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Results 451 - 500 of 593
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Choi Y C - - 1991
Rett's syndrome(RS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by exclusive occurrence in females, autistic behavior, dementia, gait ataxia, loss of purposeful use of the hands with stereotypic hand movement, and seizures. Initially RS was considered to be very rare; however, recent reports suggest that the prevalence is considerably higher and ...
Bansal S K - - 1991
Ataxic hemiparesis (AH) is a clinical entity in which minimal pyramidal weakness is associated with same-sided motor ataxia. It may be caused by a lesion of the pons or of cerebro-cerebellar and corticospinal fibers in other areas. Associated symptoms help in the clinical localization of a syndrome that has to ...
Joske D J - - 1991
A case of sino-atrial arrest due to temporal lobe epilepsy is described and compared with previously documented such cases in the literature. The rarity of bradycardias and sinus arrest due to arrhythmogenic seizures is discussed, as is the role of prospective ambulatory electroencephalographic and electrocardiographic studies in evaluating this association.
Puri V - - 1991
A case of neurocysticercosis in an 11 year old female manifesting only as myoclonic seizures is reported. The diagnosis was based upon ELISA test, computed tomography, and biopsy of a subcutaneous nodule. The patient responded to anticysticerci drug treatment. Neurocysticercosis has not to our knowledge been previously reported to have ...
Kageyama Y - - 1991
We describe a sporadic case of adult-onset, complex I deficiency mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (MEM), the clinical and pathological features of which failed to fit any of the known subgroups of MEM, such as Kearns-Sayre syndrome, mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes or myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibers. Clinically, this patient ...
Yamamoto J - - 1991
We report three cases of reflex epilepsy with myoclonic jerks of the right arm and fingers precipitated by calculation using a Soroban. An EEG spike-wave complex with left central prevalence was induced. Various types of stimulation were used to induce epileptic discharges, and a simultaneous mental task requiring a high ...
Gouzoulis E - - 1991
Three adult schizophrenic patients without a previous history of epilepsy are reported who, during clozapine treatment, developed paroxysmal EEG patterns and generalized myoclonic jerks without alteration of consciousness. These seizures were phenomenologically identical to those occurring in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy and were classified as generalized epileptic seizures. We tentatively conclude ...
Guerrini R - - 1990
Three cases (2 boys, 1 girl) of trisomy 12p syndrome are reported. In two, the disorder is caused by a malsegregation of a maternal translocation, the karyotype being 46,XY,der(18),t(12;18)(p11;q23) (case 2) and 46,XX,-10,+ der(10),t(10;12)(p15;p11) (case 3). Case 1 is a de novo case with a regular trisomy 12p in the ...
Brent J - - 1990
Isoniazid overdose is known to result in the rapid onset of seizures, metabolic acidosis, and prolonged obtundation. Pyridoxine has been reported to be effective in treating isoniazid-induced seizures. We report three cases of obtundation secondary to isoniazid overdose that was immediately reversed by intravenous pyridoxine. In two of these cases, ...
Schwartz A M - - 1990
Two cases of complete agenesis of the corpus callosum each with large interhemispheric cysts are presented. The first case is an adult patient with chronic renal failure secondary to adult polycystic renal disease who was neurologically asymptomatic until she had a seizure during hemodialysis. The second case is an infant, ...
Miles M V - - 1990
Amoxapine is a second-generation antidepressant that has been reported to cause seizures, severe acidosis, cardiac dysrhythmias, hypotension, renal failure, coma, and cardiorespiratory arrest in poisoning exposures. This is a report of a previously normal 9-year-old child who presented with generalized tonic clonic seizures that led to an extensive workup for ...
Tachibana Y - - 1990
I analyzed 18 cases of brain malformations detected by autopsy and five cases of lissencephaly diagnosed by CT scan or MRI. 1) Autopsy Cases Brain malformations were highly complicated, and many cases showed more than one type of brain malformation. Epileptic seizures were observed in 13 of 18 cases. In ...
Pilo L - - 1990
Gelastic epilepsy is an uncommon phenomenon and it is particularly uncommon in adults. This paper describes a case of gelastic epilepsy in a middle-aged woman presented in a psychiatric hospital. A short history of the condition, clinical and electroencephalographic findings in gelastic epilepsy and causes of pathological laughter are discussed.
Primavera A - - 1990
Epilepsy is a rare but possible manifestation of thyrotoxicosis. The patient reported here developed recurrent, generalized and focal seizures, as presenting symptoms of a thyrotoxic encephalopathy. Intercritic EEG records showed triphasic waves. Seizures and signs of encephalopathy disappeared and the EEG reverted to normal only after treatment of the thyroid ...
Fortuna A - - 1989
Cerebral cavernous angioma is a rare vascular malformation at any age and is very rare in childhood. In the literature available to us, we have been able to trace only 50 cases, to which we have added the 6 cases from our own series. The incidence in pediatric group is ...
Johnston C - - 1989
Three cases are presented which emphasize the importance of hyponatraemia as a cause of grand mal seizures. The combination of hydrochlorothiazide and amiloride appears to increase the risk of hyponatraemia. We discuss the aetiology and treatment of hyponatraemia and review the necessity for such combination therapy. We recommend caution in ...
DeMarco P - - 1989
EMA (eyelid myoclonia with absences) consists of brief seizures triggered by eyelid closure and characterized by absence and palpebral myoclonia. The EEG shows brief discharges with 3 per second spike and wave complexes. The present report describes the cases of 2 monovular twins who started to have this form of ...
Bielory L - - 1989
Clinicians should be aware that temporal arteritis in blacks has a clinical presentation similar to that found in the white population. Heightened clinical awareness of the possibility of temporal arteritis in black patients should lead to earlier diagnosis and initiation of immunosuppressive therapy, thus helping prevent the severe sequela of ...
Chaturvedi S K - - 1989
The case of a young, unmarried boy, who had moderate mental retardation, epilepsy, and post-ictal psychosis, is described here. During the psychosis, he believed he was pregnant, and had related behavioural disturbances. The review of other such cases reveals that organic brain damage was evident in all cases. Brain damage ...
Wroe S J - - 1989
Eleven ambulatory EEG (A/EEG) cassette tapes were sent to 5 reviewers from different EEG laboratories in the U.K. Each tape included one attack recorded from a different patient. Attacks were chosen to include various possible EEG changes that can occur during attacks on A/EEG. Reviewers were asked to give details ...
Tachibana N - - 1989
We reported the case of a 13-year-old anorectic girl with epileptic seizures who showed marked favorable responses to sodium valproate and clonazepam. These two anticonvulsants were effective not only for controlling her epileptic seizures, but also against anorexia nervosa itself. The mechanism of their action to anorexia nervosa is unknown, ...
van Dongen H R - - 1989
In a 14-year follow-up the improvement of language functions and the decrease of EEG abnormalities are described in a girl with the Landau-Kleffner syndrome. In this case, the results of subsequent EEG recordings do not permit conclusions about the course of the aphasia. Disappearance of focal spike and waves, bilateral ...
Saw A H - - 1989
Between February 1986 to November 1986, 335 cases of febrile convulsion were admitted to the paediatric ward, Tan Tock Seng Hospital. The study revealed 87 cases (26%) were complex febrile convulsion and 73 cases (21.8%) were recurrent febrile convulsion. 51 patients with complex febrile convulsion and 32 patients with recurrent ...
Papo I - - 1989
After reviewing the data of the literature, the authors report their personal series composed of twelve cases. In evaluating the results of surgical treatment only the first ten patients are taken into account. As previously stressed in the literature, callosotomy (total in two cases and anterior in the remainder) has ...
Genton P - - 1989
The authors report a sporadic case of Lafora's disease, unusual for the comparatively late age at onset and atypical evolution. Discrete visual phenomena that may be considered as partial seizures occurred at age 19 years. A generalized tonic-clonic seizure occurred at 20 years of age and myoclonus became apparent a ...
Hatanaka T - - 1989
We treated a case of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) with interferon and observed electroencephalographic (EEG) changes and the clinical condition during the treatment period. EEG studies were carried out more than 30 times over the period of 1 year. It was observed that, especially after the first intravenous injection of ...
Amit R - - 1988
Acute confusional state (ACS) relates to a sudden alteration of the mental status. The impairment may be global or confined to a specific faculty of higher cortical function. Such specificity does not depend on the nature of the pathological process, but rather on the anatomical location of the area of ...
Takeda A - - 1988
Nonconvulsive status epilepticus may be subdivided into generalized (absence) status and complex partial status. The latter is generally considered as a rare condition, whereas the former is fairly common to have been reported in many articles. We have reported here a case of complex partial status epilepticus in which the ...
Kishi M - - 1988
A 29-year-old single woman had recurrent stroke-like episodes. She developed loss of consciousness, myoclonic seizures, and lactic acidosis. She died at the age of 30. A muscle biopsy study revealed mitochondrial myopathy, and the postmortem biochemical analysis demonstrated decreased cytochrome c oxidase activity in the skeletal muscles by 20% of ...
Katan B S - - 1988
This case report presents the resuscitation of a 6 1/2-month-old child with elevated intracranial pressure, seizure activity, and a presumptive diagnosis of shaken child syndrome. It is unique in the usage of an intraosseous infusion line for the administration of muscle relaxants and anesthetic agents to aid in an atraumatic ...
Ardila A - - 1988
Three cases of complex partial status which were diagnosed as psychotic episodes are presented. The scans of two of these cases show structural abnormalities in the left temporal lobe. It is proposed that there are similar neurophysiological mechanisms in primary schizophrenia and in the perceptual, affective and cognitive phenomena apparent ...
el-Mallakh R S - - 1988
Several anecdotal reports and two retrospective chart reviews have examined complications of concurrent lithium and electroconvulsive treatment. Discussions have generally been contradictory or confusing. This article reviews the literature and particularly emphasizes theoretical considerations and mechanisms, concluding (A) that lithium may act synergistically with neuromuscular blockers, but the effect is ...
Ardila A - - 1988
Several days after a right temporal lobectomy for an astrocytoma, a patient experienced a paroxysmal feeling that somebody was nearby. This spontaneous phenomenon has only rarely been reported in the epilepsy literature but has been reported to be evoked by electrical stimulation of the right amygdala. Despite the rarity in ...
Koul R - - 1988
The rural population of 63,645 living in the mountainous Kuthar Valley of South Kashmir, Northwest India was surveyed to determine the prevalence of major neurologic disorders, including epilepsy (called Lath/Mirgi/Laran in the local language). The survey was done according to a World Health Organization protocol (1981). House-to-house screening was done ...
Keränen T - - 1988
The distribution of seizure types was investigated in an epidemiological survey of 1,220 patients over 15 years of age. Classification of clinically dominant seizure type according to the International Classification of Epileptic Seizures (ICES) was possible in 1,005 cases (82.5%). Fifty-six percent of patients had partial seizures and 26.5% had ...
Bolwig T G - - 1988
A review is given of the structure and function of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) with special reference to the situation during and after epileptic seizures including electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Based on the literature describing different models of epilepsy the development of the theories concerning the early observations of a BBB ...
Ganga A - - 1988
Reports of epileptic seizures evoked by eating are very scarce in the literature. A review of the reported cases suggests that various mechanisms may act as triggering factors in this form of reflex epilepsy. We studied a 17-year-old boy in whom the seizures precipitated by eating had been prevented by ...
Ahmed I - - 1988
Two cases of absence status are described, one case following metrizamide myelography and the other from omnipaque myelography. Metrizamide has been well known to cause convulsive seizures even in patients without epilepsy. The exact mechanism is not known but appears to be direct neuronal toxic effects possibly due to competitive ...
Ernst J P - - 1988
Thirty-six children with epilepsy resistant to conventional treatment were treated with bromides in addition to the current therapy. Six out of 19 cases with prevailingly or exclusively generalized tonic-clonic seizures became seizure-free and in 9 cases a reduction in seizure frequency of more than 50% was achieved. Freedom from seizures ...
Mizuno Y - - 1988
We report here a case of juvenile metachromatic leukodystrophy. The patient is an 8-year-old boy with motor and mental deterioration, which began at about age 3. He has also suffered from astatic seizures since age 8. Arylsulfatase A activity in the patient was markedly decreased in peripheral leukocytes, cultured fibroblasts ...
Richardson J C - - 1987
This uncommon paroxysmal movement disorder featuring attacks of dystonic spasm with athetoid posturing is usually of idiopathic nature, often familial and starting in childhood. There are a few reported examples due to cerebral pathology, and only four previous cases due to brain trauma. We report here a 21 year old ...
Daniele O - - 1987
A curious case is reported in which the patient, a young woman, exhibited convulsive seizures when approaching closely to a television. The visual and acoustic stimulation did not change her EEG, whereas simultaneous stimulation with both the modalities induced bilateral and symmetrical high-voltage spikes (with their diffusion) that led to ...
Brun A - - 1987
Among 158 cases of organic dementia in a prospective study concerning both psychiatry and regional cerebral blood flow there were 26 cases with a mainly frontal or fronto-temporal dementia. Careful neuropathological investigation disclosed 20 cases of a mainly frontal or fronto-temporal grey matter degeneration, in four of them compatible with ...
White P D - - 1987
A case of episodic delirium with incapacitating myoclonus associated with therapeutic doses of phenelzine is described. No evidence of epilepsy was found. The delirium and the myoclonus remitted rapidly after phenelzine was stopped and treatment with a benzodiazepine was started. No previous reports of the association of phenelzine with myoclonus ...
Rust J - - 1987
A single case of one-to-one correspondence between eyelid flutter and EEG alpha rhythm is reported. It arose during a battery of experiments into possible personality correlates of eyelid conditioning, EEG evoked potential and skin potential habituation, involving over 400 subjects. The reported phenomenon lasted for one burst of 24 sec. ...
Battistella P A - - 1987
Computed tomography scanning in two young patients with recurrent, pulsating, migraine-like headache showed parieto-occipital calcifications. One patient presented with an atypical form of the Sturge-Weber syndrome, and the other with celiac disease and folic acid deficiency. The clinical features were analyzed and compared with those in other cases reported in ...
Edwards J G - - 1987
Four cases of convulsive seizures occurring during treatment with nomifensine have been notified to the Committee on the Safety of Medicines of the United Kingdom, and 22 cases have been reported from other countries. The occurrence of convulsions is not in keeping with the results of animal experiments, studies of ...
Mesri J C - - 1987
This is a report of a 21-year-old woman with reading epilepsy. Clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) observations are presented while the patient read a news magazine in Spanish, read a magazine in English, read an announcement repetitively, viewed comic strips without legends, made a mathematical calculation. Only reading in Spanish produced ...
Hauswald M - - 1987
Blindness developed in a 22-year-old woman five days postpartum. She developed recurrent generalized tonic-clonic seizures despite early institution of intravenous magnesium sulphate. After a loading dose of phenytoin was given, the seizures stopped and the blindness gradually resolved. A review of the literature pertaining to blindness and eclampsia is presented ...
Ogata A - - 1987
Thirty-seven cases that showed bilateral basal ganglia calcification (BGC) were found in 5987 patients. These cases (0.6%) were studied in relation to their CT findings, underlying diseases and epilepsy. CT findings of BGC were divided into "localized" type (33 cases) and "diffuse" type (4 cases). The number of patients with ...
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