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Farchi S - - 2008
SETTING: Lazio region (5.15 million, including Rome, 2.8 million), Italy. OBJECTIVE: To monitor pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) epidemiology from 1997 to 2003. DESIGN: We used data from the mandatory National Infectious Diseases Surveillance system, the regional Hospital Information System and the regional Mortality Register. The number of prevalent pulmonary TB cases ...
Araújo-Filho João Alves de - - 2008
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is an emerging and worrisome health problem that threatens tuberculosis (TB) control worldwide. The clinical management of MDR-TB is a complex issue associated with the use of multiple drugs for a long period, usually accompanied by side effects and high costs. The objective of this work was ...
Rui Xuefang - - 2008
AIM: To evaluate the clinical value of sonography in the diagnosis and typing of renal tuberculosis. METHODS: A total of 258 cases of renal tuberculosis with complete sonographic data were reviewed. The distinguishing features of the ultrasound images of these cases were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: The coincidence rate of ultrasonography ...
Krishnan B - - 2009
A young man presented with a short febrile illness associated with signs of cough, sputum and haemoptysis (>200 ml/24 h) to his local hospital. The chest radiograph revealed a small cavity in the upper zone with patchy consolidation. He was kept in isolation awaiting a bronchoscopy for tuberculosis (TB). He ...
Neghina Raul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Malaria is not a serious concern in Romania nowadays although 30-60 imported cases are diagnosed yearly, especially in travellers from Africa. Timis, the most extensive of the Romanian counties, is the western gate of the country from where a lot of people travel abroad. The aim of this study ...
Ojo B A - - 2008
Endometrial tuberculosis (TB) is a known cause of infertility in women which, because of the global increase in the spread of TB, should always be considered when investigating the cause of infertility. We undertook this review in order to determine its incidence among infertile women in the Nigerian middle belt. ...
Agarwal Renu - - 2008
Osteonecrosis (avascular necrosis) is known to be caused by high-dose corticosteroid therapy, alcoholism and rarely by infections. However, a tubercular etiology of this condition is very rare. A review of the literature yielded only a few cases of polyarticular tuberculosis with osteonecrosis in immunosuppressed individuals. No case of monoarticular tubercular ...
Neonakis Ioannis K - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although tuberculosis is not uncommon among patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), only a few reports of such patients suffering from miliary tuberculosis (MT) exist. MT often presents as a fever of unknown origin and it is a curable disease, yet fatal if left untreated. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a ...
Toyokawa Narikazu - - 2008
Mycobacterial tuberculous tenosynovitis of the hand is a rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, while mycobacterial tuberculous tenosynovitis of the extensor tendon sheath is extremely rare. We report a case of tuberculous tenosynovitis of the extensor tendon of the finger, occurring in a man receiving immunosuppression following a liver transplantation. Symptoms ...
Asif Sabina Aziz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pakistan adopted the malaria control strategy with provincial commitment in 1998. Pakistan joined the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) initiative in 2001. This led to development of a 5 year roll back malaria strategy. The aim of the paper is to audit whether the malaria control programme in NWFP was ...
Trindade Maria Angela Bianconcini - - 2008
Telemedicine might increase the speed of diagnosis for leprosy and reduce the development of disabilities. We compared the accuracy of diagnosis made by telemedicine with that made by in-person examination. The cases were patients with suspected leprosy at eight public health clinics in outlying areas of the city of São ...
Smith Adrian D - - 2008
To examine temporal, geographic, and sociodemographic trends in case reporting and case fatality of malaria in the United Kingdom. National malaria reference laboratory surveillance data in the UK. Observational study using prospectively gathered surveillance data and data on destinations from the international passenger survey. 39,300 cases of proved malaria in ...
Fischer Eaj - - 2008
There is a higher case-detection rate for leprosy among spatially proximate contacts such as household members and neighbors. Spatial information regarding the clustering of leprosy can be used to improve intervention strategies. Identifying high-risk areas within villages around known cases can be helpful in finding new cases. Using geographic information ...
Fischer Eaj - - 2008
An uneven spatial distribution of leprosy can be caused by the influence of geography on the distribution of risk factors over the area, or by population characteristics that are heterogeneously distributed over the area. We studied the distribution of leprosy cases detected by a control program to identify spatial and ...
Souza-Santos Reinaldo - - 2008
Malaria constitutes a major cause of morbidity in the Brazilian Amazon where an estimated 6 million people are considered at high risk of transmission. Indigenous peoples in the Amazon are particularly vulnerable to potentially epidemic disease such as malaria; notwithstanding, very little is known about the epidemiology of malaria in ...
Togola Adiaratou - - 2008
This paper describes ethnopharmacological knowledge on the uses of Erythrina senegalensis DC (Fabaceae) in traditional medicine in three different areas (Dioila, Kolokani and Koutiala) in Mali. Data were collected using interviews of traditional healers selected randomly. The main reported diseases for which E. senegalensis was used by the traditional healers ...
De Dipankar - - 2007
Dapsone is one of the main constituents of anti-leprosy treatment and has been in use for various dermatological and non-dermatological indications since the 1940s. Dapsone-induced photosensitivity is a rare complication. Only 11 cases seem to have been reported in the literature. We report a case of dapsone-induced photosensitivity in an ...
Zaher Tarik - - 2007
Imported malaria is a health problem and needs continuous monitoring as many clinicians are not aware of it. In Yemen malaria is the main public health problem. Malaria cases were 16 in Almaza Military Fever Hospital, Cairo, 53 in Saudi Hospital at Pilgrimage, Yemen and in Saber Hospital at Aden, ...
Oppenheimer Stephen - - 2007
This review comments on and summarizes five expert presentations and reports made at a meeting hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Lyon, France, 12-14 June 2006, related to iron and folate supplementation and their interactions with infection. The meeting was called because of the mortality implications of the ...
Armengaud A - - 2008
A case of Plasmodium vivax malaria was diagnosed in Corsica in summer 2006. This is the first case of autochthonous transmission of malaria to be reported in Corsica since 1972. Corsica is a well-known malaria endemic region characterised, for several years now by an anophelism situation without malaria disease, due ...
Maguire Jason D - - 2007
A 22-year-old soldier presented with vivax malaria after extended travel in Afghanistan. Compliant with atovaquone/proguanil in country, he discontinued prophylaxis immediately upon departure. This case raises important issues regarding prophylactic choice and compliance during travel to Plasmodium vivax endemic locations and primaquine's registration status for prophylaxis and use by practitioners.
Lesko Catherine R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To provide an updated review and examine any trends among congenital malaria cases that might help guide diagnosis, treatment, and public health recommendations. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: United States. PARTICIPANTS: We reviewed all cases of congenital malaria reported to the US National Malaria Surveillance System between January 1, ...
Kang Mei L - - 2007
Singapore reported the elimination of malaria in 1982, but this country remains vulnerable to imported malaria. We describe a large cluster of 16 cases of imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria in visiting Nigerian students. More than half were asymptomatic and diagnosed only on screening. Although early diagnosis and treatment of patients ...
Linh N N - - 2007
SETTING: A cohort of migrants to Australia (n = 7265) selected to be at increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) were assessed at the Liverpool Chest Clinic, Sydney, between 1984 and 2003. OBJECTIVE: To assess the reproducibility and predictive value of various radiographic criteria for predicting the subsequent development of TB. ...
Cruz-Ferro E - - 2007
SETTING: Galicia, Spain. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological evolution and characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in Galicia over a 10-year period from 1996 to 2005. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive and observational study was conducted, based on data obtained from the Galicia Tuberculosis Registry. RESULTS: The incidence of TB in Galicia fell ...
Rodriguez Monserrat - - 2007
During the last years, immigration has increased and, consequently, the pool of foreign donors and associated infectious diseases from exotic countries (especially from the tropics) has also increased. Only a few cases of malaria transmitted via different donation sources have been published. In the present report, a Plasmodium vivax transmitted ...
Lautze Jonathan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Koka water reservoir in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia contributes to the malaria burden in its vicinity. METHODS: Frequency of malaria diagnosis in fever clinics was correlated with distance of residence from the margin of the Koka reservoir. Annual as well as seasonal malaria case ...
Keeling A N - - 2008
We present the case of a rare entity which is a complication of a disease process that had almost disappeared from the Western World. With the recent resurgence in reported cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) in Western communities, it is important to recognize complications and sequelae. A young alcoholic male ...
Yip David - - 2007
Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) is important medically and indicative of a public health problem. An understanding of the epidemiology and case characteristics of pediatric TB, in a province that accepts large numbers of immigrants, can inform TB elimination strategy. All cases of pediatric TB notified in Alberta between 1990 and 2004 ...
Agrawal A - - 2007
Symmetric peripheral gangrene (SPG) in a case of mixed malaria (P. falciparum and P. vivax) is a rare and relatively unknown complication of malaria. We report a case of 10-yr-old female with mixed malaria infection and SPG (Symmetric Peripheral Gangrene) of foot, which is most likely due to interaction between ...
Jovanovic D - - 2007
SETTING: Republic of Serbia, excluding Kosovo. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the clinical and epidemiological pattern of tuberculosis (TB) in Serbia during the period 1990-2004. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical and epidemiological data on TB patients registered in annual TB reports. RESULTS: During the 15-year period, TB incidence levelled off in ...
Legros Fabrice - - 2007
Plasmodium falciparum malaria is a serious health hazard for travelers to malaria-endemic areas and is often diagnosed on return to the country of residence. We conducted a retrospective study of imported falciparum malaria among travelers returning to France from malaria-endemic areas from 1996 through 2003. Epidemiologic, clinical, and parasitologic data ...
Dye Christopher - - 2007
The World Health Assembly set targets to detect by 2005 at least 70% of all new sputum smear-positive cases arising each year and to cure at least 85% of these cases. The national tuberculosis (TB) control programmes of 199 countries reported that in 2005, 2.3 million new smear-positive cases were ...
Mirsaeidi S M - - 2007
Nearly 18% of tuberculosis (TB) cases have only extrapulmonary manifestations. Breast tuberculosis is a rare type of extrapulmonary TB. This paper reports 4 cases of breast TB confirmed either pathologically or mycobacteriologically or both. These reports showed that TB should always be considered first in the differential diagnosis of granulomatous ...
Riekstina V - - 2007
International guidelines for treatment outcome analysis of tuberculosis cases have been published and are widely used. They do not, however, fully address the incorporation of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) cases. Here we present an approach to cohort analysis of treatment outcomes for all registered TB cases, including MDR-TB cases. We analyzed ...
Martins M D - - 2007
AIM: The aim of the present study was to clinically evaluate the oral mucosa lesions of leprosy patients during and after multi-drug therapy. METHODS: Clinical examination, medical and dental history examination was performed in 100 leprosy patients. RESULTS: The results revealed that 71 patients, 50 men and 21 women, exibited ...
Price Laura - - 2007
Plasmodium vivax infection can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This complication of P. vivax infection is being increasingly recognised and was life threatening in a traveller returning from Gujarat, India. Nineteen other published cases of P. vivax with respiratory symptoms are also reviewed and confirm that ARDS was the ...
Porphyre Thibaud - - 2007
We describe the temporal and geographical distribution of confirmed cases of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in a population of cattle in the south-east of the North Island of New Zealand. Data were derived from routine TB testing conducted between 1980 and 2003 and included details for 69 farms. Four six-year periods ...
Shanbhag Vasudev - - 2007
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection of a total joint prosthesis in patients with previous pulmonary or osteoarticular tuberculosis is well recorded in literature. We describe the case of a 59-year-old woman with tuberculous infection complicating a total hip arthroplasty 15 months after surgery for osteoarthritis. The patient had no prior history of ...
Adio A O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bilateral pneumoblepharon or palpebral emphysema is an unusual presentation of tuberculosis which is a fairly common disease condition. METHOD: The case record of a four year old Nigerian female presenting with bilateral pneumoblepharon secondary to tuberculosis with a review of literature on the subject is presented. RESULT: Palpebral emphysema ...
Mishra S K - - 2007
Although the clinical picture of cerebral malaria in children has been reported extensively, scant information is available about cerebral malaria in adults. This report relates to one of the largest series of adult cases of cerebral malaria patients ever described. At Rourkela, in eastern India, 526 adults (aged >12 years) ...
- - 2007
The worldwide emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) and a provisional definition for this form of TB were first reported in November 2005. A more detailed description of these findings and preliminary data from the U.S. National TB Surveillance System (NTSS) were published in 2006. The U.S. data indicated ...
Merritt Tony D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To characterise a pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cluster in the Hunter Area of New South Wales using a combination of traditional epidemiological methods and molecular typing. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Review of all notifications of TB in the Hunter Area between January 1994 and June 2005, with a detailed analysis ...
van Genderen Perry J J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In Europe, atovaquone/proguanil (A/P) is only licensed for malaria prophylaxis for 28 days of travel. Data on the long-term safety and tolerance in nonimmune travelers are scarce. METHODS: We initiated a prospective observational study on ailments reported by travelers using A/P on a long-term basis. Ailments were recorded on ...
Chen Shumin - - 2007
The prevalence of leprosy fell below 1 per 100,000 in Shandong province in 1994. Since then, a few incident leprosy cases have been reported each year over the past 10 years. In order to explore whether or not the reduction in case detection in the province was due to the ...
Kim Areum - - 2007
Splenic infarction is a rare complication in malaria cases, and is caused primarily by Plasmodium falciparum. Recently in South Korea, only P. vivax has prevailed since 1993. Although the probability that symptomatic splenic infarction may occur in vivax malaria cases is considered relatively high, there have never been any case ...
Roche Paul - - 2007
The National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System received 1,072 tuberculosis (TB) notifications in 2005, of which 1,022 were new cases and 50 were relapses. The incidence of TB in Australia was 5.3 cases per 100,000 population in 2005 and has remained at a stable rate since 1985. The high-incidence groups remain ...
Yano Shuichi - - 2007
Transient worsening of tuberculosis (TB) symptomatology and lesions in response to anti-TB therapy has previously been reported as paradoxical worsening. Recently, paradoxical worsening of TB following antiretroviral therapy in AIDS patients was reported. However, paradoxical worsening of nontuberculous mycobacterium, including Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus), has not been reported previously. We ...
Rathnam Priya Joy - - 2007
The epidemiology of malaria among U.S. government personnel attached to diplomatic posts has not been reported. We reviewed malaria surveillance reports on persons with onset of symptoms between January 1988 and December 2004. Among 684 slide-proven cases, the median age was 36 years. There were 565 (82.6%) cases of Plasmodium ...
Boggild Andrea K - - 2007
The fixed dose combination of atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride, marketed under the trade name Malarone, is the most recently approved agent in North America for the prevention and treatment of chloroquine- and multi-drug resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In both adult and pediatric populations, atovaquone-proguanil demonstrates consistently high protective efficacy against ...
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