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Abad Cipriano C Departments of Cardiovascular Surgery (Dr. Abad), Cardiology (Drs. Delgado and Novoa), and Pathology (Dr. Alonso), Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr. Negrin, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 35010, - - 2014
This report concerns a 69-year-old woman who presented with an asymptomatic myxoma in the left ventricle. The tumor was successfully excised. We provide a very brief review of 72 other published cases of surgically treated left ventricular myxoma.
Ortiz Daniel D Aurora Cardiovascular Services, Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke's Medical Centers, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Milwaukee, Wisconsin - - 2014
Nontyphoidal Salmonella, especially Salmonella enterica, is a rare cause of endocarditis and pericarditis that carries a high mortality rate. Proposed predisposing conditions include immunodeficiency states, congenital heart defects, and cardiac valve diseases. We present 2 cases of cardiovascular salmonellosis. The first case is that of a 73-year-old woman with mechanical ...
Yano Toshiyuki T Department of Cardiovascular, Renal and Metabolic Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South-1, West-16, Chuo-ku, Sapporo, 060-8543, Japan, - - 2014
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), which was previously called Churg-Strauss syndrome, is a necrotizing systemic vasculitis of unknown cause accompanied by prominent eosinophilia. Cardiovascular complications, including eosinophilic myocarditis, are a major cause of mortality in this disorder. Acute pericarditis with slight pericardial effusion is a typical manifestation in EGPA, though ...
Yousef Raid R Department of Trauma Surgery, Hurley Medical and Level 1 Trauma Center, Flint, - - 2014
Blunt cardiac injuries are highly lethal. A review of the world's English literature on the topic reveals a lack of Level 1 Evidence and few cohesive guidelines for the management of these patients. An online database query was performed using the PubMed medical database. All relevant articles from the past 20 ...
Petroianu Georg A GA a Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine , Florida International University , Miami , - - 2014
A multitude of nonpharmacological interventions to terminate hiccup belong to the public-domain hiccup "mythology" or have been described in the medical literature as case reports. While usually effective in terminating bouts of acute hiccup, they are mostly ineffective in cases of hiccupping that have been present for an extended period. ...
Baird Andrew A Department of Medical Imaging, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
A 75-year-old man presented with a spontaneous right pneumothorax and pneumopericardium following right atrial pacemaker lead perforation, which is a rare complication, with only two case reports being documented in the literature to the authors' knowledge. It is important that radiologists be aware of cardiac lead perforations, as they may ...
Al-Mousily Faris F 1Department of Cardiovascular Diseases,King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center Gen. Org. Jeddah,Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Introduction: The term cor triatriatum is used to describe a fibromuscular partition that divides an atrium into two compartments. It was first used by Borst in 1905, although the lesion had been described before by Church in 1868. Both described divided left atrial chamber (also referred to as cor triatriatum ...
Nash Gary G Gary Nash, John Mark Williams, Rajasekhar Nekkanti, Assad Movahed, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, East Carolina University, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina Heart Institute, Greenville, NC 27858, United - - 2014
We report a case of a 77-year-old patient with complete atrioventricular block. She underwent permanent pacemaker implantation complicated by right ventricular lead perforation. This was suspected on transthoracic echocardiogram and confirmed by chest computed tomography. The lead was repositioned in the cardiac electrophysiology lab followed by an uneventful course thereafter.
Hu HeSheng - - 2014
Radiofrequency (RF) ablation is a widely accepted and ideal therapeutic tool to cure some tachycardias. The occurrence of complications varies depending on the procedure being performed. Sudden unexpected prolonged asystole is rare for most ablation procedures and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. A case of sudden prolonged asystole induced by ...
Howland Robert H - - 2014
A potential adverse effect of many non-cardiac drugs, including certain psychotropic medications, is an abnormally prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval and an increased risk of developing torsade de pointes, a type of tachyarrhythmia associated with sudden death. A relatively recent literature review suggested that haloperidol (Haldol(®)) is more likely to ...
Alp Hayrullah H Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey. - - 2014
Blunt chest trauma and its associated complications represent a rare cause of cardiac arrest in a healthy child, although an increasing number of these events have been reported. Victims are most often diagnosed in ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia. However, cardiac conduction abnormalities are also reported. In this report, a healthy ...
Awasthy Neeraj N Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, - - 2014
We present three unusual cases of total anomalous systemic venous drainage (TASVD) where all the systemic veins were abnormally connected to the atrium that drained into the left ventricle (LV). All three patients had features consistent with left atrial isomerism. Based on the available evidence and review of literature we ...
Sha Dujuan - - 2014
Left atrial myxoma is a rare cause of cardioembolic stroke in adults and when stroke occurs, it is mainly due to arterial embolism in cerebral vessels. Cerebral infarction is the first clinical manifestation in one-third of cases. We report a 24-year-old female patient with left atrial myxoma, and no other ...
Xu Bin B a McGill University Health Centre, Department of - - 2014
Abstract Cardiac inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare entity affecting predominantly infants, children, and young adults. Although most tumors have a benign clinical course after complete surgical resection, some have significant clinical effects. We report the case of a 9-year-old girl who had sudden cardiac death as a result ...
Choi Eun-Kyung EK Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
We experienced conversion of supraventricular arrhythmia to normal sinus rhythm in three patients during general anesthesia using propofol and remifentanil. This may be related to direct inhibition of the cardiac conduction system or activation of the parasympathetic system. The literature review suggests that propofol and remifentanil have antiarrhythmic potential, reverting ...
Aryal Madan Raj MR Department of Internal Medicine, Reading Health System, West Reading, - - 2014
Right atrial appendage aneurysm (RAAA) is rare with fewer than 20 cases reported in the literature. We sought to systematically review the published cases of RAAA in terms of demographics, clinical characteristics, treatment, complications, and outcome. Electronic search for case reports, case series, and related articles published until July 2013 ...
Kaczmarek Krzysztof K Department of Electrocardiology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
Dual atrioventricular nodal nonreentrant tachycardia (DAVNNT) is very rarely observed clinically. The first review of this arrhythmia was published in 2011 by Wang, where four types of DAVNNT were described. Our case report presents a phenomenon that has never been published before. We revealed a very specific sequence of double ...
Choi Eunice K EK Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, - - 2014
Calcified amorphous tumor of the heart (cardiac CAT) is a rare non-neoplastic cardiac mass that mimics malignancy on imaging and can cause symptoms due to flow obstruction or embolization of calcific fragments. We report a 57-year-old female with multiple medical problems affected by cardiac CAT. The echocardiogram showed a 2 ...
Moschos Marilita M MM Laboratory of Electrophysiology, First Department of Ophthalmology, University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
Uveitis is the inflammation of the uveal tract, which usually also affects the retina and vitreous humor. The electrophysiological examination is an objective ocular examination that includes the electroretinogram, visual evoked potentials, the electrooculogram, the multifocal electroretinogram, and multifocal visual evoked potentials. Our aim is to review the literature of ...
Marinakis Sotirios - - 2013
A 78-year-old caucasian patient with compromised cardiac function presenting recurrent episodes of pulmonary embolism was referred to our center for resection of a voluminous right atrial myxoma arising from the Koch's triangle. To preserve the conduction system, we performed an excision of the myxoma associated with cryoablation of its stalk. ...
Rizkallah Jacques - - 2013
Idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT) is usually a benign arrhythmia with good prognosis that can be managed with antiarrhythmic agents and is often cured using ablation. There is, however, a malignant potential in a subset of patients with idiopathic VT as was the case for our patient whom we discuss in ...
Piper Steven S Faculty - Undergraduate Education, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, 6100 Leslie St, Toronto, ON M2H - - 2013
Mandatory prescreening for the identification of risk factors and prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a widely debated topic within academic literature. In addition, the effective emergency management of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) has reported lower survival outcomes (9% with bystander CPR, 24% with AED application) although improvements, such ...
Newman Johanna J Department of Nurse Anesthetist Practice, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA. - - 2013
Pulseless electrical activity, an arrhythmia that leads to cardiac arrest, is defined as the presence of organized electrical activity without a palpable pulse or arterial blood pressure. When this arrhythmia presents during anesthesia, it has become routine practice to initiate advanced cardiac life support according to the American Heart Association ...
Hamidian Jahromi Alireza A Department of Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, Louisiana, - - 2013
The decision to stop or continue resuscitation in a patient with blunt trauma and cardiac arrest arriving pulseless to the hospital has always been controversial. While many authors still believe that it is a futile effort, with no chance of success for complete neurological recovery, some recent reports have challenged ...
Elhussein Tarek Ali - - 2013
Impella LP 5.0 (Abiomed) is a relatively new technology that has been used over the last few years as a ventricular assist device to provide full circulatory support for patients presenting with cardiogenic shock. There is limited evidence available in literature with regard to insertion approaches, safety, complications and long-term ...
Gioia Giuseppe - - 2013
We report a case of a Perforated Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm (PSOV) closure using an Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect occluder (mVSD) device and describe a novel and potentially safer way for defect sizing. A literature review of the endovascular treatment of this disease is presented.
Al-Najar Mahasen M Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Jordan Hospital, Amman, - - 2013
Intraventricular hemangioblastoma (HB) is very rare; few cases of intraventricular HB have been reported in the literature, either sporadically or in association with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Furthermore, the incidence of ventricular haemorrhage from HB seems to be uncommon. We report a unique case of sporadic HB of the right lateral ...
Lim Hae W - - 2013
AE Fistula during Cryoballoon Ablation for AF. To date, there is one case report publication of AE fistula during the employment of the first-generation cryoballoon (Gen-1). Recently the Arctic Front Advance system (second-generation cryoballoon) was introduced into the US and EU market. For the purpose of peer education, we report ...
Funk Kylee A - - 2013
To report QT prolongation potential in selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in order to advise clinicians on safe use of SSRIs other than citalopram in light of citalopram warnings. Primary literature and case reports were identified through a systematic search. Data from drug manufacturers, package inserts, and the ArizonaCERT database ...
Goyal Manju - - 2013
Electrical alternans is an electrocardiographic phenomenon defined as an alternating amplitude or axis of the QRS complexes in any or all leads. It is most commonly associated with a large pericardial effusion and impending threat of cardiac tamponade; however, a literature review showed that this electrocardiographic finding can be seen ...
Abarca Eduardo - - 2013
ECG findings suggestive of right ventricular (RV) hemodynamic derangement, in the appropriate clinical setting, can lead to further diagnostic consideration and earlier institution of treatment, aiming to decrease the high morbidity and mortality associated with submassive and massive pulmonary embolism (PE). In this paper, we review 4 cases with chest ...
Garvin Sean S Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021 USA ; Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10065 - - 2013
Cardiac arrest situations represent an enormous clinical challenge to the physicians involved. Research suggests that the utilization on transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) may provide important diagnostic information and allows for institution of more specific treatment, while not hampering resuscitation efforts. In this review, we highlight the usefulness of TEE in cardiac ...
Frei Lonnie W - - 2013
The University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) has become a center for ECMO (Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation), providing this service to patients requiring this life-saving modality. UMMC is the only ECMO center in the state. Prior to the cases presented, ECMO use at UMMC has been limited to neonates and the ...
Borgohain Shyamadeep S Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research and Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2013
Single diverticulum of the right atrium is an exceedingly rare congenital malformation. We describe successful surgical resection in a 22-year-old asymptomatic woman with single right atrial diverticulum. An attempt is also made to throw light on the etiology and management of this disease entity.
Johnston Joshua J Division of Clinical and Translational Research, Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid Ave., Box 8054, St. Louis, MO 63110. - - 2013
Torsade de pointes is a rare but potentially fatal arrhythmia. More than 40 cases of perioperative torsade de pointes have been reported in the literature; however, the current evidence regarding this complication is very limited. To improve our understanding, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of all published case ...
Scott Ted E - - 2013
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to demonstrate an increase in the detection rate of fetal cardiac defects using 2 cine loop sweeps. Methods- Image reviewers examined a series of 93 cases randomly sorted, including 79 studies with normal findings and 14 studies with abnormal findings. All of the ...
Gowani Saqib Ali - - 2013
Legionella infection most commonly manifests as pneumonia. Extrapulmonarylegionellosis is rare, but the clinical manifestations are often dramatic. Myocardialinvolvementis the most common extrapulmonary manifestation of legionellosis and can result in left ventricular dysfunction. We report a case of Legionellapneumopbila-induced myocarditis and acute left ventricular dysfunction with subsequent development of torsades de ...
Rodríguez-Mañero Moisés - - 2013
We present the case of a 50-year-old patient with several episodes of syncope and documented simultaneous wide and narrow QRS complex tachycardia. We then review this tacharrhythmia, focusing on electrophysiological findings and pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment.
Harder Erika E - - 2013
Giant right atrial aneurysm is a rare form of congenital heart disease with a wide spectrum of clinical presentation varying from asymptomatic patients to those with refractory atrial arrhythmias or severe airway obstruction. Diagnosis is often confused with other causes of right atrial dilation such as Ebstein disease. Because of ...
Menoch Margaret - - 2013
Any injured patient who is cool and tachycardic is considered to be in shock until proven otherwise.(1) We describe the diagnostic challenge when evaluating persistent tachycardia in the setting of multiple system trauma with hemorrhagic shock. This is a unique case of a 17-year-old patient with the secondary condition of ...
Papavdi Asteria - - 2013
Well-differentiated liposarcomas are locally aggressive malignant mesenchymal neoplasms, which rarely metastasize to the heart and pericardium. Primary cardiac liposarcomas are extremely rare as well, and in both instances, symptoms are difficult to recognize. Therefore, accurate antemortem diagnosis seldom happens. A rare case of an undiagnosed, primary, well-differentiated cardiac liposarcoma is ...
Lee Angela C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemic cardiac arrest is a potential complication of massive transfusion in children. Our objective was to identify risk factors and potential preventive measures by reviewing the literature on transfusion-associated hyperkalemic cardiac arrest (TAHCA) in the pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Literature searches were performed in MEDLINE and the ...
López-Candales Angel - - 2013
A case of a 70-year-old female with a history of hypertension, atrial fibrillation, pacer implantation for symptomatic bradycardia, and a prior cerebrovascular accident, and had developed persistent methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia is reported here. As part of her evaluation, a transesophageal echocardiogram was performed, and even though no vegetations were ...
Bowers Mark - - 2013
We report a case of concealed extrasystoles recorded from a pacing lead. The concealed extrasystoles were observed with right ventricular pacing, biventricular unipolar, and biventricular bipolar pacing. The simultaneous surface EKG did not show manifest ventricular extrasystoles with the concealed intracardiac potentials. This case highlights a cause of oversensing that ...
Young F - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Complementary medicines are commonly used by many patients. Caesium, a complementary therapy said to be of benefit for cancer treatment, has been associated with cardiac arrhythmias in the literature. We report a case of caesium-induced torsades de pointes and provide an evidence review. CASE SUMMARY: ...
Cozijnsen M A - - 2013
We report a case of a 39-year-old female with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) and a giant appendiform aneurysm of the membranous septum, illustrated by echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. From the literature a short review of the prevalence of spontaneous closure of VSDs together with the possible complications of ...
Rawan Abu Omar - - 2013
Bacterial meningitis is an uncommon life threatening disease with serious complications, including neurological disabilities such as hearing loss, visual impairment, seizures, and learning disabilities. The heart, kidneys, and adrenal glands might also be involved, particularly when the causative organism is Neisseria meningitidis. Cardiac arrhythmias have been rarely described. We report ...
Almendral Jesús - - 2013
This paper is the second part of a review of the phenomena of resetting and entrainment of reentrant arrhythmias. It describes the practical and clinical uses of resetting and entrainment, including the results of a variety of studies for these purposes. Given the amount of information generated, it is out ...
Barake Walid - - 2013
This report details the case of 17 year old identical twins who both presented with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). Electrophysiological studies revealed atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) in both twins. Successful but technically challenging slow pathway ablation was performed in both twins. This is the first reported case of confirmed ...
Salahuddin Farah F - - 2013
Apical ballooning syndrome (ABS), also known as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, was first reported by Dote and colleagues in Japanese literature in 1991 in a review of five cases. Case series have highlighted the association of severe psychological stressors as the major precipitating factors of this syndrome. Status Epilepticus and Sub-Arachnoid hemorrhage ...
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