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Results 401 - 450 of 473
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Mutchinick O - - 1985
We investigated the fetal mortality in 903 sibships with at least one member having cleft lip with or without cleft palate [CL(P)] and 213 with at least one individual affected with cleft palate (CP) derived from three different data sources in México. The frequency of fetal wastage (abortion and/or stillbirth) ...
Modena V - - 1985
Analysis of five personal cases of the intravertebral vacuum cleft phenomenon and a close examination of the literature, suggest that it is rather more frequent than it first appears. Intravertebral vacuum cleft tends to occur more readily in the vertebrae of the dorsolumbar hinge and mainly in the elderly, slightly ...
Dawod S T - - 1984
A 10-year-old boy presented with marked growth retardation. He was found to have an empty sella demonstrated by CT and Metrizamide cisternography. Endocrinological investigation confirmed the diagnosis of panhypopituitarism. This is the first case reported in a twin and the fifth pediatric case with marked endocrine dysfunction reported in the ...
Ranta R - - 1984
12 female subjects with an incomplete median cleft of the lower lip associated with cleft palate in 7 subjects, with the Pierre Robin anomaly in 3 and with only agenesis of the lower permanent central incisors in 2, are presented. In all subjects, the bony structure of the lower jaw ...
Oneal R M - - 1984
This case report illustrates the use of a Radovan tissue expander in a patient undergoing reconstruction of the upper two-thirds of the external ear. The expansion facilitated draping of the superior retro-auricular skin over the autogenous costal cartilage framework that was used for the skeletal reconstruction of the ear.
Miura T - - 1984
To clarify the clinical features of the cleft hand and to differentiate the typical cleft hand from the atypical, hand pattern profiles were used. In cases of typical cleft hand, the metacarpal or the proximal phalanx on either side of the cleft are longer than on the unaffected side. Conversely, ...
Stewart J R - - 1984
Within a six-week interval, adult identical twin brothers presented with third-degree complete rectal prolapse. Since no other predisposing factors were evident, contribution of an inherited predisposition is implied. Evaluation of alternatives supports use of presacral rectal mobilization with subtotal anterior resection and reanastamosis of sigmoid colon and rectum as the ...
Antsaklis A - - 1984
Selective feticide is the procedure of choice when, in twin binovular pregnancy, only one of the fetuses is shown to be affected. As the probabilities for this condition are almost 1:2 when the genetic disease is due to homozygosity for two autosomal recessive genes, the problem is expected to occur ...
Liberman R B - - 1984
Obligatory runners and patients with anorexia nervosa share psychologic characteristics. The intensely atheletic person described in this report demonstrated hematologic abnormalities identical to those previously reported in anorexia nervosa. These findings, as well as nonhematologic features of the case, support the contention that obligatory running and anorexia nervosa represent interrelated ...
Merwin M C - - 1984
A case of lateral cephalothoracopagus with posterior auricles is presented and compared with similar cases previously reported. This case is the first, to our knowledge, which exhibits both unequivocal lateral juncture of the faces and posterior auricles. Thus, it may represent a pattern of juncture intermediate between janiceps and lateral ...
Jung J H - - 1984
Monozygotic twinning has been associated with a variety of vascular disruptive defects including congenital hydranencephaly/porencephaly. Data involving 24 cases of congenital hydranencephaly/porencephaly associated with twinning are reported. In these cases, the finding of a preponderance of monozygotic twins and the common association of a deceased co-twin support the hypothesis of ...
Graves G R - - 1984
An 8-year (1975-1982) study of 26 cases of nonimmune fetal hydrops revealed the main causes to be: anomalies (11/26), tachyarrhythmias (4/26), and twin-to-twin transfusion (4/26). The perinatal mortality was 19/26 (76%). Based on this series, and a review of the literature, a plan for the antenatal diagnosis and management of ...
Fitzgerald D C - - 1984
Palatal myoclonus is the name of a syndrome characterized by an involuntary rhythmic movement of the soft palate, occasionally involving the facial muscles, pharynx, larynx, and diaphragm. A review of the literature involving the etiology, pathology, symptoms, and treatment is presented. A case is reported with successful treatment with phenytoin ...
Gedda L - - 1984
A concordance study of 6 infectious diseases of childhood has been carried out in a sample of 656 twin pairs classified by sex and zygosity. A new approach is proposed to estimate the respective influence of heredity and of common environment. The estimates thus obtained range from 86% hereditary component ...
Ranta R - - 1984
Separate clefts of the lip and of the palate (CL-CP) may belong to the same etiological class as the cleft lip with or without cleft palate CL(P), or a child may have two separate anomalies, CL and CP. This theory was tested in Finnish cleft patients. Among 2471 cleft cases, ...
Shibuya H - - 1984
Identical Hodgkin's disease (HD) in monozygotic twins is presented together with a review of five previously reported pairs. The 12 reported cases of concordant HD in monozygotic twins had three characteristic features: a younger age than HD patients in general, a short interval between the onset of the disease in ...
Stoll C - - 1984
A case of monozygotic male twins discordant for skeletal and cardiac defect is reported. One twin had the hemifacial microsomia type of the oculo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia. The cotwin had no asymmetry of the face and normal ears, but preaxial polydactyly and ventricular and auricular septal defects. The cotwins were concordant for ...
Dicker D - - 1983
A case of holoacardius is presented from a monozygotic twin pregnancy of 20 weeks, in which the other twin was normal. The classification is reviewed. While the physiology and anatomy of these malformations are known, the etiology remains obscure. Theories of etiology may be divided in two groups: that the ...
Christophorou M N - - 1983
A case is reported of a child who presented with a median cleft of the lip and alveolus with polydactyly, a complex form of syndactyly and multiple toe anomalies. This is the fifth case to be reported with these features and the second case to be reported in a non-Indian ...
Hall J G - - 1983
We report on 11 cases of amyoplasia in one of identical twins. In total, 135 patients with amyoplasia were ascertained from a study of 350 patients with multiple congenital joint contractures (arthrogryposis). These 11 cases of identical twins with amyoplasia represent 8% of our patients with amyoplasia. At least 18 ...
Tanaka T - - 1983
In 157 spontaneously aborted human embryos and fetuses the incidence and evolution of coronal cleft formation was investigated radiologically and histologically. Complete clefts were formed in nine cases and incomplete clefts in 16 cases. There was a predominance of males. It is concluded that coronal clefts are variations of normal ...
Newton E R - - 1983
The increased risk associated with multiple gestation requires antepartum fetal surveillance with electronic fetal heart rate monitoring. Occasionally the nonstress test is abnormal in one fetus. We reviewed such a case for the pertinent questions about management of a nonreactive nonstress test in a twin gestation. From the case and ...
Williams J P - - 1983
Schizencephaly means clefts in the brain and refers to that condition of dysmorphogenesis in which there are bilateral, usually symmetrical, clefts in the region of the central sulcus. This condition is readily demonstrated by computed tomography and is associated with severe mental retardation. We add three case studies to those ...
McRae R G - - 1983
First branchial cleft anomaly is an uncommon clinical problem that can be difficult to diagnose and treacherous to treat. It is generally believed that branchial anomalies arise from incomplete resolution of branchial cleft remnants. They may be a fistulous tract or cystic lesions, and they may be found in all ...
Gorney M - - 1983
One of the most difficult sequelae of the cleft lip syndrome is the post-operative nasal deformity. In this presentation we define that deformity according to its components, review the groups of procedures which are available for its correction and suggest a more aggressive approach with the use of additional skeletal ...
Fong P H - - 1983
Cleft lip and palate is the most common congenital abnormality seen in the Department of Plastic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital. A total of 461 operative cases seen over a period of 5 years (1977 to 1981) is analysed. There is a relatively high incidence in the Singapore population of 2.0 ...
Roth B - - 1983
The laryngo-tracheo-oesophageal cleft is marked by a missing anatomical separation of the oesophagus and the larynx. The cleft can be restricted to the dorsal part of the larynx (type I), extend to the upper area of the trachea (type II) or involve the whole of the trachea (type III). In ...
Nowlin N S - - 1983
The cases of a pair of monozygotic female twins simultaneously concordant for anorexia nervosa area reported. About half of the previously reported cases of anorexia nervosa in twins are concordant; however, interpretation of the clinical data reviewed is difficult because diagnostic criteria are not always clear. Clinical parallels between anorexia ...
Dickinson D F - - 1982
Seventeen heart specimens with tetralogy of Fallot were studied to assess the anatomy of the ventricular septal defect and the disposition and potential vulnerability to surgical trauma of the atrioventricular conduction tissue. Eleven had defects of the perimembranous type. In the majority of these cases the non-branching and branching atrioventricular ...
Shprintzen R J - - 1982
The inheritance of Robinow's syndrome has been thought to be autosomal dominant. However, since no cases of male-to-male transmission have been reported, it has been impossible to rule out X-linked dominant inheritance. We studied a case of male-to-male transmission in a father and son with Robinow's syndrome and cleft lip-cleft ...
Lamont A - - 1981
The value of nasopharyngeal endoscopy in assessing the function of the soft palate in speech is discussed. The apparatus required and the method used are both described in some detail. The view through the endoscope in relation to the normal and abnormal palatal functions is reviewed.
Herring S W - - 1981
Anatomical features are described in a case of cephalothoracopagus female twins with laterally fused heads. There was a single foregut, shared equally by the two individuals. The tracheae, lungs, hearts, livers, and gallbladders were also shared by the two individuals. They were located in the anterior and posterior regions of ...
Bugge M - - 1981
A pair of monozygotic male twins discordant for ectopia vesicae urinariae is described. There is no reason to think that any exogenic factors contributed to the aetiology. There was no consanguinity and no history of congenital anomalies on either side of the family. Published reports concerning family incidence and twin ...
Vandereycken W - - 1981
In 1979, Askevold and Heiberg made an interesting contribution to the discussion on the hereditability of anorexia nervosa by reviewing a series of case reports concerning monozygotic twins. Their data, however, were not entirely accurate and they also overlooked some important references which are briefly discussed. 3 cases of the ...
Shugar M A - - 1980
The fourth branchial cleft anomaly has long been postulated. A case in which a lower neck sinus tract extended under the clavicle near the subclavian vessels is presented. The distinguishing features of bronchogenic and branchogenic anomalies are discussed. It appears that unless a complication (e.g., abscess, inflammatory process) of the ...
Gold A H - - 1980
A case of central nervous system heterotopia, in association with a unique cleft palate deformity, is presented and discussed. Only two cases of such palatal lesions in association with cleft palates have been previously reported. The subject of pharyngeal and palatal central nervous system heterotopia is reviewed, and hypotheses to ...
Rosenman Y - - 1980
Three infants had congenital eyelid bands, ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum (AFA), in association with cleft lip and palate. A review of the literature of all previously reported cases of AFA was performed and a new classification of the various clinical types of AFA is proposed. This new classification should aid in ...
Mabogunje O A - - 1980
12 cases of conjoined twins from West Africa were reported between 1936 and 1978. Eight sets were liveborn and were surgically separated either in local hospitals or abroad. Four were stillborn. Two new cases of stillborn conjoined twins were recently delivered at this hospital. The most common type and the ...
Jamra F A - - 1980
This case probably represents the youngest such patient reported in the literature. The large upper lip defect due to a dog bite has been primarily and successfully repaired with an Abbé flap.
Firmin R K - - 1980
A case of complete cleft sternum is presented along with the nomenclature of sternal defects. It is recommended that the term ectopia cordis should be applied only to cases in which the heart and thoracic viscera are genuinely ectopic. Surgical correction of complete cleft sternum should be performed in the ...
Olsen K D - - 1980
Our experience with anomalies of the first branchial cleft is reviewed. This includes 38 cases, the largest series collected to date. A new classification is proposed based on the anatomic findings--whether cyst, sinus, or fistula is present. The embryology and pathology of first cleft anomalies are discussed and an approach ...
Zilberman Y - - 1980
A report of clefting in three siblings of quintuplets, following treatment with Pergonal, is presented. It is suggested that the varying degrees of the abnormality may be related to cramped intra-uterine conditons or differing pressures at a critical developmental stage. To our knowledge, no previous reports of congential abnormalities associated ...
Larsen J L - - 1979
A 16-year-old girl with transsphenoidal meningocele and signs of hypothalamic insufficiency is presented. Hormonal disturbances have been reported in only three similar cases in the literature. The radiological criteria for the diagnosis are discussed with emphasis on the differential diagnosis of a persistent cranipharyngeal canal. Based on the present case ...
Nakai H - - 1979
A silicone ear frame was used in a series of 31 minor microtia cases for subtotal external ear reconstruction. The authors' original method is described and includes the unfolding of the microtic ear in 3 flaps, circular shape trimming of the frame, and enlargement of the conchal cavity. There have ...
James W H - - 1979
Published reports on the sex ratio of spina bifida have been reviewed. With one exception, there seems to be no evidence of variation in the sex ratio of spina bifida. In particular, unlike anencephaly, the sex ratio of spina bifida seems to be unrelated to the prevalence of the malformation: ...
Akkermans C H - - 1979
Two cases of ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum in siblings are presented. One sib had associated cleft lip and palate, the other had bilateral syndactyly of the second and third toes. Father, paternal grandmother, and great-grandmother all had bilateral syndactyly of the second and third toes. Cases of ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum reported ...
Engelhard D - - 1979
A five-year-old boy of Iranian origin with multiple anomalies is described. His parents are first and second cousins. He presented with short stature, psychomotor retardation, microcephaly, ptosis, dacryostenosis, partial left nerve deafness, high arched palate, bifid uvula, total fusion between incisors, asymmetric preaxial and postaxial polysyndactyly, brachyphalangy, kyphosis and spina ...
Kaplan C - - 1979
Two cases of holoacardius are presented. Both had a normal 46,XX female karyotype, identical to that of their respective cotwin. Data are presented supporting the concept that the placental vascular anastomoses are the primary agents in the formation of an acardiac. Cytogenetics, epidemiology and other theories of pathogenesis are discussed.
Askevold F - - 1979
Two female monozygous twin pairs discordant for anorexia nervosa are reported, and literature reports on 18 other monozygous pairs are reviewed. Four of the reported pairs are inadequately described and there is doubt about the diagnosis. When the 2 pairs reported here are included, 16 pairs remain: l (38%) were ...
Tejani A - - 1978
An omphalocele is a congenital defect of the abdominal wall, through which intestines and other intraabdominal organs protrude outside the abdominal cavity. The defect in the abdominal wall is covered by a translucent sac composed of peritoneum internally and amniotic membrane externally, through which the viscera can be seen. Such ...
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