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Results 301 - 350 of 712
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Demar Magalie - - 2004
Some of the immunologic mechanisms involved in malaria physiopathology remain unclear. In animals, the spleen seems to play a key role in protecting the host against malaria. However, little is known about the effect of spleen dysfunction on human malaria. We report two severe cases of Plasmodium falciparum infection with ...
Randrianasolo L - - 2004
Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) of pregnant women with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is being considered as a routine practice in Madagascar, mainly to decrease the risks of malaria-associated severe anaemia in the women, and of low birthweight in their babies. There is, however, relatively little information available on the efficacy of SP ...
Foca A - - 2004
Geographical position, an increasing flow of immigrants and refugees coming from regions where malaria is endemic might further increase those cases of malaria imported to Calabria due to travel on military missions, visiting relatives, business and leisure. However, few reports have been published regarding malaria imported into the southern Italian ...
McGinnis James - - 2004
Reported cases of malaria in the Navy and Marine Corps were reviewed from the Naval Disease Reporting System (NDRS) and the Defense Medical Epidemiological Database (DMED). For 1997 through 2000, NDRS identified 62 cases of malaria and DMED identified 162 cases. Further analysis compared NDRS and DMED information with Composite ...
Ciftci F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Precise epidemiological data are essential to increase the efficiency of a tuberculosis (TB) control programme. In some countries significant numbers of TB cases go unrecorded or undetected. We aimed to investigate the incidence of TB in the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF), to obtain more reliable data on the entire ...
Costa Luciano J M - - 2004
Tuberculosis (TB) has been described in association with malignancies including Hodgkin disease (HD). We report three cases of simultaneous occurrence of TB and HD. In two of these cases clinical symptoms improved after TB treatment was instituted and before HD was diagnosed. Fever recurrence in one case and persistence of ...
Curioni M - - 2004
Lymphadenitis is the most common presentation of extra pulmonary tuberculosis, whereas gastrointestinal localization, particularly duodenal involvement, is rare. We report a case of extra pulmonary tuberculosis with association between cervical lymphadenitis and duodenitis with multiple ulcers, not responsive to treatment with protonic pump inhibitors, in a human immunodeficiency virus-seronegative adult ...
BITHIKA DUTTAROY, CHARU AGRAWAL, ...
There has been an increase in disease caused by Non Tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) since the early 1980s. Though ubiquitous in environment, they may act as clinically important pathogens in various conditions. More importantly they are resistant to the conventional anti-tuberculous therapy (ATT) and respond to antibiotics such as quinolones and ...
Pais Anthony V - - 2004
We report a case with abdominal complications of clofazimine treatment which included blackish discolouration of the lymph nodes, omentum and peritoneum. A 44-year-old female with lepromatous leprosy and a history of adverse reaction to clofazimine 2 years previously, presented with rectosigmoid junction adenocarcinoma. Laparotomy revealed an inoperable tumour with pigmentation ...
Choi H J - - 2004
Retinal haemorrhage is often observed in patients with Plasmodium falciparum, especially when combined with cerebral malaria. However, few cases of retinopathy have been reported in P. vivax malaria. Benign tertian malaria has re-emerged among soldiers in the South Korean demilitarized zone since 1993. We report an indigenous case of retinal ...
Jianping Shen - - 2004
To analyse the impact on of case finding of leprosy elimination campaigns (LECs), data on newly detected leprosy cases in a leprosy endemic area were collected before, during and after the year of LEC. The number of new leprosy cases detected during the year of LEC was significantly higher than ...
Aderibigbe A - - 2004
Extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (Tb), a medieval disease, occurs in every part of the body with varying degree of frequency but commonly in the pleural and lymph nodes. When it occurs in bones thoracolumbar vertebrae is the usual site of involvement. Other bones are less involved hence seldomly reported. This ...
Christiansen David C - - 2004
Mycobacterium celatum is a recently described organism. Herein we describe a case of M. celatum lymphadenitis in an immunocompetent child and the first reported case of a M. celatum infection (lung abscess) in a transplant recipient. A literature review identified 19 other cases of M. celatum infection. Fifteen occurred in ...
Shah Snehal - - 2004
Malaria is caused by any of four species of intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, or P. malariae). These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among ...
Kambili Chrispin - - 2004
Two previous reviews summarized the New York Hospital experience with 110 cases of malaria from 1968 to 1990. We have extended these studies to include 59 cases of malaria seen from 1991 to 1999 and analyze trends over the past 30 years. Plasmodium falciparum remains the most common species, 38 ...
Salaniponi Felix M - - 2004
Low case detection rates of new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients globally are a cause for concern. The aim of this study was to determine for patients registered for TB in Malawi the number and percentage who lived in a neighbouring country and the registration, recording and reporting practices for ...
Qidwai Waris - - 2004
A 45 year-old driver presented with a two months history of hoarseness, fever, productive cough, anorexia and weight loss. He chewed tobacco. He was previously seen and treated without benefit by a family Physician and two ear, nose and throat consultants. Crackles were heard in the left scapular region. An ...
- - 2004
During 2003, a total of 14,871 tuberculosis (TB) cases (5.1 cases per 100,000 population) were reported in the United States, representing a 1.4% decrease in cases and a 1.9% decline in the rate from 2002. This decline is the smallest since 1992, when TB incidence peaked after a 7-year resurgence. ...
Ismaeel Abdulrahman Y - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Malaria was eradicated in Bahrain about 20 years ago. However, because of a large immigrant population, cases of imported malaria continued to be seen. This paper presents an evaluation of the data from 1992 to 2001 to assess the levels of indigenous and imported malaria cases and the potential ...
Vengadakrishnan K - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Rheumatic manifestations are a common feature of leprosy. The present study was performed to assess the incidence of rheumatic manifestations in leprosy. METHODS: Seventy cases of leprosy attending the indoor and outdoor departments were studied. RESULTS: Out of the 70 cases studied, rheumatic manifestations were seen in ...
Faggiano F - - 2004
SETTING: Turin, Italy, 1973-1999. OBJECTIVE: To estimate tuberculosis (TB) incidence rates in Turin between 1973 and 1999. DESIGN: Incidence study. An active search of new TB cases was carried out by examining the clinical records of the three major TB care services in the city. New cases were defined as ...
Demar Magalie - - 2004
The resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to antimalarial drugs is one of the most worrisome problems in tropical medicine, but few clinical studies or observations have described confirmed cases of therapeutic failure. We report two cases of in vivo P. falciparum resistance (RIII response) to quinine in French Guiana, an Amazonian ...
Agrawal S K - - 2004
The case of a male patient diagnosed to have lepromatous leprosy with type 2 reaction on multibacillary multidrug therapy, with unusual, widespread involvement of genitalia in the form of plaque and nodules of leprosy over scrotum and perimeatal region of glans, necrotic lesions of erythema nodosum leprosum over scrotum, neuritis ...
Carroll Kevin - - 2004
Outcomes are compared for a district tuberculosis (TB) control programme, before and after DOTS (directly observed therapy short-course) and a computerized register were introduced. There were significant improvements in case holding associated with the interventions. The successful treatment rate was 13.6% [95% CI (confidence interval), 4.9-23.0] higher and the default ...
Swain J P - - 2004
The prevalence rate of leprosy among household contacts is an important epidemiological indicator in the character and trend of the disease. During the period January 2001 to December 2002, families of 400 primary cases were studied to detect contact (secondary) cases. Seventy-two cases were detected from 54 families; of these ...
Mohty Anne-Marie - - 2004
Inflammation of subcutaneous tissue (panniculitis) may occur in association with tuberculosis, but so far only three cases of non-tuberculous mycobacteria-related lobular panniculitis have been reported. We describe two new cases with marked cellular immunity failure due to hypercorticism. Clinical presentation did not differ significantly from lobular panniculitis of other aetiologies. ...
Yun L W H - - 2003
SETTING: Homelessness is an important risk factor for tuberculosis (TB). Health departments often fail to identify contacts for homeless TB cases, but little else is known about the outcome of contact investigations for these cases. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcomes of identification, tuberculin skin testing (TST), clinical evaluation and treatment ...
Chisi J E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the profile of leprosy cases at Nkhotakota District Hospital in Central Region of Malawi. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study of all registered cases of leprosy from records over a nine year period (January 1992 to April 2001) SETTING: Nkhotakota District Hospital-Central Region of Malawi. RESULTS: In total 526 ...
Jereb J - - 2003
SETTING: Twenty-nine United States jurisdictions. OBJECTIVE: To determine yields of tuberculosis (TB) contact investigations. METHODS: Health departments within the jurisdictions reported counts and outcomes from routine contact investigations for cases reported in 1999. RESULTS: The 29 jurisdictions reported 9199 TB cases, 51.9% of the US and Puerto Rico 1999 total, ...
Ilic M - - 2003
AIM: To assess the trends and pattern of tuberculosis in Vojvodina, Yugoslavia. METHODS: Using a retrospective design, data on 393 diagnosed TB cases were investigated for the years 1987, 1993 and 2000. RESULTS: TB case notification has been increasing in Vojvodina. The number of reported TB cases was 146 in ...
Subramanian M - - 2003
In India there is a dramatic fall in the prevalence rate (PR) of leprosy, but the new case-detection rate (NCDR) has not been reduced concomitantly. It is the operational efficiency of the National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) that has led to a significant reduction in the NCDR in Andhra Pradesh ...
Nguyen Dao - - 2003
In low-incidence countries targeting tuberculosis (TB) elimination, TB remains a problem of a few high-risk groups. In Canada, Aboriginals, and particularly the Arctic Inuit communities, have witnessed dramatic decreases in TB during the 1960s to 1970s, but rates remain at least 10 to 20 times higher than the national average. ...
Nayak Sujata - - 2003
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of 32 HIV-positive cases presenting with lymphadenopathy was performed to evaluate its role in this group of patients. For each case air-dried smears were stained with Leishman, hematoxylin and eosin, and Zeihl-Neelsen stains for acid fast bacilli (AFB). The results were tuberculous (TB) lymphadenopathy (15), reactive ...
Munckhof W J - - 2003
SETTING: New cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) were noted in a cluster of young Caucasian males, an unusual ethnic group for this disease in Queensland, Australia. It was noted that marijuana water pipe ('bong') smoking was common amongst cases and contacts. OBJECTIVE: To report this cluster of TB and to ...
Park Jae-Won - - 2003
Vivax malaria reemerged in the Republic of Korea in 1993. Most of the cases occurred among soldiers in the region adjacent to the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) until 1995. To determine the rate of dispersion of vivax malaria, we evaluated its epidemiologic characteristics. Of 13,903 cases of vivax malaria reported in ...
Suman Appukuttan - - 2003
We report a case of an 80-year-old caucasian female in the UK who presented with weight loss and was found to have a pericardial effusion. There was neither previous exposure to tuberculosis nor any suggestion of immunosuppression. Repeated analysis of pericardial fluid established a tuberculous origin. Search of medical literature ...
Kaushik Robin - - 2003
Tuberculosis and carcinoma of the colon rarely coexist. We report 2 such cases and review the available literature. Since the potential for misdiagnosis is high in such patients and a preoperative diagnosis of coexistence is usually not possible, important questions regarding the management of patient with a diagnosis of either ...
Karthikeyan K - - 2003
The objectives of our study were to describe and analyse the malignancies that occurred in plantar ulcers of leprosy patients. The possible predisposing conditions, duration and extent of the spread of the tumour were also studied. All patients with trophic ulcer of the foot attending the urban leprosy clinic in ...
Jacob Sunitha - - 2003
Necrotising post surgical granulomatous prostatitis following transurethral resection of the prostate is a poorly recognized entity. It is often mistaken for other conditions like tuberculosis, allergic granulomatous prostatitis, etc. This case is being reported in order to increase the awareness of this condition. The relevant literature has also been reviewed.
Park Keeho - - 2003
Plasmodium vivax malaria is an important cause of morbidity among troops operating in endemic areas near the Demilitarized Zone in the Republic of Korea (ROK). The ROK Army has been administering antimalarial chemoprophylaxis to those troops at greatest risk of malaria since 1997. The number of recipients increased from 15000 ...
Modi Charusmita - - 2003
Reactive histiocytosis with hemophagocytosis is most commonly associated with viral infections. Appearance of hemophagocytosis in the tissues is associated with a rapid progression of the underlying disease, and therefore it is important to diagnose and treat the etiological factor at the earliest. Hemophagocytosis is uncommonly associated with tuberculosis and we ...
Póvoa Marinete M - - 2003
An evaluation of malaria transmission and epidemiology in the Amazonian city of Belém over the last 70 years shows that (1) Anopheles darlingi, reported to be eradicated in 1968, reappeared in the mid 1990s, with a marked increase in abundance between 1997 to 1999 in two of three districts sampled; ...
Chen Shumin - - 2003
After more than 40 yrs of effort, leprosy is finally under control in Shandong province with only 50 to 70 new cases detected each year in the past 10 yrs. Contact examination is still compulsory and household contacts will be followed for 5 to 10 yrs, as directed by the ...
Rizzo Paolo Boscolo - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Clinical description of laryngeal tuberculosis. METHODS: Clinical case review. RESULTS: The authors report three cases of laryngeal tuberculosis with lung involvement in HIV-negative patients; symptoms were mostly laryngeal. Diagnosis was made in all cases through laryngeal biopsy and examination of the sputum. Patients fully recovered after being given standard ...
Lienhardt Christian - - 2003
Few studies have investigated the risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) infection in highly endemic countries. We conducted a household study in The Gambia, in which a tuberculin skin test (TST) was performed in members of the households of 315 smear-positive pulmonary TB cases and 305 community control subjects. The risk ...
Quy H T - - 2003
SETTING: Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact on case detection of a public-private mix (PPM) project linking private providers (PPs) to the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP). METHOD: Nine-month monitoring of referral and diagnostic data recorded in new referral forms and treatment cards for PPs and ...
Okutan Oguzhan - - 2003
We assessed whether acid fast bacilli (AFB) determination in gastric lavage (GL) and bronchial lavage (BL) contributes to diagnosis in cases radiologically suggestive of pulmonary tuberculosis but with either negative AFB in sputum or the inability to expectorate sputum. Of 129 cases recruited for the study, 22 were excluded due ...
Singh H - - 2003
The objective of this preliminary study was to evaluate the usefulness of the intradermal smear test in the diagnosis of malaria. One hundred cases of suspected malaria (having received no prior antimalarials) were investigated. Both peripheral blood film (PBF) and intradermal smears (IDS) were simultaneously prepared and patients placed on ...
Cortes H - - 2003
The current situation of endemic malaria in Mauritania is not clear since, in most health centres, suspected malaria cases are not confirmed by parasitological analysis and diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms alone. To obtain reliable data about malaria in this country, thin and thick blood smears were taken from ...
Sharma S C - - 2003
Tuberculosis involving the sphenoid sinus is an unusual entity. Two cases of sphenoid tuberculosis in the pediatric age group are described along with a review of literature. In both cases, MRI was performed for radiological assessment followed by endoscopic biopsy to establish tissue diagnosis. The patients received antitubercular therapy and ...
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