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Results 401 - 450 of 609
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de Meester A - - 1995
Radiofrequency catheter ablation seems to become a first-line therapy for patients with paroxysmal tachycardias using an accessory pathway. We report the case of a 31-year-old woman who suffered from drug-resistant recurrent reciprocating tachycardia, using an uncommon accessory pathway. The 12-lead electrocardiogram in sinus rhythm showed the following characteristics: a positive ...
Tanwar R K - - 1995
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours of orbit is rare entity. Only sixteen cases are reported in world literature. Bengin schwannomas of the orbit are found in 1.5 to 18 percent of patients with von Recklinghausen's disease (VRD) and form 1 percent of all orbital tumours1. The incidence of malignant transformation ...
Vinas F C - - 1994
Sinus pericranii is a rare circumscribed fluctuating vascular swelling of the scalp that communicates with the intracranial venous system. It has been associated with other intracranial vascular malformations. The tumour is usually round, fluctuant, nonpulsatile, and disappears with compression. Its size increases during manoeuvers that increase the intracranial pressure. Approximately ...
Trout T - - 1994
Orbital imaging is not performed routinely during obstetrical sonography, but the discovery of abnormal orbital diameters provides evidence of fetal dysgenesis. This study was designed to establish the validity of a previously developed orbital nomogram for a high-risk population and to determine whether proved cases of hypotelorism and hypertelorism fell ...
Munro N C - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence of neurological complications occurring after carotid sinus massage performed for diagnostic purposes. DESIGN: Case review and comparison with previously published work. SETTING: Syncope Clinic, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing investigation of dizziness, syncope, or unexplained falls. METHODS: ...
Banerji D - - 1994
Primary intraosseous orbital hemangiomas are rare tumors. Only 25 cases have been reported in the literature. Very few of them have multiple orbital bone involvement. We report a case with extensive involvement of the orbital roof, the medial and lateral walls of the orbit, and the lesser and greater wings ...
Bardenstein D S - - 1994
Orbital swelling in patients with cancer can reflect neoplastic or infectious processes. Accurate diagnosis can be especially difficult in the face of associated fever and neutropenia. We treated a 30-year-old man undergoing induction chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia, who had fever of unknown origin and periorbital swelling suggestive of orbital ...
Mills R P - - 1994
Sinus radiographs have been carried out on 240 new cases of childhood otitis media with effusion (OME). When the films were suggestive of infection, maxillary sinus washouts were carried out as part of the surgical treatment. Abnormal X-rays were obtained in 28 per cent of the study group, but only ...
Gregor R T - - 1994
Myxomas of the paranasal sinuses are rare but well described in the literature. They may be related to dental malformations or missing teeth, but may also occur without any such abnormalities. Their local aggressiveness and ability to erode bone should not be underestimated, and they should be totally removed whenever ...
Patnaik K - - 1994
Rhinosporidiosis is a very common disease endemic in India, Ceylon, East Africa and part of America. Extremely rare in Europe. Nose, naso-pharynx, nasal sinuses, larynx are the common sites of affection, but urethral lesion is very rare. Reports from India so far as our knowledge goes are not available. Symmers ...
Jayamanne D G - - 1994
We report an unusual case of orbital cellulitis in a patient with only one seeing eye and severe facial asymmetry secondary to a road traffic accident twenty two years previously. Facial trauma sustained in the road traffic accident created continuity between the right orbit and the adjacent ethmoidal cells. The ...
Benda T J TJ - - 1994
Fungal sinus disease is being reported with increasing frequency. We could find no previously reported cases of sinonasal infections with Malbranchea pulchella and only two previously reported cases of human infection of any kind. We now report on a case of suspected sinonasal Malbranchea pulchella in a patient with aspirin-sensitive ...
Hao S P - - 1994
Paranasal sinus mucocele is not uncommon in Taiwan, but is relatively rare in the sphenoid sinus. The symptomatology of mucocele in the sphenoid sinus is quite vague, but it could be well explained by compressive neuropathy. Computed tomographic scanning is the diagnostic imaging study of choice if paranasal mucocele is ...
Kioumehr F - - 1994
Hypertrophic pachymeningitis is a rare fibrosing inflammatory process involving dura mater and tentorium. In this report we are presenting contrast enhanced MRI findings of an unusual case of pachymeningitis which presented with a periorbital mass due to dural sinuses occlusion and retrograde filling of periorbital veins through superior sagittal sinus.
Hnatuk L A - - 1994
Isolated sphenoid sinusitis is often misdiagnosed because of its rarity and varied clinical presentation. Presentation is often both subtle and suggestive of other intracranial etiologic sites, as determined by the anatomic relationships of the sphenoid sinus. As well, the microbiology of acute sphenoid sinusitis has not yet been clearly defined. ...
Zimmer-Galler I E IE Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN - - 1994
This study was designed to describe the usual clinical findings of orbital emphysema as well as unusual and infrequent but important causes of this condition. We present seven detailed cases of orbital emphysema and review the pertinent English-language literature published since 1900. Characterization of the seven patients with orbital emphysema ...
Chaudhry M R - - 1994
The paranasal sinuses are a rare site for neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). In contrast to the other regions, NEC of the sinuses has been reported to be recurrent and locally destructive. We report a case of NEC of the ethmoid sinuses. The patient was a 16-year-old Indian boy and was treated ...
Tanaka R - - 1994
We report two cases of congenital occipital dermal sinus in which elongation of the vein of Galen, elevation of the straight sinus, division of the superior sagittal sinus, elevation of the confluence of sinuses, elevation of transverse sinus and narrowing of the torcular angle were observed in the venous phase ...
Kikuchi K - - 1994
Two cases of dural arteriovenous malformation (AVM) involving the base of the anterior cranial fossa are reported. The nidi in both cases were located in the region of the left cribriform plate and mainly supplied by the anterior ethmoidal arteries of both sides, draining through pial veins into either the ...
Dickins J R - - 1993
Thrombosis of the cerebral venous sinuses has long been a recognized complication of late stage pregnancy and the puerperium; more recently, this complication has been associated with the use of oral contraceptives. Two cases are presented in which the presenting symptoms of sagittal sinus thrombosis were neurotologic in nature. One ...
Slootweg P J - - 1993
Psammomatoid ossifying fibroma (POF) is a diagnostic designation for a sinonasal or orbital fibroosseous lesion characterized by numerous small round mineralized spherules lying in a fibroblastic stroma. We report 3 cases. One occurred in the frontal sinus of an 18-years-old male; 1 in the frontal sinus of a 20-year-old male ...
Daniilidis J - - 1993
We present an unusual case of sphenoid sinus mucocele with severe intracranial extension, which was diagnosed and treated at the AHEPA General Hospital, University of Thessaloniki, Greece. The patient was a 54-year-old female who presented with endocrine, nasal and ophthalmological symptoms, and headache. She was successfully treated by surgery using ...
Greval R S - - 1993
1) Ten per cent of cases of chronic maxillary sinusitis in a series of 50 cases treated in the ENT department of Dayanand Medical College, Ludhiana, were caused by anaerobic infection. 2) The causative anaerobic micro-organisms encountered were Peptostreptococcus and Clostridium species. 3) Treatment should, therefore, include metronidazole, especially in ...
Cho B K - - 1993
Intracranial mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a rare entity. The case of a 13-year-old girl with mesenchymal chondrosarcoma which seemed to arise from the dura mater is presented here together with a review of the literature. In the present case, the tumor involved the superior sagittal sinus. It recurred 21 months after ...
Diamond J P - - 1993
Pseudotumour has rarely been reported to invade the intracranial cavity. We present a case of pseudotumour which extended intra-cranially into the posterior cranial fossa. The patient had circulating antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in titres diagnostic for Wegener's granulomatosis. In the absence of clinical renal or respiratory tract disease, the case may ...
Fitzpatrick C C - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Vulvar vestibulitis and interstitial cystitis are enigmatic and controversial conditions. They are increasingly recognized as important causes of genitourinary pain in young women. This report proposes an etiologic association between the two conditions. CASES: We report three patients with both vulvar vestibulitis and interstitial cystitis. Although an association between ...
Kaden B - - 1993
We present the case of a 27-year-old woman with a vascular malformation localized in the superior orbital fissure. Histological diagnosis was that of a venous angioma with papillary endothelial hyperplasia. The lesion was removed completely via an intradural approach to the superior orbital fissure with subsequent recovery of the neurological ...
Machida N - - 1993
Two hundred and eighty-five apparently healthy Holstein dairy cows were evaluated serially for atrial fibrillation (AF) over an 18-month period. AF was noted in 7 cows with an incidence of 2.5%. No particular disease conditions were noted in any case at the time of onset of AF and thereafter. In ...
Demaerel P - - 1993
Recent reports indicate that fungal sinusitis is more common than previously thought. Four different histological subtypes of Aspergillus sinusitis are now recognized. Fulminant Aspergillosis is usually seen in immunosuppressed patients, and chronic invasive Aspergillus sinusitis, allergic Aspergillus sinusitis and Aspergilloma are seen in the non-immunocompromised individual. We present a case ...
Koike R - - 1993
A 58-year-old woman suddenly developed right exophthalmos. A CT scan of her orbit revealed an increase in volume and density of extraocular muscles and intraorbital soft tissues that resembled exophthalmos in Graves' disease. The exophthalmos gradually improved without treatment. Two months later she developed mononeuritis multiplex in her limbs, and ...
Dougherty A H - - 1993
Adenosine has been used to diagnose latent preexcitation in patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. A case is reported in which intermittent preexcitation had been previously observed, however only retrograde accessory pathway conduction was documented at the time of invasive electrophysiological study. Administration of intravenous adenosine during sinus rhythm resulted in ...
Dobler A A - - 1993
Orbital emphysema is radiologically apparent in 50% of cases of orbital fractures, but it is generally a benign, self-limited condition. However, visual loss may occur if a fracture produces orbital compression via a ball-valve effect, allowing air to enter but not leave the orbit. A case of compressive orbital emphysema ...
Shelton R - - 1993
An unusual case of an erythematous indurated arcuate plaque with a curvilinear appearance was noted after a patient manipulated an ingrown beard hair. During removal of a biopsy specimen, a purulent discharge was expressed that had evidently dissected through the dermis forming this interesting shape. This may be similar to ...
Lum Cheong R S - - 1992
Nosocomial sinusitis is occasionally overlooked as a source of sepsis in critically ill patients. Physical examination is usually unreliable and purulent nasal discharge is absent up to 73% of the time. Computed tomography scans of the sinuses and aspiration and culture of sinus fluid are the hallmark of diagnosis. Therapy ...
Bertrand B - - 1992
Three hundred sixty-seven successive patients suffering from chronic maxillary sinusitis (CMS) were thoroughly examined by means of maxillary sinusoscopy, a CT scan of the facial sinuses, and sinusomanometry (SMM). Ninety-eight cases of unilateral CMS, 269 cases of bilateral CMS, and 444 chronic ethmoidal sinusitis (CES) cases were evaluated. According to ...
Ciappetta P - - 1992
We present a series of 19 surgically treated osteomas involving the orbital walls. Eight were localized at the junction of the frontal sinus and orbital roof, three were frontoethmoidal, two were of the orbital roof, one of the lateral wall, one of the orbital floor, and four involved all the ...
Bollar A - - 1992
Sinus pericranii is a rare vascular anomaly involving an abnormal communication between the extracranial and intracranial circulations. A case of frontal sinus pericranii is presented which appeared to be a posttraumatic sinus because it developed 2 years after a cranial injury. However, the presence of vascular endothelium in the pathological ...
Krishnan G - - 1992
Maxillary sinuses plain film radiographs of 59 patients were reviewed and reported by both clinicians or Radiologists at the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur. There was agreement in 52 reports of the plain film radiographs however there was partial differences in about seven cases. This gave an impression that the ENT ...
Swoboda H - - 1992
A case of primary frontal sinus aspergilloma in a 79 year old non-immunocompromised woman, who presented with a right sided pyocele expanding into the orbit, is presented. The low susceptibility of the frontal sinus is probably related to the brachycephalic shape of the human skull which locates this sinus far ...
Visitsuntorn N - - 1992
The radiographic appearance of sinuses was studied in 146 Thai asthmatic patients aged 1-13 years. Forty-eight percent of cases showed sinusitis by the radiographic criteria. The maxillary sinus was most commonly involved (98.6%). Thirty-three percent had ethmoidal sinusitis and 7% of those with developed frontal sinuses had frontal sinusitis. Thirty-three ...
Sanghvi V - - 1992
Aspergillosis of the paranasal air sinuses is a rare entity. It is endemic in Sudan and a few states in South America. It affects healthy and immunocompromised individuals alike. It presents in two forms--the invasive and non-invasive Aspergillosis. The former is difficult to distinguish from carcinoma on clinical examination. Conventional ...
Kinoshita S - - 1992
There are two different theories to explain the mechanism of concealed bigeminy: one is '2:1 concealed reentry'; the other is 'irregular parasystole.' Two exemplary cases of the even-number variant of concealed bigeminy are presented. In case 1, the mechanism can be explained by an irregular parasystole due to a modulated ...
Lupret V - - 1992
A case of cavernous angioma situated in the left cavernous sinus is presented. Occasional difficulties in accessing correct preoperative diagnosis with computerized tomography and angiography were encountered. Intraoperative relationships of neural and vascular structures of the cavernous sinus and tumor mass are described. An "en mass" extirpation was achieved without ...
De Potter P - - 1992
We report two cases of choroidal melanoma with massive orbital extension that were managed by modified enucleation by way of a lateral orbitotomy. In both cases, the orbital component of the tumor was removed intact along with the globe. This approach allows placement of an orbital implant and avoids the ...
Bhattacharyya A K - - 1992
Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is a rapidly fatal fungal disease which involves the nose, paranasal sinuses, orbit and central nervous system. The fungal infection is usually secondary to immunosuppression, diabetic acidosis, or antibiotic, steroid or cytotoxic therapy. It can also occur in patients suffering from burns, malignancy and haematological disorders. Current treatment ...
Clifton A G - - 1992
Radiologically demonstrable intracranial extension of orbital pseudotumour is rare, and only four cases appear to have been reported previously in the literature. A review of the computed tomographic (CT) images of 90 biopsy proven cases of orbital pseudotumour seen over a 10 year period revealed eight cases with intracranial meningeal ...
Desai U R - - 1992
A case of a 27-year-old white male with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who had a maxillary sinus tumor with secondary orbital involvement was reported. Marked proptosis and distortion of the globe were present. Biopsy by the Caldwell-Luc approach disclosed an immunoblastic lymphoma of B-cell origin. To the best of our ...
Penkar S J - - 1992
An unusual case of endodermal sinus tumor (EST) of the ovary at an extragonadal site-vulva, in an unmarried female of 25 yr is reported. The patient presented only with a vulval swelling on the right side without any other signs or symptoms. The internal genital organs mainly the ovaries were ...
van Schayck R - - 1992
Pneumosinus dilatans is a generalized or partial enlargement of the paranasal sinuses containing only air. Pneumosinus dilatans occurs as an idiopathic disorder as well as in association with other disorders, including cerebral hemiatrophy. We report two cases of patients with congenital cerebral hemiatrophy who developed juvenile pneumosinus dilatans of the ...
Clemens A - - 1992
Two cases of blindness following paranasal sinus surgery are presented. The first patient, a 38-year old man, developed a delayed massive haemorrhage, after bilateral sphenoethmoidectomy. This hemorrhage could be stopped by electric cauterisation under endoscopical control. During this reintervention the patient developed total blindness of his right eye, and a ...
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