Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 728
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Park Jae-Won - - 2003
Vivax malaria reemerged in the Republic of Korea in 1993. Most of the cases occurred among soldiers in the region adjacent to the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) until 1995. To determine the rate of dispersion of vivax malaria, we evaluated its epidemiologic characteristics. Of 13,903 cases of vivax malaria reported in ...
Suman Appukuttan - - 2003
We report a case of an 80-year-old caucasian female in the UK who presented with weight loss and was found to have a pericardial effusion. There was neither previous exposure to tuberculosis nor any suggestion of immunosuppression. Repeated analysis of pericardial fluid established a tuberculous origin. Search of medical literature ...
Kaushik Robin - - 2003
Tuberculosis and carcinoma of the colon rarely coexist. We report 2 such cases and review the available literature. Since the potential for misdiagnosis is high in such patients and a preoperative diagnosis of coexistence is usually not possible, important questions regarding the management of patient with a diagnosis of either ...
Karthikeyan K - - 2003
The objectives of our study were to describe and analyse the malignancies that occurred in plantar ulcers of leprosy patients. The possible predisposing conditions, duration and extent of the spread of the tumour were also studied. All patients with trophic ulcer of the foot attending the urban leprosy clinic in ...
Jacob Sunitha - - 2003
Necrotising post surgical granulomatous prostatitis following transurethral resection of the prostate is a poorly recognized entity. It is often mistaken for other conditions like tuberculosis, allergic granulomatous prostatitis, etc. This case is being reported in order to increase the awareness of this condition. The relevant literature has also been reviewed.
Park Keeho - - 2003
Plasmodium vivax malaria is an important cause of morbidity among troops operating in endemic areas near the Demilitarized Zone in the Republic of Korea (ROK). The ROK Army has been administering antimalarial chemoprophylaxis to those troops at greatest risk of malaria since 1997. The number of recipients increased from 15000 ...
Modi Charusmita - - 2003
Reactive histiocytosis with hemophagocytosis is most commonly associated with viral infections. Appearance of hemophagocytosis in the tissues is associated with a rapid progression of the underlying disease, and therefore it is important to diagnose and treat the etiological factor at the earliest. Hemophagocytosis is uncommonly associated with tuberculosis and we ...
Póvoa Marinete M - - 2003
An evaluation of malaria transmission and epidemiology in the Amazonian city of Belém over the last 70 years shows that (1) Anopheles darlingi, reported to be eradicated in 1968, reappeared in the mid 1990s, with a marked increase in abundance between 1997 to 1999 in two of three districts sampled; ...
Chen Shumin - - 2003
After more than 40 yrs of effort, leprosy is finally under control in Shandong province with only 50 to 70 new cases detected each year in the past 10 yrs. Contact examination is still compulsory and household contacts will be followed for 5 to 10 yrs, as directed by the ...
Rizzo Paolo Boscolo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Clinical description of laryngeal tuberculosis. METHODS: Clinical case review. RESULTS: The authors report three cases of laryngeal tuberculosis with lung involvement in HIV-negative patients; symptoms were mostly laryngeal. Diagnosis was made in all cases through laryngeal biopsy and examination of the sputum. Patients fully recovered after being given standard ...
Lienhardt Christian - - 2003
Few studies have investigated the risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) infection in highly endemic countries. We conducted a household study in The Gambia, in which a tuberculin skin test (TST) was performed in members of the households of 315 smear-positive pulmonary TB cases and 305 community control subjects. The risk ...
Quy H T - - 2003
SETTING: Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact on case detection of a public-private mix (PPM) project linking private providers (PPs) to the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP). METHOD: Nine-month monitoring of referral and diagnostic data recorded in new referral forms and treatment cards for PPs and ...
Okutan Oguzhan - - 2003
We assessed whether acid fast bacilli (AFB) determination in gastric lavage (GL) and bronchial lavage (BL) contributes to diagnosis in cases radiologically suggestive of pulmonary tuberculosis but with either negative AFB in sputum or the inability to expectorate sputum. Of 129 cases recruited for the study, 22 were excluded due ...
Singh H - - 2003
The objective of this preliminary study was to evaluate the usefulness of the intradermal smear test in the diagnosis of malaria. One hundred cases of suspected malaria (having received no prior antimalarials) were investigated. Both peripheral blood film (PBF) and intradermal smears (IDS) were simultaneously prepared and patients placed on ...
Cortes H - - 2003
The current situation of endemic malaria in Mauritania is not clear since, in most health centres, suspected malaria cases are not confirmed by parasitological analysis and diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms alone. To obtain reliable data about malaria in this country, thin and thick blood smears were taken from ...
Sharma S C - - 2003
Tuberculosis involving the sphenoid sinus is an unusual entity. Two cases of sphenoid tuberculosis in the pediatric age group are described along with a review of literature. In both cases, MRI was performed for radiological assessment followed by endoscopic biopsy to establish tissue diagnosis. The patients received antitubercular therapy and ...
Hassanein M M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common medical emergency. Resistant and recurrent DKA can be due to underlying infection, and a detailed travel history may be important in determining the cause in such cases. We report here a case of unusual DKA and fulminant septicaemia in a Caucasian male with ...
San Gabriel Pablo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Accurate surveillance of tuberculosis (TB) in children is critical because such cases represent recent transmission, but surveillance is difficult as only 10% to 50% of cases are culture-confirmed. Hospital-based sources were used to develop alternative surveillance to assess completeness of reporting for pediatric TB in northern Manhattan and Harlem ...
Stoppacher Robert - - 2003
Malaria is the world's most important parasitic disease, accounting for an estimated 300 to 500 million new cases and between 1.5 and 2.7 deaths annually. The majority of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa where malaria is endemic and are the result of infection with Plasmodium falciparum. The number of ...
King Ann D - - 2003
The MR imaging appearances in three cases of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis are reported, and the findings are combined with three additional cases from a review of the literature. Two patterns of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis were identified. The first pattern is a discrete polypoid mass in the adenoids, and the second pattern is ...
Durante Mangoni Emanuele - - 2003
We observed an unusual case of Plasmodium vivax malaria who presented with an initial relapse four years after the primary infection. This occurred in Cameroon, where the patient, a 56-year-old priest, acquired a mild form of malaria and was treated with only chloroquine. Since he returned to Italy, he had ...
Loutan L - - 2003
Each year, some 25-30 million international travellers from non-tropical regions visit malaria endemic countries. Up to 10,000 cases of malaria are imported into industrialised countries with an average case fatality rate of around 1%. Malaria still poses a real threat to travellers, particularly in areas with high transmission such as ...
Mwaba P P University of Zambia-University College London (UNZA-UCLMS) Research and Training Project, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, - - 2003
To review trends in the rates of tuberculosis (TB) case notifications over a 37-year period. A retrospective study of Ministry of Health records on TB notifications between 1 January 1964 and 31 December 2000. Zambia, sub-Saharan Africa. Retrospective analysis of case-notification data for TB of the Zambia Ministry of Health ...
Dye Christopher - - 2003
In year 2000, the WHO DOTS strategy for tuberculosis (TB) control had been adopted by 148 out of 212 countries, but only 27% of all estimated sputum smear-positive patients were notified under DOTS in that year. Here we investigate the way in which gains in case detection under DOTS were ...
Schneider E - - 2003
At the time of the last world congress on tuberculosis (TB) in 1992, the United States (US) was experiencing an unprecedented resurgence of TB. Since the mid-1950s, TB incidence had been steadily decreasing, until 1984 when this longstanding trend was reversed. The annual national total of TB cases continued to ...
Matsuoka Hiroyuki - - 2003
We conducted a survey for malaria diagnosis and treatment in four primary schools in Flores Island, one of the Indonesian Islands with an area of 17000 km(2) and a population of 1.8 million. Of those examined, 24.4% were diagnosed as having malaria (90/363) and administered medicine immediately. A glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase ...
David Kim P - - 2003
The Atovaquone/proguanil combination has quickly been established as an effective chemoprophylaxis for travellers to areas with chloroquineresistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria. We describe the molecular cause of the first reported case of primary Atovaquone/proguanil resistance observed in our department in a Plasmodium falciparum infected traveller returning from West Africa, and link ...
Goljan Jolanta - - 2003
This study describes 14 cases of relapse and recrudescence of malaria, treated between 1991 and 2003. In that period, 146 patients were hospitalized in the Clinic of the Institute in Gdynia: 20 women and 126 men. In 103 cases the disease was caused by Plasmodium falciparum, in 31 cases by ...
Prasoon Dev - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe tuberculosis of the intercostal lymph nodes and discuss its clinical and cytologic profile and pathogenesis. STUDY DESIGN: Fifteen cases from March 1994 to March 2000 were retrieved from our cytology records. Only clinically and therapeutically proven cases were included in the study. RESULTS: The ages of the ...
Dhammi Ish Kumar - - 2003
Multifocal skeletal tuberculosis is an uncommonly reported entity, Unanimity on terminology is lacking in the literature. The article presents a series of 18 such patients encountered in our institution. All the patients were below 15 y of age. Male to female ratio was 13:5. Most of the cases presented with ...
Rao T Prabhakar - - 2003
The National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) is based on survey, education and treatment, including coverage of all the registered cases with multi-drug therapy (MDT). The Government of India introduced MDT in all leprosy endemic districts through a vertical set-up, and through mobile leprosy treatment units in low endemic districts. Anti-leprosy ...
Samaan Gina - - 2003
In 2002, there were 1,028 cases of tuberculosis (TB) reported to the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System, of which 997 were new cases, 30 were relapses and 1 unknown. The incidence rate of TB in Australia in 2002 was 5.2 cases per 100,000 population. The highest incidence of TB was ...
Thang H D - - 2002
We report a case of Plasmodium vivax malaria in a patient who had not visited an endemic area. The ways in which malaria can be transmitted in non-endemic areas are discussed. By the elimination of other possibilities, the diagnosis of airport malaria was made. Airport malaria is a rare and ...
Lowe G L - - 2002
Concerns about tuberculosis in young people in two linked deprived non-metropolitan communities triggered an investigation into local disease incidence and control measures. A pragmatic case-finding exercise, epidemiological enquiry and DNA genotyping were carried out to establish incidence and connections between cases over a five-year period. Of the 91 cases identified, ...
Ustianowski Andrew - - 2002
Hyponatraemia is a common finding in malaria, but rarely appears to be of clinical significance. We describe a case of acute, profound, hyponatraemia with confusion and convulsions developing in the context of seemingly uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. We draw attention to this rarely reported and poorly documented life-threatening complication and ...
Lathan Monica - - 2002
From 1996 to 2000, 23 Maryland and Washington, D.C., tuberculosis cases were identified in one six-band DNA cluster. Cases were clustered on the basis of their Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. Medical record reviews and interviews were conducted to identify epidemiologic linkages. Eighteen (78%) of the 23 case-patients with identical restriction fragment ...
Singh R K - - 2002
A case of acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome) in association with tuberculosis has been reported. However association of the two diseases is not common. It appears as if Mycobacterium tuberculosis present somewhere in the body can induce cutaneous reactions as is the case in erythema nodosum and erythema induratum.
Makkar Ravinder Pal Singh - - 2002
Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria are endemic infections in India and are commonly associated with mild hematological abnormalities. Severe thrombocytopenia is common in isolated falciparum and mixed falciparum/vivax malaria, but is very rare in isolated P.vivax infection. We hereby report a case of severe thrombocytopenia (platelet count of 8x10(9)/L) ...
Adelusola Kayode A - - 2002
Persistent peripheral lymphadenopathy (PL) not associated with malignancy or a focal lesion can pose a diagnostic and therapeutic problem. This study reports the pathological findings in the lymph nodes of 225 patients who presented with PL at the University Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria within a period of ten years. Majority of ...
Chow Teresa Wai Ping - - 2002
In this review, tuberculosis of the genital tract was diagnosed retrospectively in 11 females over 15 years. The presentations of nine cases are described. Seven of the nine cases presented with ascites, vague abdominal distension, weight loss and were misdiagnosed as ovarian carcinoma. Eight women had no relevant past history. ...
Thappa D M - - 2002
Lepromatous leprosy is a generalized disease usually presenting with numerous macules, papules, nodules or plaques involving wide areas of the skin. It is generally believed that in India lepromatous leprosy often originates from the borderline spectrum (Jha et al, 1991). Localized lepromatous or borderline lepromatous disease is a rare variant ...
Albert H - - 2002
SETTING: Twelve primary health care clinics in the South Peninsula Administration, Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of FAST-PlaqueTB, a new phage-based test, for the rapid diagnosis of TB in individuals with no previous history of TB treatment presenting at primary health care clinics ...
Blower S M SM Department of Biomathematics, University of California Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90095, USA. - - 2002
Recent international efforts for global control of tuberculosis have resulted in a new movement: the Stop TB partnership. One of the operational goals of this movement is based on WHO-determined targets to detect, by 2005, 70% of new smear-positive cases under DOTS, and to successfully treat 85% of these cases. ...
Hamel Christian T - - 2002
In many parts of the world malaria still is a major medical problem. Heavy international and transcontinental traveling carries malaria to non-endemic areas. Practicing physicians must be aware of the common, but also the rare and severe complications of malaria. During malaria changes in splenic structure can result in asymptomatic ...
Ekwcani C N - - 2002
The case is reported of a 53 year old long distance bus driver who had complained of fever, weight loss, abdominal and leg swelling and had a past history of inadequately treated pulmonary tuberculosis. Physical findings included generalised lymphadenopathy, finger clubbing, pedal oedem and chylous ascites. He tested positive for ...
Pettit S - - 2002
We report an outbreak of tuberculosis (TB) that originated in a public house, involving 12 cases. The presumed index case was a regular patron. Initial screening of close contacts identified no further cases. Six cases of TB then presented symptomatically among other regular patrons. Contact screening was extended to include ...
Mehrunnisa A - - 2002
In Aligarh Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infections during 1998 and 1999 were 69.6% and 62.2%, and 30.4% and 37.8%, respectively. Peak transmission of malaria with highest slide positivity rates (38-44.6%) and slide P. falciparum rates (13 to 16%) were recorded during the months of September and October. About 7.5 ...
Golshan Mohammad - - 2002
During a one-year period to September 1998, data were collected from all 213 patients referred with pleural effusion. There were 132 males and 81 females; their ages ranged from 18 to 85 years. The most common etiologies of effusion were congestive heart failure (39.4%), malignancy (27.2%), pneumonia (8%), empyema (5.2%), ...
Mukherjee K K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Calvarial tuberculosis is rare, even in areas where tuberculosis is endemic. Primary calvarial tuberculosis, with no evidence of tuberculosis elsewhere in the body is a rarer entity. METHODS: Seven cases of calvarial tuberculosis are presented. The relevant clinicoradiological features and management are discussed. RESULTS: Two cases of primary calvarial ...
Groenen G - - 2002
From 1979 to 1999, the ALERT leprosy control programme has covered a well-defined area in central Ethiopia using standardized case finding strategies. During this period, the leprosy prevalence has decreased more than 30-fold, there has been a 3-fold decrease in case detection and a 6-fold decrease in the case detection ...
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