Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 728
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Franco-Paredes Carlos - - 2002
Tuberculosis of the pancreas is a clinical entity rarely described in the literature. The pancreas is biologically protected from infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, probably because of the presence of pancreatic enzymes that interfere with the seeding of M. tuberculosis. However, when pathogens are able to overcome the resistance, they can ...
Viejo Guillermo - - 2002
Bordetella bronchiseptica is an important veterinary pathogen but a rare cause of opportunistic respiratory tract infection in humans. We describe a case of pleural effusion caused by B. bronchiseptica in a patient with AIDS who was coinfected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. To the best of our knowledge this is the first ...
Lee Jong Soo - - 2002
Malaria had been eradicated in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) by the late 1970s. In 1993, a soldier was infected with Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ; the border area between North and South Korea), and since then, the number of cases has been steadily increasing year ...
Suyaphun A - - 2002
Malaria is an important vector-borne disease in the tropics. Northern Thailand is endemic for malaria. We reviewed the clinical manifestations presented by patients with malaria; our data were drawn from the database of Mae Chaem Hospital, Chiang Mai Province. Mae Chaem district is hilly and rural. More than 80% of ...
Gafur M A - - 2002
Tuberculous prostatitis is a rare condition. A 55 years-old man admitted into a surgery unit of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital with features of prostatism. After clinical examination and investigations, it was diagnosed as a case of benign enlargement of prostate (BEP) and surgery was decided to do. During exploration a ...
Miller Megge - - 2002
In 2001, there were 997 cases of tuberculosis (TB) reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, of which, 967 were new cases of TB and 30 cases were relapses. The incidence rate of TB in Australia in 2001 was 5.1 cases per 100,000 population. The highest incidence of TB ...
Holtz T H - - 2001
Human malaria is caused by one or more of four species of intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, or P. malariae). The protozoa are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United ...
Dev V - - 2001
Malaria is endemic in the Indian state of Assam and transmission of the causative parasites is perennial and persistent. The available data on malaria-related morbidity and mortality in the state for the years 1991-1999 have been reviewed. Over this period, Plasmodium falciparum was the predominant parasite, causing 58%-68% of the ...
Tocque K - - 2001
The aim of this study was to identify the subtle influences of exposure and individual lifestyles on the risk of developing tuberculosis. A retrospective case-control study (with matching by sex, age, postcode and ethnicity) of all tuberculosis cases notified over a 7-yr period in Liverpool, UK, was carried out. Multiple ...
Lee K J - - 2001
A total of 827 malaria cases were reported in the Gangwon-do in the year 2000. There were 18.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There were 283 cases among civilians and 544 cases among the military. 90.6% of cases were reported in Cheorwon--(531), Hwacheon--(152), and Goseong--(66) gun (county), which bordered the demilitarized ...
Kür┼čat S - - 2001
We encountered 9 cases of tuberculosis out of our 157 chronic HD patients in 36 months. Four pulmonary, 4 lymph nodal and one isolated dermal involvement were detected. Therapy was commenced without waiting for absolute cultural or pathologic diagnosis because of the high index of clinical suspicion. All cases except ...
Marks G B - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effectiveness of postmigration screening for the control of tuberculosis (TB) among refugee migrants. METHODS: We conducted a historical cohort study among 24 610 predominantly Southeast Asian refugees who had arrived in Sydney, Australia, between 1984 and 1994. All had been screened for TB before arrival ...
Tiruviluamala Parvathi - - 2002
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Of these, the most common species to infect humans is M. tuberculosis. The TB bacillus is an extremely successful human pathogen, infecting two billion persons worldwide; an estimated 2 to 3 million people die from tuberculosis each ...
Lejbkowicz F - - 2001
Leprosy is rare and non-endemic in Israel. Cases of leprosy are invariably imported by immigrants or foreign workers arriving from endemic areas. In view of the relative rarity of the disease, clinicians and pathologists are not always alert to the possibility of the disease or recognize potential symptoms. A case ...
Dua V K - - 2001
In an investigation of relapse patterns, 5541 cases of Plasmodium vivax malaria, from four major industrial complexes, each received at least one, 5-day course of primaquine (at 15 mg/day). Any subject relapsing was retreated with the same course. Overall, 511 (9.2%) of the P. vivax cases relapsed after the first ...
Zumla A A Centre for Infectious Diseases and International Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Windeyer Institute for Medical Science, London, UK. - - 2001
Despite continued control efforts, tuberculosis remains a leading cause of illness and death worldwide, with more cases today than at any previous time in history. Not only is there a global increase in the disease itself, there is a worrying rise in the number of cases resistant to the two ...
Chen X S - - 2001
Along with the nationwide economic reform initiated in the early 1980s and the rapid decrease of leprosy endemic after the implementation of multi-drug therapy (MDT), the leprosy programme changed from 'vertical' to 'horizontal'. An evolution in the mode of detection of leprosy cases has consequently taken place. Based on the ...
Alkhuja S - - 2001
Although deaths from tuberculosis (TB) are increasing, TB-related sudden death (TBRSD) is rarely reported in the literature. We present a case report of fatal pulmonary TB with extrapulmonary extension in a patient infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and a review of published reports of TBRSD in MEDLINE (1966 ...
Sheu S J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical and histopathologic findings in five cases of tuberculosis (TB) with various ocular manifestations. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical findings, course, and treatment of five patients. Diagnostic techniques, including biomicroscopic, histopathologic, and molecular biologic test results, are presented. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual ...
Solsona J - - 2001
SETTING: Molecular epidemiology has underlined the importance of recent tuberculosis (TB) transmission and has uncovered notable discrepancies compared with conventional epidemiology. OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine, by RFLP analysis, the percentage of clustered cases in an inner city district with a high incidence of TB (163/100,000) and the groups at risk ...
Blum P G - - 2001
Despite chemoprophylaxis, malaria remains a serious threat for large numbers of non-immune soldiers deployed in endemic areas. Five adult cases of severe falciparum malaria are reported. Three cases were complicated by multiorgan failure and one of these patients died from cerebral malaria. These cases serve to highlight issues, in an ...
Pandhi D - - 2001
Cutaneous tuberculosis is not an uncommon entity but it often remains undiagnosed and is inappropriately treated due to its varied presentation. We present a 42-year-old male with lupus vulgaris in the perianal area, who was treated as lichen simplex chronicus with steroids for two years. With four drug antitubercular treatment, ...
Chemtob D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Sensing an inadequacy of tuberculosis control due to an influx of TB associated with immigration, we analyzed TB treatment outcome in Israel by population groups. OBJECTIVES: To provide an epidemiological basis necessary for any new national TB control policy, and to bring it to the attention of the medical ...
Mungai M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-transmitted malaria is uncommon in the United States. After the report of three cases of complicated Plasmodium falciparum infection acquired by transfusion, we reviewed all cases of transfusion-transmitted malaria reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) from 1963 through 1999. METHODS: Information on the patients was ...
Ebenso B E - - 2001
A Leprosy Elimination Campaign (LEC) was implemented in 37 districts of Sokoto and Zamfara states, Nigeria from 13 August to 30 November 1998. The campaign utilized intensive community mobilization and training of local health personnel to detect hidden leprosy cases. During 8 weeks of case finding, 160,127 persons were screened; ...
Ghobrial M W - - 2001
We report the case of a 49 year-old male who presented with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)-induced epistaxis and generalized purpura. During the same hospitalization the patient was also found to have clinical, microbiological, histological, and roentgenographic evidence of disseminated mycobacterial tuberculosis (TB). The hematological and infectious abnormalities, which did not respond ...
Saunders D L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Despite recent success in tuberculosis (TB) control efforts in the United States, marked declines in TB case rates have not been observed in foreign-born populations. Because foreign-born populations are becoming more important for targeted national TB control efforts, the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) reviewed inmate medical data to ...
Bheerappa N - - 2001
The authors report two cases of isolated splenic tuberculosis treated since 1989 in Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences. One case presented as pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) and another with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Both were found to have splenic tuberculosis after splenectomy. Pre operative diagnosis could not be made ...
Søborg C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trends in conventional and molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in Greenland over an 8-year period. DESIGN: A nation-wide, retrospective, population-based study of all cases of TB reported to the National Health Division of Greenland from 1 January 1990 to 31 December 1997. An analysis of microbiology ...
Curtis A B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) control activities are contingent on the timely identification and reporting of cases to public health authorities to ensure complete assessment and appropriate treatment of contacts and identification of secondary cases. We report the results of a multistate evaluation of completeness and timeliness of reporting of TB cases ...
Lauzardo M - - 2001
Several studies have shown that funeral directors have an increased risk of tuberculosis (TB). Although there is indirect evidence of transmission of TB from cadavers to mortuary workers, there is only one recently documented case in the literature. We report here another case of occupationally acquired TB in a funeral ...
Solomon A - - 2001
Indolent nodular pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in workers exposed to silica dust may go undetected clinically and radiographically, especially in the absence of identification of tubercle bacilli in sputum. Illustrative cases demonstrating the radiographic manifestations of coexistent pulmonary silicosis and the indolent form of nodular TB are presented. Alterations in the ...
Shoda M - - 2001
Plasmodium falciparum malaria is the most dangerous infection for seafarers in West Africa. In December 1998, five cases of this infection occurred among Japanese seafarers in West Africa, two of them died, one on board ship, and another died five days after the admission to the hospital in Reunion island, ...
Talbot E A EA Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, - - 2000
Immigration is a major force sustaining the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States. To describe trends and characteristics of foreign-born persons with TB and the implications for TB program planning and policy development. Descriptive analysis of US TB surveillance data from case reports submitted from 1993 to 1998. ...
Souza C S - - 2000
We report four cases of necrotizing reactions of the Lucio's phenomenon type, an entity rarely observed in Brazil despite the high prevalence of leprosy. Clinical, histopathological and therapeutic aspects are described and compared to those reported in the literature for cases classified as diffuse, non-nodular lepromatous leprosy with Lucio's phenomenon.
Treeprasertsuk S - - 2000
We reported two cases of complicated falciparum malaria who had poor response to artesunate with delayed parasite clearance times. They were splenectomized patients who were treated with high doses of artemisinin derivatives. Our cases showed the importance of the spleen in the clearance of malaria parasites and had different clinical ...
Hong Y P - - 2000
SETTING: A study of chronic excretors of tubercle bacilli (chronic cases) based on the nationwide random sample surveys of tuberculosis prevalence conducted in Korea from 1975 through 1995. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the temporal trend of the prevalence of chronic cases, and to match these with treatment outcomes and drug resistance ...
Lim L C - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Erythema induratum remains one of the rarely encountered tuberculid although tuberculosis is known to be endemic in the developing countries. We report a case of erythema induratum recently encountered in our centre. CLINICAL FEATURE: Clinically, erythema induratum typically manifests as ulcerative and indurated lesions on the lower limbs, especially ...
Kalla G - - 2000
This is a hospital-based study of 25 biopsy-proven cases of histoid leprosy in the arid, northwest Rajasthan region of India. Over an 11-year span, a total of 893 new cases of leprosy were diagnosed at our institution. These 25 histoid cases thus make up 2.8% of our new patients. Various ...
Jelinek T - - 2000
Thirteen cases of falciparum malaria acquired by Europeans in the Dominican Republic occurred from June 1999 to February 2000. The cases were identified by the European Network on Imported Infectious Disease Surveillance (TropNetEurop).
Centis R - - 2000
In Italy no national data on tuberculosis (TB) treatment results were available. In 1995 the AIPO (Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists) TB Study Group, in collaboration with the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (technical branch of the Ministry of Health), started a prospective monitoring activity based on World Health Organization (WHO) ...
Diffey B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the socioeconomic and nutritional status of cured leprosy patients with residual deformity, and their household members, was lower than that of cured leprosy patients without deformity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: One hundred and fifty-five index cases with deformity, 100 without deformity. Also 616 household members comprising ...
Kimerling M E - - 2000
Childhood tuberculosis (TB) cases indicate recent community transmission and thus reflect the effectiveness of TB control efforts, particularly the contact investigation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate all preventable childhood TB cases and implications in the context of TB morbidity trends. DESIGN: Statewide morbidity trends are presented from 1983 to 1997. Since 1992, ...
Yencha M W - - 2000
Since the introduction of antituberculous medications, the incidence of laryngeal tuberculosis (TB) has decreased and remains stable. However, with the incidence of TB increasing, mainly caused by the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic, the incidence of laryngeal involvement may be on the rise. The main presenting symptom of laryngeal TB is ...
Vanderwal T - - 2000
In the Limbé River valley of northern Haiti a retrospective study at the Bon Samaritain Hospital (BSH) determined the total number of cases and the cyclical nature of malaria from 1975 through 1997, examined the relationship between rainfall and malaria from 1975 through 1985, and compared the incidence of malaria ...
Al-Jahdali H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review all cases of miliary tuberculosis (MT) over a period of 7 years in a Saudi Arabian population, to determine the clinical and laboratory characteristics and diagnostic methods, and to compare our data with others reported in the literature. DESIGN: A retrospective case review. RESULTS: Of 780 cases ...
Chung H S HS Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Municipal Boramae Hospital Affiliated to Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. - - 2000
We previously classified forms of endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) into seven subtypes by bronchoscopic finding: actively caseating, edematous-hyperemic, fibrostenotic, tumorous, granular, ulcerative, and nonspecific bronchitic. To evaluate the value of this classification in predicting the therapeutic outcome of EBTB. A prospective study with serial bronchoscopy performed from the diagnosis of EBTB ...
Mínguez P - - 2000
This case report deals with a rare association: tuberculosis and cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis. The patient was a 36-year-old man with no significant past medical problems. He presented with a palpable purpura on both legs, low-grade fever, cough and expectoration, progressive dyspnea due to a massive left pleural effusion and a ...
Matsumoto H - - 2000
Hemoptysis in patients with tuberculosis is usually associated with smear-positive and cavitary lung disease. The present case describes a patient suffering from recurrent hemoptysis associated with tuberculosis who had smear-negative and non-cavitary lung disease, and who was subsequently diagnosed as having mild hemophilia A. Although mild hemophilia A sometimes escapes ...
Cherifi S S Department of Internal Medicine, Brugmann University Hospital, Free University of Brussels, - - 2000
We report a case of multidrug-resistant spinal tuberculosis complicated by epiduritis and paraspinal abscess in a 68-year-old black woman. Multidrug-resistant tuberculous spondylitis is still rare in Belgium. Two others cases were reported from 1992 to 1997. The optimal therapy is not standardized and the mandatory duration of treatment is not ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >