Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 617
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Pragt Elien - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This case report describes convulsions and hemiparesis after retrobulbar injection with good outcome in a patient undergoing outpatient cryocoagulation of his right eye. CASE REPORT: We report a young man in which localized convulsions of the ipsilateral face occurred 9 minutes after retrobulbar injection followed shortly by convulsions of ...
Joshi Charuta N - - 2006
Postictal psychosis is a state of psychosis following repeated or prolonged complex partial seizures with or without secondary generalization and is well described in adult epilepsy literature. It is sparsely reported in the pediatric literature. This report describes a 12-year-old male presenting with status epilepticus who developed psychotic symptoms. Diagnosis ...
Adami P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The case report suggests the indispensability of preoperative accurate psychiatric checkups especially in temporal resections. METHOD: A single case was reported. RESULTS: We report the case of a 20-year-old woman suffering for 12 years from primary generalized epilepsy, attributed to left-sided hippocampal sclerosis. Because seizures were resistant to drug ...
Weber Yvonne G - - 2006
Epileptic nystagmus (EN) is characterized by repetitive eye movements as a symptom of seizure activity. Two cases of EN are reported including ictal EEG, video recordings and MRI. In addition, we review the published cases and pathophysiological background of EN. The cardinal cortical region for EN is located at the ...
Salayev Kamran Ali - - 2006
Interhemispheric time difference (ITD) measured by electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) was compared to seizure outcome after callosotomy. Two patients with frequent drop attacks underwent simultaneous EEG and MEG before and after total callosotomy. ITDs in 30 bilateral synchronized (BS) discharges were calculated independently by EEG and MEG. As minimum ...
Muramoto Osamu - - 2006
PURPOSE: Some enigmatic remarks and behaviors of Socrates have been a subject of debate among scholars. We investigated the possibility of underlying epilepsy in Socrates by analyzing pathographic evidence in ancient literature from the viewpoint of the current understanding of seizure semiology. METHODS: We performed a case study from a ...
Polychronopoulos Panagiotis - - 2006
Cases with a clinical and electroencephalographic phenotype of benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) in association with a proven organic brain lesion have rarely been reported. To our knowledge, we herein describe for the first time a patient with Wilson's disease who subsequently manifested BECTS. Our case bolsters ...
Polesin Alena A Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, New-York Presbyterian-Hospitals of Columbia and Cornell, New York, - - 2006
Post-anoxic myoclonus is a rare movement disorder manifested by diffuse action-triggered jerking movements that may result in significant disability. The incidence of this disorder is not clearly established, but over 122 cases have so far been reported in the literature. The pathogenesis is not entirely known, although it has been ...
Florindo Irene - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the semiological features of auditory aura and to assess their possible lateralizing value in partial epilepsy. METHODS: Out of a series of 8,000 patients with epilepsy, we investigated 121 cases with partial seizures in whom auditory features were the first ictal symptom. According to the dominant type ...
Dlugos Dennis J - - 2006
Presented is the case of a child with epilepsy with dramatic evolution between the ages of 18 months and 3 years. Initially, the case is one of treatment-responsive focal epilepsy, but then evolves to treatment-resistant focal epilepsy with an epileptic encephalopathy. The case demonstrates the poorly understood entities of age-related ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2006
We report the case of 36-year-old woman who had suffered from focal-unilateral right febrile grand mal since she was 9 months old as a result of neonatal asphyxia. Over the years, a modification of the clinical picture occurred and eventually the patient suffered from paranoid delusions that impaired her ability ...
Berman Jeffrey A - - 2006
Ephedra containing products (ECPs), which most often contain additional sources of caffeine alkaloids, may be an under-recognized cause of hypertension. ECPs, especially when used in combination or at higher than recommended doses, can cause life-threatening cardiovascular and neurological complications. We present a case of hypertensive encephalopathy with new onset generalized ...
Kazek Beata B Department of Child Neurology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland. - - 2006
Toxocarosis is a consequence of human infection by Toxocara canis larvae. There are symptomatic (visceral, ocular) and asymptomatic courses of toxocarosis. The cerebral form is very rare. We present a seven-year-old patient who developed a cerebral form of toxocarosis. She demonstrated focal neurological symptoms (epilepsy) confirmed by neuro-imaging and histopathological ...
Hogan R E - - 2006
To report a case of temporal lobe epilepsy with clinical presentation of paroxysmal episodes of "tightness" over the right hemiface, and ictal crying, and review electroclinical localisation of this phenomenon. Clinical semiology, neurophysiological localising tests, and epilepsy surgery outcome are reported in a subject presenting with paroxysmal right hemifacial movements ...
Tran Duc-Si - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of epilepsy in a rural district of Lao PDR and to describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of the disease. METHODS: Door-to-door screening was performed on the entire population of 8 randomly selected villages in the Hinheub district, using an internationally validated and standardized questionnaire. ...
Abilleira S?nia - - 2005
We describe a 70-year-old woman with a 2-month history of a numb chin and gradually increasing bilateral headache and malaise. Neurological examination disclosed chin hypoesthesia while investigations showed a normocytic anemia, ESR of 100, and CRP of 72. A CT brain scan, chest X-ray, and bone scan showed no evidence ...
Hughes John R - - 2005
The goal of this article is to review the idiosyncratic aspects of the epilepsy of Fyodor Dostoevsky, one of the greatest writers of all time. The onset of his seizures is controversial, with some evidence pointing to his childhood and other reports that would place the onset in his teens ...
Been J V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pyridoxine dependent epilepsy is a rare cause of seizures in childhood. The diagnosis is made on clinical criteria, that in many cases are never met. Therefore, epidemiological data on pyridoxine dependency are scarce. AIMS: To study the epidemiology of pyridoxine dependent epilepsy in the Netherlands, and to determine whether ...
Dolenc Tamara J - - 2005
Early reports cautioned against the combination of lithium and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), citing risk of excessive cognitive disturbance, prolonged apnea, and spontaneous seizures. However, recent case series with larger numbers of patients indicate that the combination may be used safely and with optimal efficacy in certain clinical circumstances. In this ...
Demirbilek Veysi - - 2005
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is a progressive disorder which also presents with various types of seizures, mainly myoclonic jerks, atonic attacks and tonic-clonic seizures. We report two cases, documented by video-EEG that during the course of the disease also presented with tonic seizures. The differential diagnosis of non-epileptic paroxysmal events might ...
Beach R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Failure to recognise diagnostic uncertainty between the epilepsies and non-epileptic events may be a factor in high rates of misdiagnosis. AIMS: To explore the results of acknowledging diagnostic uncertainty in a cohort of children presenting with paroxysmal events. METHODS: Children (29 days-16th birthday) with new presentations of paroxysmal disorders ...
Zdrojewicz Zygmunt - - 2005
We presented a rare case of tetanic crisis in a 23-year old mentally retarded woman with epilepsy after treatment by oxcarbazepine, the new anticonvulsant agent. We reviewed laboratory, radiographic and medical examinations and recommend a proper treatment in such cases. The laboratory tests revealed only severe hypocalcemia. We described the ...
Oyatsi D P - - 2005
Sphincteric incontinence of stool and urine are not unusual features of generalised epileptic seizures. Isolated secondary encopresis as a manifestation of an epileptic seizure is unusual. This report is of, a four year old boy, with daytime secondary non-retentive encopresis. The onset of encopresis was preceded by several episodes of ...
Tokay, Tomris
Epileptic auras have been recognized in the literature since antiquity.Olfactory epileptic auras are very rare, constituting about 0.9% of allauras, and are typically described as unpleasant experiences. Mostpatients specifically likened it to a familiar smell such as that ofburning, sulphur, alcohol, gas, barbecue, peanut butter, ortoothpaste. Gustatory auras might have ...
P-Codrea Tigaran Simona - - 2005
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) gains more and more acknowledgment across the various interdisciplinary fields. Accordingly, we performed in a prospective setting a case-control study of all SUDEP cases in a well-defined part of Denmark (Northern Jutland), between January 1998 and September 2000. We attempted to look into the ...
Kumar Raj - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a form of chronic encephalitis presenting with intractable seizures and progressive neurological deficits in children. The occurrence of anaplastic ependymoma in a diagnosed case of RE has not been reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: We report an eight and a half year-old boy, a ...
Kanu Ijeoma - - 2005
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder; however, in Nigeria and other tropical regions, the causes of epileptic seizures differ greatly in etiology. This paper is an attempt to highlight some possible microbiological aspects of epileptic seizures. A literature review was carried out to identify the extent to which microbial infections ...
Driver-Dunckley Erika - - 2005
Topiramate is a broad-spectrum anticonvulsant that is now widely used for adult and pediatric epilepsy. In a singular case, topiramate was recently reported to benefit vascular hemichorea-hemiballismus. The authors describe three cases of hemichorea-hemiballismus, one of vascular etiology and two of metabolic etiology, effectively treated with topiramate.
Li Zhongzeng - - 2005
We report on seven children who developed abnormal involuntary movements as early as 1.5 years after unremarkable term births. The paroxysmal episodes of abnormal movements were typically precipitated by sudden, voluntary movements, or a startle. The clinical features in each case were consistent with the diagnosis of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia ...
Sharma Manish S - - 2005
A 40-year-old male presented with a single generalized tonic-clonic seizure. MRI revealed an enhancing, dural-based, left lateral sphenoid wing lesion suggestive of a meningioma. At microsurgical excision, the lesion was firm and relatively avascular. The histopathological report revealed S-100 positive histiocytic proliferation with lymphophagocytosis (emperipolesis) characteristic of the Rosai-Dorfman disease. ...
Frizelle F A - - 2005
Oral sodium phosphate and sodium picosulfates/magnesium citrate are commonly used to evacuate the colon and rectum before colonoscopy or colorectal surgery. These substances, however, are known to cause electrolyte abnormalities. Seizures caused by electrolyte abnormalities associated with bowel preparation have only rarely been reported. We report the cases of three ...
Striano Salvatore - - 2005
Turner syndrome (TS) is the most frequent sex abnormality in females, generally associated with a 45,X0 karyotype. Although neurological complications are frequently part of the clinical picture, serious brain abnormalities are quite rare in TS. Epilepsy in TS is not frequent and so far only few cases have been reported, ...
Haller Christine A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Seizures in persons using dietary supplements (DS) have been reported through the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch system, but not formally reviewed. METHODS: Sixty-five cases of DS-associated seizures reported to MedWatch from 1993 to 1999 were obtained through the Freedom of Information Act and independently evaluated by three ...
Sartorius Alexander - - 2005
Bipolar disorders as well as recurrent major depressive episodes can be most effectively treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Since continuation/maintenance ECT is not well established, prophylactic therapy in recurrent illnesses is more commonly carried out using antidepressive medication alone or more often in combination with lithium. In case of relapse ...
Baccalá Luiz A - - 2004
Via a detailed case study of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, we show that a method of determining the direction of information flow among signals is able to provide focal localization via the simultaneous analysis of multiple EEG channels. This determination is accomplished by representing information flow direction via directed graphs, ...
Leuzzi V - - 2004
The authors report the unusual clinical and neurophysiologic features of a sporadic case of a boy carrying an 806delG mutation on the MECP2 gene. A 28-month-old boy was examined for severe developmental delay, seizures, microcephaly, breathing dysfunction, and spontaneous and evoked myoclonic jerks of upper limbs. Neurophysiologic study proved the ...
Smaldone M M Department of Urology, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY, - - 2004
The association between epilepsy and erectile dysfunction (ED) has often been described but not clearly defined. This is a review of the literature regarding the current theories on the causes of ED in epilepsy, as well as the evaluation and treatment options available.
Martinez-Mañas Rosa R Department of Neurosurgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV), Rue du Bugnon 46, Lausanne 1011, - - 2004
We report a case of an infantile hemiplegia seizure syndrome (IHSS) that presented with intractable reflex audiogenic startle epilepsy which in itself is an uncommon form of seizure disorder. Peri-insular hemispherotomy provided complete seizure control. Also of particular interest was that this syndrome resulted from an iatrogenic brain injury sustained ...
Salah Uddin A B M - - 2004
Limb shaking transient ischemic attack (TIA) is an uncommon presentation of carotid occlusive disease. This unusual form of TIA is not well recognized and may be mistaken for focal epilepsy, delaying proper diagnosis and treatment. In this communication, we present such a case, together with a review of the literature, ...
Lee Bruce Y - - 2004
PURPOSE: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) may be used to establish a diagnosis of encephalitis, yet prior descriptions are mainly limited to small case reports. We explore the role of FDG-PET in the diagnostic evaluation of encephalitis. METHODS: Brain FDG-PET was acquired in a consecutive case series of 10 ...
El Tahir M O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) is caused by a micro deletion of chromosome 22q11 and associated with multiple system abnormalities. There is an increasing recognition of associations with psychiatric disorders. Neurological and brain abnormalities have been reported but to date no association with generalized epilepsy has been reported in literature. METHODS: ...
Terada Seishi - - 2004
We report here a case of orthochromatic leukodystrophy with spheroids. A 40-year-old woman developed forgetfulness. About 1 year after the onset, clinical examination confirmed global intellectual deterioration with amnesia, spatiotemporal disorientation, and impairment of judgment. At age 43, she experienced tonic-clonic convulsions several times, and died of pneumonia at the ...
Kankirawatana Pongkiat - - 2004
The authors present a case of a child with epilepsy who developed choreoathetotic movements coinciding with the development of epilepsia partialis continua. His abnormal movements and seizures resolved after successful management of his epilepsia partialis continua with intravenous immunoglobulin and steroid therapy. The authors propose that the chorea was an ...
Ahmed Shihab U - - 2004
A 47-yr-old man with history of complex regional pain syndrome type 1 underwent an IV Bier block with a mixture of lidocaine and clonidine. The tourniquet was deflated after 60 min, and approximately 10 min later he presented with complex partial seizures. The possible mechanisms for this are discussed, and ...
Benbadis Selim R - - 2004
To investigate a possible relationship between seizure frequency and the lunar cycle, we reviewed the occurrence of seizures recorded in our epilepsy monitoring unit over a 3-year period. Analysis of the total number of seizures (epileptic plus nonepileptic) showed no significant association. A separate analysis revealed that for nonepileptic seizures, ...
Yu H Y - - 2004
To demonstrate the high spatiotemporal resolution of magnetoencephalography (MEG), we report three cases with focal epilepsy that exhibited bilateral synchronized spikes on simultaneous scalp EEG and MEG recording. Constant time lags (19.4 +/- 3.0 ms and 20.0 +/- 5.5) between the leading and the following contralateral spikes were noted on ...
Shepherd Greene - - 2004
Bupropion is an antidepressant that has recently seen increased usage in smoking cessation. This increased usage, along with its potential for causing seizures, has renewed interest among clinicians about the effects of this drug. The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical course of intentional bupropion overdoses in ...
Dimova Petia S - - 2004
The 2-year history of a 10-year-old boy with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is presented. After 6 months of epilepsy manifested by atypical absences and myoclonic-atonic seizures with an electroencephalographic (EEG) correlation of generalized spike-and polyspike-wave discharges, the child developed chorioretinitis and demonstrated a dramatic intellectual decline during corticosteroid treatment. Neuroimaging investigations ...
Nalini Atchayaram - - 2004
A retrospective clinical and biochemical analysis of 41 pediatric patients with cerebral lipidoses seen between 1995 to 2003 was performed at a tertiary referral center for neurologic disorders in southern India. Enzyme assays in serum and leukocytes, including histopathology, neuroimaging, and neurophysiology studies, were performed. There were 20 cases of ...
Harzy Taoufik - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Primary hypoparathyroidism and adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder in the same patient does not seem to have been reported previously. We report two cases in first-degree relatives. PATIENTS: Case 1: In 1999, a 41-year-old woman experienced seizures simulating epilepsy. She had been treated 5 years earlier for idiopathic adhesive ...
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