Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 608
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Davel G - - 2001
We report the first case of maxillary sinusitis caused by Actinomucor elegans in an 11-year-old patient. Histopathological and mycological examinations of surgical maxillary sinuses samples showed coenocytic hyphae characteristic of mucoraceous fungi. The fungi recovered had stolons and rhizoids, nonapophyseal and globose sporangia, and whorled branched sporangiophores and was identified ...
Al Soub H - - 2001
A case of tuberculoma of the cavernous sinus is described and 4 other previously reported cases are reviewed. The condition is very rare, and predominantly affects Asians. Periorbital pain, ptosis and ophthalmoplegia are the most common presenting features. Clinical and radiological findings are not sufficiently sensitive to differentiate it from ...
Koukoulomatis P - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of massive ethmoidal adenocarcinoma with orbital invasion but minimal ophthalmic symptoms on presentation. METHODS: Case report of a 69-year-old, otherwise healthy, retired carpenter who was referred for treatment of bilateral senile cataract. RESULTS: A relative afferent pupillary defect and sectorial disc atrophy on ophthalmic ...
Stites P C - - 2001
Dissecting cellulitis is an uncommon, chronic, progressive suppurative disease of unknown etiology. It is characterized by painful papules and nodules, interconnecting sinus tracts, purulent drainage, and scarring alopecia. This disease predominately affects young black men, but is rarely reported in white males. The refractory nature of this process makes treatment ...
Chapman P H - - 2000
The authors describe an unusual meningocele of the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus and the anterior skull base in a young patient with typical stigmata of neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1). This lesion was discovered during evaluation for recurrent meningitis. It represented an anterior continuation of Meckel's cave into a ...
Jabre A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Transsphenoidal meningoencephalocele is a rare congenital anomaly, reported only in 14 adult patients. It may be subdivided into intrasphenoidal, extending into the sphenoid sinus, and true transsphenoidal, traversing the floor of the sinus and protruding into the nasal cavity or nasopharynx. METHODS: We present the eighth case of true ...
Tranfa F - - 2000
PURPOSE: To describe displacement of the globe into the ethmoid sinus after an orbital trauma. METHOD: Case report. A 58-year-old man sustained trauma of the left eye and orbit, which resulted in displacement of the globe into the ethmoid sinus. One day after injury, surgery was performed to restore the ...
Hunt S M - - 2000
Enophthalmos caused by inadequate maxillary sinus function was first reported in 1964. Since this initial report, scattered case reports and, more recently, reviews have appeared in the literature detailing the pathophysiology, clinical findings, and management of this process. We present a classic case of the asymptomatic development of enophthalmos caused ...
Beattie G C - - 2000
Chordoma is a rare, slow-growing, but locally aggressive malignant tumour derived from the primitive notochord. Pilonidal sinus disease, characterised by communicating granulating natal cleft tracts and abscesses, is a common condition. We report a case of a sacro-coccygeal chordoma diagnosed incidentally on surgical exploration of a case of presumed pilonidal ...
Rothenhäusler H B - - 2000
In few cases, pure citalopram overdose at doses above 600 mg showed electro-cardiographic changes with prolonged QT intervals and sinus bradycardia gradually resolving within 12-24 hours after intoxication. We report on a 32-year-old patient with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who ingested a total of 800 mg citalopram to attempt suicide ...
Marple B F - - 2000
For more than five years, patients referred to the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas with allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) have been managed using a regimen combining surgery, perioperative corticosteroids, and immunotherapy for relevant antigens (fungal and non-fungal). The initial ...
Oh K T - - 2000
A 56-year-old man was seen with signs and symptoms consistent with orbital cellulitis. Computed tomographic scan showed a localized bony defect in the sphenoid wing, on which a biopsy was performed through a lateral orbitotomy. Pathologic examination of the surgical specimen revealed mucinous adenocarcinoma, and metastatic workup revealed an extensive ...
Ferguson B J - - 2000
Fungus balls of the paranasal sinuses represent a noninvasive manifestation of fungal sinusitis. Patients are immunocompetent but no more allergic than the general population. There is little tissue reaction to the tangled mat of hyphae. If the patient becomes immunocompromised, then the fungus ball may become invasive, as illustrated by ...
Hunt S M - - 2000
Invasive fungal sinusitis can present as either an indolent or fulminant process that primarily affects immunocompromised individuals. In this article, the clinical characteristics of four cases of invasive fungal sinusitis in patients with AIDS are analyzed and 22 additional previously reported cases in the literature are reviewed. In addition to ...
Nagashima T - - 2000
An autopsy case of hypertrophic pachymeningitis and multiple cranial neuropathies is reported. A 53-year-old woman with paraplegia and various neurological signs which developed over a 2 year period was diagnosed as having an epidural mass with thickened dura mater extending from the lower cervical to the thoracic spinal cord. In ...
Mauri M - - 2000
A case of the rare condition pneumosinus dilatans of the maxillary sinus is presented. This is a rare differential diagnosis of a maxillary disease. The diagnostic imaging features of this condition are described, and a recommendation of views for adequately delineating this disorder is given. Only a few cases of ...
Pitkäranta A - - 2000
Orbital infection in association with sinusitis is an emergency. It may cause visual disturbances, and in rare cases even permanent blindness by affecting the optic nerve. We report an unusual case of acute sinusitis that was complicated by irreversible visual loss in a young patient. As there is increasing evidence ...
LaFrentz J R - - 2000
Penetrating facial injuries are not infrequent. There have been isolated case reports of unusual penetrating craniofacial trauma. We describe an unusual case of a 22-month-old child who suffered an external orbital injury from a ballpoint pen that penetrated the orbit, lamina papyracea, posterior ethmoid sinuses, and sphenoid sinus. Endoscopic sinus ...
Chang C H - - 2000
The proper choice of effective antibiotics is a mainstay for the treatment of orbital cellulitis. The lack of native data regarding the microorganism causing the infection and its antibiotic sensitivity prompted us to conduct this study. We retrospectively collected 29 cases of orbital cellulitis admitted to Chung-Ho Memorial Hospital of ...
DadaƟ B - - 2000
Sphenochoanal polyp is a rare entity which originates in the sphenoid sinus cavity and extends into the choana via the ostium. It presents in a similar manner to the more common antrochoanal polyp. Radiological examination is necessary to differentiate between these two types. We present a case of sphenochoanal polyp ...
Ogawa T - - 2000
A sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma (SNTCS) is a rare and aggressive malignant neoplasm histologically characterized by the combination of one or more epithelial elements and mesenchymal components. We report a case of a 78-year-old man with SNTCS involving the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. He complained of epiphora and exophthalmos with weight ...
Allroggen H - - 2000
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is a challenging condition because of its variability of clinical symptoms and signs. It is very often unrecognised at initial presentation. All age groups can be affected. Large sinuses such as the superior sagittal sinus are most frequently involved. Extensive collateral circulation within the cerebral venous ...
Vemuganti Geeta Kashyap - - 1999
The presence of brain tissue in the orbit is a rare finding, whether it occurs isolated, in continuity with intracranial contents, or within a tumor. In this paper, the authors report a rare case of ectopic brain in the orbit, presenting as a conjunctival mass, in a 15-day-old female child. ...
Childs H A HA - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to review an interesting case of recurrent orbital sinus histiocytosis. The patient initially failed surgery, chemotherapy, and steroid therapy, only to have a durable response to low-dose radiation therapy of the orbits, lasting 6 and 11 years, respectively. Because there are few documented responses ...
Schulman H - - 1999
The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a leukoproliferative disorder marked by a sustained overproduction of eosinophils and a distinct predilection to damage specific organs, especially the cardiovascular system. It is primarily a disease of middle-aged people. Occasional cases have been encountered in children. We report a case of an 11-year-old ...
Otsubo Y - - 1999
Seven cases of parietal cephalocele and three cases of occipital cephalocele associated with abnormal venous drainage were evaluated, and the mechanism of the development for venous system was discussed from the embryological viewpoint. In parietal cephaloceles the abnormally draining vein, which corresponds to the straight sinus, ascended along the interhemisphere ...
Jayaraj S M - - 1999
Mucocoeles of the paranasal sinuses most commonly occur in the frontal or anterior ethmoidal sinuses. We report two rare cases of mucocoele of the maxillary sinus and describe the presentation, investigations and treatment. A review of the literature on this rare clinical entity is included, with specific reference to diagnostic ...
Seregard S - - 1999
PURPOSE: Phakomatous choristoma is a rare congenital tumour of lenticular origin. The exact location at clinical presentation is controversial, but herein we provide evidence that phakomatous choristoma may be located in the lower eyelid or orbit or both. METHODS: Case report of an infant presenting with a mass in the ...
Iordanidis S - - 1999
A basal cell maxillary ameloblastoma became obvious as an asymptomatic swelling of the left buccal sulcus and alveolar process, although a large extension into the maxillary sinus up to the nasal conchae and the orbital floor had already occurred. The painless and slow growth of the lesion, the thin bone ...
Wagle Ajeet M. - - 1999
Primary liposarcoma of the orbit is a rare tumour. There are very few cases of orbital liposarcoma reported in the literature, mostly of the myxoid variety. In this paper, the authors report the clinical presentation, histopathological features, results of diagnostic studies and management of a case of orbital low grade ...
Gliemroth J - - 1999
Two cases of dural arteriovenous malformation (AVM) at the base of the anterior cranial fossa are described. In both cases an intracerebral hematoma following the rupture of the AVM was the first indication of the disease. In one case, the malformation was supplied both by the anterior ethmoidal artery and ...
Severo L C - - 1999
We report a case of black grain mycetoma in a 74-years-old man who presented with a 50-yr. history of sinus-tract formation in the right foot. This is the first case of an Exophiala jeanselmeimycetoma successfully treated with itraconazole. In addition a review of the literature on this subject was done.
Rao T N - - 1999
A seventy eight year old man sustained penetrating injury to right orbit about 15 years ago. Later he developed right orbital infection leading to phthisis bulbi. Two months before admission he developed CSF leak from the right orbit, tension pneumocephalous and meningitis. A rare case of CSF orbitorrhoea is reported ...
Prescher A - - 1999
A rare case of an unusual sinus within the styloid process is described. The radiological appearance of this malformation is presented with CT-scans and a hypothesis for its development is presented. The malformation is designated as "Recessus processus styloidei" and this entity is considered to be a dysgenesis of the ...
Gilroy B J - - 1999
Sinus cysts are epithelium-lined, fluid-filled cavities that can occur in the paranasal sinuses of horses. Extensive damage to the permanent tooth buds was a significant feature in this case. The sequellae of these abnormalities, although not apparent at the time of presentation, remain an important consideration for prognosis.
Wild T - - 1999
We report a case of idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis (IHCP) associated with an orbital pseudotumor and granulocytic thyroiditis of unknown origin. The patient suffered from progressive and finally complete loss of visual acuity, as well as from multiple cranial nerve dysfunctions. Medical treatment and radiation therapy were not beneficial. As ...
Wu M R - - 1998
Penetrating injuries of the paranasal sinuses due to foreign bodies are rare, especially as a result of a traffic accident. Here we report a patient with a ballpoint pen lodged in his left eye following a traffic accident. The pen extended from the medial aspect of the left orbit, through ...
Brautbar N - - 1998
Sinuses are a part of the upper respiratory system and sinusitis has been well-defined as an inflammation of the mucous membrane. Sinusitis occurs commonly as a result of allergies, polyps, common cold and environmental pollution. Reports of sinusitis secondary to ammonia exposure, while common clinically from a reporting point of ...
Lichtenstein D - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe a real-time ultrasound sign, the visualization of the cavity and the walls of the maxillary sinus ("sinusogram"), and to assess its correlation with total opacity of the sinus. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: The medical ICU of a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: The significance of this sign was ...
Strianese D - - 1998
PURPOSE: To warn the ophthalmologist to consider orbital dirofilariasis in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory masses of the orbit. PATIENTS: Two cases with non-specific swelling and pain of the orbit who had a initial diagnosis of "inflammatory pseudotumor of the orbit". RESULTS: These are two new cases of orbital dirofilariasis. ...
Ellison M D - - 1998
Scopulariopsis acremonium is a species of saprophytic fungus not previously reported to cause invasive disease in humans, although invasive infections from other species of Scopulariopsis have been reported and are reviewed. Deep infection with this fungus is associated with a high mortality rate. Invasive fungal sinusitis, in general, is a ...
Lee A F - - 1998
Wegener's granulomatosis is a necrotizing, granulomatous vasculitis. It usually causes sinusitis, pneumonitis and glomerulonephritis. The common ocular manifestations include conjunctivitis, scleritis, peripheral keratitis and orbital inflammation. We report the case of a 50-year-old woman with Wegener's granulomatosis and very severe ocular complications who underwent bilateral enucleation. The pathologic findings of ...
Rosell A - - 1998
Histological demonstration of sarcoidosis affecting the paranasal sinus is rare in the clinical practice. In this paper, we present a case with a diagnosis of lupus pernio with extensive involvement of the nasal cavity and the right maxillary sinus. Long before being diagnosed as having lupus pernio, the patient had ...
Rödel R - - 1998
Diseases of the paranasal sinuses may cause visual disturbances, especially diminished visual acuity and visual field defects, by affecting the optic nerve. We report the unusual case of a female patient with unilateral peripheral, quadrantic scotoma and concomitant chronic ethmoidal sinusitis. Visual acuity was not diminished. Despite extensive diagnostic examinations ...
Nicollas R - - 1998
A retrospective study in the ENT departments of the Timone Children's Hospital in Marseille and the Armand Trousseau Hospital in Paris and a review of the literature was performed in order to update knowledge about fourth branchial pouch anomalies. Over the 12-year period studied, a total of six children were ...
Rose T P - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Cases of spontaneous enophthalmos (in otherwise asymptomatic patients) that are unrelated to trauma, surgery, or systemic disease have been reported infrequently in the literature. CASE REPORT: We present a 41-year-old patient who demonstrated this recently reported constellation of findings referred to as silent sinus syndrome. CONCLUSION: Consideration should be ...
Underdahl J P - - 1998
PURPOSE: To report preseptal cellulitis and orbital bone destruction as ocular manifestations of nasal cocaine abuse. METHOD: Case report. We examined a 40-year-old male nasal cocaine abuser with diabetes mellitus and with signs of preseptal cellulitis. Computed tomographic imaging of the cranium was performed, and a nasal cavity biopsy specimen ...
Larsen P L - - 1998
The present study comprised macro- and endoscopic screening of the nasosinusal complex in 56 autopsies, 24 with nasal polyps and 32 without. Seven had nasal polyposis (bilaterally more than two). Hypertrophic polypoid mucosa in the paranasal sinuses was not found in the cases with nasal polyposis and in only 2 ...
Haran R P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic pneumocephalus after transsphenoidal surgery, though reported, is a rare phenomenon. We report three cases of pneumocephalus in a series of 300 transsphenoidal operations for sellar/suprasellar mass lesions done over the past 12 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three cases of symptomatic pneumocephalus occurring after transsphenoidal surgery are presented to ...
Takahashi Y - - 1997
This study evaluated the resistance to plastic deformation under a flexural load (PLf) of a denture base material relined with four different types of denture reline materials. A heat-processed poly(methyl methacrylate) denture base was relined with varying thicknesses of denture reline materials and subjected to a flexural load. The flexural ...
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