Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 712
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Haddad Maryam B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: As tuberculosis incidence declines in the United States, a new tool for TB control efforts is Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotyping. Colorado, Iowa, Montana, New Hampshire, West Virginia, and Wisconsin began routine genotyping of all culture-confirmed TB cases in October 2000. METHODS: M. tuberculosis isolates from cases reported October 2000 through ...
Agarwal Ritesh - - 2007
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), complications of P. falciparum malaria are associated with a very high mortality but are rarely seen in P. vivax malaria. Herein, we report a 28-year old woman who developed ARDS after infection with P. vivax. In a systematic review the ...
Ignotti E - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Leprosy household contact investigation has been recommended as an epidemiological surveillance strategy for more than 50 years. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the yield that could be achieved in case detection if four contacts could be examined for every case found. METHODS: For the estimation ...
Martin Allaby - - 2007
The purpose of the paper is to show that, despite comprehensive coverage of services for TB provided by a public-private partnership for TB control in Patan, a city in Nepal, case finding is low, compared with the target based on an Annual Risk of Tuberculosis Infection (ARTI) of 4 per ...
Mukhtar M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neonatal malaria was said to be a rare entity However there are increasing reports from many parts of the world about the occurrence of malaria in the newbom. METHODS: A review of the literature on this subject was done with emphasis on developing countries. Literature search was done using ...
Lammie G Alistair - - 2007
Forty years ago Dastur and Udani described a form of diffuse cerebral damage in tuberculosis, which they called tuberculous encephalopathy. Their pathological and clinical observations led them to propose an immune pathogenesis. Although there have been no convincing independently reported series, the entity is now established in the tuberculosis literature. ...
Mathew Soniya - - 2008
PURPOSE: A case of anal tuberculosis with a perianal growth and anal ulceration is presented. The clinical features and the diagnostic problems along with increasing incidence of new cases of tuberculosis are discussed. METHODS: The diagnosis, management and outcome of an adult male patient, who presented with perianal lesions are ...
van den Broek Ingrid - - 2006
The diagnostic capacity of three malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), NOW-Malaria-ICT, OptiMAL-IT, and Paracheck-Pf, was evaluated against expert microscopy in Colombia. We tested 896 patients, of whom microscopy confirmed 139 P. falciparum, 279 P. vivax, and 13 mixed P.f/P.v infections and 465 negatives. Paracheck-Pf and NOW-malaria-ICT were more accurate in ...
Dhammi Ish K - - 2006
Musculoskeletal involvement is seen in only about 1.3% of all patients with tuberculosis. Very few cases of isolated tuberculous synovitis have been reported. The rarity of this condition often leads to the failure to consider tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis, resulting in delayed therapy. We present one such case of ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Malaria is an important vector-borne infectious disease. Many tropical countries are the endemic area of malaria. Thailand, a tropical country in Southeast Asia, is the well-known endemic area for malaria. Although Thailand has a high prevalence of malaria, few cases of congenital malaria were reported in the past. METHODS: ...
Mankoski Raymond E - - 2006
Most autism has a genetic cause although post-encephalitis cases are reported. In a case-series (N = 20) from Tanzania, 14 met research criteria for autism. Three (M:F = 1:2) had normal development to age 22, 35, and 42 months, with onset of autism upon recovery from severe malaria, attended by ...
Driver C R - - 2007
Tuberculosis incidence in New York City (NYC) declined between 1992 and 2000 from 51.1 to 16.6 cases per 100,000 population. In January 2001, universal real-time genotyping of TB cases was implemented in NYC. Isolates from culture-confirmed tuberculosis cases from 2001 to 2003 were genotyped using IS6110 and spoligotype to describe ...
Jackson S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the economic effects of illness on individual tuberculosis (TB) cases in rural China and to use a case-control study to show a strong TB-poverty link. SETTING: In 2002-2004 we studied 160 new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases and 320 age- and sex-matched controls living in neighbouring houses ...
Checchi Francesco - - 2006
Quantitative data on the onset and evolution of malaria epidemics are scarce. We review case studies from recent African Plasmodium falciparum epidemics (Kisii and Gucha Districts, Kenya, 1999; Kayanza Province, Burundi, 2000-2001; Aweil East, southern Sudan, 2003; Gutten and Damot Gale, Ethiopia, 2003-2004). We highlight possible epidemic risk factors and ...
Munsiff S S - - 2006
SETTING: In 1993, the New York City (NYC) Bureau of Tuberculosis Control developed the cohort review process as a quality assurance method to track and improve patient outcomes. METHODS: The Bureau Director reviews every tuberculosis (TB) case quarterly in a multi-disciplinary staff meeting. In 2004 we also began collecting details ...
Nagayama N - - 2006
SETTING: Newly notified cases of tuberculosis (TB) for 5 years (1998 and 2000-2003) in Japan. OBJECTIVE: To study the seasonality of notification for various forms of TB. DESIGN: Descriptive analyses of newly notified cases by month of the year. Seasonal variations were compared among various forms of TB. RESULTS: In ...
Yassin M A - - 2006
SETTINGS: The tuberculosis control programme, southern region of Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the expansion of the DOTS strategy on tuberculosis (TB) case finding and treatment outcome. DESIGN: Reports of TB patients treated since the introduction of DOTS in the region were reviewed. Patients were diagnosed and treated ...
Fournet N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is highly endemic in Rio de Janeiro State prisons. In addition to TB screening at entry and passive case detection, active case identification may be warranted. OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate performances of scores aimed at identifying "tuberculosis suspects" in order to target TB screening among inmates. ...
Atun R A - - 2006
We analysed costs and outcomes of tuberculosis care for patients in a traditional Russian tuberculosis control system, using 3-year retrospective cohort data. Of 1749 cases at 3 years of follow-up, 65% were cured, 11.3% (198/1749) still had 'active' or 'chronic' disease, 10.3% had transferred out of the local civilian health ...
Kehinde A O - - 2006
In apparently healthy individuals, tuberculosis (TB) affects mainly the lungs however, worsening immune status tend to predispose to an increased tendency for extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). We report the case of a 22 year old known sickle cell anaemia (HBS) female student with three-month history of bilateral hip pain, weight loss ...
Falzon D - - 2006
SETTING: Fourteen countries of the European Union (EU). OBJECTIVE: To explore determinants of resistance to isoniazid and rifampicin (multidrug-resistant tuberculosis [MDR-TB]) among tuberculosis (TB) patients in the EU. DESIGN: Pooled TB case notification data for 2003 from the-Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) and Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, ...
Zhang L X - - 2006
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) services in the Municipality of Beijing, China. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of migrants on the epidemiology and management of TB in Beijing. DESIGN: Comparison of information on permanent residents and migrants from routine reports of TB cases registered in Beijing from 1993 to 2005. RESULTS: From ...
Mabaera B - - 2006
SETTING: This study determined the number of slides required to identify one additional case of sputum smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) from the third smear. The study hypothesis was that not more than 100 and 75 slides, respectively, in Mongolia and Zimbabwe, need to be examined to find one additional case of ...
Maung M - - 2006
SETTING: Mandalay Division, Myanmar. AIM: To assess the effect of an initiative to involve private general practitioners (GPs) in the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) and to identify lessons learnt for public-private mix scale-up. METHODS: Source of referral/diagnosis and place of treatment were included in the routine recording and reporting systems ...
Prada Arias M - - 2006
Endobronchial tuberculosis is rare in children, in whom it is usually a complication of primary tuberculosis. Endobronchial involvement may adopt several forms, with granuloma being infrequent. Here we report on 10 cases of endobronchial tuberculous granuloma diagnosed and treated in our Paediatric Surgery Service between 1991 and 2004. In 2 ...
Choudhury A M - - 2006
A prospective study was conducted on 400 cases having clinical manifestation of cutaneous tuberculosis from 1992 to 2001 in the department of Dermatology and Venereology, Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), formerly Institute of Postgraduate Medicine and Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The clinical diagnosis was ...
Ajdukiewicz K M B - - 2007
Over the last two decades there have been numerous reports of primaquine failure in the treatment of Plasmodium vivax extending from the Western Pacific to South East Asia, India and Central and South America. In sub-Saharan Africa only five returning travellers have been reported with relapse of vivax malaria after ...
Goel Madhu Mati - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the nucleic acid amplification (NAA) technique for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) complex from archival fine needle aspirate (FNA) smear scrapings of confirmed cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) for a retrospective diagnosis of EPTB as compared to NAA from fresh FNA material from the same cases. ...
Codrich Daniela - - 2006
Tuberculosis (TB) has been described in association with different malignancies including Hodgkin's disease. However, the association with primary pulmonary Hodgkin's disease (PPHD) is hardly reported in literature and in teenage is quite exceptional. We report a case of an 11 years old boy in whom the diagnosis of tuberculosis preceded ...
Ward David Ian - - 2006
A case is reported of a seven-year-old girl who had concurrent infections with Plasmodium falciparum malaria and dengue in a remote area of East Timor. The diagnosis of malaria was delayed because of two false-negative results with malaria rapid diagnosis test cards. Diagnosis was eventually made on microscopic examination of ...
Wong Jeff S W - - 2006
The present report describes a case of severe airway obstruction caused by endobronchial tuberculosis in an 11-year-old girl who was successfully treated by bronchoscopic balloon dilation. This case illustrates the insidious presentation and the increasingly important role of bronchoscopic intervention in the management of endobronchial tuberculosis. In addition, a brief ...
Soentjens Patrick - - 2006
Mefloquine is indicated as oral treatment and as prophylaxis for malaria in areas where chloroquine-resistant malaria is present. Gastrointestinal and neuropsychiatric side effects of mefloquine are well known. More severe neuropsychiatric disorders such as psychosis, depression, hallucinations, and seizures are also reported in the literature. We are reporting a case ...
Ong G M - - 2006
Malaria is a preventable disease, which is under notified in the U.K. This study sought to evaluate the current surveillance arrangements in Northern Ireland (NI), describe the epidemiology of malaria and make appropriate recommendations. A case was defined as a resident or visitor to NI with laboratory confirmed malaria, diagnosed ...
Xu Bian-Li - - 2006
We analyzed malaria prevalence and evaluated the effect of malaria control measures in Henan Province, People's Republic of China between 1993 and 2004. Data relating to malaria epidemics, malaria control measures and their effects, and vector surveillance between 1993 and 2004 were collected and analyzed. Mean malaria incidence during this ...
Vijayakumaran P - - 2006
Multi-drug therapy (MDT) has been successfully implemented in all leprosy endemic countries. Prevalence of leprosy has declined remarkably after the introduction of MDT. Detection of new cases did not show expected decline in many endemic and low endemic situations. Bihar in India started implementing MDT in 1993. The Damien Foundation ...
Baussano I - - 2006
SETTING: Under-ascertainment and under-reporting of tuberculosis (TB) hampers surveillance and control. Case detection is improved by record linkage of case registers and under-reporting can be estimated by capture-recapture (CR) analysis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the completeness of the TB registration systems and estimation of TB incidence and under-reporting in the Piedmont ...
Corby Rodney - - 2006
We report a case of a 12-year-old girl with a mesenteric pseudoaneurysm and abdominal tuberculosis presenting with massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring multiple blood transfusions. The pseudoaneurysm was treated successfully with transarterial microcoil embolization. Pseudoaneurysms are a rare and life-threatening complication of tuberculosis and understanding the imaging characteristics and treatment ...
Gopi P G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the yield of tuberculosis (TB) cases by two screening methods. SETTING: Two disease surveys conducted in Tiruvallur, south India. RESULTS: Of bacteriologically confirmed cases, 60% were identified by symptom inquiry alone whereas 82% were identified using chest radiography (CXR). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of TB was underestimated by ...
Kumar Anil - - 2006
In recent years, an increasing MB ratio-trend has been seen in most state reported leprosy data in India and elsewhere. The programme of leprosy all over the world has been integrated with general health system (GHS). This has given rise to gross under reporting of leprosy cases and increasing MB ...
Cattamanchi A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We examined the molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in San Francisco during a 13-year period encompassing the peak of TB resurgence and subsequent decline to historic low levels. OBJECTIVE: To compare rates of TB caused either by rapid progression of recent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection or by reactivation of latent ...
Ramsay A - - 2006
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union) recommend direct sputum smear microscopy for tuberculosis (TB) case finding in resource-poor settings. This method is associated with poor sensitivity. Digestion of sputum with bleach prior to smear preparation has been reported to increase ...
Valecha Neena - - 2006
Among the four human malaria parasites, drug resistance occurs mainly in Plasmodium falciparum. However, there are some reports of chloroquine (CQ) resistance in P. vivax from different geographical regions. In India, approximately 50% of a total of 2 million cases of malaria reported annually are due to P. vivax. CQ ...
Guernier Vanina - - 2006
In order to estimate the level of under-reporting and to improve estimates of the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in the vicinity of Cayenne, French Guiana, we performed capture-recapture analysis from 1996 through 2003. We cross-linked data from the Institut Pasteur, the Département d'Information Médicale of Cayenne Hospital, and the Service ...
Markou K - - 2006
Laryngeal tuberculosis is a rare extra-pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis, and frequently presents with tumour-like symptoms and clinical findings. Uncommon clinical features are to be expected by the ENT specialist, who should be aware of these recently changing presentations. Despite the dramatic reduction of the incidence of the disease during the ...
Al-Tawfiq Jaffar A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The study describes the epidemiology of malaria in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia and the species of Plasmodium causing the disease and the associated factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the epidemiology of malaria at Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization in Dhahran, Eastern Province of Saudi ...
Jamaiah I - - 2006
This was a five-year retrospective study (1999-2004) on the prevalence of malaria at the Aborigine Hospital, Gombak, Malaysia. A total of 94 malaria cases was analysed. The highest case reports were for the year 2000, with 32 cases (34%), and the lowest was in 2004, with only 1 (1%). The ...
Khawcharoenporn Thana - - 2006
We report a case of dual Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) and Pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii) (PCP) lymphadenitis in a patient with HIV who had been receiving trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) as systemic prophylaxis for PCP. This patient was successfully treated with antituberculosis medications and TMP-SMX. Our review of the literature identified this as the ...
Shamsuzzaman A K - - 2006
The present study was conducted to see the diagnostic efficacy of serum anti-TB IgG antibody detection in adult pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) by ELISA and Immunochromatography test (ICT) method using commercially available diagnostic kit (Pathozyme TB complex and MycoDot test respectively). This case-control study included 48 cases of adult pulmonary TB ...
Ekingen G - - 2006
Skeletal tuberculosis (TB) is usually seen in association with a primary pulmonary focus. However, it is being increasingly recognized that the former may be encountered without the latter, particularly in children. Sternal lesions have been frequently reported in infants, presumably secondary to Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination. Herein we report a ...
Rodríguez-Morales Alfonso J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Many countries throughout the world are reporting an increasing number of imported malaria cases. It is now well documented that population movements play an important role in the spread and introduction of malaria infection in nonendemic areas. METHODS: We evaluated the contribution of imported malaria to the overall malaria ...
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