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Results 351 - 400 of 605
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Ehara H - - 1998
An 8-year-old Japanese boy had Sakoda complex (basal encephalomeningocele, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and cleft lip and/or palate) associated with bilateral anophthalmia, dysgenesis of the cerebral cortex, severe mental retardation, and intractable epilepsy as core symptoms and hemiparesis, microcephalus, short stature, and hemivertebra. Tada and Nakamura described the first ...
Oka A - - 1998
We present a case of parietal lobe epilepsy, the epileptogenic focus of which was conspicuously demonstrated on magnetoencephalography (MEG). The remarkable fluctuation in the seizure frequency and the presence of atonic seizures were suggestive of atypical partial benign epilepsy of childhood (APBEC). An interictal positron emission tomography (PET) scan performed ...
Nashef L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To study the circumstances of death in sudden death in epilepsy. METHODS: Self referred bereaved relatives of patients with epilepsy who had died suddenly were interviewed with information obtained substantiated through other sources-namely, coroners' officers' reports, postmortem reports, previous medical records, and EEG reports. RESULTS: Of 34 cases, 26 ...
Donoghue M B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Intranasal desmopressin has been used extensively to treat primary nocturnal enuresis. While it has proven to be a safe, effective agent for many who are affected by this condition, the potential for complications exists. OBJECTIVES: To report a case of severe hyponatremia associated with a generalized tonic-clonic seizure in ...
Paris P A - - 1998
Bupropion, a relatively new antidepressant, is highly regarded for its safety profile in therapeutic doses and in the overdose. Seizure is the primary adverse reaction associated with bupropion overdoses. Clinically significant cardiovascular complications are rare. We report the case of an adult male who ingested 9 g bupropion and developed ...
McLachlan R S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A seizure is the most common cause of loss of driving privileges for medical reasons but there is variability in how physicians and the authorities who regulate driving approach this issue. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding epilepsy and driving was sent to all adult neurologists in Canada (n = 494). ...
Jallon P - - 1997
Arrhythmogenic seizures may represent one of the mechanisms implicated in sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. Various cardiac changes can be observed during epileptic seizures. However, reports of well-documented, life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias in the literature are scarce. The pathogenesis of these arrhythmias and speculations about the cortical localization of cardioarrhythmogenic triggers ...
Humbertclaude V T - - 1997
We report a case with hemimegalencephaly and catastrophic epilepsy treated early at 4 months by functional hemispherectomy. The boy had intractable continuous epilepsy, with seizures every 10 min, hemiparesis and absence of psychomotor acquisition. Three years after hemispherectomy, the boy is seizure free and has a mild psychomotor delay. Hemiparesis ...
Diomedi M - - 1997
We report the case of a 41 year-old woman with a slight mental retardation and epilepsy. MRI showed a diffuse subependymal heterotopia. The cognitive level supports the view that the ectopic cells are probably not important for the normal cortical functions but that they are likely able to maintain some ...
Yalçin A D - - 1997
Childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (CEOP) is an idiopathic localization-related epilepsy. A typical seizure in CEOP begins with visual symptoms, followed by hemiclonic seizures, complex partial seizures or generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Benign nocturnal childhood occipital epilepsy (BNCOE), characterized by nocturnal seizures with tonic deviation of the eyes followed by vomiting, ...
Endziniene M - - 1997
The prevalence of epilepsy in children aged 0-15 years of Kaunas city, Lithuania, was evaluated on 1 January 1995. Multiple sources for case identification were used, i.e. medical records at the university hospital, regional outpatient clinics and consultation centres, institutions, schools and kindergartens for the handicapped. Active epilepsy was defined ...
McConnell H W - - 1997
A 16-year-old left-handed male is presented with a history of seizures associated with a fish-like odour and behavioural disturbances thought to be related to trimethylaminuria. His seizures were complex-partial (cursive) seizures and started at the age of 18 months. They occurred in the context of discrete episodes several times per ...
Scamoni C - - 1997
We report the case of a patient with progressive seizures caused by a cavernous angioma in association with a venous angioma in the right parietal lobe. The radiological findings, the pathogenesis of this association and the importance of surgical treatment of a cavernous angioma with conservative treatment of a venous ...
Kubota F - - 1997
We report a case of frontal lobe epilepsy with bursts of 3 Hz spike-wave, often dominant in the left frontal lobe, that sometimes developed into a secondary bilateral generalization. This patient was a 69-year-old male with a history of epileptic seizures that began 3 months following a head injury at ...
Perry A - - 1997
Composite pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA)-ganglioglioma (GG) is a rare recently described entity. Only three examples have been documented, one of which showed evidence of malignant transformation. We report an additional four cases and update the literature. With the exception of an 82-year-old man, all patients have been under 30 years of ...
Wong A S - - 1997
A 30-year-old Indian migrant worker presented with seizures at the National University Hospital. A CT-scan of the brain showed multiple calcifications and cysts consistent with neurocysticercosis. Plain radiographs of the humeri and femora also revealed multiple soft tissue calcifications. He was given a course of anti-helminthic therapy and started on ...
Clemens B - - 1997
The author presents clinical and electroencephalographic data of an epileptic girl, whose absences started at the age of 2. Based on seizure semiology, serial EEG and video-EEG recording, 7 years of follow-up and other clinical data, the patient was diagnosed as having the PMA ('perioral myoclonus with absences') syndrome. There ...
Devinsky O - - 1997
Bradyarrhythmias associated with partial seizures are uncommon, with most reported patients having temporal lobe seizure foci on scalp EEG recordings. We report a patient with bradycardia and sinus arrest during a complex partial seizure documented during bilateral subdural EEG and EEG and simultaneous video and EEG recordings. The seizure began ...
Lund M - - 1997
The aim of this study is to find out whether bromide was able to cause conversion of epilepsy to psychosis i.e., so-called paradoxical normalization such as has been seen in treatment with modern antiepileptic drugs. Spontaneous conversion has been known for three hundred years. Locock introduced bromide in the treatment ...
Fukuda M - - 1997
We followed five cases with severe febrile seizures (FS) with early onset and seizures induced by hot water bath, indicating severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SME) or the peripheral form of SME. These cases, however, had far better clinical courses than that of SME or the peripheral form of SME. ...
Wieser H G - - 1997
PURPOSE: We report a case of musicogenic epilepsy with ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) study and discuss the findings of this patient in the context of 76 cases with musicogenic epilepsy described in the literature and seven other cases followed in Zurich. METHODS: We analyzed the 83 patients ...
White C M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of venlafaxine overdose. CASE SUMMARY: A 40-year-old woman with major depression took an overdose of venlafaxine in an apparent suicide attempt. After the ingestion of 26 venlafaxine 50-mg tablets, the patient experienced a witnessed generalized seizure. She was admitted to the medical intensive care unit, ...
Harris C R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Bupropion is a unique monocyclic antidepressant that has been known to cause seizures in high therapeutic doses and in acute overdoses. Death due to ingestion, however, is a rare occurrence. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 26-year-old man who ingested 23 g bupropion, developed seizures and hypoxia, ...
Lombardi D - - 1997
In approximately 30% of patients with intractable partial epilepsy, an intra-axial cerebral lesion is the aetiology of the seizure disorder. Lesions adjacent to mesiotemporal structures often result in secondary epileptogenicity in the same region. The authors present 22 cases of low-grade gliomas associated with intractable epilepsy. In 15 cases the ...
Kaufman K R - - 1996
Psychopathology following epilepsy neurosurgery is a significant risk. Treatment modalities have not been addressed in the literature. As disproportionately elevated suicide rates have been reported, it is critical to treat aggressively any psychiatric illness wherein suicidal ideation is a key component. This case reports the safe utilization of electroconvulsive therapy ...
Geerts Y - - 1996
We report on an infant with D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria, who presented with severe seizures and developmental delay. We reviewed the literature for 2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria and found six other patients with the D-isomer and 24 patients with the L-isomer. Although the clinical spectrum of this inborn error of metabolism is variable, the ...
Lanska M J - - 1996
This population-based, retrospective cohort study of neonatal seizures included all 16,428 neonates born to residents of Fayette County, Kentucky, from 1985 to 1989. Eighty potential cases were ascertained by computer search of hospital-based medical record systems, birth certificate data files, and multiple-cause-of-death mortality data files. Medical records for potential cases ...
Dubovsky S L - - 1996
Three cases in which patients who were taking fluoxetine for relief of depression showed patterns of abnormal movements suggestive of tardive dyskinesia are presented. In the first case, abnormal facial movements began four weeks after fluoxetine was added to doxepin and lithium and remitted after fluoxetine was discontinued. In the ...
Gold A E - - 1996
To describe a case of cortical blindness and cerebral infarction associated with severe hypoglycemia. The possible pathogenesis of the neurological defects is discussed.
Gurecki P J - - 1996
The epidermal nevus syndrome (ENS) is an unusual neurocutaneous disorder consisting of the combination of an epidermal nevus and a central nervous system (CNS), ophthalmological, and/or skeletal abnormality. The study reports four new patients with ENS. Each had a confirmatory biopsy of the epidermal nevus, abnormal neurological examination findings, and ...
Hsieh P F - - 1996
Controversy exists over the pathophysiology of Tourette syndrome (TS). The case reported is a 37-year-old unmarried man suffering from both TS and complex partial epilepsy (CPE). He began to have seizures at 2-3 months of age. The CPE featured dark vision, dizziness, followed by unresponsiveness, a blank stare, occasional loss ...
Borum R - - 1996
Although epilepsy-related violence can occur, accounts of criminal behavior caused by epilepsy remain rare and unconvincing. The authors describe a case of apparent postictal aggression, resulting in felony assault charges, by a patient who had nocturnal complex partial seizures, followed by what appeared to be sleepwalking and periods of postictal ...
López J I - - 1996
A case of meningioangiomatosis occurring in a 15-year-old boy is reported. The patient did not show signs of neurofibromatosis on physical examination, and his medical history included only one previous episode of loss of consciousness, which was accompanied by a self-limited focal seizure. The lesion was associated with an oligodendroglioma ...
Hayashi M - - 1996
A 15-year-old boy with sequelae of perinatal asphyxia experienced intractable startle-induced epileptic seizures, which were transiently suppressed with episodic vomiting. His vomiting was associated with adrenocorticotropin and antidiuretic hormone discharge, and the alteration of urinary catecholamine excretion, which might modulate epileptic seizures. Because startle-induced epileptic seizures are resistant to conventional ...
Francia A - - 1996
The case of a 52-year-old man with an ataxicspastic syndrome associated with dystonia, faciobuccolingual dyskinesias and partial epileptic seizures is reported. Neurological imaging showed aspecific brain stem parenchymal alterations. Cerebellar biopsy revealed calcifications and the accumulation of perivascular acid mucopolysaccharides compatible with a diagnosis of "Calcinosis Nucleorum Cerebri", with the ...
Moss T H - - 1996
Four autopsied cases of myoclonus, ataxia, and epilepsy from 2 separate pedigrees are described. An identical pattern of focal brainstem lesions was found in all the cases with selective and symmetrical degeneration of the dentate and second order somatosensory nuclei. The combined clinical and pathological features did not appear to ...
Wyllie E - - 1996
We report an infant who had successful epilepsy surgery for intractable infantile spasms in the setting of bilateral periventricular leukomalacia and remote germinal matrix hemorrhage. Although MRI gave evidence of a diffuse cerebral insult and EEG showed hypsarrhythmia, focal epileptogenicity was suggested by previous partial seizures with onset over the ...
Cooper P N - - 1996
Fronto-temporal dementia is a clinical syndrome with a number of pathological substrates, including frontal lobe degeneration, Pick's disease, and motor neuron disease with dementia; it also includes patients with a primary progressive language disorder. Twenty-four brains were examined, using immunohistochemistry for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ferritin. Five cases ...
Grimmett W G - - 1996
We report the first case of intravenous self-poisoning with Thiodan (30% endosulfan in xylene). A 28-year-old woman with a past history of epilepsy presented with refractory grand mal seizures after injecting 1 mL of Thiodan intravenously. She developed liver dysfunction, proximal myopathy secondary to rhabdomyolysis and renal failure. The seizures ...
Shorvon S D - - 1996
In developed countries, the incidence of epilepsy is 50-100 cases per 100,000 population per year and the prevalence is approximately 5 to 8 cases per 1,000 population. Epilepsy is by far the most prevalent serious neurologic condition. Mortality rates in epilepsy are two to four times those found in matched ...
Li L M - - 1995
We report the case of a patient with trisomy 21 (T21) with late onset epilepsy. The electroclinical features were of myoclonic jerks on awakening and generalised tonic clonic seizures, with generalised spike and wave on EEG, and a progressive dementia. As familial Alzheimer's dementia and progressive myoclonic epilepsy (Unverricht-Lundborg type) ...
Harrell-Bruder B - - 1995
Composition C-4 (C-4) is a plastic explosive widely used in both military and civilian settings. Ingestion of the active ingredient, RDX (cyclonite), can cause generalized seizures. Accidental and intentional C-4 (RDX) intoxications have occurred during manufacture or in wartime. In the literature the intentional ingestion of C-4 has been reported ...
Rolland Y - - 1995
Opercular malformations are rare and complex brain malformations for which only very fragmented neuropathological descriptions have been reported. They are related to an abnormal development of both sylvian fissure and frontoparietal operculum. We report a retrospective clinical and MRI study of 11 patients presenting with opercular malformations. A congenital pseudobulbar ...
Lin Y Y - - 1995
A case of startle epilepsy, induced by an unexpected touch on the left shoulder of a 3.5 year old boy, was investigated. The startle epilepsy manifested as an atonic drop attack. Neurological examination revealed a mild hemiparesis on the left side. Computed tomography (CT) scanning demonstrated an enhancement over the ...
Quirk J A - - 1995
We undertook a prospective nationwide study to determine the incidence of photosensitive epilepsy (PE). Virtually all EEG departments in Great Britain (providing approximately 90% coverage of all EEGs performed on people with newly diagnosed seizures) screened cases referred to them over a 3 month period and identified all new cases ...
Kloos R T - - 1995
Spontaneous periodic hypothermia is a rare syndrome of recurrent, centrally mediated hypothermia without an identifiable systemic cause or brain lesion. Most patients defend a temporarily lowered temperature "set point" during episodes of hypothermia, despite manifesting many well-known systemic consequences of core temperature hypothermia. No case of death directly attributable to ...
Hughes J R - - 1995
This case report refers to a patient with PLEDs whose EEGs did not change while on steady levels of phenytoin and phenobarbital, but showed a complete disappearance of these discharges when felbamate was used. This report may serve to remind EEG'ers and epileptologists that the acute use of this drug ...
Ohtahara S - - 1995
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is regarded as a model of the epileptic syndrome because of its specific clinicoelectrical manifestation. However, a close investigation reveals that its outline is somewhat vague, having the borderland around it. Precise diagnosis in an individual case is not always easy. In this paper, the diagnostic criteria ...
Upton D - - 1995
It has been demonstrated previously that performance on the modified Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (Nelson, 1976) is compromised by hippocampal sclerosis, particularly of the right hemisphere (Corcoran and Upton, 1993). Further evidence in support of this claim is presented here in the form of a case study. The findings from ...
Sugita K - - 1995
We report the 3rd case in the literature of a 3-year-old boy with D-2-hydroxyglutaric (D-2-HG) aciduria, who presented primarily generalized hypotonia and feeding difficulty during the neonatal period, with eventual development of generalized myoclonic seizures. Gas chromatographic analysis of urinary organic acids showed persistent excretion of D-2-HG. The clinical manifestations ...
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