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Results 351 - 400 of 572
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Thaikruea L - - 1997
The first reported case of chikungunya virus diagnosed by serology in Thailand was in 1960 and the last one was in 1991. The disease surveillance system does not specifically include chikungunya cases and the signs and symptoms are similar to these of dengue fever/dengue hemorrhagic fever (DF/DHF), rubella, and fever ...
Tan N G - - 1997
A 14-year-old Chinese female presented with severe sorethroat and swinging fever for two weeks despite one course of oral amoxycillin followed by one course of Unasyn (combination of sultamicillin, sulbactam and ampicillin). Throat swab grew Pseudomonas pseudomallel. Serology for its antibodies was very strongly positive (> 1:512). In this part ...
Rigau-Pérez J G - - 1997
The aim of the study reported here was to demonstrate that dengue hemorrhagic fever occurs in Puerto Rico, that it is underreported, and that this underreporting is due partly to underdiagnosis in hospitals. Surveillance for severe dengue identified 986 hospitalizations for suspected dengue in 1990-1991. At the time, on the ...
Rathavuth H - - 1997
Hemorrhagic fever (HF) has been widespread in Cambodia and thought to be due to dengue virus although laboratory confirmation has been lacking. Between 1980 and 1995, 49,420 cases of HF and 3,032 deaths were reported. Cases increased during this period; large epidemics of HF occurred every two to three years. ...
Little D - - 1997
Hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome (HSES) is a sudden-onset symptom complex occurring in previously healthy infants and children. It was first described in 1983 in the United Kingdom in 10 infants. Subsequently, > 140 cases have been reported worldwide, although no cases have been previously reported in the forensic literature. ...
Pinheiro F P - - 1997
About two-thirds of the world's population live in areas infested with dengue vectors, mainly Aedes aegypti. All four dengue viruses are circulating, sometimes simultaneously, in most of these areas. It is estimated that up to 80 million persons become infected annually although marked underreporting results in the notification of much ...
Ablin J - - 1997
Though pathogenetically qualifying as an enteric fever, the gastroenterological manifestations of Brucella in humans are relatively uncommon. We present a typical case of Brucellosis with gastrointestinal symptoms and review these by organ involvement, ranging from the mild nonspecific, such as diarrhea and abdominal pain, to the pathologically distinct hepatic lesions, ...
Ploysangam T - - 1996
Chronic meningococcemia is a rare form of meningococcal infection. Most reported cases occur in adults. Only about 10% of reported patients are under 18 years of age. We herein report chronic meningococcemia in a 17-month-old immunocompetent child and review the literature. Our patient had a 4-month history of several episodes ...
Handa R - - 1996
Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is a problem frequently faced by clinicians all over the world. One hundred and twenty-one cases of FUO presenting to a large teaching hospital in northern India were prospectively studied over a period of 2 years. Infections were the commonest cause accounting for 43.8% cases ...
Messiaen T - - 1996
We present the case of a 64-year-old previously healthy man admitted for long evoluating fever. Buccal examination showed severe parodontitis. Blood cultures were positive for Leptotrichia buccalis and computed abdominal tomography discovered a hepatic abscess. So far, only exceptional cases of systemic diseases associated with Leptotrichia buccalis infections have been ...
Liman A S - - 1996
Typhoid is an endemic disease in many countries in the tropics. Different modes of presentation have been reported. This case is one in which the patient presented with convulsions. It is necessary to have a high index of suspicion to make a diagnosis, especially in view of its occasional unusual ...
Bradarić N - - 1996
Two outbreaks of typhoid fever caused by Salmonella typhi of the same phagotype (A, biotype II), and antibiotic susceptibility are reported. Both occurred during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The first outbreak appeared among the refugees from the town of Jajce. The second outbreak appeared among the inhabitants in ...
Koo D - - 1996
This report presents the various cholera case definitions used by the affected countries of Latin America, shows the numbers of cholera cases and deaths attributable to cholera (as reported by Latin American countries to PAHO through 1993), and describes some regional trends in cholera incidence. The information about how cholera ...
Toerner J G - - 1996
We report a case of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) associated with Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). The patient initially presented with fever, rash, and an altered mental status, and he responded to therapy with intravenous doxycycline; serological data confirmed RMSF. Concurrent physical findings and results of cerebrospinal fluid analysis and nerve ...
Ricci R M - - 1996
We report a case of erythema nodosum caused by omeprazole. This side effect of omeprazole has not been previously reported. A 35-year-old white woman developed multiple tender erythematous nodules over the anterior aspect of her upper and lower extremities, fever, malaise, and edema. Her symptoms resolved with withdrawal of all ...
Cohen G L - - 1996
Tick bite fever (Rickettsia conorii) is a disease which occurs commonly in South Africa. Clinical illness in the black African patient is however rare, despite high seroprevalence rates of antibodies against R. conorii reported from other areas of Southern Africa. We present two case reports of clinically apparent tick bite ...
Conger L A LA - - 1996
Dilantin hypersensitivity syndrome is characterized by fever, rash, lymphadenopathy, facial edema, and hepatitis. Anemia, pharyngitis, diarrhea, and nephritis may also be present. The eruption may present as the classic erythematous follicular papules and pustules; or it may be pleomorphic, presenting as a morbilliform eruption, erythroderma, or toxic epidermal necrolysis. Early ...
Daroca P - - 1996
Since childhood, a 53-year-old women had developed chills, high-grade fever, myalgia, and cephalea after the ingestion of coffee, tea, cola beverages, and some oral "antiflu" compounds. Skin prick tests performed with all the implicated substances were negative. Single-blind oral challenges with both caffeine and theophylline were positive, reproducing exactly the ...
Rachmiel M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Pecan tree pollen is considered to be highly allergenic. However, no specific scientific data about its role in causing allergic diseases are available. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of pecan tree pollen in the development of allergy. METHODS: The presence of pecan tree pollen was determined by weekly and ...
Heafield M T - - 1996
BACKGROUND: A previously healthy 23-year-old man presented with a short history of abdominal pain and diarrhoea followed by blurred vision, severe postural hypotension, reduced sweating and unremitting fever. METHODS: Examination revealed fixed dilated pupils, impaired sweating and postural hypotension. Clinical and neurophysiological examination showed no motor or sensory deficit. A ...
Aslan Y - - 1996
The Chédiak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is a rare autosomal recessive immunodeficiency disorder. Some cases with CHS develop the accelerated phase characterized by pancytopenia, high fever and lymphohistiocytic infiltration of liver, spleen and lymph nodes. The treatment of the accelerated phase of CHS is difficult. We describe a case with CHS in ...
Suárez J - - 1996
A 32-year-old male with febrile ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann disease (FUMHD) responsive to methotrexate is reported. This is a severe variant of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta characterized by the acute onset of a widespread ulceronecrotic cutaneous eruption together with high fever and systemic involvement. To our knowledge, only 13 patients with ...
Zabicka J - - 1996
Tick-borne encephalitis are connected with existence of natural foci in environment, where virus circulation between natural host (rodents, wood mammals) and virus vectors does occur independently from humans. In Poland the first confirmed cases of tick-borne encephalitis occurred in following voivodships: białostockie, olsztyńskie, opolskie in 1948-1952. Between 1970 and 1993-816 ...
Chen C M - - 1995
A 20-year-old male was admitted with fever and hemoptysis. Agammaglobulinemia was found, with bronchiectasis and sinusitis. Clinical and laboratory evidence included immunological examinations, bone marrow and small intestinal biopsies. Results suggested a diagnosis of X-linked agammaglobulinemia. After treatment with antibiotics and intravenous human immunoglobuline, the clinical symptoms demonstrated progressive improvement. ...
Guthmann J P - - 1995
In the most recent epidemic of cholera in Latin America, nearly a million cases were reported and almost 9000 people died between January 1991 and December 1993. The epidemic spread rapidly from country to country, affecting in three years all the countries of Latin America except Uruguay and the Caribbean. ...
De la Meilleure G E H - - 1995
A case of culture verified Candida parapsilosis lumbar spondylodiscitis, with infectious involvement of an aortic prosthetic graft, presented with a lumbar radicular pain syndrome. Only 33 Candida infections of the spine are described in the literature. Candida parapsilosis was cultured in three cases. Considering the poor general condition of the ...
Ljungberg P - - 1995
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a rare cause of disease in humans, the most common manifestation being mesenteric lymphadenitis accompanied by abdominal pain and fever. A septicemic form of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis infection has been reported only rarely. It is usually seen in patients with underlying disorders such as diabetes, hepatic cirrhosis or ...
Engels E - - 1995
The diagnostic usefulness of 69 bone marrow examinations (BMEs) performed for evaluating unexplained fever in 65 persons who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus was retrospectively compared with the usefulness of other diagnostic modalities used to investigate the cause of fever. An etiology for the fever was identified by BME ...
Okada Y - - 1995
Atypical mycobacterial infection is seldom accompanied by pleural involvement. We report a very rare case of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare pleuritis with massive pleural effusion. The patient was a non-immunocompromised 35-year-old Japanese male with insidious onset of fever, chest pain and anorexia. The pleural effusion gradually resolved with empirical antimycobacterial treatment, leaving ...
Tolosa-Vilella C - - 1995
Glomerulonephritis is a rare complication of Q fever and is usually associated with the chronic form of disease, i.e., infectious endocarditis. We describe a 31-year-old man with a self-limited acute febrile illness due to Coxiella burnetii infection who had acute renal failure secondary to mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis. Antibodies to phospholipids were ...
Sans M - - 1995
A 40-yr-old man was admitted for fever of unknown origin. Mesenteric panniculitis was suspected as a result of ultrasonography, computed tomography, and nuclear magnetic resonance findings, and that diagnosis was confirmed by laparoscopy with retroperitoneal mass biopsy. Mesenteric panniculitis is a rare disease characterized by an inflammatory process of the ...
Khattak B K - - 1995
A case of salmonella paratyphi A fever with reversible pancytopenia in a 15 years old boy who presented with history of high grade continuous fever, epistaxis and haemoptysis, relative bradycardia and splenomegaly is described here. A brief review of the literature on possible causes of reversible pancytopenia in this case ...
Paparone P W - - 1995
As illustrated by the case described in this report, the possibility of ehrlichiosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of sulfasalazine toxicity/drug fever and other febrile illnesses presenting with pancytopenia/leukopenia and pulmonary abnormalities, when patients have been exposed to known tick-infested areas. Furthermore, the possibility of delayed serologic confirmation ...
Sachdeva V - - 1995
The National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) has been monitoring the incidence of laboratory confirmed cases of cholera in Delhi in collaboration with Infectious Diseases Hospital (IDH) since 1965. Cholera and cholera-like cases from all hospitals in Delhi are admitted in IDH and the rectal swabs of all such cases ...
Rawlings J A - - 1995
Tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF), a disease of humans and other animals, has been recognized in North America since early in this century. Caused by Borrelia spirochetes, TBRF is transmitted by softshelled Ornithodoros ticks, which may also act as reservoirs for the etiologic agents. Initial symptoms include sudden onset of fever, ...
Salgado J H - - 1995
Ehrlichiosis is a recently described tick-borne disease characterized by headache, fever and chills, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and transaminase elevation. The presentation is similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever but the rash is less frequently present in ehrlichiosis. The diagnosis is confirmed by elevated antibody titers to Ehrlichia chaffeensis or visualization of ...
Bech-Nielsen S - - 1995
This report represents a case study of an outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) that took place in the autonomic region of Extramadura, Badajoz Province, during the month of August, 1992, and aims to describe the Spanish ASF eradication programme as carried out in the field at producer level. Extensive ...
Lee H S - - 1995
Nephritis associated with a chronically infected ventriculoatrial shunt is known as shunt nephritis. A 6-year-old girl with prior history of a ventriculoatrial shunt presented complaining of fever and gross hematuria. Serum complement levels were decreased and a coagulase-negative S. epidermidis was cultured from her blood. The renal biopsy specimen showed ...
López-Contreras J - - 1995
We report the case of a previously healthy man who suffered a disseminated cytomegalovirus infection. He presented with prolonged fever, weight loss of 8 kg, anicteric hepatitis, upper digestive tract bleeding from gastric ulcers, acute polyneuritis and bilateral retinitis. Immunodeficiency was not detected either during admission or during a 3-year ...
Morita A - - 1995
We report a case of urticarial vasculitis associated with macroglobulinemia in a 50-year-old woman. She suffered from intermittent fever with wheals persisting for more than 24 hours. Skin histology revealed perivascular neutrophilic infiltrates with nuclear dusts. Laboratory study demonstrated leucocytosis and a high serum IgM level (2350 mg/dl) with an ...
Carmeli Y - - 1994
The epidemiology of typhoid fever in Western countries may be affected by immigration from developing countries. We studied the immigration of Ethiopian Jews to Israel to find the effects of an influx of many individuals infected with typhoid into an area with a low incidence of the disease. Typhoid fever ...
Tan K K - - 1994
Non-O1 vibrio cholerae infections are associated with sporadic cases of gastroenteritis and extraintestinal infections. Septicaemia due to non-O1 vibrio cholerae is rare and are mainly reported in adults, particularly in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of non-O1 vibrio cholerae septicaemia and gastroenteritis in an 8-year-old child. The patient presented ...
Wang C H - - 1994
An epidemic of dengue occurred in southern Taiwan in 1987, and by the end of 1988 there were 10,420 reported cases, of which 60.5% were from Kaohsiung Municipality. The urbanization and industrialization of the municipality have resulted in a vast increase in the breeding habitats of the dengue vector, Aedes ...
Begue R E - - 1994
Surveillance was conducted one day each week from December 1992 through May 1993 to determine the clinical features and etiology of diarrhea among a population in a suburban community of Lima, Peru. Patients who had had three or more loose stools during the previous 24 hr were enrolled at a ...
Piccioli A - - 1994
Two cases (a 57-year-old man and an 18-year-old girl) of bilateral massive adrenal hemorrhage (BMAH) due to sepsis (Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseira meningitidis, respectively) are reported. At admission, the man presented with fever, severe hypotension, hyperazotemia, acidosis, normonatremia and hypocoagulability, while the girl with severe hypotension, fever, hyponatremia, and hypocoagulability. ...
Zagne S M - - 1994
We studied 56 cases of serologically confirmed dengue haemorrhagic fever living in the metropolitan area of Niterói and surrounding cities in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The most frequent findings were fever and myalgia. Spontaneous haemorrhagic manifestations occurred in 46 patients, and 23 of these had more than ...
Kodama B F - - 1994
Clinical and histologic characteristics of tularemia are reviewed in this report of a 65-year-old man who presented with fever, cutaneous ulceration, and regional lymphadenopathy. Examination of a biopsy specimen failed to demonstrate the granulomatous inflammation one would expect according to the current dermatologic literature. We review the diagnostic implications of ...
Imamura S - - 1994
A 55 year old female, complaining of bloody sputum and fever, was referred to our institution. The chest roentgenogram on admission revealed a large thin-walled cavitary shadow in the right upper lobe. We could clearly observe the inner surface of the postinflammatory bronchiectatic cavity in the right B3 bronchus by ...
Mathieu J J - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Although typhoid fever incidence decreased in the 1960s and 1970s in New York City and elsewhere, it did not disappear. In this article, trends associated with various modes of transmission of Salmonella typhi in New York City patients are described. METHODS: Typhoid fever surveillance reports from 1980 to 1990 ...
Lee C W - - 1994
A 37 year-old-woman was admitted to the hospital because of 15 days' duration of continuous fever. Routine studies for detection of fever foci were negative. Imaging studies revealed giant hemangioma of the liver with central thrombosis. The fever persisted for a period of 4 weeks, and subsided after conservative management. ...
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