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Results 401 - 450 of 581
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Tan K K - - 1994
Non-O1 vibrio cholerae infections are associated with sporadic cases of gastroenteritis and extraintestinal infections. Septicaemia due to non-O1 vibrio cholerae is rare and are mainly reported in adults, particularly in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of non-O1 vibrio cholerae septicaemia and gastroenteritis in an 8-year-old child. The patient presented ...
Wang C H - - 1994
An epidemic of dengue occurred in southern Taiwan in 1987, and by the end of 1988 there were 10,420 reported cases, of which 60.5% were from Kaohsiung Municipality. The urbanization and industrialization of the municipality have resulted in a vast increase in the breeding habitats of the dengue vector, Aedes ...
Begue R E - - 1994
Surveillance was conducted one day each week from December 1992 through May 1993 to determine the clinical features and etiology of diarrhea among a population in a suburban community of Lima, Peru. Patients who had had three or more loose stools during the previous 24 hr were enrolled at a ...
Piccioli A - - 1994
Two cases (a 57-year-old man and an 18-year-old girl) of bilateral massive adrenal hemorrhage (BMAH) due to sepsis (Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseira meningitidis, respectively) are reported. At admission, the man presented with fever, severe hypotension, hyperazotemia, acidosis, normonatremia and hypocoagulability, while the girl with severe hypotension, fever, hyponatremia, and hypocoagulability. ...
Zagne S M - - 1994
We studied 56 cases of serologically confirmed dengue haemorrhagic fever living in the metropolitan area of Niterói and surrounding cities in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The most frequent findings were fever and myalgia. Spontaneous haemorrhagic manifestations occurred in 46 patients, and 23 of these had more than ...
Kodama B F - - 1994
Clinical and histologic characteristics of tularemia are reviewed in this report of a 65-year-old man who presented with fever, cutaneous ulceration, and regional lymphadenopathy. Examination of a biopsy specimen failed to demonstrate the granulomatous inflammation one would expect according to the current dermatologic literature. We review the diagnostic implications of ...
Imamura S - - 1994
A 55 year old female, complaining of bloody sputum and fever, was referred to our institution. The chest roentgenogram on admission revealed a large thin-walled cavitary shadow in the right upper lobe. We could clearly observe the inner surface of the postinflammatory bronchiectatic cavity in the right B3 bronchus by ...
Mathieu J J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Although typhoid fever incidence decreased in the 1960s and 1970s in New York City and elsewhere, it did not disappear. In this article, trends associated with various modes of transmission of Salmonella typhi in New York City patients are described. METHODS: Typhoid fever surveillance reports from 1980 to 1990 ...
Lee C W - - 1994
A 37 year-old-woman was admitted to the hospital because of 15 days' duration of continuous fever. Routine studies for detection of fever foci were negative. Imaging studies revealed giant hemangioma of the liver with central thrombosis. The fever persisted for a period of 4 weeks, and subsided after conservative management. ...
van Kralingen K W - - 1994
We describe a case of Nocardia bronchopneumonia occurring in a patient after 5 weeks of treatment in an ICU. The clinical features were haemoptysis and fever, and an aspecific coarse nodular pattern on the chest roentgenogram. The diagnosis was made, after death, by positive blood cultures for Nocardia asteroides and ...
Gruner E - - 1994
Five cases of laboratory-acquired infection with Brucella melitensis are reported. This pathogen is highly contagious when handled in the laboratory. Clinicians should alert technologists when brucellosis is suspected so that specimens are handled under the most stringent safety measures. Serological surveys and instructions of laboratory workers regarding the clinical diversity ...
van Basten J P - - 1994
Typhoid fever is still a major health problem in the developing parts of the world, with an estimated annual incidence of 540 per 100,000. Probably one of the most lethal complications of typhoid fever is ileal perforation, which affects especially young men. We reviewed the literature published after 1960 on ...
Leonetti F - - 1994
We describe two cases of chronic Q fever in hemodialysis patients (HD). In the first case, we discovered chronic Q fever when looking for the cause of an unexplained fever. In the second case, Q fever was diagnosed in a patient who complained of an unexplained shoulder arthritis. To our ...
Alexeyev O A - - 1994
A case of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) complicated by spleen haemorrhage is described. The patient developed progressive anaemia, hypotension and signs of preshock. Computerized tomography demonstrated extensive haematoma in the spleen and splenectomy was performed. This case confirms previous reports that HFRS caused by Puumala virus may be ...
Maekawa Y - - 1994
Febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann's disease (FUMH) was first described by Degos in 1966. In the literature, nine cases of FUMH have been reported in both children and adults. We report a 16-year-old boy with the febrile ulceronecrotic type. A review of the nine cases in the literature showed acute necrotic lesions, ...
Sundnes K O - - 1993
During summer 1991 an outbreak of louse-borne relapsing fever occurred simultaneously in two transit camps established for prisoners of war being returned from Eritrea at the end of the Ethiopian civil war. Only antibiotic treatment was given at the Bahr Dar camp where the frequency of cases increased for 20 ...
Behera M - - 1993
It is assumed that subcutaneous nodule (SCN), one of the major criteria in acute rheumatic fever (ARF), is rare and whenever these nodules appear, they are invariably associated with carditis. Further large number of nodules appear in crops and they are evanescent. This prospective study of 42 cases of ARF ...
Rashiq S - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To define the clinical characteristics of acyclovir neurotoxicity and to outline how to distinguish it from viral encephalitis. DESIGN: Case series of acyclovir neurotoxicity. SETTING: All cases reported in Index Medicus or in bibliographic reviews of acyclovir neurotoxicity plus two representative studies of Varicella zoster and Herpes simplex virus ...
Grauer L - - 1993
We describe the case of a 41-yr-old man who presented with signs and symptoms of cholestasis including abdominal pain, jaundice, and fever, with peripheral eosinophilia of 10% and bone marrow eosinophilia. Liver biopsy revealed an eosinophilic infiltrate and an ERCP demonstrated bile duct changes, compatible with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). ...
Currie B - - 1993
A new focus of scrub typhus (Rickettsia tsutsugamushi) is described in a remote rain forest region of the Northern Territory of Australia. Five serologically confirmed cases, two near fatal with multisystem involvement, have occurred since the area became accessible to tourists. As tourism increases, other remote foci of vectors and ...
Santoni J R - - 1993
From 108 cases of new daily persistent headaches, clinical or laboratory evidence was found suggesting extracranial or systemic infections in: 28 cases (25.9%) of gastrointestinal mainly Salmonella, 28 (25.9%) urinary Coli, 16 (14.8%) Streptococcal, 4 (3.7%) each of Epstein Barr virus or Toxoplasma, and 1 (0.9%) each of Herpes Zoster ...
Adhikari Prabha M R - - 1993
100 cases of Kyasanur Forest Disease were studied clinically and autopsy or postmortem biopsies of various organs were done in 8 cases. 1. Our study showed that KFD passes through 4 stages each lasting for about a week. i.e. a prodromal stage with fever, hypotension hepatomegaly, a stage of complication ...
Kambal A M - - 1993
Five cases of enteric fever due to multi-resistant Salmonella typhi are reported. Four of these patients most probably contracted the disease in India and the fifth in Egypt. All of them were successfully treated either with ceftriaxone or ciprofloxacin.
Elliott S Y - - 1993
This article describes two cases of esophagitis in immunocompetent adults associated with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection. One case presented with pharyngitis and the other with whitlow. A review of the literature revealed 21 other cases in immunocompetent adults; and, of these 21 patients, odynophagia was noted in ...
Choe G - - 1993
We report a case of massive hepatic infection by Capillaria hepatica in a 14-month-old girl who presented with the symptom triad of persistent fever, hepatomegaly, and leukocytosis with eosinophilia. Twenty-five cases of human infection with this parasite, mostly in children, have been reported in the literature. This is the first ...
Yamada G M - - 1993
Cholera is the most fatal of the infectious diarrheas but only rarely encountered in Hawaii. Two cases previously have been documented in the Islands. We describe an elderly patient, without obvious risk factors, who contracted cholera. Early consideration of cholera as a diagnostic possibility is recommended in patients with unexplained, ...
Yew F S - - 1993
A total of 1452 cases of typhoid fever was notified in Singapore from 1980-9. The morbidity rates of indigenous cases showed a steady decline from 5.9 per 100,000 population in 1980 to 1.2 per 100,000 population in 1989. The mean case fatality was 0.8%. Children, adolescents and young adults were ...
Narkevich M I - - 1993
Over the period 1961-89 a total of 1,713,057 cases of cholera were reported to WHO from 117 countries in all continents. The course of the epidemic fell into three periods: in period I (1961 to 1969), 24 countries (predominantly in Asia) reported about 419,968 cholera cases; in period II (1970 ...
Hata Y - - 1992
Two pediatric cases of inflammatory pseudotumor of liver were reported and compared with seven previously reported cases. Clinical presentation was variable but often consisted of fever and vague abdominal symptoms. These two cases were considered to be clinically malignant because angiographically one showed hypervascularity and the other showed the portal ...
Murayama T - - 1992
We report a case of fibromatosis, soft tissue tumors that are benign histologically, but exhibit behavior intermediate between benign and malignant diseases. Mesenteric fibromatosis grows vigorously without a general inflammatory reaction, and its symptoms are the result of obstruction and/or compression of the intestine. However, in our case, the general ...
Golledge C L - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To report the first human case of autochthonous melioidosis in temperate Australia (latitude 31 degrees 10'S) and to describe the extent of the presence of the causative agent, Pseudomonas pseudomallei, in southwest Western Australia. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 45-year-old man living on a hobby farm was admitted to hospital for ...
Trevett A J - - 1992
A case of typhoid fever complicated by pancytopenia, cerebellar signs and psychosis is described. The association of reversible marrow suppression with chloramphenicol treatment and its clinical features are outlined. The features of cerebellar dysfunction and of psychosis in patients with typhoid are described. Recommendations are made to help identify the ...
Sexton D J - - 1992
In 10 (10.8%) of 93 laboratory-confirmed or probable cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever seen at Duke University Medical Center from 1969 to 1991, illness without rash or fleeting or atypical skin eruptions were noted. Data from these 10 cases and 33 similar previously reported cases of Rocky Mountain "spotless" ...
Smathers B R - - 1992
By analyzing three different sources of data including DHEC reported cases, hospital discharge data, and death certificates, our study reveals that RMSF is endemic in South Carolina particularly in the Piedmont area and that underreporting of RMSF in South Carolina is likely. The incidence and case fatality rates of RMSF ...
Nishioka S de A Sde - - 1992
The case of a 21-year-old man coming from rural Paraíba, northwestern Brazil, with schistosomiasis mansoni associated with Serratia marcescens bacteremia, is reported. His main complaints on admission were fever, diaphoresis and chills for ten days, and diarrhoea that lasted for four days. On physical examination he had jaundice and hepatosplenomegaly. ...
Reed J A - - 1992
We report the immunocytochemical identification of Rochalimaea henselae, a newly recognized fastidious, Gram-negative, Warthin-Starry-positive organism, as the common pathogen in bacillary angiomatosis (BA), bacillary peliosis (BP) of the liver and spleen, and persistent fever with bacteremia in immunocompromised patients. Immunogenic proteins of the R. henselae strain isolated from the blood ...
Goldman D P - - 1992
Human ehrlichiosis was first described in the United States in 1986. Since then, more than 215 cases have been reported, including some fatalities. Ehrlichia species belong to the same family as the organism that causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Human ehrlichiosis occurs most frequently in the southern mid-Atlantic and south-central ...
Hendarto S K - - 1992
Dengue encephalopathy or dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) with CNS involvement used to be considered a relatively rare condition; but the number of cases reported in human studies has been increasing every year. Diagnosis of dengue encephalopathy is based on clinically diagnosed DHF according to the W.H.O. criteria (1980), with CNS ...
Shilalukey-Ngoma M P - - 1992
A prospective case series study was conducted Jan 1991-Oct 1991 on 108 neonates admitted to NICU, Lusaka. 90 patients satisfied inclusion criteria, 45 cases and 45 controls. Symptomatic seropositive babies born to seropositive mothers presented with failure to thrive, fever, persistent or recurrent thrush, severe Sepsis and large liver. Tendency ...
Galbraith J C - - 1992
Esophagitis due to herpes simplex virus is a well-recognized entity in immunocompromised patients but has only rarely been described in apparently immunocompetent hosts. We report four cases and review 27 additional cases identified in the English-language literature. Odynophagia, retrosternal chest pain, and fever are the most common symptoms. Single-contrast esophagography ...
Ting K S - - 1992
We report on a 20-year-old man who had scrub typhus with the unusual neurologic complication of brachial plexus neuropathy. The clinical features of fever, headache, pneumonitis, eschar, high Weil-Felix OX-K agglutination and Rickettsia tsutsugamushi immunofluorescence titers confirmed the diagnosis of scrub typhus. Brachial plexus neuropathy was proven by an electrophysiologic ...
Gökalp H Z - - 1992
Pseudotumor cerebri (PC) is a condition that occurs predominantly in obese women, and long lists of putative causes and associations have been reported. We describe here the case of a woman in whom PC coexisted with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). A review of the literature revealed no report of an ...
Knockaert D C DC Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, - - 1992
This review summarizes the different causes of fever of unknown origin reported in the internationally indexed literature from 1961 till 1990. In 1961 Petersdorf published his landmark report that, for the first time, proposed criteria that cases have to meet to be considered as fever of unknown origin. We only ...
Anand K S - - 1991
A total of 40 cases of cryptogenic chorea were studied over a period of 4 years in JIPMER Hospital which serves the population of Pondicherry and adjoining regions of South India. Analysis of our cases showed the highest incidence for the 10-15 year age group with no sex predilection. Arthralgia ...
Smith D L - - 1991
Acute and serial chest radiographic appearances of Q-fever in a large UK outbreak in the West Midlands are described. In 69 acute films (taken within 20 days of onset of illness), 10% of films were normal. Appearances in 62 abnormal films were varied and, in contrast to some previous reports, ...
Sjögren B - - 1991
Electric-arc welding generates particles and gases that can induce chronic bronchitis and airway obstruction. In this case report two welders are described who had fever, spirometric deterioration, and bronchial hyperreactivity after welding steel painted with chloro-containing polymer lacquer. Pyrolysis of this paint releases many different compounds, for example, hydrogen chloride ...
Moore J A - - 1991
A 24-year-old homosexual man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome presented with intractable diarrhea and fever. Examination of a rectal biopsy specimen and stool revealed Cryptosporidium. Approximately 4 months after admission he developed respiratory failure and died. Postmortem examination revealed cryptosporidiosis involving the entire gastrointestinal tract as well as the tracheobronchial tree. ...
Mishra S - - 1991
Fifty blood culture positive patients of typhoid fever were studied during the current outbreak of the disease for their clinical profile. In 39 (78%) cases the isolates of S. typhi were resistant to conventional drugs. Children below 2 years of age constituted 20% of the total cases and belonged exclusively ...
Frye M D - - 1991
Most cases of blastomycosis are sporadic and only nine outbreaks representing a total of 112 cases have previously been reported. Less than half of these have been culture proven cases. Outbreaks have previously occurred in North Carolina, Minnesota, Illinois, Wisconsin and Virginia. We report three culturally confirmed cases of blastomycosis ...
Daoud A S - - 1991
The clinical experience with enteric fever (1985-89) at a general hospital in Kuwait is presented. There were 90 cases of typhoid and 10 cases of paratyphoid fever, with a mortality rate of 2%. Typhoid complications of bowel perforation, haemorrhage or septic shock were present in 5% and abortion in 2%. ...
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