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Results 451 - 500 of 712
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Barat L M - - 1999
The global resurgence of malaria has raised concerns of the possible reintroduction of indigenous transmission in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Malaria Surveillance System, using data supplied by state and local health departments (SLHDs), is maintained to detect local malaria transmission and monitor trends ...
López-Vélez R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The number of Spanish travelers visiting malaria endemic areas, and the number of immigrants from malarial countries arriving in Spain are continuously increasing. However, little information about imported cases in Spain is available. METHODS: A prospective clinicoepidemiological study of imported cases of malaria diagnosed at a referral teaching hospital ...
Ning X - - 1999
With a sharp increase of the number of imported cases of falciparum malaria, the potential risk of the reemergent transmission of this kind of malaria is approaching imminently in Sichuan Province, China, where falciparum malaria had completely been eliminated by the 1960s. It has been of concern whether the epidemic ...
Chandra S - - 1999
Tuberculosis (TB) of the spleen is rare, especially in the immunocompetent. Recently there has been an increase in the incidence of splenic TB, primarily attributable to the raging HIV epidemic. Almost all cases of splenic TB present as multiple hypoechoic foci (< 2 cm) on ultrasonography. We present a case ...
Vynnycky E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The dramatic decline in tuberculosis (TB) in developed countries during the past century has been attributed to many factors, including improvements in living and social conditions and, more recently, effective treatment. Each of these changes should have reduced the average number of individuals 'effectively contacted' (i.e. sufficiently to transmit ...
Izawa Jonathan I. - - 1999
Tuberculosis can involve the genitourinary tract and may be the sole manifestation of this disease. We herein report a case of tuberculous epididymo-orchitis. Based on our experience and a review of the literature, we feel prompt management and heightened awareness of those patients most prone to genitourinary tuberculosis is necessary ...
Rossi R - - 1999
We present a case of primary tuberculosis of the inner lining of the prepuce in a 63-year-old man. The condition resembled carcinoma. The diagnosis was based on histopathology and on M. tuberculosis culture. Successful treatment was by a combined medical and surgical approach. The rarity of the case is emphasized.
Jianping S - - 1999
A sero-epidemiological survey on 1,833 healthy residents was carried out in 6 villages of a leprosy high-endemic area in Wenshan and Guangnan counties, Yunnan Province. The part of the residents with initially antibody-positive as well as the part of residents with initially antibody-negative have been followed up for 3 consecutive ...
Peck-Radosavljevic M - - 1999
We report the case of a 42 years old, non-immunocompromised native Austrian living in Vienna. He presented at home with severe dyspnea and had to be intubated immediately. Shortly after hospital admission, he developed severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and septic shock with massive, bilobar patchy to confluent infiltrations ...
Williams H A - - 1999
Malaria is caused by four species of Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, or P. malariae), which are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles sp. mosquito. Most malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to areas with ongoing transmission. Occasionally, ...
Ambrosetti M - - 1999
In Italy, no national data on tuberculosis (TB) treatment results were available. In 1995, the AIPO (Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists) TB Study Group, in collaboration with the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (technical branch of the Ministry of Health), started a prospective monitoring activity based on World Health Organization (WHO) ...
Harrison A C - - 1999
AIMS: To evaluate the role of fine needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnosis of tuberculous and non-tuberculous mycobacterial cervical adenitis in Auckland, and to examine the demography of these conditions. METHOD: We reviewed the medical records of cases of mycobacterial adenitis in the Auckland region between 1991-1994. Cases were identified ...
Schwoebel V - - 1999
In 1995, countries of the WHO European Region approved WHO/IUATLD recommendations for the standardisation of tuberculosis in Europe including a common case definition, the notification of cases by both clinicians and laboratories, the computerisation of individual data and a common list of essential variables. Since 1996, the Euro TB programme ...
Hong-Ping G - - 1998
The sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine in vivo was examined out in a small town in the Red River basin from 1995 to 1996. forty cases were recruited into the present study, 32 cases were completely followed-up. The results of the in vivo study revealed that only 3 (9%) ...
Granich R M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of foreign-born people with tuberculosis (TB) in Southern Florida, their contribution to the total number of TB cases, and available data on their HIV status as well as to determine the number of cases detected by the overseas medical screening of immigrants and refugees. METHODS: ...
Muñoz R M - - 1998
Three cases are presented of tuberculosis occurring in a series of 410 heart transplant recipients in a Spanish hospital, representing a rate of 0.73%. Twenty-eight cases reported in the literature are also reviewed. In most series reported, tuberculosis occurred in a small percentage of heart transplant recipients, the average rate ...
MacIntyre C R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether incident cases of tuberculosis (TB) in a cohort of South-East Asian refugees followed for 5 years after resettlement were potentially preventable and whether prevention of TB was optimal in a state refugee TB screening program in Victoria, Australia. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study ...
Bryan J - - 1998
Australia is free from endemic malaria but several hundred imported cases occur each year. Notification and screening data on malaria cases are collected by State and Territory health authorities and laboratories and forwarded to the Australian Malaria Register (AMR) for national collation and analysis. This report provides information on 758 ...
Berney T - - 1998
Gastrointestinal tuberculosis (TB) is rare, but its incidence is increasing in industrialized countries because of the growing numbers of individuals at risk for TB. Herein, we report the exceptional case of a young, HIV-negative, African refugee who presented with acute perforation of an isolated duodenal tuberculous ulcer. Clinical patterns of ...
Hombhanje F W - - 1998
The microscopical diagnosis of Plasmodium ovale infection is reviewed and its similarity to Plasmodium vivax emphasized. Its presence in Papua New Guinea has been recognized for many years, from a time not long after Stephens first described the species in 1922, but it is rarely reported. There is no doubt ...
Lathan S R - - 1998
It seems likely that an old tubercular lesion of the lung had been activated during Wolfe's acute pneumonia and that the disease had spread to the brain. The chest x-ray with the right upper lobe infiltrate was certainly typical of pulmonary tuberculosis, and the spinal fluid findings were characteristic of ...
- - 1998
The dissolution of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) has resulted in the disruption of the health infrastructure in many of the republics, as indicated in part by increases in infectious diseases that were previously controlled (e.g., diphtheria, typhoid, and hepatitis A). In 1994, the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Armenia ...
Brock N N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe the epidemiology of tuberculosis ((TB) among inmates in the Georgia state prison system; to evaluate the effectiveness of the TB case detection methods used; to evaluate the use of contact tracing for inmate TB cases; and to determine rates of completion of therapy. ...
Kumar N - - 1998
Fine needle aspirates (FNA) were obtained from lymph node and other sites in 250 suspected cases of tuberculosis. Twenty-four cases proved to be non-tubercular on FNA smears and served as negative controls. Of the smears obtained from the remaining 226 cases, 233 were classified into five groups based on cytomorphological ...
Sarwari A R - - 1998
In the U.S., malaria predominately occurs in travelers and immigrants. We report a series of 40 cases at West Virginia University Hospital, and 24 of whom were students who had visited areas of East Africa, West Africa and Asia usually in either December, January, August or September. Most patients (79%) ...
Cao J P - - 1998
SETTING: The tuberculosis component of the Infectious and Endemic Disease Control Project in the People's Republic of China is the largest single tuberculosis control project in the world using directly-observed therapy and standardized intermittent regimens. OBJECTIVE: To determine the two-year relapse and mortality rates following completion of treatment. DESIGN: A ...
- - 1998
During 1997, a total of 19,855 cases of tuberculosis (TB) (7.4 cases per 100,000 population) were reported to CDC from the 50 states and the District of Columbia, representing a 7% decrease from 1996 and a 26% decrease from 1992, when the number of cases peaked during the resurgence of ...
Basu K - - 1998
A total of 405 cases of fever who were either admitted to the Hospital or attended in paediatric out patient Department or Emergency of Medical College Hospital, Calcutta between January '95 and November '95 were included in the study. Majority of cases presented with usual features of malaria like fever ...
Löytönen M - - 1998
Since the collapse of the Soviet system, travel between the St Petersburg district and the Baltic states and Finland has increased substantially. Although it is difficult to obtain exact figures on the number of cases of tuberculosis (TB) and multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB in these countries, there is strong evidence ...
Jamaiah I - - 1998
Over a period of ten years (1983-1992), 134 malaria cases admitted to University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur (UHKL) were analysed. Malays constituted 27.6%, Chinese 29.8%, Indians 9.7%, Indonesians 16.4% and other foreigners 16.4%. Therefore, of the total number of cases, foreigners constituted 32.8% (44) of all the malaria cases admitted to ...
Lo S F - - 1998
Tuberculosis affecting the pancreas is rare. Its occurrence may pose a diagnostic problem in differentiating it from carcinoma of the pancreas. Two cases of tuberculosis affecting the pancreas are reported, illustrating the value of fine needle aspiration in such a situation. The response of the disease to antituberculous drugs was ...
Husain S - - 1998
Ulnar neurolysis in 279 cases of leprosy was performed with objectives of relief in neuritic pain and impending/ existing sensory motor loss of varying extent. Of the above, 193 could be followed between 3-10 years. Neuritic pain was first to disappear. 48.7% of the 193 cases showed sensory recovery. Motor ...
Nandy A - - 1998
Recurrence of kala-azar after post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) has remained uncommon. We report here two patients with recurrence of kala-azar (KA) after development of PKDL. In one case the second attack of KA was preceded by repeated attacks of malaria and tuberculosis, and in the other the recurrence of ...
Dayal R - - 1998
The objective was to detect nucleic acids of M. leprae in skin lesions of leprosy patients and study the effect of treatment on these nucleic acids, using r-RNA gene probes, using a cross sectional study. The study was carried out at Department of Paediatrics, S.N. Medical College, Agra and Department ...
McNeeley D F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The transmission of malaria has increased in recent years in many countries where it was once eradicated or under control, and malaria remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the developing world. Imported cases of malaria have been increasing in New York City and throughout the United ...
Orndorff G - - 1997
During Operation Assured Response in Liberia and Sierra Leone, between May and July 1996, five confirmed cases of falciparum malaria occurred in U.S. Navy personnel. The threat of malaria in west central Africa was recognized from the outset, and preventive medicine guidance was given to all the units participating in ...
Bouma M J - - 1997
The interannual variation in malaria cases in Colombia between 1960 and 1992 shows a close association with a periodic climatic phenomenon known as El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Compared with other years, malaria cases increased by 17.3% during a Niño year and by 35.1% in the post-Niño year. The annual ...
Kachur S P - - 1997
Malaria is caused by infection with one of four species of Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae ), which are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles sp. mosquito. Most malarial infections in the United States occur in persons who have traveled to ...
Hathiram B T - - 1997
Tuberculoma of the cheek in the absence of tuberculosis elsewhere in the body is rarely seen and hence rarely thought of as a differential diagnosis when such a patient presents. In the following case, the patient was provisionally diagnosed as carcinoma of the cheek because of the exophytic nature of ...
Rieder H L - - 1997
SETTING: Laboratories performing sputum smear microscopy for tuberculosis in Benin, Malawi, Nicaragua and Senegal. METHODS: Analysis of computerized laboratory registers to ascertain workload, yield from serial smear examination, and demographic characteristics of examinees. RESULTS: Data from more than 60,000 examinees in 42 laboratories showed that the average number of smears ...
Chung C C - - 1997
From the computerized pathology record, three cases of anal and perianal tuberculosis were encountered in the Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong during the last 10 years. The clinical history, examination findings and relevant investigations were reviewed retrospectively. Comparison was made with previous literature. Emphasis was put on the diversity ...
Croft R A - - 1997
Tuberculosis (TB) control was introduced into part of the Danish Bangladesh Leprosy Mission's large leprosy control programme in 1994. This was in line with the Government's policy of combining leprosy and TB control. We report our experience with integration. Leprosy case-finding has increased during the period, and staff satisfaction and ...
Jenkin G A - - 1997
We report a patient with Plasmodium vivax malaria that was acquired in Cairns in October 1996. Rather than being "introduced" (i.e., derived from an imported case), we believe this is likely to have been a case of "airport malaria" (i.e., acquired from an infected mosquito imported in an aircraft). It ...
Truong D H - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study screening outcomes among a group of Tibetan immigrants at high risk for developing active tuberculosis (TB) after arrival in Minnesota. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 191 Tibetan immigrants undergoing medical screening. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Occurrence and treatment outcomes of active TB. SETTING: A health ...
Curado I - - 1997
During 1992-1994, 33 malaria cases were reported in two regions in Brazil where few sporadic atypical cases occur, most of them in home owners, who are weekenders, while home caretakers live there permanently. Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Test (IFAT), with Plasmodium vivax, and Enzime Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) with repeat peptides ...
Ma Y Y - - 1997
A rare case of vulvovaginal tuberculosis is reported. A 76-year-old woman presented with a painful ulcer at the posterior fourchette and lower vagina for 6 weeks. Direct biopsy for histologic examination revealed mycobacterial infection. Anti-tuberculosis treatment was effective for this patient. We suggest prompt biopsies for suspicious vulvar or vaginal ...
Venugopalan P P - - 1997
The city of Mangalore in South India was having increasing number of malaria cases from 1990. Concerned over the import of cases through migrant construction workers, a screening was done among them using clinical and parasitological methods. This demonstrated 6.28% slide positivity rate with statistically insignificant difference in prevalence of ...
Saul A - - 1997
Malaria in Morong, Bataan, The Philippines, a municipality with relatively low level, but stable malaria is associated with small foci of relatively high endemicity. Although there is little association between age and symptomatic malaria, there is a reservoir of asymptomatic cases which are present throughout the year. Risk analysis suggests ...
Karnak I - - 1997
Four patients admitted to the Hacettepe University Department of Pediatric Surgery between 1987 and 1995, two with Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) lymphadenitis and two with multisystem postvaccination tuberculosis (MPT), are presented. The hospital records and records of the Ministery of Health Tuberculosis Control Department were evaluated to determine the complications of ...
Zuber P L - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of foreign-born tuberculosis (TB) cases in Los Angeles County and to evaluate current TB screening and follow-up of immigrants and refugees (I&R) to the USA. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the Los Angeles County TB registry between October 1992 and December 1994. We matched all cases ...
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