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Results 101 - 150 of 712
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Nsagha D S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The WHO targeted to eliminate leprosy from the world as a public health problem by reducing the prevalence to less than 1 case per 10000 population based on the use of multi-drug therapy (MDT). Despite the success of MDT, endemic pools still exist in some countries that have attained ...
Patel Rubal - - 2009
Tuberculosis of the clavicular bone is a very rare clinical entity, with limited cases reported in the United States. Furthermore, sparing of the sternoclavicular joint is exceedingly unusual. A literature review of the prevalence of clavicular tuberculosis identified fewer than 80 cases reported since the discovery of the tubercular bacillus, ...
Nsagha D S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The WHO targeted to eliminate leprosy from the world as a public health problem by reducing the prevalence to less than 1 case per 10000 population based on the use of multi-drug therapy (MDT). Despite the success of MDT, endemic pools still exist in some countries that have attained ...
Gray Taryn C - - 2009
We reviewed 42 cases of pediatric and adolescent imported malaria in Cape Town. Patients were predominantly new and returned immigrants from other African countries. Rapid diagnosis occurred in most cases. Eleven of 42 (26%) had severe malaria. Management issues included delay to and inappropriate treatment, inadequate monitoring for hypoglycemia, and ...
Hosalkar Harish S - - 2009
The occurrence of pediatric skeletal (extra-spinal) tuberculosis in the developed world is extremely rare. The purpose of this study was to review the cases at our institutions. We performed a retrospective review of all pediatric biopsy-proven skeletal (extra-spinal) cases of tuberculosis over a five-year period. Eighteen patients of biopsy-proven tuberculosis ...
Tangpukdee Noppadon - - 2009
Malaria is a major cause of death in tropical and sub-tropical countries, killing each year over 1 million people globally; 90% of fatalities occur in African children. Although effective ways to manage malaria now exist, the number of malaria cases is still increasing, due to several factors. In this emergency ...
Radzi Muhammad - - 2009
We report 34 cases of gastrointestinal TB from Malaysia and present an overview of the diagnostic challenges. A concerted effort is necessary to improve the existing diagnostic methods, and develop and evaluate newer diagnostic tools through well designed multi-center studies.
Polley Peter - - 2009
Tuberculosis (TB) has a worthy reputation as one of the great mimickers in medicine with a multitude of clinical pictures and variations. Noncontiguous spinal TB is described as atypical and case reports are published as rarities in the mainstream academic journals. The aim of the study was to asses the ...
Nag Vijaya Lakshmi - - 2009
Isolated parotid tuberculosis is difficult to diagnose in the pediatric age group. Often the problem leads to surgery. We describe the case of a 13-year-old female who presented with right parotid swelling with facial palsy. Computerized tomography, aspiration cytology, PCR differentiation, culture sensitivity, and drug therapy led to complete resolution. ...
Mulder C - - 2009
A literature review was performed to assess the effectiveness of tuberculosis (TB) contact tracing among migrants and the foreign-born population with emphasis on the European Union. Effectiveness of contact tracing was assessed using the following indicators: coverage, proportion of contacts with TB (TB yield), proportion of contacts with latent tuberculosis ...
Palacio Luis E - - 2009
Commotio cordis is blunt, nonpenetrating trauma to the chest resulting in irregular heart rhythm and often leading to sudden death. This article presents the epidemiology, variables leading to commotio cordis, theories on predisposing factors, diagnosis, treatment, treatment outcomes, and return-to-play recommendations. A PubMed (MEDLINE) search for commotio cordis was conducted ...
Kestler M - - 2009
Post-operative reactivation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is a recognized complication of surgery. We report a case of reactivation TB involving pacemaker wires and review the literature on surgical site TB infections following cardiac surgery to examine the clinical features and outcomes of this rare but important presentation of TB.
Azevedo ValdeĊ•ilio Feijó - - 2009
We present a rare case of tuberculous myositis in a 36-year-old man with long-standing ankylosing spondylitis treated with adalimumab. We review the association between antitumor necrosis factor therapy and tuberculous myositis. Our case illustrates that the index of suspicion of tuberculosis in these patients, even with atypical clinical features, must ...
Dang Shyam - - 2009
CONTEXT: Pancreatic tuberculosis is a rare entity. Only a few cases have been reported in the medical literature. We hereby describe a case of pancreatic tuberculosis in an immunocompromized individual. CASE REPORT: A fifty-year-old African-American gentleman with history of HIV non-compliant on anti-retroviral therapy presented with epigastric pain for five ...
Jain N K - - 2009
The chance of incidence of XDR TB is on the rise due to improper use of second line anti-tubercular drugs. XDR-TB is very difficult to treat successfully and is often referred to as "virtually untreatable form of TB". We herein report a case of XDR TB confirmed by bacteriological examination ...
Jain Deepali - - 2009
Tuberculosis of the flat bones is rare and only a small percentage involves the scapular bone. We report a rare case of tuberculosis of the scapula in a 14-year-old. Diagnostic clues include lytic areas with low density seen in the body of the scapula involving a glenoid margin associated with ...
Eckerle Isabella - - 2009
Invasive fungal infection is rarely reported in association with malaria, even though malaria-associated inhibition of phagocyte function is a well-known condition. Invasive aspergillosis is frequently found in severely immuno-compromised patients but not in healthy individuals. Here, a case of pulmonary invasive aspergillosis in a previously healthy patient with severe P. ...
Banu J - - 2009
Tubal block is a common cause of infertility. Therefore Laparoscopy or Hysterosalphingoraphy or Hydrosonosalphingography are accepted methods for diagnosis of tubal block. Genital tuberculosis has a world wide distribution, more common in developing countries. Tubal block is the sequel of that disease. This prospective study by determination of Acid Fast ...
Marica C - - 2009
At present, no published evidence is available on the effectiveness of the DOTS (directly observed treatment, short-course) strategy in reducing the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) within a country in the European "hot spots". The present study aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the strategy implementation in reversing the epidemiological TB ...
Ehrhardt Stephan - - 2009
The World Health Organization strongly recommends artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) regimens for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria cases in endemic areas. Among the combinations of compounds that are available at present, excellent results have been obtained for the artemisinin derivative artemether, in a combination galenic preparation with lumefantrine ...
Subhawong Ty K - - 2009
Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital heart defect, affecting approximately 2700 infants per year born in the United States. The natural history of the tetralogy reflects the adverse physiologic consequences of the underlying structural abnormalities, with only approximately 3% of uncorrected patients surviving past age 40. In ...
Zoller Thomas - - 2009
In non-endemic areas, malaria is rare and locally acquired infections, particularly with Plasmodium falciparum, are exceptional events. The diagnosis is, therefore, likely to be delayed or missed in patients without a relevant travel history. This report describes a case of falciparum malaria in Berlin, Germany, in a patient who had ...
Duthie S - - 2008
In this report, we describe the investigation and management of an outbreak of TB associated with a mosque in Scotland, and consider the implications of large-scale TB contact tracing. The screening of casual contacts in this setting was complex and time-consuming with a low detection rate.
Jelinek T - - 2008
A cluster of 56 patients returning from Gambia with falciparum malaria has been noted in several countries of the European Union since September this year. TropNetEurop, the European Network on Imported Infectious Disease Surveillance, collected and reported the cases. Lack of awareness and, consequently, of prophylactic measures against malaria were ...
Spicek-Macan J - - 2009
Life-threatening hemoptysis is very rare and, fortunately, not many physicians have experienced it. The unpredictability of massive hemoptysis is often underestimated in seemingly stable patients and becomes fatal within a few minutes. The current definitions of massive and/or life-threatening hemoptysis in the medical literature are inadequate and the specific recommendations ...
Andersson Håkan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Between 2004 and 2006, 1,170 Swedish soldiers were deployed to Liberia. They were prescribed mefloquine or atovaquone/proguanil as malaria chemoprophylaxis. Our study aims were to estimate the chemoprophylaxis effectiveness and adverse events. METHODS: Cases of malaria were routinely reported during and after the mission. After return to Sweden, the ...
Bai L Q - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore a feasible approach to increase case finding of tuberculosis (TB) through intensive referral and tracing of TB suspects and patients. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in three Chinese cities. A strategic referral and tracing system was developed for the local situation in Hunan, China. Data from ...
Overtoom Rob - - 2008
Melioidosis has never been officially reported from Cambodia. Here we report two cases, a 58-year-old male (case 1) and a 49-year-old female (case 2) who presented with respiratory illnesses featuring multiple lung abscesses. The sputum culture of both patients, taken in the framework of a laboratory-based study on aetiologies of ...
Sharma Jai Bhagwan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hysteroscopic findings of infertile women with genital tuberculosis. METHOD: A retrospective study of the records of 94 women who underwent diagnostic hysteroscopy for infertility at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Genital tuberculosis was diagnosed by laboratory studies of an endometrial biopsy and/or laparoscopic ...
Shah N Sarita - - 2008
CONTEXT: Worldwide emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has raised global public health concern, given the limited therapy options and high mortality. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of XDR-TB in the United States and to identify unique characteristics of XDR-TB cases compared with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and drug-susceptible TB cases. ...
Beck Hans-Peter - - 2008
The third 'Molecular Approaches to Malaria' conference was held in Lorne, Australia, in February 2008 and provided extensive information on the application of molecular tools in field studies on malaria. In recent years, technological advances and capacity building in malaria-endemic countries have permitted molecular tools to be applied much more ...
Alvi A Rehman - - 2008
Duodenum is a rare site of involvement in intestinal tuberculosis. We report a 19 years old boy who presented with nonbilious vomiting and weight loss. His workup showed stricture in ascending colon, multiple liver abscesses with pneumobilia on CT scan. Upper GI endoscopy revealed stricture in 2nd part of duodenum ...
Lamberty G - - 2008
Gastroduodenal tuberculosis (TB) is a rare condition and is often associated with pulmonary TB. We report the case of a primary duodenal TB in an immunocompetent patient without evidence of pulmonary TB. Diagnosis of this disease is difficult and is often confused with chronic peptic ulcer disease. Literature data concerning ...
Masjedi M R - - 2008
To study the participation of the private sector in detection and diagnosis of tuberculosis, all suspected cases referring to 4 private laboratories in Tehran for acid-fast bacillus examination during 2002-03 were documented. Of 9037 cases enrolled in the study, 637 had positive examination results (7.1%). Of these 531 (5.9%) cases ...
Kamani L - - 2008
Granulomatous inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon entity; an aetiopathogenic diagnosis can be reached only by combining the morphological examination with clinical and laboratory investigations. We report two cases of granulomatous gastritis: a 27-year-old woman presenting with weight loss and a 55-year-old woman presenting with epigastric pain and ...
Gopi P G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) is an important epidemiological index to measure the load of the disease in a community. A series of disease surveys were undertaken in rural community in Tiruvallur district in Tamilnadu, south India OBJECTIVE: To investigate the yield of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) cases by different symptoms ...
Deps P D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium leprae infection has recently been detected in wild armadillos in Brazil. Leprosy is still endemic in Brazil and although its transmission is mostly by person-to-person contact, many cases report no history of previously known leprosy contact. It has been suggested that other sources of M. leprae may contribute ...
Shirayama Yoshihisa - - 2008
In Khammouane province, Laos, over 5000 slide-positive malaria cases were reported at local health facilities in 1997. To combat the spread of malaria, insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and community health education were provided to the people in this province by the Lao Ministry of Health and the Japan International Cooperation Agency. ...
Mali Sonja - - 2008
Malaria in humans is caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae). These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have ...
Rodwell Timothy C - - 2008
The epidemiology of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States is changing as the incidence of disease becomes more concentrated in foreign-born persons. Mycobacterium bovis appears to be contributing substantially to the TB incidence in some binational communities with ties to Mexico. We conducted a retrospective analysis of TB case surveillance ...
McPherson Michelle E - - 2008
In Australia, most cases of tuberculosis (TB) occur in migrants. To inform control strategies for this group, we investigated all laboratory confirmed tuberculosis cases diagnosed by the State TB reference laboratory in Victoria between 1990 and 2004. The laboratory data were matched to notification data to determine country of birth ...
Calderaro Adriana - - 2008
Our study aimed to describe the occurrence of imported malaria in a nonendemic area (Parma, Italy) during the period 2000 to 2007, comparing the data obtained by microscopy and molecular assays targeting plasmodial 18S subunit rRNA gene. The prevalence of imported malaria in Parma was 21.8% by microscopy and 22.7% ...
Semaan Rita - - 2008
Compared to other organs, skin is an uncommon site of tuberculosis involvement. In the era of HIV infection, increased intravenous drug abuse, and the use of immunosuppressive therapy for various systemic diseases, tuberculosis in all its forms, including skin tuberculosis, has re-emerged. We report two cases of primary cutaneous tuberculosis ...
Bai Kuan-Jen - - 2008
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The foreign-born population has been growing in Taiwan. Most foreign-born persons come from countries with a high burden of tuberculosis (TB). Monitoring the trend and characteristics of TB in this population is essential for TB control in Taiwan. METHODS: Information about foreign-born persons residing in Taiwan and data of ...
Pistone Thierry - - 2008
Among Western countries, France has the highest incidence of imported malaria cases, mostly from travellers visiting Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Despite related high costs of imported malaria assumed by the public French national health insurance system (FHS), the latter does not reimburse travellers for malaria chemoprophylaxis (MC). This study aims to ...
- - 2008
In 2007, a total of 13,293 tuberculosis (TB) cases were reported in the United States; the TB rate declined 4.2% from 2006 to 4.4 cases per 100,000 population. This report summarizes provisional 2007 data from the National TB Surveillance System and describes trends since 1993. The TB incidence rate in ...
Jones Kelsey D J - - 2008
The extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) categorisation has been developed as a phenotypic description of those TB strains that are resistant to most conventional anti-TB drugs. While widely accepted to have significant incidence in those areas, such as Eastern Europe, that have high levels of multidrug resistance, recent reports have described ...
Scholten J N - - 2008
SETTING: The World Health Organization (WHO) European Region, which includes 52 countries. OBJECTIVE: To assess an epidemiological data collection tool implemented in 2004 for recording human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status among tuberculosis (TB) patients. DESIGN: Based on WHO estimates, the reported number of TB patients with HIV was compared with ...
Mor Zohar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The crowded environment of correctional facilities may enhance infectious diseases transmission, such as tuberculosis. OBJECTIVES: To define the tuberculosis burden in prisons in Israel, a country of low TB incidence (7.9 cases:100,000 population in 2004), in which about 13,000 inmates are being incarcerated annually, and to recommend policy adaptations ...
Langenskiold Elisabeth - - 2008
To determine the yield of contact tracing after exposure to active tuberculosis (TB) cases in a low incidence area for TB as well as completion rate and tolerance to treatment for latent TB infection (LTBI). Retrospective study based on a database including all patients evaluated in Geneva during contact tracing ...
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