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Tauro David P - - 2011
Abstract Syngnathia per se is a rare congenital disorder. A literature survey reveals a total of 26 cases of syngnathia in the English literature since 1936 of which only 7 cases involved fusion of the ascending ramus of the mandible to the posterior portion of the maxilla and zygomatic complex. ...
Garne Ester - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of multiple congenital anomalies is considered to be more sensitive for the detection of new teratogens than surveillance of all or isolated congenital anomalies. Current literature proposes the manual review of all cases for classification into isolated or multiple congenital anomalies. METHODS: Multiple anomalies were defined as two ...
Al-Qattan Mohammad M - - 2011
Dorsal dimelia (congenital palmar polyonychia) of the hand is defined as the presence of an ectopic palmar nail at the tip of the finger with evidence of dorsalisation of the palmar skin. All reported human cases involved the little or ring fingers and none of the affected digits were subjected ...
Chiaradia G - - 2011
Precalcaneal congenital fibrolipomatous hamartoma is a benign condition of infancy that is possibly underdiagnosed because of the lack of reports in the literature. Lesions become evident after the first months of life and may be troublesome to parents and physicians. Patients are frequently referred to the pediatric surgeon for evaluation. ...
Rizkalla Hala - - 2011
Congenital fibrosarcoma is a rare, soft tissue malignancy of infancy, most commonly involving the distal extremities. We report a case of congenital fibrosarcoma of the ileum in a 5-day-old boy who presented with an acute abdomen due to ileal perforation. Partial ileal resection was carried out with successful anastomosis. Grossly, ...
Uppal Kiranjit - - 2011
Meckel's diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract. This anomaly is due to the incomplete obliteration of the omphalomesenteric duct during the 7th week of gestation and is classically located 2 feet proximal to the ileocecal valve. Variations of this congenital malformation have been recorded based ...
Maman Daniel Y - - 2011
Entropion is a malposition of the eyelid causing an abnormal inversion of the eyelid margin. This results in symptomatic contact of the eyelashes with the surface of the globe resulting in corneal irritation. Symptoms primarily arise from irritation of the ocular surface. Corneal abrasions and scarring can occur. Although common ...
Diver Andrew J - - 2011
A unique case of congenital nasal septal deformity is reported with a chronological summary of literature pertaining to congenital nasal defects.
Su Pen-Hua - - 2011
Structural anomalies associated with partial 2p monosomy are rare. There has only been one case of interstitial deletion of 2p24.2-2p25.1 and three cases of 2p23.3-2p25.1 described in the literature. We report here the first instance of an interstitial deletion of 2p23p24, confirmed by comparative genome hybridization. We present a clinical ...
Fu Yaoyao - - 2011
An abnormal facial nerve (FN) course can be found in a significant number of patients with congenital aural atresia. However, the literature does not include any cases in which the tympanic portion of the FN was displaced lateral to ossicles. We report a unique case of unilateral congenital aural atresia ...
Loh Brian Wz - - 2011
A rare case of congenital bipartite lunate in a child is reported. Carpal variants are very uncommon as independent entities, with only three previous reports of this condition in the English literature. An 11-year-old Caucasian boy presented with pain in the left wrist after a fall. Radiographs in the emergency ...
Tungshusakul Samuch - - 2011
Congenital hypoplasia of the extensor tendons, which is defined as a congenital anomaly of the hand involving the extensor mechanism, is a rare condition and there are few previous reports in literature. We reported a case of bilateral congenital hypoplasia of the extensor tendons in a 12-year-old boy who presented ...
Patrelli Tito S - - 2011
Of all female genital tract tumors, 1-3% are stromal malignancies. In 8-10% of cases, these are represented by Müllerian adenosarcoma an extremely rare tumor characterized by a stromal component of usually low-grade malignancy and by a benign glandular epithelial component. Variant that arises in the pouch of Douglas is scarcely ...
Wang James C - - 2010
Congenital impatency of the nasolacrimal drainage system is relatively common. Dacryocystocele formation is an infrequent variant of such congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). Congenital dacryocystocele typically manifests as a mass in the medial canthal region; alternatively the nasolacrimal expansion may present solely intranasally as a nasolacrimal duct cyst. Despite the ...
Andriessen Marcel J G - - 2010
We present a case of a female newborn with a single air bubble on abdominal x-ray by pyloric atresia and a short review of the literature.
Greenall John - - 2011
In the UK, diagnosis of syphilis among women of child-bearing age has more than doubled between 1999 and 2007, and each year, around ten cases of congenital syphilis have been reported. Doctors should, therefore, be aware of the potential presentation of congenital syphilis, a deadly disease yet curable when managed ...
Nguyen Dang Khoa - - 2010
To ensure the overall quality of our electroencephalogram (EEG) laboratory, we decided to perform an audit of EEGs interpreted at our institution, focusing initially on EEGs reporting temporal abnormalities. Reports of all EEGs performed between January 1st and June 30th, 2006 were reviewed in order to identify tracings mentioning abnormalities ...
Pellicciari Alessandro - - 2011
Trimethylaminuria is a metabolic disorder characterized by the excessive excretion of trimethylamine in bodily secretions, which confers a very unpleasant odour resembling that of dead fish. Literature reports only two cases affected by trimethylaminuria and epilepsy. We describe a third patient who, from the age of seven, was affected by ...
Nguyen Ha Son - - 2011
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a well-known complication of diabetes mellitus, is associated with severe diffuse cerebral edema leading to brain herniation and death. Survival from an episode of symptomatic cerebral edema has been associated with debilitating neurological sequelae, including motor deficits, visual impairment, memory loss, seizures, and persistent vegetative states. A ...
Cavanna A E - - 2010
Epileptic seizures have historically been associated with religious beliefs in spirit possession. These attitudes and misconceptions about epilepsy still flourish in developing countries as byproducts of specific sociocultural environments. This article presents a case series of four Haitian patients with epilepsy whose seizures were initially attributed to Voodoo spirit possession. ...
Henry Julia - - 2010
Given the recent paper by Jang et al. on "A Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Influenza Virus" which reported a novel animal model of parkinsonism, we aimed to perform a complete historical review of the 20th and 21st century literature on parkinsonism and neurological manifestations of influenza. There were at least twelve ...
Elzawahry H - - 2010
Epileptic generalized tonic-clonic (GTC) seizures are differentiated from nonepileptic spells primarily by history. The historical features that can aid in making a diagnosis, such as urinary incontinence and tongue biting, are few. One additional piece of information we propose may be of clinical value is the stereotypical "ictal cry." We ...
Yazawa Hiroyuki - - 2010
Congenital partial absence of a fallopian tube has rarely been reported in the literature. A 29-year-old nulligravida woman presented with a two-year history of infertility. Hysterosalpingography revealed an obstructed left fallopian tube with a normal uterine cavity and right fallopian tube. After several AIH treatments, diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, revealing ...
Faulkner Howard J - - 2010
The management of medically intractable epilepsy is frequently assisted by the identification of structural abnormalities made possible by modern imaging techniques. The association between meningoencephaloceles and epileptic seizures is well reported in the literature. We report a patient with refractory right frontal lobe epilepsy caused by a right nasal meningoencephalocele ...
Byrne Richard W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Middle fossa encephaloceles are rare structural defects previously reported to cause complex partial seizures. Their debated etiology is either by failed union of temporal and sphenoid bone ossification centers or by erosion of the middle fossa floor secondary to pressure phenomena. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) often reveals abnormalities, ...
Espinosa Patricio S - - 2010
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is the most common transmissible human spongiform encephalopathy. Seizures and status epilepticus (SE) are an uncommon finding in CJD. We report a 64-year-old woman with rapid cognitive decline who had electroencephalographic (EEG) changes suggestive of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). She was later diagnosed with sporadic CJD (sCJD). ...
Gomes Marleide da Mota Mda - - 2010
Intrauterine seizure is a rare event. Genetic predisposition and trauma are possible risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To review and comment on the historical description of intrauterine events of a bastard daughter of Dom Pedro I (Maria Isabel Alcântara Brasileira - 1830-1896). METHOD: Review of historical facts about the health of Dom ...
Islam Aliya - - 2010
Foreign bodies in vagina are known to have been inserted by the patient herself or by some other person; as an aid to masturbation, sexual intercourse or sexual assault. The two most common items retained in adult females are tampons and burst condoms. Since long, vaginal deliveries and Obstetric and ...
Fu Pin-Kuei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sibutramine (Meridia in the United States, Reductil in Europe) is approved for weight reduction and weight maintenance. Although amnesia and seizure is listed as a reported adverse event of sibutramine in the US product information, our literature search in the PubMed website database found no published reports of theses ...
Walker Jonathan E - - 2010
This article briefly reviews some of the past EEG treatments of epilepsy and discusses how QEEG may potentially enhance effectiveness of this approach. Several cases are presented in support of this approach.
Sahaya Kinshuk - - 2010
A 20-year-old woman was admitted for psychosis. On further investigation, she was found to be have viral encephalitis and generalized nonconvulsive seizures. After the seizures were controlled, she remained in a prolonged catatonic state. Repeated intravenous benzodiazepine administration, improved her cognition dramatically. This case emphasizes that catatonia may occur after ...
Strzelczyk Adam - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Autonomic seizures have been associated with seizure onset in the temporal or insular lobe and consist of variations in blood pressure and heart rate, sweating, flushing, piloerection, hypersalivation, vomiting, spitting, and alterations in bladder and bowel functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the localizing and lateralizing ...
Thomas Raji - - 2010
This article reviews the literature on life expectancy in the disabled population. The literature is surveyed with regard to the main elements that reduce life expectancy for people with disabilities. These are immobility, cognitive and intellectual impairment, swallowing problems and tube feeding, epilepsy and incontinence. The article discusses various improvements ...
Lindner Andreas K - - 2010
Children with human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) present with a range of generally non-specific symptoms. Late diagnosis is frequent with often tragic outcomes. Trypanosomes can infect the foetus by crossing the placenta. Unequivocal cases of congenital infection that have been reported include newborn babies of infected mothers who were diagnosed with ...
Assogba Komi - - 2010
Hypomelanosis of Ito (HI) is a rare neuroectodermal disorder often associated with mental retardation and epilepsy. We report on four new HI patients presenting with heterogeneous seizure manifestations and we review the literature concerning epileptic seizures in HI. At one extreme, there are patients with generalized seizures well controlled by ...
Cercy Steven P - - 2009
Gelastic epilepsy (GE) is an uncommon type of seizure disorder characterized by stereotyped, unprovoked, inappropriate ictal laughter. GE is most frequently associated with hypothalamic hamartoma, with onset almost invariably occurring during childhood. GE also occurs occasionally with temporal and frontal cortical seizure foci. We describe an unusual case of senescent-onset ...
Surges Rainer - - 2009
Seizure-induced syncope is uncommon and is usually due to peri-ictal bradycardia and asystole. In contrast, peri-ictal atrioventricular conduction block (AV block) has been reported only rarely. Here, we review the literature on peri-ictal AV block and describe a patient with recurrent episodes of epigastric auras that were occasionally followed by ...
Sances Grazia - - 2009
Migralepsy is an ill-defined nosologic entity, with only a few cases described in the literature. In the 2004 International Classification for Headache Disorders (ICHD-II), the International Headache Society proposed that the following diagnostic criteria should be met: (1) migraine fulfilling criteria for 1.2 Migraine with aura (MA) and (2) a ...
Imdad Aamer - - 2009
Eclampsia occurring without prior signs and symptoms of preeclampsia is called atypical eclampsia. We present a case of 28 year old primigravida who developed intrapartum seizures. There was no prior clinical or biochemical evidence of preeclampsia. We have discussed the differentials of intrapartum seizures and a review of literature on ...
Guerreiro Marilisa M - - 2009
Malformations of cortical development (MCD) have been increasingly identified. The purpose of this presentation is to review the current knowledge of the MCD. Before we address this issue, we will briefly present a review of cortical development. The second part of this presentation will address the most important MCD. Finally, ...
Pestana Knight Elia M - - 2009
RATIONALE: Seizures occur in Wilson's disease (WD), with prevalence figures as high as 4-6% in specialized academic centers, but status epilepticus is rare. We report a patient with WD who developed non-convulsive status epilepticus (SE) during therapy with Tetrathiomolybdate (TTM) and review the last 20 years of the relevant literature. ...
Agbaht K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ciprofloxacin-associated seizures (CAS) occur most commonly in patients with special risk factors that may cause accumulation of drug (high doses of the drug, old age, renal insufficiency, drug interactions) or that may decrease the threshold of epileptogenic activity (electrolyte abnormalities, history of seizures, electroconvulsive therapy). OBJECTIVE: To report thyrotoxicosis ...
Debiais S - - 2009
Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is a rare autosomal dominant subtype of migraine with aura that is characterized by motor weakness during attacks. FHM1 is associated with mutations in the CACNA1A gene located on chromosome 19. We report a severe, prolonged HM attack in a young pregnant patient who had the ...
Benamer Hani T S - - 2009
In this report the epidemiologic aspects of epilepsy in Arab countries are systematically reviewed. MEDLINE and Embase were searched, and six papers were identified: one incidence report from Qatar and five prevalence reports (two from Sudan, and one from each of Libya, Tunisia, and Saudi Arabia). An incidence of 174 ...
Stavrinou L C - - 2009
PURPOSE: Intraventricular cavernomas are rare. Even more rare are those presenting in the trigone of the lateral ventricles. METHODS: We performed a search of the literature of the last 30 years and identified all cases of intraventricular cavernous angiomas. Trigonal cavernomas were separately identified and analysed. Our search yielded a ...
Spyridi S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Few cases of seizures associated with olanzapine therapy and even fewer with mirtazapine have been published, most of them in patients with confounding risk factors. Our objective was to report a case of Status epilepticus in a patient receiving olanzapine and mirtazapine, with no previous history of seizure and ...
Grueneberger Elizabeth C - - 2009
This case report describes the history and hospital course of an otherwise healthy 20-year-old male with bipolar I disorder who developed symptoms of severe lithium toxicity, culminating in a seizure, despite a level of lithium of only 0.8 mEq/L, within the usual therapeutic range. The discussion emphasizes that lithium toxicity ...
Patnaik Mrinal M - - 2009
Neurocysticercosis is one of the most common causes of seizures in the developing world. Due to the high volumes of immigration from South America and Asia, American physicians are increasingly encountering this condition. This case report attempts to present a brief overview of some of the difficulties associated with the ...
Benabu Yves - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to demonstrate the pitfalls in the diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) especially when subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated and discuss the diagnostic value of computed tomography (CT) imaging as well as the use of other diagnostic modalities. In addition, we will briefly ...
Pearce J M S - - 2009
In March 1909, R. Benon was probably the first to report a typical case of what we now call transient global amnesia. In 1956, Bender, and independently, Guyotat and Courjon described clinical and epidemiological features of transient amnesic attacks. The condition achieved general recognition after the term transient global amnesia ...
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