Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 611
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Veneselli E - - 2001
A previously unreported epileptic condition characterised by onset before 6 months of age, nearly continuous electroencephalographic seizures involving multiple independent areas originating in both hemispheres, no identifiable cause, and poor outcome has been described by Coppola et al. We report three cases presenting the same clinical and EEG pictures. They ...
Valentini P - - 2001
Interferon-treated patients can present seizures, which in most paediatric cases are related to fever. The case of chronic hepatitis C is described in which Interferon probably disclosed a latent epilepsy. The hypothesis is advanced that seizures can be provoked by Interferon therapy in subjects with a low convulsant threshold and, ...
Amato C - - 2001
We report the case of an 18-year-old woman who presented a long-lasting cluster of partial seizures, and MRI cortical abnormalities localized in the left parietal lobe. The MRI changes correlated with the site of the epileptogenic focus, and disappeared within 2 weeks. The recognition of these reversible MRI abnormalities, which ...
Azzoni A - - 2001
The paper describes a case of neurocutaneous melanosis (NM), with mental retardation, chronic psychosis, and epilepsy possibly due to a temporal focus. This is the first report of NM associated with a severe and chronic psychosis. It is likely that such an association has not previously been described because of ...
Koutroumanidis M - - 2001
The unusual case of newly-emerged bilateral myoclonus in a 39-year-old man following anterior temporal lobectomy, which cured his temporal lobe epilepsy, is reported. The possible causes and differential diagnosis between epileptic and non-epileptic myoclonus following epilepsy surgery are presented and a brief review of the available literature on the subject ...
Hickman S J - - 2001
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has enabled ante mortem diagnosis of Hallervorden Spatz disease (HSD). Childhood-onset cases are the most common type and usually present with progressive dystonia and dementia. The duration of illness is 15 to 20 years, leading to death. Presentation in adulthood and infancy have also been reported, ...
Benlounis A - - 2001
PURPOSE: To address genetic predisposition to febrile convulsions (FCs) and epilepsy as an etiologic background of severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI). METHODS: Familial antecedents of epilepsy and FCs were analyzed in four groups of patients with SMEI (65 cases), FCs (57 cases), childhood absences (67 cases), and a control ...
Luan G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Resecting epileptogenic foci combined with bipolar electrocoagulation of functional cortex has been successfully used to treat intractable epilepsy. METHOD: 124 cases with intractable epilepsy have been treated from 1996 to 1999, 75 cases with temporal lobe epilepsy and 48 cases with extra-temporal lobe epilepsy, and one case with infantile ...
Kramer U - - 2001
Refractory gelastic seizures are often associated with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH). Presurgical evaluation in such children often points to a distinct cortical region as the source of the seizures. A case of a child with HH and refractory seizures is presented. Video-EEG monitoring revealed a well-defined epileptic focus in the left ...
Margono S S - - 2001
Cysticercosis caused by the larval stage, cysticercus or cysticerci, of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium was recognized at first in Bali and in Paniai District, Irian Jaya (Papua), Indonesia in the 1970s. In the 1990s a rapid increase in the number of the cases of epileptic seizures and burns in ...
Simpson C S - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The Insertable Loop Recorder (ILR) has emerged as an important new tool in the diagnostic armamentarium for patients with syncope. METHODS AND RESULTS: A case report illustrates how the ILR unexpectedly led to the diagnosis of seizure as the explanation for a man's recurrent, but infrequent episodes of sudden ...
Kida Y - - 2000
Among 462 cases of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) treated with gamma-radiosurgery, the initial presentations were haemorrhage in 68%, epilepsy in 12.8%, neurological deficits in 3.2%, minor symptoms in 7.6% and asymptomatic in 4.5% respectively. There were 79 cases (17.1%) who had had a convulsive seizure before radiosurgery and they were ...
Abdulla A - - 2000
Clostridium sordellii is rarely associated with disease in humans. Since its first report in 1922 only a few cases of bacteraemia have been reported. This report describes two cases of C sordellii bacteraemia; the oldest and youngest patients reported to date. The first, is a previously well 81 year old ...
Riesgo R D - - 2000
Benign rolandic epilepsy (BRE) is known for its dissociation from structural alterations. Nevertheless, the number of cases with reported organic lesions has been increasing. This led to the creation of two subgroups, "benign" and "non benign" BRE, and resulted in the need for additional parameters to define electrographic benignity. We ...
Wright J J Bradford Hospitals NHS Trust, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Duckworth Lane, Bradford BD9 6RJ, UK. - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of epilepsy and seizure disorders in Bradford. The method used was a community-based cross-sectional study. Case ascertainment was by review of medical records identified by searching practice databases using diagnostic codes and from repeat prescribing data. A ...
Loreto V - - 2000
In this paper, three more cases of eating-induced seizures are reported. We have obtained ictal video-electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings for two patients, which confirm the heterogeneity of ictal semiology of these seizures. However, in all the cases the inclusion of this kind of reflex epilepsy (RE) among the localization-related epilepsies (LRE) ...
Sisodiya S M - - 2000
Malformations of cortical development (MCD) are responsible for many cases of refractory epilepsy in adults and children. The results of surgical treatment are difficult to assess from the published literature. Judging from the limited number of adequately reported cases, approximately 40% of all cases of MCD treated surgically may be ...
Nottmeier E W - - 2000
The authors report on the case of a 29-year-old man who presented with new-onset, generalized tonic-clonic seizures 11 years after being treated with a halo orthosis for a neurologically intact C-7 fracture. Neuroimaging and surgical findings indicated that the epileptic focus was scar tissue, which developed secondary to halo pin ...
Biswas K - - 2000
Precocious puberty resulting from hypothalamic hamartoma is well known. Neurofibromatosis type 1 can also present with precocious puberty. However, hypothalamic hamartoma as the cause of precocious puberty in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 has never been described in the literature. This rare occurrence of these two together in a patient ...
del Carmen García - - 2000
Purpose: Paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia (PNKD) should be included in the list of differential diagnosis in patients with refractory epilepsy. Although the pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie this disorder remain controversial, it is now accepted that the basal ganglia are the anatomical substrate responsible for it.Material and methods: We report a 16-year-old ...
Deonna T - - 2000
Based on a review of the literature and a detailed longitudinal single case study of a child with early onset gelastic seizures and hypothalamic hamartoma, the authors review the arguments suggesting that the acquired cognitive and behavioral symptoms seen in the majority of cases of this special epileptic syndrome result ...
Giordano M - - 2000
Hyponatremia represents a common electrolyte disorder in postoperative patients. Headache, nausea, emesis, weakness and lethargy are all consistent symptoms of hyponatremia in children. Among the neurologic symptoms that are infrequently seen in severe hyponatremic pediatric patients seizure is included while visual disorders are not. We report a case of an ...
Ashkenazi A - - 2000
Bilateral motor seizures with retained consciousness are rare and often mistaken for pseudoseizures. In the few reported cases, the seizures were brief and the underlying lesion usually was a tumor. Here the authors describe a patient with bilateral focal motor status epilepticus with retained consciousness after a stroke. A seizure ...
Misawa A - - 2000
FK506-related leukoencephalopathy has been reported to be reversible and readily treated by discontinuation or reduction of FK506. We describe two pediatric cases of FK506-related leukoencephalopathy following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, which could not be readily controlled. These cases show that FK506-related leukoencephalopathy is not always reversible, and patients may develop ...
Veneselli E - - 2000
We reviewed the clinical and EEG features of 30 Italian patients with childhood-onset neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL). The outcome and the EEG pattern of the 4 infantile NCL cases were classic, although the age at onset of symptoms varied from 1.0 to 3.5 years. This latter finding is unusual and ...
White A V - - 2000
Two unrelated cases of childhood peripheral neuroblastoma associated with infantile seizures and developmental problems (but without opsoclonus-myoclonus) are presented. The considerable body of evidence supporting the view that the opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome associated with neuroblastoma has an immunologic basis is reviewed. Patients with neuroblastoma and opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome commonly have subsequent developmental ...
Wandra T - - 2000
Historically, neurocysticercosis (NCC) caused by the larval stage, cysticercus or cysticerci, of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium was recognized in Paniai District, western Irian Jaya Province, Indonesia, in the early 1970s. In the 1990s, we observed a rapid increase in the number of cases of epileptic seizures and burns in ...
Cole A J - - 2000
While primary, or idiopathic, epilepsies may exist, in the vast majority of cases epilepsy is a symptom of an underlying brain disease or injury. In these cases, it is difficult if not impossible to dissociate the consequences of epilepsy from the consequences of the underlying disease, the treatment of either ...
Dietz T E - - 2000
Transient focal neurological deficits have been described in sojourners to high altitude. We present two cases of transient expressive aphasia in well-acclimatized high altitude climbers. We speculate that this type of transient focal neurological impairment may represent migraine aura, and we discuss other reports of transient focal neurological deficit at ...
Wild J M - - 1999
PURPOSE: Vigabatrin (VGB) therapy is associated with a loss of peripheral vision. The characteristics and prevalence of VGB-attributed visual field loss (V-AVFL) and associated risk factors were evaluated in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: The material comprised the visual fields and case notes of 88 patients with suspected V-AVFL (25 spontaneous ...
Fujii T - - 1999
We describe a patient who developed a severe but temporally limited retrograde amnesia coupled with a relatively mild anterograde amnesia following herpes simplex encephalitis. The patient showed a profound retrograde amnesia for autobiographical events extending for about 10 years prior to the disease onset. Her knowledge about public events and ...
Petit J - - 1999
We report the clinical history and the video-EEG recordings of three young adults with r(20), who exhibited repeated episodes of non-convulsive status epilepticus, often triggered by emotional events. This recognizable clinical entity associates a slight mental deficiency, behavioural disorder and epilepsy, often resistant to treatment and with a particular clinical ...
Parrent A G - - 1999
The author presents the case of a patient with gelastic seizures associated with a hypothalamic hamartoma, in whom partial resection of the hamartoma followed by temporal lobectomy and orbitofrontal corticectomy failed to reduce the seizures. Subsequent stereotactic radiofrequency ablation of the hamartoma resulted in progressive improvement in the seizure disorder ...
Gee M R - - 1999
This case is presented to: a) emphasize the importance of a careful history, including interviewing witnesses and considering a complete differential diagnosis when evaluating aviators with a history of an episode of altered consciousness; and b) demonstrate an appropriate use of literature review, subspecialty consultations, and U.S. Air Force Aeromedical ...
Conca A - - 1999
We report the case of a patient suffering from dysthymia. He underwent successful ECT treatment and was medicated with nefazodone and midazolam. Comparing the EEG and motor seizure duration in the periods with and without midazolam, no significant differences were recorded, but the dosage of thiopental and of succinylcholine had ...
Schmitt H - - 1999
We report detection of an epileptic mirror focus approximately 2 h after administration of oral clonidine 150 micrograms in a patient with an intractable complex partial seizure disorder. The specific epileptic activity was documented by electroencephalographic (EEG) and magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings. The case illustrates a possible role of clonidine in ...
Moran N F - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the clinical features and response to treatment of supratentorial cavernomas associated with epilepsy. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was carried out and a retrospective case series of patients with cavernoma diagnosed by MRI and/or histology was compiled. Patient selection biases in the literature review were ...
Sawhney I M - - 1999
A population-based case control study and monthly follow-up of 121 registered epilepsy cases was conducted during 1995-1997 in a resettlement colony of Chandigarh, India. History of various tentative risk factors, e.g. trauma, febrile seizures, family history of seizures, alcohol intake and other possible causes was elicited. An age- and sex-matched ...
Treiman D M - - 1999
The essence of the epilepsy defense is the argument that a crime was committed as a result of the perpetrator having epilepsy, and thus that he or she should not be held responsible for a violent crime. Neurologists are frequently asked to pass judgment regarding whether an alleged act may ...
Giza C C - - 1999
A young female presented with an epileptic syndrome resembling childhood absence epilepsy, a normal neurologic examination, generalized 3-Hz spike-and-wave discharges, and clinical absences. Her seizures responded to treatment with valproic acid. Other abnormalities in her electroencephalogram prompted neuroimaging studies, which demonstrated periventricular nodular heterotopia. Review of published reports confirmed this ...
Wennberg R - - 1999
We report two cases of transient epileptic foci in humans associated with placement of intracranial electrodes. The abnormalities consisted of restricted areas of active, almost continuous, rhythmic spiking, intermittently evolving into electrographic seizure activity, which resolved spontaneously within 3-4 days. The first occurred after placement of a subdural electrode grid ...
Parmeggiani A - - 1999
The association between posterior fossa malformations and epilepsy is rarely reported in the literature. We describe 54 cases with posterior fossa malformations, according to embryogenesis classification, divided into two groups on the basis of presence or absence of epilepsy. Epilepsy occurred in 22 cases (40.7%) and was not related to ...
Cable G G - - 1999
Agricultural pilots are involved in a particularly hazardous occupation with a high occupational mortality rate. They face many risks, not least of which is exposure to the agricultural chemicals that they spray. Many accidents and illnesses have been reported previously in the literature, attributable to the acute and chronic effects ...
Manonmani V - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIM OF STUDY: To determine the characteristics of newly diagnosed epilepsy in the multiracial population of Malaysia. METHODS: This is a prospective study of 165 consecutive newly diagnosed cases of epilepsy presenting to the neurology laboratory of the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur. The inclusion criteria were: two or more seizures ...
Mrvos R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This case describes a newborn who was accidentally given carboprost (Hemabate) 250 micrograms intramuscularly, the largest amount ever reported in a normal newborn. CASE REPORT: A full-term newborn was inadvertently given carboprost rather than his prescribed hepatitis vaccine. Within 15 minutes, he was tachypneic and hypertensive followed by bronchospasms ...
- - 1999
Abstract LESBIAN SELF-(RE)PRESENTATION: CLOTHES ENCOUNTERS AND DEFINING LOOKS. Reviewed by Lynda Hall. STALE IDENTITY POLITICS. Reviewed by María Dolores Costa. EXPLORING LESBIAN CULTURE. Reviewed by Angela Simon. AMONGST THE OUT-FIELDERS. Reviewed by Wendy Mee. "LOVE AND COMING OUT." Reviewed by Lynn A. Walkiewicz.
Stephen L J - - 1998
This case describes a man with progressive refractory epilepsy whose death was witnessed during a seizure. Initial brain imaging was normal, but following prolonged episodes of non-convulsive status epilepticus, progressive right-sided temporal atrophy developed over a period of two years. The clinical picture and postmortem examination were consistent with the ...
Yasuhara A - - 1998
Some anti-allergic agents act as histamine H1 antagonists and induce seizure discharges in epileptic patients. Of these agents, ketotifen has an especially potent effect. We have experienced 2 cases of 4-month-old boys who developed infantile spasms 8 to 10 days after ketotifen administration. They showed almost the same clinical course ...
Parmeggiani A A Department of Child Neurology and Psychiatry, Neurological Institute, University of Bologna, - - 1998
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is an effective anticonvulsant agent. Current literature reports describe several cases of seizure exacerbation and/or EEG worsening due to CBZ with a high prevalence in children and adolescents; we report 10 new cases. Nine patients had epilepsy; one showed delayed psychomotor development and frequent EEG paroxysmal abnormalities. Four ...
Catalano G - - 1998
Buspirone is a novel anxiolytic agent that is commonly used in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Many studies have found it to be equal in efficacy to the benzodiazepines in the treatment of this illness. Its use has gained favor over the past few years because of its relatively ...
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