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Kakade Adesh - - 2006
Nasally erupting tooth is a rare finding seen associated with cleft lip and alveolus. It may be diagnosed as a result of symptoms such as difficulty in breathing, pain on sneezing or blowing the nose or may remain asymptomatic. A case of a 4 year old male child operated for ...
Lewi Liesbeth - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to detect missed anastomoses on the chorionic surface as well as hidden connections in the depth of the cotyledons in placentas after laser coagulation for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) and to correlate these findings to clinical outcome. STUDY DESIGN: All cord vessels were injected with ...
Iida Akihiko - - 2006
To report a case of blepharo-cheilo-dontic (BCD) syndrome, to compare with the previous cases, and to discuss the possible treatment. The patient was a 14-day-old boy born uneventfully on August 7, 2002. His scalp hair was sparse and curly. A tumor on the top of his head, which was thought ...
Grimmer Hans - - 2006
Quartz aggregates that formed by coalescence of quartz crystals in the magma or in hydrothermal solution are considered. If the individuals have rhombohedral faces in contact, there will be two special cases: parallel intergrowths and intergrowths that agree in orientation and contact plane with Esterel twins grown from a twinned ...
Lewi Liesbeth - - 2006
The diagnosis, management, and outcome of six consecutive heterokaryotypic monochorionic twins were evaluated. All suspected cases, based on discordant ultrasound findings, underwent amniocentesis of both sacs. Two cases also had chorionic villous sampling (CVS). Dual amniocentesis was superior to CVS in diagnosing heterokaryotypic monochorionic twins. In four cases, the X-chromosome ...
Smith Vance L - - 2006
Previous case reports have suggested a strong concordance of intestinal malrotation among identical twins. This has led to the recommendation that the asymptomatic twin undergo screening when malrotation is discovered in the identical sibling. We present a case of monozygotic twins in which one twin presented with intestinal malrotation with ...
Ishii Keisuke - - 2006
Feto-fetal transfusion syndrome (FFTS) in monochorionic triplets is a rare clinical entity which may share the principal adverse perinatal outcomes of twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Recently, favorable prognoses regarding morbidity and mortality in twins after selective laser photocoagulation of placental communicating vessels (SLPCV) have been described. But descriptions of this procedure ...
Bodin F - - 2006
The incidence of the rare facial clefts is between 1.43 and 4.85 per 100.000 births. We report a case of right associated Tessier no. 3, 7 and 11 craniofacial clefts with cardiac malformation. The epidemiology, classification, embryology and pathogenesis of each craniofacial malformation are briefly reviewed. After an extensive review ...
Faghihi Gita - - 2006
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis. Skin abnormalities result from an inability to repair UV-damaged DNA. Clinically, XP presents with early onset cutaneous changes (severe photosensitivity, actinic keratoses, and telangiectasias) and an increase of developing cutaneous malignancies beginning in early childhood, but lentigo maligna and melanomas are ...
Hiroshi Furukawa - - 2006
Dermal thymus in bilateral sides of neck is very rare, probably unique anomaly of branchio-oculo-facial syndrome (BOF). We report a case of BOF with cleft lip and non-healing erosions on bilateral sides of neck. The thymus of neck in our case showed unusual clinical course that appeared at 1 year ...
Horiya Madoka - - 2005
The etiology of inflammatory bowel disease is multifactorial and appears to combine both genetic and environmental factors. We experienced here a rare occurrence of woman monozygotic twins with ulcerative colitis (UC). A 45-year-old woman (the elder monozygotic twin) was admitted to our hospital because of bloody diarrhea occurring over 10 ...
El-Hawrani Amged - - 2006
When the embryonic forebrain (the prosencephalon) fails to sufficiently divide into the two cerebral hemispheres, holoprosencephaly (HPE) results. This disorder can result in various skull and facial defects with brain abnormalities of varying severity. These brain defects ultimately dictate the prognosis. This varies from death in utero, to normal or ...
Bloom Adam H - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a case of childhood onset of pterygia in twins. METHODS: Twelve-year-old male twins had nasal lesions on the left eye of twin A and on the right eye of twin B. Both lesions were excised with superior conjunctival autograft. RESULTS: Histopathologic examination showed the lesions to be ...
Doruk Cenk - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to introduce an extraoral nasal molding appliance (ENMA) and treatment approach for presurgical nasoalveolar molding in newborns with unilateral cleft lip and palate. METHODS: A 15-day-old girl presented with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. A circumferential headband supported the actual nasoalveolar ...
Babcock Gwen D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cumulative sum (CUSUM) charts were originally developed for industrial quality control, but may be adapted for the surveillance of health outcome data, such as birth defects. The reported prevalence of birth defects can vary due to differences in case ascertainment, surveillance practices, or true changes in prevalence. We examined ...
Ozgur Figen - - 2005
Skin blistering and fragility are hallmarks of the rare hereditary disease called Epidermolysis Bullosa, affecting mainly the skin but also all mucocutaneous layers and sometimes the aerodigestive tract. Orofacial clefts are among the most common structural birth defects in humans, seen about 2 cases per 1000 births. This case report ...
Rajabian Mohammad Hossain - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P), is the most common congenital anomaly in the head and neck worldwide. We studied the prevalence of cleft lip (CL) and palate (CP) in Shiraz, which is located in southwestern Iran. METHODS: Data was collected from the teaching hospitals of the ...
Fujita Y - - 2005
We report two atypical cases of membranous aplasia cutis surrounded by a rim of hairs, one case associated with dense dermal melanocytosis and the other with naevus flammeus, with characteristic clinical features. A rim of hypertrichosis, 'hair collar' sign, is proposed to have a close association with neuroectodermal defects. A ...
Ross Shelly - - 2005
We describe a 16-year-old woman with an unusual clinical presentation of palatal myoclonus after a severe upper respiratory infection. Besides the postinfectious onset, this case is unique in that the rhythmical contractions of her oropharynx, larynx, and esophagus occur in couplets rather than single contractions of typical essential palatal myoclonus. ...
Lim K I - - 2005
Monoamniotic twin pregnancy discordant for anencephaly (MATDA) is a rare occurrence with only seven prior reported cases. Selective termination has been advocated in managing discordant monoamniotic twins. We report two cases managed expectantly with good outcomes and review other previously reported cases. The first case was a primigravid woman diagnosed ...
Velaoras K - - 2005
The aetiology of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) remains obscure. Cases in twins, usually monozygotic, have been sporadically reported as evidence for the genetic origin of the disease. We present a case of IHPS in a pair of dizygotic male twins together with a review of the literature, focusing on ...
Lüerssen K - - 2006
Osteopathia striata is a manifestation of several bone dysplasias. In association with cranial sclerosis, it represents a separate entity that is not limited to the bones, but may also affect other structures, leading to an abnormal face, cleft palate, deafness, heart defects and vertebral anomalies. Neurological findings range from normal ...
Bhansali Manish - - 2005
Conjoined twins are rare, heteropagus conjoined twins are rarer, and epigastric heteropagus conjoined twins are rarer still. It refers to unequal and asymmetrical twinning in which the dependant component (parasite) is smaller and attached to the epigastrium of the dominant component (autosite). We report 3 cases of epigastric heteropagus conjoined ...
Becker Julie - - 2005
Communicating bronchopulmonary foregut malformations (CBPFMs) are unusual congenital structures composed of a segment of lung tissue connected to the foregut. We present what we believe is the first reported case of identical twins concordant for CBPFM who are discordant for the VACTERL association. Their nonfunctional lung tissue was successfully removed ...
Castillo Constanza - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This case report describes the unusual appearance of simultaneous left, primary, spontaneous pneumothorax in identical twins in Temuco, Chile. CASE REPORT: Bullectomy and abrasive pleurodesis by video-assisted thoracoscopy was performed on one of the twins. The second twin was observed conservatively. Both were nonsmokers and had normal alfa 1 ...
Schnater J Marco - - 2005
Ileal atresia is considered to be an acquired anomaly. It is thought to be caused by a mesenteric vascular accident during fetal life which leads to necrosis of downstream tissues. We present a case in which ileal atresia occurred after intrauterine laser coagulation therapy for a twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. The ...
Rogers Gary F - - 2005
Twin studies have been widely used to investigate genetic versus environmental causality of malformations. While there are numerous reports of concordant sutural fusions in syndromic twins, there are few cases in siblings with nonsyndromic single suture synostosis. Lambdoidal synostosis has no clear genetic etiology. Discordant synostosis has been reported in ...
Erickson Robert P - - 2005
Two patients with bifurcation of one femur, ipsilateral absence of tibia and one partially formed tibia, or bilateral absent tibiae, club feet with normal or nearly normal digits, congenital heart disease and, in one case, tracheoesophageal fistula; in the second, cleft lip and cleft palate and enlarged head with increased ...
Kubiak Rainer - - 2005
The authors report a case of isolated imperforate anus with perineal fistula in monozygotic twins. Only 4 other well-documented cases of monozygotic twins concordant for isolated anorectal malformation have been reported in the literature. In all these cases the defect occurred below the levator ani muscle. This case confirms previous ...
Laroche Carine - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome suffer numerous anomalies, which vary somewhat from case to case. Cleft palate in combination with this syndrome has rarely been reported in the literature. Through two cases, this report examines the staging of the surgical repairs and the role of macroglossia in cleft palate and ...
Zarandy Masoud Motasaddi - - 2005
Lip pits are among the rarest congenital deformities recorded. Initially reported in 1845, its familial occurrence has been reported just once. These developmental anomalies occur either as an isolated defect or in association with other developmental deformities, including cleft lip, cleft palate, or both. They may be located at the ...
Corbera J A - - 2005
A case of congenital duplication (monocephalus dipygus) in a goat is described. Two pelvis and four pelvic limbs were observed in the kid. Conjoined or fused symmetric twins were diagnosed. Associated abnormalities were cleft palate and anal atresia. Most of the classically recognized teratogens were ruled out by history and ...
Blackham Ruth - - 2005
Branchial cleft sinuses are one of the more common congenital defects arising in the head and neck region. Second branchial cleft anomalies are the commonest of the true branchial cleft defects and the diagnosis is usually straightforward. We report the case of an atypical presentation of branchial cleft sinus that ...
Buldini Barbara - - 2005
We report the occurrence of symmetrical thalamic calcifications (STC) in one of a pair of monozygotic twins born at term without evidence of pre- or peri-natal asphyxia. STC is known to be an extremely rare condition in infants. Judging from the few cases reported in the literature, the clinical presentation ...
Adejuyigbe O - - 2005
Conjoined twins are rare phenomena occurring in one in 1 in 50,000 live births. Successful surgical separation of conjoined twins is a major undertaking requiring careful planning by a multidisciplinary team. Reports of seperation of joined twins in developing countries like Nigeria are rare. Ten cases of conjoined twins were ...
Strømme Petter - - 2005
We describe a 16(1/2) -year-old girl with multiple anomalies including cleft lip and palate and a normal karyotype in blood lymphocytes. Because of hyperpigmention along the lines of Blaschko, her karyotype in skin fibroblasts was examined, which showed mosaicism for trisomy 20. This is the first report to our knowledge ...
Staffenberg David A - - 2005
Advances in medicine have enabled more craniopagus twins to survive separation, but the ultimate goal, to have both twins emerge from their separation with full neurologic function and a chance at leading independent and productive lives, remains elusive. The authors were contacted to evaluate craniopagus conjoined male infant twins for ...
Saxena Anita - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Several reports in the past have described the natural history of atrial septal defects, most dealing with a decrease in size or spontaneous closure of the defect. Some recent articles have also described an increase in size of the defect in a sizable number of cases which may be ...
Iino Mitsuyoshi - - 2005
For one year we studied postoperative computed tomograms (CT) and intraoral radiographs for 29 patients with unilateral alveolar clefts. Interdental bone height and the bony boundary on the nasal side were assessed on intraoral films and compared with the evaluation by CT. Twenty-four cases had adequate interdental bone height as ...
Park H D - - 2004
The patterns of the feeding vessels to each muscle determine the extent of their safe transposition and the muscle's value as a pedicled flap in reconstructive surgery. This study aimed to demonstrate the point of origin and the intra- and submuscular course of the pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial trunk ...
Langberg Blaine J - - 2004
This report describes the treatment of a 20-year-old woman from Nigeria who had severe bimaxillary dentolveolar protrusion. The main issue in determining the appropriate treatment plan was the severity of the dentoalveolar protrusion. Four first premolars were extracted to reduce lip procumbancy. The change in the patient's facial esthetics was ...
Bhardwaj Ratan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To report an unusual case of large synchronous lumbar disc herniation in adult twins. METHODS: Case report and relevant literature review. RESULTS: The authors report a case of adult female monozygotic twins who synchronously presented with huge lumbar disc herniation. Rather than being a curious coincidence, this case highlights ...
Kim Seok-Kwun - - 2004
Previously it was thought that primary correction of nasal deformity in cleft lip patients would cause developmental impairment of the nose. It is now widely accepted that simultaneous correction of the cleft lip nasal deformity has no adverse effect on nasal growth. Thus, the authors tried to evaluate the results ...
McGlinch Brian P - - 2004
We report a case of massive tongue engorgement associated with placement of an esophageal-tracheal twin-lumen airway device (Combitube) in a morbidly obese patient. Approximately 4 hours after atraumatic placement of the Combitube, tongue swelling occurred. An emergency tracheostomy was needed for airway management before removal of the Combitube. Ischemia-reperfusion injury ...
Rajesh B - - 2004
Acephalus Acardia is an uncommon congenital malformation due to twin reverse arterial perfusion syndrome. In this condition the donor twin provides circulation for itself and the recipient acardiac twin. The acardiac twin is grossly abnormal with severe reduction anomalies of the upper part of the body. We report a case ...
Malhotra Neena - - 2004
Twin reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP sequence), or acardiaus, is a rare and serious complication of monozygotic multiple gestation. The acardiac fetus suffers from lethal anomalies. The normal co-twin also runs a high risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality due to heart failure and prematurity. Four cases of acardius are presented. ...
Pellecchia Roberto - - 2004
This clinical report describes the prosthodontic treatment of a partially edentulous patient who had a surgical closure of bilateral cleft of the lips, alveolar processes, and palate. The prosthodontic treatment included the fabrication of a "telescopic" fixed partial denture supported by reinforced all-ceramic primary copings. The use of all-ceramic primary ...
Ahluwalia S - - 2004
The authors report a novel treatment of a case of type I laryngeal cleft diagnosed in an adult. They describe a technique of endoscopic obliteration of the posterior commissure defect. Initially, a test implant of starch and adrenaline was used, followed by permanent staged injections of Bioplastique to the posterior ...
Radi Zaher A - - 2004
An outbreak of combined Sarcoptes and Malassezia spp. infection was diagnosed in a rabbitry. About 20 (4%) of 500 rabbits were affected. Two 6- to 8-month-old female Holland Lops rabbits were submitted to the Tifton Diagnostic & Investigational Laboratory at The University of Georgia for complete necropsy. Gross lesions consisted ...
Jain Mahim - - 2004
We present here a patient with exstrophy of the cloaca associated with severe lower limb defects. The limb malformations include, on the right, a split foot with distal separation of the tibia and fibula, and on the left, attachment of the lower half of the left leg with a two-toed ...
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