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Vasudevan Pradeep C - - 2004
We report on a child with Fryns syndrome who showed a characteristic coarse hirsute facial appearance, bilateral cleft lip and palate, cardiac and renal anomalies, dilated bowel and distal limb abnormalities. However, diaphragmatic hernia, which is considered a cardinal feature in this condition, was absent in our patient. The parents ...
Wolfe S Anthony - - 2004
An approach to primary and secondary repair for the cleft lip nasal deformity is presented in a brief form. The approach borrows from a large number of sources, hence the use of the term "pastiche." The sources include Millard, McComb, Anderl, Mulliken, and Cutting; Gunther, Rohrich, and Tebbetts; and Burget ...
Barrand K R - - 2004
A case of monomelic forelimb ectrodactyly (lobster-claw deformity) in a West Highland white terrier is reported. Clinical and radiographic findings are described. The dog was treated with a soft tissue reconstruction of the cleft. It later developed a slight varus-type deformity at the carpus but remained sound with occasional bouts ...
Sigler Michael Orlin - - 2004
A unique case of a unilateral partial Tessier no. 7 cleft accompanied by no. 2 and 3 clefts along with a single median lip pit is presented. The history, genetics, epidemiology, classifications, embryology, pathogenesis, and correction techniques are briefly reviewed. After an extensive review of the literature, we conclude that ...
Abdul-Baqi Khader J - - 2004
Tinnitus produced by middle-ear myoclonus is a rare condition. In this article, a rare case of unilateral continuous high-frequency objective tinnitus caused by middle-ear myoclonus is described. This condition appears to be the second case reported in the literature. Otoscopic examination revealed visible rhythmic movements of the tympanic membrane. Weak ...
Tansel Türkan - - 2004
Conjoined twins occur in one 50-200,000 live births and approximately 75% of all cases are thoracopagus twins. Parapagus conjoined twins are rare and are not included in many review articles. The cardiovascular system of a male parapagus (dicephalus, tetrabrachius, dipus) conjoined twins was studied. Twin B had bilateral bilobed lungs ...
Unger Solvejg - - 2004
There are data regarding the possible influences of extended embryo culture to the blastocyst stage as well as zona pellucida manipulation on the incidence of monozygotic multiples. This is interesting, as one aim of extended culture with embryo selection is to minimize the multiple pregnancy rate. We report, to our ...
Bonafos G - - 2004
This retrospective study reports three cases associating choanal atresia (CA) and rare craniofacial clefts (RCFCs) described in Tessier's classification. Although still discussed, these two malformations could derive from the same embryopathogenic context, with an anomaly of migration of the neural crest cells as a common factor. In two of the ...
Forget-Dubois Nadine - - 2003
We compared the results of different methods for diagnosing zygosity in a sample of 237 same-sex pairs of twins assessed at 5 and 18 months of age. Despite the twins' very young age and early stage of development, physical similarity was concordant with genotyping in 91.9% of cases at 5 ...
Segal Nancy L - - 2003
Research on unusually long birth intervals between twin and triplet deliveries is reviewed. A recent multicentre study reported gestational and survival data for 35 multiple birth sets from 12 centers, and evaluated conservative treatment strategies for mothers delivering one twin fetus. Next, findings from three recent twin studies are reviewed: ...
Wallner Juliann S - - 2003
The typical presentation of porokeratosis of Mibelli is of a solitary plaque with a prominent raised border cleaved by a central furrow. The central portion of the plaque is usually slightly atrophic. The plaques vary in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters in diameter and tend to be ...
Puri Ratna Dua - - 2003
We report a boy who presented with mild facial dysmorphism, pectus excavatum, bilateral brachydactyly and ulnar deviation of both index fingers. Radiological examination of the hands showed abnormal proximal phalanges of the second digits. This case differs from the classical Catel-Manzke syndrome in having isolated hand malformations without any other ...
Wong Theodore G - - 2003
Craniopagus twinning is a rare form of the already uncommon entity of conjoint twins. With advances in medical technology and expertise, future attempts at surgical separation of these increasingly complex cases are likely to occur. Despite this, medical literature on the anesthetic management of these cases is sparse. The following ...
Sahajananda H - - 2003
Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) is a rare lethal autosomal recessive disorder manifested by characteristic central nervous system and eye malformations. We have not come across reports of general anaesthesia in a child with WWS in the English literature. We report a case of general anaesthesia in a 12-month-old male child with ...
Künzel W - - 2003
A total of 17 parameters (nine lengths, four heights, four widths) was used to characterize the shape of the skull in a sample of 69 pure bred cats. Results of the discriminant analysis confirmed three phenotypically different skull formations, i.e. the round-shaped, the triangular and the cuneiform. Further statistical analyses ...
Izadi Keyoumars - - 2003
An epignathus is an oropharyngeal teratoma composed of cells from ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal layers. Epignathi that arise from the palate or pharynx and protrude from the mouth result in life-threatening airway obstruction and usually cause asphyxiation shortly after birth. In our reported case, an antenatal ultrasound diagnosis allowed for ...
Hung Po-Cheng - - 2003
Monozygous twin births have been associated with brain lesions such as hydranencephaly, multicystic encephalomalacia, and porencephaly. Prenatal circulatory injury has been considered to be the cause. Polymicrogyria is rare but has been reported in autopsied cases. The sibship in this case report, comprising monozygotic male twins and their elder sister ...
Golz Avishay - - 2003
Myoclonus of the middle ear is a very rare condition. We present the case of a 20-year-old soldier who was exposed to intense artillery noise during a fierce battle and immediately afterward complained of an incapacitating tinnitus in both ears. Microscopic examination of the ears demonstrated rapid rhythmic movements of ...
Gathwala Geeta - - 2003
Antepartum death of a fetus in a multiple gestation can be associated with mortality or major morbidity in the survivor. This article reports a rare case of multicystic encephalomalacia that occurred in the survivor twin with antepartum death of its co-twin. Its pathology and pathogenesis are discussed with review of ...
Corona-Rivera J Román - - 2003
Occurrence of asymmetrical or parasitic conjoined twins (CT) is rare, and currently they are classified analogically to the common unions of symmetrical CT. The authors report on an infant with a parasitic third limb attached to the left lateral aspect of the autosite trunk, in whom male gonadal tissue was ...
Campbell Scott - - 2002
Siamese or conjoined twins have intrigued both the physician and layperson for centuries. The craniopagus type (joined at the head) is exceedingly rare, with an incidence of one in 2.5 million births. Most clinicians never see a case of craniopagus, and those who do rarely see more than one. The ...
De Ugarte Daniel A - - 2002
Conjoined twins occur in approximately one of every 50,000 to 200,000 births. Atypical or parasitic conjoined twins result from the embryonic death of one twin, which leaves behind body parts vascularized by the primary twin. Omphalopagus refers to conjoined twins joined at the level of the umbilicus. The authors report ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Sagittal synostosis has been found to occur in families at a low frequency. All previous reports of sagittal synostosis in twins have been of males. CASE REPORT: We now report a case of female twins concordant for sagittal synostosis. CONCLUSION: Our hopes are that this information will further our ...
Thauvin-Robinet Christel - - 2002
We report here the fourth case of hypomandibular faciocranial dysostosis (HFD). The diagnosis was made at birth on the association of severe retrognathia, microstomia, severe hypoglossia with glossoptosis, persistent buccopharyngeal membrane, median cleft palate, bifid uvula, down-slanting palpebral fissures, short nose with anteverted nares, laryngeal hypoplasia, and low-set ears. A ...
Kaveny M Cathleen - - 2002
eThis article draws upon the Roman Catholic distinction between "ordinary" and "extraordinary" means of medical treatment to analyze the case of "Jodie" and "Mary," the Maltese conjoined twins whose surgical separation was ordered by the English courts over the objection of their Roman Catholic parents and Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, the Roman ...
Qazi Abid Quddus - - 2002
Conjoined twinning is a rare occurrence, and ischiopagus variety is even more rare. So far, only 20 cases have been reported. The incidence is 1 in 500,000. Because of its rarity and variable anatomy, no definite line of treatment can be adapted. Time of operation and mode of treatment have ...
Bercovitch Fred B - - 2002
Rhesus macaque females regularly copulate with a number of partners, and produce a single offspring per reproductive cycle in over 99% of cases. We used genotyping of 10 STR markers to determine paternity in the Cayo Santiago population of rhesus macaques. About 1,500 monkeys have been analyzed to date, with ...
Dalal M - - 2002
Five cases of cleft palate with interalveolar synechiae have been previously reported. This is the first report of siblings with this condition, and suggests a genetic aetiology. These patients present with an inability to open the mouth adequately. Initial management is directed towards dividing the intraoral adhesions, which may cause ...
Motomura Naoyasu - - 2002
We report the identical monozygotic twin cases of agenesis of the corpus callosum that demonstrated schizophrenic disorder. Patients were 26-year-old twin brothers and both cases were diagnosed as having schizophrenia using DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria. On magnetic resonance imagings both cases demonstrated the total agenesis of the corpus callosum and the ...
Seyhan Tamer - - 2002
Median clefts of the lower lip and mandible are rare craniofacial clefts. Couronné in 1819 was the first to describe the condition. The midline cleft of the lower lip was classified by Tessier as a type 30 craniofacial cleft. Recently, the total number of the reported cases had increased to ...
Chia Stanley H - - 2002
Choanal atresia is postulated to be secondary to an abnormality of the rupture of the buccopharyngeal membrane during the embryological period. This condition usually occurs sporadically, but has been described in siblings and successive generations. The genetics remain unclear. We present monozygotic twins with identical findings of unilateral choanal atresia ...
Kyrmizakis Dionysios E - - 2002
Mucormycosis is caused by fungi of the order Mucorales and is one of the most rapidly fatal fungal infections known to man. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is the most common type and its extension to the orbit and brain is quite usual. Location of mucormycosis on the palate is a rare and ...
Barilan Y Michael - - 2002
This paper reexamines the recent case of the conjoined twins from Malta. Survival was said to be possible only through separation, which would actually leave only one twin alive. The parents refused to allow the killing of one to save the other, but the court ruled that this would amount ...
Karantanas Apostolos H - - 2002
A case of benign enlargement of peripheral subarachnoid spaces in twins is described. Computed tomography demonstrated identical findings, namely the enlargement of the sulci mainly in the frontal area bilaterally with slight dilatation of the ventricular system. Literature research did not reveal such a case in twins nor has any ...
Hiraumi Harukazu - - 2002
Hemangiopericytomas are uncommon neoplasms of vascular origin, and rarely arise in the pharynx. We report a case of a 78-year-old female with hemangiopericytoma in her soft palate exhibiting prominent radiosensitivity. Hemangiopericytomas are considered to be radioresistant and wide local excision is a treatment of choice, but their nature is widely ...
Bertholon Pierre - - 2002
We report on two patients with an objective tinnitus. In the first one, the objective tinnitus was unique as it was due to bilateral rhythmic contractions of the vocal cords. In the second, the objective tinnitus arose from Eustachian tube contractions and was associated with up and down movements of ...
Verma A - - 2001
One-year-old female presented with cleft of lower lip, mandible, fissured tongue, absent hyoid bone, cleft of manubrium sterni, later is detected clinically by suprasternal bulge at suprasternal region while crying. It is radiologically detected by wide apart medial end of clavicle. This is extremely rare anomaly known as Tassier Cleft ...
Cash C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound in the detection of facial clefts in a low-risk screening population and to report on the outcome of these pregnancies. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed antenatal ultrasound records from the obstetric ultrasound department, postnatal records from the regional craniofacial unit and autopsy reports ...
Al-Mazrou K A - - 2001
Pai syndrome is a rare congenital disorder first described in 1987. The main clinical features of the syndrome include median cleft of the upper lip, intra-cranial lipoma, and cutaneous polyps. Only four cases have been described previously. This is the fifth who is a twin of Arabian descent to be ...
Gatz M - - 2001
The association between dementia and education was studied in 143 twin pairs discordant for dementia, using a matched-pair design, and in 221 dementia cases and 442 unrelated controls from the same twin registry, using a case-control design. Low education was defined as 6 years or less of schooling. Case-control analyses ...
Omokhodion S I - - 2001
An omphalopagus set of female conjoined twins, undiagnosed prenatally, who presented as obstructed labour needing operative delivery is reported. Their anatomic characteristics and clinical features, including overwhelming sepsis in twin II which forced early separation, and those which led to their demise are described. Twelve other cases reported in Nigeria ...
Kara I G - - 2001
Oblique facial clefts are rare congenital deformities. They constitute 0.22% of all facial malformations. In this case report, an oblique facial cleft defined as Tessier number 5 is presented. The number 5 cleft of Tessier is one of the most rare congenital facial clefts; review of the literature revealed 20 ...
Sohan K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To determine (1) the antenatal detection rate for isolated cleft lip and/or cleft palate during the routine anomaly scan; (2) the correlation between prenatal diagnosis and postnatal findings, and (3) the association of apparently isolated cleft lip and/or cleft palate with other anomalies, in particular chromosomal abnormalities. METHOD: A ...
Gripp K W - - 2001
We report on maternal first cousins with bilateral microtia, micrognathia, cleft palate and hematologic findings of Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA). The similarity of findings shared between our cases and a female reported by Hasan and Inoue [1993] suggests that this is a distinctive syndrome, rather than a chance association. DBA is ...
Rogers J - - 2001
This article examines the reasons used by the Court of Appeal in Re A (Children) to authorise and justify an operation which would inevitably kill the weaker of a pair of conjoined twins in order to offer the stronger twin a good chance of a long and happy life. The ...
Gupta D K - - 2001
Asymmetrical conjoined twinning is an extremely rare congenital anomaly constituting only 1%-2% of all conjoined twins. In epigastric heteropagus twins (EHT), the dependent portion (parasite) is smaller than the host (autosite). The embryopathy is related to incomplete cleavage of the embryo at 2 weeks of gestation. However, some form of ...
Sturm P F - - 2001
STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVES: To report and discuss a case of thoracic hemivertebra in monozygotic twins. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The etiology of congenital scoliosis remains unclear. Both a genetic basis and environmental influences have been postulated. A few isolated reports of discordant spinal anomalies in twins exist. ...
Petit T - - 2001
Epigastric heteropagus is a rare type of conjoined twinning which results from an ischemic atrophy of one fetus at an early stage of gestation. We present what we believe to be the first case diagnosed antenatally at 22 weeks' gestation. The pelvis and lower limbs of the ischemic fetus (the ...
Guion-Almeida M L - - 2001
We report a Brazilian boy, born to normal and nonconsanguineous parents showing, among other signs, brachycephaly, a wide forehead, a widow's peak, hypertelorism, wide palpebral fissures with multiple eyelid colobomas, a broad nasal root, a long philtrum, macrostomia, prominent lips, a high arched palate, a midline alveolar cleft, a small ...
Yazici M - - 2001
Clinical and histopathological similarities and rare association of Blount's disease with various proximal femoral physeal affections (i.e. adolescent coxa vara and slipped capital femoral epiphysis) are well known. Association of tibia vara with another epiphyseal disease of the proximal femur has not been reported previously. In this paper, a monozygotic ...
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