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Results 451 - 500 of 608
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Guerrini R - - 1992
Three children who had been diagnosed as having infantile spasms with major psychomotor retardation were referred for the persistence of series of spasm-like seizures, which were resistant to antiepileptic drug treatment, beyond infancy. Serial seizures were elicited by a compulsive self-stimulating behavior that was documented by long-term video-polygraphy. These behaviors ...
Tien R D - - 1992
Meningioangiomatosis (MA) is a rare hamartomatous lesion of the cerebral cortex; to date only 18 cases with imaging findings have been reported in the English literature. The origin of MA is probably malformative, with possible association with neurofibromatosis. These lesions frequently cause seizures in young patients. We report two new ...
Simon M - - 1992
In a 48-year-old man, marked unilateral cerebellar hypoplasia was diagnosed by CT scans and angiographic examinations, later confirmed on autopsy. Clinical findings in cerebellar hypoplasia/aplasia are discussed here, along with the pathogenesis of cerebellar hypoplasia. In this case, several grand mal seizures and persistent headache were the only neurological symptoms. ...
Pascual-Castroviejo I - - 1992
Four children with Landau-Kleffner syndrome were studied over a six year period. They presented with acquired aphasia, epilepsy, and focal or generalized EEG discharges which were exacerbated during sleep. In addition, cerebral angiography demonstrated isolated arteritis of some branches of the carotid arteries in all cases. Computed tomographic and magnetic ...
Lee T H - - 1992
Four cases of baclofen intoxication are reported, with a review of 33 cases from the literature. Analysis of these 37 cases suggests that there are two types of baclofen intoxication syndrome. Patients with acute intoxication present with four major clinical manifestations: encephalopathy (disturbance of consciousness and/or seizure), respiratory depression, muscular ...
Garmel G M - - 1992
We report an unusual cause of unresponsiveness in a 73-year-old woman seen in the emergency department. Extensive evaluation, including an emergency EEG that demonstrated rhythmic, high-voltage spike-and-wave discharges characteristic of convulsive activity, confirmed the diagnosis of generalized tonic status epilepticus. The patient's persistent subclinical seizures terminated after the IV administration ...
Hwang W L - - 1992
Three consecutive cases of severe aplastic anemia undergoing immunosuppressive therapy with cyclosporin A (CyA) and high-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP) developed grand mal seizures after receiving ketoconazole treatment. All the seizures were reversed after transient discontinuation of those drugs. To our knowledge, it has not been reported as yet that the combination ...
Gururaj G - - 1992
Seizures precipitated by the stimulus of hot water known as 'hot water epilepsy' (HWE) have been commonly reported from South India. The present report outlines certain descriptive epidemiological aspects of 78 cases from two rural satellite clinics of National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India. Geographical ...
Yaouyanc G - - 1992
We report a case of hyponatremia associated with a grand mal seizure in a 28 month-old child after intra-nasal desmopressin administration for high fluid intake with nocturnal enuresis. In view of the temporary symptomatic action and the seriousness of certain side-effects of desmopressin we recommend that desmopressin be used with ...
Todt H - - 1992
The authors report the results of treatment of 14 patients (10 male, 4 female, average age 20.3 years) with benign myoclonic epilepsy. Valproate monotherapy led to control of seizures in 10 cases, and to a distinct reduction of seizure frequency in 3 cases. Thrombocytopenia was the only side-effect encountered in ...
Modlin J F - - 1991
We report on four pediatric patients with Enterovirus infections who were admitted to the hospital with signs or symptoms of acute, focal encephalitis. All four experienced focal seizures. Each had a cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis at the initial lumbar puncture. In all four patients the diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis was ...
Arlazoroff A - - 1991
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare hereditary disease characterized by xanthomata of tendons, osteoporosis, cataracts, cerebellar ataxia, spastic paresis, and dementia. Though electroencephalographic (EEG) abnormalities are frequent in CTX, epileptic seizures have not been recognized as a major feature. A CTX patient is reported who presented with a generalized epileptic ...
Ahmed M H - - 1991
A review of the electroencephalographs of 351 epileptic patients admitted to the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Kaduna from March, 1982 to November, 1984 is presented. Those under 20 years age group predominated in the cohort studied. The frequencies of generalised epilepsy and partial epilepsy were almost equal. Partial epilepsy ...
Gittelman D K - - 1991
Bromocriptine, an ergot alkaloid dopamine agonist, is a recent common treatment for suppression of lactation in postpartum women. A case is presented of a postpartum woman prescribed bromocriptine for suppression of lactation who developed hypertension, headaches, blurry vision, seizures, and pituitary hemorrhage. Differential diagnosis and a literature review are considered.
Choi Y C - - 1991
Rett's syndrome(RS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by exclusive occurrence in females, autistic behavior, dementia, gait ataxia, loss of purposeful use of the hands with stereotypic hand movement, and seizures. Initially RS was considered to be very rare; however, recent reports suggest that the prevalence is considerably higher and ...
Bansal S K - - 1991
Ataxic hemiparesis (AH) is a clinical entity in which minimal pyramidal weakness is associated with same-sided motor ataxia. It may be caused by a lesion of the pons or of cerebro-cerebellar and corticospinal fibers in other areas. Associated symptoms help in the clinical localization of a syndrome that has to ...
Joske D J - - 1991
A case of sino-atrial arrest due to temporal lobe epilepsy is described and compared with previously documented such cases in the literature. The rarity of bradycardias and sinus arrest due to arrhythmogenic seizures is discussed, as is the role of prospective ambulatory electroencephalographic and electrocardiographic studies in evaluating this association.
Puri V - - 1991
A case of neurocysticercosis in an 11 year old female manifesting only as myoclonic seizures is reported. The diagnosis was based upon ELISA test, computed tomography, and biopsy of a subcutaneous nodule. The patient responded to anticysticerci drug treatment. Neurocysticercosis has not to our knowledge been previously reported to have ...
Kageyama Y - - 1991
We describe a sporadic case of adult-onset, complex I deficiency mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (MEM), the clinical and pathological features of which failed to fit any of the known subgroups of MEM, such as Kearns-Sayre syndrome, mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes or myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibers. Clinically, this patient ...
Yamamoto J - - 1991
We report three cases of reflex epilepsy with myoclonic jerks of the right arm and fingers precipitated by calculation using a Soroban. An EEG spike-wave complex with left central prevalence was induced. Various types of stimulation were used to induce epileptic discharges, and a simultaneous mental task requiring a high ...
Gouzoulis E - - 1991
Three adult schizophrenic patients without a previous history of epilepsy are reported who, during clozapine treatment, developed paroxysmal EEG patterns and generalized myoclonic jerks without alteration of consciousness. These seizures were phenomenologically identical to those occurring in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and were classified as generalized epileptic seizures. We tentatively conclude ...
Guerrini R - - 1990
Three cases (2 boys, 1 girl) of trisomy 12p syndrome are reported. In two, the disorder is caused by a malsegregation of a maternal translocation, the karyotype being 46,XY,der(18),t(12;18)(p11;q23) (case 2) and 46,XX,-10,+ der(10),t(10;12)(p15;p11) (case 3). Case 1 is a de novo case with a regular trisomy 12p in the ...
Brent J - - 1990
Isoniazid overdose is known to result in the rapid onset of seizures, metabolic acidosis, and prolonged obtundation. Pyridoxine has been reported to be effective in treating isoniazid-induced seizures. We report three cases of obtundation secondary to isoniazid overdose that was immediately reversed by intravenous pyridoxine. In two of these cases, ...
Schwartz A M - - 1990
Two cases of complete agenesis of the corpus callosum each with large interhemispheric cysts are presented. The first case is an adult patient with chronic renal failure secondary to adult polycystic renal disease who was neurologically asymptomatic until she had a seizure during hemodialysis. The second case is an infant, ...
Miles M V - - 1990
Amoxapine is a second-generation antidepressant that has been reported to cause seizures, severe acidosis, cardiac dysrhythmias, hypotension, renal failure, coma, and cardiorespiratory arrest in poisoning exposures. This is a report of a previously normal 9-year-old child who presented with generalized tonic clonic seizures that led to an extensive workup for ...
Tachibana Y - - 1990
I analyzed 18 cases of brain malformations detected by autopsy and five cases of lissencephaly diagnosed by CT scan or MRI. 1) Autopsy Cases Brain malformations were highly complicated, and many cases showed more than one type of brain malformation. Epileptic seizures were observed in 13 of 18 cases. In ...
Pilo L - - 1990
Gelastic epilepsy is an uncommon phenomenon and it is particularly uncommon in adults. This paper describes a case of gelastic epilepsy in a middle-aged woman presented in a psychiatric hospital. A short history of the condition, clinical and electroencephalographic findings in gelastic epilepsy and causes of pathological laughter are discussed.
Primavera A - - 1990
Epilepsy is a rare but possible manifestation of thyrotoxicosis. The patient reported here developed recurrent, generalized and focal seizures, as presenting symptoms of a thyrotoxic encephalopathy. Intercritic EEG records showed triphasic waves. Seizures and signs of encephalopathy disappeared and the EEG reverted to normal only after treatment of the thyroid ...
Fortuna A - - 1989
Cerebral cavernous angioma is a rare vascular malformation at any age and is very rare in childhood. In the literature available to us, we have been able to trace only 50 cases, to which we have added the 6 cases from our own series. The incidence in pediatric group is ...
Johnston C - - 1989
Three cases are presented which emphasize the importance of hyponatraemia as a cause of grand mal seizures. The combination of hydrochlorothiazide and amiloride appears to increase the risk of hyponatraemia. We discuss the aetiology and treatment of hyponatraemia and review the necessity for such combination therapy. We recommend caution in ...
DeMarco P - - 1989
EMA (eyelid myoclonia with absences) consists of brief seizures triggered by eyelid closure and characterized by absence and palpebral myoclonia. The EEG shows brief discharges with 3 per second spike and wave complexes. The present report describes the cases of 2 monovular twins who started to have this form of ...
Bielory L - - 1989
Clinicians should be aware that temporal arteritis in blacks has a clinical presentation similar to that found in the white population. Heightened clinical awareness of the possibility of temporal arteritis in black patients should lead to earlier diagnosis and initiation of immunosuppressive therapy, thus helping prevent the severe sequela of ...
Chaturvedi S K - - 1989
The case of a young, unmarried boy, who had moderate mental retardation, epilepsy, and post-ictal psychosis, is described here. During the psychosis, he believed he was pregnant, and had related behavioural disturbances. The review of other such cases reveals that organic brain damage was evident in all cases. Brain damage ...
Wroe S J - - 1989
Eleven ambulatory EEG (A/EEG) cassette tapes were sent to 5 reviewers from different EEG laboratories in the U.K. Each tape included one attack recorded from a different patient. Attacks were chosen to include various possible EEG changes that can occur during attacks on A/EEG. Reviewers were asked to give details ...
Tachibana N - - 1989
We reported the case of a 13-year-old anorectic girl with epileptic seizures who showed marked favorable responses to sodium valproate and clonazepam. These two anticonvulsants were effective not only for controlling her epileptic seizures, but also against anorexia nervosa itself. The mechanism of their action to anorexia nervosa is unknown, ...
van Dongen H R - - 1989
In a 14-year follow-up the improvement of language functions and the decrease of EEG abnormalities are described in a girl with the Landau-Kleffner syndrome. In this case, the results of subsequent EEG recordings do not permit conclusions about the course of the aphasia. Disappearance of focal spike and waves, bilateral ...
Saw A H - - 1989
Between February 1986 to November 1986, 335 cases of febrile convulsion were admitted to the paediatric ward, Tan Tock Seng Hospital. The study revealed 87 cases (26%) were complex febrile convulsion and 73 cases (21.8%) were recurrent febrile convulsion. 51 patients with complex febrile convulsion and 32 patients with recurrent ...
Papo I - - 1989
After reviewing the data of the literature, the authors report their personal series composed of twelve cases. In evaluating the results of surgical treatment only the first ten patients are taken into account. As previously stressed in the literature, callosotomy (total in two cases and anterior in the remainder) has ...
Genton P - - 1989
The authors report a sporadic case of Lafora's disease, unusual for the comparatively late age at onset and atypical evolution. Discrete visual phenomena that may be considered as partial seizures occurred at age 19 years. A generalized tonic-clonic seizure occurred at 20 years of age and myoclonus became apparent a ...
Hatanaka T - - 1989
We treated a case of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) with interferon and observed electroencephalographic (EEG) changes and the clinical condition during the treatment period. EEG studies were carried out more than 30 times over the period of 1 year. It was observed that, especially after the first intravenous injection of ...
Amit R - - 1988
Acute confusional state (ACS) relates to a sudden alteration of the mental status. The impairment may be global or confined to a specific faculty of higher cortical function. Such specificity does not depend on the nature of the pathological process, but rather on the anatomical location of the area of ...
Takeda A - - 1988
Nonconvulsive status epilepticus may be subdivided into generalized (absence) status and complex partial status. The latter is generally considered as a rare condition, whereas the former is fairly common to have been reported in many articles. We have reported here a case of complex partial status epilepticus in which the ...
Kishi M - - 1988
A 29-year-old single woman had recurrent stroke-like episodes. She developed loss of consciousness, myoclonic seizures, and lactic acidosis. She died at the age of 30. A muscle biopsy study revealed mitochondrial myopathy, and the postmortem biochemical analysis demonstrated decreased cytochrome c oxidase activity in the skeletal muscles by 20% of ...
Katan B S - - 1988
This case report presents the resuscitation of a 6 1/2-month-old child with elevated intracranial pressure, seizure activity, and a presumptive diagnosis of shaken child syndrome. It is unique in the usage of an intraosseous infusion line for the administration of muscle relaxants and anesthetic agents to aid in an atraumatic ...
Ardila A - - 1988
Three cases of complex partial status which were diagnosed as psychotic episodes are presented. The scans of two of these cases show structural abnormalities in the left temporal lobe. It is proposed that there are similar neurophysiological mechanisms in primary schizophrenia and in the perceptual, affective and cognitive phenomena apparent ...
el-Mallakh R S - - 1988
Several anecdotal reports and two retrospective chart reviews have examined complications of concurrent lithium and electroconvulsive treatment. Discussions have generally been contradictory or confusing. This article reviews the literature and particularly emphasizes theoretical considerations and mechanisms, concluding (A) that lithium may act synergistically with neuromuscular blockers, but the effect is ...
Ardila A - - 1988
Several days after a right temporal lobectomy for an astrocytoma, a patient experienced a paroxysmal feeling that somebody was nearby. This spontaneous phenomenon has only rarely been reported in the epilepsy literature but has been reported to be evoked by electrical stimulation of the right amygdala. Despite the rarity in ...
Koul R - - 1988
The rural population of 63,645 living in the mountainous Kuthar Valley of South Kashmir, Northwest India was surveyed to determine the prevalence of major neurologic disorders, including epilepsy (called Lath/Mirgi/Laran in the local language). The survey was done according to a World Health Organization protocol (1981). House-to-house screening was done ...
Keränen T - - 1988
The distribution of seizure types was investigated in an epidemiological survey of 1,220 patients over 15 years of age. Classification of clinically dominant seizure type according to the International Classification of Epileptic Seizures (ICES) was possible in 1,005 cases (82.5%). Fifty-six percent of patients had partial seizures and 26.5% had ...
Bolwig T G - - 1988
A review is given of the structure and function of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) with special reference to the situation during and after epileptic seizures including electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Based on the literature describing different models of epilepsy the development of the theories concerning the early observations of a BBB ...
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