Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 712
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Surve Talib Y - - 2006
Congenital TB has varied clinical manifestations, and may mimic septicaemia in neonates. Congenital TB is transmitted through the infected placenta via the umbilical vein or inhalation and ingestion of infected amniotic fluid. Endometrial TB usually manifests as infertility; however, congenital TB can be identified in the presence of asymptomatic maternal ...
Sprinson Joan E - - 2006
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened a workgroup to revise the tuberculosis (TB) case report in the United States of America (U.S.). The group proposed substantial revisions. Study objectives were to systematically assess the validity and completeness of reported TB case surveillance data in California and to ...
Jain SK, Stoker DL, ...
A rare case of port-site tuberculosis (first from the UK) following laparoscopic cholecystectomy is reported. This case is unique in the sense, it presented as parietal wall lump instead of a nonhealing port site. In this case, probably the source of infection was reusable trocar laparoscope′s and the mode of ...
Chadha M - - 2006
Report of three unusual cases of coexisting spondylolisthesis and tuberculosis in the same patient. To document the rare occurrence and attempt to postulate the probable reasons for such an association. Tertiary care teaching hospital in a developing country. This communication reports the outcome of three cases where there was spondylolisthesis ...
Mittal Ravi - - 2006
Osteoarticular tuberculosis is rare and affects the knee in about 8% of cases and the patella in less than 0.1%. This study reports a series of five patients who were immunologically competent but living in an endemic area for tuberculosis. Treatment with antituberculous therapy and early mobilization of the knee ...
Rubin Lisa - - 2005
A healthy port worker who had traveled to Azerbaijan 2 years previously was diagnosed with vivax malaria. This is most likely a case of seaport malaria, which has been reported only four times previously. The importance of obtaining a proper occupational, as well as travel, history when evaluating febrile patients ...
Driver Cynthia R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial tuberculosis (TB) transmission has decreased dramatically in New York State since 1992; however, health care workers (HCWs) still compose >3% of TB cases. METHODS: Aggregate surveillance data on incident TB cases from 1994 to 2002 were examined for trends among HCWs. Additional information was available for HCW cases ...
Golub J E - - 2005
Despite a history of remarkable scientific achievements in microbiology and therapeutics, tuberculosis (TB) continues to pose an extraordinary threat to human health. Case finding and treatment of TB disease are the principal means of controlling transmission and reducing incidence. This review presents a historical perspective of active case finding (ACF) ...
Maharaj R R Malaria Research Programme, Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa. - - 2005
To determine whether the re-introduction of DDT in KwaZulu-Natal had any effects on malaria transmission in the province. The 2000 malaria epidemic in KwaZulu-Natal has been attributed to pyrethroid-resistant anopheles mosquitoes in the area. Previous studies have shown that these mosquitoes are still susceptible to DDT. To determine whether DDT ...
Al-Raqum Haneen Adel - - 2006
Leprosy is a rare cause of acute polyarthritis. We describe the occurrence of oedema of the hands and feet and acute polyarthritis in the setting of type I (downgrading) lepra reaction in an untreated patient with borderline leprosy. This case report further expands the range of articular manifestations that can ...
Sitalakshmi S - - 2005
The tropical zone is the endemic home for all malarial parasites. Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum are the species that are prevalent commonly in India. Plasmodium malariae is a parasite of both the tropical and subtropical zones, especially West and East Africa, Guiana and parts of India, but its presence ...
Mutha Anubha - - 2005
In an active surveillance study, the bleach concentration method to improve sputum smear microscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was applied in chest symptomatics in Mahidpur block of Ujjain district in Madhya Pradesh, India. We purposely selected twenty villages with population of approximately 20,000 individuals. 664 sputum specimens from ...
Yeom Joon-Sup - - 2005
Vivax malaria was endemic on the Korean peninsula for many centuries until the late 1970's when the Republic of Korea (ROK) was declared "malaria free". Since its re-emergence in 1993, the number of malaria cases in the military increased exponentially through 2000 near the demilitarized zone. Chemoprophylaxis with chloroquine and ...
MacNeil Jessica R - - 2005
We sought to describe disparities and trends in tuberculosis (TB) risk factors and treatment outcomes between correctional inmate and noninmate populations. We analyzed data reported to the national TB surveillance system from 1993 through 2003. We compared characteristics between inmate and non-inmate men aged 15-64 years. Of the 210976 total ...
Kaur C - - 2005
Lucio phenomenon is a peculiar reactional state associated with Lucio leprosy; both exhibit a restricted global distribution. The exact underlying pathomechanism of Lucio phenomenon, which may be fatal at times, still needs further elaboration. A case of relapse of partially treated nodular lepromatous leprosy presenting with Lucio phenomenon is reported, ...
Knio K M - - 2005
A total of 6,500 mosquitoes were identified during a two-year survey (1999-2001) in Lebanon, and these belonged to twelve species: Culex pipiens, Cx. laticinctus, Cx. mimeticus, Cx. hortensis, Cx. judaicus, Aedes aegypti, Ae. cretinus, Ochlerotatus caspius, Oc. geniculatus, Oc. pulchritarsis, Culiseta longiareolata and Anopheles claviger. Culex pipiens was the most ...
Yeom Joon-Sup - - 2005
The Republic of Korea experienced a re-emergence of Plasmodium vivax malaria in 1993. The incidence of this disease increased rapidly through 2000 with its geographic distribution expanding from the vicinity near the Demilitarized Zone to the adjacent outlying areas. However, the number of cases of P. vivax malaria since that ...
Kar Bikash Ranjan - - 2005
A 22-year-old male polar lepromatous leprosy patient who became Mitsuda positive after 36 months of multidrug therapy (MDT) is reported. Lepromatous leprosy (LL) is a state of specific immunosuppression and is invariably irreversible. The finding of Mitsuda positivity in histopathologically proven polar lepromatous leprosy is extremely uncommon, and conversion of ...
Kitchen A D - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although uncommon, five cases of transfusion-transmitted malaria have been documented in England over the last 20 years. With the reappearance onto the market of high-quality malaria antibody assays, and by utilizing the results of analysis of these five cases, it has been possible to review the donor ...
Chirch Lisa M - - 2005
We report 2 cases of tuberculous otitis media that were diagnosed at Stony Brook University Hospital in New York since 1999. Both patients were women, aged 30 and 31 years. One patient had grown up in Russia, the other was a native-born American who had never left the East Coast ...
Sehgal Virendra N - - 2005
Lucio's phenomenon/erythema necroticans is a peculiar reaction pattern that occurs in untreated pure primitive diffuse lepromatous leprosy (PPDL) and/or relapsing leprosy recognized as spotted leprosy of Lucio. The small number of reported cases in the world literature suggests that it is fairly uncommon. Its clinical features are fairly characteristic and ...
Ozgul A - - 2005
We report two human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27-positive cases of urogenital tuberculosis (TB) with asymmetric polyarthritis. Stained smears with Ehrlich Ziehl-Neelsen and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) of the ejaculate were positive in both cases, despite negative cultures. Stained smear, culture and PCR results of ...
Granich Reuben M - - 2005
CONTEXT: Between 1994 and 2003, tuberculosis (TB) cases in California declined 33% (4834 to 3224). However, in 2003 California reported the largest number of cases in the nation, and over the past decade the proportion of cases with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has not decreased. OBJECTIVE: To describe the magnitude, trends, ...
Eliades M James - - 2005
Malaria in humans is caused by any of four species of intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, or P. malariae). These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles sp. mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States ...
Boecken Gerhard H - - 2005
Because of the worldwide engagement of the German armed forces, tropical diseases may come to the attention of their medical services. In particular, acquired malarial infections, which sometimes become symptomatic only months or even years after soldiers return from military operations, need to be addressed. Other forces, such as the ...
Lobacheva T - - 2005
The tuberculosis (TB) situation in the Russian penitentiary system has received much attention. We performed a descriptive epidemiological study of TB in two St Petersburg remand prisons (SIZOs). The medical databases of the TB divisions in these prisons were searched for all diagnosed cases of TB from 1 January 2000 ...
Tietz Andreas - - 2005
We report the first case of disseminated infection with both Actinomyces graevenitzii and Mycobacterium tuberculosis and review the medical literature. Concomitant actinomycosis and tuberculosis is very rare. The potential of the facultatively aerobic, newly described A. graevenitzii for disseminated invasive infection needs to be evaluated.
Baruah I - - 2005
Falciparum malaria is an ongoing problem in the foothills of Northeast India. Evaluation of the drug sensitivities of P. falciparum was carried out in four endemic villages of the Sonitpur District of Assam, involving 218 cases who were tested in vivo over 35 days. Chloroquine resistance was detected at the ...
Toprani Amita - - 2005
Between 1992 and 2004, 118 cases of malaria were reported to the Louisiana Office of Public Health. Case surveillance data were collected in response to these case reports. These data are presented and analyzed here. All cases reported in Louisiana were imported from malaria-endemic regions. Despite the fact that malaria ...
Schneider Eileen - - 2005
I examined trends in and epidemiological and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) within the American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) population of the United States and compared TB trends and characteristics in that population with TB trends and characteristics within other racial/ethnic groups. I analyzed all verified cases of TB reported to ...
- - 2005
Human malaria is a parasitic disease caused by four distinct species of intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. The parasites are transmitted to persons by the bite of an infective female Anopheles mosquito and rarely through blood transfusion and congenital transmission. The majority of malarial infections reported in the United ...
Waqar S H - - 2005
Tuberculosis is still very common in developing and under developed countries. Each year, 3 million people die of this disease world wide. Tuberculosis can affect almost any part of body. The commonest presentation of abdominal tuberculosis is ileo-caecal disease, but isolated appendicular involvement is also rarely seen. Although many cases ...
- - 2005
During 2004, a total of 14,511 confirmed tuberculosis (TB) cases (4.9 cases per 100,000 population) were reported in the United States, representing a 3.3% decline in the rate from 2003. Slightly more than half (53.7%) of U.S. cases were in foreign-born persons. This report summarizes data from the national TB ...
Lum Dennis - - 2005
AIMS: To review the cases of tuberculosis found at autopsy in the Auckland Coronial Autopsy Service in the previous 10 years, and compare the results with that of a similar study for the period 1975 to 1992. Cases which were not diagnosed prior to autopsy are scrutinised as to why ...
Grover Chander - - 2005
The coexistence of leprosy with neurofibromatosis is a rare finding and can pose a diagnostic dilemma. Neurofibromatosis coexisting with borderline tuberculoid leprosy has previously not been reported. We report such a case in a 13-year-old boy where biopsy of clinically uninvolved nerve revealed the presence of acid-fast bacilli. A careful ...
Foo C C I - - 2005
Tuberculosis verrucosa cutis (TBVC) is a paucibacillary form of cutaneous tuberculosis caused by exogenous re-infection in previously sensitized individuals. Here, we report an unusual case of TBVC in a 53-year-old Chinese woman that had been present for 44 years and resulted in fixed-flexion deformity of her arm and functional disability. ...
Cave M D - - 2005
Isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from patients with epidemiologic links frequently demonstrate identical IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns (i.e., RFLP clustering) because they are infected with the same strain. Uncertainty arises with isolates that differ from one another by a few IS6110 hybridizing bands. During the period from 1 ...
Kotwal Russ S - - 2005
CONTEXT: With numerous US military personnel currently deployed throughout the world, military and civilian health care professionals may encounter imported malaria from this population. OBJECTIVE: To identify malaria in US Army personnel deployed to a combat zone. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Case series in the US Army health care system. ...
Khazaei Hossein Ali - - 2005
In order to study the epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in Zabol, situated in the Southeast of Iran, this study was performed. Two thousand seven hundred and twenty-nine cases of tuberculosis disease were identified during 1998-2002. The notification rate was 135/100,000 population in 2002, which was higher than this rate in ...
Potolidis Evangelos - - 2005
The case of a 30-y-old male with latent tuberculosis who developed chemical hepatitis requiring hospitalization after 50 d of treatment with rifampin and pyrazinamide is reported. This case justifies the CDC guidelines that were updated on 31 August 2003 advising against the use of this brief regimen for patients with ...
Bonnard Philippe - - 2005
Malaria is the most frequent cause of fever among travellers returning from tropical countries. Each year about 7000 cases are notified in France, of which 90% are due to Plasmodium falciparum. We describe the case of a Caucasian female patient with no previous exposure to malaria in whom splenic infarction ...
Sahu T - - 2005
Four Modified Leprosy Elimination Campaigns (MLECs) were conducted in Orissa by March 2003. Their impact on various leprosy indicators was analyzed. More than 70% of the people of the State were examined during these campaigns. The suspect rate decreased from 1.44% to 0.37% towards the fourth MLEC. About 15% of ...
Sithiprasasna Ratana - - 2005
We mapped overall malaria cases and located each field observed major malaria vector breeding habitat using Global Positioning System (GPS) instruments from September 2000 to October 2003 around the three malaria-endemic villages of Ban Khun Huay, Ban Pa Dae, and Ban Tham Seau, Mae Sod district, Tak Province, Thailand. The ...
Glynn Judith R - - 2005
In a 7-year population-based study in Malawi, we showed that Beijing genotype tuberculosis (TB) increased as a proportion of TB cases. All the Beijing genotype strains were fully drug sensitive. Contact histories, TB type, and case-fatality rates were similar for Beijing and non-Beijing genotype TB.
Agarwal Ritesh - - 2005
Tuberculosis (TB) is a common public health problem in many parts of the world. TB is generally believed to spare these four organs-heart, skeletal muscle, thyroid and pancreas. We describe a rare case of myocardial TB diagnosed on a post-mortem cardiac biopsy. Patient presented with history suggestive of congestive heart ...
D'odemont J P JP Service de Pneumologie, CHR St Joseph-Warquignies, 5-Avenue Baudouin de Constantinople 7000 Mons, - - 2005
We report here the case of a young Chinese woman with cryptic miliary tuberculosis associated with acute hepatitis, pancytopenia, biological disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and hyponatremia. Following the introduction of a classic tuberculostatic treatment, her general status quickly improved. After an extensive review of the literature, this is, to the ...
Craig M H - - 2004
Large parts of Africa are prone to malaria epidemics. Advance epidemic warning would give health services an opportunity to prepare. Because malaria transmission is largely limited by climate, climate-based epidemic warning systems are a real possibility. To develop and test such a system, good long-term malaria and climate data are ...
LoBue Philip A - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of a tuberculosis (TB) screening program for recent immigrants to San Diego County, CA, and to compare the demographic and clinical characteristics of pulmonary TB cases occurring in recently arrived foreign-born persons detected through this screening with those of similar cases found through routine ...
Lyke K E - - 2004
Inflammatory cytokines play an important role in human immune responses to malarial disease. However, the role of these mediators in disease pathogenesis, and the relationship between host protection and injury remains unclear. A total of 248 cases of severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria among children aged 3 months to 14 years ...
Leder Karin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a common and important infection in travelers. METHODS: We have examined data reported to the GeoSentinel surveillance network to highlight characteristics of malaria in travelers. RESULTS: A total of 1140 malaria cases were reported (60% of cases were due to Plasmodium falciparum, 24% were due to Plasmodium ...
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