Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 473
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Singh A - - 1994
A case of Goldenhar's syndrome in a three months old male child with epibulbar dermoid (Fig. 1), accessory auricular appendages (Fig. 2), transverse facial cleft (Figs. 1 and 3), pedunculated mass on the left cheek (Figs. 2 and 3), asymmetry of skull (Fig. 4) and imperforate anus (already operated) is ...
Luzzatto C - - 1994
Fetus in fetu is a rare pathological condition, presenting as a congenital tumor. It consists of a malformed parasitic twin that is found within the body of its sibling. Less than 70 cases have been reported and in most of them a definite diagnosis was only made during surgery. We ...
Vrebos J J Department of Plastic Surgery, Clinique St. Jean, Brussels, - - 1994
After reviewing the historical aspects of the various lip-switch flaps, the authors draw attention to the existence of a report of a lip-switch flap performed in Sweden in 1756 by J.G.Hierzel.
Acton C M - - 1993
Three cases of twin pregnancy complicated by an acardiac twin are reported. This is a rare abnormality of twins. A vascular communication exists between the twins and the usually normal twin or so called 'pump' twin may develop cardiac failure as a result of perfusion of the abnormal twin. The ...
Richman L C - - 1993
This historic review of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association was written by the Historian charged by the ACPA Executive Council for the purpose of updating the history of the organization in honor of its 50th Anniversary. The data base for this review was the previously published 36-year history by Historian ...
Cook N J - - 1993
The aetiology of systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) is unknown but it is thought to have both genetic and environmental components. The familial incidence of the disease is very low and we have been able to find only one report of scleroderma in identical twins which was in the Russian literature. We ...
Nakata N M - - 1993
We report on 3 Brazilian children with short stature, microcephaly, cleft palate, lateral synechiae, and mild mental retardation. One patient was an isolated case and the other had an equally affected brother. Genetic aspects and phenotypic manifestations are compared with those of previous reports with oral synechiae. Recurrence in sibs ...
Williams M S - - 1993
We present a patient with blepharophimosis, joint contractures, immobile facies, decreased muscular bulk, postnatal growth retardation, developmental delay, micrognathia, cleft palate, camptodactyly, arachnodactyly, pectus, kyphoscoliosis, hypospadias, and absent deep tendon reflexes. These findings are consistent with Marden-Walker syndrome (MWS). Twenty-two additional cases in the literature are reviewed. Diagnostic criteria are ...
Chadha R - - 1993
Incomplete parasitic twinning with the parasite attached at the host's epigastrium is extremely rare. We report a case of epigastric parasitic twinning where the parasite with a well-developed pelvis and lower limbs had accessory pelvic organs and was attached to the host above an omphalocele. The parasite was excised and ...
Plattner V - - 1993
Among conjoined twins (1 out 50000 births), thoracopagus occurs most frequently and is generally lethal. Our anatomical study of five sets of sternopagus twins (3 female, 2 male) was performed to determine the ability of prenatal sonography to detect these anomalies. Autopsy in four cases revealed identical malformations: common sternum, ...
Becker R - - 1993
A case of occipital encephalocele combined with right-sided pulmonary agenesis in one sibling of a twin gestation is presented. Both, encephalocele and lung aplasia, are rare conditions, the former occurring with a frequency of 1:3000-1:30,000, the latter in 1:10,000-1:30,000. Although both conditions may show concomitant malformations, to our knowledge this ...
da Veiga M - - 1993
The limiting and internal sulci of the cuneus of the occipital lobe of 80 cerebri of Brazilians of either sex (24 females and 56 males) were studied and findings were correlated with each hemisphere and the sex of the individuals. The distribution of the material was 39 Caucasians (11 females ...
Mavili E - - 1992
Three cases of oro-ocular clefts from different families are presented. Two of the cases had a normal chromosomal constitution. The defects in each case were evaluated by computerized tomography computerized tomography prior to surgery. The theories concerning etiology and classification of oblique facial clefts are discussed in the light of ...
Christensen K - - 1992
The possible impact of selection bias in genetic and epidemiological studies of cleft lip and palate was studied, using three nationwide ascertainment sources and an autopsy study in a 10% sample of the Danish population. A total of 670 cases were identified. Two national record systems, when used together, were ...
Pohl P - - 1992
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using N-isopropyl-p-(123I)iodoamphetamine (123I-IMP) and 99Tcm-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (99Tcm-HMPAO) was performed in 25 patients with different clinical stages of AIDS encephalopathy. The average interval between the two examinations was 7 days. In 15 of the 25 cases (60%) 99Tcm-HMPAO scans were different from 123I-IMP scans. Uptake ...
Albert M C - - 1992
We reviewed 13 pairs of conjoined twins treated at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between 1957 and 1988. Orthopedic problems were related to the ischiopagus type. These included problems related to separation and to the correction of associated deformities. The technique for separation has evolved through improved preoperative imaging and with ...
Neal G S - - 1992
Monoamniotic twins are rare, with a double survival rate of only 40%. Congenital anomalies, while more common among twins in general, are particularly common in monoamniotic twins, with the increase principally the result of structural defects. Discordant phenotypes have been reported, but a malformation of the external ear in one ...
Stoykewych A A - - 1992
Reverse smoking is a habit that is endemic in many Indian, South American and Caribbean communities. Two case reports of reverse smoking are presented in this paper. Although it causes characteristic changes in the palate, the role of reverse smoking in oral cancer is unclear. No clinical studies are available ...
Altaras M M - - 1992
A case is presented of a twin gestation comprising a grossly normal fetus and placenta coexisting with a separate hydatidiform mole which ended in an abortion. Both developed following ovulation induction with human menopausal gonadotrophin and human chorionic gonadotrophin. The literature is reviewed and clinical aspects of this rare entity ...
Wittmann B K - - 1992
In four cases of delayed delivery of a twin pregnancy with survival of the second twin, the interval ranged at 41-143 days. Review of the literature and our cases supports the following approach: high ligation of the umbilical cord with an absorbable suture, cervical suture in the presence of cervical ...
Thatte R - - 1992
The conflict between the need to create an effective levator palati sling on the one hand, and the morbidity of raising oral mucoperiosteal flaps on the other, is highlighted in the treatment of clefts of the bony palate, with a limited review of the existing literature. A method in which ...
Tanabe H - - 1992
The spectral sensitivity of the rapid off-response in the electroretinogram was studied in monozygotic female twins. One case was diagnosed as congenital deuteranomaly, and the other was normal. The log ratio of the sensitivity at 480 nm to the sensitivity at 620 nm (log S480/S620) was within the deutan range ...
Corsello G - - 1992
We present male monozygotic twins with thanatophoric dysplasia (TD) type I concordant for long bone abnormalities and discordant for cloverleaf skull. The twins were the product of the second pregnancy of unrelated parents, with advanced paternal age. Prenatal diagnosis and postmortem examination showed severe rhizomelic shortness of limbs, bowing of ...
Biswas S K - - 1992
A 3-day-old boy baby presented with a cystic umbilical swelling covered mostly by skin and partly by amnion. On the surface, an early embryo-like structure was attached (facial features and limb buds). The deeper aspect of it was composed of large cystic and tubular structures and solid organs resembling liver ...
Okamura K - - 1992
Discordant twins are of obstetrical concern because of high morbidity and mortality of either the smaller or the larger twin, or both. The discordance becomes apparent usually in the second trimester. We report a case of discordant twins diagnosed in the 10th week of gestation, which was concluded to be ...
Pascarella E M - - 1991
Collapsing pes plano valgus deformity and pes cavus deformity have been identified and treated for many years. Recently, a combination of these deformities has been recognized occurring simultaneously. This multiplanar deformity is known as the cavo-valgus foot. Treatment of this foot type requires a firm understanding of planal dominance. The ...
Tiwari P - - 1991
The number 2 craniofacial cleft as described by Tessier is an extremely rare cleft of unknown aetiology with distinct soft tissue and bony characteristics. The location of the deformity on the nostril rim is a distinguishing feature of the cleft. It traverses the alveolar arch at the level of the ...
Endo M - - 1991
We describe a girl, one of monozygotic (MZ) twins, with endocrine dysfunction with precocious puberty, café-au-lait nevi and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (PFD), McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS). After treatment with cyproterone acetate for 7 years the precocious puberty and excess growth improved but the bone-age still remain advanced. The co-twin had an ...
Akane A - - 1991
The application of variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) markers to the determination of twin zygosity was investigated. In the first case, which was performed with the use of six VNTR markers, the probability of monozygosity, calculated from Essen-Möller's formula II, was 0.99972. In the other three cases in which ...
Juri J - - 1991
The result of secondary rhinoplasties in men must be absolutely natural. The dorsum, the tip's elevation, and the diverse angles that the nose forms with the rest of the face--that is, shape, dimension, and proportion--must be correct. Illustrative cases of the most frequent defects are presented along with ways to ...
Stanton S L - - 1991
The diagnosis of urethral sphincter incompetence is confirmed by urodynamic studies which essentially involved twin channel subtracted cystometry. Detrusor instability and voiding difficulty must be detected. The indications for and an outline of conservative treatment are reviewed. The indications for surgery and a brief review of the operations and how ...
Galante G G Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, - - 1991
Two cases of facial clefts that fit the anatomic description of the rare Tessier number 5 cleft are presented and bring the total number of reported cases to 19. These cases and a review of the literature help define the soft-tissue course of the cleft from just medial to the ...
Karsdorp V H - - 1991
A case of prenatal diagnosed thoracopagus conjoined twins is presented. In thoracopagus twins the cardiovascular system mainly determines the options for separation and survival. Therefore prenatal investigation of this organ system is indispensable. Ultrasound level-2 examination predicted the impossibility of separation and fully matched the autopsy findings. In conclusion, ultrasound ...
Goldberger S B - - 1991
One of the less common complications of multiple gestation is intrauterine demise of one or more fetuses. Despite the many case reports in the literature, there are no firm guidelines regarding the management of this problem. We herein report the favorable outcome of the conservative approach we chose for managing ...
Shamsudheen M - - 1991
Forty cleft cases in the age range of 5-12 years where the palatal repair had been performed at 16-24 months (17 cases), 24-36 months (15 cases) and 36-72 months (8 cases) were assessed retrospectively, for the status of maxillary arch and were segregated as acceptable and unacceptable. Plaster casts were ...
Rodriguez M M - - 1991
This report details a cluster of 5 cases of iniencephaly with anencephaly and rachischisis occurring over a 4-month period at Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami Medical Center in Miami, Florida. All 5 cases of this rare, lethal, congenital malformation seen in the cluster included diaphragmatic defects with accompanying hernia, omphalocele, ...
Govila A - - 1991
Proboscis lateralis of type IV has not yet been reported from the Indian subcontinent. The authors gives a report on a case of this type and describes the technique of reconstruction not described before. A case of a right-sided proboscis lateralis associated with ipsilateral hemi-nasal aplasia and contralateral nostril and ...
Van Joost T - - 1991
We report a case of a 35-year-old female with a persistent pruritic acantholytic and dyskeratotic eruption on the chest and vulva. The light and electron microscopic studies showed suprabasal epidermal clefting with acantholysis and dyskeratotic cells. We suggest that the most appropriate term for this case is that of benign ...
Lang M J - - 1991
Persistent truncus arteriosus (TA) is an uncommon congenital cardiovascular malformation, which comprises between 0.4% and 4% of all congenital heart defects. Occurrence of TA in siblings has been reported infrequently. Twins concordant for isolated TA appear to have been reported only once previously. In this paper, we describe dizygotic twin ...
Silveira T R - - 1991
1. Four pairs of discordant twins were observed in a series of 237 extrahepatic biliary atresia patients ascertained in London. 2. The twinning prevalence (1.7%) was as expected considering the ethnic composition of the sample. 3. Out of a total of 17 other twin pairs reported in the literature, only ...
de León G A - - 1990
Cardiac transplantation was performed in two infants with unresectable fibromas of the myocardium. In one patient, lip surgery was also required for unilateral cleft lip and palate. At autopsy, communicating hydrocephalus of mild to moderate degree was found in both cases. In the patient with facial clefts, there was also ...
Walter J D - - 1990
The limited literature on the lateral pharyngeal recess of Rosenmüller and the various presentations of pharyngeal webbing are reviewed. Webbing across the lateral pharyngeal recess is described in 28 of 31 adults with cleft palate examined. The phenomenon has not been reported before and does not appear to be a ...
Schlessel J S - - 1990
The predicted incidence of liveborn monozygotic trisomy 18 twins is one per million births. The first case of liveborn monozygotic trisomy 18 twins was reported in 1989 and we report a second case in which striking phenotypic discordance existed. The probability of monozygotic trisomy 18 twinning and the mechanisms for ...
Lavery J P - - 1990
In a case of monoamniotic twinning, amniography was used to confirm the diagnosis. This modality, old but now employed infrequently, helps establish the absence of a dividing membrane and complements currently used ultrasound diagnostic methods. A successful outcome resulted. Amniography should be considered a useful diagnostic modality in the management ...
Widgerow A D - - 1990
The Klippel-Feil anomaly is a condition characterized by congenital vertebral fusion, which may be associated with a short neck and a low posterior hairline. In the patient presented here, there was congenital cervical fusion, cleft palate, and bifid tongue. The occurrence of cervical fusion and cleft palate has been reported ...
Eriksen C - - 1990
Laryngeal cleft is a rare congenital laryngeal anomaly that has been recognized more frequently in recent years. It can be a serious problem, consisting of separation of the arytenoids with a fissure resulting from a defect in the fusion of the posterior cricoid cartilage lamina. Dysphagia with aspiration of food ...
Gunzburg R - - 1990
We report the cases of teenage twin girls presenting within months of each other with severe symptoms from lumbosacral disc prolapses, requiring laminectomy in one and chemonucleolysis in the other. CT scans showed similarities in spinal configuration, including the presence of disc bulges at the L4-5 level. This suggests a ...
Stretch J R - - 1990
A patient with a Tessier No. 4 cleft and an associated bifid nasolacrimal system is presented and considered within the Tessier classification of craniofacial clefting. Previous accounts of nasolacrimal abnormalities associated with facial clefts are reviewed together with the accepted developmental embryology. It is proposed that the bifid nasolacrimal duct ...
Toth B A BA Children's Hospital Medical Center, Northern California, San - - 1990
Tissue expansion can be a valuable tool in the reconstruction of soft-tissue defects in craniofacial clefts. To our knowledge, there have been no reports in the literature of the use of tissue expanders to help solve this problem. We report the case of a child with an atypical Tessier no. ...
Felding I B - - 1990
Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome is an uncommon, autosomal dominant condition characterized by distinctive craniofacial anomalies, cleft lip or palate, poor dentition, poor hair growth, dystrophic nails, and hypohidrosis, and hypospadias in boys. Since the original report in 1968, fewer than 20 other patients have been described. We report a new sporadic case, ...
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