Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 728
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Grover Chander - - 2005
The coexistence of leprosy with neurofibromatosis is a rare finding and can pose a diagnostic dilemma. Neurofibromatosis coexisting with borderline tuberculoid leprosy has previously not been reported. We report such a case in a 13-year-old boy where biopsy of clinically uninvolved nerve revealed the presence of acid-fast bacilli. A careful ...
Foo C C I - - 2005
Tuberculosis verrucosa cutis (TBVC) is a paucibacillary form of cutaneous tuberculosis caused by exogenous re-infection in previously sensitized individuals. Here, we report an unusual case of TBVC in a 53-year-old Chinese woman that had been present for 44 years and resulted in fixed-flexion deformity of her arm and functional disability. ...
Cave M D - - 2005
Isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from patients with epidemiologic links frequently demonstrate identical IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns (i.e., RFLP clustering) because they are infected with the same strain. Uncertainty arises with isolates that differ from one another by a few IS6110 hybridizing bands. During the period from 1 ...
Kotwal Russ S - - 2005
CONTEXT: With numerous US military personnel currently deployed throughout the world, military and civilian health care professionals may encounter imported malaria from this population. OBJECTIVE: To identify malaria in US Army personnel deployed to a combat zone. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Case series in the US Army health care system. ...
Khazaei Hossein Ali - - 2005
In order to study the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in Zabol, situated in the Southeast of Iran, this study was performed. Two thousand seven hundred and twenty-nine cases of tuberculosis disease were identified during 1998-2002. The notification rate was 135/100,000 population in 2002, which was higher than this rate in ...
Potolidis Evangelos - - 2005
The case of a 30-y-old male with latent tuberculosis who developed chemical hepatitis requiring hospitalization after 50 d of treatment with rifampin and pyrazinamide is reported. This case justifies the CDC guidelines that were updated on 31 August 2003 advising against the use of this brief regimen for patients with ...
Bonnard Philippe - - 2005
Malaria is the most frequent cause of fever among travellers returning from tropical countries. Each year about 7000 cases are notified in France, of which 90% are due to Plasmodium falciparum. We describe the case of a Caucasian female patient with no previous exposure to malaria in whom splenic infarction ...
Sahu T - - 2005
Four Modified Leprosy Elimination Campaigns (MLECs) were conducted in Orissa by March 2003. Their impact on various leprosy indicators was analyzed. More than 70% of the people of the State were examined during these campaigns. The suspect rate decreased from 1.44% to 0.37% towards the fourth MLEC. About 15% of ...
Sithiprasasna Ratana - - 2005
We mapped overall malaria cases and located each field observed major malaria vector breeding habitat using Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments from September 2000 to October 2003 around the three malaria-endemic villages of Ban Khun Huay, Ban Pa Dae, and Ban Tham Seau, Mae Sod district, Tak Province, Thailand. The ...
Glynn Judith R - - 2005
In a 7-year population-based study in Malawi, we showed that Beijing genotype tuberculosis (TB) increased as a proportion of TB cases. All the Beijing genotype strains were fully drug sensitive. Contact histories, TB type, and case-fatality rates were similar for Beijing and non-Beijing genotype TB.
Agarwal Ritesh - - 2005
Tuberculosis (TB) is a common public health problem in many parts of the world. TB is generally believed to spare these four organs-heart, skeletal muscle, thyroid and pancreas. We describe a rare case of myocardial TB diagnosed on a post-mortem cardiac biopsy. Patient presented with history suggestive of congestive heart ...
D'odemont J P JP Service de Pneumologie, CHR St Joseph-Warquignies, 5-Avenue Baudouin de Constantinople 7000 Mons, - - 2005
We report here the case of a young Chinese woman with cryptic miliary tuberculosis associated with acute hepatitis, pancytopenia, biological disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and hyponatremia. Following the introduction of a classic tuberculostatic treatment, her general status quickly improved. After an extensive review of the literature, this is, to the ...
Craig M H - - 2004
Large parts of Africa are prone to malaria epidemics. Advance epidemic warning would give health services an opportunity to prepare. Because malaria transmission is largely limited by climate, climate-based epidemic warning systems are a real possibility. To develop and test such a system, good long-term malaria and climate data are ...
LoBue Philip A - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of a tuberculosis (TB) screening program for recent immigrants to San Diego County, CA, and to compare the demographic and clinical characteristics of pulmonary TB cases occurring in recently arrived foreign-born persons detected through this screening with those of similar cases found through routine ...
Lyke K E - - 2004
Inflammatory cytokines play an important role in human immune responses to malarial disease. However, the role of these mediators in disease pathogenesis, and the relationship between host protection and injury remains unclear. A total of 248 cases of severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria among children aged 3 months to 14 years ...
Leder Karin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a common and important infection in travelers. METHODS: We have examined data reported to the GeoSentinel surveillance network to highlight characteristics of malaria in travelers. RESULTS: A total of 1140 malaria cases were reported (60% of cases were due to Plasmodium falciparum, 24% were due to Plasmodium ...
Demar Magalie - - 2004
Some of the immunologic mechanisms involved in malaria physiopathology remain unclear. In animals, the spleen seems to play a key role in protecting the host against malaria. However, little is known about the effect of spleen dysfunction on human malaria. We report two severe cases of Plasmodium falciparum infection with ...
Randrianasolo L - - 2004
Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) of pregnant women with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is being considered as a routine practice in Madagascar, mainly to decrease the risks of malaria-associated severe anaemia in the women, and of low birthweight in their babies. There is, however, relatively little information available on the efficacy of SP ...
Foca A - - 2004
Geographical position, an increasing flow of immigrants and refugees coming from regions where malaria is endemic might further increase those cases of malaria imported to Calabria due to travel on military missions, visiting relatives, business and leisure. However, few reports have been published regarding malaria imported into the southern Italian ...
McGinnis James - - 2004
Reported cases of malaria in the Navy and Marine Corps were reviewed from the Naval Disease Reporting System (NDRS) and the Defense Medical Epidemiological Database (DMED). For 1997 through 2000, NDRS identified 62 cases of malaria and DMED identified 162 cases. Further analysis compared NDRS and DMED information with Composite ...
Ciftci F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Precise epidemiological data are essential to increase the efficiency of a tuberculosis (TB) control programme. In some countries significant numbers of TB cases go unrecorded or undetected. We aimed to investigate the incidence of TB in the Turkish Armed Forces (TAF), to obtain more reliable data on the entire ...
Costa Luciano J M - - 2004
Tuberculosis (TB) has been described in association with malignancies including Hodgkin disease (HD). We report three cases of simultaneous occurrence of TB and HD. In two of these cases clinical symptoms improved after TB treatment was instituted and before HD was diagnosed. Fever recurrence in one case and persistence of ...
Curioni M - - 2004
Lymphadenitis is the most common presentation of extra pulmonary tuberculosis, whereas gastrointestinal localization, particularly duodenal involvement, is rare. We report a case of extra pulmonary tuberculosis with association between cervical lymphadenitis and duodenitis with multiple ulcers, not responsive to treatment with protonic pump inhibitors, in a human immunodeficiency virus-seronegative adult ...
BITHIKA DUTTAROY, CHARU AGRAWAL, ...
There has been an increase in disease caused by Non Tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) since the early 1980s. Though ubiquitous in environment, they may act as clinically important pathogens in various conditions. More importantly they are resistant to the conventional anti-tuberculous therapy (ATT) and respond to antibiotics such as quinolones and ...
Pais Anthony V - - 2004
We report a case with abdominal complications of clofazimine treatment which included blackish discolouration of the lymph nodes, omentum and peritoneum. A 44-year-old female with lepromatous leprosy and a history of adverse reaction to clofazimine 2 years previously, presented with rectosigmoid junction adenocarcinoma. Laparotomy revealed an inoperable tumour with pigmentation ...
Choi H J - - 2004
Retinal haemorrhage is often observed in patients with Plasmodium falciparum, especially when combined with cerebral malaria. However, few cases of retinopathy have been reported in P. vivax malaria. Benign tertian malaria has re-emerged among soldiers in the South Korean demilitarized zone since 1993. We report an indigenous case of retinal ...
Jianping Shen - - 2004
To analyse the impact on of case finding of leprosy elimination campaigns (LECs), data on newly detected leprosy cases in a leprosy endemic area were collected before, during and after the year of LEC. The number of new leprosy cases detected during the year of LEC was significantly higher than ...
Aderibigbe A - - 2004
Extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (Tb), a medieval disease, occurs in every part of the body with varying degree of frequency but commonly in the pleural and lymph nodes. When it occurs in bones thoracolumbar vertebrae is the usual site of involvement. Other bones are less involved hence seldomly reported. This ...
Christiansen David C - - 2004
Mycobacterium celatum is a recently described organism. Herein we describe a case of M. celatum lymphadenitis in an immunocompetent child and the first reported case of a M. celatum infection (lung abscess) in a transplant recipient. A literature review identified 19 other cases of M. celatum infection. Fifteen occurred in ...
Shah Snehal - - 2004
Malaria is caused by any of four species of intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, or P. malariae). These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among ...
Kambili Chrispin - - 2004
Two previous reviews summarized the New York Hospital experience with 110 cases of malaria from 1968 to 1990. We have extended these studies to include 59 cases of malaria seen from 1991 to 1999 and analyze trends over the past 30 years. Plasmodium falciparum remains the most common species, 38 ...
Salaniponi Felix M - - 2004
Low case detection rates of new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients globally are a cause for concern. The aim of this study was to determine for patients registered for TB in Malawi the number and percentage who lived in a neighbouring country and the registration, recording and reporting practices for ...
Qidwai Waris - - 2004
A 45 year-old driver presented with a two months history of hoarseness, fever, productive cough, anorexia and weight loss. He chewed tobacco. He was previously seen and treated without benefit by a family Physician and two ear, nose and throat consultants. Crackles were heard in the left scapular region. An ...
- - 2004
During 2003, a total of 14,871 tuberculosis (TB) cases (5.1 cases per 100,000 population) were reported in the United States, representing a 1.4% decrease in cases and a 1.9% decline in the rate from 2002. This decline is the smallest since 1992, when TB incidence peaked after a 7-year resurgence. ...
Ismaeel Abdulrahman Y - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Malaria was eradicated in Bahrain about 20 years ago. However, because of a large immigrant population, cases of imported malaria continued to be seen. This paper presents an evaluation of the data from 1992 to 2001 to assess the levels of indigenous and imported malaria cases and the potential ...
Vengadakrishnan K - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Rheumatic manifestations are a common feature of leprosy. The present study was performed to assess the incidence of rheumatic manifestations in leprosy. METHODS: Seventy cases of leprosy attending the indoor and outdoor departments were studied. RESULTS: Out of the 70 cases studied, rheumatic manifestations were seen in ...
Faggiano F - - 2004
SETTING: Turin, Italy, 1973-1999. OBJECTIVE: To estimate tuberculosis (TB) incidence rates in Turin between 1973 and 1999. DESIGN: Incidence study. An active search of new TB cases was carried out by examining the clinical records of the three major TB care services in the city. New cases were defined as ...
Demar Magalie - - 2004
The resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to antimalarial drugs is one of the most worrisome problems in tropical medicine, but few clinical studies or observations have described confirmed cases of therapeutic failure. We report two cases of in vivo P. falciparum resistance (RIII response) to quinine in French Guiana, an Amazonian ...
Agrawal S K - - 2004
The case of a male patient diagnosed to have lepromatous leprosy with type 2 reaction on multibacillary multidrug therapy, with unusual, widespread involvement of genitalia in the form of plaque and nodules of leprosy over scrotum and perimeatal region of glans, necrotic lesions of erythema nodosum leprosum over scrotum, neuritis ...
Carroll Kevin - - 2004
Outcomes are compared for a district tuberculosis (TB) control programme, before and after DOTS (directly observed therapy short-course) and a computerized register were introduced. There were significant improvements in case holding associated with the interventions. The successful treatment rate was 13.6% [95% CI (confidence interval), 4.9-23.0] higher and the default ...
Swain J P - - 2004
The prevalence rate of leprosy among household contacts is an important epidemiological indicator in the character and trend of the disease. During the period January 2001 to December 2002, families of 400 primary cases were studied to detect contact (secondary) cases. Seventy-two cases were detected from 54 families; of these ...
Mohty Anne-Marie - - 2004
Inflammation of subcutaneous tissue (panniculitis) may occur in association with tuberculosis, but so far only three cases of non-tuberculous mycobacteria-related lobular panniculitis have been reported. We describe two new cases with marked cellular immunity failure due to hypercorticism. Clinical presentation did not differ significantly from lobular panniculitis of other aetiologies. ...
Yun L W H - - 2003
SETTING: Homelessness is an important risk factor for tuberculosis (TB). Health departments often fail to identify contacts for homeless TB cases, but little else is known about the outcome of contact investigations for these cases. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcomes of identification, tuberculin skin testing (TST), clinical evaluation and treatment ...
Chisi J E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the profile of leprosy cases at Nkhotakota District Hospital in Central Region of Malawi. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study of all registered cases of leprosy from records over a nine year period (January 1992 to April 2001) SETTING: Nkhotakota District Hospital-Central Region of Malawi. RESULTS: In total 526 ...
Jereb J - - 2003
SETTING: Twenty-nine United States jurisdictions. OBJECTIVE: To determine yields of tuberculosis (TB) contact investigations. METHODS: Health departments within the jurisdictions reported counts and outcomes from routine contact investigations for cases reported in 1999. RESULTS: The 29 jurisdictions reported 9199 TB cases, 51.9% of the US and Puerto Rico 1999 total, ...
Ilic M - - 2003
AIM: To assess the trends and pattern of tuberculosis in Vojvodina, Yugoslavia. METHODS: Using a retrospective design, data on 393 diagnosed TB cases were investigated for the years 1987, 1993 and 2000. RESULTS: TB case notification has been increasing in Vojvodina. The number of reported TB cases was 146 in ...
Subramanian M - - 2003
In India there is a dramatic fall in the prevalence rate (PR) of leprosy, but the new case-detection rate (NCDR) has not been reduced concomitantly. It is the operational efficiency of the National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) that has led to a significant reduction in the NCDR in Andhra Pradesh ...
Nguyen Dao - - 2003
In low-incidence countries targeting tuberculosis (TB) elimination, TB remains a problem of a few high-risk groups. In Canada, Aboriginals, and particularly the Arctic Inuit communities, have witnessed dramatic decreases in TB during the 1960s to 1970s, but rates remain at least 10 to 20 times higher than the national average. ...
Nayak Sujata - - 2003
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of 32 HIV-positive cases presenting with lymphadenopathy was performed to evaluate its role in this group of patients. For each case air-dried smears were stained with Leishman, hematoxylin and eosin, and Zeihl-Neelsen stains for acid fast bacilli (AFB). The results were tuberculous (TB) lymphadenopathy (15), reactive ...
Munckhof W J - - 2003
SETTING: New cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) were noted in a cluster of young Caucasian males, an unusual ethnic group for this disease in Queensland, Australia. It was noted that marijuana water pipe ('bong') smoking was common amongst cases and contacts. OBJECTIVE: To report this cluster of TB and to ...
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