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Matsumoto H - - 1989
Cheilitis glandularis is a rare disorder characterized by swelling of the lip with hyperplasia of labial salivary glands, typically in the lower lip of adult males. A definitive cause and treatment for this disorder have not yet been established. Herein is reported a case of cheilitis glandularis affecting the upper ...
Lew D - - 1989
A patient with a severe orofacial defect secondary to congenital rubella is described. The absence of the lower portion of the orbicularis oris muscle, the death of tissue in the infralabial region, as well as the presence of only a vestigial lower lip has hitherto not been reported in the ...
Jones A S - - 1989
For many years nasal resistance to airflow measured by rhinomanometry has been regarded as the objective measure of nasal patency. However, recently it has become apparent that this may not be the case. The present study was designed to affirm or refute this view by using large numbers of subjects ...
Srivastava S - - 1989
Traumatic loss of vermilion and mucocutaneous junction is not uncommon. It is usually treated by wedge resection of lip. When the defect is large, resection may lead to compromise of oral aperture. An alternative method of reconstruction with twin subcutaneous advancement flaps used in three cases is presented. The author ...
Zunt S L - - 1989
Fifty-one cases of oral condyloma acuminatum are reported, bringing the total number in the English medical/dental literature to approximately 156 cases. Ninety-five percent of the 59 new cases were in males. Eight-one percent occurred in the age range of 21-40 years. The most common locations were upper lip, lingual frenum, ...
Juntunen J - - 1989
From the Finnish Twin Cohort (n = 27,100 pairs with known zygosity) all cases of diagnosed multiple sclerosis (MS) were reviewed and those with clinically verified MS were invited for further examinations at the Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, with their co-twins. Twenty one cases (19 pairs, of which 17 ...
Hersh J H - - 1989
We report on a patient with humero-radio-ulnar synostosis and upper limb oligoectrosyndactyly. All cases have been sporadic including discordance in monozygotic twins, and similar findings have occurred in thalidomide embryopathy. Further observations of similarly affected patients are needed to elucidate the nature of this upper limb defect and its cause.
Shaikh A B - - 1989
The Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare triad of unilateral facial paralysis, facial swelling, and fissured tongue; often only two of the components are manifest. The occurrence of swollen lips together with the characteristic microscopic appearance is called granulomatous cheilitis, which many believe is the oligosymptomatic form of MRS. This ...
Fernández H - - 1989
Since campylobacter infections in humans at early age have not been thoroughly documented yet, it seemed interesting to report the occurrence of two simultaneous cases of C. coli enteritis in one newborn monozygotic twin pair. Their clinical history, epidemiology and microbiological analysis, development of specific serum and mucosal immunity as ...
Ranta R - - 1988
2 patients are presented, and the oblique lateral oro-ocular clefts discussed with emphasis on classification, dentition and microforms. A review of the literature revealed 10 patients with oblique lateral oro-ocular facial cleft (no. 5 in Tessier's classification), 3 bilateral and 7 unilateral. 5 unilateral cases had a median oblique facial ...
Ryan C A - - 1988
Concordance for Goldenhar anomaly has been described in monozygotic (MZ) twins on 2 occasions but never in dizygotic (DZ) twins. In both cases the twins were similarly, although not identically, affected. We report on a pair of probably monozygotic twins (8% probability of DZ) who presented with extremely diverse manifestations ...
Pretorius D H - - 1988
Doppler sonography of umbilical arteries was used to evaluate eight cases of twin transfusion syndrome (TTS). Data were collected regarding the Doppler and real-time sonographic evaluation, clinical course, and outcome. In addition, the literature was reviewed. An abnormal peak systolic velocity (A) to end diastolic velocity (B) ratio, as defined ...
Masser M R - - 1988
The tissue expansion system developed at Odstock Hospital in 1983 and subsequently used in clinical practice is described. The case report illustrates the use of the twin version of this device in the elimination of male pattern baldness. Data are given revealing the tissue compliance and growth response to hydraulic ...
Castilla E E - - 1988
Twenty-three cases of symmetrical conjoined twins were registered by the Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations (ECLAMC) in 1,714,952 births, which were observed during the 1967-1986 period in 95 maternity hospitals distributed in eleven Latin-American countries. This results in a birth prevalence rate of about 1/75,000 births. The secular and ...
Rossi M B - - 1987
Three cases of twins conjoined across the chest were examined. In one set, one twin showed right atrial isomerism and the other showed the usual atrial arrangement. The other two sets showed the usual atrial arrangement in both twins. The associated cardiac anomalies were diverse, ranging from atrioventricular septal defects ...
McFarlane E S - - 1987
Restriction endonucleases were used to show the excretion of an identical strain of cytomegalovirus (CMV) by two brothers over a 2 1/2-yr period. The same enzymes were used to show that the younger brother, case report, excreted an adenovirus over at least a 3-mo period. We are unable to determine ...
Yamamoto K - - 1987
4 cases of Cornelia de Lange syndrome with cleft palate are presented. All cases had the characteristic features of this syndrome. As to oral manifestations, high arches were noted in 2 cases, cleft of hard and soft palate in 1 case, submucous cleft palate in 2 cases. As the others ...
Bossen E H - - 1987
A child with heterotopic brain tissue in her soft palate and nasopharynx is presented. Within the mass there was a small oligodendroglioma. Eighteen previous cases of heterotopic brain tissue in the nasopharynx and soft palate are also reviewed. These differ from nasal gliomas in that the latter do not contain ...
Godbersen S - - 1987
We report on 2 patients (and review a third) with a vertical midline neck web which extends from the lower symphysis of the mandible to a variable extent down to the jugular notch. This uncommon congenital anomaly, previously reported primarily in the (plastic) surgery literature, is interpreted as the mildest ...
King N M - - 1987
Teeth located in the nasal cavity are a rare phenomenon of uncertain cause. A case is presented of such an anomaly found in a patient with a repaired cleft lip and palate. A review of the literature with a discussion of the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, and etiology is also ...
Hof E - - 1987
Our series of 17 children with laryngotracheal clefts is reported. In three of four cases with a complicated postoperative course, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has been found. Three breakdowns of the surgical repair opposed to be due to GER. Only one child with a cleft type III died, although a mortality ...
Cohen D - - 1987
Primary cholesteatomas (PCs) are embryologic residual nests in the middle ear cleft. Based on a study of 56 cases (48 of them from the literature), a new classification is suggested: tympanic cavity PC (71% of the cases), and temporal bone PC (29%). Among the tympanic cavity cases a significant number ...
Czeizel A - - 1988
In order to investigate possible teratogenic effects of commonly used benzodiazepines (diazepam, chlordiazepoxide, nitrazepam) in Hungary, four approaches were used: 1. A retrospective case-control study of 630 cases with isolated cleft lip +/- cleft palate, 179 cases with isolated cleft palate, 392 cases of multiple congenital anomalies including cleft lip ...
Hagberg B - - 1987
Recent progress from pooled clinical experience is reviewed. The approximate number of documented cases of Rett syndrome (RS) as of October 1986 was 1,100. Three sister pairs, 3 monozygotic twin pairs (both twin girls affected), 3 dizygotic twin pairs (one twin girl affected) are known. Genetics are discussed based on ...
Moore C A - - 1987
Since 1963, 11 cases have been reported in which both the acardiac twin and the "normal" co-twin were studied cytogenetically. Aneuploidy or polyploidy was clearly identified in the acardiac twin in 7 cases and in the co-twin in 1 case. We report on 2 additional twin pairs in which aneuploidy ...
Bucholz R D - - 1987
A case of craniopagus twins joined in the temporoparietal area is presented, along with a review of the literature on craniopagus. A large area of brain was shared between the neurologically normal infants, with defects in the scalp, skull, and dura. The twins were separated in a three-step procedure. First, ...
Brenbridge A N - - 1987
The ultrasonic intrauterine diagnosis of cephalothoracopagus, a form of conjoined twinning, can be made when a monochorionic monoamniotic gestation contains a single head and torso accompanied by eight limbs. This is the second reported case of the syncephalus variety of cephalothoracopagus twins associated with clomiphene citrate use; however, the association ...
Zalzal G H - - 1986
A newborn who experienced respiratory distress just after birth had an oral web that extended from the floor of the mouth anterior to the tongue up to the hard palate. The membrane was slit in the midline to facilitate air exchange. The patient did well without intubation, and the web ...
Gibson J Y - - 1986
The acardiac anomaly is a rare condition found only in monozygotic multiple pregnancies, usually twins. We present a review of the pathophysiology of acardia and a case report. Twin embryonic membrane formation is discussed, since a conceptual understanding of the subject is necessary for the early recognition of this and ...
Hughes H E - - 1986
Death in utero of one member of a monozygotic twin pair has been associated with vascular disruptive phenomena in the surviving twin. It has been hypothesized that this event initiates clot formation in the surviving twin with consequent necrosis of tissues distal to the occluded vessels. This case report describes ...
De Greef A - - 1986
A case is reported in which serial expansion was used to create scalp and forehead flaps of superior quality skin and subcutaneous tissue to cover a central forehead defect. The background and principles governing this surgery are discussed.
Franca-Martins A M - - 1986
A case of unilateral tubal twin gestation is presented and the literature reviewed. No satisfactory explanation exists for the rarity of this condition relative to the incidence of intra-uterine multiple gestation.
Visintini D - - 1986
A case of palatal myoclonus and inferior olive hypertrophy is reported. Lesions located other than in the medulla were cerebellar infarction, lymphomatous infiltrates and, supratentorially, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. It is suggested that double innervation of the olives from either side dentate nucleus may be why in the case reported here ...
Lewin S O - - 1986
Fibular aplasia and/or hypoplasia is documented as a developmental field defect and the extent of the fibular developmental field is delineated. The term fibular a/hypoplasia denotes the clinical spectrum of fibular deficiency in different patients and also implies that aplasia can be present in one limb and hypoplasia in the ...
Young I D - - 1986
Two babies with sirenomelia are described. Case 1, one of twins, showed the full sirenomelia sequence in conjunction with atelencephaly and cebocephaly. Case 2 had malformations consistent with a diagnosis of the VATER association. Review of the literature indicates that the basic defect in sirenomelia and the VATER association lies ...
Adekeye E O - - 1985
A survey of cleft lip and palate in 160 Nigerians is presented. In clefts of the lip alone, there was no sex predilection whereas cleft lip and palate cases showed a slight male preponderance. 119 (74.4%) cases presented below the age of 12 years and 41 (25.6%) cases were first ...
Evans J N - - 1985
The anomaly of posterior laryngeal cleft and the more extensive laryngotracheoesophageal cleft is extremely rare. Twenty-one cases of cleft larynx are reviewed. A new, simpler clinically oriented classification of the clefts is proposed, and the difficulty in establishing the precise diagnosis is stressed. Stridor is the commonest presenting symptom in ...
Elbadawy M H - - 1985
This case study describes a female monozygotic twinship in which one of the twins presented with anorexia nervosa. The case supports the suggestion from the few such discordant pairs previously reported that the affected twin tends to have been relatively disadvantaged from an early age and to be the less ...
Holinger L D - - 1985
Cleft larynx is a rare congenital anomaly becoming recognized and reported with increasing frequency. While it is most commonly associated with aspiration in newborns, airway obstruction can occur. We report two cases of upper airway obstruction due to a soft tissue mass related to the cleft. Since endoscopic findings of ...
Fitzgerald E J - - 1985
Three sets of conjoined twins recently diagnosed by us in the antenatal period are presented. From these cases and a review of the literature we present the ultrasound diagnostic features of the various forms of this rare condition. We discuss the importance of associated anomalies and shared organs with their ...
Lee S T - - 1985
This is a report of 12 cases of congenital median cleft deformity of the upper lip seen in the Department of Plastic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital. This deformity is extremely rare and there are probably not more than 100 cases reported in the literature. The classification, nomenclature, pathogenesis and embryological ...
Putz B - - 1985
This is a report of monoamniotic-monochorionic (ie, probably MZ) twins, one of which had anencephaly, whereas the co-twin died of complications of prematurity. Autopsy in this seemingly nonmalformed twin showed a small encephalocele. The literature on MZ twins with discordant anencephaly is often contradictory. It is suggested that this might ...
Bishara S E - - 1985
Dentofacial findings, audiometric and tympanometric studies, and the results of a speech evaluation of a 4-year-old boy from Yucatan, Mexico, with a rare median facial cleft are reported. It is of interest to note that all the abnormalities present in this patient were limited to the midline structures of the ...
Gargan T J - - 1985
Midline cervical cleft is a rare congenital anomaly of the ventral neck. A series of 12 cases of midline cervical clefts over a 30-year period is reported. This anomaly is part of a spectrum of midline branchiogenic syndromes resulting from abnormal migration of cells derived from the branchial arches. The ...
van Groeninghen J C - - 1985
A case of an acardiac acephalic monster is described, and the literature concerning the incidence, classification and etiology of acardia is reviewed. Acardia is a very rare congenital anomaly occurring in less than 1 in 34600 deliveries. The acardiac monster has been reported only in multiple, monochorionic pregnancies. This bizarre ...
Khoo B C - - 1985
A short historical review of proboscis lateralis is given and some of the important contributions highlighted. Forster was the first to mention this abnormality. I collected 34 cases from the literature (including one of my own) and have divided them clinically into four groups. The proboscis is most commonly associated ...
Smith K G - - 1985
Cerebrocostomandibular syndrome (CCM) is characterized by micrognathia, cleft palate, rib defects, and frequently, mental deficiency. Death from respiratory complications occurs in 40 percent of cases before they reach 1 year of age. We describe a case of CCM with the previously unreported findings of large for gestational age at birth, ...
Mutchinick O - - 1985
We investigated the fetal mortality in 903 sibships with at least one member having cleft lip with or without cleft palate [CL(P)] and 213 with at least one individual affected with cleft palate (CP) derived from three different data sources in México. The frequency of fetal wastage (abortion and/or stillbirth) ...
Modena V - - 1985
Analysis of five personal cases of the intravertebral vacuum cleft phenomenon and a close examination of the literature, suggest that it is rather more frequent than it first appears. Intravertebral vacuum cleft tends to occur more readily in the vertebrae of the dorsolumbar hinge and mainly in the elderly, slightly ...
Dawod S T - - 1984
A 10-year-old boy presented with marked growth retardation. He was found to have an empty sella demonstrated by CT and Metrizamide cisternography. Endocrinological investigation confirmed the diagnosis of panhypopituitarism. This is the first case reported in a twin and the fifth pediatric case with marked endocrine dysfunction reported in the ...
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