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Feeney James M - - 2013
Mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) due to anoxic brain injury after cardiac arrest has been well studied, and is widely accepted as useful in the treatment of anoxic brain injury after cardiac arrest. However, MTH as treatment for other causes of anoxia, including ischemic stroke, traumatic braininjury, drowning, andcardiac arrest due ...
Troche Michelle S - - 2013
The purpose of this review is to assess the current state of the literature on the topic of deep brain stimulation (DBS) and its effects on swallowing function in Parkinson's disease (PD). Pubmed, Cochrane review, and web of science searches were completed on all articles addressing DBS that contained a ...
Riezzo Irene - - 2013
Sudden death from an undiagnosed primary intracranial neoplasm is an exceptionally rare event, with reported frequencies in the range of 0.02% to 2.1% in medico-legal autopsy series and only 12% of all cases of sudden, unexpected death due to primary intracranial tumors are due to glioblastomas. We present three cases ...
Koti Kalyan - - 2013
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare sporadic neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by presence of central nervous system, ocular and cutaneous anomalies. The exact pathogenesis is still not known. We present the third case from the Indian subcontinent, who is a five year old girl with history of right sided seizures. Dermatological ...
Li Chia-Wen - - 2013
We reported a fatal case of brain abscess caused by Acrophialophora fusispora in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Identification of the fungus was based on microscopic morphology and sequence analyses of the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) and 2 (ITS2) of ribosomal RNA gene from the isolate recovered from ...
Munarriz Pablo M - - 2013
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, characterized by focal neurological dysfunction with a relapsing and remitting course. Tumor-like presentation of MS (or "tumefactive"/"pseudotumoral" presentation) has been described before with a certain frequency; it consists of a large single plaque (>2cm) with presence of edema ...
Gaha Mehdi - - 2013
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) is a rare Epstein-Barr virus-associated systemic angiocentric, angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disorder that commonly involves the lungs and skin. Central nervous system (CNS) LYG accounts for approximately 30% of all LYG cases. Spinal cord lesions have been reported in only a few cases. This report is of a case ...
Uduma Felix Uduma - - 2013
Childhood cerebral hemiatrophy is an uncommon clinical entity. Its aetiologies are diverse but can generally be grouped into congenital and acquired. The congenital type is intrauterine in origin while the acquired type occurs early in life, usually before two year of life. When childhood cerebral hemiatrophy occurs, it evokes a ...
Preslar Jessica - - 2013
A number of recent investigators have hypothesised a link between autism, left-handedness, and brain laterality. Their findings have varied widely, in part because these studies have relied on different methodologies and definitions. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the literature, with the hypothesis that there would be ...
Jain S K - - 2013
Background: Bilateral traumatic basal ganglia haematoma is an extremely rare event in traumatic brain injuries, with only five reported cases. The presumed mechanism is due to shearing forces leading to haemorrhage from the lenticulostriate or anterior choroidal artery. The prognosis appears to be dependent on the extent and severity of ...
Mortazavi Martin M - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The intracranial bridging veins are pathways crucial for venous drainage of the brain. They are not only involved in pathological conditions but also serve as important landmarks within neurological surgery. METHODS: The medical literature on bridging veins was reviewed in regard to their historical aspects, embryology, histology, anatomy, and ...
Cheng Fu-Bo - - 2013
Leukoencephalopathy with brainstem and spinal cord involvement and lactate elevation (LBSL) is a recently described disorder with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. We report a case of rare adult-onset LBSL with typical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. The DARS2 gene mutation analysis has identified a c. 228-20_21delTTinsC (p.R76SfsX5) mutation ...
Harish Varun - - 2013
Cutis verticis gyrata (CVG) is an uncommon morphological condition of the scalp characterised by ridges and furrows resembling the surface of the brain. We present a case of secondary CVG affecting both the glabella and nasal aesthetic unit. To our knowledge, isolated CVG of the glabella has never been reported ...
Ismail F Y - - 2013
SUMMARY:The complex interplay between hypernatremic osmotic disturbances and cerebral lesions is yet to be clarified. In this review, we discuss, on the basis of the reported data of hypernatremic CNS challenge in the adult population, the clinical and radiologic features of the condition. Our search captured 20 case studies and ...
Kim Jong Kyu - - 2013
Burr hole drainage has been widely used to treat chronic subdural hematomas (SDH), and most of them are easily treated by simple trephination and drainage. However, various complications, such as, hematoma recurrence, infection, seizure, cerebral edema, tension pneumocephalus and failure of the brain to expand due to cerebro-cranial disproportion may ...
Cecchetto Giovanni - - 2013
Hydranencephaly is a severe congenital condition where most of the cerebral hemispheres are replaced by a membranous sac. Despite the growing amount of case reports, most pathogenic, phenotypic, and prognostic aspects of hydranencephaly remain controversial. By matching the recent literature data with the findings of our own series (four cases: ...
Fundarò C - - 2013
Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD), otherwise called De Morsier syndrome, is a developmental anomaly of mid-line brain structures and includes optic nerve hypoplasia, absence of the septum pellucidum and hypothalamo-pituitary abnormalities). In literature an association between optic nerve hypoplasia and neonatal cholestasis is described. We report the case of a female infant ...
Salsano Ettore - - 2013
Respiratory chain disorders (RCDs) have been included in the differential diagnosis of adult-onset leukodystrophies. Here, we first report a 32-year-old female with an atypical, adult-onset, non-syndromic RCD due to a mitochondrial DNA deletion and manifesting as complicated ataxia. A 'leukodystrophic' pattern was found on brain MRI, but it was neither ...
Chandra Nagesh - - 2013
Posttraumatic herniation of brain and CSF into the eyelid, variously termed as blepharocele, blepharoencephalocele, or encephalocele, is not a common entity, with only a few reported cases in the literature. A 4-year-old girl was seen for gradually increasing left upper eyelid swelling after she had sustained a head injury due ...
Pavone Piero - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Hemi-hydranencephaly is a very rare condition characterized by complete or almost nearcomplete unilateral absence of the cortical cortex, which is filled by a sac of cerebrospinal fluid. Prenatal vascular disruption with occlusion of the carotid artery territories ipsilateral to the damaged brain is the presumed pathogenesis. We have selected ...
Mavridis Ioannis N - - 2013
The falx cerebelli is a small crescentic fold of dura mater below the tentorium cerebelli, which projects forward into the posterior cerebellar notch. Its base is directed upwards and attached to the posterior part of the inferior surface of the tentorium cerebelli in the midline; its posterior margin is attached ...
D'apolito A-C - - 2013
AIM: Review of the literature regarding the impact of brain injury on driving skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pubmed and Cochrane publications from 2000 to 2010. RESULTS: Thirty-five articles were selected for this review of literature. Despite an increased risk of accident in this population according to retrospective studies, no methodology ...
Ali Khalid - - 2013
Isolated enlargement of the fourth ventricle, or 'encysted' fourth ventricle is a rare late complication following shunt insertion of the lateral ventricles for hydrocephalus. Caudal and rostral obstruction of the fourth ventricle and its subsequent dilation results in compression of adjacent cerebellum and brain stem structures; treatment with further shunt ...
Aydin Sabri - - 2013
A 5-year-old child had a medical history of epilepsy and a newly presented mental retardation with a life-threatening dystonic storm. Neuroimagings showed bilateral calcification of the pallidum. Several treatment modalities were performed, but the symptoms showed no significant improvement. The patient was operated on in order to place a deep ...
Siffredi Vanessa - - 2013
Developmental absence (agenesis) of the corpus callosum (AgCC) is a common brain malformation that presents in isolation or in association with other conditions. Variability in aspects of neuropsychological functioning has been reported in small samples of individuals. This study aimed to systematically review the literature to characterize the profile and ...
Takeuchi Satoru - - 2013
Remote intracranial hemorrhages after craniotomy or craniectomy may rarely develop. As the sparse literature on this phenomenon has focused on contralateral intraparenchymal and epidural clots, only seven cases of postoperative contralateral acute subdural hematomas have been reported in the literature. We presented two patients who developed contralateral acute subdural hematomas ...
Singh Deepak Kumar - - 2013
Cranial meningoceles/encephaloceles are congenital malformations characterised by protrusion of the meninges and/or brain parenchyma because of a skull defect. Meningoceles secondary to an intracranial neoplasm have not been reported in the published literature. We report a unique case of a 42-year-old man who presented with a sudden onset of altered ...
Pérez-Ruiz Elisabeth - - 2013
Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare neoplasm with few cases reported in the literature of which some were diagnosed in animals. This neoplasm arises from abnormal reticuloendothelial system cell proliferation of histiocytes and has an aggressive behavior especially if located in the central nervous system. We present the first case of ...
Sarkar Hrishikesh - - 2013
Gliosarcomas (GS) are high grade, rare tumours. Radiologically they are seen as a surfacing lesion, often having a thick dural attachment located within the parenchyma of the brain. We report a very unusual case of an intraventricular non-parenchyhmal gliosarcoma in a 60-yearold female. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed ...
Sathe Kiran P - - 2013
Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is an uncommon extrapyramidal movement disorder characterized by the progressive incapacitating dystonia. Medical management is often incapable of reversing the dystonic symptoms. In recent years, stereotactic procedure like deep brain stimulation has been found effective in resolving the disabling dystonia and improving the quality of life. ...
Mollayeva Tatyana - - 2013
Despite strong indications that fatigue is the most common and debilitating symptom after traumatic brain injury, little is known about its frequency, natural history, or relation to other factors. The current protocol outlines a strategy for a systematic review that will identify, assess, and critically appraise studies that assessed predictors ...
Glassner Stuart - - 2013
Venous thromboembolic event after traumatic brain injury represents a unique clinical challenge. Physicians must balance appropriate timing of chemoprophylaxis with risk of increased cerebral hemorrhage. Despite an increase in the literature since the 1990s, there are clear disparities in treatment strategies. This review discusses the prominent studies and subsequent findings ...
Han Zongli - - 2013
To add a further contribution to the literature supporting the relationship between previous head trauma and the development of glioma. We present the first case of pregnancy-related post-traumatic malignant glioma in a 29-year-old female who was admitted because of left sided hemiplegia and epilepsy due to a malignant glial tumor. ...
Marzullo A - - 2013
We describe a unique case of brain metastases presenting as first symptom of a malignant mesothelioma (MM). MM is a highly aggressive tumor of the serous membrane that is generally believed to be rarely metastasizing. Recently, the reports of long surviving cases and larger literature reviews have suggested that cerebral ...
Altas Murat - - 2013
Pituitary abscess is a disorder characterized with central nervous system (CNS) infection, mass effect, and endocrine dysfunction. These abscesses generally occur due to hematogenous spread in conditions such as paranasal sinusitis, sepsis, and where the blood brain barrier breaks down. This paper aims to discuss four cases of preoperatively diagnosed ...
Starr Philip A - - 2013
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a well established treatment for essential tremor and for the tremor associated with Parkinson's disease. The efficacy of DBS in these common tremors has led some investigators to apply the technique to rarer tremors such as such as Holmes' tremor, posttraumatic tremor, orthostatic tremor, and ...
Sami Mairaj T - - 2013
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) usually present with headache, hemorrhage, or seizure. Erythropoietin (EPO) has demonstrated protective effects against ischemia within the CNS. The authors report a patient with a cerebral AVM and concurrent polycythemia associated with elevated serum EPO. Systemic EPO levels declined acutely after resection of the patient's AVM, ...
Kaloostian Paul E - - 2013
Male, 58. Papillary glioneuronal tumor of the pineal gland. Headache • loss of memory • hydrocephalus. - - Oncology • neurology • neurosurgery. Rare disease. The authors report the third case of a rare papillary glioneuronal tumor of the pineal gland and only the second case reported with anaplastic features ...
Srinivas R - - 2013
Intracerebral schwannomas are rare tumors of the CNS. We report a rare case of intracerebral schwannoma, presenting as a cystic and solid frontoparietal mass, arising in a 16-year-old girl. The patient presented seizures and headache. Neuroradiologic findings showed a left frontoparietal lesion with cystic and tissular components. The tumor was ...
Peters Katherine B - - 2013
Acquired (neurogenic) stuttering is a rare phenomenon seen after cerebral infarction or brain injury. Aetiology of this symptom is unclear, but recent evidence supports that it is a disturbance in the left hemispheric neural network involving the interplay between the cortex and basal ganglia. We present the case of a ...
Cizmeci M N MN Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Fatih University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Loculated hydrocephalus is a condition in which discrete fluid-filled compartments form in association with the ventricular system of the brain. Multiloculated hydrocephalus is a subgroup of this entity involving more than one segment of the ventricular system. Abnormal descent of the cerebellar components can cause multiloculated hydrocephalus due to various ...
Kitsos Gemma H GH Stroke Research, Neurology Department, John Hunter Hospital, Hunter New England Local Health District, Locked Bag 1, Hunter Regional Mail Centre, NSW 2310, - - 2013
Objective. Neurological dysfunction commonly occurs in the upper limb contralateral to the hemisphere of the brain in which stroke occurs; however, the impact of stroke on function of the ipsilesional upper limb is not well understood. This study aims to systematically review the literature relating to the function of the ...
Gan Lee Ping LP Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, - - 2013
Intravascular lymphoma is a rare and fatal disease that can have central nervous system (CNS) manifestations. It is usually a diagnosis made postmortem. This is partly due to its varied presentation, which lends itself to the complexity of diagnosis. We report a rare case of intravascular lymphoma in the brain ...
Spallone Aldo A Section of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Neurological Centre of Latium 'NCL', Rome, Italy ; Department of Biopathology, Institute of Anatomical Pathology, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Rome, - - 2013
For a long time, head injury has been considered as a possible causative factor for later development of brain tumors. However, the actual role of previous head trauma in the pathogenesis of intracranial tumors is still a matter of debate, also due to the possible medico-legal implications. Some authors have ...
Cavari Yuval - - 2012
We report the case of a 2-year-old Bedouin boy in whom developed severe and unusual complications after being stung, most probably, by the yellow scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus. Five hours after arrival to the emergency department, the boy had multisystem organ failure involving the central nervous system (seizure activity followed ...
Goddard Elizabeth - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The association of anorexia nervosa (AN) with organic brain lesions may offer insight into underlying illness neuropathology. A systematic review reported an association between AN and lesions located in the right frontal lobe. To date, no studies have studied such a case longitudinally. A case of a male presenting ...
Bernardini Francesco P - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To describe a rare case of primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PDLG) presenting with progressive proptosis and direct involvement of the optic nerve sheath in a child and review of the relevant literature. METHODS:: Retrospective review of a single case and systematic literature review of 26 biopsy-proven cases reported in ...
Holland Alice Ann - - 2012
Little is known regarding typical neuropsychological outcomes of intracranial empyema, a rare complication of sinusitis marked by accumulation of purulent material adjacent to the brain. A 15-year-old, right-handed male presented with a 3-day history of congestion, lethargy, fever, headache, dizziness, unequal pupil dilation, and right-sided facial droop. Computed tomography revealed ...
Sankararaman Senthilkumar - - 2012
A brain abscess is uncommon but potentially lethal. Common predisposing risk factors include congenital cyanotic heart disease, immunocompromised status, and the presence of septic foci. We describe a left frontal brain abscess accompanied by fever, headache, and weight loss for a 3-month period. The presumptive source of the brain abscess ...
Wielenga-Boiten Janet E - - 2012
Akathisia is reported to be one of the most common and disabling side effects of antipsychotics and other drugs. Akathisia is also a rare cause of psychomotor agitation in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this clinical note, we describe a case report of akathisia in a 34-year-old woman ...
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