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Results 451 - 500 of 607
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Andaz C - - 1991
Metastatic tumour of the sphenoid sinus from distant primary sites are rare. If sphenoid involvement from adjacent structures is excluded there have been 26 reported cases of metastatic sphenoid sinus tumours. Seminoma metastatizing to other paranasal sinuses has been reported but a careful literature search did not reveal this occurring ...
Gupta A - - 1991
The case is described of a 29-year-old man with a history of recurrent attacks of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. The patient presented to the emergency ward with complaints of palpitations which had not been relieved by vagal stimulation maneuvers and propranolol. When intravenous metoprolol failed to convert the rhythm, a nasogastric ...
Allan B P - - 1991
A case is discussed of a patient with an orbital cellulitis and a post septal abscess secondary to infection from an upper molar tooth. Spread of infection was to the maxillary sinus and thence to the orbit via a defect in the orbital floor. The clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, value ...
Zieske L A - - 1991
Six cases of dematiaceous fungal sinusitis are reported, together with a review of 33 other cases collated from a review of the English literature. The sinusitis was more often unilateral vs. bilateral. A characteristic serpiginous hyperdense intrasinus opacification, as well as sinus expansion with bone erosion, was often seen on ...
Hartman J M - - 1991
Cholesteatoma of the paranasal sinuses is uncommon but makes interesting the differential diagnosis of unilateral sinus masses. When present, it is most often located in the frontal sinus; less commonly in the ethmoids and maxillary sinuses. Its presence elicits a spectrum of symptomatology differing among the varying locations of occurrence. ...
Kutluk K - - 1991
Two cases of dural arteriovenous malformations are presented. Both were associated with thrombosis of the sigmoid sinus. Without any treatment, recanalization of the sinus occurred in one case, while the dural arteriovenous malformation was persisting. In the second case, recanalization of the sinus coincided with the spontaneous closure of the ...
Friedman G C - - 1991
Most reported cases of allergic sinusitis have been attributed to Aspergillus, based on the morphologic features of the organisms in tissue sections. However, in most cases, cultures have not been done. This is a report of three cases of non-Aspergillus allergic fungal sinusitis. The patients' ages were 11, 16, and ...
Rey M J - - 1991
We describe a case of Lyme carditis with intra-hisian 2:1 atrioventricular (AV) block documented by electrophysiological study. To our knowledge, only two cases of AV block at the level of the His bundle has been described in the literature. Sinus rhythm was restored after 4 days of i.v. ceftriaxone.
Guillen G E - - 1991
Success in fabricating removable partial dentures, Kennedy Class I and Class II in particular, is highly dependent on proper orientation of the occlusal plane. The closer to the ideal, the better the prosthesis will function and provide proper esthetics and phonetics. This case report presents the diagnosis and occlusal modification ...
Rosenfeld R M - - 1991
The fourth branchial pouch sinus (FBPS) is a rare translaryngeal anomaly with diverse manifestations, including neonatal stridor and recurrent deep neck infection. Review of the world literature reveals 23 reports of sinuses consistent with fourth pouch origin. We present two additional cases, including the only example of a right-sided FBPS. ...
Fisher E W - - 1991
Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is a rare but often fatal condition characterized by an aggressive necrotizing infection spreading from the nose to the paranasal sinuses, orbit and hence to the central nervous system. A case is reported in which a diabetic male with advanced mucormycosis was successfully treated by a combination of ...
Moorthy R S - - 1991
Sinusitis is an unusual cause of exophthalmos in adults since the advent of antibiotics. Many periorbital complications of sinusitis have been described; however exophthalmos associated with apparent sixth cranial nerve palsy in the absence of ipsilateral sphenoidal sinusitis is a rare and, to our knowledge, unreported complication of sinusitis. We ...
Skinner D W - - 1991
The results of a retrospective study comparing the preoperative state of the sinus mucosa with the pre-operative sinus radiographic findings are reported. In contrast to a low false-positive rate, the incidence of false-negative reporting in the ethmoidal and sphenoidal air cell systems was 43-55% and was 20% in the maxillary ...
Nussbaum C E - - 1991
Two cases of lymphocytic hypophysitis are reported, in which hypothalamic involvement causing diabetes insipidus was a prominent clinical feature. In one case, a man had clinical and radiological evidence of the involvement of the cavernous sinus. This represents the second reported case of a man with lymphocytic hypophysitis. A transsphenoidal ...
Sercarz J A - - 1991
A case of skull base malignancy following long-term sinus mucocele is presented. While the similarity in clinical signs between sinus mucocele and malignancy has recently been emphasized in the literature, no previous case of skull base malignancy following frontoethmoid mucocele has been reported. The literature is reviewed and the association ...
Lees V - - 1991
It is our belief that the majority of cases of perineal sinus are curable if certain principles of wound management are followed. The causes and management of perineal sinus are reviewed. Four cases which illustrate the difficulties of achieving healing are reported, and from these important aspects of treatment are ...
Hill R A - - 1991
Significant morbidity and mortality can result if early detection and treatment of sphenoid sinusitis is not provided. A case is presented in which the diagnosis of sphenoid sinusitis was delayed because a routine computerized tomographic scan was normal. This case underscores the importance of specifically requesting views of the paranasal ...
Hariri M A - - 1990
We report a case of septicaemia and death due to occult sinusitis in an otherwise healthy adult. Septicaemia was diagnosed on clinical grounds and blood culture grew Streptococcus pneumoniae. Maxillary sinusitis was discovered incidentally on a CT scan four days after the onset of symptoms. A sinus wash-out revealed pus ...
Bailey P L - - 1990
A case is reported of bradycardia and sinus arrest induced by insertion of a nasal temperature probe. Other possible causes of bradycardia and sinus arrest under anaesthesia are reviewed briefly. Evidence for the neurological basis of a nasocardiac reflex, similar to the oculocardiac reflex, is presented. A minor, trivial stimulus ...
Singer J - - 1990
Wegener's granulomatosis is a rare disease in children, with only 37 previous cases described in the literature. We report two new cases, one in an 11-year-old child who presented with cavitating nodules in the right upper lung field as well as a maxillary sinusitis and nasal perforation, and the other ...
Moneret-Vautrin D A - - 1990
Fifty-two cases of perennial rhinitis were studied, leading to the diagnosis of seven cases of nonallergic rhinitis with eosinophilia syndrome (NARES) a frequency of 13.5%. Symptoms of nasal hyperreactivity involving sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction and pruritus were more severe than in other types of rhinitis. The frequency of hyposmia was ...
Radecki C A - - 1990
Hypoplasia of the maxillary antrum is a rarely encountered condition. Antral hypoplasia has been misdiagnosed as sinusitis, chronic sinus infection, and neoplasm. Antral hypoplasia can be associated with difficult and unnecessary surgical explorations. A case of unilateral maxillary antrum hypoplasia is reported. Associated anatomical anomalies and a review of literature ...
Loh J K - - 1990
Two cases of sphenoid sinus aspergillosis underwent surgical intervention via the transsphenoidal approach to the sphenoid sinus cavity with good results in both cases. Adjunctive systemic antifungal therapy with amphotericin B was used in one case. The headache and visual disturbance improved postoperatively and no obvious neurological sequelae were encountered.
de la Cruz Mera A - - 1990
One hundred and seventy cases of nasal and/or sinus polyps diagnosed in the Pathology Service of the Hospital Militar Central GOMEZ/ULLA of Madrid (Spain) between 1.9.79 and 1.9.88 are reviewed. In two cases areas of 'carcinoma in situ' in the epithelium covering the polyps were demonstrated. The literature is reviewed ...
Godin M S - - 1990
The fourth branchial pouch sinus is a congenital anomaly which most frequently manifests itself by recurrent episodes of neck abscess or acute suppurative thyroiditis. This lesion usually becomes symptomatic before the age of 10 years and is more common than has previously been suspected. It has been found on the ...
De Foer C - - 1990
The prevalence of Aspergillus sinusitis is often underestimated because the vast majority of cases are classified as "unspecified sinusitis". Two possible aetio-pathogenic mechanisms can be involved in the development of this fungal infection. Traditionally, the literature emphasised the "anglophone" hypothesis which is based on the inhalation of spores. More recently, ...
George J - - 1990
An elderly man, who presented initially with clinical features of dementia, was found to have an intracranial tension aerocele due to an underlying osteoma of the frontal sinus. Plain skull roentgenograms and computerized tomography did not reveal the osteoma, although a communication between the frontal sinus and the aerocele was ...
Abdel-Fattah H M - - 1990
Since 1949, only 52 cases of hemangiopericytoma (HPC) of the nose and paranasal sinuses have been reported in the literature. Of the latter, only 2 originated from the maxillary sinus. This article reports 2 new cases. One arose in the maxillary sinus and involved the pterygopalatine fossa, skull base, and ...
Mohácsi A - - 1990
Sinus tachycardia and atrial fibrillation are frequent features in hyperthyrosis while sinus node dysfunction is regarded as a rare complication. Bradycardia may cause diagnostic problems mainly in atypical hyperthyrosis of the old age. The authors analysed distribution and age related association of the rhythm disorders in hyperthyrosis. In case of ...
Nishio A - - 1989
We hereby report a case of a laterally situated sinus pericranii, which is rare. According to the articles regarding this kind of lesion, carotid angiograms revealed no pathological findings, and venograms taken with direct injection of contrast medium into the mass were useful. It should be stressed that the lesion ...
Van Herck H - - 1989
In a specified pathogen free (SPF) breeding colony of IIIVO/JU rabbits 8 cases of prolapsus vaginae occurred in 5 years. Clinically the animals were in shock. Haematocrits ranged from 9 to 15%. The prolapses started from the submucosal layer of the proximal part of the vestibulum vaginae. The prolapsed tissue ...
Guttenplan M D - - 1989
The relationship between cystic fibrosis, nasal polyposis and chronic sinusitis is clearly defined. Mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses, however, are a well-described complication of chronic sinusitis in adults; but they rarely occur in the pediatric age group. We report a three-year-old who presented with epiphora and fullness at the right ...
Forte V - - 1989
Tinnitus may be defined as the perception of sound in the absence of environmental input. It can be subjective. Objective tinnitus may be caused by clearly definable mechanical or vascular abnormalities, and as such may be amenable to specific management. We report a case of objective tinnitus associated with an ...
Kolodinsky S D - - 1989
In 1875 Sir James Paget reported the first case of primary axillary vein thrombosis. Since then numerous reports of axillary vein thrombosis have appeared citing various initiating events and possible causes. We report here a patient with axillary vein thrombosis. The thrombosis appears to have been provoked by carrying a ...
Bingham B J - - 1989
A sublabial incision with septal transfixion and mid-face degloving is described as an approach to the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and nasopharynx. A brief history of the development of the technique is given. The results of nine cases are presented. These cases have had good tumour clearance, excellent cosmetic results ...
Hanieh A - - 1989
We reviewed 42 cases of Crouzon's syndrome. There were 16 cases with ventricular dilation. We believe that shunt should be inserted after fronto-orbital advancement if there are persistent signs of raised intracranial pressure. However, in cases presenting with severe ventricular dilation and papilloedema, a shunt is inserted prior to fronto-orbital ...
Kaufman A Y - - 1989
Diagnosis of the origin of a sinus tract is very complex. In this case report, a sinus tract stoma appeared above the left maxillary incisor, but the causative tooth was the right maxillary incisor. Incorrect diagnosis led to endodontic treatment of a healthy tooth followed by apicoectomy, which was also ...
Grubb B P - - 1989
A 56-year-old white male developed sustained ventricular tachycardia which was terminated by carotid sinus stimulation. Intracardiac electrophysiologic study reproduced the tachycardia which was repeatedly terminated by carotid massage. This report, together with others reviewed here, suggests that tachycardia termination by simple carotid stimulation does not always prove a supraventricular origin.
Parnes L S - - 1989
There has been a recent increase in reported cases of fungal sinusitis. This may be due to better awareness and improved histopathological methods as well as increasing numbers of immunologically compromised patients. We present a case of mycotic sinusitis in an immunocompetent individual to emphasize the clinical features of this ...
Morris M R - - 1989
Sixty-one cases of an aggressive OF involving the paranasal sinus area are reviewed from the literature. We describe another case of this unusual lesion in an 11-year-old girl. These tumors share a similar radiographic appearance, aggressive clinical behavior, and tendency for recurrence after incomplete treatment. Our experiences show that active ...
Savolainen S - - 1989
In acute maxillary sinusitis, purulence could best be assessed from sinus washings, but evaluation based on aspirates was also reliable, provided that the amount of secretion was adequate. Injection-aspirates were of negligible diagnostic value in this respect. Sinus washings and aspirates which were clinically defined as purulent were almost invariably ...
Maskin S L - - 1989
The authors present a case report of a devastating bilateral optic neuropathy and orbitopathy initiated by a contiguous fungal sinusitis, in an apparently immunocompetent young man. The causative organism, Bipolaris hawaiiensis, and other species classified in the genus Bipolaris, are being recognized with increased frequency as causes of several ophthalmic ...
Leatherbarrow B - - 1989
Cavernous haemangioma is considered to be the most common primary orbital tumour. We present 3 cases of cavernous haemangioma of the orbit managed by medial orbitotomy combined with medial orbital decompression. This approach was performed for lesions occurring medial to the optic nerve in an attempt to reduce the surgical ...
Grieman R B - - 1988
A case of rhabdomyosarcoma of the maxillary sinus is reported. A brief review of the origin, histomorphology, classification, clinical presentation, behavior, prognosis, and treatment is given relative to occurrence in the maxillary antrum. Misinterpretation of the microscopic findings can delay the histologic diagnosis. An error in tissue diagnosis may be ...
Tveterås K - - 1988
The incidence of both lateral and cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis has been significantly reduced in the antibiotic era. Since septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is mainly a complication of facial abscesses and septic lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) is almost invariably due to chronic otitis media, both conditions are of clinical relevance ...
Schell C L - - 1988
Following treating a case of superior sagittal sinus thrombosis, we did an extensive search of the literature, eliciting 795 cases of the disorder. An analysis showed that even after the introduction of antibiotics, the preponderance of these cases have been diagnosed at autopsy. Our findings raise questions about the current ...
Thompson R F - - 1988
Isolated fungal sphenoid sinusitis is an unusual head and neck infection. We describe the first reported case (to our knowledge) of Paecilomyces variotii sphenoid sinusitis. In addition, it represents one of the few reported cases of isolated fungal sphenoid sinusitis. Diagnosis and management of this condition are described. Aggressive surgical ...
du Plessis J J JJ Department of Neurosurgery, University of - - 1988
A case of an intracavernous carotid aneurysm, with ophthalmoplegia, secondary to cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis is reported. The necessity of angiography when this condition persists despite adequate antibiotic therapy is stressed.
Jacobs N A - - 1988
Relevant factors determining the management of inaccessible retained lead airgun pellets are discussed in relation to 11 orbital cases. Although the injuries were of between one month's and 26 years' standing, serum lead levels were normal at under 350 micrograms/l in all instances. This is attributable to the modern alloy ...
Zborowski-Gutman L - - 1988
A 62-year-old woman presented with acute angle closure glaucoma. After a poor response to conventional treatment the presenting signs were re-evaluated and a diagnosis of pseudotumour of the orbit was made. Treatment with oral steroids resolved both the glaucoma and the orbital pseudotumour. The presumed pathogenesis and literature are reviewed.
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