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Armelisasso C C Institute of Neurology, Catholic University of Rome, Policlinico Agostino Gemelli, Rome, - - 2004
Hypoparathyroidism, a life threatening disorder, occurs when insufficient parathyroid hormone is produced to maintain extracellular calcium levels within the normal range. The acute clinical signs and symptoms of hypoparathyroidism are the same as those of hypocalcemia, ranging from tingling to intractable generalized tonic-clonic seizures; therefore, it can be mistaken for ...
Onenli-Mungan Neslihan - - 2004
Hyperprolinemia type II (HP II) is a rare inherited metabolic disease due to the deficiency of pyroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase. It is generally believed to be a benign condition although some patients have neurological problems such as refractory convulsions. Here we report a six-year-old girl with HP II who admitted to our ...
Puligheddu Monica M Department of Cardiovascular and Neurological Sciences, University of Cagliari, SS 554, Bivio Sestu, 09042 Monserrato, Cagliari, - - 2004
Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a world-wide, diffuse, non-epidemic infection caused by the Gram-negative bacillus Bartonella henselae. The occurrence of encephalopathy represents an infrequent and atypical complication, whose manifestations include ischemic strokes, transverse myelitis and epileptic seizures. Status epilepticus has been described as the most frequent emergency in CSD encephalopathy. ...
Ances Beau M - - 2004
We review the literature concerning the initial presentation of neurosyphilis in status epilepticus (SE) and provide an additional case of a 41-year-old male with no past medical history of seizures who presented in status epilepticus with subsequent laboratory confirmation of neurosyphilis. Neurosyphilis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ...
Dodrill Carl B - - 2004
The neuropsychological effects of seizures, including an accumulation of single attacks, on mental abilities are explored through a selective review of the world's literature. Each paper included in this review was longitudinal in nature, and in each case, formal psychological testing was accomplished both at the beginning and at the ...
Cuenca Peter John - - 2004
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely used in the community for treating many forms of mental illness. Citalopram, a newer generation SSRI, is commonly prescribed but, despite its low toxicity profile, has a danger of seizure and dysrhythmias in overdose. This case report documents the key aspects in treatment ...
DellaBadia J J - - 2004
Although most human cases of West Nile (WN) fever are benign, approximately 1% produce severe neurological illness. Meningitis and/or encephalitis comprise 75% of hospitalized cases with seizures in 10-15%. Occipital lobe seizures, often mimicking other primary seizure types due to extra-occipital spread, is uncommon in adults and especially so from ...
Binder Devin K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the history of Robert Bentley Todd (1809-1860) and certain of his contributions to medicine, including his original and subsequent descriptions of "epileptic hemiplegia," which came to be called "Todd's paralysis." METHODS: The author conducted a comprehensive review of English-language literature, modern and historical, related to "Todd's paralysis" ...
Smith Joseph R - - 2004
Clinical and electrographic data were reviewed on 2 of our patients with orbitofrontal epilepsy who were seizure free at 5-year follow-up, and on 2 similar patients from the literature. One of our patients was lesional, and the other was nonlesional. Interictal EEG discharges were lateralized to the side of invasively ...
Renier Willy O - - 2004
Spitting as a seizure manifestation is described in an autistic child with a mild expression of epilepsy. Spitting became a predominant automatism of in seizure manifestation. In contrast to most cases in the literature, the epileptic discharges were localized in the left temporal lobe, an uncommon side to cause spitting ...
Nägga Katarina - - 2004
Dementia has been found to display a more heterogeneous clinical picture than previously recognized. We investigated brain changes on computed tomography (CT) in a clinical dementia population consisting of 67 cases with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 13 with mixed dementia (AD and vascular dementia, VaD), 71 with VaD, and 12 cases ...
Aydin Adem A Department of Pediatrics, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, 35530 Karşiyaka, Turkey. - - 2004
Thyroxine-induced epilepsy is a very rare condition occurring in epileptic patients. Here we report a boy with thyroxine-induced hypermotor seizure (HMS) following thyroxine administration for his central hypothyroidism secondary to surgery and cranial radiation for his brain tumor. After 3 years seizure-free period, he had repeated HMS, seven to eight ...
Chemmanam T - - 2003
We present a case of a boy with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) who presented with features of non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). This case highlights the fact that NCSE, even though not a common occurrence in JME, should be kept in mind when a patient with previous history of seizures presents ...
Striano S - - 2003
Peripheral distal neuropathy associated with hypoglycemia secondary to insulinoma is quite rare. So far, less than 40 cases have been reported in literature. In this report, we describe a 50-year-old patient with insulinoma-polineuropathy and neuropsychiatric symptoms, interpreted as temporal lobe epilepsy, over the preceding 7 years. Due to the variability ...
Chaudhuri Abhijit - - 2003
Hashimoto's encephalopathy may present with a wide variety of different neurological symptoms and signs. These include recurrent severe migrainous headache, psychoses, seizures, ataxia, dementia, stupor and coma. We present a personal series of 18 adult patients with Hashimoto's encephalopathy and a review of the literature in this paper. The natural ...
Goto T - - 2003
A 29-year-old man had two episodes of seizures in 9 months. Following the first seizure he developed hemiparesis, which gradually progressed. Investigations revealed a large cerebral convexity mass lesion simulating a meningioma. During operation, a reddish-brown and well-defined tumor located in the subarachnoid space was encountered. Histopathological examination revealed a ...
Fraser J F - - 2003
A case of initial presentation and diagnosis of hereditary coproporphyria is described, following a patient's first seizure in the surgical ward, where she had been admitted for investigation of abdominal pains. The frequency of seizures, motor neuropathy and florid visual hallucinations worsened over the subsequent days, until the definitive investigations ...
Landau Mark E - - 2003
The clinical features of Juvenile Huntington's Disease (J-HD) differ from those of the more common adult-onset form, and include cognitive decline, parkinsonism, myoclonus and seizures. A paucity of literature is available describing the electroencephalographic (EEG) findings. We describe the clinical and EEG characteristics of a patient with genetically confirmed J-HD. ...
Fiorillo Loretta - - 2003
Incontinentia Pigmenti is an X-linked dominant neurocutaneous disorder with central nervous system manifestations in 30% of cases, including seizures and mental retardation. Ischemic or hemorrhagic cerebrovascular accidents have been reported rarely in incontinentia pigmenti. Chart review and literature search was performed following identification of the index case. We describe a ...
Letournel F - - 2003
Leucodystrophies of orthochromatic type are a heterogeneous group that occur mainly in childhood and have no known enzyme deficiency. We report here the clinicopathological features of a new family of orthochromatic leucodystrophy with three main characteristics: a probably autosomal dominant inheritance; two phenotypes based on age of onset; and very ...
Vialard François - - 2003
We describe here a patient with intrachromosomal triplication 15q11-q13, a rare chromosomal event associated with severe mental retardation and intractable epilepsy. Cytogenetic studies including FISH on interphasic nuclei showed that the middle segment of the triplication was inverted in orientation. Molecular analyses demonstrated that the rearrangement was of maternal origin. ...
Crews James C - - 2003
This case report describes a patient who demonstrated generalized seizure activity after an injection of 30 mL of levobupivacaine 0.5% for interscalene brachial plexus block. No evidence of cardiovascular toxicity was noted.
Josephs K A - - 2003
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is an autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder that rarely presents in adulthood, and is associated with cognitive decline, various movement disorders (ataxia, chorea, dystonia, and myoclonus), a vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (VSGP), and seizures. A recent case report demonstrated a delay in diagnosis of eight years ...
García Héctor H HH Department of Microbiology, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú. - - 2003
The prevalence and characteristics of human taeniasis/cysticercosis and porcine cysticercosis were assessed in an endemic area of the Peruvian highlands. Individuals from 10 communities had stool examinations (N = 2,951) and serologic testing for Taenia solium antibodies (N = 2,583). The total porcine population present (N = 703) was also ...
Froelich J - - 2003
We report the case of a two years old boy showing gelastic fits as the leading clinical symptom of a rare complex cerebral malformation with closed-lip schizencephaly, an arachnoid cyst and a partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. After 5 uneventful interictal electroencephalograms the patient underwent 24 h EEG with ...
Mani Jayanthi J Department of Neurology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, India. - - 2003
Generalised seizures are a common manifestation of acute alcohol intoxication. Alcohol is known to precipitate generalised seizures in patients with focal brain pathology. A rare case of secondarily generalised seizures precipitated by alcohol in a patient without an underlying focal brain lesion is reported. Electroencephalopgraphy (EEG) showed periodic lateralised epileptiform ...
Aliefendioğlu Didem - - 2003
Transient nonketotic hyperglycinemia is characterized by clinical and biochemical findings similar to those seen in classic nonketotic hyperglycinemia. Abnormalities in amino acids are partially or completely resolved in a period ranging from days to months. Almost all patients with the classic form of nonketotic hyperglycinemia survive with severe neurologic sequela, ...
McGrotty Y L - - 2003
A one-year-old, neutered female Skye terrier presented with anorexia, vomiting, seizures and ascites. Portal venography demonstrated the presence of multiple acquired portosystemic shunts. Hepatic biopsy confirmed the presence of copper accumulation and fibrosis. Treatment included ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, colchicine and oral zinc. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first ...
Oshima Tomohiro T Department of Neuropsychiatry, Aichi Medical University, 21 Yazako-Karimata, Nagakute, - - 2003
We report a case of graphogenic epilepsy as a variant of language-induced epilepsy. A 25-year-old, right-handed woman had noticed for the previous 10 years that writing almost always provoked jerks or a jerking sensation in her right hand. No other triggers, including facets of language function such as reading and ...
Greenberg Michael I - - 2003
Intrathecal baclofen is used as a muscle relaxant and antispasmodic in cases of spasticity resulting from central nervous system trauma. The baclofen withdrawal syndrome may include hyperthermia, tachycardia, hypertension, seizures, altered mental status, and psychomotor agitation. We report a case in which the removal of a baclofen pump lead tothe ...
Savargaonkar Pratima - - 2003
Meningioangiomatosis is a rare condition, probably hamartomatous, characterized by proliferation of capillary-sized vessels, meningothelial cells, and fibroblasts within the cortex of the brain. Lesions may be single or diffuse and may be associated with neurofibromatosis type II. Clinically it presents with seizures but may be asymptomatic throughout life. We report ...
Sander J W - - 2003
PURPOSE: To review the factors influencing prognosis of epilepsy in this era of antiepileptic drugs and surgical treatment. METHODS: Systematic review of peer-reviewed literature. RESULTS: The prognosis depends on many factors; aetiology, age of onset, number of seizures at onset, the natural history of the condition, and the influence of ...
Zaki Emad L - - 2002
A child with developmental delay and epilepsy developed glucosuria approximately 16 months after starting valproic acid therapy. Laboratory evaluation revealed global defects in proximal tubule function consistent with the De Toni-Debré-Fanconi syndrome. Discontinuation of valproate led to complete recovery 5 months later. Review of previously reported cases indicates that this ...
Tigaran S - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: This is the third case report describing the occurrence of total atrio-ventricular (AV)-block as a life threatening cardiac arrhythmia complicating epileptic seizures. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our hospital for surgical assessment of his medically intractable epilepsy. During the hospitalization he was enrolled in a ...
Nieto J - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Cavernomas rarely occur in the ventricular system. Only 10 pediatric cases out of 46 well-documented cases have been published. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an 11-year-old girl operated on for a voluminous cavernoma at the ventricular trigone which was diagnosed after absence seizures. CONCLUSION: Interestingly, the case ...
Krishnamoorthy E S. - - 2002
In 1953, Landolt described a group of patients with poorly controlled epilepsy who had psychotic episodes associated with remission of their seizures and disappearance of epileptiform activity on their EEGs. He called this phenomenon "forced normalization." Since then, neurologists and psychiatrists have been intrigued by this phenomenon, and although it ...
Kellinghaus Christoph C Department of Neurology, University of Münster, Albert-Schweitzer-Strasse 33, 48129 Münster, Germany. - - 2002
There have been several recent reports of non-convulsive status epilepticus during tiagabine therapy in patients with partial epilepsy. We report three cases where elevation of tiagabine dosage was followed by electroclinical features, or electroencephalographic features without clinical signs, of non-convulsive status epilepticus. Administration of clonazepam and/or discontinuation to tiagabine lead ...
de Menezes Márcio A Sotero - - 2002
PURPOSE: Few reports detailing the electroclinical features of epileptic spasms persisting beyond infancy have been published. We sought to characterize this unique population further. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and video-EEG data on 26 patients (4-17 years; mean, 93 months) with a confirmed diagnosis of epileptic spasms and who ...
Mazurkiewicz-Be?dzi?ska Maria - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed in order to determine the most common neurological signs of arachnoid cysts (AC) in a pediatric population and to evaluate if there is a correlation between the localization of the cyst and the clinical characteristics.MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-five AC patients were studied, aged 2-17 years, who ...
Schramm Belinda M - - 2002
Neuroexcitatory movements associated with propofol anesthesia are well recognized. Here we report on the successful use of benztropine (2 mg) to abolish abnormal dystonic movements after propofol anesthesia. Forty-five case reports are reviewed, and a treatment strategy for abnormal movements during propofol anesthesia is provided.
Ray Biman Kanti - - 2002
There are about 20 epidemiological studies on epilepsy from different parts of India. They include both rural and urban studies. The prevalence rate stands at around 5/1000 population (at this rate present estimate of total epileptics in this country is about 5 million) and incidence rate varies from 38 to ...
Bell G S GS Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, London WC1N - - 2002
The prevalence of epilepsy is generally taken as between 5 and 10 cases per 1000 persons, and the overall incidence as about 50 cases per 100,000 persons. The rates are dependent on case ascertainment and on definitions used. The prognosis depends on many factors, including the number of seizures at ...
Ryan Melody - - 2002
The purpose of this article is to report a case of severe stomatitis in a patient with pediatric epilepsy taking divalproex sodium. The case was reviewed with detailed oral examinations. This 5-year-old child developed severe stomatitis 18 months after institution of divalproex sodium. Cessation of the medication was associated with ...
Hedges Dawson W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a case involving a witnessed seizure in a patient receiving concurrent olanzapine and quetiapine. CASE SUMMARY: A 27-year-old white woman was observed to have a seizure while receiving a stable dosage of olanzapine 15 mg/d, with the addition of quetiapine 100 mg in the evening 1 day ...
Kossoff Eric H - - 2002
Seizures during the neonatal period have a broad differential diagnosis, many with a specific treatment and prognosis. In the case reported, a combination of dietary and endocrinologic abnormalities resulted in hypocalcemic seizures, which continued despite aggressive correction of serum ionized calcium levels. Serial electroencephalograms (EEG) performed during the hospitalization were ...
Reichardt Peter - - 2002
Pheochromocytomas are frequently associated with inherited cancer syndromes such as von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL). Retinal angioma and hemangioblastomas of the central nervous system are hallmarks of VHL, but its clinical variety is remarkably broad. Pheochromocytomas as the sole or first manifestation of VHL are rare but have been observed. In ...
DeCaro Louis J - - 2002
Focal epileptic seizures can be the first manifestation of a diabetic disorder. Metabolic disturbances, including hyperglycemia, mild hyperosmolality, hyponatremia, and lack of ketoacidosis contribute to the development of partial focal seizures. A review of the medical literature for partial focal seizures is presented, followed by a case study of a ...
Niimi Maki - - 2002
The first case of a ventrally exophytic pontine glioma with extensive and dense calcification is reported. A 10-year-old boy presented with a generalized seizure. The skull radiogram and CT scan showed a dense area of calcification, revealed by MRI as the core of a ventrally exophytic tumor. The pathologic diagnosis ...
Unger F - - 2002
Hypothalamic hamartomas are nonneoplastic lesions often characterized by central precocious puberty and gelastic epilepsy. Due to the delicate location surgery is often unsuccessful and associated with considerable risks. In the presented series, Gamma Knife radiosurgery was applied. Four cases (aged between 5-13 years) who presented with medically intractable gelastic epilepsy ...
Watanabe Eiju - - 2002
PURPOSE: We sought to establish a noninvasive method for focus diagnosis of epilepsy. METHODS: We examined the use of multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). It is known as a noninvasive method of functional brain mapping. We monitored cerebral blood volume change with NIRS during long-term EEG monitoring of epilepsy in 32 ...
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