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Results 451 - 500 of 726
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Kumaresan J A - - 1999
Tuberculosis control efforts should be evaluated periodically to assess progress made by national programmes and to plan for the future. Simple and reliable tools are required for such assessments. This paper summarises the methodology and results of the review of the national tuberculosis programme in Bangladesh conducted in 1997. The ...
- - 1999
A Leprosy Elimination Campaign (LEC) is an initiative which aims to detect leprosy cases, particularly the more serious ones referred to as 'cases of consequence', that remain undetected in the community, and to treat them with MDT. This will subsequently reduce the delay in managing such cases in the community ...
Leopoldino J F - - 1999
Malaria is a parasitic disease with high prevalence in several regions of the world. Infestation by Plasmodium faciparum can, in some cases, affect the central nervous system producing encephalitis resulting in death or neurological sequelae. The mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of the cerebral lesion are not totally clear and ...
Hajioff D - - 1999
We report a case of primary tuberculosis of the posterior oropharyngeal wall presenting with sore throat, fever and malaise. Pharyngeal tuberculosis is rare and usually occurs with primary pulmonary disease. Primary disease has been reported in small numbers in the nasopharynx and palatine tonsil but never before, to our knowledge, ...
Matteelli A - - 1999
We report the results of a retrospective analysis of the clinical charts of imported malaria cases notified during the period 1991-95 in the Lombardy region of northern Italy. We analysed 694 admissions related to 683 individuals. The proportion of immigrants increased during the observation period from 34.4% in 1991 to ...
Chai J Y - - 1999
Plasmodium vivax malaria, which was highly prevalent in the Republic of Korea, disappeared rapidly since 1970s. However, malaria re-emerged with the first occurrence of a patient in 1993 near the demilitarized zone (DMZ), the border between South Korea and North Korea. Thereafter, the number of cases increased exponentially year after ...
Albonico M - - 1999
The Malagashy national malaria control programme ('Programme National de Lutte contre le Paludisme', PNLP) has been developing, since 1996, an epidemiological early warning system for malaria epidemics in the Central Highlands with the support of the Italian Development Cooperation. The system is based on the monitoring of malaria morbidity (clinical ...
Tiendrebéogo A - - 1999
Kita is a health district of Mali, a leprosy-endemic country in West Africa. We conducted a comparative study of passive and active case finding of leprosy in this district in 1997. In May and June, a mobile team realized active case finding by visiting 32 villages of more than 1000 ...
Castelli F - - 1999
An increasing proportion of malaria cases in Italy is observed in immigrants revisiting their country of origin, but little specific research work has been carried out in this field. All malaria cases occurring from 1990 to 1998 at the Reference Clinic for Infectious and Tropical Diseases in Brescia were prospectically ...
Singhasivanon P - - 1999
During the past three decades almost half of the existing natural tropical forests in Thailand were destroyed and replaced by cash crops, rubber, coffee, fruit orchards (durian, rambutan, mangosteen) and other commercial plantations. In order to determine the proportion of malaria cases contracted from such commercial plantations, an epidemiological study ...
Gregorakos L - - 1999
Malaria remains today one of the major health problems in the tropics with increased morbidity and mortality. The most serious complications are caused by Plasmodium falciparum, which, in contrast to the benign malarias, may progress to a life-threatening multi-system disease. Our case concerns a young woman in the 14th week ...
Kimerling M E - - 1999
SETTING: Two homeless shelters in Birmingham, Alabama. OBJECTIVE: To interrupt tuberculosis transmission and evaluate the utility of spot sputum screening. DESIGN: Two shelters participated in the study between May 1996 and February 1997. A spot sputum specimen was collected on a given evening from each overnight client. Information was obtained ...
Anand K - - 1999
Malaria has re-emerged as a major public health problem in India. At present, under the National guidelines; all fevers are presumed to be due to malaria and chloroquine is given as presumptive treatment. This results in overtreatment. We did a pilot study to see whether some clinical predictors of malaria ...
Ambrosetti M - - 1999
In Italy, no national data on tuberculosis (TB) treatment results were available. In 1995, the AIPO (Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists) TB Study Group, in collaboration with the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (technical branch of the Ministry of Health), started a prospective monitoring activity based on World Health Organization (WHO) ...
Barat L M - - 1999
The global resurgence of malaria has raised concerns of the possible reintroduction of indigenous transmission in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Malaria Surveillance System, using data supplied by state and local health departments (SLHDs), is maintained to detect local malaria transmission and monitor trends ...
López-Vélez R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The number of Spanish travelers visiting malaria endemic areas, and the number of immigrants from malarial countries arriving in Spain are continuously increasing. However, little information about imported cases in Spain is available. METHODS: A prospective clinicoepidemiological study of imported cases of malaria diagnosed at a referral teaching hospital ...
Ning X - - 1999
With a sharp increase of the number of imported cases of falciparum malaria, the potential risk of the reemergent transmission of this kind of malaria is approaching imminently in Sichuan Province, China, where falciparum malaria had completely been eliminated by the 1960s. It has been of concern whether the epidemic ...
Chandra S - - 1999
Tuberculosis (TB) of the spleen is rare, especially in the immunocompetent. Recently there has been an increase in the incidence of splenic TB, primarily attributable to the raging HIV epidemic. Almost all cases of splenic TB present as multiple hypoechoic foci (< 2 cm) on ultrasonography. We present a case ...
Vynnycky E - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The dramatic decline in tuberculosis (TB) in developed countries during the past century has been attributed to many factors, including improvements in living and social conditions and, more recently, effective treatment. Each of these changes should have reduced the average number of individuals 'effectively contacted' (i.e. sufficiently to transmit ...
Izawa Jonathan I. - - 1999
Tuberculosis can involve the genitourinary tract and may be the sole manifestation of this disease. We herein report a case of tuberculous epididymo-orchitis. Based on our experience and a review of the literature, we feel prompt management and heightened awareness of those patients most prone to genitourinary tuberculosis is necessary ...
Rossi R - - 1999
We present a case of primary tuberculosis of the inner lining of the prepuce in a 63-year-old man. The condition resembled carcinoma. The diagnosis was based on histopathology and on M. tuberculosis culture. Successful treatment was by a combined medical and surgical approach. The rarity of the case is emphasized.
Jianping S - - 1999
A sero-epidemiological survey on 1,833 healthy residents was carried out in 6 villages of a leprosy high-endemic area in Wenshan and Guangnan counties, Yunnan Province. The part of the residents with initially antibody-positive as well as the part of residents with initially antibody-negative have been followed up for 3 consecutive ...
Peck-Radosavljevic M - - 1999
We report the case of a 42 years old, non-immunocompromised native Austrian living in Vienna. He presented at home with severe dyspnea and had to be intubated immediately. Shortly after hospital admission, he developed severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and septic shock with massive, bilobar patchy to confluent infiltrations ...
Williams H A - - 1999
Malaria is caused by four species of Plasmodium (i.e., P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, or P. malariae), which are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles sp. mosquito. Most malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to areas with ongoing transmission. Occasionally, ...
Ambrosetti M - - 1999
In Italy, no national data on tuberculosis (TB) treatment results were available. In 1995, the AIPO (Italian Association of Hospital Pneumologists) TB Study Group, in collaboration with the Istituto Superiore di Sanità (technical branch of the Ministry of Health), started a prospective monitoring activity based on World Health Organization (WHO) ...
Harrison A C - - 1999
AIMS: To evaluate the role of fine needle aspiration (FNA) in the diagnosis of tuberculous and non-tuberculous mycobacterial cervical adenitis in Auckland, and to examine the demography of these conditions. METHOD: We reviewed the medical records of cases of mycobacterial adenitis in the Auckland region between 1991-1994. Cases were identified ...
Schwoebel V - - 1999
In 1995, countries of the WHO European Region approved WHO/IUATLD recommendations for the standardisation of tuberculosis in Europe including a common case definition, the notification of cases by both clinicians and laboratories, the computerisation of individual data and a common list of essential variables. Since 1996, the Euro TB programme ...
Hong-Ping G - - 1998
The sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine in vivo was examined out in a small town in the Red River basin from 1995 to 1996. forty cases were recruited into the present study, 32 cases were completely followed-up. The results of the in vivo study revealed that only 3 (9%) ...
Granich R M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of foreign-born people with tuberculosis (TB) in Southern Florida, their contribution to the total number of TB cases, and available data on their HIV status as well as to determine the number of cases detected by the overseas medical screening of immigrants and refugees. METHODS: ...
Muñoz R M - - 1998
Three cases are presented of tuberculosis occurring in a series of 410 heart transplant recipients in a Spanish hospital, representing a rate of 0.73%. Twenty-eight cases reported in the literature are also reviewed. In most series reported, tuberculosis occurred in a small percentage of heart transplant recipients, the average rate ...
MacIntyre C R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether incident cases of tuberculosis (TB) in a cohort of South-East Asian refugees followed for 5 years after resettlement were potentially preventable and whether prevention of TB was optimal in a state refugee TB screening program in Victoria, Australia. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study ...
Bryan J - - 1998
Australia is free from endemic malaria but several hundred imported cases occur each year. Notification and screening data on malaria cases are collected by State and Territory health authorities and laboratories and forwarded to the Australian Malaria Register (AMR) for national collation and analysis. This report provides information on 758 ...
Berney T - - 1998
Gastrointestinal tuberculosis (TB) is rare, but its incidence is increasing in industrialized countries because of the growing numbers of individuals at risk for TB. Herein, we report the exceptional case of a young, HIV-negative, African refugee who presented with acute perforation of an isolated duodenal tuberculous ulcer. Clinical patterns of ...
Hombhanje F W - - 1998
The microscopical diagnosis of Plasmodium ovale infection is reviewed and its similarity to Plasmodium vivax emphasized. Its presence in Papua New Guinea has been recognized for many years, from a time not long after Stephens first described the species in 1922, but it is rarely reported. There is no doubt ...
Lathan S R - - 1998
It seems likely that an old tubercular lesion of the lung had been activated during Wolfe's acute pneumonia and that the disease had spread to the brain. The chest x-ray with the right upper lobe infiltrate was certainly typical of pulmonary tuberculosis, and the spinal fluid findings were characteristic of ...
- - 1998
The dissolution of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) has resulted in the disruption of the health infrastructure in many of the republics, as indicated in part by increases in infectious diseases that were previously controlled (e.g., diphtheria, typhoid, and hepatitis A). In 1994, the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Armenia ...
Brock N N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe the epidemiology of tuberculosis ((TB) among inmates in the Georgia state prison system; to evaluate the effectiveness of the TB case detection methods used; to evaluate the use of contact tracing for inmate TB cases; and to determine rates of completion of therapy. ...
Kumar N - - 1998
Fine needle aspirates (FNA) were obtained from lymph node and other sites in 250 suspected cases of tuberculosis. Twenty-four cases proved to be non-tubercular on FNA smears and served as negative controls. Of the smears obtained from the remaining 226 cases, 233 were classified into five groups based on cytomorphological ...
Sarwari A R - - 1998
In the U.S., malaria predominately occurs in travelers and immigrants. We report a series of 40 cases at West Virginia University Hospital, and 24 of whom were students who had visited areas of East Africa, West Africa and Asia usually in either December, January, August or September. Most patients (79%) ...
Cao J P - - 1998
SETTING: The tuberculosis component of the Infectious and Endemic Disease Control Project in the People's Republic of China is the largest single tuberculosis control project in the world using directly-observed therapy and standardized intermittent regimens. OBJECTIVE: To determine the two-year relapse and mortality rates following completion of treatment. DESIGN: A ...
- - 1998
During 1997, a total of 19,855 cases of tuberculosis (TB) (7.4 cases per 100,000 population) were reported to CDC from the 50 states and the District of Columbia, representing a 7% decrease from 1996 and a 26% decrease from 1992, when the number of cases peaked during the resurgence of ...
Basu K - - 1998
A total of 405 cases of fever who were either admitted to the Hospital or attended in paediatric out patient Department or Emergency of Medical College Hospital, Calcutta between January '95 and November '95 were included in the study. Majority of cases presented with usual features of malaria like fever ...
Löytönen M - - 1998
Since the collapse of the Soviet system, travel between the St Petersburg district and the Baltic states and Finland has increased substantially. Although it is difficult to obtain exact figures on the number of cases of tuberculosis (TB) and multi-drug resistant (MDR) TB in these countries, there is strong evidence ...
Jamaiah I - - 1998
Over a period of ten years (1983-1992), 134 malaria cases admitted to University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur (UHKL) were analysed. Malays constituted 27.6%, Chinese 29.8%, Indians 9.7%, Indonesians 16.4% and other foreigners 16.4%. Therefore, of the total number of cases, foreigners constituted 32.8% (44) of all the malaria cases admitted to ...
Lo S F - - 1998
Tuberculosis affecting the pancreas is rare. Its occurrence may pose a diagnostic problem in differentiating it from carcinoma of the pancreas. Two cases of tuberculosis affecting the pancreas are reported, illustrating the value of fine needle aspiration in such a situation. The response of the disease to antituberculous drugs was ...
Husain S - - 1998
Ulnar neurolysis in 279 cases of leprosy was performed with objectives of relief in neuritic pain and impending/ existing sensory motor loss of varying extent. Of the above, 193 could be followed between 3-10 years. Neuritic pain was first to disappear. 48.7% of the 193 cases showed sensory recovery. Motor ...
Nandy A - - 1998
Recurrence of kala-azar after post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) has remained uncommon. We report here two patients with recurrence of kala-azar (KA) after development of PKDL. In one case the second attack of KA was preceded by repeated attacks of malaria and tuberculosis, and in the other the recurrence of ...
Dayal R - - 1998
The objective was to detect nucleic acids of M. leprae in skin lesions of leprosy patients and study the effect of treatment on these nucleic acids, using r-RNA gene probes, using a cross sectional study. The study was carried out at Department of Paediatrics, S.N. Medical College, Agra and Department ...
McNeeley D F DF Bureau of Communicable Diseases of the New York City Department of Health, New York, New York, - - 1998
The transmission of malaria has increased in recent years in many countries where it was once eradicated or under control, and malaria remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the developing world. Imported cases of malaria have been increasing in New York City and throughout the United States ...
Orndorff G - - 1997
During Operation Assured Response in Liberia and Sierra Leone, between May and July 1996, five confirmed cases of falciparum malaria occurred in U.S. Navy personnel. The threat of malaria in west central Africa was recognized from the outset, and preventive medicine guidance was given to all the units participating in ...
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