Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 728
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Vijayakumaran P - - 2006
Multi-drug therapy (MDT) has been successfully implemented in all leprosy endemic countries. Prevalence of leprosy has declined remarkably after the introduction of MDT. Detection of new cases did not show expected decline in many endemic and low endemic situations. Bihar in India started implementing MDT in 1993. The Damien Foundation ...
Baussano I - - 2006
SETTING: Under-ascertainment and under-reporting of tuberculosis (TB) hampers surveillance and control. Case detection is improved by record linkage of case registers and under-reporting can be estimated by capture-recapture (CR) analysis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the completeness of the TB registration systems and estimation of TB incidence and under-reporting in the Piedmont ...
Corby Rodney - - 2006
We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with a mesenteric pseudoaneurysm and abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring multiple blood transfusions. The pseudoaneurysm was treated successfully with transarterial microcoil embolization. Pseudoaneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of tuberculosis and understanding the imaging characteristics and treatment ...
Gopi P G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the yield of tuberculosis (TB) cases by two screening methods. SETTING: Two disease surveys conducted in Tiruvallur, south India. RESULTS: Of bacteriologically confirmed cases, 60% were identified by symptom inquiry alone whereas 82% were identified using chest radiography (CXR). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of TB was underestimated by ...
Kumar Anil - - 2006
In recent years, an increasing MB ratio-trend has been seen in most state reported leprosy data in India and elsewhere. The programme of leprosy all over the world has been integrated with general health system (GHS). This has given rise to gross under reporting of leprosy cases and increasing MB ...
Cattamanchi A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We examined the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in San Francisco during a 13-year period encompassing the peak of TB resurgence and subsequent decline to historic low levels. OBJECTIVE: To compare rates of TB caused either by rapid progression of recent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection or by reactivation of latent ...
Ramsay A - - 2006
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union) recommend direct sputum smear microscopy for tuberculosis (TB) case finding in resource-poor settings. This method is associated with poor sensitivity. Digestion of sputum with bleach prior to smear preparation has been reported to increase ...
Valecha Neena - - 2006
Among the four human malaria parasites, drug resistance occurs mainly in Plasmodium falciparum. However, there are some reports of chloroquine (CQ) resistance in P. vivax from different geographical regions. In India, approximately 50% of a total of 2 million cases of malaria reported annually are due to P. vivax. CQ ...
Guernier Vanina - - 2006
In order to estimate the level of under-reporting and to improve estimates of the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the vicinity of Cayenne, French Guiana, we performed capture-recapture analysis from 1996 through 2003. We cross-linked data from the Institut Pasteur, the Département d'Information Médicale of Cayenne Hospital, and the Service ...
Markou K - - 2006
Laryngeal tuberculosis is a rare extra-pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis, and frequently presents with tumour-like symptoms and clinical findings. Uncommon clinical features are to be expected by the ENT specialist, who should be aware of these recently changing presentations. Despite the dramatic reduction of the incidence of the disease during the ...
Al-Tawfiq Jaffar A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The study describes the epidemiology of malaria in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia and the species of Plasmodium causing the disease and the associated factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the epidemiology of malaria at Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization in Dhahran, Eastern Province of Saudi ...
Jamaiah I - - 2006
This was a five-year retrospective study (1999-2004) on the prevalence of malaria at the Aborigine Hospital, Gombak, Malaysia. A total of 94 malaria cases was analysed. The highest case reports were for the year 2000, with 32 cases (34%), and the lowest was in 2004, with only 1 (1%). The ...
Khawcharoenporn Thana - - 2006
We report a case of dual Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) and Pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii) (PCP) lymphadenitis in a patient with HIV who had been receiving trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) as systemic prophylaxis for PCP. This patient was successfully treated with antituberculosis medications and TMP-SMX. Our review of the literature identified this as the ...
Shamsuzzaman A K - - 2006
The present study was conducted to see the diagnostic efficacy of serum anti-TB IgG antibody detection in adult pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) by ELISA and Immunochromatography test (ICT) method using commercially available diagnostic kit (Pathozyme TB complex and MycoDot test respectively). This case-control study included 48 cases of adult pulmonary TB ...
Ekingen G - - 2006
Skeletal tuberculosis (TB) is usually seen in association with a primary pulmonary focus. However, it is being increasingly recognized that the former may be encountered without the latter, particularly in children. Sternal lesions have been frequently reported in infants, presumably secondary to Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. Herein we report a ...
Rodríguez-Morales Alfonso J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Many countries throughout the world are reporting an increasing number of imported malaria cases. It is now well documented that population movements play an important role in the spread and introduction of malaria infection in nonendemic areas. METHODS: We evaluated the contribution of imported malaria to the overall malaria ...
Surve Talib Y - - 2006
Congenital TB has varied clinical manifestations, and may mimic septicaemia in neonates. Congenital TB is transmitted through the infected placenta via the umbilical vein or inhalation and ingestion of infected amniotic fluid. Endometrial TB usually manifests as infertility; however, congenital TB can be identified in the presence of asymptomatic maternal ...
Sprinson Joan E - - 2006
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened a workgroup to revise the tuberculosis (TB) case report in the United States of America (U.S.). The group proposed substantial revisions. Study objectives were to systematically assess the validity and completeness of reported TB case surveillance data in California and to ...
Jain SK, Stoker DL, ...
A rare case of port-site tuberculosis (first from the UK) following laparoscopic cholecystectomy is reported. This case is unique in the sense, it presented as parietal wall lump instead of a nonhealing port site. In this case, probably the source of infection was reusable trocar laparoscope′s and the mode of ...
Chadha M - - 2006
Report of three unusual cases of coexisting spondylolisthesis and tuberculosis in the same patient. To document the rare occurrence and attempt to postulate the probable reasons for such an association. Tertiary care teaching hospital in a developing country. This communication reports the outcome of three cases where there was spondylolisthesis ...
Mittal Ravi - - 2006
Osteoarticular tuberculosis is rare and affects the knee in about 8% of cases and the patella in less than 0.1%. This study reports a series of five patients who were immunologically competent but living in an endemic area for tuberculosis. Treatment with antituberculous therapy and early mobilization of the knee ...
Rubin Lisa - - 2005
A healthy port worker who had traveled to Azerbaijan 2 years previously was diagnosed with vivax malaria. This is most likely a case of seaport malaria, which has been reported only four times previously. The importance of obtaining a proper occupational, as well as travel, history when evaluating febrile patients ...
Driver Cynthia R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial tuberculosis (TB) transmission has decreased dramatically in New York State since 1992; however, health care workers (HCWs) still compose >3% of TB cases. METHODS: Aggregate surveillance data on incident TB cases from 1994 to 2002 were examined for trends among HCWs. Additional information was available for HCW cases ...
Golub J E - - 2005
Despite a history of remarkable scientific achievements in microbiology and therapeutics, tuberculosis (TB) continues to pose an extraordinary threat to human health. Case finding and treatment of TB disease are the principal means of controlling transmission and reducing incidence. This review presents a historical perspective of active case finding (ACF) ...
Maharaj R R Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa. - - 2005
To determine whether the re-introduction of DDT in KwaZulu-Natal had any effects on malaria transmission in the province. The 2000 malaria epidemic in KwaZulu-Natal has been attributed to pyrethroid-resistant anopheles mosquitoes in the area. Previous studies have shown that these mosquitoes are still susceptible to DDT. To determine whether DDT ...
Al-Raqum Haneen Adel - - 2006
Leprosy is a rare cause of acute polyarthritis. We describe the occurrence of oedema of the hands and feet and acute polyarthritis in the setting of type I (downgrading) lepra reaction in an untreated patient with borderline leprosy. This case report further expands the range of articular manifestations that can ...
Sitalakshmi S - - 2005
The tropical zone is the endemic home for all malarial parasites. Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum are the species that are prevalent commonly in India. Plasmodium malariae is a parasite of both the tropical and subtropical zones, especially West and East Africa, Guiana and parts of India, but its presence ...
Mutha Anubha - - 2005
In an active surveillance study, the bleach concentration method to improve sputum smear microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was applied in chest symptomatics in Mahidpur block of Ujjain district in Madhya Pradesh, India. We purposely selected twenty villages with population of approximately 20,000 individuals. 664 sputum specimens from ...
Yeom Joon-Sup - - 2005
Vivax malaria was endemic on the Korean peninsula for many centuries until the late 1970's when the Republic of Korea (ROK) was declared "malaria free". Since its re-emergence in 1993, the number of malaria cases in the military increased exponentially through 2000 near the demilitarized zone. Chemoprophylaxis with chloroquine and ...
MacNeil Jessica R - - 2005
We sought to describe disparities and trends in tuberculosis (TB) risk factors and treatment outcomes between correctional inmate and noninmate populations. We analyzed data reported to the national TB surveillance system from 1993 through 2003. We compared characteristics between inmate and non-inmate men aged 15-64 years. Of the 210976 total ...
Kaur C - - 2005
Lucio phenomenon is a peculiar reactional state associated with Lucio leprosy; both exhibit a restricted global distribution. The exact underlying pathomechanism of Lucio phenomenon, which may be fatal at times, still needs further elaboration. A case of relapse of partially treated nodular lepromatous leprosy presenting with Lucio phenomenon is reported, ...
Knio K M - - 2005
A total of 6,500 mosquitoes were identified during a two-year survey (1999-2001) in Lebanon, and these belonged to twelve species: Culex pipiens, Cx. laticinctus, Cx. mimeticus, Cx. hortensis, Cx. judaicus, Aedes aegypti, Ae. cretinus, Ochlerotatus caspius, Oc. geniculatus, Oc. pulchritarsis, Culiseta longiareolata and Anopheles claviger. Culex pipiens was the most ...
Yeom Joon-Sup - - 2005
The Republic of Korea experienced a re-emergence of Plasmodium vivax malaria in 1993. The incidence of this disease increased rapidly through 2000 with its geographic distribution expanding from the vicinity near the Demilitarized Zone to the adjacent outlying areas. However, the number of cases of P. vivax malaria since that ...
Kar Bikash Ranjan - - 2005
A 22-year-old male polar lepromatous leprosy patient who became Mitsuda positive after 36 months of multidrug therapy (MDT) is reported. Lepromatous leprosy (LL) is a state of specific immunosuppression and is invariably irreversible. The finding of Mitsuda positivity in histopathologically proven polar lepromatous leprosy is extremely uncommon, and conversion of ...
Kitchen A D - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although uncommon, five cases of transfusion-transmitted malaria have been documented in England over the last 20 years. With the reappearance onto the market of high-quality malaria antibody assays, and by utilizing the results of analysis of these five cases, it has been possible to review the donor ...
Chirch Lisa M - - 2005
We report 2 cases of tuberculous otitis media that were diagnosed at Stony Brook University Hospital in New York since 1999. Both patients were women, aged 30 and 31 years. One patient had grown up in Russia, the other was a native-born American who had never left the East Coast ...
Sehgal Virendra N - - 2005
Lucio's phenomenon/erythema necroticans is a peculiar reaction pattern that occurs in untreated pure primitive diffuse lepromatous leprosy (PPDL) and/or relapsing leprosy recognized as spotted leprosy of Lucio. The small number of reported cases in the world literature suggests that it is fairly uncommon. Its clinical features are fairly characteristic and ...
Ozgul A - - 2005
We report two human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27-positive cases of urogenital tuberculosis (TB) with asymmetric polyarthritis. Stained smears with Ehrlich Ziehl-Neelsen and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) of the ejaculate were positive in both cases, despite negative cultures. Stained smear, culture and PCR results of ...
Granich Reuben M - - 2005
CONTEXT: Between 1994 and 2003, tuberculosis (TB) cases in California declined 33% (4834 to 3224). However, in 2003 California reported the largest number of cases in the nation, and over the past decade the proportion of cases with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has not decreased. OBJECTIVE: To describe the magnitude, trends, ...
Eliades M James - - 2005
Malaria in humans is caused by any of four species of intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, or P. malariae). These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles sp. mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States ...
Boecken Gerhard H - - 2005
Because of the worldwide engagement of the German armed forces, tropical diseases may come to the attention of their medical services. In particular, acquired malarial infections, which sometimes become symptomatic only months or even years after soldiers return from military operations, need to be addressed. Other forces, such as the ...
Lobacheva T - - 2005
The tuberculosis (TB) situation in the Russian penitentiary system has received much attention. We performed a descriptive epidemiological study of TB in two St Petersburg remand prisons (SIZOs). The medical databases of the TB divisions in these prisons were searched for all diagnosed cases of TB from 1 January 2000 ...
Tietz Andreas - - 2005
We report the first case of disseminated infection with both Actinomyces graevenitzii and Mycobacterium tuberculosis and review the medical literature. Concomitant actinomycosis and tuberculosis is very rare. The potential of the facultatively aerobic, newly described A. graevenitzii for disseminated invasive infection needs to be evaluated.
Baruah I - - 2005
Falciparum malaria is an ongoing problem in the foothills of Northeast India. Evaluation of the drug sensitivities of P. falciparum was carried out in four endemic villages of the Sonitpur District of Assam, involving 218 cases who were tested in vivo over 35 days. Chloroquine resistance was detected at the ...
Toprani Amita - - 2005
Between 1992 and 2004, 118 cases of malaria were reported to the Louisiana Office of Public Health. Case surveillance data were collected in response to these case reports. These data are presented and analyzed here. All cases reported in Louisiana were imported from malaria-endemic regions. Despite the fact that malaria ...
Schneider Eileen - - 2005
I examined trends in and epidemiological and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) within the American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) population of the United States and compared TB trends and characteristics in that population with TB trends and characteristics within other racial/ethnic groups. I analyzed all verified cases of TB reported to ...
- - 2005
Human malaria is a parasitic disease caused by four distinct species of intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. The parasites are transmitted to persons by the bite of an infective female Anopheles mosquito and rarely through blood transfusion and congenital transmission. The majority of malarial infections reported in the United ...
Waqar S H - - 2005
Tuberculosis is still very common in developing and under developed countries. Each year, 3 million people die of this disease world wide. Tuberculosis can affect almost any part of body. The commonest presentation of abdominal tuberculosis is ileo-caecal disease, but isolated appendicular involvement is also rarely seen. Although many cases ...
- - 2005
During 2004, a total of 14,511 confirmed tuberculosis (TB) cases (4.9 cases per 100,000 population) were reported in the United States, representing a 3.3% decline in the rate from 2003. Slightly more than half (53.7%) of U.S. cases were in foreign-born persons. This report summarizes data from the national TB ...
Lum Dennis - - 2005
AIMS: To review the cases of tuberculosis found at autopsy in the Auckland Coronial Autopsy Service in the previous 10 years, and compare the results with that of a similar study for the period 1975 to 1992. Cases which were not diagnosed prior to autopsy are scrutinised as to why ...
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