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Uralo─člu Muhammet M From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, - - 2014
Congenital nail abnormalities (CNAs) are rare conditions in which the nail tissue appears abnormal compared with the fingers and the toes. They usually present accompanying deformities and disorders. Our purpose was to review the current literature on the clinical aspects of CNA. We reviewed the literature to evaluate peer-reviewed articles ...
Bhatta Anil K AK Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Tongji Hospital affiliated to Tongji University School of medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
It has always been difficult to treat onychomycosis due to decrease ability of topical agents to penetrate the nail and reach the affected nail bed. Oral antifungal have shown good response but due to longer duration course it has potential to cause systemic side effects, leading to patient non-adherence and ...
Elgafy Hossein H Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Toldedo Medical Center, Toledo, OH. - - 2014
Coccidioidomycosis infections result from inhalation of the dimorphic fungus Coccidiodes immitis. Coccidioidomycosis typically is benign, but its extremely rare disseminated form can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Dissemination of the fungus to the spine is difficult to control and usually requires an aggressive combination approach (surgical/medical). In this article, ...
Mazzocato S S Clinica Malattie Infettive, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria, Ospedali Riuniti Umberto I-Lancisi-Salesi, Via Conca, Torrette di Ancona, 60020, Ancona, - - 2014
A case of systemic infection due to Saprochaete capitata in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia is described. A review of the literature was conducted to identify all reported cases of this infection described between 1977 and August 2013. One hundred and four cases (included the present one) were identified. ...
Halliday Jane J Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Preston Hospital , Fulwood, Preston , - - 2014
Cerebral aspergillosis is rare and presents a high mortality. We report a case of cerebral aspergillosis following elective clipping of an intracerebral aneurysm and review the literature surrounding the topic. Early diagnosis and aggressive treatment maximizes survival rates.
Rathi M M Department of Nephrology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
We present a case of CAPD peritonitis caused by zygomycetes infection. A 46-year-old male patient presented with refractory peritonitis requiring catheter removal. He had persistence of fever and an ultrasonography abdomen done revealed loculated collections. An initial pigtail drainage followed by open laparotomy was performed. Intra-operative peritoneal and omental biopsy ...
Howard Susan Julie SJ Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK, - - 2014
Reports of cryptic species causing aspergillosis in humans are increasing in the literature. Cryptic species are defined as those which are morphologically indistinguishable, although their identifications can be confirmed using molecular or other techniques which continue to become more widely available in the clinical setting. Antifungal resistance has often been ...
Antinori Spinello S 3rd Division of Infectious Diseases, Luigi Sacco Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University of Milan, Via GB Grassi 74, 20157, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Fungal endocarditis (FE) is a "modern" disease that is considered an emerging cause of infective endocarditis (IE). The most frequently identified fungal pathogens are Candida spp., which are responsible for up to two-thirds of all cases; the remaining cases are due to Aspergillus spp., Histoplasma capsulatum or, more rarely, other ...
Kang Daoxian D Department of Dermatovenereology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China, - - 2014
We report a case of primary cutaneous mucormycosis caused by Mucor irregularis. A 47-year-old farmer was presented to our clinic with the history of progressive red plaque around the inner canthus following dacryocystectomy about a year earlier. Linear, aseptate hyphae were seen by direct KOH examination and in biopsy. Fungal ...
Rivera Nina Thakkar NT Department of Internal Medicine, Broward Health Medical Center, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA - - 2014
Infection of implanted cardiac devices has a low rate of occurrence. Fungal infections of such devices represent an atypical phenomenon, associated with high mortality. Both medical and surgical therapies are recommended for a successful outcome. A 60-year-old woman with past medical history of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, implantable ...
Chatterjee Debajyoti D Department of Histopathology, (PGIMER), Sector-12, Chandigarh-160012, - - 2014
Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) is a rare condition characterized by extensive proliferation of fibrous tissue in the mediastinum resulting in mass like lesion. Histoplasma and Mycobacterium tuberculosis are the common infective causes of fibrosing mediastinitis, but Aspergillus infection is an extremely rare cause. Fibrosing mediastinitis due to Aspergillus usually occurs following ...
Barocas J A JA Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2014
Blastomyces dermatitidis is a dimorphic fungus endemic to the midwestern, south-central, and southeastern United States known to cause disseminated infection in immunocompromised individuals. We report a case of B. dermatitidis peritonitis in a renal allograft recipient with new-onset ascites and cytomegalovirus encephalitis. Peritoneal blastomycosis is a rare clinical entity and, to ...
Pao Kristina Y KY Wills Eye Institute at Thomas Jefferson University , Philadelphia, PA , USA - - 2014
Abstract Background: We report a case of allergic fungal sinusitis (AFS) involving the lacrimal sac and review the current English literature. A literature search for AFS involving the lacrimal sac revealed two reports with only one of the two cases demonstrating histological evidence of fungal elements. This is just the ...
Casciaro Rosaria - - 2014
Objectives: To review the data available in literature about nebulized amphotericin B (AMB) in the treatment of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in cystic fibrosis (CF) and to report our experience in the use of this drug, with a particular therapeutic scheme. Case Report: We used nebulized liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) ...
Idiga Juliet J *Department of Opthalmology, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York; and †Department of Opthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Mucormycosis is a rare fungal infection typically limited to immunocompromised patients or patients with diabetes. Clinical manifestation varies, with rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis as the most common presentation. The authors present here a 56-year-old man who complained of isolated OD pain with no evidence of cerebral or sinus inflammation on imaging. Enucleation ...
Praneenararat Surat S Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, - - 2014
Lower gastrointestinal tract infections caused by Candida species are rarely reported, and Candida albicans is the only pathogen that has been identified. The author reports a first case of colonic candidiasis caused by Candida tropicalis in a 55-year-old female with diabetes mellitus type 2, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and neutropenia ...
Maturu Venkata N VN The authors are affiliated with the Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
A reversed halo sign (RHS) is defined as the presence of a focal ring-shaped area of ground-glass opacity within a peripheral rim of consolidation. Although originally described in patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, it has been described with several other noninfectious and infectious diseases, including fungal infections. Thus, it is ...
Sahin Gulay Ozel GO Department of Dermatology, Mevlana University, Konya, - - 2014
Dermatophytes are rarely taken into account among the causes of blepharitis. In our report, we describe a 69-year-old man and a 40-year-old woman with chronic blepharitis for 10 years and 4 years respectively, in whom we examined the scales and pulled eyelashes on direct microscopy and isolated Microsporum audouinii and Trichophyton verrrucosum ...
Zaias N N Dermatology division, Greater Miami Skin and Laser, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL, - - 2014
Opportunistic onychomycosis is defined, when a non-dermatophyte mould is cultured from an abnormal nail unit in the absence of a dermatophyte. The presumption is that the mould has caused the abnormal clinical appearance of the nail unit, yet there are no data available to substantiate this claim. Reports have only ...
Al-Maani Amal S AS Departments of Child Health, Royal Hospital, Muscat, - - 2014
Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB) is a rare fungal infection with few reported cases worldwide. We report here the first case diagnosed in Oman in a previously healthy 5-year-old Omani female child who had been thought initially to have an abdominal malignancy. The case was referred to the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, ...
Moloney Thomas P TP Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
To describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients with culture-proven Pseudallescheria endophthalmitis in the context of previously published cases. A multicenter, retrospective, consecutive case series was undertaken. Pathology records were reviewed for all patients with Pseudallescheria endophthalmitis on vitreous/aqueous cultures from June 1998 to June 2013 throughout Queensland, Australia. ...
Schons Karen Regina Rosso KR Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, - - 2014
Nails are considered epidermal appendages, and as such, are commonly affected in patients with psoriasis, 80% of whom are likely to develop nail psoriasis as a result of their condition. Two patterns of nail disorders have been shown to be caused by psoriasis. Nail matrix involvement can result in features ...
Suri Pooja P Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital , Ludhiana, India - - 2014
Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is a rare disease caused by dematiaceous fungi. It has poor prognosis irrespective of the immune status of the patient. Cladophialophora bantiana is the most commonly isolated species. We report a case of multiple brain abscesses caused by C. bantiana in an immune competent patient. The diagnosis was ...
Katragkou Aspasia A Infectious Diseases Unit, 3rd Department of Pediatrics, Aristotle University School of Medicine, Hippokration Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Exserohilum species are soilborne fungi that have been uncommon causes of human disease. The ongoing outbreak in the United States warrants improved understanding of this pathogen. We systematically reviewed all cases of Exserohilum spp. infections published before the outbreak in 2012 in order to provide a better understanding of the ...
Tuysuz Gulen G Pediatric Hematology Oncology Department, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
We present a case of hepatic mucormycosis in a 9-year-old boy with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Despite long-term use of combined liposomal amphotericin B and posaconazole therapy, the lesion persisted and could only be treated by surgical excision. After surgery, antifungal treatment was continued with posaconazole. On follow-up, the patient had ...
Tena Daniel D Sección de Microbiología. Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara. C/. Donante de sangre s/n. 19002 Guadalajara, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bifidobacterium spp. rarely causes human infections. We report a case of a 42-year-old man with a history of pancolonic diverticulosis, who suffered a purulent peritonitis caused by Bifidobacterium longum secondary to intestinal perforation. Clinical outcome was good after urgent surgery and antibiotic treatment with imipenem and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Our case ...
Ragupathi Loheetha L School of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, United - - 2014
Cryptococcus albidus is a saprophytic yeast linked to just 26 reports of human infection in the world literature. Here, we report the first case of C. albidus peritonitis, in a patient with end-stage renal disease and hepatitis C-associated cirrhosis who is on peritoneal dialysis. The patient was treated successfully with ...
Vinay Keshavamurthy K Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2014
Cutaneous aspergillosis is a common systemic mycosis affecting immunosuppressed patients. Here, we describe a novel morphological type of cutaneous aspergillosis in a young immunocompetent woman who presented with a chronic history of multiple nodules and discharging sinuses over left side of the face, mimicking cervicofacial actinomycosis. Skin biopsy showed granulomatous ...
Nascimento Erika E Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, São Paulo, - - 2014
Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis is an uncommon infection caused by the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans and C. gattii. Few case reports are available in the literature describing in detail primary cutaneous cryptococcosis due to C. gattii in immunocompetent patients. Herein, we present a case of a 68-year-old immunocompetent male patient with erythematous ...
Son Seung Beom SB Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Daejin Medical Center, Seongnam, - - 2014
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is an uncommon systemic disease that is characterized by episodic and progressive inflammation of the cartilaginous structures, which can be very debilitating and in some instances life-threatening. The pathogenic pathways of RP are largely unknown. However, several hypothesis have been suggested. We had an interesting case of ...
Youssef Mona M From the Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, American University of Beirut Medical Center , Beirut , - - 2014
Aspergillus mastoiditis usually occurs in immunocompromised patients. There are a few isolated reports in the literature involving immunocompetent patients. We hereby describe the case of an immunocompetent patient diagnosed with invasive Aspergillus mastoiditis, which was treated successfully, and review the literature pertaining to this condition. The common clinical presentations, putative ...
McMullin David R DR Ottawa Carleton Institute of Chemistry, Carleton University , 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1S - - 2014
Seven new secondary metabolites, four isochromans (1-4) and three α-pyrones (5-7), were isolated from Penicillium corylophilum DAOM 242293 collected from a damp building in Halifax, Canada. Their structures were elucidated by HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR, chemical derivatization, ORD, UV, and comparison to the literature. Related isochromans have previously been ...
Yang Meixia M Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management, National Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, P. O. Box 55#, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China Shaanxi Institute of Zoology, No.88 Xing Qing Ave, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, China; Email: - - 2014
General characteristics of Coloana Dworakowska and a key to known species of the genus are provided. Six new species, Coloana accrescens, C. hainanensis, C. latiprocessa, C. orthoprocessa, C. recta and C. sinuata spp. nov. from China and Thailand are described and illustrated. C. cinerea Dworakowska is newly recorded from China.
Cao Yanghui Y Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management, National Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, P. O. Box 55#, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; Email: - - 2014
General characteristics of Singapora Dworakowska and a key to known species of the genus are provided. Six new species, Singapora candela, S. excedens, S. falcata, S. longiantrosa, S. triacantha and S. yingjiangica spp. nov. are described and illustrated, with two new records, S. shivae Dworakowska from China and S. bannaensis ...
Dubatolov Vladimir V VV Siberian Zoological Museum, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Frunze street 11, RF-630091 Novosibirsk, Russia.; Email: - - 2014
We define and review the Olethreutes bowmanana-magadana species group comprised of Olethreutes bowmanana (McDunnough), O. magadana (Falkovitsh), O. kamtshadala (Falkovitsh), and O. pivanica, sp. n., the last from petrophytous sunny slopes in the Amur River. The new species differs from other species of the group by a narrow, triangular-shaped apical process from the ...
Hou Xiao-Hui XH Institute of Entomology & Guizhou Key Laboratory for Plant Pest Management of Mountainous Region, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550025, China Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou 563003, China; Email: - - 2014
The Oriental planthopper genus Neunkanodes Yang, 1989 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Delphacidae: Delphacinae: Delphacini) is reviewed to include three species: N. bispinatus sp. nov. (China: Yunnan), N. formosana Yang, 1989 (China: Taiwan, Guizhou, Yunnan) and N. unispinatus sp. nov. (China: Yunnan). The generic characteristics are redefined. The main morphological characters and male ...
McMillan Brian Douglas BD Department of Ophthalmology, West Virginia University, 1 Stadium Dr, PO Box 9193, Morgantown, WV 26506-9193, - - 2014
Candida dubliniensis is a recently described opportunistic fungal pathogen that rarely infects the eye. Reported cases of C. dubliniensis endophthalmitis have been of endogenous etiology and demonstrated recovery of visual acuity with timely treatment. We herein report an unusual case of severe C. dubliniensis endophthalmitis requiring enucleation. This is a ...
Wang Xu X Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management, Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; Email: - - 2014
The species of Platylomia Stål from China are reviewed and a new species, P. shaanxiensis sp. n., from Shaanxi, China is described. Acoustic signals produced by males of this new species were recorded and analyzed. P. juno Distant is transferred to the genus Macrosemia. A key to the species of ...
Das Pc P Assistant Professor, Dept. of Geriatric Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Amphotericin-B, a broad spectrum antifungal agent, has been known to cause adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity and infusion-related side effects such as fever, chills, rigor, and arthralgias. However, ototoxicity as an adverse effect of Amphotericin-B has not yet been reported in medical literature. We here report a case of a ...
Karakülah Gökhan G Dokuz Eylül University, Health Sciences Institute, ─░zmir, - - 2014
The lack of laboratory tests for the diagnosis of most of the congenital anomalies renders the physical examination of the case crucial for the diagnosis of the anomaly; and the cases in the diagnostic phase are mostly being evaluated in the light of the literature knowledge. In this respect, for ...
Verma Santwana - - 2013
Schizophillum commune is an environmental fungus rarely causing human infections of diverse nature. Sinusitis occurs in immunocompromised persons and seldom in healthy subjects. Though easily isolated, the lack of awareness of its virulence is a bottleneck in the diagnosis of this infection. We report the first case of S. commune ...
Boyce Zachary - - 2013
Scedosporium apiospermum is a fungus emerging as a rare but important cause of both localised and disseminated infections in immunocompromised patients. Most cutaneous lesions present as mycetoma, however a review of the literature revealed an increasing number of cases worldwide presenting with lymphocutaneous spread resembling sporotrichosis. An 85-year-old man with ...
Rosenberger Elizabeth - - 2013
There are two previous reports of Candida dubliniensis endophthalmitis in North America. Here, we report a third case of C. dubliniensis endogenous endophthalmitis in a 31-year-old male patient who complained of left-sided decreased visual acuity. He had an associated mitral and tricuspid valve endocarditis, in the setting of intravenous drug ...
Oksi Jarmo J Department of Infectious Diseases, Division of Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland ; Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
We describe what appears to be the first case of spondylodiscitis due to Candida dubliniensis. Our case adds to the current literature of the importance of C. dubliniensis as a cause of fungemia and subsequent deep seated infections. It highlights the importance of taking fungal as well as bacterial culture ...
Simon Matthew S - - 2013
Rhodotorula is an emerging opportunistic fungal pathogen that is rarely reported to cause endocarditis. We describe a case involving a patient who developed endocarditis due to Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis, proven by culture and histopathology. The case illustrates the unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges relevant to Rhodotorula spp.
Pandit Viraj - - 2013
Abstract Background: Basidiobolomycosis is a rare fungal infection caused by the fungus Basidiobolus ranarum. Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB) is an unusual presentation of the fungal infection that is reported sparsely in the literature, but is an emerging infection in the southwestern United States. Lack of awareness of GIB has resulted in ...
Monge-Maillo Begoña - - 2013
Estimated worldwide incidence of tegumentary leishmaniasis (cutaneous leishmaniasis [CL] and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis [MCL]) is over 1.5 million cases per year in 82 countries, with 90 % of cases occurring in Afghanistan, Brazil, Iran, Peru, Saudi Arabia and Syria. Current treatments of CL are poorly justified and have sub-optimal effectiveness. Treatment can ...
Kumar V Anil - - 2013
Abstract Background: Fungal valve endocarditis in children is an uncommon and lethal disease. The risk increases with use of central venous catheters (CVC), total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and use of broad-spectrum antibiotics during the neonatal period. Due to high mortality, a combination of surgery and antifungal therapy is usually recommended ...
Agrawal Pallavi - - 2013
Neonatal mucormycosis is caused by fungi belonging to the class Zygomycetes. Clinically, it mimics necrotizing enterocolitis. We describe a case of 2-day-old baby who presented with abdominal distension and vomiting. A clinical diagnosis of intussusception was suspected. An exploratory laprotomy revealed gangrenous bowel wall and no intussusception or any gas-filled ...
Saeedi Osamah J - - 2013
To describe a patient with Exophiala jeanselmei keratitis and to review the prior cases reported in the literature. We report one patient with keratitis after remote injury and chronic steroid use and review the six prior reported cases. Culture plates from corneal scraping revealed growth of the dematiaceous fungi, E. ...
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