Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 728
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Scollard David M - - 2011
A patient with Hansen's disease received corticosteroids for a type 1 leprosy reaction and subsequently developed a new cutaneous lesion at the original biopsy site from which Mycobacterium fortuitum was cultured. A review of the literature found only two other cases of coinfection with atypical mycobacteria and Mycobacterium leprae, although ...
Panteix G - - 2010
Human tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium microti is rare, but its prevalence and clinical significance may have been underestimated. To the best of our knowledge, 21 cases have been reported in the literature in the last decade. We report six recent pulmonary cases caused by M. microti over a period of ...
Liu Eryong - - 2010
Contact investigation is a logical approach to intensified case finding in China. However, currently there are no written national guidelines. The aim of this study is to review the published literature that describes the procedures followed by local level and report the yield for active tuberculosis (TB) cases. Studies conducted ...
Ghosh Sujoy - - 2010
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease affecting primarily the skin, peripheral nerves, respiratory system and the eyes. Leprosy induces various types of clinical presentation affecting the patient's immune response. Cell-mediated immunity is considered to be the crucial defence against the disease and the magnitude of this immunity defines the extent ...
Jesinger Robert A - - 2010
We report a case of a 61-year-old Filipino-American male who developed pulmonary tuberculosis after travel to the Philippines. His history, presentation, imaging findings, and clinical course are presented as well as a discussion of the interesting imaging features in his case. Our case highlights the importance of having a high ...
Mishra Saroj K - - 2010
There are very few reports in the literature of rhabdomyolysis in falciparum malaria and they mostly consist of single case studies. A report from Sri Lanka described a single patient with myoglobinuria and skeletal muscle necrosis. Taylor and Prosser reported a single case of rhabdomyolysis with renal failure. We report ...
Indra V - - 2010
Plasmodium knowlesi in humans is life threatening, is on the increase and has been reported from most states in Malaysia. Anopheles latens and Anopheles cracens have been incriminated as vectors. Malaria is now a zoonoses and is occurring in malaria free areas of Malaysia. It is also a threat to ...
Hoshino Chisho - - 2010
Craniovertebral junction tuberculosis (CVJ TB) is a rare disease, potentially causing significant neurological deficits and even death. We report on a 80-year-old woman presenting with CVJ TB without pulmonary involvement. The diagnosis was made by biopsy of the cervical lymph node showing granulomatous caseation necrosis. Despite extensive erosion of the ...
Metaxas E I - - 2010
Tuberculous pericarditis is a form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis that is considered unusual in western coun-tries. Diagnosis is often challenging, while proper treatment has a major impact on prognosis. We present three interesting cases, with complicated or unusual manifestations of tuberculous pericarditis: a patient with cardiac tamponade as the initial manifestation ...
Scholten Derek - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Investigations related to tuberculosis (TB) cases on airline flights have received increased attention in recent years. In Canada, reports of air travel by individuals with active TB are sent to the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) for public health risk assessment and contact follow-up. A descriptive analysis was ...
Sousa Antônio Renê Diógenes de - - 2010
Leprosy is associated with the occurrence of various skin lesions such as macules, papules, plaques, nodules, and even diffused infiltration, depending on the patient's immune response. Its clinical presentation is often different from the usual pattern, leading to confusion in diagnosis. The present article describes a rare case of leprosy ...
Bali Kamal - - 2010
Tuberculosis of symphysis pubis is a rare condition with hardly any report of such cases in the last decade. It is necessary to distinguish the entity from more common ones like Osteitis pubis and Osteomyelitis of pubis symphysis by urgent means in order to start the treatment early and thereby ...
Kalra Ankur - - 2010
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) continues to predominate the cause of morbidity, and mortality in the developing world. The disease affects all the organ systems, and presents in various pathologic disease states. We report an uncommon manifestation of this rather common infectious disease in a 19-year-old male. Immune-mediated thrombocytopenia occurring as a ...
Lim Poh Lian - - 2010
Chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium vivax (CRPV) infection is emerging as a clinically significant problem. Detailed travel history is crucial to the management of imported malarial cases. We report a 58-year-old business traveler who returned from Indonesia and experienced relapse due to CRPV. The epidemiology and diagnostic challenges of CRPV for travel medicine ...
Wani Imtiaz - - 2009
Mesenteric lymphangioma is a rare benign tumor with nonspecific clinical features. A case series of three adult patients who had mesenteric lymphangioma is reported along with a review of literature. Two patients presented with painless abdominal swelling who were being managed as a case of abdominal tuberculosis and a third ...
Kar H K - - 2009
An untreated case of BL presented with clinical features of type 2 reaction (T2R) confirmed by histopathology. The case was a 18-year-old female with borderline lepromatous leprosy who developed annular vesiculobullous eruptions oversome of the pre-existing plaques on arms and upper back along with fever and severe neuritis after a ...
Nsagha D S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The WHO targeted to eliminate leprosy from the world as a public health problem by reducing the prevalence to less than 1 case per 10000 population based on the use of multi-drug therapy (MDT). Despite the success of MDT, endemic pools still exist in some countries that have attained ...
Patel Rubal - - 2009
Tuberculosis of the clavicular bone is a very rare clinical entity, with limited cases reported in the United States. Furthermore, sparing of the sternoclavicular joint is exceedingly unusual. A literature review of the prevalence of clavicular tuberculosis identified fewer than 80 cases reported since the discovery of the tubercular bacillus, ...
Nsagha D S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The WHO targeted to eliminate leprosy from the world as a public health problem by reducing the prevalence to less than 1 case per 10000 population based on the use of multi-drug therapy (MDT). Despite the success of MDT, endemic pools still exist in some countries that have attained ...
Gray Taryn C - - 2009
We reviewed 42 cases of pediatric and adolescent imported malaria in Cape Town. Patients were predominantly new and returned immigrants from other African countries. Rapid diagnosis occurred in most cases. Eleven of 42 (26%) had severe malaria. Management issues included delay to and inappropriate treatment, inadequate monitoring for hypoglycemia, and ...
Hosalkar Harish S - - 2009
The occurrence of pediatric skeletal (extra-spinal) tuberculosis in the developed world is extremely rare. The purpose of this study was to review the cases at our institutions. We performed a retrospective review of all pediatric biopsy-proven skeletal (extra-spinal) cases of tuberculosis over a five-year period. Eighteen patients of biopsy-proven tuberculosis ...
Tangpukdee Noppadon - - 2009
Malaria is a major cause of death in tropical and sub-tropical countries, killing each year over 1 million people globally; 90% of fatalities occur in African children. Although effective ways to manage malaria now exist, the number of malaria cases is still increasing, due to several factors. In this emergency ...
Radzi Muhammad - - 2009
We report 34 cases of gastrointestinal TB from Malaysia and present an overview of the diagnostic challenges. A concerted effort is necessary to improve the existing diagnostic methods, and develop and evaluate newer diagnostic tools through well designed multi-center studies.
Polley Peter - - 2009
Tuberculosis (TB) has a worthy reputation as one of the great mimickers in medicine with a multitude of clinical pictures and variations. Noncontiguous spinal TB is described as atypical and case reports are published as rarities in the mainstream academic journals. The aim of the study was to asses the ...
Nag Vijaya Lakshmi - - 2009
Isolated parotid tuberculosis is difficult to diagnose in the pediatric age group. Often the problem leads to surgery. We describe the case of a 13-year-old female who presented with right parotid swelling with facial palsy. Computerized tomography, aspiration cytology, PCR differentiation, culture sensitivity, and drug therapy led to complete resolution. ...
Mulder C - - 2009
A literature review was performed to assess the effectiveness of tuberculosis (TB) contact tracing among migrants and the foreign-born population with emphasis on the European Union. Effectiveness of contact tracing was assessed using the following indicators: coverage, proportion of contacts with TB (TB yield), proportion of contacts with latent tuberculosis ...
Palacio Luis E - - 2009
Commotio cordis is blunt, nonpenetrating trauma to the chest resulting in irregular heart rhythm and often leading to sudden death. This article presents the epidemiology, variables leading to commotio cordis, theories on predisposing factors, diagnosis, treatment, treatment outcomes, and return-to-play recommendations. A PubMed (MEDLINE) search for commotio cordis was conducted ...
Kestler M - - 2009
Post-operative reactivation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is a recognized complication of surgery. We report a case of reactivation TB involving pacemaker wires and review the literature on surgical site TB infections following cardiac surgery to examine the clinical features and outcomes of this rare but important presentation of TB.
Azevedo ValdeĊ•ilio Feijó - - 2009
We present a rare case of tuberculous myositis in a 36-year-old man with long-standing ankylosing spondylitis treated with adalimumab. We review the association between antitumor necrosis factor therapy and tuberculous myositis. Our case illustrates that the index of suspicion of tuberculosis in these patients, even with atypical clinical features, must ...
Dang Shyam - - 2009
CONTEXT: Pancreatic tuberculosis is a rare entity. Only a few cases have been reported in the medical literature. We hereby describe a case of pancreatic tuberculosis in an immunocompromized individual. CASE REPORT: A fifty-year-old African-American gentleman with history of HIV non-compliant on anti-retroviral therapy presented with epigastric pain for five ...
Jain N K - - 2009
The chance of incidence of XDR TB is on the rise due to improper use of second line anti-tubercular drugs. XDR-TB is very difficult to treat successfully and is often referred to as "virtually untreatable form of TB". We herein report a case of XDR TB confirmed by bacteriological examination ...
Jain Deepali - - 2009
Tuberculosis of the flat bones is rare and only a small percentage involves the scapular bone. We report a rare case of tuberculosis of the scapula in a 14-year-old. Diagnostic clues include lytic areas with low density seen in the body of the scapula involving a glenoid margin associated with ...
Eckerle Isabella - - 2009
Invasive fungal infection is rarely reported in association with malaria, even though malaria-associated inhibition of phagocyte function is a well-known condition. Invasive aspergillosis is frequently found in severely immuno-compromised patients but not in healthy individuals. Here, a case of pulmonary invasive aspergillosis in a previously healthy patient with severe P. ...
Banu J - - 2009
Tubal block is a common cause of infertility. Therefore Laparoscopy or Hysterosalphingoraphy or Hydrosonosalphingography are accepted methods for diagnosis of tubal block. Genital tuberculosis has a world wide distribution, more common in developing countries. Tubal block is the sequel of that disease. This prospective study by determination of Acid Fast ...
Marica C - - 2009
At present, no published evidence is available on the effectiveness of the DOTS (directly observed treatment, short-course) strategy in reducing the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) within a country in the European "hot spots". The present study aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the strategy implementation in reversing the epidemiological TB ...
Ehrhardt Stephan - - 2009
The World Health Organization strongly recommends artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) regimens for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria cases in endemic areas. Among the combinations of compounds that are available at present, excellent results have been obtained for the artemisinin derivative artemether, in a combination galenic preparation with lumefantrine ...
Subhawong Ty K - - 2009
Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital heart defect, affecting approximately 2700 infants per year born in the United States. The natural history of the tetralogy reflects the adverse physiologic consequences of the underlying structural abnormalities, with only approximately 3% of uncorrected patients surviving past age 40. In ...
Zoller Thomas - - 2009
In non-endemic areas, malaria is rare and locally acquired infections, particularly with Plasmodium falciparum, are exceptional events. The diagnosis is, therefore, likely to be delayed or missed in patients without a relevant travel history. This report describes a case of falciparum malaria in Berlin, Germany, in a patient who had ...
Duthie S - - 2008
In this report, we describe the investigation and management of an outbreak of TB associated with a mosque in Scotland, and consider the implications of large-scale TB contact tracing. The screening of casual contacts in this setting was complex and time-consuming with a low detection rate.
Jelinek T - - 2008
A cluster of 56 patients returning from Gambia with falciparum malaria has been noted in several countries of the European Union since September this year. TropNetEurop, the European Network on Imported Infectious Disease Surveillance, collected and reported the cases. Lack of awareness and, consequently, of prophylactic measures against malaria were ...
Spicek-Macan J - - 2009
Life-threatening hemoptysis is very rare and, fortunately, not many physicians have experienced it. The unpredictability of massive hemoptysis is often underestimated in seemingly stable patients and becomes fatal within a few minutes. The current definitions of massive and/or life-threatening hemoptysis in the medical literature are inadequate and the specific recommendations ...
Andersson Håkan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Between 2004 and 2006, 1,170 Swedish soldiers were deployed to Liberia. They were prescribed mefloquine or atovaquone/proguanil as malaria chemoprophylaxis. Our study aims were to estimate the chemoprophylaxis effectiveness and adverse events. METHODS: Cases of malaria were routinely reported during and after the mission. After return to Sweden, the ...
Bai L Q - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore a feasible approach to increase case finding of tuberculosis (TB) through intensive referral and tracing of TB suspects and patients. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in three Chinese cities. A strategic referral and tracing system was developed for the local situation in Hunan, China. Data from ...
Overtoom Rob - - 2008
Melioidosis has never been officially reported from Cambodia. Here we report two cases, a 58-year-old male (case 1) and a 49-year-old female (case 2) who presented with respiratory illnesses featuring multiple lung abscesses. The sputum culture of both patients, taken in the framework of a laboratory-based study on aetiologies of ...
Sharma Jai Bhagwan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hysteroscopic findings of infertile women with genital tuberculosis. METHOD: A retrospective study of the records of 94 women who underwent diagnostic hysteroscopy for infertility at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Genital tuberculosis was diagnosed by laboratory studies of an endometrial biopsy and/or laparoscopic ...
Shah N Sarita NS Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mailstop E-10, Atlanta, GA 30333, - - 2008
Worldwide emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has raised global public health concern, given the limited therapy options and high mortality. To describe the epidemiology of XDR-TB in the United States and to identify unique characteristics of XDR-TB cases compared with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and drug-susceptible TB cases. Descriptive analysis ...
Beck Hans-Peter - - 2008
The third 'Molecular Approaches to Malaria' conference was held in Lorne, Australia, in February 2008 and provided extensive information on the application of molecular tools in field studies on malaria. In recent years, technological advances and capacity building in malaria-endemic countries have permitted molecular tools to be applied much more ...
Alvi A Rehman - - 2008
Duodenum is a rare site of involvement in intestinal tuberculosis. We report a 19 years old boy who presented with nonbilious vomiting and weight loss. His workup showed stricture in ascending colon, multiple liver abscesses with pneumobilia on CT scan. Upper GI endoscopy revealed stricture in 2nd part of duodenum ...
Lamberty G - - 2008
Gastroduodenal tuberculosis (TB) is a rare condition and is often associated with pulmonary TB. We report the case of a primary duodenal TB in an immunocompetent patient without evidence of pulmonary TB. Diagnosis of this disease is difficult and is often confused with chronic peptic ulcer disease. Literature data concerning ...
Masjedi M R - - 2008
To study the participation of the private sector in detection and diagnosis of tuberculosis, all suspected cases referring to 4 private laboratories in Tehran for acid-fast bacillus examination during 2002-03 were documented. Of 9037 cases enrolled in the study, 637 had positive examination results (7.1%). Of these 531 (5.9%) cases ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >