Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 712
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Chen X S - - 2001
Along with the nationwide economic reform initiated in the early 1980s and the rapid decrease of leprosy endemic after the implementation of multi-drug therapy (MDT), the leprosy programme changed from 'vertical' to 'horizontal'. An evolution in the mode of detection of leprosy cases has consequently taken place. Based on the ...
Alkhuja S - - 2001
Although deaths from tuberculosis (TB) are increasing, TB-related sudden death (TBRSD) is rarely reported in the literature. We present a case report of fatal pulmonary TB with extrapulmonary extension in a patient infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and a review of published reports of TBRSD in MEDLINE (1966 ...
Sheu S J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical and histopathologic findings in five cases of tuberculosis (TB) with various ocular manifestations. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical findings, course, and treatment of five patients. Diagnostic techniques, including biomicroscopic, histopathologic, and molecular biologic test results, are presented. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual ...
Solsona J - - 2001
SETTING: Molecular epidemiology has underlined the importance of recent tuberculosis (TB) transmission and has uncovered notable discrepancies compared with conventional epidemiology. OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine, by RFLP analysis, the percentage of clustered cases in an inner city district with a high incidence of TB (163/100,000) and the groups at risk ...
Blum P G - - 2001
Despite chemoprophylaxis, malaria remains a serious threat for large numbers of non-immune soldiers deployed in endemic areas. Five adult cases of severe falciparum malaria are reported. Three cases were complicated by multiorgan failure and one of these patients died from cerebral malaria. These cases serve to highlight issues, in an ...
Pandhi D - - 2001
Cutaneous tuberculosis is not an uncommon entity but it often remains undiagnosed and is inappropriately treated due to its varied presentation. We present a 42-year-old male with lupus vulgaris in the perianal area, who was treated as lichen simplex chronicus with steroids for two years. With four drug antitubercular treatment, ...
Chemtob D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Sensing an inadequacy of tuberculosis control due to an influx of TB associated with immigration, we analyzed TB treatment outcome in Israel by population groups. OBJECTIVES: To provide an epidemiological basis necessary for any new national TB control policy, and to bring it to the attention of the medical ...
Mungai M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmitted malaria is uncommon in the United States. After the report of three cases of complicated Plasmodium falciparum infection acquired by transfusion, we reviewed all cases of transfusion-transmitted malaria reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) from 1963 through 1999. METHODS: Information on the patients was ...
Ebenso B E - - 2001
A Leprosy Elimination Campaign (LEC) was implemented in 37 districts of Sokoto and Zamfara states, Nigeria from 13 August to 30 November 1998. The campaign utilized intensive community mobilization and training of local health personnel to detect hidden leprosy cases. During 8 weeks of case finding, 160,127 persons were screened; ...
Ghobrial M W - - 2001
We report the case of a 49 year-old male who presented with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)-induced epistaxis and generalized purpura. During the same hospitalization the patient was also found to have clinical, microbiological, histological, and roentgenographic evidence of disseminated mycobacterial tuberculosis (TB). The hematological and infectious abnormalities, which did not respond ...
Saunders D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Despite recent success in tuberculosis (TB) control efforts in the United States, marked declines in TB case rates have not been observed in foreign-born populations. Because foreign-born populations are becoming more important for targeted national TB control efforts, the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) reviewed inmate medical data to ...
Bheerappa N - - 2001
The authors report two cases of isolated splenic tuberculosis treated since 1989 in Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences. One case presented as pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) and another with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Both were found to have splenic tuberculosis after splenectomy. Pre operative diagnosis could not be made ...
Søborg C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trends in conventional and molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in Greenland over an 8-year period. DESIGN: A nation-wide, retrospective, population-based study of all cases of TB reported to the National Health Division of Greenland from 1 January 1990 to 31 December 1997. An analysis of microbiology ...
Curtis A B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) control activities are contingent on the timely identification and reporting of cases to public health authorities to ensure complete assessment and appropriate treatment of contacts and identification of secondary cases. We report the results of a multistate evaluation of completeness and timeliness of reporting of TB cases ...
Lauzardo M - - 2001
Several studies have shown that funeral directors have an increased risk of tuberculosis (TB). Although there is indirect evidence of transmission of TB from cadavers to mortuary workers, there is only one recently documented case in the literature. We report here another case of occupationally acquired TB in a funeral ...
Solomon A - - 2001
Indolent nodular pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in workers exposed to silica dust may go undetected clinically and radiographically, especially in the absence of identification of tubercle bacilli in sputum. Illustrative cases demonstrating the radiographic manifestations of coexistent pulmonary silicosis and the indolent form of nodular TB are presented. Alterations in the ...
Shoda M - - 2001
Plasmodium falciparum malaria is the most dangerous infection for seafarers in West Africa. In December 1998, five cases of this infection occurred among Japanese seafarers in West Africa, two of them died, one on board ship, and another died five days after the admission to the hospital in Reunion island, ...
Talbot E A - - 2000
CONTEXT: Immigration is a major force sustaining the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States. OBJECTIVE: To describe trends and characteristics of foreign-born persons with TB and the implications for TB program planning and policy development. DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS: Descriptive analysis of US TB surveillance data from case ...
Souza C S - - 2000
We report four cases of necrotizing reactions of the Lucio's phenomenon type, an entity rarely observed in Brazil despite the high prevalence of leprosy. Clinical, histopathological and therapeutic aspects are described and compared to those reported in the literature for cases classified as diffuse, non-nodular lepromatous leprosy with Lucio's phenomenon.
Treeprasertsuk S - - 2000
We reported two cases of complicated falciparum malaria who had poor response to artesunate with delayed parasite clearance times. They were splenectomized patients who were treated with high doses of artemisinin derivatives. Our cases showed the importance of the spleen in the clearance of malaria parasites and had different clinical ...
Hong Y P - - 2000
SETTING: A study of chronic excretors of tubercle bacilli (chronic cases) based on the nationwide random sample surveys of tuberculosis prevalence conducted in Korea from 1975 through 1995. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the temporal trend of the prevalence of chronic cases, and to match these with treatment outcomes and drug resistance ...
Lim L C - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Erythema induratum remains one of the rarely encountered tuberculid although tuberculosis is known to be endemic in the developing countries. We report a case of erythema induratum recently encountered in our centre. CLINICAL FEATURE: Clinically, erythema induratum typically manifests as ulcerative and indurated lesions on the lower limbs, especially ...
Kalla G - - 2000
This is a hospital-based study of 25 biopsy-proven cases of histoid leprosy in the arid, northwest Rajasthan region of India. Over an 11-year span, a total of 893 new cases of leprosy were diagnosed at our institution. These 25 histoid cases thus make up 2.8% of our new patients. Various ...
Jelinek T - - 2000
Thirteen cases of falciparum malaria acquired by Europeans in the Dominican Republic occurred from June 1999 to February 2000. The cases were identified by the European Network on Imported Infectious Disease Surveillance (TropNetEurop).
Centis R - - 2000
In Italy no national data on tuberculosis (TB) treatment results were available. In 1995 the AIPO (Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists) TB Study Group, in collaboration with the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (technical branch of the Ministry of Health), started a prospective monitoring activity based on World Health Organization (WHO) ...
Diffey B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the socioeconomic and nutritional status of cured leprosy patients with residual deformity, and their household members, was lower than that of cured leprosy patients without deformity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: One hundred and fifty-five index cases with deformity, 100 without deformity. Also 616 household members comprising ...
Kimerling M E - - 2000
Childhood tuberculosis (TB) cases indicate recent community transmission and thus reflect the effectiveness of TB control efforts, particularly the contact investigation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate all preventable childhood TB cases and implications in the context of TB morbidity trends. DESIGN: Statewide morbidity trends are presented from 1983 to 1997. Since 1992, ...
Yencha M W - - 2000
Since the introduction of antituberculous medications, the incidence of laryngeal tuberculosis (TB) has decreased and remains stable. However, with the incidence of TB increasing, mainly caused by the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic, the incidence of laryngeal involvement may be on the rise. The main presenting symptom of laryngeal TB is ...
Vanderwal T - - 2000
In the Limbé River valley of northern Haiti a retrospective study at the Bon Samaritain Hospital (BSH) determined the total number of cases and the cyclical nature of malaria from 1975 through 1997, examined the relationship between rainfall and malaria from 1975 through 1985, and compared the incidence of malaria ...
Al-Jahdali H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review all cases of miliary tuberculosis (MT) over a period of 7 years in a Saudi Arabian population, to determine the clinical and laboratory characteristics and diagnostic methods, and to compare our data with others reported in the literature. DESIGN: A retrospective case review. RESULTS: Of 780 cases ...
Chung H S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We previously classified forms of endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) into seven subtypes by bronchoscopic finding: actively caseating, edematous-hyperemic, fibrostenotic, tumorous, granular, ulcerative, and nonspecific bronchitic. Study objective: To evaluate the value of this classification in predicting the therapeutic outcome of EBTB. DESIGN: A prospective study with serial bronchoscopy performed from ...
Mínguez P - - 2000
This case report deals with a rare association: tuberculosis and cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The patient was a 36-year-old man with no significant past medical problems. He presented with a palpable purpura on both legs, low-grade fever, cough and expectoration, progressive dyspnea due to a massive left pleural effusion and a ...
Matsumoto H - - 2000
Hemoptysis in patients with tuberculosis is usually associated with smear-positive and cavitary lung disease. The present case describes a patient suffering from recurrent hemoptysis associated with tuberculosis who had smear-negative and non-cavitary lung disease, and who was subsequently diagnosed as having mild hemophilia A. Although mild hemophilia A sometimes escapes ...
Cherifi S S Department of Internal Medicine, Brugmann University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, - - 2000
We report a case of multidrug-resistant spinal tuberculosis complicated by epiduritis and paraspinal abscess in a 68-year-old black woman. Multidrug-resistant tuberculous spondylitis is still rare in Belgium. Two others cases were reported from 1992 to 1997. The optimal therapy is not standardized and the mandatory duration of treatment is not ...
Dawson D - - 1999
The Australian Mycobacterium Reference Laboratory Network collected and analysed laboratory data on new diagnoses of infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex during 1997. A total of 722 cases were identified, representing an annual incidence of 3.9 cases of laboratory culture-confirmed tuberculosis (TB) per 100,000 population. Historical data shows that Australia's TB ...
Bhatki W S - - 1999
With appropriate planning and preparation, a modified leprosy elimination campaign (MLEC) was undertaken in Brihan Mumbai (Bombay), which has a population of around 11 million. For the campaign, 4879 non-leprosy paramedical and non-medical personnel were trained and utilized as searchers. The MLEC revealed 1410 new leprosy cases, with a new ...
Kumaresan J A - - 1999
Tuberculosis control efforts should be evaluated periodically to assess progress made by national programmes and to plan for the future. Simple and reliable tools are required for such assessments. This paper summarises the methodology and results of the review of the national tuberculosis programme in Bangladesh conducted in 1997. The ...
- - 1999
A Leprosy Elimination Campaign (LEC) is an initiative which aims to detect leprosy cases, particularly the more serious ones referred to as 'cases of consequence', that remain undetected in the community, and to treat them with MDT. This will subsequently reduce the delay in managing such cases in the community ...
Leopoldino J F - - 1999
Malaria is a parasitic disease with high prevalence in several regions of the world. Infestation by Plasmodium faciparum can, in some cases, affect the central nervous system producing encephalitis resulting in death or neurological sequelae. The mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of the cerebral lesion are not totally clear and ...
Hajioff D - - 1999
We report a case of primary tuberculosis of the posterior oropharyngeal wall presenting with sore throat, fever and malaise. Pharyngeal tuberculosis is rare and usually occurs with primary pulmonary disease. Primary disease has been reported in small numbers in the nasopharynx and palatine tonsil but never before, to our knowledge, ...
Matteelli A - - 1999
We report the results of a retrospective analysis of the clinical charts of imported malaria cases notified during the period 1991-95 in the Lombardy region of northern Italy. We analysed 694 admissions related to 683 individuals. The proportion of immigrants increased during the observation period from 34.4% in 1991 to ...
Chai J Y - - 1999
Plasmodium vivax malaria, which was highly prevalent in the Republic of Korea, disappeared rapidly since 1970s. However, malaria re-emerged with the first occurrence of a patient in 1993 near the demilitarized zone (DMZ), the border between South Korea and North Korea. Thereafter, the number of cases increased exponentially year after ...
Albonico M - - 1999
The Malagashy national malaria control programme ('Programme National de Lutte contre le Paludisme', PNLP) has been developing, since 1996, an epidemiological early warning system for malaria epidemics in the Central Highlands with the support of the Italian Development Cooperation. The system is based on the monitoring of malaria morbidity (clinical ...
Tiendrebéogo A - - 1999
Kita is a health district of Mali, a leprosy-endemic country in West Africa. We conducted a comparative study of passive and active case finding of leprosy in this district in 1997. In May and June, a mobile team realized active case finding by visiting 32 villages of more than 1000 ...
Castelli F - - 1999
An increasing proportion of malaria cases in Italy is observed in immigrants revisiting their country of origin, but little specific research work has been carried out in this field. All malaria cases occurring from 1990 to 1998 at the Reference Clinic for Infectious and Tropical Diseases in Brescia were prospectically ...
Singhasivanon P - - 1999
During the past three decades almost half of the existing natural tropical forests in Thailand were destroyed and replaced by cash crops, rubber, coffee, fruit orchards (durian, rambutan, mangosteen) and other commercial plantations. In order to determine the proportion of malaria cases contracted from such commercial plantations, an epidemiological study ...
Gregorakos L - - 1999
Malaria remains today one of the major health problems in the tropics with increased morbidity and mortality. The most serious complications are caused by Plasmodium falciparum, which, in contrast to the benign malarias, may progress to a life-threatening multi-system disease. Our case concerns a young woman in the 14th week ...
Kimerling M E - - 1999
SETTING: Two homeless shelters in Birmingham, Alabama. OBJECTIVE: To interrupt tuberculosis transmission and evaluate the utility of spot sputum screening. DESIGN: Two shelters participated in the study between May 1996 and February 1997. A spot sputum specimen was collected on a given evening from each overnight client. Information was obtained ...
Anand K - - 1999
Malaria has re-emerged as a major public health problem in India. At present, under the National guidelines; all fevers are presumed to be due to malaria and chloroquine is given as presumptive treatment. This results in overtreatment. We did a pilot study to see whether some clinical predictors of malaria ...
Ambrosetti M - - 1999
In Italy, no national data on tuberculosis (TB) treatment results were available. In 1995, the AIPO (Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists) TB Study Group, in collaboration with the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (technical branch of the Ministry of Health), started a prospective monitoring activity based on World Health Organization (WHO) ...
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