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Results 201 - 250 of 579
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Calic S B - - 2005
The authors describe cases of Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) diagnosed in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, by the Minas Gerais Public Health Laboratory, Ezequiel Dias Foundation from 1995 to 2004. In addition they present three cases of human Rickettsia felis rickettsiosis from Minas Gerais diagnosed in France in 1999, and the ...
Keleş Işik - - 2006
The association of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or ankylosing spondylitis (AS), most commonly with negative HLA-B27 antigen, was described in several previous reports, although the pathogenic mechanism of this association still remains unknown. Herein we report an uncommon association of FMF with HLA-B27 positive AS ...
Ochiai R Leon - - 2005
Little is known about the causes of enteric fever in Asia. Most cases are believed to be caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and the remainder by S. Paratyphi A. We compared their incidences by using standardized methods from population-based studies in China, Indonesia, India, and Pakistan.
Khan M A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The precise incidence of concurrent malaria and enteric fever in most geographical areas is largely unknown, and no data on such an association exists in Asia. Because both malaria and enteric fever are hyperendemic in Pakistan, we sought to determine the frequency, epidemiology, and clinical and laboratory features of ...
Sidi Gil - - 2005
We evaluated the epidemiology of relapsing fever from 1971 to 2003 in Israel. In civilians, incidence declined from 0.35 to 0.11 cases per 100,000 persons annually; in military personnel it averaged 6.4 cases per 100,000 persons annually. These data imply that the pathogen and vector continue to exist in Israel.
Cabrera-Batista Brinia - - 2005
The Dominican Republic (DR) has experienced tremendous increase in the number of cases of dengue virus (DENV) reported in the past few years. There are four serotypes of DENV (1-4), and each can cause classic dengue fever (DF), dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), or dengue shock syndrome (DSS). DENV-1-4 are currently ...
Mathura K C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to analyze the clinical profile and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in the cases of culture positive typhoid fever. METHOD: The study was conducted over a period of 1 year. Total of 46 culture positive cases of Typhoid fever were included in the study. The sensitivity ...
Roushan Mohammad Reza Hasanjani - - 2005
This prospective study was conducted on 111 children with brucellosis, who attended the Department of Infectious Diseases, Babol, Iran, from September 1999 to March 2003. Fever (73.9%), sweating (67.6%), artheralgia (49.5%) and splenomegaly (18%) were common findings. The disease was acute and sub-acute in 97.3% and chronic in 2.7% of ...
Tsironi Maria - - 2005
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii-an obligate, Gram-negative, intracellular bacteria. Acute febrile illness, hepatitis, and atypical pneumonia are the three most common manifestations, whereas lobar pneumonia is rarely reported among acute Q fever patients. We report a case of acute Q fever with lobar pneumonia and ...
Pigott David C - - 2005
This article reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical management of patients with suspected or confirmed viral hemorrhagic fever infection. The focus is on clinical management based on case series from naturally occuring outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fever infection as well as imported cases of viral hemorrhagic fever encountered in industrialized ...
Alavi-Naini Roya - - 2006
In June 1999, a cluster of patients with viral hemorrhagic fever were reported in central provinces of Iran. Similar cases were subsequently verified in other parts of Iran. During June 1999 to February 2004, a total of 255 patients were recorded in Southeast of Iran. The epidemiological features, clinical manifestations, ...
Rolim Dionne Bezerra - - 2005
Melioidosis was first recognized in northeastern Brazil in 2003. Confirmation of additional cases from the 2003 cluster in Ceará, more recent cases in other districts, environmental isolation of Burkholderia pseudomallei, molecular confirmation and typing results, and positive serosurveillance specimens indicate that melioidosis is more widespread in northeastern Brazil than previously ...
Boula Anna M - - 2005
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Kikuchi's disease, KD) is a rare benign condition of unknown origin, usually characterized by lymphadenopathy and fever, affecting mainly young women. We describe three cases of patients, one man and two women, with biopsy-proven KD detected at our university hospital during the past 3 years and we ...
Issack Mohammad I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of typhoid fever in Mauritius was studied to determine whether there was any need for tourists visiting Mauritius to be vaccinated against the disease, and where Mauritians with typhoid fever had been infected. Data on antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella typhi isolates from Mauritius were also analyzed. METHODS: ...
Guggenheim Jennifer N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) is uncommon. Vertical transmission in the gravid woman may result in spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery or perinatal mortality. We report a case in a pregnant woman who experienced a Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (J-HR). CASE: A 24-year-old woman at 23 weeks' gestation had a relapsing fever of ...
Sripanidkulchai Rosawan - - 2005
Obscure fever is not an uncommon problem in Thailand. We studied 25 children with obscure fever admitted to Srinagarind (university) Hospital in Northeast Thailand. The etiology was identified in 52% of the cases: dengue (40%), leptospirosis (8%), and micrococcus septicemia (4%). Two cases with primary dengue infection developed dengue shock ...
Nogueira Rita Maria Ribeiro - - 2005
During the summer of 2002, Rio de Janeiro had a large epidemic of dengue fever; 288,245 cases were reported. A subset of 1,831 dengue hemorrhagic fever cases occurred. In this study, performed in the first half of 2002, samples from 1,559 patients with suspected cases of dengue infection were analyzed. ...
Hussin Narwani - - 2005
Dengue is the most common and widespread arthropod borne arboviral infection in the world today. It is estimated that there are at least 100 million cases of dengue fever (DF) annually and 500,000 cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) which require hospitalization. In Malaysia, it has become a major public ...
de Silva T - - 2006
Chronic Q fever, predominantly associated with endocarditis, can develop insidiously. Although the diagnosis may be straightforward with a typical clinical presentation, incidental discovery of positive Coxiella burnetii serology poses a difficult clinical challenge. We describe the cases of two such patients and review the literature on the serological diagnosis of ...
Ratageri Vinod H - - 2005
Dengue fever is on rise globally. In India, Dengue epidemics are expanding geographically, even into the rural areas. Dengue can present with varied manifestations. The mortality rate has been brought down with high index of suspicion, strict monitoring and proper fluid resuscitation. Herewith, we are presenting clinical features and outcome ...
Schofer Joel M - - 2005
Cervical lymphadenitis and fever are common in patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED). Kikuchi's disease is a rare, self-limited cause of fever and cervical lymphadenitis often misdiagnosed as lymphoma or lupus and inappropriately treated, potentially causing numerous ED visits for unrelieved symptoms. The case described is that of a ...
Hanna Jeffrey N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and features of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in Indigenous people in north Queensland from mid-1999 to mid-2004. METHODS: Enhanced surveillance, including regular reminder letters to relevant clinicians and computer searches of hospital discharge diagnoses, was implemented to capture cases of ARF. RESULTS: Over the five ...
Letaïef A Omezzine - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Murine or endemic typhus, caused by Rickettsia typhi, has been reported in all continents. In the 1970s, no cases of murine typhus were diagnosed in Tunisia. METHODS: The clinico-epidemiological characteristics of seven cases of murine typhus diagnosed at our hospitals since 1993 are reported. Diagnosis was confirmed by indirect ...
Otag Feza - - 2005
Since the first report in 1998, 10 cases of Pichia ohmeri infection have been reported in the literature. Here we present two new cases of P. ohmeri infection in the paediatric age group. The first case was an 8-month-old male infant, who was admitted with fever, convulsions and altered consciousness. ...
Berger Stephen A - - 2005
Malaria and relapsing fever are arthropod-borne infections characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and a tendency to relapse. Both are diagnosed through examination of stained blood films, and both might respond to tetracycline therapy. In at least four published case reports, the presence of malarial microgametes possibly resulted in misdiagnosis of ...
Basset Didier - - 2005
Eleven new cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are reported in organ transplant patients in France. The epidemiological, clinical, biological, diagnostic and therapeutic features are reviewed, based on these cases and 46 cases reported in the literature. VL was most commonly associated with renal transplantation (77% of the cases). Most patients ...
Noji Yoshihiro - - 2005
A 53-year-old man visited Mt. Arashima-dake in Fukui Prefecture, and was infested by a tick-like organism. He visited a local clinic on July 12, 2004, complaining of high fever, general fatigue and rash. After several days without definite diagnosis, he was admitted to the Fukui Prefectural Hospital, where he was ...
Safar Elmeya - - 2005
This study comprised 462 clinically suspected cases of fascioliasis. Stool examination revealed positive 11 cases for Fasciola eggs (2.38%). Serum samples were obtained for serodiagnosis from 133 suspected cases from Cairo governorate (G) and 149 from Giza G. Using IHAT, positive results were reported in 12.03% of suspected cases in ...
Elsayed Sameer - - 2005
We describe a case of Clostridium intestinale bacteremia in a previously healthy adolescent female presenting with fever and abdominal pain. The bacterium was definitively identified via 16S rRNA gene sequencing. This is the first report, in the world literature, of human infection caused by this microorganism.
Ooi Say Tat - - 2005
It has been known for a long time that many patients experience diarrhea antecedent to the development of bacteremia or meningoencephalitis due to Listeria monocytogenes, but it was only recently that convincing evidence was obtained that this organism can cause acute, self-limited, febrile gastroenteritis in healthy persons. At least 7 ...
García Enrique - - 2005
The first South American case of human trichinosis, resulting from the consumption of roast wild boar (Sus scrofa) is reported in Chile. The patient presented fever, diarrhea, myalgias, facial edema, sub-conjunctival reddening, photophobia, eosinophilia, and elevated glutamic oxalacetic transaminase. The diagnosis was confirmed by two immunoenzymatic tests (ELISA) using somatic ...
Oka Kuniyuki - - 2005
Two autopsy cases of fulminant myocarditis demonstrating uncommon morphology were studied. Subjects included two male patients: a 42-year-old (case 1) and a 39-year-old (case 2). Both cases had fever, chest or epigastric pain, electrocardiographic abnormalities, prominent elevation of serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, glutamic pyruvic transaminase, lactic dehydrogenase and creatine phosphokinase. ...
Van der Schueren B - - 2005
We report the case of a 57-year-old woman presenting with persistent cough, weight loss, and fever. An extensive work-up revealed laboratory signs of inflammation and a mild thickening of the aortic wall on computed tomographic scan of the thorax. These findings raised the suspicion of large vessel vasculitis that was ...
Rustscheff Stefan - - 2005
Q fever is common worldwide but extremely rare as a cause of clinical disease in Sweden. Complications such as meningitis and Guillain-Barré syndrome are not uncommon. Chronic polyneuropathy caused by Q fever has until now never been reported in the English-speaking medical community. The first truly indigenous case of clinical ...
Syrjälä Paula - - 2005
We investigated the epidemiology of the European brown hare syndrome (EBHS) in Finland among free-living mountain hares (Lepus timidus) and European brown hares (Lepus europaeus). Carcasses of 297 European brown hares and 843 mountain hares submitted for postmortem examination were analyzed between 1990 and 2002. One hundred thirty-six cases of ...
Cheng Nai-Chen - - 2004
Bacteremic necrotizing fasciitis caused by non-O1 Vibrio cholerae has rarely been reported. We describe a case of necrotizing fasciitis of the bilateral lower extremities in a 68-year-old man with liver cirrhosis and diabetes mellitus. Cultures of blood and the debrided tissue all yielded V. cholerae serogroup non-O1 (O56). Despite extensive ...
Carels T - - 2005
We describe a 63-year-old man who presented with an inflammatory aortic aneurysm. The patient had p-ANCA antibodies directed against myeloperoxidase. A diagnosis of idiopathic periaortitis was made. Seven years later, he was rehospitalized because of fever, weight loss, and polyneuropathy. After revision of the aortic biopsy, which showed necrotizing vasculitis ...
Moore Zack S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The ability to differentiate chickenpox from smallpox is important for early recognition of bioterrorism events and prevention of false alarms. The febrile prodrome is a clinical feature used to differentiate these conditions. However, the prevalence of prodromal manifestations in chickenpox has not been well established. METHODS: We evaluated prodrome ...
Foucault C - - 2004
Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, is responsible for various clinical syndromes, but lymphadenitis has been described during Q fever in only three recent case reports. Four new cases of acute Q fever associated with lymphadenopathy are reported here, and these cases are discussed along with the three ...
Phukan A C - - 2004
Sporadic cases of acute diarrhoea with high morbidity occur commonly in rural areas of northeast India, throughout the year. At times they take epidemic form and one such outbreak occurred with attack and case fatality rates of 11.6% and 0.8%, respectively, in October 2002, in a remote locality of Assam. ...
Silva Luiz J - - 2004
Murine typhus has been increasingly recognized worldwide and is becoming a relevant differential diagnosis in febrile conditions. In Brazil, murine typhus has never received much attention. We present a recently diagnosed case and a literature review that suggests that the disease could be more prevalent in Southeastern Brazil than acknowledged ...
Chrysochou Constantina - - 2004
A 61-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with acute-onset breathlessness, fever, sore throat and confusion. Her initial investigations revealed hyponatremia and middle lobe consolidation. In view of the atypical symptoms and signs, erythromycin was commenced. Urinary legionella antigen was requested and that tested positive. She was one of the ...
Karti S Sami - - 2004
In 2002 and 2003, a total of 19 persons in Turkey had suspected cases of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) or a similar viral infection. Six serum samples were tested; all six were found positive for immunoglobulin M antibodies against CCHF virus. Two of the samples yielded CCHF virus isolates. Genetic ...
Mokrani K - - 2004
We report a case of epidemic typhus in a patient from the Batna region of Algeria, who presented with generalized febrile exanthema. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed by serological cross-adsorption followed by Western blotting. Our report emphasizes the threat of epidemic typhus in the highlands of Algeria.
Pappas Georgios - - 2004
Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, is a prevalent zoonotic disease manifestating usually as atypical pneumonia or hepatitis. We describe 2 cases of serologically proven infection by Coxiella burnetii whose primary manifestations arose from the upper respiratory tract and were initially referred to the ear, nose, and throat ...
Das Sudip Kr - - 2004
Plasmacytoma is not a rare entity; it usually presents as bone pain (70%) or susceptibility to infection e. g. · pneumonia or pyelonephritis, but its presentation as isolated maxillary swelling is a rare entity.Here, a 25 years young male presented with right maxillary swelling. After radiological, histopathological and biochemical investigation, ...
Calic Simone B - - 2004
Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) rickettsiosis is the most common and recognized of the human rickettsioses in Brazil. It is difficult to establish the diagnosis of human rickettsiosis infection by routine microbiologic methods, creating a false idea that Rickettsia and Ehrlichia infections are rare and without importance. New tick-borne diseases, like ...
Puthucheary J - - 2004
AIMS: To describe the epidemiological and clinical features of paediatric severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Singapore. METHODS: The following data were retrospectively collected from the case records of all 71 patients (aged 7 months to 14 years) admitted from 23 March to 22 May 2003 to the SARS paediatric ...
Jensenius Mogens - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne rickettsioses are of emerging importance in today's travel medicine but have until recently received little attention. We describe the current knowledge of tick-borne rickettsioses as they relate to international travel, their microbiological diagnosis, treatment, possible prevention, and future prospects. METHODS: Literature-based review and personal observations. RESULTS: During the ...
Crump John A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To use new data to make a revised estimate of the global burden of typhoid fever, an accurate understanding of which is necessary to guide public health decisions for disease control and prevention efforts. METHODS: Population-based studies using confirmation by blood culture of typhoid fever cases were sought by ...
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