Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 712
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Hassanein M M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common medical emergency. Resistant and recurrent DKA can be due to underlying infection, and a detailed travel history may be important in determining the cause in such cases. We report here a case of unusual DKA and fulminant septicaemia in a Caucasian male with ...
San Gabriel Pablo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Accurate surveillance of tuberculosis (TB) in children is critical because such cases represent recent transmission, but surveillance is difficult as only 10% to 50% of cases are culture-confirmed. Hospital-based sources were used to develop alternative surveillance to assess completeness of reporting for pediatric TB in northern Manhattan and Harlem ...
Stoppacher Robert - - 2003
Malaria is the world's most important parasitic disease, accounting for an estimated 300 to 500 million new cases and between 1.5 and 2.7 deaths annually. The majority of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa where malaria is endemic and are the result of infection with Plasmodium falciparum. The number of ...
King Ann D - - 2003
The MR imaging appearances in three cases of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis are reported, and the findings are combined with three additional cases from a review of the literature. Two patterns of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis were identified. The first pattern is a discrete polypoid mass in the adenoids, and the second pattern is ...
Durante Mangoni Emanuele - - 2003
We observed an unusual case of Plasmodium vivax malaria who presented with an initial relapse four years after the primary infection. This occurred in Cameroon, where the patient, a 56-year-old priest, acquired a mild form of malaria and was treated with only chloroquine. Since he returned to Italy, he had ...
Loutan L - - 2003
Each year, some 25-30 million international travellers from non-tropical regions visit malaria endemic countries. Up to 10,000 cases of malaria are imported into industrialised countries with an average case fatality rate of around 1%. Malaria still poses a real threat to travellers, particularly in areas with high transmission such as ...
Mwaba P P University of Zambia-University College London (UNZA-UCLMS) Research and Training Project, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, - - 2003
To review trends in the rates of tuberculosis (TB) case notifications over a 37-year period. A retrospective study of Ministry of Health records on TB notifications between 1 January 1964 and 31 December 2000. Zambia, sub-Saharan Africa. Retrospective analysis of case-notification data for TB of the Zambia Ministry of Health ...
Dye Christopher - - 2003
In year 2000, the WHO DOTS strategy for tuberculosis (TB) control had been adopted by 148 out of 212 countries, but only 27% of all estimated sputum smear-positive patients were notified under DOTS in that year. Here we investigate the way in which gains in case detection under DOTS were ...
Schneider E - - 2003
At the time of the last world congress on tuberculosis (TB) in 1992, the United States (US) was experiencing an unprecedented resurgence of TB. Since the mid-1950s, TB incidence had been steadily decreasing, until 1984 when this longstanding trend was reversed. The annual national total of TB cases continued to ...
Matsuoka Hiroyuki - - 2003
We conducted a survey for malaria diagnosis and treatment in four primary schools in Flores Island, one of the Indonesian Islands with an area of 17000 km(2) and a population of 1.8 million. Of those examined, 24.4% were diagnosed as having malaria (90/363) and administered medicine immediately. A glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase ...
David Kim P - - 2003
The Atovaquone/proguanil combination has quickly been established as an effective chemoprophylaxis for travellers to areas with chloroquineresistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria. We describe the molecular cause of the first reported case of primary Atovaquone/proguanil resistance observed in our department in a Plasmodium falciparum infected traveller returning from West Africa, and link ...
Goljan Jolanta - - 2003
This study describes 14 cases of relapse and recrudescence of malaria, treated between 1991 and 2003. In that period, 146 patients were hospitalized in the Clinic of the Institute in Gdynia: 20 women and 126 men. In 103 cases the disease was caused by Plasmodium falciparum, in 31 cases by ...
Prasoon Dev - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe tuberculosis of the intercostal lymph nodes and discuss its clinical and cytologic profile and pathogenesis. STUDY DESIGN: Fifteen cases from March 1994 to March 2000 were retrieved from our cytology records. Only clinically and therapeutically proven cases were included in the study. RESULTS: The ages of the ...
Dhammi Ish Kumar - - 2003
Multifocal skeletal tuberculosis is an uncommonly reported entity, Unanimity on terminology is lacking in the literature. The article presents a series of 18 such patients encountered in our institution. All the patients were below 15 y of age. Male to female ratio was 13:5. Most of the cases presented with ...
Rao T Prabhakar - - 2003
The National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) is based on survey, education and treatment, including coverage of all the registered cases with multi-drug therapy (MDT). The Government of India introduced MDT in all leprosy endemic districts through a vertical set-up, and through mobile leprosy treatment units in low endemic districts. Anti-leprosy ...
Samaan Gina - - 2003
In 2002, there were 1,028 cases of tuberculosis (TB) reported to the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System, of which 997 were new cases, 30 were relapses and 1 unknown. The incidence rate of TB in Australia in 2002 was 5.2 cases per 100,000 population. The highest incidence of TB was ...
Thang H D - - 2002
We report a case of Plasmodium vivax malaria in a patient who had not visited an endemic area. The ways in which malaria can be transmitted in non-endemic areas are discussed. By the elimination of other possibilities, the diagnosis of airport malaria was made. Airport malaria is a rare and ...
Lowe G L - - 2002
Concerns about tuberculosis in young people in two linked deprived non-metropolitan communities triggered an investigation into local disease incidence and control measures. A pragmatic case-finding exercise, epidemiological enquiry and DNA genotyping were carried out to establish incidence and connections between cases over a five-year period. Of the 91 cases identified, ...
Ustianowski Andrew - - 2002
Hyponatraemia is a common finding in malaria, but rarely appears to be of clinical significance. We describe a case of acute, profound, hyponatraemia with confusion and convulsions developing in the context of seemingly uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. We draw attention to this rarely reported and poorly documented life-threatening complication and ...
Lathan Monica - - 2002
From 1996 to 2000, 23 Maryland and Washington, D.C., tuberculosis cases were identified in one six-band DNA cluster. Cases were clustered on the basis of their Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. Medical record reviews and interviews were conducted to identify epidemiologic linkages. Eighteen (78%) of the 23 case-patients with identical restriction fragment ...
Singh R K - - 2002
A case of acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis (Sweet's syndrome) in association with tuberculosis has been reported. However association of the two diseases is not common. It appears as if Mycobacterium tuberculosis present somewhere in the body can induce cutaneous reactions as is the case in erythema nodosum and erythema induratum.
Makkar Ravinder Pal Singh - - 2002
Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria are endemic infections in India and are commonly associated with mild hematological abnormalities. Severe thrombocytopenia is common in isolated falciparum and mixed falciparum/vivax malaria, but is very rare in isolated P.vivax infection. We hereby report a case of severe thrombocytopenia (platelet count of 8x10(9)/L) ...
Adelusola Kayode A - - 2002
Persistent peripheral lymphadenopathy (PL) not associated with malignancy or a focal lesion can pose a diagnostic and therapeutic problem. This study reports the pathological findings in the lymph nodes of 225 patients who presented with PL at the University Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria within a period of ten years. Majority of ...
Chow Teresa Wai Ping - - 2002
In this review, tuberculosis of the genital tract was diagnosed retrospectively in 11 females over 15 years. The presentations of nine cases are described. Seven of the nine cases presented with ascites, vague abdominal distension, weight loss and were misdiagnosed as ovarian carcinoma. Eight women had no relevant past history. ...
Thappa D M - - 2002
Lepromatous leprosy is a generalized disease usually presenting with numerous macules, papules, nodules or plaques involving wide areas of the skin. It is generally believed that in India lepromatous leprosy often originates from the borderline spectrum (Jha et al, 1991). Localized lepromatous or borderline lepromatous disease is a rare variant ...
Albert H - - 2002
SETTING: Twelve primary health care clinics in the South Peninsula Administration, Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of FAST-PlaqueTB, a new phage-based test, for the rapid diagnosis of TB in individuals with no previous history of TB treatment presenting at primary health care clinics ...
Blower S M - - 2002
Recent international efforts for global control of tuberculosis have resulted in a new movement: the Stop TB partnership. One of the operational goals of this movement is based on WHO-determined targets to detect, by 2005, 70% of new smear-positive cases under DOTS, and to successfully treat 85% of these cases. ...
Hamel Christian T - - 2002
In many parts of the world malaria still is a major medical problem. Heavy international and transcontinental traveling carries malaria to non-endemic areas. Practicing physicians must be aware of the common, but also the rare and severe complications of malaria. During malaria changes in splenic structure can result in asymptomatic ...
Ekwcani C N - - 2002
The case is reported of a 53 year old long distance bus driver who had complained of fever, weight loss, abdominal and leg swelling and had a past history of inadequately treated pulmonary tuberculosis. Physical findings included generalised lymphadenopathy, finger clubbing, pedal oedem and chylous ascites. He tested positive for ...
Pettit S - - 2002
We report an outbreak of tuberculosis (TB) that originated in a public house, involving 12 cases. The presumed index case was a regular patron. Initial screening of close contacts identified no further cases. Six cases of TB then presented symptomatically among other regular patrons. Contact screening was extended to include ...
Mehrunnisa A - - 2002
In Aligarh Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infections during 1998 and 1999 were 69.6% and 62.2%, and 30.4% and 37.8%, respectively. Peak transmission of malaria with highest slide positivity rates (38-44.6%) and slide P. falciparum rates (13 to 16%) were recorded during the months of September and October. About 7.5 ...
Golshan Mohammad - - 2002
During a one-year period to September 1998, data were collected from all 213 patients referred with pleural effusion. There were 132 males and 81 females; their ages ranged from 18 to 85 years. The most common etiologies of effusion were congestive heart failure (39.4%), malignancy (27.2%), pneumonia (8%), empyema (5.2%), ...
Mukherjee K K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Calvarial tuberculosis is rare, even in areas where tuberculosis is endemic. Primary calvarial tuberculosis, with no evidence of tuberculosis elsewhere in the body is a rarer entity. METHODS: Seven cases of calvarial tuberculosis are presented. The relevant clinicoradiological features and management are discussed. RESULTS: Two cases of primary calvarial ...
Groenen G - - 2002
From 1979 to 1999, the ALERT leprosy control programme has covered a well-defined area in central Ethiopia using standardized case finding strategies. During this period, the leprosy prevalence has decreased more than 30-fold, there has been a 3-fold decrease in case detection and a 6-fold decrease in the case detection ...
Franco-Paredes Carlos - - 2002
Tuberculosis of the pancreas is a clinical entity rarely described in the literature. The pancreas is biologically protected from infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, probably because of the presence of pancreatic enzymes that interfere with the seeding of M. tuberculosis. However, when pathogens are able to overcome the resistance, they can ...
Viejo Guillermo - - 2002
Bordetella bronchiseptica is an important veterinary pathogen but a rare cause of opportunistic respiratory tract infection in humans. We describe a case of pleural effusion caused by B. bronchiseptica in a patient with AIDS who was coinfected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. To the best of our knowledge this is the first ...
Lee Jong Soo - - 2002
Malaria had been eradicated in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) by the late 1970s. In 1993, a soldier was infected with Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ; the border area between North and South Korea), and since then, the number of cases has been steadily increasing year ...
Suyaphun A - - 2002
Malaria is an important vector-borne disease in the tropics. Northern Thailand is endemic for malaria. We reviewed the clinical manifestations presented by patients with malaria; our data were drawn from the database of Mae Chaem Hospital, Chiang Mai Province. Mae Chaem district is hilly and rural. More than 80% of ...
Gafur M A - - 2002
Tuberculous prostatitis is a rare condition. A 55 years-old man admitted into a surgery unit of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital with features of prostatism. After clinical examination and investigations, it was diagnosed as a case of benign enlargement of prostate (BEP) and surgery was decided to do. During exploration a ...
Miller Megge - - 2002
In 2001, there were 997 cases of tuberculosis (TB) reported to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System, of which, 967 were new cases of TB and 30 cases were relapses. The incidence rate of TB in Australia in 2001 was 5.1 cases per 100,000 population. The highest incidence of TB ...
Holtz T H - - 2001
Human malaria is caused by one or more of four species of intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, or P. malariae). The protozoa are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United ...
Dev V - - 2001
Malaria is endemic in the Indian state of Assam and transmission of the causative parasites is perennial and persistent. The available data on malaria-related morbidity and mortality in the state for the years 1991-1999 have been reviewed. Over this period, Plasmodium falciparum was the predominant parasite, causing 58%-68% of the ...
Tocque K - - 2001
The aim of this study was to identify the subtle influences of exposure and individual lifestyles on the risk of developing tuberculosis. A retrospective case-control study (with matching by sex, age, postcode and ethnicity) of all tuberculosis cases notified over a 7-yr period in Liverpool, UK, was carried out. Multiple ...
Lee K J - - 2001
A total of 827 malaria cases were reported in the Gangwon-do in the year 2000. There were 18.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. There were 283 cases among civilians and 544 cases among the military. 90.6% of cases were reported in Cheorwon--(531), Hwacheon--(152), and Goseong--(66) gun (county), which bordered the demilitarized ...
Kür┼čat S - - 2001
We encountered 9 cases of tuberculosis out of our 157 chronic HD patients in 36 months. Four pulmonary, 4 lymph nodal and one isolated dermal involvement were detected. Therapy was commenced without waiting for absolute cultural or pathologic diagnosis because of the high index of clinical suspicion. All cases except ...
Marks G B - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effectiveness of postmigration screening for the control of tuberculosis (TB) among refugee migrants. METHODS: We conducted a historical cohort study among 24 610 predominantly Southeast Asian refugees who had arrived in Sydney, Australia, between 1984 and 1994. All had been screened for TB before arrival ...
Tiruviluamala Parvathi - - 2002
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Of these, the most common species to infect humans is M. tuberculosis. The TB bacillus is an extremely successful human pathogen, infecting two billion persons worldwide; an estimated 2 to 3 million people die from tuberculosis each ...
Lejbkowicz F - - 2001
Leprosy is rare and non-endemic in Israel. Cases of leprosy are invariably imported by immigrants or foreign workers arriving from endemic areas. In view of the relative rarity of the disease, clinicians and pathologists are not always alert to the possibility of the disease or recognize potential symptoms. A case ...
Zumla A - - 2001
Despite continued control efforts, tuberculosis remains a leading cause of illness and death worldwide, with more cases today than at any previous time in history. Not only is there a global increase in the disease itself, there is a worrying rise in the number of cases resistant to the two ...
Dua V K - - 2001
In an investigation of relapse patterns, 5541 cases of Plasmodium vivax malaria, from four major industrial complexes, each received at least one, 5-day course of primaquine (at 15 mg/day). Any subject relapsing was retreated with the same course. Overall, 511 (9.2%) of the P. vivax cases relapsed after the first ...
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