Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 594
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Vialard François - - 2003
We describe here a patient with intrachromosomal triplication 15q11-q13, a rare chromosomal event associated with severe mental retardation and intractable epilepsy. Cytogenetic studies including FISH on interphasic nuclei showed that the middle segment of the triplication was inverted in orientation. Molecular analyses demonstrated that the rearrangement was of maternal origin. ...
Josephs K A - - 2003
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is an autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder that rarely presents in adulthood, and is associated with cognitive decline, various movement disorders (ataxia, chorea, dystonia, and myoclonus), a vertical supranuclear gaze palsy (VSGP), and seizures. A recent case report demonstrated a delay in diagnosis of eight years ...
Crews James C - - 2003
This case report describes a patient who demonstrated generalized seizure activity after an injection of 30 mL of levobupivacaine 0.5% for interscalene brachial plexus block. No evidence of cardiovascular toxicity was noted.
Froelich J - - 2003
We report the case of a two years old boy showing gelastic fits as the leading clinical symptom of a rare complex cerebral malformation with closed-lip schizencephaly, an arachnoid cyst and a partial agenesis of the corpus callosum. After 5 uneventful interictal electroencephalograms the patient underwent 24 h EEG with ...
Mani Jayanthi - - 2003
Generalised seizures are a common manifestation of acute alcohol intoxication. Alcohol is known to precipitate generalised seizures in patients with focal brain pathology. A rare case of secondarily generalised seizures precipitated by alcohol in a patient without an underlying focal brain lesion is reported. Electroencephalopgraphy (EEG) showed periodic lateralised epileptiform ...
García Héctor H - - 2003
The prevalence and characteristics of human taeniasis/cysticercosis and porcine cysticercosis were assessed in an endemic area of the Peruvian highlands. Individuals from 10 communities had stool examinations (N = 2,951) and serologic testing for Taenia solium antibodies (N = 2,583). The total porcine population present (N = 703) was also ...
Aliefendio─člu Didem - - 2003
Transient nonketotic hyperglycinemia is characterized by clinical and biochemical findings similar to those seen in classic nonketotic hyperglycinemia. Abnormalities in amino acids are partially or completely resolved in a period ranging from days to months. Almost all patients with the classic form of nonketotic hyperglycinemia survive with severe neurologic sequela, ...
McGrotty Y L - - 2003
A one-year-old, neutered female Skye terrier presented with anorexia, vomiting, seizures and ascites. Portal venography demonstrated the presence of multiple acquired portosystemic shunts. Hepatic biopsy confirmed the presence of copper accumulation and fibrosis. Treatment included ursodeoxycholic acid therapy, colchicine and oral zinc. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first ...
Savargaonkar Pratima - - 2003
Meningioangiomatosis is a rare condition, probably hamartomatous, characterized by proliferation of capillary-sized vessels, meningothelial cells, and fibroblasts within the cortex of the brain. Lesions may be single or diffuse and may be associated with neurofibromatosis type II. Clinically it presents with seizures but may be asymptomatic throughout life. We report ...
Sander J W - - 2003
PURPOSE: To review the factors influencing prognosis of epilepsy in this era of antiepileptic drugs and surgical treatment. METHODS: Systematic review of peer-reviewed literature. RESULTS: The prognosis depends on many factors; aetiology, age of onset, number of seizures at onset, the natural history of the condition, and the influence of ...
Greenberg Michael I - - 2003
Intrathecal baclofen is used as a muscle relaxant and antispasmodic in cases of spasticity resulting from central nervous system trauma. The baclofen withdrawal syndrome may include hyperthermia, tachycardia, hypertension, seizures, altered mental status, and psychomotor agitation. We report a case in which the removal of a baclofen pump lead tothe ...
Oshima Tomohiro - - 2003
We report a case of graphogenic epilepsy as a variant of language-induced epilepsy. A 25-year-old, right-handed woman had noticed for the previous 10 years that writing almost always provoked jerks or a jerking sensation in her right hand. No other triggers, including facets of language function such as reading and ...
Zaki Emad L - - 2002
A child with developmental delay and epilepsy developed glucosuria approximately 16 months after starting valproic acid therapy. Laboratory evaluation revealed global defects in proximal tubule function consistent with the De Toni-Debré-Fanconi syndrome. Discontinuation of valproate led to complete recovery 5 months later. Review of previously reported cases indicates that this ...
Tigaran S - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: This is the third case report describing the occurrence of total atrio-ventricular (AV)-block as a life threatening cardiac arrhythmia complicating epileptic seizures. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old right-handed man was admitted to our hospital for surgical assessment of his medically intractable epilepsy. During the hospitalization he was enrolled in a ...
Nieto J - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Cavernomas rarely occur in the ventricular system. Only 10 pediatric cases out of 46 well-documented cases have been published. CASE REPORT: We report the case of an 11-year-old girl operated on for a voluminous cavernoma at the ventricular trigone which was diagnosed after absence seizures. CONCLUSION: Interestingly, the case ...
Krishnamoorthy E S. - - 2002
In 1953, Landolt described a group of patients with poorly controlled epilepsy who had psychotic episodes associated with remission of their seizures and disappearance of epileptiform activity on their EEGs. He called this phenomenon "forced normalization." Since then, neurologists and psychiatrists have been intrigued by this phenomenon, and although it ...
Mazurkiewicz-Be?dzi?ska Maria - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The present study was performed in order to determine the most common neurological signs of arachnoid cysts (AC) in a pediatric population and to evaluate if there is a correlation between the localization of the cyst and the clinical characteristics.MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty-five AC patients were studied, aged 2-17 years, who ...
de Menezes Márcio A Sotero - - 2002
PURPOSE: Few reports detailing the electroclinical features of epileptic spasms persisting beyond infancy have been published. We sought to characterize this unique population further. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and video-EEG data on 26 patients (4-17 years; mean, 93 months) with a confirmed diagnosis of epileptic spasms and who ...
Kellinghaus Christoph - - 2002
There have been several recent reports of non-convulsive status epilepticus during tiagabine therapy in patients with partial epilepsy. We report three cases where elevation of tiagabine dosage was followed by electroclinical features, or electroencephalographic features without clinical signs, of non-convulsive status epilepticus. Administration of clonazepam and/or discontinuation to tiagabine lead ...
Ray Biman Kanti - - 2002
There are about 20 epidemiological studies on epilepsy from different parts of India. They include both rural and urban studies. The prevalence rate stands at around 5/1000 population (at this rate present estimate of total epileptics in this country is about 5 million) and incidence rate varies from 38 to ...
Schramm Belinda M - - 2002
Neuroexcitatory movements associated with propofol anesthesia are well recognized. Here we report on the successful use of benztropine (2 mg) to abolish abnormal dystonic movements after propofol anesthesia. Forty-five case reports are reviewed, and a treatment strategy for abnormal movements during propofol anesthesia is provided.
Hedges Dawson W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a case involving a witnessed seizure in a patient receiving concurrent olanzapine and quetiapine. CASE SUMMARY: A 27-year-old white woman was observed to have a seizure while receiving a stable dosage of olanzapine 15 mg/d, with the addition of quetiapine 100 mg in the evening 1 day ...
Ryan Melody - - 2002
The purpose of this article is to report a case of severe stomatitis in a patient with pediatric epilepsy taking divalproex sodium. The case was reviewed with detailed oral examinations. This 5-year-old child developed severe stomatitis 18 months after institution of divalproex sodium. Cessation of the medication was associated with ...
Kossoff Eric H - - 2002
Seizures during the neonatal period have a broad differential diagnosis, many with a specific treatment and prognosis. In the case reported, a combination of dietary and endocrinologic abnormalities resulted in hypocalcemic seizures, which continued despite aggressive correction of serum ionized calcium levels. Serial electroencephalograms (EEG) performed during the hospitalization were ...
Reichardt Peter - - 2002
Pheochromocytomas are frequently associated with inherited cancer syndromes such as von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL). Retinal angioma and hemangioblastomas of the central nervous system are hallmarks of VHL, but its clinical variety is remarkably broad. Pheochromocytomas as the sole or first manifestation of VHL are rare but have been observed. In ...
DeCaro Louis J - - 2002
Focal epileptic seizures can be the first manifestation of a diabetic disorder. Metabolic disturbances, including hyperglycemia, mild hyperosmolality, hyponatremia, and lack of ketoacidosis contribute to the development of partial focal seizures. A review of the medical literature for partial focal seizures is presented, followed by a case study of a ...
Niimi Maki - - 2002
The first case of a ventrally exophytic pontine glioma with extensive and dense calcification is reported. A 10-year-old boy presented with a generalized seizure. The skull radiogram and CT scan showed a dense area of calcification, revealed by MRI as the core of a ventrally exophytic tumor. The pathologic diagnosis ...
Unger F - - 2002
Hypothalamic hamartomas are nonneoplastic lesions often characterized by central precocious puberty and gelastic epilepsy. Due to the delicate location surgery is often unsuccessful and associated with considerable risks. In the presented series, Gamma Knife radiosurgery was applied. Four cases (aged between 5-13 years) who presented with medically intractable gelastic epilepsy ...
Watanabe Eiju - - 2002
PURPOSE: We sought to establish a noninvasive method for focus diagnosis of epilepsy. METHODS: We examined the use of multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). It is known as a noninvasive method of functional brain mapping. We monitored cerebral blood volume change with NIRS during long-term EEG monitoring of epilepsy in 32 ...
de Freitas G R - - 2001
The diagnosis of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is usually confirmed by genetic testing or skin biopsy. We here report the case of a 69-year-old woman with recurrent transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) and strokes, seizures, and dementia without any mutations in exons 3 and 4 ...
Tinuper P - - 2001
Ictal bradycardia is a rare, probably underestimated, manifestation of epileptic seizures whose pathophysiology is still debated. Autonomic modifications may result either from a sympathetic inhibition or from a parasympathetic activation probably due to the ictal discharge arising from or spreading to the structures of the central autonomic network. We review ...
Gupta V K - - 2001
Pyridoxine-dependent seizures are a recognized, although rare, cause of intractable seizures in neonates. Patients with this autosomal recessive disorder have recurrent seizures that are resistant to conventional anticonvulsants but respond dramatically to intravenous administration of pyridoxine. Life-long supplementation with pyridoxine is required to prevent seizure recurrence. In the absence of ...
Veneselli E - - 2001
The objective of this study was to present clinical and electroencephalographic findings in 18 cases with late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses, focusing on features that assist early diagnosis. Clinical and EEG findings have been described in the past for classic types, but several variants have recently been reported. The authors ...
Gaggero R - - 2001
We report the case of a 13-year-old boy who complained of complex motor episodes during sleep characterized by sudden arousal followed by deambulation associated with automatic movements and vocalization. His family history included both epileptic and psychiatric disorders. The patient himself presented psychopathologic traits and adaptive difficulties. In support of ...
Patane L - - 2001
We report a case of fetal seizures secondary to lissencephaly. Among the 13 published cases of fetal seizures, including ours, diagnosed at a mean gestational age of 35.5 weeks (range 20-42), a fetal heart rate tracing was available in ten and showed a normal pattern in three, low variability in ...
Veneselli E - - 2001
A previously unreported epileptic condition characterised by onset before 6 months of age, nearly continuous electroencephalographic seizures involving multiple independent areas originating in both hemispheres, no identifiable cause, and poor outcome has been described by Coppola et al. We report three cases presenting the same clinical and EEG pictures. They ...
Valentini P - - 2001
Interferon-treated patients can present seizures, which in most paediatric cases are related to fever. The case of chronic hepatitis C is described in which Interferon probably disclosed a latent epilepsy. The hypothesis is advanced that seizures can be provoked by Interferon therapy in subjects with a low convulsant threshold and, ...
Amato C - - 2001
We report the case of an 18-year-old woman who presented a long-lasting cluster of partial seizures, and MRI cortical abnormalities localized in the left parietal lobe. The MRI changes correlated with the site of the epileptogenic focus, and disappeared within 2 weeks. The recognition of these reversible MRI abnormalities, which ...
Azzoni A - - 2001
The paper describes a case of neurocutaneous melanosis (NM), with mental retardation, chronic psychosis, and epilepsy possibly due to a temporal focus. This is the first report of NM associated with a severe and chronic psychosis. It is likely that such an association has not previously been described because of ...
Koutroumanidis M - - 2001
The unusual case of newly-emerged bilateral myoclonus in a 39-year-old man following anterior temporal lobectomy, which cured his temporal lobe epilepsy, is reported. The possible causes and differential diagnosis between epileptic and non-epileptic myoclonus following epilepsy surgery are presented and a brief review of the available literature on the subject ...
Hickman S J - - 2001
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has enabled ante mortem diagnosis of Hallervorden Spatz disease (HSD). Childhood-onset cases are the most common type and usually present with progressive dystonia and dementia. The duration of illness is 15 to 20 years, leading to death. Presentation in adulthood and infancy have also been reported, ...
Benlounis A - - 2001
PURPOSE: To address genetic predisposition to febrile convulsions (FCs) and epilepsy as an etiologic background of severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI). METHODS: Familial antecedents of epilepsy and FCs were analyzed in four groups of patients with SMEI (65 cases), FCs (57 cases), childhood absences (67 cases), and a control ...
Luan G - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Resecting epileptogenic foci combined with bipolar electrocoagulation of functional cortex has been successfully used to treat intractable epilepsy. METHOD: 124 cases with intractable epilepsy have been treated from 1996 to 1999, 75 cases with temporal lobe epilepsy and 48 cases with extra-temporal lobe epilepsy, and one case with infantile ...
Kramer U - - 2001
Refractory gelastic seizures are often associated with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH). Presurgical evaluation in such children often points to a distinct cortical region as the source of the seizures. A case of a child with HH and refractory seizures is presented. Video-EEG monitoring revealed a well-defined epileptic focus in the left ...
Margono S S - - 2001
Cysticercosis caused by the larval stage, cysticercus or cysticerci, of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium was recognized at first in Bali and in Paniai District, Irian Jaya (Papua), Indonesia in the 1970s. In the 1990s a rapid increase in the number of the cases of epileptic seizures and burns in ...
Simpson C S - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The Insertable Loop Recorder (ILR) has emerged as an important new tool in the diagnostic armamentarium for patients with syncope. METHODS AND RESULTS: A case report illustrates how the ILR unexpectedly led to the diagnosis of seizure as the explanation for a man's recurrent, but infrequent episodes of sudden ...
Kida Y - - 2000
Among 462 cases of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) treated with gamma-radiosurgery, the initial presentations were haemorrhage in 68%, epilepsy in 12.8%, neurological deficits in 3.2%, minor symptoms in 7.6% and asymptomatic in 4.5% respectively. There were 79 cases (17.1%) who had had a convulsive seizure before radiosurgery and they were ...
Abdulla A - - 2000
Clostridium sordellii is rarely associated with disease in humans. Since its first report in 1922 only a few cases of bacteraemia have been reported. This report describes two cases of C sordellii bacteraemia; the oldest and youngest patients reported to date. The first, is a previously well 81 year old ...
Riesgo R D - - 2000
Benign rolandic epilepsy (BRE) is known for its dissociation from structural alterations. Nevertheless, the number of cases with reported organic lesions has been increasing. This led to the creation of two subgroups, "benign" and "non benign" BRE, and resulted in the need for additional parameters to define electrographic benignity. We ...
Wright J - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of epilepsy and seizure disorders in Bradford. The method used was a community-based cross-sectional study. Case ascertainment was by review of medical records identified by searching practice databases using diagnostic codes and from repeat prescribing data. A ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >