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Sahin Gulay Ozel GO Department of Dermatology, Mevlana University, Konya, - - 2014
Dermatophytes are rarely taken into account among the causes of blepharitis. In our report, we describe a 69-year-old man and a 40-year-old woman with chronic blepharitis for 10 years and 4 years respectively, in whom we examined the scales and pulled eyelashes on direct microscopy and isolated Microsporum audouinii and Trichophyton verrrucosum ...
Zaias N N Dermatology division, Greater Miami Skin and Laser, Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL, - - 2014
Opportunistic onychomycosis is defined, when a non-dermatophyte mould is cultured from an abnormal nail unit in the absence of a dermatophyte. The presumption is that the mould has caused the abnormal clinical appearance of the nail unit, yet there are no data available to substantiate this claim. Reports have only ...
Moloney Thomas P TP Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
To describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients with culture-proven Pseudallescheria endophthalmitis in the context of previously published cases. A multicenter, retrospective, consecutive case series was undertaken. Pathology records were reviewed for all patients with Pseudallescheria endophthalmitis on vitreous/aqueous cultures from June 1998 to June 2013 throughout Queensland, Australia. ...
Katragkou Aspasia A Infectious Diseases Unit, 3rd Department of Pediatrics, Aristotle University School of Medicine, Hippokration Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Exserohilum species are soilborne fungi that have been uncommon causes of human disease. The ongoing outbreak in the United States warrants improved understanding of this pathogen. We systematically reviewed all cases of Exserohilum spp. infections published before the outbreak in 2012 in order to provide a better understanding of the ...
Tuysuz Gulen G Pediatric Hematology Oncology Department, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
We present a case of hepatic mucormycosis in a 9-year-old boy with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Despite long-term use of combined liposomal amphotericin B and posaconazole therapy, the lesion persisted and could only be treated by surgical excision. After surgery, antifungal treatment was continued with posaconazole. On follow-up, the patient had ...
Tena Daniel D Sección de Microbiología. Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara. C/. Donante de sangre s/n. 19002 Guadalajara, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bifidobacterium spp. rarely causes human infections. We report a case of a 42-year-old man with a history of pancolonic diverticulosis, who suffered a purulent peritonitis caused by Bifidobacterium longum secondary to intestinal perforation. Clinical outcome was good after urgent surgery and antibiotic treatment with imipenem and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Our case ...
Ragupathi Loheetha L School of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, United - - 2014
Cryptococcus albidus is a saprophytic yeast linked to just 26 reports of human infection in the world literature. Here, we report the first case of C. albidus peritonitis, in a patient with end-stage renal disease and hepatitis C-associated cirrhosis who is on peritoneal dialysis. The patient was treated successfully with ...
Vinay Keshavamurthy K Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2014
Cutaneous aspergillosis is a common systemic mycosis affecting immunosuppressed patients. Here, we describe a novel morphological type of cutaneous aspergillosis in a young immunocompetent woman who presented with a chronic history of multiple nodules and discharging sinuses over left side of the face, mimicking cervicofacial actinomycosis. Skin biopsy showed granulomatous ...
Nascimento Erika E Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, São Paulo, - - 2014
Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis is an uncommon infection caused by the yeast Cryptococcus neoformans and C. gattii. Few case reports are available in the literature describing in detail primary cutaneous cryptococcosis due to C. gattii in immunocompetent patients. Herein, we present a case of a 68-year-old immunocompetent male patient with erythematous ...
Son Seung Beom SB Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Daejin Medical Center, Seongnam, - - 2014
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is an uncommon systemic disease that is characterized by episodic and progressive inflammation of the cartilaginous structures, which can be very debilitating and in some instances life-threatening. The pathogenic pathways of RP are largely unknown. However, several hypothesis have been suggested. We had an interesting case of ...
Youssef Mona M From the Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, American University of Beirut Medical Center , Beirut , - - 2014
Aspergillus mastoiditis usually occurs in immunocompromised patients. There are a few isolated reports in the literature involving immunocompetent patients. We hereby describe the case of an immunocompetent patient diagnosed with invasive Aspergillus mastoiditis, which was treated successfully, and review the literature pertaining to this condition. The common clinical presentations, putative ...
McMullin David R DR Ottawa Carleton Institute of Chemistry, Carleton University , 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1S - - 2014
Seven new secondary metabolites, four isochromans (1-4) and three α-pyrones (5-7), were isolated from Penicillium corylophilum DAOM 242293 collected from a damp building in Halifax, Canada. Their structures were elucidated by HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR, chemical derivatization, ORD, UV, and comparison to the literature. Related isochromans have previously been ...
Verma Santwana - - 2013
Schizophillum commune is an environmental fungus rarely causing human infections of diverse nature. Sinusitis occurs in immunocompromised persons and seldom in healthy subjects. Though easily isolated, the lack of awareness of its virulence is a bottleneck in the diagnosis of this infection. We report the first case of S. commune ...
Boyce Zachary - - 2013
Scedosporium apiospermum is a fungus emerging as a rare but important cause of both localised and disseminated infections in immunocompromised patients. Most cutaneous lesions present as mycetoma, however a review of the literature revealed an increasing number of cases worldwide presenting with lymphocutaneous spread resembling sporotrichosis. An 85-year-old man with ...
Rosenberger Elizabeth - - 2013
There are two previous reports of Candida dubliniensis endophthalmitis in North America. Here, we report a third case of C. dubliniensis endogenous endophthalmitis in a 31-year-old male patient who complained of left-sided decreased visual acuity. He had an associated mitral and tricuspid valve endocarditis, in the setting of intravenous drug ...
Oksi Jarmo J Department of Infectious Diseases, Division of Medicine, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland ; Faculty of Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
We describe what appears to be the first case of spondylodiscitis due to Candida dubliniensis. Our case adds to the current literature of the importance of C. dubliniensis as a cause of fungemia and subsequent deep seated infections. It highlights the importance of taking fungal as well as bacterial culture ...
Simon Matthew S - - 2013
Rhodotorula is an emerging opportunistic fungal pathogen that is rarely reported to cause endocarditis. We describe a case involving a patient who developed endocarditis due to Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Staphylococcus epidermidis, proven by culture and histopathology. The case illustrates the unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges relevant to Rhodotorula spp.
Pandit Viraj - - 2013
Abstract Background: Basidiobolomycosis is a rare fungal infection caused by the fungus Basidiobolus ranarum. Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis (GIB) is an unusual presentation of the fungal infection that is reported sparsely in the literature, but is an emerging infection in the southwestern United States. Lack of awareness of GIB has resulted in ...
Monge-Maillo Begoña - - 2013
Estimated worldwide incidence of tegumentary leishmaniasis (cutaneous leishmaniasis [CL] and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis [MCL]) is over 1.5 million cases per year in 82 countries, with 90 % of cases occurring in Afghanistan, Brazil, Iran, Peru, Saudi Arabia and Syria. Current treatments of CL are poorly justified and have sub-optimal effectiveness. Treatment can ...
Kumar V Anil - - 2013
Abstract Background: Fungal valve endocarditis in children is an uncommon and lethal disease. The risk increases with use of central venous catheters (CVC), total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and use of broad-spectrum antibiotics during the neonatal period. Due to high mortality, a combination of surgery and antifungal therapy is usually recommended ...
Agrawal Pallavi - - 2013
Neonatal mucormycosis is caused by fungi belonging to the class Zygomycetes. Clinically, it mimics necrotizing enterocolitis. We describe a case of 2-day-old baby who presented with abdominal distension and vomiting. A clinical diagnosis of intussusception was suspected. An exploratory laprotomy revealed gangrenous bowel wall and no intussusception or any gas-filled ...
Saeedi Osamah J - - 2013
To describe a patient with Exophiala jeanselmei keratitis and to review the prior cases reported in the literature. We report one patient with keratitis after remote injury and chronic steroid use and review the six prior reported cases. Culture plates from corneal scraping revealed growth of the dematiaceous fungi, E. ...
Garcia Jessica - - 2013
: Endocarditis caused by Candida dubliniensis is a rare event and limited to few case reports. In this report, the authors present a patient with a history of intravenous drug use and hepatitis C and endocarditis involving a prosthetic aortic valve. Also reviewed are the treatment guidelines for Candida sp. ...
Klaassen K M G - - 2013
We systematically reviewed all available literature concerning the prevalence of onychomycosis in patients with nail psoriasis and the distribution of pathogens causing onychomycosis in this specific group of patients. Databases searched were Pubmed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trial Register. All studies reporting on the prevalence of onychomycosis in ...
Pereira Daniela I B - - 2013
Pythium insidiosum is an oomycete, a fungal like microorganism, which infects mammals, causing pythiosis in animals and humans, especially in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The treatment for this infection is very difficult, and therapeutic options commonly comprise surgery, immunotherapy and antimicrobial drugs. The present report describes the ...
Freitas Camila Fernanda Novak Pinheiro de - - 2013
Ichthyoses are a common group of keratinization disorders. A non-inflammatory generalized persistent skin desquamation is observed. It is characterized by increased cell turnover, thickening of the stratum corneum and functional changes of sebaceous and sweat glands. All of these favor fungal proliferation. Dermatophytes may infect skin, hair and nails causing ...
Delano Sofia - - 2013
A 7-month-old girl was evaluated for V-shaped ridging of the fingernails consistent with chevron nails. Chevron nails are a normal variant in the pediatric population that is frequently outgrown. This case nicely demonstrates this normal finding that has so rarely been reported in the literature.
Guitard Juliette - - 2013
Candida inconspicua and Candida norvegensis are two closely related species rarely involved in invasive infections. The purpose of this study was to depict the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of candidemia due to these emerging fluconazole less susceptible species. A retrospective analysis of the epidemiology of C. inconspicua and C. norvegensis ...
Larbcharoensub Noppadol - - 2013
Appendicitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the vermiform appendix, which is commonly caused by bacterial infections and rarely caused by fungal organisms. In the present study, we reviewed the prevalence, clinicopathological features, and therapeutic management of fungal appendicitis. During July 2010 to June 2011, the pathology of 262 ...
Raghunath B V - - 2013
Invasive fungal infection is common in the present day NICUs - generally manifesting as candiduria or candida sepsis. Fungal balls in the kidneys are very uncommon and most are amenable to higher antifungal agents. However, we had a child who did not respond to such measures and ultimately needed a ...
Dutta Pinaki - - 2013
Fungal infections of foot in patients with diabetes are not uncommon; however, foot infection due to Fusarium species has been rarely reported. We report here a case of a 50-year-old male with type 2 diabetes who developed multiple spontaneous nodular lesions on right foot without any systemic symptoms and signs ...
Ballot Daynia E - - 2013
Background: Candida albicans is the predominant isolate in many neonatal fungal bloodstream infections (BSIs), so fluconazole is used as empiric antifungal therapy.Aim: To determine the predominant organisms, antifungal sensitivity patterns, clinical and demographic risk factors and crude mortality rate in neonatal fungal BSI cases.Subjects and Methods: This is a review ...
Molina-Leyva Alejandro - - 2013
Cryptococcus laurentii is an extremely rare human pathogen. We report a case of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis caused by Cryptococcus laurentii in an immunocompetent patient, an 8-year-old child with a solitary lesion on the forearm. It was impossible to determine the source of infection and no predisposing factors were found. Oral ...
Fennelly Andrea M - - 2013
Cerebral abscess caused by Candida spp. is a rare disease, with a nonspecific presentation, little data on treatment, and generally poor outcomes. We present a case of this type of Candida infection in a 57-year-old man with a history of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and intravenous drug abuse, and review the ...
Li Houmin - - 2013
Cutaneous mucormycosis is a rare opportunistic infection caused by zygomycetes that can be rapidly fatal if unrecognized. We describe the clinical, histopathological, fungal and molecular features of a case of gangrenous cutaneous mucormycosis. The patient presented with great necrosis on his right forearm at the site of detained intravenous cannula ...
Pan Nancy - - 2013
Skeletal infections secondary to Candida albicans are uncommon and described primarily in adults. Nearly all 22 pediatric cases of C. albicans osteomyelitis described to date have occurred in neonates with specific risk factors or in children with a severe immunodeficiency. We report an unusual presentation of C. albicans osteomyelitis and ...
Mittal N - - 2013
Objective: Laryngeal cryptococcosis is a rare condition. In this report, we describe the findings for and treatment of a 58-year-old man with Cryptococcus gattii infection of the right vocal fold. Method: Case report and review of the relevant English language literature. Results: The patient presented with persistent hoarseness of voice. ...
Inano Shojiro - - 2013
Fusarium spp. cause a broad spectrum of infection and are relatively resistant to most antifungal agents, leading to unfavorable prognosis, especially in immunocompromised patients. Several reports have shown synergism among amphotericin B, voriconazole (VRC), terbinafine (TRB), and other antifungal agents in vitro, but the most efficacious combination remains to be ...
Ganju S A - - 2013
Nasal polyposis is an inflammatory condition of mucous membrane of the nose and paranasal sinuses with unknown aetiology. Massive nasal polyps can obstruct the nasal cavity causing discomfort and lowered quality of life. Thus, aetiological diagnosis is important for treatment, especially in recurrent nasal polyposis. We present a rare case ...
Yang Biwei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Histoplasmosis is a common opportunistic fungal infection that is observed almost exclusively in immunodeficient patients, especially those with AIDS. Immunocompetent individuals that suffer from histoplasmosis are rarely reported, especially those with disseminated lesions, such as disseminated histoplasmosis. The observation of disseminated histoplasmosis with prominent gastrointestinal involvement, no respiratory symptoms ...
Joshi Abhijit - - 2013
Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue, which may involve bone. The disease is caused by true fungi (eumycetoma) or filamentous bacteria (actinomycetoma). Both types of organism are important soil saprophytes, and therefore infection is normally acquired by traumatic inoculation of the skin by contaminated material. ...
Lozano-Alvarez Carlos - - 2013
SUMMARY:: Cervico-cephalic screw medialization is a rare complication after intertrochanteric fracture synthesis with a Gamma3® type intramedullary nail. Only 6 cases of intrapelvic penetration by Gamma 3® lag screw have been described. We now describe two additional cases and a review of the literature.
Ng James - - 2013
Abstract To present the first case of Aspergillus terreus endophthalmitis in a patient without previous ocular surgery or immunocompromised status with a review of literature.
Machouart M - - 2013
Fungi belonging to the genus Scytalidium are widespread around the world. Among them, two species are responsible for human superficial infections mimicking dermatophytosis: Neoscytalidium dimidiatum and Scytalidium hyalinum. Whereas these ascomycetous fungi are endemic in tropical or subtropical countries, both species have a different geographical distribution. Scytalidiosis represents approximately 40% ...
Chowdhary Anuradha - - 2013
Abstract Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM) is a hypersensitivity-mediated disease of worldwide distribution. We reviewed 143 reported global cases of ABPM due to fungi other than aspergilli. The commonest etiologic agent was Candida albicans, reported in 60% of the cases, followed by Bipolaris species (13%), Schizophyllum commune (11%), Curvularia species (8%), ...
Momen S E - - 2013
Nail involvement in sarcoidosis is rare, but its presence is often associated with chronic systemic disease. We have reviewed all 33 reported cases of nail involvement with sarcoidosis, including our own case. Nail changes in sarcoidosis, while rare, can include dystrophy (n = 10, 30%), onycholysis (n = 7, 21%), subungual hyperkeratosis (n = 7, 21%), ...
Saghrouni Fatma - - 2013
Purpureocillium lilacinum is a saprophytic fungus found in soil and decaying organic matter, but has been reported as an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients and following surgical procedures. Infections caused by this mold are often difficult to treat because of its intrinsic resistance to conventional antifungal agents and variable susceptibility ...
Wang Le - - 2013
We report a case of mucocutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exophiala spinifera. Crusty plaques and nodules were major clinical features. Histological examination revealed brown yeast-like cells and hyphae. Mycological and molecular data identified E. spinifera as etiologic agent. Oral itraconazole was effective, which was in accordance with the results of in ...
Khasawneh Faisal A - - 2013
Histoplasmosis is a common endemic mycosis. The majority of infections involving this dimorphic fungus are asymptomatic. Manifestations in symptomatic patients are diverse, ranging from flu-like illness to a more serious disseminated disease. We present here a case of chronic disseminated histoplasmosis mimicking a metastatic cancer. We reviewed the literature for ...
Jain Deepali - - 2013
Cryptococcus, an opportunistic yeast, known to afflict immune-compromised patients is often overlooked in immune-competent patients. This has led to increasing morbidity and mortality worldwide. We present a case of Cryptococcus causing sternal osteomyelitis in an immune-competent individual. Till date no case of Cryptococcus causing sternal osteomyelitis in an immune-competent patient ...
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