Raised intraorbital pressure leading to irreversible damage to the optic nerve can be prevented by early diagnosis and management. Orbital computed ...
Patel Akash J - - 2013
X-linked dystonia parkinsonism (XDP) is a progressively debilitating movement disorder that begins with focal dystonia and eventually generalizes. It exclusively affects Filipino inhabitants of the island of Panay. We sought to report a case of XDP successfully treated by DBS and review the literature. We present the case of a ...
Segal Nili - - 2013
Fossa navicularis magna is a congenital anomaly representing persistent dehiscence of the basiocciput. This tract from the nasopharynx to the brain is common and carries a potential risk for infection. Nevertheless reports on such dissemination are very rare. We present a child with brain infection via a fossa navicularis magna, ...
Kaufmann Paul M - - 2013
Clinical neuropsychologists engage increasingly in forensic consulting activities because such expert opinions are generally relevant, reliable and helpful in resolving certain legal claims, especially those related to traumatic brain injury. Consequently, practitioners of law, medicine and psychology would benefit from understanding the nature of neuropsychological evidence, the standards for its ...
Bakker Kathleen - - 2013
The neuropsychological outcomes of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) have received increasing study over the past 20 years and are now well delineated in the research literature. One outcome that has received little attention is that of olfactory dysfunction following pediatric TBI. This is despite adult literature indicating that anosmia ...
Chen Shu-Mei - - 2013
Intracranial osteomas are uncommon lesions that usually arise from the inner table of the cranium. There are few reports in the literature of intracranial osteomas with meninges attachment and without direct relation with the skull bone; these osteomas were mostly attached with dura. We report a rare osteoma with falx ...
de Amorim Robson Luis Oliveira - - 2013
Traumatic posterior fossa subdural hematomas (SDHs) are rare lesions. Despite improvements in intensive care and surgical management of traumatic brain injuries over the last decades, the outcome for posterior fossa subdural hematomas remains poor. We conduct a retrospective study over a 2-year period of patients sustaining traumatic brain injury and ...
Lummus Seth - - 2013
Ventriculitis or periventriculitis as a predominant pattern of tissue involvement in cerebral toxoplasmosis was always a rare event, even at the height of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) era. Ventriculitis on premortem neuroimaging or at autopsy in AIDS patients chiefly led to differential diagnoses of primary central nervous system lymphoma ...
Dimple Jain - - 2013
Introduction: There are numerous causes for intracranial calcification in children. We describe an unusual cause of intracranial calcification in a child, namely, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI). Case Report: A 12-year-old boy presented with seizures and developmental delay. MRI of the brain revealed intracranial calcification. Evaluation showed findings suggestive of NDI. ...
Takanen Silvia - - 2013
Extracranial metastases from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are a very rare event, even if an increasing incidence has been documented. We report the case of a young woman with primary GBM who developed bone metastases without local brain relapse. Because of persistent headache and visual disturbances, in March 2011 the patient ...
Park So-Youn SY Department of Infectious Diseases, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Brain abscesses can be highly lethal if appropriate treatment is not administered, and reports of such an abscess caused by Enterococcus avium are very rare. Here,we report a case of a 48-year-old man presenting with chronic otitis media. He initially presented with a headache and right otalgia. An otoscopic evaluation ...
Duransoy Yusuf Kurtulu┼č YK Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, - - 2013
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection affecting the brain in about 2% of the cases. Brain involvement is most commonly observed in children. Here, we report a 13-year-old male patient who presented with headache, nausea, and vomiting. Before cranial computed tomography (CT) was performed, the patient had generalized epileptic seizures. ...
Kim Jin Kyu JK Department of Neurosurgery, Sanggye-Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma (SCEDH) is a rare disease, but can cause severe neurologic impairment. We report a case of a 68-year-old female who presented with sudden onset, posterior neck pain, right shoulder pain, and progressive right hemiparesis mimicking stroke with no trauma history. Initial brain CT and diffusion MRI ...
Vaidya Ashima - - 2013
Cysticercosis is a common problem world wide. However, disseminated cysticercosis is rare. Still rarer is asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis. We are reporting here a rare case of asymptomatic disseminated cysticercosis which involved brain, face, orbit, lungs, heart, pancreas and spleen in a young Nigerian male, who sought medical attention for dysphagia ...
Kim Hyeun Sook - - 2013
Intracranial calcifications are relatively common computed tomographic findings in the field of neurosurgery, and cysticercosis, tuberculosis, HIV, and cryptococcus are acquired intracranial infections typically associated with calcifications. However, intracranial calcification caused by a bacterial brain abscess is rare. Here, we present a rare case of intracranial calcification caused by a ...
Kim Seong Woo - - 2013
Abstract Background: Intracranial stab wounds are low-velocity, penetrating injuries to the brain and fatality and outcome significantly depend on route, depth and location of cranial penetration. Due to the effective barrier provided by the adult calvarium, most injuries occur through the orbitae or temporal regions where bony layers are thin. ...
Satyarthee Guru Dutta - - 2013
Subdural effusion in an infant is a rare clinical scenario which may be secondary to a variety of etiologies. Massive subdural effusion is an extremely rare complication of head injury. Authors report a rare case of progressive massive subdural effusion which, despite bilateral bur-hole placement and drainage, failed and presented ...
Noujeim Carlos - - 2013
Brain death is the total loss of all brain and brain stem functions, and its diagnosis is often confirmed by an apnoea test, which relies on disconnecting the patient from the ventilator. Auto-triggering or auto-cycling is defined as a ventilator being triggered in the absence of patient effort, intrinsic respiratory ...
Chen Shao-Ching - - 2013
Rhabdoid glioblastoma is a rare type of recently described malignant brain tumor. It is characterized by a glioblastoma associated with rhabdoid components. Here we report two cases of rhabdoid glioblastoma and a brief literature review. The first patient was a 19-year-old boy who initially presented with a foul-smelling odor and ...
Favoni Valentina - - 2013
Short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache with cranial autonomic symptoms (SUNA) are primary headache syndromes. A growing body of literature has focused on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of neurovascular compression in these syndromes. The objective of this article ...
Khalil Asma - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Studies have demonstrated an association between congenital heart disease (CHD) and neurodevelopmental delay. Neuroimaging studies have also demonstrated a high incidence of preoperative brain abnormalities. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review in order to quantify the non-surgical risk of brain abnormalities and of neurodevelopmental ...
Feeney James M - - 2013
Mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) due to anoxic brain injury after cardiac arrest has been well studied, and is widely accepted as useful in the treatment of anoxic brain injury after cardiac arrest. However, MTH as treatment for other causes of anoxia, including ischemic stroke, traumatic braininjury, drowning, andcardiac arrest due ...
Troche Michelle S - - 2013
The purpose of this review is to assess the current state of the literature on the topic of deep brain stimulation (DBS) and its effects on swallowing function in Parkinson's disease (PD). Pubmed, Cochrane review, and web of science searches were completed on all articles addressing DBS that contained a ...
Riezzo Irene - - 2013
Sudden death from an undiagnosed primary intracranial neoplasm is an exceptionally rare event, with reported frequencies in the range of 0.02% to 2.1% in medico-legal autopsy series and only 12% of all cases of sudden, unexpected death due to primary intracranial tumors are due to glioblastomas. We present three cases ...
Koti Kalyan - - 2013
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare sporadic neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by presence of central nervous system, ocular and cutaneous anomalies. The exact pathogenesis is still not known. We present the third case from the Indian subcontinent, who is a five year old girl with history of right sided seizures. Dermatological ...
Li Chia-Wen - - 2013
We reported a fatal case of brain abscess caused by Acrophialophora fusispora in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Identification of the fungus was based on microscopic morphology and sequence analyses of the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) and 2 (ITS2) of ribosomal RNA gene from the isolate recovered from ...
Munarriz Pablo M - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, characterized by focal neurological dysfunction with a relapsing and remitting course. Tumor-like presentation of MS (or "tumefactive"/"pseudotumoral" presentation) has been described before with a certain frequency; it consists of a large single plaque (>2cm) with presence of edema ...
Gaha Mehdi - - 2013
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) is a rare Epstein-Barr virus-associated systemic angiocentric, angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disorder that commonly involves the lungs and skin. Central nervous system (CNS) LYG accounts for approximately 30% of all LYG cases. Spinal cord lesions have been reported in only a few cases. This report is of a case ...
Uduma Felix Uduma - - 2013
Childhood cerebral hemiatrophy is an uncommon clinical entity. Its aetiologies are diverse but can generally be grouped into congenital and acquired. The congenital type is intrauterine in origin while the acquired type occurs early in life, usually before two year of life. When childhood cerebral hemiatrophy occurs, it evokes a ...
Preslar Jessica - - 2013
A number of recent investigators have hypothesised a link between autism, left-handedness, and brain laterality. Their findings have varied widely, in part because these studies have relied on different methodologies and definitions. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the literature, with the hypothesis that there would be ...
Jain S K - - 2013
Background: Bilateral traumatic basal ganglia haematoma is an extremely rare event in traumatic brain injuries, with only five reported cases. The presumed mechanism is due to shearing forces leading to haemorrhage from the lenticulostriate or anterior choroidal artery. The prognosis appears to be dependent on the extent and severity of ...
Mortazavi Martin M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The intracranial bridging veins are pathways crucial for venous drainage of the brain. They are not only involved in pathological conditions but also serve as important landmarks within neurological surgery. METHODS: The medical literature on bridging veins was reviewed in regard to their historical aspects, embryology, histology, anatomy, and ...
Cheng Fu-Bo - - 2013
Leukoencephalopathy with brainstem and spinal cord involvement and lactate elevation (LBSL) is a recently described disorder with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. We report a case of rare adult-onset LBSL with typical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. The DARS2 gene mutation analysis has identified a c. 228-20_21delTTinsC (p.R76SfsX5) mutation ...
Harish Varun - - 2013
Cutis verticis gyrata (CVG) is an uncommon morphological condition of the scalp characterised by ridges and furrows resembling the surface of the brain. We present a case of secondary CVG affecting both the glabella and nasal aesthetic unit. To our knowledge, isolated CVG of the glabella has never been reported ...
Ismail F Y - - 2013
SUMMARY:The complex interplay between hypernatremic osmotic disturbances and cerebral lesions is yet to be clarified. In this review, we discuss, on the basis of the reported data of hypernatremic CNS challenge in the adult population, the clinical and radiologic features of the condition. Our search captured 20 case studies and ...
Kim Jong Kyu - - 2013
Burr hole drainage has been widely used to treat chronic subdural hematomas (SDH), and most of them are easily treated by simple trephination and drainage. However, various complications, such as, hematoma recurrence, infection, seizure, cerebral edema, tension pneumocephalus and failure of the brain to expand due to cerebro-cranial disproportion may ...
Cecchetto Giovanni - - 2013
Hydranencephaly is a severe congenital condition where most of the cerebral hemispheres are replaced by a membranous sac. Despite the growing amount of case reports, most pathogenic, phenotypic, and prognostic aspects of hydranencephaly remain controversial. By matching the recent literature data with the findings of our own series (four cases: ...
Fundarò C - - 2013
Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), otherwise called De Morsier syndrome, is a developmental anomaly of mid-line brain structures and includes optic nerve hypoplasia, absence of the septum pellucidum and hypothalamo-pituitary abnormalities). In literature an association between optic nerve hypoplasia and neonatal cholestasis is described. We report the case of a female infant ...
Salsano Ettore - - 2013
Respiratory chain disorders (RCDs) have been included in the differential diagnosis of adult-onset leukodystrophies. Here, we first report a 32-year-old female with an atypical, adult-onset, non-syndromic RCD due to a mitochondrial DNA deletion and manifesting as complicated ataxia. A 'leukodystrophic' pattern was found on brain MRI, but it was neither ...
Chandra Nagesh - - 2013
Posttraumatic herniation of brain and CSF into the eyelid, variously termed as blepharocele, blepharoencephalocele, or encephalocele, is not a common entity, with only a few reported cases in the literature. A 4-year-old girl was seen for gradually increasing left upper eyelid swelling after she had sustained a head injury due ...
Pavone Piero - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hemi-hydranencephaly is a very rare condition characterized by complete or almost nearcomplete unilateral absence of the cortical cortex, which is filled by a sac of cerebrospinal fluid. Prenatal vascular disruption with occlusion of the carotid artery territories ipsilateral to the damaged brain is the presumed pathogenesis. We have selected ...
Mavridis Ioannis N - - 2013
The falx cerebelli is a small crescentic fold of dura mater below the tentorium cerebelli, which projects forward into the posterior cerebellar notch. Its base is directed upwards and attached to the posterior part of the inferior surface of the tentorium cerebelli in the midline; its posterior margin is attached ...
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