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Olaniyi J A JA Department of Haematology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, - - 2009
This is a case report of a 35 year old female with diagnosed Immune Thrombocytopaenic Purpura (ITP) that was strangely followed by acute myeloid leukaemia at 10 months post diagnosis of ITP. She was managed as ITP using prednisolone 45 mg daily for 10 months with good response. She also ...
Meehan William P - - 2008
Although sport-related concussion is a common injury, it is infrequently associated with seizure. While concussive convulsions, consisting of brief, generalized myoclonic activity while an athlete is unconscious have been described, the authors are aware of no published cases of concussion complicated by focal motor seizures. The authors describe the case ...
Umeoka Shuichi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: A rare case of orbitofrontal lobe epilepsy manifesting gelastic seizure is reported. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old woman had developed weekly complex partial seizures consisting of nonverbal vocalization and unresponsiveness followed by laughter. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a round tumorous lesion at the posterior side of the right rectal gyrus ...
Saito Takahiro - - 2008
Tardive seizure is a serious adverse reaction of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). However, it was rarely reported in ECT sessions for psychiatric patients who needed concurrent antibiotic treatments. We present 2 cases of patients with schizophrenia who manifested a catatonic syndrome and were indicated for ECT, along with antibiotic therapies for ...
Kister Ilya - - 2008
We describe a young woman with localized scleroderma, seizures, numerous persistently enhancing white matter lesions on brain MRI, and oligoclonal bands in the CSF. The case is remarkable in the widespread bilateral distribution of the lesions and their enhancement during more than a year of follow-up despite immunosuppression. Literature search ...
Barbagallo Massimo - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence and outcome of the most frequent type of epilepsy in infancy-infantile spasms (IS)-are well characterized in the setting of most neurocutaneous disorders. By contrast, still there is no study describing the natural history of IS in the setting of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two patients ...
Maloy Kevin - - 2011
Background: Transient global amnesia is characterized by the sudden development of dense anterograde amnesia, without alteration in level of consciousness and in the absence of focal neurologic deficits or seizure activity. Various precipitating causes have been reported in the medical literature. Objective: To present a literature-guided approach to the diagnosis ...
Chowdhury F A - - 2008
The diagnosis of first seizure or epilepsy may be challenging and misdiagnosis can occur. Studies carried out in various settings have reported misdiagnosis rates of between 4.6% and 30%. Misdiagnosis can lead to serious consequences including driving and employment restrictions and inappropriate treatments. Most studies focus on ways of reducing ...
Adelöw Cecilia - - 2009
To describe and report initial findings of a system for prospective identification and follow-up of patients with newly diagnosed single unprovoked seizures and epilepsy in Stockholm, Sweden, the Stockholm Incidence Registry of Epilepsy (SIRE). From September 2001 through August 2004, a surveillance system has been in use to identify incident ...
Negishi Yasuyuki - - 2008
A 33-year-old primigravida experienced a delayed eclamptic convulsion. Following the convulsion, an i.v. administration of magnesium sulfate was utilized in response to cerebroarterial vasospasms, which were seen before and 1 week after the convulsion. Our findings confirm that the appropriate use of magnesium sulfate is necessary in such cases.
Davidsson Josef - - 2008
PURPOSE: To characterize a deletion of chromosome 2q at the molecular level in a patient suffering from severe epilepsy resembling severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy/Dravet's syndrome (SMEI/DS) and to correlate other cases harboring deletions in the same region to morphological and clinical data. METHODS: Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) ...
Roulet-Perez Eliane - - 2008
To report the case of a child with short absences and occasional myoclonias since infancy who was first diagnosed with an idiopathic generalized epilepsy, but was documented at follow-up to have a mild phenotype of glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome. Unlike other reported cases of Glut-1 DS and epilepsy, ...
Brodtkorb Eylert - - 2008
Incomplete case finding is a problem in epidemiological studies of epilepsy. We tried to optimize case ascertainment by combining information from individual interviews and medical records. During 2 years, 1838 inhabitants of Vågå, Norway, aged 18-65 (88.6% of the target population) were interviewed as part of an epidemiological study of ...
Hall Bryan D - - 2008
In 1947 the term phakomatosis pigmentovascularis (PPV) was coined to represent the association of widespread, aberrant, and persistent nevus flammeus and pigmentary abnormalities. Four types of PPV have been recognized with type II (nevus flammeus and Mongolian spots) being the most common. Most early cases were of Asian or African ...
Wilcox R A - - 2008
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a relapsing, but exquisitely corticosteroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis. Although a rare disease, with just over 100 cases reported, it may be under-recognised. Its presentation can be protean with prominent neuropsychiatric features, stroke-like episodes, seizures and myoclonic jerks. Prompt corticosteroid treatment usually leads to rapid ...
Shukla Garima - - 2008
Seizures and psychosis coexist in a large number of patients with epilepsy, and a significant amount of research on their relationship has been published. There are several reports and reviews on postictal and interictal psychosis in patients with epilepsy. We describe three patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, each of ...
Bilban Marjan - - 2008
PURPOSE: To compare medical evaluations of driving capability of drivers with epilepsy with the rules of Slovenian legislation. METHODS: Our research included all drivers in Slovenia that were evaluated as epileptic between 1993 and 2002. The results were processed using the standard descriptive statistical methods. RESULTS: During the 10-year period, ...
Rotenberg Alexander - - 2008
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been applied with variable success to terminate the seizures of epilepsia partialis continua. The rationale for using this technique to suppress ongoing seizures is the capacity of rTMS to interrupt ongoing neuronal activity, and to produce a lasting decrease in cortical excitability with low-frequency ...
Koutsouraki Ephrosyni - - 2008
This article describes a very rare case of a double cortex syndrome in a man aged 32 years old who started from the age of 14 years having seizures and many other epileptic manifestations that continue to the present age, being always intractable to various therapeutic regimes. The neuroimaging revealed ...
Simon Esan - - 2008
A case report is presented of a 36-year-old U.S. Coast Guard aviator who had a single seizure while operating a helicopter on the ground. His seizure activity produced a loss of consciousness during which he pushed the cyclic to the left anterior quadrant that resulted in a ground mishap. No ...
Strzelczyk Adam - - 2008
Events of ictal bradycardia or asystole may be of relevance in epilepsy patients presenting with ictal falls, and are a potential contributor to SUDEP. The literature on ictal bradycardia or asystole is anecdotal and consists of case reports and small case series. There are no guidelines for the care of ...
Feron Frans J M - - 2008
Clonidine is used as second-line medication for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children. Product information concerning clonidine reported seizures only after overdosage of clonidine, and the prescription of clonidine has not been contraindicated in patients with known epilepsy. The present case report discusses a possible association of ...
Chang Ying-Chao - - 2008
Neonatal seizures are critical conditions because they are usually related to significant illnesses that require a specific therapy. Antepartum and peripartum seizures are very rare, and represent signs of prenatal-onset neurologic dysfunction. A review of the literature revealed that the main etiologies include severe brain malformations, multiple anomalies, and metabolic ...
Reuber Markus - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship of epilepsy and criminal behavior. METHODS: Case series based on all criminal cases found "not guilty by reason of insanity" (NGRI) because of epilepsy in England and Wales between 1975 and 2001. Data were extracted from medico-legal reports held by the Mental Health Unit at ...
Booker Matthew J - - 2008
We report the case of a 28 year-old immigrant Asian man from the Punjab region with a first presentation of seizures. This patient had no significant past medical history, but suffered several headaches in the preceding week and was pyrexial on presentation. A CT scan of his head showed a ...
Jordan James W - - 2007
This article reviews the Cleveland Epilepsy Classification (CEC) of seizure semiology. It defines the concept of semiology, and reviews its importance in epilepsy in defining the Symptomatogenic Zone, one of the five zones that make up the Epileptogenic Zone. It details the four broader spheres that contain all of the ...
Seidenberg Michael - - 2007
The issue of cognitive progression in people with epilepsy is of considerable interest and has important clinical and theoretical implications. In this paper, we review recent studies in both the adult and childhood epilepsy literature which have included a longitudinal test-retest design to examine this question. Several important methodological issues ...
Verma S - - 2007
A 13-year-old boy with thalassemia major presented with generalized seizures. He was non-chelated and had hypoparathyroidism with extensive intracranial calcification, an association that is rarely reported.
Uthman Basim - - 2008
We report three cases of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) in which electroencephalograms (EEGs) were dominated by rhythmic or semirhythmic, high-voltage, diffuse, delta activity. These recordings initially contained little or no clear epileptiform activity. Two of these patients had prolonged episodes of NCSE, which were recorded with continuous long-term EEGs. These ...
Kaya Dilaver - - 2007
The aim of the study described here was to analyze findings in 15 cases who were admitted with nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) and whose EEGs featured atypical triphasic waves (ATWs). We also investigated whether ATWs are useful for diagnosing this condition. Mental status was assessed, and EEGs were recorded during/after ...
Kaczala Gregor W - - 2008
CASE PRESENTATION: A substance abusing G2P1 mother spontaneously delivered at term an appropriate for gestational age girl. Neonatal seizures appeared at 21 hours and empiric anticonvulsive and antimicrobial treatment was started. At 25 hours, first vesicles appeared. While routine evaluations remained normal, a head CT revealed multifocal ischemic injuries, and ...
Shirasaka Yukiyoshi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Little is known about childhood epilepsy in Vietnam, and because the causes of symptomatic epilepsy could be the result of both rapid economic development and traditional Vietnamese lifestyle, the purpose of the present paper was to clarify the nature of childhood epilepsy in Vietnam. METHOD: A classification of epilepsy ...
Griffeth Benjamin T - - 2007
Electroconvulsive therapy has been a novel treatment for about half a century, effective for severe psychiatric conditions. Over the years, the treatment has been refined with the addition of anesthesia. Different inducing agents have been used in clinical practice over the last few decades including propofol, methohexital, and etomidate. Previous ...
Vukadinovic Zoran - - 2007
Epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) is characterized by focal seizures that cannot be stopped. The most common cause of EPC in children is Rasmussen's encephalitis. In this video case report, we describe an 11-year old female with continuous lingual EPC for two years. She has shown no signs of Rasmussen's Encephalitis ...
Chang Richard S K - - 2007
'Mah-jong epilepsy' is a rare reflex epilepsy syndrome, manifesting as recurrent epileptic seizures triggered by either playing or just watching mah-jong. We present three patients with this condition and review all the reported cases. Mah-jong-induced seizures can be considered a subtype of cognition-induced epilepsy. Nonetheless, these patients have distinctive clinical ...
Di Dio Adam S - - 2007
Palinacousis is an auditory illusion rarely reported in cases of temporal lobe dysfunction. Detailed observations where made by Jacobs et al. in 1973. Since that time, only a few other cases have been described in the literature. After reviewing the literature and comparing our clinical experience, we believe that palinacousis ...
Kamath Shankar - - 2007
We report an adult patient presenting with choreiform movements 4 days after a large intravenous dose of cocaine. These movements were transitory and they normalized a week after admission. We believe this to be the first video case of acute chorea secondary to cocaine--a phenomenon popularly known as "crack dancing. ...
Sienaert Pascal - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on the concurrent use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and anticonvulsant drugs (AC) and to provide recommendations to guide clinical practice. METHODS: A MEDLINE search (1985-2006) was performed, using the terms "electroconvulsive therapy," "anticonvulsants," "epilepsy," "carbamazepine," "gabapentin," "lamotrigine," "topiramate," and "valproate," supplemented by manual searches of ...
Rousso I H - - 2008
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HH) are rare congenital lesions of the tuber cinereum presenting with the classic triad of gelastic epilepsy, central precocious puberty (CPP) and developmental delay. In light of the important and diverse consequences of precocious puberty for affected children and their families, a correct diagnosis without delay is imperative. ...
Fernández-Torre José L - - 2007
We report a patient diagnosed as having subacute encephalopathy with frequent seizures in alcoholics (SESA syndrome), in which recurrent, non-convulsive seizures of frontal origin contributed significantly to the alteration of the mental state. Our case suggests that the occurrence of episodes of complex partial status epilepticus (CPSE) may contribute greatly ...
Merlino Giovanni - - 2007
The term "migralepsy" indicates a particular condition in which seizures occur during a migraine attack. Several cases of seizures associated with migraine with aura and characterized by transient MRI abnormalities have been published. We report the case of a patient who presented 2 generalized seizures during an attack of migraine ...
Cantey Joseph B - - 2007
We present 2 cases of late postpartum eclampsia in adolescents presenting to the pediatric emergency department, neither of whom had any antepartum symptoms of preeclampsia. The purpose of this report is to discuss the importance of a high index of suspicion for preeclampsia in the postpartum adolescent who complains of ...
Scalia Jason - - 2007
Whereas pathological seizure states, such as temporal lobe epilepsy, are commonly associated with cell loss and glial scarring in the hippocampus, seizures induced via electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) have not been associated with histological evidence of neuronal damage. We present a case report including the late-life medical history and postmortem histology ...
Powell Emilie S - - 2007
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a transient clinical neuroradiological entity characterized by clinical signs and symptoms including hypertension, generalized seizure activity, altered mental status, headache, and vision changes; along with characteristic findings on head computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scan. Albeit a rare condition, PRES is most commonly ...
O'Donovan Cormac A - - 2007
Episodic hemipareis is usually thought to have a vascular etiology. Ictal paresis during seizures usually occurs with other clinical signs. The exact mechanism by which weakness occurs during seizures is difficult to determine as positive and negative motor phenomenona occur in rapid succession. This case describes a girl with episodic ...
Ghofrani Mohammad - - 2007
Nonconvulsive status epilepticus may present with several manifestations, and many of them may not be obvious. The most important for the diagnosis of nonconvulsive status epilepticus is the electroencephalogram pattern. This is a case report of a 9-year-old boy with severe and continuous headache. He received chemotherapy for histiocytosis that ...
Rossetti A O - - 2007
Although fever may induce seizures, especially in children, its occurrence following epileptic spells has been rarely described, except from generalized convulsive status epilepticus. We present two patients suffering from focal seizures accompanied by episodes of post-ictal fever, and review similar reports in the literature of the last 40 years. Temperature ...
Braga A J - - 2007
We report a case of intentional overdose in a 29-year-old male with two of the newer anti-epileptic agents, lamotrigine and pregabalin. To our knowledge, this case report details the highest plasma levels of lamotrigine ever recorded in the literature. The patient presented with seizures and a reduced level of consciousness. ...
Sitnikov A R - - 2007
The management of patients with epilepsy in rural areas is often hampered by the lack of diagnostic facilities and neuro-radiologists. There are many congenital abnormalities which can present with seizures only, or in combination with other neurological symptoms. This case report examines the occurrence of the rare brain abnormality schizencephaly ...
Smyth Matthew D - - 2007
The authors report the successful use of radiosurgery in a child for posterior corpus callosotomy; the early results are good and the patient has not suffered any morbid conditions. The relevant literature pertaining to the use of radiosurgery for treating epilepsy is reviewed. Details of the radiosurgical techniques and prescription ...
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