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Minakshi Sardha - - 2012
Inversion of uterus is a rare complication of vaginal delivery. The reported incidence of puerperal inversion varies from approximately 1 in 550 to 1 in several thousand normal deliveries. Maternal mortality has been reported to be as high as 15%, mainly because of associated life threatening blood loss and shock. ...
Gupta Natasha N Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Chicago, IL 60608, - - 2012
Placenta percreta in early pregnancy is an extremely rare but life-threatening complication, for which very few cases have been reported in the literature worldwide, none from the United States. We report a patient with two previous cesarean deliveries, who presented with incomplete abortion at 17 weeks and underwent dilatation and ...
Majidi Mohammad Reza MR Ear, Nose and Throat Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2012
Lobular capillary hemangioma (LCH) is a benign lesion of vascular origin. It rarely involves nasal cavity which most commonly manifests as progressive nasal obstruction and epistaxis. In this report we present a case of LCH of the nasal cavity which occurred approximately one month after delivery. There was no recurrence ...
Glatstein Miguel - - 2011
Increase in use of atypical antipsychotics has been paralleled by an increase in the incidence of intentional and nonintentional overdose. Pediatric cases are uncommon, but may be severe. We describe a case of a child presenting with severe extrapiramidal symptoms, initially interpreted as seizures, caused by a nonintentional intoxication with ...
Bancalari Eugenia - - 2011
Ewing sarcoma (ES) and primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) are round-cell sarcomas with varying degrees of neuroectodermal differentiation; they are considered members of the same family of tumors based on their common genetic profile. ES/PNET are very infrequent in the female genital tract, the vagina being the rarest gynecological location, with ...
Kolacki Christian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptives are known to confer a risk of venous thromboembolism, including cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), to otherwise healthy women. NuvaRing (Organon USA, Inc., Roseland, NJ) is a contraceptive vaginal ring that delivers 120 μg of etonogestrel and 15 μg of ethinyl estradiol per day. Its use ...
Placide Ngendahayo - - 2011
Solitary fibrous tumor, initially described in the pleura, is now known to occur in various extrathoracic sites. However, its occurrence in the female genital tract, especially the vagina, is extremely rare. The authors report here a case of a well-circumscribed vaginal spindle cell nodule in a 48-year-old woman with features ...
Omololu O M - - 2011
An unusual case of non-puerperal uterine inversion is presented. The patient, a 37 year old multipara who had been earlier diagnosed with uterine fibroids, subsequently developed a protrusion from the vagina having declined surgery. The mass had become necrotic and infected at the time of presentation. Uterine inversion was diagnosed ...
Mínguez José Angel - - 2011
Vaginal evisceration is a rare gynecologic complication with less than 100 cases reported in the literature. We present a case of vaginal evisceration in a woman with multiple previous surgeries including a sacrocolpopexy. Vaginal mesh grafts have to be applied properly during sacrocolpopexy.
Aprile Anna - - 2011
The entities responsible for isolated vaginal bleeding are a broad spectrum of diseases. Vaginal bleeding in a prepubertal child is always treated as an alarming symptom both by parents and professionals. Most often, one of the first hypotheses is that a sexual abuse may be occurred and the clinical work ...
Srivastava Punit Kumar - - 2011
Omphalocele is a congenital midline abdominal wall defect that results in herniation of intraabdominal contents covered by a lining of peritoneum and amnion. The severity of the defect often ranges from a minor herniation of the umbilical cord to a significant protrusion that includes large proportions of intestine and liver. ...
Scattolin M A A - - 2011
Neurocutaneous melanosis is a rare, congenital, non-inherited syndrome characterized by numerous and/or large congenital nevi with intracranial leptomeningeal melanocytosis. This report describes two patients, presenting with a giant congenital nevus involving a major portion of the posterior trunk with satellite congenital nevi scattered all over the body, who developed seizures ...
Yusuf Lukman - - 2011
We are presenting two case series of vaginal foreign body (VFB) in patients belonging to two different age groups. The literature review, summary of the two cases, and, the corresponding discussions will be presented.
Tauro David P - - 2011
Abstract Syngnathia per se is a rare congenital disorder. A literature survey reveals a total of 26 cases of syngnathia in the English literature since 1936 of which only 7 cases involved fusion of the ascending ramus of the mandible to the posterior portion of the maxilla and zygomatic complex. ...
Garne Ester - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of multiple congenital anomalies is considered to be more sensitive for the detection of new teratogens than surveillance of all or isolated congenital anomalies. Current literature proposes the manual review of all cases for classification into isolated or multiple congenital anomalies. METHODS: Multiple anomalies were defined as two ...
Al-Qattan Mohammad M - - 2011
Dorsal dimelia (congenital palmar polyonychia) of the hand is defined as the presence of an ectopic palmar nail at the tip of the finger with evidence of dorsalisation of the palmar skin. All reported human cases involved the little or ring fingers and none of the affected digits were subjected ...
Chiaradia G - - 2011
Precalcaneal congenital fibrolipomatous hamartoma is a benign condition of infancy that is possibly underdiagnosed because of the lack of reports in the literature. Lesions become evident after the first months of life and may be troublesome to parents and physicians. Patients are frequently referred to the pediatric surgeon for evaluation. ...
Rizkalla Hala - - 2011
Congenital fibrosarcoma is a rare, soft tissue malignancy of infancy, most commonly involving the distal extremities. We report a case of congenital fibrosarcoma of the ileum in a 5-day-old boy who presented with an acute abdomen due to ileal perforation. Partial ileal resection was carried out with successful anastomosis. Grossly, ...
Uppal Kiranjit - - 2011
Meckel's diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract. This anomaly is due to the incomplete obliteration of the omphalomesenteric duct during the 7th week of gestation and is classically located 2 feet proximal to the ileocecal valve. Variations of this congenital malformation have been recorded based ...
Maman Daniel Y - - 2011
Entropion is a malposition of the eyelid causing an abnormal inversion of the eyelid margin. This results in symptomatic contact of the eyelashes with the surface of the globe resulting in corneal irritation. Symptoms primarily arise from irritation of the ocular surface. Corneal abrasions and scarring can occur. Although common ...
Diver Andrew J - - 2011
A unique case of congenital nasal septal deformity is reported with a chronological summary of literature pertaining to congenital nasal defects.
Su Pen-Hua - - 2011
Structural anomalies associated with partial 2p monosomy are rare. There has only been one case of interstitial deletion of 2p24.2-2p25.1 and three cases of 2p23.3-2p25.1 described in the literature. We report here the first instance of an interstitial deletion of 2p23p24, confirmed by comparative genome hybridization. We present a clinical ...
Fu Yaoyao - - 2011
An abnormal facial nerve (FN) course can be found in a significant number of patients with congenital aural atresia. However, the literature does not include any cases in which the tympanic portion of the FN was displaced lateral to ossicles. We report a unique case of unilateral congenital aural atresia ...
Loh Brian Wz - - 2011
A rare case of congenital bipartite lunate in a child is reported. Carpal variants are very uncommon as independent entities, with only three previous reports of this condition in the English literature. An 11-year-old Caucasian boy presented with pain in the left wrist after a fall. Radiographs in the emergency ...
Tungshusakul Samuch - - 2011
Congenital hypoplasia of the extensor tendons, which is defined as a congenital anomaly of the hand involving the extensor mechanism, is a rare condition and there are few previous reports in literature. We reported a case of bilateral congenital hypoplasia of the extensor tendons in a 12-year-old boy who presented ...
Patrelli Tito S - - 2011
Of all female genital tract tumors, 1-3% are stromal malignancies. In 8-10% of cases, these are represented by Müllerian adenosarcoma an extremely rare tumor characterized by a stromal component of usually low-grade malignancy and by a benign glandular epithelial component. Variant that arises in the pouch of Douglas is scarcely ...
Wang James C - - 2010
Congenital impatency of the nasolacrimal drainage system is relatively common. Dacryocystocele formation is an infrequent variant of such congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). Congenital dacryocystocele typically manifests as a mass in the medial canthal region; alternatively the nasolacrimal expansion may present solely intranasally as a nasolacrimal duct cyst. Despite the ...
Andriessen Marcel J G - - 2010
We present a case of a female newborn with a single air bubble on abdominal x-ray by pyloric atresia and a short review of the literature.
Greenall John - - 2011
In the UK, diagnosis of syphilis among women of child-bearing age has more than doubled between 1999 and 2007, and each year, around ten cases of congenital syphilis have been reported. Doctors should, therefore, be aware of the potential presentation of congenital syphilis, a deadly disease yet curable when managed ...
Nguyen Dang Khoa - - 2010
To ensure the overall quality of our electroencephalogram (EEG) laboratory, we decided to perform an audit of EEGs interpreted at our institution, focusing initially on EEGs reporting temporal abnormalities. Reports of all EEGs performed between January 1st and June 30th, 2006 were reviewed in order to identify tracings mentioning abnormalities ...
Pellicciari Alessandro - - 2011
Trimethylaminuria is a metabolic disorder characterized by the excessive excretion of trimethylamine in bodily secretions, which confers a very unpleasant odour resembling that of dead fish. Literature reports only two cases affected by trimethylaminuria and epilepsy. We describe a third patient who, from the age of seven, was affected by ...
Nguyen Ha Son - - 2011
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a well-known complication of diabetes mellitus, is associated with severe diffuse cerebral edema leading to brain herniation and death. Survival from an episode of symptomatic cerebral edema has been associated with debilitating neurological sequelae, including motor deficits, visual impairment, memory loss, seizures, and persistent vegetative states. A ...
Cavanna A E - - 2010
Epileptic seizures have historically been associated with religious beliefs in spirit possession. These attitudes and misconceptions about epilepsy still flourish in developing countries as byproducts of specific sociocultural environments. This article presents a case series of four Haitian patients with epilepsy whose seizures were initially attributed to Voodoo spirit possession. ...
Henry Julia - - 2010
Given the recent paper by Jang et al. on "A Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Influenza Virus" which reported a novel animal model of parkinsonism, we aimed to perform a complete historical review of the 20th and 21st century literature on parkinsonism and neurological manifestations of influenza. There were at least twelve ...
Elzawahry H - - 2010
Epileptic generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizures are differentiated from nonepileptic spells primarily by history. The historical features that can aid in making a diagnosis, such as urinary incontinence and tongue biting, are few. One additional piece of information we propose may be of clinical value is the stereotypical "ictal cry." We ...
Yazawa Hiroyuki - - 2010
Congenital partial absence of a fallopian tube has rarely been reported in the literature. A 29-year-old nulligravida woman presented with a two-year history of infertility. Hysterosalpingography revealed an obstructed left fallopian tube with a normal uterine cavity and right fallopian tube. After several AIH treatments, diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, revealing ...
Faulkner Howard J - - 2010
The management of medically intractable epilepsy is frequently assisted by the identification of structural abnormalities made possible by modern imaging techniques. The association between meningoencephaloceles and epileptic seizures is well reported in the literature. We report a patient with refractory right frontal lobe epilepsy caused by a right nasal meningoencephalocele ...
Byrne Richard W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Middle fossa encephaloceles are rare structural defects previously reported to cause complex partial seizures. Their debated etiology is either by failed union of temporal and sphenoid bone ossification centers or by erosion of the middle fossa floor secondary to pressure phenomena. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) often reveals abnormalities, ...
Espinosa Patricio S - - 2010
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is the most common transmissible human spongiform encephalopathy. Seizures and status epilepticus (SE) are an uncommon finding in CJD. We report a 64-year-old woman with rapid cognitive decline who had electroencephalographic (EEG) changes suggestive of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). She was later diagnosed with sporadic CJD (sCJD). ...
Gomes Marleide da Mota Mda - - 2010
Intrauterine seizure is a rare event. Genetic predisposition and trauma are possible risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To review and comment on the historical description of intrauterine events of a bastard daughter of Dom Pedro I (Maria Isabel Alcântara Brasileira - 1830-1896). METHOD: Review of historical facts about the health of Dom ...
Islam Aliya - - 2010
Foreign bodies in vagina are known to have been inserted by the patient herself or by some other person; as an aid to masturbation, sexual intercourse or sexual assault. The two most common items retained in adult females are tampons and burst condoms. Since long, vaginal deliveries and Obstetric and ...
Walker Jonathan E - - 2010
This article briefly reviews some of the past EEG treatments of epilepsy and discusses how QEEG may potentially enhance effectiveness of this approach. Several cases are presented in support of this approach.
Fu Pin-Kuei PK Division of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung 407, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2010
Sibutramine (Meridia in the United States, Reductil in Europe) is approved for weight reduction and weight maintenance. Although amnesia and seizure is listed as a reported adverse event of sibutramine in the US product information, our literature search in the PubMed website database found no published reports of theses adverse ...
Sahaya Kinshuk - - 2010
A 20-year-old woman was admitted for psychosis. On further investigation, she was found to be have viral encephalitis and generalized nonconvulsive seizures. After the seizures were controlled, she remained in a prolonged catatonic state. Repeated intravenous benzodiazepine administration, improved her cognition dramatically. This case emphasizes that catatonia may occur after ...
Strzelczyk Adam - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Autonomic seizures have been associated with seizure onset in the temporal or insular lobe and consist of variations in blood pressure and heart rate, sweating, flushing, piloerection, hypersalivation, vomiting, spitting, and alterations in bladder and bowel functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the localizing and lateralizing ...
Thomas Raji - - 2010
This article reviews the literature on life expectancy in the disabled population. The literature is surveyed with regard to the main elements that reduce life expectancy for people with disabilities. These are immobility, cognitive and intellectual impairment, swallowing problems and tube feeding, epilepsy and incontinence. The article discusses various improvements ...
Lindner Andreas K - - 2010
Children with human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) present with a range of generally non-specific symptoms. Late diagnosis is frequent with often tragic outcomes. Trypanosomes can infect the foetus by crossing the placenta. Unequivocal cases of congenital infection that have been reported include newborn babies of infected mothers who were diagnosed with ...
Assogba Komi - - 2010
Hypomelanosis of Ito (HI) is a rare neuroectodermal disorder often associated with mental retardation and epilepsy. We report on four new HI patients presenting with heterogeneous seizure manifestations and we review the literature concerning epileptic seizures in HI. At one extreme, there are patients with generalized seizures well controlled by ...
Cercy Steven P - - 2009
Gelastic epilepsy (GE) is an uncommon type of seizure disorder characterized by stereotyped, unprovoked, inappropriate ictal laughter. GE is most frequently associated with hypothalamic hamartoma, with onset almost invariably occurring during childhood. GE also occurs occasionally with temporal and frontal cortical seizure foci. We describe an unusual case of senescent-onset ...
Surges Rainer - - 2009
Seizure-induced syncope is uncommon and is usually due to peri-ictal bradycardia and asystole. In contrast, peri-ictal atrioventricular conduction block (AV block) has been reported only rarely. Here, we review the literature on peri-ictal AV block and describe a patient with recurrent episodes of epigastric auras that were occasionally followed by ...
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