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Aquino D B - - 1997
A case of craniopagus parasiticus is described in which the parasitic twin is more fully developed anatomically than in any of the previous reports. Somatic and placental vascular anastomoses between the twins and hypoplasia of the umbilical cord of the parasite were also observed. These findings support the hypothesis that ...
Urban M - - 1997
We discuss an unlabelled specimen of tetraphocomelia and bilaterally cleft lip from the former Virchow Museum of our Medical School. Identity of the subject with a case of what was later termed "Roberts syndrome" published by Rudolf Virchow in 1898 is demonstrated. Rediscovery of this important historical case is gratifying, ...
Kesling K L - - 1997
STUDY DESIGN: This study is a meta-analysis of the world's literature on adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in monozygotic and dizygotic twins. Additionally, six previously unreported cases of scoliosis in twins are presented. OBJECTIVES: To compare and contrast the concordance, severity, and curve patterns in monozygotic and dizygotic twins with adolescent idiopathic ...
Babcook C J - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to determine whether scanning of the fetal midface in the axial plane allows accurate characterization of facial clefts. During fetal anatomic survey, facial clefts were identified in six fetuses. The midface anatomy was evaluated with ultrasonography in the coronal and axial planes, and the ...
Sollecito T P - - 1997
Elephantiasis nostras (EN) is a clinical entity that usually presents as a persistent swelling of the lower extremities. It has been related to recurrent lymphangitis of bacterial origin that causes a fibrosis and thickening of both epidermal and connective tissue. Although very rare, EN has been previously reported in the ...
Suyama N - - 1997
We present a case of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) with palatal myoclonus occurred in a 64-year-old man. The nucleus olivaris of the medulla oblongata showed high signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images, indicating brainstem tegmental atrophy, which were confirmed as hypertrophy of the nucleus inferior olivaris at autopsy. The characteristic ...
Newman J P - - 1997
Distortion of ear protrusion after rhytidectomy results in an aesthetically unfavorable appearance. We have seen cases in which the auriculocephalic angle has widened postoperatively, producing a noticeable deformity. Herein, we report 3 cases that resulted in abnormal postsurgical ear protrusion. We also discuss prevention through the use of conchal setback ...
Girela E - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of heteropaternal superfecundation. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University paternity laboratory. PATIENT(S): Father, mother, and a set of twins. INTERVENTION(S): Blood typing conventional markers, as well as polymerase chain reaction loci and restriction fragment length polymorphism loci of DNA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Heteropaternal superfecundation was demonstrated ...
Carroll S G - - 1997
Fetal hemoglobin concentration was measured in each twin from five monochorionic pregnancies complicated by twin-to-twin transfusion, diagnosed by growth discordance and coexistent oligohydramnios-polyhydramnios. In three cases the hemoglobin concentration of the smaller twin with oligohydramnios was lower than the normal mean for gestation, and the hemoglobin difference was more than ...
Shah S - - 1997
We present a case of duplication of the pituitary gland with associated clefts of the hard palate and body of the sphenoid and a midline palatine dermoid. This is an extremely rare malformation with only six previous case reports in the literature. Imaging findings are discussed and literature reviewed for ...
Erickson R P - - 1997
Female pseudohermaphroditism with caudal dysplasia is a clinical entity in which normal-appearing male genitalia may occur in the apparent absence of testosterone or the sex-determining gene (SR Y). We have extended observations of two previously reported cases, and report a third case, which strongly suggests multiple etiologies. The first case ...
Meliko─člu M - - 1997
A case of thoraco-omphalo-ischiopagus bipus conjoined twins is reported. The twins shared a common lower chest and abdominal wall, a single pelvis and two lower extremities. Our initial approach was to determine the detailed anatomy of the viscera and then to outline a surgical plan. However, the twins' general condition ...
Verska J M - - 1997
STUDY DESIGN: This case report identifies one identical twin with an os odontoideum after trauma and the other twin with a normal cervical spine and no history of trauma. OBJECTIVES: To highlight the etiology of os odontoideum as posttraumatic as opposed to congenital in nature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: The etiology ...
Dewhurst S N - - 1997
Genetic factors have been implicated in the aetiology of infraocclusion, but only three published reports describe infraocclusion of primary molars in twins. This case report describes the occurrence of infraocclusion in two pairs of twins. The distribution of affected teeth and the severity of infraocclusion were strikingly similar in each ...
Froster U G - - 1997
We report on 2 brothers with lethal multiple pterygium syndrome (LMPS) born to non-consanguineous parents as late spontaneous abortions. Both fetuses presented with massive nuchal edema, and facial anomalies including cleft palate and broad ribs. Apparently, several subgroups of LMPS exist. Differentiation is difficult, as there is no consistent agreement ...
Conley S F - - 1997
PURPOSE: To review current literature with respect to the diagnosis and assessment of velopharyngeal inadequacy (VPI), including present knowledge about the most common causes of VPI. METHODS: Data sources include published reports over the past 20 years derived from computerized databases and bibliographies of pertinent articles and books. Indexing terms ...
Vinatier D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated, by reviewing publications and their personal experience, opportunities for the use of nitroglycerin to manage several obstetric emergencies. METHODS: A retrospective study of 10 observations of internal podalic versions of the second non-vertex twin, with administration of intravenous nitroglycerine, performed between August 1994 and March 1996, ...
Nath S - - 1996
The University Teaching Hospital (UTH) is based in the Zambian capital, Lusaka. It is the main referral centre for the country, which has a population of over 8 million (census 1992). Thirteen sets of conjoined twins have been seen over the 24 year period between 1970 and 1993. Out of ...
Bhattacharyya A K - - 1996
The genetic aspects of choanal atresia have not been clearly defined though it is probably a multifactorial trait as in cleft lip and cleft palate. The appearance of the condition in both single and successive generations supports this contention. Choanal atresia can occur as an isolated anomaly, but is more ...
Spencer R - - 1996
The function of language is communication, but accurate communication is impossible unless the language is mutually understood. In an extensive review of the literature of conjoined twins, considerable difficulty was encountered in interpreting the variations in nomenclature--the designation of the different types of union as well as the identification of ...
Chen C P - - 1996
We report on six cases with CVS-exposed limb-"reduction" defects born in our hospital during a period of 9 years (1986-1994). Four cases were associated with other birth defects. One had an oromandibular-limb hypogenesis syndrome with a cleft lip and jejunal atresia, a second had an oromandibular-limb hypogenesis (Hanhart) syndrome, a ...
Arndal H - - 1996
A first branchial cleft anomaly is an unusual clinical condition and the clinical picture is similar to that seen in other much more common diseases. This combination may result in a diagnostic delay and insufficient and dangerous primary surgery, resulting in facial nerve damage. This paper reviews the embryological background ...
Métneki J - - 1996
The study relates to congenital limb reduction defects (CLRDs) in twins from a 10-year-period (1975-1984) and is based on cases from the Hungarian Congenital Abnormality Registry. In order to clarify the respective contributions of genetic and environmental factors to CLRDs and the role of causal factors in common with twinning, ...
Yeung K H - - 1996
Ectopic dental eruption into the nasal cavity is a rare phenomenon with an obscure cause. A case of an early erupted intranasal tooth in a patient with a repaired cleft lip, an unrepaired cleft alveolus, and fusion of lower incisor teeth is reported. Only three similar cases of intranasal teeth ...
Kobayashi Y - - 1996
Recently, a number of reports have been published on recurrent herpetic infection of the oral mucosa. In most of these cases, the infected tissue is the fixed intraoral mucosa, such as the gingiva or hard palate. Infection of movable mucosa such as the tongue, which is reported in the present ...
Crowley J J - - 1996
A rare case of small bowel malrotation occurring in each of a pair of identical twins is presented. The conflicting evidence in the literature regarding possible hereditary influences is reviewed. This case raises the intriguing question of whether this disorder is due to a prenatal insult, an autosomal recessive gene, ...
Kendler K S - - 1995
While twin studies of psychiatric disorders have been conducted for over 65 years, surprisingly little is known about the comparability of psychiatric symptoms in adult twins and singletons. To address this question, we compared the means and variances of four-factor scores on the self-report Symptom Check List in twins and ...
Korula S - - 1995
We report on several individuals with bilateral cleft lip and palate, lagophthalmia, megaloblepharon, distichiasis, and ectropion of the lower eyelids, representing in total a distinct craniofacial syndrome. Eight cases (3 from 1 family) in ages ranging from 1-45 years were identified over a 7-year period in the Cleft Palate and ...
Héron D - - 1995
Cleft sternum is a rare malformation due to partial or total failure of sternal fusion at an early stage of embryonic development. Sternal clefts can be classified as superior, inferior, or complete. Here we report on a 2-year-old boy with inferior sternal cleft and complex cardiac malformation. We review a ...
Iida A - - 1995
A case of craniosynostosis with joint contractures, ear deformity, cleft palate, scoliosis, and many other features is presented. The patient's skull was round with craniosynostosis of the coronal suture. The fingers were slender and long; the finger joints were contracted. Trismus was also present. Contracture of the temporomandibular joint was ...
Boyd T K - - 1995
To date, five sets of monozygotic twins concordant for neuroblastoma have appeared in the literature. Review of the clinical information available for these cases suggests that they represent congenital, versus acquired, diseases in both twins from each twin pair. The question arises, then, whether some or all sets of twins ...
Strohbehn K - - 1995
The morbidity and mortality of monoamniotic twins are high. Despite recent advances in imaging, the definitive diagnosis of monoamniotic twins remains elusive. When monoamniotic twins are suspected, the optimal antepartum management is uncertain. A false-positive diagnosis of monoamniotic twins by computed tomographic amniography was investigated. By a Medline search the ...
Maschka D A - - 1995
Congenital midline cervical cleft is a rare disorder with a wide range of presentations. To date, there have been fewer than 35 cases reported in the English-language literature. A rarer finding is the association of bronchogenic cysts or respiratory epithelium with the midline cleft. The clinical presentation of congenital midline ...
Rosenquist B E - - 1995
Forty-two cases of median lip fissures are reported. The majority of these had earlier been treated conservatively without healing. All cases were corrected by surgery, the first 10 by excision only, the remaining 32 by excision combined with Z-plasty. In the first group, one total and one partial relapse occurred; ...
al-Ismaily M - - 1995
Case reports are presented of two patients from Oman who developed myiasis in the palate. Both suffered from cerebral palsy and had incompetent lips, anterior open bite and very poor oral hygiene. Both patients had denuded areas of hard palate anteriorly. In both cases large numbers of maggots were found ...
White T G - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To present a case report of folie simultanée in monozygotic twins. The literature describing folie à deux in twins is also reviewed and the common clinical findings are presented. METHOD: Case presentation and review of the literature. RESULTS: Clinical observations of monozygotic twins with folie simultanée suggest that the ...
Thaller S R - - 1995
Clefting of the lip with or without an associated cleft palate may be present in varying degrees of severity. The so-called microform cleft lip or forme fruste has been characteristically described as having the appearance of a repaired cleft lip. The following case describes a patient with microform cleft lip ...
Blanco-Dávila F - - 1994
The plastic surgeon must frequently deal with the aesthetic repair of cleft earlobe deformities. Many techniques have been described, each claiming to achieve the best results. In this review of the literature, we discuss the various operations for the treatment of this condition. A classification of the traumatic earlobe clefts ...
Miyajima K - - 1994
A case of oblique facial cleft with supernumerary deciduous molars, probably caused by amniotic bands is reported. Besides facial cleft, and cleft palate and lip, there are sulci on the left side of the face and on the left posterior alveolar ridge. The sulci may be impressions of amniotic bands ...
Reiter D - - 1994
The torn earlobe is a common problem, yet no objective analysis of causation or management is found in the literature. We present a series of 68 patients with statistical data on earlobe characteristics and cleft-related historical factors. We describe three new methods of repair: two for full clefts and one ...
Smith B M - - 1994
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a rare anomaly consisting of a deficiency in the production of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase that leads to the overproduction of purine and the accumulation of uric acid. Major manifestations include mental retardation and self-destructive behavior resulting in self-mutilation through biting and scratching. Because no medical treatment exists to ...
van den Brand S F - - 1994
Four cases of conjoined twins are presented. On the basis of these cases and a review of the literature we present the ultrasonographic features to diagnose this rare condition prenatally in its various forms. Recommendations to avoid misdiagnosis are given. Consequences of this diagnosis and assessment of shared organs are ...
Sugama S - - 1994
Monozygous twinning has been associated with brain lesions such as holoprosencephaly, hydranencephaly, multicystic encephalomalacia, and porencephaly. Polymicrogyria is rare but has been reported in autopsied cases. We present a monozygotic twin with complicating twin-twin transfusion syndrome, the donor exhibiting normal psychomotor development and the recipient psychomotor delay associated with the ...
Lu H L - - 1994
If a female has sexual intercourse with two males at short intervals within the same ovulatory period, superfecundation may occur. This article reports two cases of paternity identification in twins. The results showed that each twin had come from a different father. Thus, great attention should be paid to such ...
Milan M - - 1994
Epidemiological and genetic variables for oral clefts were analysed for the years 1981-1989 in a case-control study of congenital malformations in the Emilia Romagna, Veneto, and Friuli regions, and in the Trento and Bolzano hospitals. Birth prevalence for all cases of cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL(P)) was ...
Siivonen L - - 1994
Sex steroid hormone receptors (SSHR) were determined in 14 cases of sinonasal papillomas, 17 cases of nasal polyps and in the normal nasal mucosa of 13 patients. The determination of SSHR was done by the dextran-coated charcoal assay from cytosol protein. All the cases of sinonasal papilloma were SSHR negative, ...
Chaloryoo S - - 1994
Laryngotracheosophageal (LTE) cleft is a rare congenital anomaly which results from failure of cephalad advancement of the tracheoesophageal septum and fusion of cricoid cartilage. Four cases of LTE cleft from Children's Hospital are reported. Most of them presented with aspiration after feedings that mimic T-E fistula. Three cases had other ...
Mee J F - - 1994
This case series describes the occurrence of omphalocele in 19 calves (8 aborted fetuses, 11 dead perinates) on 8 Irish dairy farms. Sixteen cases were recorded on 6 research farms monitored over a 9-yr period (1985 to 1993), representing 6.90, 1.45 and 0.10% of 116 aborted fetuses, 553 dead perinates ...
Singh A - - 1994
A case of Goldenhar's syndrome in a three months old male child with epibulbar dermoid (Fig. 1), accessory auricular appendages (Fig. 2), transverse facial cleft (Figs. 1 and 3), pedunculated mass on the left cheek (Figs. 2 and 3), asymmetry of skull (Fig. 4) and imperforate anus (already operated) is ...
Luzzatto C - - 1994
Fetus in fetu is a rare pathological condition, presenting as a congenital tumor. It consists of a malformed parasitic twin that is found within the body of its sibling. Less than 70 cases have been reported and in most of them a definite diagnosis was only made during surgery. We ...
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