Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 728
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Riekstina V - - 2007
International guidelines for treatment outcome analysis of tuberculosis cases have been published and are widely used. They do not, however, fully address the incorporation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases. Here we present an approach to cohort analysis of treatment outcomes for all registered TB cases, including MDR-TB cases. We analyzed ...
Martins M D - - 2007
AIM: The aim of the present study was to clinically evaluate the oral mucosa lesions of leprosy patients during and after multi-drug therapy. METHODS: Clinical examination, medical and dental history examination was performed in 100 leprosy patients. RESULTS: The results revealed that 71 patients, 50 men and 21 women, exibited ...
Price Laura - - 2007
Plasmodium vivax infection can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This complication of P. vivax infection is being increasingly recognised and was life threatening in a traveller returning from Gujarat, India. Nineteen other published cases of P. vivax with respiratory symptoms are also reviewed and confirm that ARDS was the ...
Porphyre Thibaud - - 2007
We describe the temporal and geographical distribution of confirmed cases of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in a population of cattle in the south-east of the North Island of New Zealand. Data were derived from routine TB testing conducted between 1980 and 2003 and included details for 69 farms. Four six-year periods ...
Shanbhag Vasudev - - 2007
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection of a total joint prosthesis in patients with previous pulmonary or osteoarticular tuberculosis is well recorded in literature. We describe the case of a 59-year-old woman with tuberculous infection complicating a total hip arthroplasty 15 months after surgery for osteoarthritis. The patient had no prior history of ...
Adio A O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bilateral pneumoblepharon or palpebral emphysema is an unusual presentation of tuberculosis which is a fairly common disease condition. METHOD: The case record of a four year old Nigerian female presenting with bilateral pneumoblepharon secondary to tuberculosis with a review of literature on the subject is presented. RESULT: Palpebral emphysema ...
Mishra S K - - 2007
Although the clinical picture of cerebral malaria in children has been reported extensively, scant information is available about cerebral malaria in adults. This report relates to one of the largest series of adult cases of cerebral malaria patients ever described. At Rourkela, in eastern India, 526 adults (aged >12 years) ...
- - 2007
The worldwide emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) and a provisional definition for this form of TB were first reported in November 2005. A more detailed description of these findings and preliminary data from the U.S. National TB Surveillance System (NTSS) were published in 2006. The U.S. data indicated ...
Merritt Tony D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To characterise a pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cluster in the Hunter Area of New South Wales using a combination of traditional epidemiological methods and molecular typing. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Review of all notifications of TB in the Hunter Area between January 1994 and June 2005, with a detailed analysis ...
van Genderen Perry J J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In Europe, atovaquone/proguanil (A/P) is only licensed for malaria prophylaxis for 28 days of travel. Data on the long-term safety and tolerance in nonimmune travelers are scarce. METHODS: We initiated a prospective observational study on ailments reported by travelers using A/P on a long-term basis. Ailments were recorded on ...
Chen Shumin - - 2007
The prevalence of leprosy fell below 1 per 100,000 in Shandong province in 1994. Since then, a few incident leprosy cases have been reported each year over the past 10 years. In order to explore whether or not the reduction in case detection in the province was due to the ...
Kim Areum - - 2007
Splenic infarction is a rare complication in malaria cases, and is caused primarily by Plasmodium falciparum. Recently in South Korea, only P. vivax has prevailed since 1993. Although the probability that symptomatic splenic infarction may occur in vivax malaria cases is considered relatively high, there have never been any case ...
Roche Paul - - 2007
The National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System received 1,072 tuberculosis (TB) notifications in 2005, of which 1,022 were new cases and 50 were relapses. The incidence of TB in Australia was 5.3 cases per 100,000 population in 2005 and has remained at a stable rate since 1985. The high-incidence groups remain ...
Yano Shuichi - - 2007
Transient worsening of tuberculosis (TB) symptomatology and lesions in response to anti-TB therapy has previously been reported as paradoxical worsening. Recently, paradoxical worsening of TB following antiretroviral therapy in AIDS patients was reported. However, paradoxical worsening of nontuberculous mycobacterium, including Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus), has not been reported previously. We ...
Rathnam Priya Joy - - 2007
The epidemiology of malaria among U.S. government personnel attached to diplomatic posts has not been reported. We reviewed malaria surveillance reports on persons with onset of symptoms between January 1988 and December 2004. Among 684 slide-proven cases, the median age was 36 years. There were 565 (82.6%) cases of Plasmodium ...
Boggild Andrea K - - 2007
The fixed dose combination of atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride, marketed under the trade name Malarone, is the most recently approved agent in North America for the prevention and treatment of chloroquine- and multi-drug resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In both adult and pediatric populations, atovaquone-proguanil demonstrates consistently high protective efficacy against ...
Haddad Maryam B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As tuberculosis incidence declines in the United States, a new tool for TB control efforts is Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotyping. Colorado, Iowa, Montana, New Hampshire, West Virginia, and Wisconsin began routine genotyping of all culture-confirmed TB cases in October 2000. METHODS: M. tuberculosis isolates from cases reported October 2000 through ...
Agarwal Ritesh - - 2007
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), complications of P. falciparum malaria are associated with a very high mortality but are rarely seen in P. vivax malaria. Herein, we report a 28-year old woman who developed ARDS after infection with P. vivax. In a systematic review the ...
Ignotti E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Leprosy household contact investigation has been recommended as an epidemiological surveillance strategy for more than 50 years. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the yield that could be achieved in case detection if four contacts could be examined for every case found. METHODS: For the estimation ...
Martin Allaby - - 2007
The purpose of the paper is to show that, despite comprehensive coverage of services for TB provided by a public-private partnership for TB control in Patan, a city in Nepal, case finding is low, compared with the target based on an Annual Risk of Tuberculosis Infection (ARTI) of 4 per ...
Mukhtar M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neonatal malaria was said to be a rare entity However there are increasing reports from many parts of the world about the occurrence of malaria in the newbom. METHODS: A review of the literature on this subject was done with emphasis on developing countries. Literature search was done using ...
Lammie G Alistair - - 2007
Forty years ago Dastur and Udani described a form of diffuse cerebral damage in tuberculosis, which they called tuberculous encephalopathy. Their pathological and clinical observations led them to propose an immune pathogenesis. Although there have been no convincing independently reported series, the entity is now established in the tuberculosis literature. ...
Mathew Soniya - - 2008
PURPOSE: A case of anal tuberculosis with a perianal growth and anal ulceration is presented. The clinical features and the diagnostic problems along with increasing incidence of new cases of tuberculosis are discussed. METHODS: The diagnosis, management and outcome of an adult male patient, who presented with perianal lesions are ...
van den Broek Ingrid - - 2006
The diagnostic capacity of three malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), NOW-Malaria-ICT, OptiMAL-IT, and Paracheck-Pf, was evaluated against expert microscopy in Colombia. We tested 896 patients, of whom microscopy confirmed 139 P. falciparum, 279 P. vivax, and 13 mixed P.f/P.v infections and 465 negatives. Paracheck-Pf and NOW-malaria-ICT were more accurate in ...
Dhammi Ish K - - 2006
Musculoskeletal involvement is seen in only about 1.3% of all patients with tuberculosis. Very few cases of isolated tuberculous synovitis have been reported. The rarity of this condition often leads to the failure to consider tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis, resulting in delayed therapy. We present one such case of ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Malaria is an important vector-borne infectious disease. Many tropical countries are the endemic area of malaria. Thailand, a tropical country in Southeast Asia, is the well-known endemic area for malaria. Although Thailand has a high prevalence of malaria, few cases of congenital malaria were reported in the past. METHODS: ...
Mankoski Raymond E - - 2006
Most autism has a genetic cause although post-encephalitis cases are reported. In a case-series (N = 20) from Tanzania, 14 met research criteria for autism. Three (M:F = 1:2) had normal development to age 22, 35, and 42 months, with onset of autism upon recovery from severe malaria, attended by ...
Driver C R - - 2007
Tuberculosis incidence in New York City (NYC) declined between 1992 and 2000 from 51.1 to 16.6 cases per 100,000 population. In January 2001, universal real-time genotyping of TB cases was implemented in NYC. Isolates from culture-confirmed tuberculosis cases from 2001 to 2003 were genotyped using IS6110 and spoligotype to describe ...
Jackson S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the economic effects of illness on individual tuberculosis (TB) cases in rural China and to use a case-control study to show a strong TB-poverty link. SETTING: In 2002-2004 we studied 160 new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases and 320 age- and sex-matched controls living in neighbouring houses ...
Checchi Francesco - - 2006
Quantitative data on the onset and evolution of malaria epidemics are scarce. We review case studies from recent African Plasmodium falciparum epidemics (Kisii and Gucha Districts, Kenya, 1999; Kayanza Province, Burundi, 2000-2001; Aweil East, southern Sudan, 2003; Gutten and Damot Gale, Ethiopia, 2003-2004). We highlight possible epidemic risk factors and ...
Munsiff S S - - 2006
SETTING: In 1993, the New York City (NYC) Bureau of Tuberculosis Control developed the cohort review process as a quality assurance method to track and improve patient outcomes. METHODS: The Bureau Director reviews every tuberculosis (TB) case quarterly in a multi-disciplinary staff meeting. In 2004 we also began collecting details ...
Nagayama N - - 2006
SETTING: Newly notified cases of tuberculosis (TB) for 5 years (1998 and 2000-2003) in Japan. OBJECTIVE: To study the seasonality of notification for various forms of TB. DESIGN: Descriptive analyses of newly notified cases by month of the year. Seasonal variations were compared among various forms of TB. RESULTS: In ...
Yassin M A - - 2006
SETTINGS: The tuberculosis control programme, southern region of Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the expansion of the DOTS strategy on tuberculosis (TB) case finding and treatment outcome. DESIGN: Reports of TB patients treated since the introduction of DOTS in the region were reviewed. Patients were diagnosed and treated ...
Fournet N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is highly endemic in Rio de Janeiro State prisons. In addition to TB screening at entry and passive case detection, active case identification may be warranted. OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate performances of scores aimed at identifying "tuberculosis suspects" in order to target TB screening among inmates. ...
Atun R A - - 2006
We analysed costs and outcomes of tuberculosis care for patients in a traditional Russian tuberculosis control system, using 3-year retrospective cohort data. Of 1749 cases at 3 years of follow-up, 65% were cured, 11.3% (198/1749) still had 'active' or 'chronic' disease, 10.3% had transferred out of the local civilian health ...
Kehinde A O - - 2006
In apparently healthy individuals, tuberculosis (TB) affects mainly the lungs however, worsening immune status tend to predispose to an increased tendency for extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). We report the case of a 22 year old known sickle cell anaemia (HBS) female student with three-month history of bilateral hip pain, weight loss ...
Falzon D - - 2006
SETTING: Fourteen countries of the European Union (EU). OBJECTIVE: To explore determinants of resistance to isoniazid and rifampicin (multidrug-resistant tuberculosis [MDR-TB]) among tuberculosis (TB) patients in the EU. DESIGN: Pooled TB case notification data for 2003 from the-Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) and Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, ...
Zhang L X - - 2006
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) services in the Municipality of Beijing, China. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of migrants on the epidemiology and management of TB in Beijing. DESIGN: Comparison of information on permanent residents and migrants from routine reports of TB cases registered in Beijing from 1993 to 2005. RESULTS: From ...
Mabaera B - - 2006
SETTING: This study determined the number of slides required to identify one additional case of sputum smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) from the third smear. The study hypothesis was that not more than 100 and 75 slides, respectively, in Mongolia and Zimbabwe, need to be examined to find one additional case of ...
Maung M - - 2006
SETTING: Mandalay Division, Myanmar. AIM: To assess the effect of an initiative to involve private general practitioners (GPs) in the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) and to identify lessons learnt for public-private mix scale-up. METHODS: Source of referral/diagnosis and place of treatment were included in the routine recording and reporting systems ...
Prada Arias M - - 2006
Endobronchial tuberculosis is rare in children, in whom it is usually a complication of primary tuberculosis. Endobronchial involvement may adopt several forms, with granuloma being infrequent. Here we report on 10 cases of endobronchial tuberculous granuloma diagnosed and treated in our Paediatric Surgery Service between 1991 and 2004. In 2 ...
Choudhury A M - - 2006
A prospective study was conducted on 400 cases having clinical manifestation of cutaneous tuberculosis from 1992 to 2001 in the department of Dermatology and Venereology, Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), formerly Institute of Postgraduate Medicine and Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The clinical diagnosis was ...
Ajdukiewicz K M B - - 2007
Over the last two decades there have been numerous reports of primaquine failure in the treatment of Plasmodium vivax extending from the Western Pacific to South East Asia, India and Central and South America. In sub-Saharan Africa only five returning travellers have been reported with relapse of vivax malaria after ...
Goel Madhu Mati - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the nucleic acid amplification (NAA) technique for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) complex from archival fine needle aspirate (FNA) smear scrapings of confirmed cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) for a retrospective diagnosis of EPTB as compared to NAA from fresh FNA material from the same cases. ...
Codrich Daniela - - 2006
Tuberculosis (TB) has been described in association with different malignancies including Hodgkin's disease. However, the association with primary pulmonary Hodgkin's disease (PPHD) is hardly reported in literature and in teenage is quite exceptional. We report a case of an 11 years old boy in whom the diagnosis of tuberculosis preceded ...
Ward David Ian - - 2006
A case is reported of a seven-year-old girl who had concurrent infections with Plasmodium falciparum malaria and dengue in a remote area of East Timor. The diagnosis of malaria was delayed because of two false-negative results with malaria rapid diagnosis test cards. Diagnosis was eventually made on microscopic examination of ...
Wong Jeff S W - - 2006
The present report describes a case of severe airway obstruction caused by endobronchial tuberculosis in an 11-year-old girl who was successfully treated by bronchoscopic balloon dilation. This case illustrates the insidious presentation and the increasingly important role of bronchoscopic intervention in the management of endobronchial tuberculosis. In addition, a brief ...
Soentjens Patrick - - 2006
Mefloquine is indicated as oral treatment and as prophylaxis for malaria in areas where chloroquine-resistant malaria is present. Gastrointestinal and neuropsychiatric side effects of mefloquine are well known. More severe neuropsychiatric disorders such as psychosis, depression, hallucinations, and seizures are also reported in the literature. We are reporting a case ...
Ong G M - - 2006
Malaria is a preventable disease, which is under notified in the U.K. This study sought to evaluate the current surveillance arrangements in Northern Ireland (NI), describe the epidemiology of malaria and make appropriate recommendations. A case was defined as a resident or visitor to NI with laboratory confirmed malaria, diagnosed ...
Xu Bian-Li - - 2006
We analyzed malaria prevalence and evaluated the effect of malaria control measures in Henan Province, People's Republic of China between 1993 and 2004. Data relating to malaria epidemics, malaria control measures and their effects, and vector surveillance between 1993 and 2004 were collected and analyzed. Mean malaria incidence during this ...
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