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Christoffersen S - - 2007
In a forensic setting, deaths due to seizures, either epileptic or other, present a well-known problem. Cause of death is rarely established on the basis of physical evidence, but on circumstantial evidence such as tongue biting or discharge of urine or faeces. Seizures have several different aetiologies, but in police ...
Iyadurai Stanley Jones P - - 2007
Energy drinks contain a mixture of compounds, of which caffeine, guarana, and herbal supplements such as ginkgo and ginseng are major components. Survey of popular literature reveals anecdotal observations of adverse events associated with consumption of energy drinks. However, there are no reported cases in the published literature. We report ...
Sikkel Markus Bernardus - - 2007
A case of asystolic collapse and subsequent progression to apnoea as a presenting feature of cerebral glioma is presented. The pathophysiological mechanism is likely to have been a focal seizure within subcortical regions affecting autonomic function. This example and others in the literature illustrate that severe and life-threatening cardiorespiratory manifestations ...
Shoja Mohammadali M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Visually evoked seizures have been reported for almost 2,000 years. This source of seizure activity, however, seems to have increased recently with the advent of new technologies used for television and computer games. METHODS: The present paper reviews the literature regarding this interesting phenomenon. RESULTS: After our review, it ...
Papacostas Savvas S - - 2007
We present the case of a boy with tuberous sclerosis who was referred for evaluation and treatment of his intractable epileptic seizures, having failed multiple anti-epileptic drug trials. He was subsequently treated with Levetiracetam that was gradually titrated to an effective dose, achieving full suppression of his seizures. Thereafter, his ...
Bauer Gerhard - - 2007
The main categories of nonconvulsive status epilepticus are: complex partial and absence status. Absence status was reported to occur de novo in later life as a situation-related, single event. We report four cases of absence status with presentation after the age of 60 years. At admission, no history of epilepsy ...
Jocic-Jakubi Bosanka - - 2007
This case report describes the clinical evolution of a symptomatic epileptic encephalopathy with bilateral continuous spike-waves during slow wave sleep (BCSWS) in a 3-year-old girl. Her epilepsy with focal motor seizures during sleep was later complicated by myoclonic, atonic and clonic seizures culminating in BCSWS. The clinical picture, clinical course ...
Mortati Katherine - - 2007
Although more data are needed, animal studies and clinical experience suggest that marijuana or its active constituents may have a place in the treatment of partial epilepsy. Here we present the case of a 45-year-old man with cerebral palsy and epilepsy who showed marked improvement with the use of marijuana. ...
Cushman Jeremy T - - 2007
A case report of seizure due to photic stimulation from sunlight shining through spinning helicopter rotor blades is discussed. A review of photosensitive epilepsy is provided with particular emphasis on the effects and frequencies of photic stimulation required to induce symptoms. The frequencies of flashing light produced by spinning helicopter ...
Braverman Samuel - - 2007
[2,3]Sigmatropic rearrangements of propargyl sulfonium ylides along with recent advances in the correspondingsulfenate-sulfoxide and sulfinate-sulfone type rearrangements are reviewed. Some new additionalexamples of these types of transformations, including rearrangements of propargylic dialkoxy disulfidesare also surveyed.
Thundiyil Josef G - - 2007
Lamotrigine is an antiepileptic agent. There is only one previous report of a seizure associated with lamotrigine overdose with laboratory confirmation (a 2-year-old girl, lamotrigine level of 3.8 mg/L). A healthy 19-month-old boy ingested an unknown amount of his sister's lamotrigine tablets. Twenty minutes later, the child experienced generalized seizure ...
Vulliemoz S - - 2007
Turner's syndrome (TS), resulting from deletion of one X chromosome in women, is associated with cerebral development abnormalities, particularly in the temporal lobes. Symptomatic epilepsy is described only in cases with extensive malformations. Here, we report the first case of bilateral temporal epilepsy without macroscopic cerebral malformation in a woman ...
Machado Alexandre - - 2006
We describe the neurological manifestations of 119 patients with WD (93 index cases and 26 affected family members) seen between 1963 and 2004. The mean age at symptoms onset was 19.6 years (range, 7-37 years). Medical records were reviewed for the patient's first neurological examination. The most frequent neurological manifestations ...
Koukou Areti - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report complete change of seizure and spike lateralization over time in bilateral temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE). METHODS: Repetition of video-EEG monitorings in 115 patients; 2 cases are reported in detail; 113 other severe partial epilepsies were included to estimate retrospectively the frequency of the reported phenomenon. RESULTS: In ...
Guedj Eric - - 2006
We report the case of a 49-year-old right-handed woman with brief partial seizures in which the clinical semiology was marked by an early humming automatism. MRI fusion of the registered ictal and interictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) substraction exhibited a left neural network involving lateral temporal, inferior frontal, and ...
Papacostas S S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss a case of a woman who for many years was presumed to have nonepileptic seizures (NES), but proved to actually have both electrical and non-electrical seizures, the latter occurring in a close temporal association with the former. To also discuss the seimiology her true as ...
Ozge Aynur - - 2006
The aim of the report is to present a case of an autonomic headache associated with autonomic seizures. A 19-year-old male who had had complex partial seizures for 15 years was admitted with autonomic complaints and left hemicranial headache, independent from seizures, that he had had for 2 years and ...
Tuncel Deniz - - 2006
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) can show variations in its clinical course. Typical initial symptoms consist of intellectual decline, deterioration in school performance, and myoclonic jerks. Atypical forms of presentation such as generalized seizures and acute or subacute coma can be observed rarely. This report describes a 5-year-old boy with an ...
Strazzer Sandra - - 2006
We report the case of a 32-month-old female patient presenting with cerebellar pilocytic astrocytoma with epileptic seizures, psychomotor delay, and severe language delay. Usually, the typical onset of cerebellar tumor is characterized by raised intracranial pressure and cerebellar incoordination. A review of the few cases reported in the literature evidencing ...
Spanaki Marianna V - - 2006
Distinguishing epilepsy from syncope often can be challenging. We report a case of a 20-year-old patient with presumed refractory epilepsy since the age of 3 years. Although the clinical suspicion of syncope was raised at the age of 9 years, key historic features were not identified, cardiac work-up was not ...
Rojas Luisa - - 2006
The presence of subependymal nodular heterotopia and cortical dysgenesis has been infrequently reported in patients with encephalocele. The majority of these patients were found to have posterior encephaloceles. We report a case of a Hispanic female with a frontoethmoidal encephalocele who developed epilepsy at 15 years of age. Magnetic resonance ...
Dericioglu Nese - - 2006
The MURCS association is a rare, nonrandom association of müllerian duct aplasia, renal aplasia and cervicothoracic somite dysplasia. The etiology is unknown. Although it is usually a sporadic disorder, familial cases with uterovaginal anomalies have been reported. Occasionally, it may be accompanied by abnormalities involving various other organs or systems. ...
Tadokoro Yukari - - 2006
Autoscopy is an experience of seeing oneself in external space, viewed from within one's own physical body. It is a complex psycho-sensorial hallucinatory perception of one's own body image projected into external visual space, with epilepsy one of the common disorders reported to be associated with the experience. A survey ...
Morse Lara E - - 2006
Krabbe disease is a rare, recessively inherited degenerative disorder of myelin, caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme galactocerebroside beta-galactosidase. Ninety-five percent of cases begin in early infancy, typically presenting with irritability, hypertonicity, tonic spasms, visual loss with optic atrophy, and occasionally seizures. In 5% of cases, symptoms begin ...
Dubois-Teklali Fanny - - 2006
We report the case of a male aged 2 years 6 months with left temporal lobe epilepsy who presented with ictal bradycardia syndrome leading to asystole. The clinical presentation was remarkable for the occurrence of clustering syncope. A seizure was recorded on a video electroencephalogram- electrocardiogram and analyzed. A cardiac ...
Bindu M - - 2006
Hypoparathyroidism occurs due to insufficient production of parathyroid hormone to maintain extracellular calcium levels within the normal range. The acute clinical symptoms and signs of hypoparathyroidism are those of hypocalcaemia, ranging from tingling and numbness of limb extremities to intractable seizures. Often seizures are mistaken for epilepsy. Though hypoparathyroidism is ...
Barbosa Egberto Reis - - 2007
White matter lesions (WML) and epilepsy have been occasionally seen in Wilson's disease. No cases of generalized myoclonus have been reported so far. We present a patient with psychiatric symptoms starting at age 16, followed by tremor, generalized dystonia and severe generalized myoclonus. In addition to classical findings, the MRI ...
Ng Yu-tze - - 2006
The prevalence and clinical characteristics of mesial temporal sclerosis have not been well studied in children. All brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reports of children less than 14 years of age were reviewed from two tertiary institutions. A 52-month period from one institution and a 37-month period from the other ...
Montenegro Maria Augusta - - 2006
The coexistence of absence and rolandic epilepsy is extremely rare. This coexistence has been attributed to either the treatment or an atypical course of the disease. However, for some authors, this issue remains controversial. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl presenting with both absence seizures and focal seizures ...
Al-Adawi Samir - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that there exists a close relationship between seizure discharges and functional recovery from brain injury, and that paroxysmal bombardment in late seizures may herald functional recovery or may "kick-start" recovery. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 52-year-old patient who, following a subarachnoid hemorrhage ...
Tuma Vanessa Costa - - 2006
AIM: To assess whether or not the parameters of fixed and randomized saccadic movements, of pendular tracking and of optokinetic nystagmus in the digital vectonystagmography may show abnormalities in patients with possible diagnosis of peripheral vestibular dysfunction. METHOD: 60 patients with dizziness of peripheral vestibular origin, from 12 to 82 ...
Joshi Charuta N - - 2006
Postictal psychosis is a state of psychosis following repeated or prolonged complex partial seizures with or without secondary generalization and is well described in adult epilepsy literature. It is sparsely reported in the pediatric literature. This report describes a 12-year-old male presenting with status epilepticus who developed psychotic symptoms. Diagnosis ...
Pragt Elien - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This case report describes convulsions and hemiparesis after retrobulbar injection with good outcome in a patient undergoing outpatient cryocoagulation of his right eye. CASE REPORT: We report a young man in which localized convulsions of the ipsilateral face occurred 9 minutes after retrobulbar injection followed shortly by convulsions of ...
Adami P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The case report suggests the indispensability of preoperative accurate psychiatric checkups especially in temporal resections. METHOD: A single case was reported. RESULTS: We report the case of a 20-year-old woman suffering for 12 years from primary generalized epilepsy, attributed to left-sided hippocampal sclerosis. Because seizures were resistant to drug ...
Weber Yvonne G - - 2006
Epileptic nystagmus (EN) is characterized by repetitive eye movements as a symptom of seizure activity. Two cases of EN are reported including ictal EEG, video recordings and MRI. In addition, we review the published cases and pathophysiological background of EN. The cardinal cortical region for EN is located at the ...
Muramoto Osamu - - 2006
PURPOSE: Some enigmatic remarks and behaviors of Socrates have been a subject of debate among scholars. We investigated the possibility of underlying epilepsy in Socrates by analyzing pathographic evidence in ancient literature from the viewpoint of the current understanding of seizure semiology. METHODS: We performed a case study from a ...
Salayev Kamran Ali - - 2006
Interhemispheric time difference (ITD) measured by electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) was compared to seizure outcome after callosotomy. Two patients with frequent drop attacks underwent simultaneous EEG and MEG before and after total callosotomy. ITDs in 30 bilateral synchronized (BS) discharges were calculated independently by EEG and MEG. As minimum ...
Polychronopoulos Panagiotis - - 2006
Cases with a clinical and electroencephalographic phenotype of benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) in association with a proven organic brain lesion have rarely been reported. To our knowledge, we herein describe for the first time a patient with Wilson's disease who subsequently manifested BECTS. Our case bolsters ...
Polesin Alena - - 2006
Post-anoxic myoclonus is a rare movement disorder manifested by diffuse action-triggered jerking movements that may result in significant disability. The incidence of this disorder is not clearly established, but over 122 cases have so far been reported in the literature. The pathogenesis is not entirely known, although it has been ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2006
We report the case of 36-year-old woman who had suffered from focal-unilateral right febrile grand mal since she was 9 months old as a result of neonatal asphyxia. Over the years, a modification of the clinical picture occurred and eventually the patient suffered from paranoid delusions that impaired her ability ...
Florindo Irene - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the semiological features of auditory aura and to assess their possible lateralizing value in partial epilepsy. METHODS: Out of a series of 8,000 patients with epilepsy, we investigated 121 cases with partial seizures in whom auditory features were the first ictal symptom. According to the dominant type ...
Kazek Beata - - 2006
Introduction: Toxocarosis is a consequence of human infection by Toxocara canis larvae. There are symptomatic (visceral, ocular) and asymptomatic courses of toxocarosis. The cerebral form is very rare. Case report: We present a seven-year-old patient who developed a cerebral form of toxocarosis. She demonstrated focal neurological symptoms (epilepsy) confirmed by ...
Tran Duc-Si - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of epilepsy in a rural district of Lao PDR and to describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of the disease. METHODS: Door-to-door screening was performed on the entire population of 8 randomly selected villages in the Hinheub district, using an internationally validated and standardized questionnaire. ...
Berman Jeffrey A - - 2006
Ephedra containing products (ECPs), which most often contain additional sources of caffeine alkaloids, may be an under-recognized cause of hypertension. ECPs, especially when used in combination or at higher than recommended doses, can cause life-threatening cardiovascular and neurological complications. We present a case of hypertensive encephalopathy with new onset generalized ...
Dlugos Dennis J - - 2006
Presented is the case of a child with epilepsy with dramatic evolution between the ages of 18 months and 3 years. Initially, the case is one of treatment-responsive focal epilepsy, but then evolves to treatment-resistant focal epilepsy with an epileptic encephalopathy. The case demonstrates the poorly understood entities of age-related ...
Hogan R E - - 2006
To report a case of temporal lobe epilepsy with clinical presentation of paroxysmal episodes of "tightness" over the right hemiface, and ictal crying, and review electroclinical localisation of this phenomenon. Clinical semiology, neurophysiological localising tests, and epilepsy surgery outcome are reported in a subject presenting with paroxysmal right hemifacial movements ...
Abilleira S?nia - - 2005
We describe a 70-year-old woman with a 2-month history of a numb chin and gradually increasing bilateral headache and malaise. Neurological examination disclosed chin hypoesthesia while investigations showed a normocytic anemia, ESR of 100, and CRP of 72. A CT brain scan, chest X-ray, and bone scan showed no evidence ...
Hughes John R - - 2005
The goal of this article is to review the idiosyncratic aspects of the epilepsy of Fyodor Dostoevsky, one of the greatest writers of all time. The onset of his seizures is controversial, with some evidence pointing to his childhood and other reports that would place the onset in his teens ...
Been J V - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pyridoxine dependent epilepsy is a rare cause of seizures in childhood. The diagnosis is made on clinical criteria, that in many cases are never met. Therefore, epidemiological data on pyridoxine dependency are scarce. AIMS: To study the epidemiology of pyridoxine dependent epilepsy in the Netherlands, and to determine whether ...
Dolenc Tamara J - - 2005
Early reports cautioned against the combination of lithium and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), citing risk of excessive cognitive disturbance, prolonged apnea, and spontaneous seizures. However, recent case series with larger numbers of patients indicate that the combination may be used safely and with optimal efficacy in certain clinical circumstances. In this ...
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