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Kamani L - - 2008
Granulomatous inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon entity; an aetiopathogenic diagnosis can be reached only by combining the morphological examination with clinical and laboratory investigations. We report two cases of granulomatous gastritis: a 27-year-old woman presenting with weight loss and a 55-year-old woman presenting with epigastric pain and ...
Gopi P G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) is an important epidemiological index to measure the load of the disease in a community. A series of disease surveys were undertaken in rural community in Tiruvallur district in Tamilnadu, south India OBJECTIVE: To investigate the yield of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases by different symptoms ...
Deps P D PD Department of Social Medicine, Service of Dermatology, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória; Leprosy Control Programme of the Metropolitan Region of Vitória, Brazil. - - 2008
Mycobacterium leprae infection has recently been detected in wild armadillos in Brazil. Leprosy is still endemic in Brazil and although its transmission is mostly by person-to-person contact, many cases report no history of previously known leprosy contact. It has been suggested that other sources of M. leprae may contribute to ...
Shirayama Yoshihisa - - 2008
In Khammouane province, Laos, over 5000 slide-positive malaria cases were reported at local health facilities in 1997. To combat the spread of malaria, insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and community health education were provided to the people in this province by the Lao Ministry of Health and the Japan International Cooperation Agency. ...
Mali Sonja - - 2008
Malaria in humans is caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae). These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have ...
Rodwell Timothy C - - 2008
The epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States is changing as the incidence of disease becomes more concentrated in foreign-born persons. Mycobacterium bovis appears to be contributing substantially to the TB incidence in some binational communities with ties to Mexico. We conducted a retrospective analysis of TB case surveillance ...
McPherson Michelle E - - 2008
In Australia, most cases of tuberculosis (TB) occur in migrants. To inform control strategies for this group, we investigated all laboratory confirmed tuberculosis cases diagnosed by the State TB reference laboratory in Victoria between 1990 and 2004. The laboratory data were matched to notification data to determine country of birth ...
Calderaro Adriana - - 2008
Our study aimed to describe the occurrence of imported malaria in a nonendemic area (Parma, Italy) during the period 2000 to 2007, comparing the data obtained by microscopy and molecular assays targeting plasmodial 18S subunit rRNA gene. The prevalence of imported malaria in Parma was 21.8% by microscopy and 22.7% ...
Semaan Rita - - 2008
Compared to other organs, skin is an uncommon site of tuberculosis involvement. In the era of HIV infection, increased intravenous drug abuse, and the use of immunosuppressive therapy for various systemic diseases, tuberculosis in all its forms, including skin tuberculosis, has re-emerged. We report two cases of primary cutaneous tuberculosis ...
Bai Kuan-Jen - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The foreign-born population has been growing in Taiwan. Most foreign-born persons come from countries with a high burden of tuberculosis (TB). Monitoring the trend and characteristics of TB in this population is essential for TB control in Taiwan. METHODS: Information about foreign-born persons residing in Taiwan and data of ...
Pistone Thierry - - 2008
Among Western countries, France has the highest incidence of imported malaria cases, mostly from travellers visiting Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Despite related high costs of imported malaria assumed by the public French national health insurance system (FHS), the latter does not reimburse travellers for malaria chemoprophylaxis (MC). This study aims to ...
- - 2008
In 2007, a total of 13,293 tuberculosis (TB) cases were reported in the United States; the TB rate declined 4.2% from 2006 to 4.4 cases per 100,000 population. This report summarizes provisional 2007 data from the National TB Surveillance System and describes trends since 1993. The TB incidence rate in ...
Jones Kelsey D J - - 2008
The extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) categorisation has been developed as a phenotypic description of those TB strains that are resistant to most conventional anti-TB drugs. While widely accepted to have significant incidence in those areas, such as Eastern Europe, that have high levels of multidrug resistance, recent reports have described ...
Scholten J N - - 2008
SETTING: The World Health Organization (WHO) European Region, which includes 52 countries. OBJECTIVE: To assess an epidemiological data collection tool implemented in 2004 for recording human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status among tuberculosis (TB) patients. DESIGN: Based on WHO estimates, the reported number of TB patients with HIV was compared with ...
Mor Zohar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The crowded environment of correctional facilities may enhance infectious diseases transmission, such as tuberculosis. OBJECTIVES: To define the tuberculosis burden in prisons in Israel, a country of low TB incidence (7.9 cases:100,000 population in 2004), in which about 13,000 inmates are being incarcerated annually, and to recommend policy adaptations ...
Langenskiold Elisabeth - - 2008
To determine the yield of contact tracing after exposure to active tuberculosis (TB) cases in a low incidence area for TB as well as completion rate and tolerance to treatment for latent TB infection (LTBI). Retrospective study based on a database including all patients evaluated in Geneva during contact tracing ...
Farchi S - - 2008
SETTING: Lazio region (5.15 million, including Rome, 2.8 million), Italy. OBJECTIVE: To monitor pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) epidemiology from 1997 to 2003. DESIGN: We used data from the mandatory National Infectious Diseases Surveillance system, the regional Hospital Information System and the regional Mortality Register. The number of prevalent pulmonary TB cases ...
Araújo-Filho João Alves de - - 2008
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is an emerging and worrisome health problem that threatens tuberculosis (TB) control worldwide. The clinical management of MDR-TB is a complex issue associated with the use of multiple drugs for a long period, usually accompanied by side effects and high costs. The objective of this work was ...
Rui Xuefang - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the clinical value of sonography in the diagnosis and typing of renal tuberculosis. METHODS: A total of 258 cases of renal tuberculosis with complete sonographic data were reviewed. The distinguishing features of the ultrasound images of these cases were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The coincidence rate of ultrasonography ...
Krishnan B - - 2009
A young man presented with a short febrile illness associated with signs of cough, sputum and haemoptysis (>200 ml/24 h) to his local hospital. The chest radiograph revealed a small cavity in the upper zone with patchy consolidation. He was kept in isolation awaiting a bronchoscopy for tuberculosis (TB). He ...
Neghina Raul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Malaria is not a serious concern in Romania nowadays although 30-60 imported cases are diagnosed yearly, especially in travellers from Africa. Timis, the most extensive of the Romanian counties, is the western gate of the country from where a lot of people travel abroad. The aim of this study ...
Ojo B A - - 2008
Endometrial tuberculosis (TB) is a known cause of infertility in women which, because of the global increase in the spread of TB, should always be considered when investigating the cause of infertility. We undertook this review in order to determine its incidence among infertile women in the Nigerian middle belt. ...
Agarwal Renu - - 2008
Osteonecrosis (avascular necrosis) is known to be caused by high-dose corticosteroid therapy, alcoholism and rarely by infections. However, a tubercular etiology of this condition is very rare. A review of the literature yielded only a few cases of polyarticular tuberculosis with osteonecrosis in immunosuppressed individuals. No case of monoarticular tubercular ...
Neonakis Ioannis K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although tuberculosis is not uncommon among patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), only a few reports of such patients suffering from miliary tuberculosis (MT) exist. MT often presents as a fever of unknown origin and it is a curable disease, yet fatal if left untreated. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a ...
Toyokawa Narikazu - - 2008
Mycobacterial tuberculous tenosynovitis of the hand is a rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, while mycobacterial tuberculous tenosynovitis of the extensor tendon sheath is extremely rare. We report a case of tuberculous tenosynovitis of the extensor tendon of the finger, occurring in a man receiving immunosuppression following a liver transplantation. Symptoms ...
Asif Sabina Aziz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pakistan adopted the malaria control strategy with provincial commitment in 1998. Pakistan joined the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) initiative in 2001. This led to development of a 5 year roll back malaria strategy. The aim of the paper is to audit whether the malaria control programme in NWFP was ...
Trindade Maria Angela Bianconcini - - 2008
Telemedicine might increase the speed of diagnosis for leprosy and reduce the development of disabilities. We compared the accuracy of diagnosis made by telemedicine with that made by in-person examination. The cases were patients with suspected leprosy at eight public health clinics in outlying areas of the city of São ...
Smith Adrian D - - 2008
To examine temporal, geographic, and sociodemographic trends in case reporting and case fatality of malaria in the United Kingdom. National malaria reference laboratory surveillance data in the UK. Observational study using prospectively gathered surveillance data and data on destinations from the international passenger survey. 39,300 cases of proved malaria in ...
Fischer Eaj - - 2008
There is a higher case-detection rate for leprosy among spatially proximate contacts such as household members and neighbors. Spatial information regarding the clustering of leprosy can be used to improve intervention strategies. Identifying high-risk areas within villages around known cases can be helpful in finding new cases. Using geographic information ...
Fischer Eaj - - 2008
An uneven spatial distribution of leprosy can be caused by the influence of geography on the distribution of risk factors over the area, or by population characteristics that are heterogeneously distributed over the area. We studied the distribution of leprosy cases detected by a control program to identify spatial and ...
Souza-Santos Reinaldo - - 2008
Malaria constitutes a major cause of morbidity in the Brazilian Amazon where an estimated 6 million people are considered at high risk of transmission. Indigenous peoples in the Amazon are particularly vulnerable to potentially epidemic disease such as malaria; notwithstanding, very little is known about the epidemiology of malaria in ...
Togola Adiaratou - - 2008
This paper describes ethnopharmacological knowledge on the uses of Erythrina senegalensis DC (Fabaceae) in traditional medicine in three different areas (Dioila, Kolokani and Koutiala) in Mali. Data were collected using interviews of traditional healers selected randomly. The main reported diseases for which E. senegalensis was used by the traditional healers ...
De Dipankar - - 2007
Dapsone is one of the main constituents of anti-leprosy treatment and has been in use for various dermatological and non-dermatological indications since the 1940s. Dapsone-induced photosensitivity is a rare complication. Only 11 cases seem to have been reported in the literature. We report a case of dapsone-induced photosensitivity in an ...
Zaher Tarik - - 2007
Imported malaria is a health problem and needs continuous monitoring as many clinicians are not aware of it. In Yemen malaria is the main public health problem. Malaria cases were 16 in Almaza Military Fever Hospital, Cairo, 53 in Saudi Hospital at Pilgrimage, Yemen and in Saber Hospital at Aden, ...
Oppenheimer Stephen - - 2007
This review comments on and summarizes five expert presentations and reports made at a meeting hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Lyon, France, 12-14 June 2006, related to iron and folate supplementation and their interactions with infection. The meeting was called because of the mortality implications of the ...
Armengaud A - - 2008
A case of Plasmodium vivax malaria was diagnosed in Corsica in summer 2006. This is the first case of autochthonous transmission of malaria to be reported in Corsica since 1972. Corsica is a well-known malaria endemic region characterised, for several years now by an anophelism situation without malaria disease, due ...
Maguire Jason D - - 2007
A 22-year-old soldier presented with vivax malaria after extended travel in Afghanistan. Compliant with atovaquone/proguanil in country, he discontinued prophylaxis immediately upon departure. This case raises important issues regarding prophylactic choice and compliance during travel to Plasmodium vivax endemic locations and primaquine's registration status for prophylaxis and use by practitioners.
Lesko Catherine R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To provide an updated review and examine any trends among congenital malaria cases that might help guide diagnosis, treatment, and public health recommendations. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: United States. PARTICIPANTS: We reviewed all cases of congenital malaria reported to the US National Malaria Surveillance System between January 1, ...
Kang Mei L - - 2007
Singapore reported the elimination of malaria in 1982, but this country remains vulnerable to imported malaria. We describe a large cluster of 16 cases of imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria in visiting Nigerian students. More than half were asymptomatic and diagnosed only on screening. Although early diagnosis and treatment of patients ...
Linh N N - - 2007
SETTING: A cohort of migrants to Australia (n = 7265) selected to be at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) were assessed at the Liverpool Chest Clinic, Sydney, between 1984 and 2003. OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproducibility and predictive value of various radiographic criteria for predicting the subsequent development of TB. ...
Cruz-Ferro E - - 2007
SETTING: Galicia, Spain. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological evolution and characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in Galicia over a 10-year period from 1996 to 2005. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive and observational study was conducted, based on data obtained from the Galicia Tuberculosis Registry. RESULTS: The incidence of TB in Galicia fell ...
Rodriguez Monserrat - - 2007
During the last years, immigration has increased and, consequently, the pool of foreign donors and associated infectious diseases from exotic countries (especially from the tropics) has also increased. Only a few cases of malaria transmitted via different donation sources have been published. In the present report, a Plasmodium vivax transmitted ...
Lautze Jonathan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Koka water reservoir in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia contributes to the malaria burden in its vicinity. METHODS: Frequency of malaria diagnosis in fever clinics was correlated with distance of residence from the margin of the Koka reservoir. Annual as well as seasonal malaria case ...
Keeling A N - - 2008
We present the case of a rare entity which is a complication of a disease process that had almost disappeared from the Western World. With the recent resurgence in reported cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) in Western communities, it is important to recognize complications and sequelae. A young alcoholic male ...
Yip David - - 2007
Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) is important medically and indicative of a public health problem. An understanding of the epidemiology and case characteristics of pediatric TB, in a province that accepts large numbers of immigrants, can inform TB elimination strategy. All cases of pediatric TB notified in Alberta between 1990 and 2004 ...
Agrawal A - - 2007
Symmetric peripheral gangrene (SPG) in a case of mixed malaria (P. falciparum and P. vivax) is a rare and relatively unknown complication of malaria. We report a case of 10-yr-old female with mixed malaria infection and SPG (Symmetric Peripheral Gangrene) of foot, which is most likely due to interaction between ...
Jovanovic D - - 2007
SETTING: Republic of Serbia, excluding Kosovo. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the clinical and epidemiological pattern of tuberculosis (TB) in Serbia during the period 1990-2004. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical and epidemiological data on TB patients registered in annual TB reports. RESULTS: During the 15-year period, TB incidence levelled off in ...
Legros Fabrice - - 2007
Plasmodium falciparum malaria is a serious health hazard for travelers to malaria-endemic areas and is often diagnosed on return to the country of residence. We conducted a retrospective study of imported falciparum malaria among travelers returning to France from malaria-endemic areas from 1996 through 2003. Epidemiologic, clinical, and parasitologic data ...
Dye Christopher - - 2007
The World Health Assembly set targets to detect by 2005 at least 70% of all new sputum smear-positive cases arising each year and to cure at least 85% of these cases. The national tuberculosis (TB) control programmes of 199 countries reported that in 2005, 2.3 million new smear-positive cases were ...
Mirsaeidi S M - - 2007
Nearly 18% of tuberculosis (TB) cases have only extrapulmonary manifestations. Breast tuberculosis is a rare type of extrapulmonary TB. This paper reports 4 cases of breast TB confirmed either pathologically or mycobacteriologically or both. These reports showed that TB should always be considered first in the differential diagnosis of granulomatous ...
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