Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 605
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Florindo Irene - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the semiological features of auditory aura and to assess their possible lateralizing value in partial epilepsy. METHODS: Out of a series of 8,000 patients with epilepsy, we investigated 121 cases with partial seizures in whom auditory features were the first ictal symptom. According to the dominant type ...
Kazek Beata - - 2006
Introduction: Toxocarosis is a consequence of human infection by Toxocara canis larvae. There are symptomatic (visceral, ocular) and asymptomatic courses of toxocarosis. The cerebral form is very rare. Case report: We present a seven-year-old patient who developed a cerebral form of toxocarosis. She demonstrated focal neurological symptoms (epilepsy) confirmed by ...
Tran Duc-Si - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of epilepsy in a rural district of Lao PDR and to describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of the disease. METHODS: Door-to-door screening was performed on the entire population of 8 randomly selected villages in the Hinheub district, using an internationally validated and standardized questionnaire. ...
Berman Jeffrey A - - 2006
Ephedra containing products (ECPs), which most often contain additional sources of caffeine alkaloids, may be an under-recognized cause of hypertension. ECPs, especially when used in combination or at higher than recommended doses, can cause life-threatening cardiovascular and neurological complications. We present a case of hypertensive encephalopathy with new onset generalized ...
Dlugos Dennis J - - 2006
Presented is the case of a child with epilepsy with dramatic evolution between the ages of 18 months and 3 years. Initially, the case is one of treatment-responsive focal epilepsy, but then evolves to treatment-resistant focal epilepsy with an epileptic encephalopathy. The case demonstrates the poorly understood entities of age-related ...
Hogan R E - - 2006
To report a case of temporal lobe epilepsy with clinical presentation of paroxysmal episodes of "tightness" over the right hemiface, and ictal crying, and review electroclinical localisation of this phenomenon. Clinical semiology, neurophysiological localising tests, and epilepsy surgery outcome are reported in a subject presenting with paroxysmal right hemifacial movements ...
Abilleira S?nia - - 2005
We describe a 70-year-old woman with a 2-month history of a numb chin and gradually increasing bilateral headache and malaise. Neurological examination disclosed chin hypoesthesia while investigations showed a normocytic anemia, ESR of 100, and CRP of 72. A CT brain scan, chest X-ray, and bone scan showed no evidence ...
Hughes John R - - 2005
The goal of this article is to review the idiosyncratic aspects of the epilepsy of Fyodor Dostoevsky, one of the greatest writers of all time. The onset of his seizures is controversial, with some evidence pointing to his childhood and other reports that would place the onset in his teens ...
Been J V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pyridoxine dependent epilepsy is a rare cause of seizures in childhood. The diagnosis is made on clinical criteria, that in many cases are never met. Therefore, epidemiological data on pyridoxine dependency are scarce. AIMS: To study the epidemiology of pyridoxine dependent epilepsy in the Netherlands, and to determine whether ...
Dolenc Tamara J - - 2005
Early reports cautioned against the combination of lithium and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), citing risk of excessive cognitive disturbance, prolonged apnea, and spontaneous seizures. However, recent case series with larger numbers of patients indicate that the combination may be used safely and with optimal efficacy in certain clinical circumstances. In this ...
Demirbilek Veysi - - 2005
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is a progressive disorder which also presents with various types of seizures, mainly myoclonic jerks, atonic attacks and tonic-clonic seizures. We report two cases, documented by video-EEG that during the course of the disease also presented with tonic seizures. The differential diagnosis of non-epileptic paroxysmal events might ...
Beach R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Failure to recognise diagnostic uncertainty between the epilepsies and non-epileptic events may be a factor in high rates of misdiagnosis. AIMS: To explore the results of acknowledging diagnostic uncertainty in a cohort of children presenting with paroxysmal events. METHODS: Children (29 days-16th birthday) with new presentations of paroxysmal disorders ...
Oyatsi D P - - 2005
Sphincteric incontinence of stool and urine are not unusual features of generalised epileptic seizures. Isolated secondary encopresis as a manifestation of an epileptic seizure is unusual. This report is of, a four year old boy, with daytime secondary non-retentive encopresis. The onset of encopresis was preceded by several episodes of ...
Zdrojewicz Zygmunt - - 2005
We presented a rare case of tetanic crisis in a 23-year old mentally retarded woman with epilepsy after treatment by oxcarbazepine, the new anticonvulsant agent. We reviewed laboratory, radiographic and medical examinations and recommend a proper treatment in such cases. The laboratory tests revealed only severe hypocalcemia. We described the ...
Tokay, Tomris
Epileptic auras have been recognized in the literature since antiquity.Olfactory epileptic auras are very rare, constituting about 0.9% of allauras, and are typically described as unpleasant experiences. Mostpatients specifically likened it to a familiar smell such as that ofburning, sulphur, alcohol, gas, barbecue, peanut butter, ortoothpaste. Gustatory auras might have ...
Kumar Raj - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) is a form of chronic encephalitis presenting with intractable seizures and progressive neurological deficits in children. The occurrence of anaplastic ependymoma in a diagnosed case of RE has not been reported in the literature. CASE REPORT: We report an eight and a half year-old boy, a ...
P-Codrea Tigaran Simona - - 2005
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) gains more and more acknowledgment across the various interdisciplinary fields. Accordingly, we performed in a prospective setting a case-control study of all SUDEP cases in a well-defined part of Denmark (Northern Jutland), between January 1998 and September 2000. We attempted to look into the ...
Kanu Ijeoma - - 2005
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder; however, in Nigeria and other tropical regions, the causes of epileptic seizures differ greatly in etiology. This paper is an attempt to highlight some possible microbiological aspects of epileptic seizures. A literature review was carried out to identify the extent to which microbial infections ...
Li Zhongzeng - - 2005
We report on seven children who developed abnormal involuntary movements as early as 1.5 years after unremarkable term births. The paroxysmal episodes of abnormal movements were typically precipitated by sudden, voluntary movements, or a startle. The clinical features in each case were consistent with the diagnosis of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia ...
Driver-Dunckley Erika - - 2005
Topiramate is a broad-spectrum anticonvulsant that is now widely used for adult and pediatric epilepsy. In a singular case, topiramate was recently reported to benefit vascular hemichorea-hemiballismus. The authors describe three cases of hemichorea-hemiballismus, one of vascular etiology and two of metabolic etiology, effectively treated with topiramate.
Sharma Manish S - - 2005
A 40-year-old male presented with a single generalized tonic-clonic seizure. MRI revealed an enhancing, dural-based, left lateral sphenoid wing lesion suggestive of a meningioma. At microsurgical excision, the lesion was firm and relatively avascular. The histopathological report revealed S-100 positive histiocytic proliferation with lymphophagocytosis (emperipolesis) characteristic of the Rosai-Dorfman disease. ...
Frizelle F A - - 2005
Oral sodium phosphate and sodium picosulfates/magnesium citrate are commonly used to evacuate the colon and rectum before colonoscopy or colorectal surgery. These substances, however, are known to cause electrolyte abnormalities. Seizures caused by electrolyte abnormalities associated with bowel preparation have only rarely been reported. We report the cases of three ...
Striano Salvatore - - 2005
Turner syndrome (TS) is the most frequent sex abnormality in females, generally associated with a 45,X0 karyotype. Although neurological complications are frequently part of the clinical picture, serious brain abnormalities are quite rare in TS. Epilepsy in TS is not frequent and so far only few cases have been reported, ...
Sartorius Alexander - - 2005
Bipolar disorders as well as recurrent major depressive episodes can be most effectively treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Since continuation/maintenance ECT is not well established, prophylactic therapy in recurrent illnesses is more commonly carried out using antidepressive medication alone or more often in combination with lithium. In case of relapse ...
Haller Christine A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Seizures in persons using dietary supplements (DS) have been reported through the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch system, but not formally reviewed. METHODS: Sixty-five cases of DS-associated seizures reported to MedWatch from 1993 to 1999 were obtained through the Freedom of Information Act and independently evaluated by three ...
Baccalá Luiz A - - 2004
Via a detailed case study of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, we show that a method of determining the direction of information flow among signals is able to provide focal localization via the simultaneous analysis of multiple EEG channels. This determination is accomplished by representing information flow direction via directed graphs, ...
Leuzzi V - - 2004
The authors report the unusual clinical and neurophysiologic features of a sporadic case of a boy carrying an 806delG mutation on the MECP2 gene. A 28-month-old boy was examined for severe developmental delay, seizures, microcephaly, breathing dysfunction, and spontaneous and evoked myoclonic jerks of upper limbs. Neurophysiologic study proved the ...
El Tahir M O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) is caused by a micro deletion of chromosome 22q11 and associated with multiple system abnormalities. There is an increasing recognition of associations with psychiatric disorders. Neurological and brain abnormalities have been reported but to date no association with generalized epilepsy has been reported in literature. METHODS: ...
Salah Uddin A B M - - 2004
Limb shaking transient ischemic attack (TIA) is an uncommon presentation of carotid occlusive disease. This unusual form of TIA is not well recognized and may be mistaken for focal epilepsy, delaying proper diagnosis and treatment. In this communication, we present such a case, together with a review of the literature, ...
Martinez-Mañas Rosa - - 2004
We report a case of an infantile hemiplegia seizure syndrome (IHSS) that presented with intractable reflex audiogenic startle epilepsy which in itself is an uncommon form of seizure disorder. Peri-insular hemispherotomy provided complete seizure control. Also of particular interest was that this syndrome resulted from an iatrogenic brain injury sustained ...
Lee Bruce Y - - 2004
PURPOSE: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) may be used to establish a diagnosis of encephalitis, yet prior descriptions are mainly limited to small case reports. We explore the role of FDG-PET in the diagnostic evaluation of encephalitis. METHODS: Brain FDG-PET was acquired in a consecutive case series of 10 ...
Terada Seishi - - 2004
We report here a case of orthochromatic leukodystrophy with spheroids. A 40-year-old woman developed forgetfulness. About 1 year after the onset, clinical examination confirmed global intellectual deterioration with amnesia, spatiotemporal disorientation, and impairment of judgment. At age 43, she experienced tonic-clonic convulsions several times, and died of pneumonia at the ...
Shepherd Greene - - 2004
Bupropion is an antidepressant that has recently seen increased usage in smoking cessation. This increased usage, along with its potential for causing seizures, has renewed interest among clinicians about the effects of this drug. The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical course of intentional bupropion overdoses in ...
Ahmed Shihab U - - 2004
A 47-yr-old man with history of complex regional pain syndrome type 1 underwent an IV Bier block with a mixture of lidocaine and clonidine. The tourniquet was deflated after 60 min, and approximately 10 min later he presented with complex partial seizures. The possible mechanisms for this are discussed, and ...
Kankirawatana Pongkiat - - 2004
The authors present a case of a child with epilepsy who developed choreoathetotic movements coinciding with the development of epilepsia partialis continua. His abnormal movements and seizures resolved after successful management of his epilepsia partialis continua with intravenous immunoglobulin and steroid therapy. The authors propose that the chorea was an ...
Benbadis Selim R - - 2004
To investigate a possible relationship between seizure frequency and the lunar cycle, we reviewed the occurrence of seizures recorded in our epilepsy monitoring unit over a 3-year period. Analysis of the total number of seizures (epileptic plus nonepileptic) showed no significant association. A separate analysis revealed that for nonepileptic seizures, ...
Yu H Y - - 2004
To demonstrate the high spatiotemporal resolution of magnetoencephalography (MEG), we report three cases with focal epilepsy that exhibited bilateral synchronized spikes on simultaneous scalp EEG and MEG recording. Constant time lags (19.4 +/- 3.0 ms and 20.0 +/- 5.5) between the leading and the following contralateral spikes were noted on ...
Dimova Petia S - - 2004
The 2-year history of a 10-year-old boy with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is presented. After 6 months of epilepsy manifested by atypical absences and myoclonic-atonic seizures with an electroencephalographic (EEG) correlation of generalized spike-and polyspike-wave discharges, the child developed chorioretinitis and demonstrated a dramatic intellectual decline during corticosteroid treatment. Neuroimaging investigations ...
Nalini Atchayaram - - 2004
A retrospective clinical and biochemical analysis of 41 pediatric patients with cerebral lipidoses seen between 1995 to 2003 was performed at a tertiary referral center for neurologic disorders in southern India. Enzyme assays in serum and leukocytes, including histopathology, neuroimaging, and neurophysiology studies, were performed. There were 20 cases of ...
Harzy Taoufik - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Primary hypoparathyroidism and adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder in the same patient does not seem to have been reported previously. We report two cases in first-degree relatives. PATIENTS: Case 1: In 1999, a 41-year-old woman experienced seizures simulating epilepsy. She had been treated 5 years earlier for idiopathic adhesive ...
Onenli-Mungan Neslihan - - 2004
Hyperprolinemia type II (HP II) is a rare inherited metabolic disease due to the deficiency of pyroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase. It is generally believed to be a benign condition although some patients have neurological problems such as refractory convulsions. Here we report a six-year-old girl with HP II who admitted to our ...
Puligheddu Monica - - 2004
Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a world-wide, diffuse, non-epidemic infection caused by the Gram-negative bacillus Bartonella henselae. The occurrence of encephalopathy represents an infrequent and atypical complication, whose manifestations include ischemic strokes, transverse myelitis and epileptic seizures. Status epilepticus has been described as the most frequent emergency in CSD encephalopathy. ...
Armelisasso C C Institute of Neurology, Catholic University of Rome, Policlinico Agostino Gemelli, Rome, - - 2004
Hypoparathyroidism, a life threatening disorder, occurs when insufficient parathyroid hormone is produced to maintain extracellular calcium levels within the normal range. The acute clinical signs and symptoms of hypoparathyroidism are the same as those of hypocalcemia, ranging from tingling to intractable generalized tonic-clonic seizures; therefore, it can be mistaken for ...
Ances Beau M - - 2004
We review the literature concerning the initial presentation of neurosyphilis in status epilepticus (SE) and provide an additional case of a 41-year-old male with no past medical history of seizures who presented in status epilepticus with subsequent laboratory confirmation of neurosyphilis. Neurosyphilis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ...
Cuenca Peter John - - 2004
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely used in the community for treating many forms of mental illness. Citalopram, a newer generation SSRI, is commonly prescribed but, despite its low toxicity profile, has a danger of seizure and dysrhythmias in overdose. This case report documents the key aspects in treatment ...
Dodrill Carl B - - 2004
The neuropsychological effects of seizures, including an accumulation of single attacks, on mental abilities are explored through a selective review of the world's literature. Each paper included in this review was longitudinal in nature, and in each case, formal psychological testing was accomplished both at the beginning and at the ...
Binder Devin K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the history of Robert Bentley Todd (1809-1860) and certain of his contributions to medicine, including his original and subsequent descriptions of "epileptic hemiplegia," which came to be called "Todd's paralysis." METHODS: The author conducted a comprehensive review of English-language literature, modern and historical, related to "Todd's paralysis" ...
DellaBadia J J - - 2004
Although most human cases of West Nile (WN) fever are benign, approximately 1% produce severe neurological illness. Meningitis and/or encephalitis comprise 75% of hospitalized cases with seizures in 10-15%. Occipital lobe seizures, often mimicking other primary seizure types due to extra-occipital spread, is uncommon in adults and especially so from ...
Smith Joseph R - - 2004
Clinical and electrographic data were reviewed on 2 of our patients with orbitofrontal epilepsy who were seizure free at 5-year follow-up, and on 2 similar patients from the literature. One of our patients was lesional, and the other was nonlesional. Interictal EEG discharges were lateralized to the side of invasively ...
Aydin Adem - - 2004
Thyroxine-induced epilepsy is a very rare condition occurring in epileptic patients. Here we report a boy with thyroxine-induced hypermotor seizure (HMS) following thyroxine administration for his central hypothyroidism secondary to surgery and cranial radiation for his brain tumor. After 3 years seizure-free period, he had repeated HMS, seven to eight ...
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