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Results 301 - 350 of 593
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Sisodiya S M - - 2000
Malformations of cortical development (MCD) are responsible for many cases of refractory epilepsy in adults and children. The results of surgical treatment are difficult to assess from the published literature. Judging from the limited number of adequately reported cases, approximately 40% of all cases of MCD treated surgically may be ...
Nottmeier E W - - 2000
The authors report on the case of a 29-year-old man who presented with new-onset, generalized tonic-clonic seizures 11 years after being treated with a halo orthosis for a neurologically intact C-7 fracture. Neuroimaging and surgical findings indicated that the epileptic focus was scar tissue, which developed secondary to halo pin ...
Biswas K - - 2000
Precocious puberty resulting from hypothalamic hamartoma is well known. Neurofibromatosis type 1 can also present with precocious puberty. However, hypothalamic hamartoma as the cause of precocious puberty in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 has never been described in the literature. This rare occurrence of these two together in a patient ...
del Carmen García - - 2000
Purpose: Paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia (PNKD) should be included in the list of differential diagnosis in patients with refractory epilepsy. Although the pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie this disorder remain controversial, it is now accepted that the basal ganglia are the anatomical substrate responsible for it.Material and methods: We report a 16-year-old ...
Deonna T - - 2000
Based on a review of the literature and a detailed longitudinal single case study of a child with early onset gelastic seizures and hypothalamic hamartoma, the authors review the arguments suggesting that the acquired cognitive and behavioral symptoms seen in the majority of cases of this special epileptic syndrome result ...
Giordano M - - 2000
Hyponatremia represents a common electrolyte disorder in postoperative patients. Headache, nausea, emesis, weakness and lethargy are all consistent symptoms of hyponatremia in children. Among the neurologic symptoms that are infrequently seen in severe hyponatremic pediatric patients seizure is included while visual disorders are not. We report a case of an ...
Ashkenazi A - - 2000
Bilateral motor seizures with retained consciousness are rare and often mistaken for pseudoseizures. In the few reported cases, the seizures were brief and the underlying lesion usually was a tumor. Here the authors describe a patient with bilateral focal motor status epilepticus with retained consciousness after a stroke. A seizure ...
Misawa A - - 2000
FK506-related leukoencephalopathy has been reported to be reversible and readily treated by discontinuation or reduction of FK506. We describe two pediatric cases of FK506-related leukoencephalopathy following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, which could not be readily controlled. These cases show that FK506-related leukoencephalopathy is not always reversible, and patients may develop ...
Veneselli E - - 2000
We reviewed the clinical and EEG features of 30 Italian patients with childhood-onset neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL). The outcome and the EEG pattern of the 4 infantile NCL cases were classic, although the age at onset of symptoms varied from 1.0 to 3.5 years. This latter finding is unusual and ...
White A V - - 2000
Two unrelated cases of childhood peripheral neuroblastoma associated with infantile seizures and developmental problems (but without opsoclonus-myoclonus) are presented. The considerable body of evidence supporting the view that the opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome associated with neuroblastoma has an immunologic basis is reviewed. Patients with neuroblastoma and opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome commonly have subsequent developmental ...
Wandra T - - 2000
Historically, neurocysticercosis (NCC) caused by the larval stage, cysticercus or cysticerci, of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium was recognized in Paniai District, western Irian Jaya Province, Indonesia, in the early 1970s. In the 1990s, we observed a rapid increase in the number of cases of epileptic seizures and burns in ...
Cole A J - - 2000
While primary, or idiopathic, epilepsies may exist, in the vast majority of cases epilepsy is a symptom of an underlying brain disease or injury. In these cases, it is difficult if not impossible to dissociate the consequences of epilepsy from the consequences of the underlying disease, the treatment of either ...
Dietz T E - - 2000
Transient focal neurological deficits have been described in sojourners to high altitude. We present two cases of transient expressive aphasia in well-acclimatized high altitude climbers. We speculate that this type of transient focal neurological impairment may represent migraine aura, and we discuss other reports of transient focal neurological deficit at ...
Wild J M - - 1999
PURPOSE: Vigabatrin (VGB) therapy is associated with a loss of peripheral vision. The characteristics and prevalence of VGB-attributed visual field loss (V-AVFL) and associated risk factors were evaluated in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: The material comprised the visual fields and case notes of 88 patients with suspected V-AVFL (25 spontaneous ...
Fujii T - - 1999
We describe a patient who developed a severe but temporally limited retrograde amnesia coupled with a relatively mild anterograde amnesia following herpes simplex encephalitis. The patient showed a profound retrograde amnesia for autobiographical events extending for about 10 years prior to the disease onset. Her knowledge about public events and ...
Petit J - - 1999
We report the clinical history and the video-EEG recordings of three young adults with r(20), who exhibited repeated episodes of non-convulsive status epilepticus, often triggered by emotional events. This recognizable clinical entity associates a slight mental deficiency, behavioural disorder and epilepsy, often resistant to treatment and with a particular clinical ...
Parrent A G - - 1999
The author presents the case of a patient with gelastic seizures associated with a hypothalamic hamartoma, in whom partial resection of the hamartoma followed by temporal lobectomy and orbitofrontal corticectomy failed to reduce the seizures. Subsequent stereotactic radiofrequency ablation of the hamartoma resulted in progressive improvement in the seizure disorder ...
Gee M R - - 1999
This case is presented to: a) emphasize the importance of a careful history, including interviewing witnesses and considering a complete differential diagnosis when evaluating aviators with a history of an episode of altered consciousness; and b) demonstrate an appropriate use of literature review, subspecialty consultations, and U.S. Air Force Aeromedical ...
Conca A - - 1999
We report the case of a patient suffering from dysthymia. He underwent successful ECT treatment and was medicated with nefazodone and midazolam. Comparing the EEG and motor seizure duration in the periods with and without midazolam, no significant differences were recorded, but the dosage of thiopental and of succinylcholine had ...
Schmitt H - - 1999
We report detection of an epileptic mirror focus approximately 2 h after administration of oral clonidine 150 micrograms in a patient with an intractable complex partial seizure disorder. The specific epileptic activity was documented by electroencephalographic (EEG) and magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings. The case illustrates a possible role of clonidine in ...
Moran N F - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the clinical features and response to treatment of supratentorial cavernomas associated with epilepsy. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was carried out and a retrospective case series of patients with cavernoma diagnosed by MRI and/or histology was compiled. Patient selection biases in the literature review were ...
Sawhney I M - - 1999
A population-based case control study and monthly follow-up of 121 registered epilepsy cases was conducted during 1995-1997 in a resettlement colony of Chandigarh, India. History of various tentative risk factors, e.g. trauma, febrile seizures, family history of seizures, alcohol intake and other possible causes was elicited. An age- and sex-matched ...
Treiman D M - - 1999
The essence of the epilepsy defense is the argument that a crime was committed as a result of the perpetrator having epilepsy, and thus that he or she should not be held responsible for a violent crime. Neurologists are frequently asked to pass judgment regarding whether an alleged act may ...
Giza C C - - 1999
A young female presented with an epileptic syndrome resembling childhood absence epilepsy, a normal neurologic examination, generalized 3-Hz spike-and-wave discharges, and clinical absences. Her seizures responded to treatment with valproic acid. Other abnormalities in her electroencephalogram prompted neuroimaging studies, which demonstrated periventricular nodular heterotopia. Review of published reports confirmed this ...
Wennberg R - - 1999
We report two cases of transient epileptic foci in humans associated with placement of intracranial electrodes. The abnormalities consisted of restricted areas of active, almost continuous, rhythmic spiking, intermittently evolving into electrographic seizure activity, which resolved spontaneously within 3-4 days. The first occurred after placement of a subdural electrode grid ...
Parmeggiani A - - 1999
The association between posterior fossa malformations and epilepsy is rarely reported in the literature. We describe 54 cases with posterior fossa malformations, according to embryogenesis classification, divided into two groups on the basis of presence or absence of epilepsy. Epilepsy occurred in 22 cases (40.7%) and was not related to ...
Cable G G - - 1999
Agricultural pilots are involved in a particularly hazardous occupation with a high occupational mortality rate. They face many risks, not least of which is exposure to the agricultural chemicals that they spray. Many accidents and illnesses have been reported previously in the literature, attributable to the acute and chronic effects ...
Manonmani V - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIM OF STUDY: To determine the characteristics of newly diagnosed epilepsy in the multiracial population of Malaysia. METHODS: This is a prospective study of 165 consecutive newly diagnosed cases of epilepsy presenting to the neurology laboratory of the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur. The inclusion criteria were: two or more seizures ...
Mrvos R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This case describes a newborn who was accidentally given carboprost (Hemabate) 250 micrograms intramuscularly, the largest amount ever reported in a normal newborn. CASE REPORT: A full-term newborn was inadvertently given carboprost rather than his prescribed hepatitis vaccine. Within 15 minutes, he was tachypneic and hypertensive followed by bronchospasms ...
Parmeggiani A - - 1998
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is an effective anticonvulsant agent. Current literature reports describe several cases of seizure exacerbation and/or EEG worsening due to CBZ with a high prevalence in children and adolescents; we report 10 new cases. Nine patients had epilepsy; one showed delayed psychomotor development and frequent EEG paroxysmal abnormalities. Four ...
Stephen L J - - 1998
This case describes a man with progressive refractory epilepsy whose death was witnessed during a seizure. Initial brain imaging was normal, but following prolonged episodes of non-convulsive status epilepticus, progressive right-sided temporal atrophy developed over a period of two years. The clinical picture and postmortem examination were consistent with the ...
Yasuhara A - - 1998
Some anti-allergic agents act as histamine H1 antagonists and induce seizure discharges in epileptic patients. Of these agents, ketotifen has an especially potent effect. We have experienced 2 cases of 4-month-old boys who developed infantile spasms 8 to 10 days after ketotifen administration. They showed almost the same clinical course ...
Catalano G - - 1998
Buspirone is a novel anxiolytic agent that is commonly used in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Many studies have found it to be equal in efficacy to the benzodiazepines in the treatment of this illness. Its use has gained favor over the past few years because of its relatively ...
Neely J L - - 1998
Use of the serotonin uptake antidepressants is growing. These agents are thought to be safer than the tricyclic antidepressants, but clinicians should be aware that with overdoses, seizure activity and cardiac dysrhythmias have been reported in the medical literature. Physicians should be prepared to recognize and manage these overdosages. An ...
Kashihara K - - 1998
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a drug frequently used to treat variety of neurological diseases or symptoms. Among its adverse effects, auditory disturbance is described rarely. In the present report, we describe an 18-year-old girl who noted false lowering of perceived pitch after starting CBZ treatment for epilepsy, and review the literature ...
Towanabut S - - 1998
The prevalence of refractory partial seizure Thai patients at Prasat Neurological Institute was retrospectively from patient charts from January 1995-December 1996 and further prospectively analysed. All epileptic patients were screened by direct questions regarding the anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) regimen, the frequency, nature of seizure attacks and risk factors of seizure. ...
van de Warrenburg B P - - 1998
The linear naevus sebaceus syndrome (LNSS) is a phakomatosis, characterized in general by a triad consisting of naevus sebaceus of Jadassohn, seizures, and mental retardation. In addition, a broad spectrum of neurological, ophthalmological, skeletal, urogenital and cardiovascular symptoms may be encountered. According to our literature review, seizures and mental retardation ...
Engelborghs S - - 1998
This case report describes an 85 year-old woman who underwent a bilateral frontal lobotomy for presumed schizophrenia 50 years ago. The patient presented with sudden alterations of consciousness accompanied by motionless staring and speech and movement arrest. After 5 to 10 seconds, contact recovered briskly. As there was electrophysiological evidence ...
Ehara H - - 1998
An 8-year-old Japanese boy had Sakoda complex (basal encephalomeningocele, agenesis of the corpus callosum, and cleft lip and/or palate) associated with bilateral anophthalmia, dysgenesis of the cerebral cortex, severe mental retardation, and intractable epilepsy as core symptoms and hemiparesis, microcephalus, short stature, and hemivertebra. Tada and Nakamura described the first ...
Oka A - - 1998
We present a case of parietal lobe epilepsy, the epileptogenic focus of which was conspicuously demonstrated on magnetoencephalography (MEG). The remarkable fluctuation in the seizure frequency and the presence of atonic seizures were suggestive of atypical partial benign epilepsy of childhood (APBEC). An interictal positron emission tomography (PET) scan performed ...
Nashef L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To study the circumstances of death in sudden death in epilepsy. METHODS: Self referred bereaved relatives of patients with epilepsy who had died suddenly were interviewed with information obtained substantiated through other sources-namely, coroners' officers' reports, postmortem reports, previous medical records, and EEG reports. RESULTS: Of 34 cases, 26 ...
Donoghue M B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Intranasal desmopressin has been used extensively to treat primary nocturnal enuresis. While it has proven to be a safe, effective agent for many who are affected by this condition, the potential for complications exists. OBJECTIVES: To report a case of severe hyponatremia associated with a generalized tonic-clonic seizure in ...
Paris P A - - 1998
Bupropion, a relatively new antidepressant, is highly regarded for its safety profile in therapeutic doses and in the overdose. Seizure is the primary adverse reaction associated with bupropion overdoses. Clinically significant cardiovascular complications are rare. We report the case of an adult male who ingested 9 g bupropion and developed ...
McLachlan R S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A seizure is the most common cause of loss of driving privileges for medical reasons but there is variability in how physicians and the authorities who regulate driving approach this issue. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding epilepsy and driving was sent to all adult neurologists in Canada (n = 494). ...
Jallon P - - 1997
Arrhythmogenic seizures may represent one of the mechanisms implicated in sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. Various cardiac changes can be observed during epileptic seizures. However, reports of well-documented, life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias in the literature are scarce. The pathogenesis of these arrhythmias and speculations about the cortical localization of cardioarrhythmogenic triggers ...
Humbertclaude V T - - 1997
We report a case with hemimegalencephaly and catastrophic epilepsy treated early at 4 months by functional hemispherectomy. The boy had intractable continuous epilepsy, with seizures every 10 min, hemiparesis and absence of psychomotor acquisition. Three years after hemispherectomy, the boy is seizure free and has a mild psychomotor delay. Hemiparesis ...
Diomedi M - - 1997
We report the case of a 41 year-old woman with a slight mental retardation and epilepsy. MRI showed a diffuse subependymal heterotopia. The cognitive level supports the view that the ectopic cells are probably not important for the normal cortical functions but that they are likely able to maintain some ...
Yalçin A D - - 1997
Childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (CEOP) is an idiopathic localization-related epilepsy. A typical seizure in CEOP begins with visual symptoms, followed by hemiclonic seizures, complex partial seizures or generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Benign nocturnal childhood occipital epilepsy (BNCOE), characterized by nocturnal seizures with tonic deviation of the eyes followed by vomiting, ...
Endziniene M - - 1997
The prevalence of epilepsy in children aged 0-15 years of Kaunas city, Lithuania, was evaluated on 1 January 1995. Multiple sources for case identification were used, i.e. medical records at the university hospital, regional outpatient clinics and consultation centres, institutions, schools and kindergartens for the handicapped. Active epilepsy was defined ...
McConnell H W - - 1997
A 16-year-old left-handed male is presented with a history of seizures associated with a fish-like odour and behavioural disturbances thought to be related to trimethylaminuria. His seizures were complex-partial (cursive) seizures and started at the age of 18 months. They occurred in the context of discrete episodes several times per ...
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