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Aydinöz Seçil - - 2006
The papular-purpuric gloves-and-socks syndrome (PPGSS) is a disease characterized by an itching erythema and edema of the hands and feet, oral mucosal lesions and fever. It may be caused by various agents. Parvovirus B19 has been implicated as the etiological factor in most cases. Here we report a case of ...
de Sousa Rita - - 2006
Researchers have long appreciated the role of climate in vector-borne diseases, including the resurgence of boutonneuse fever (BF). Portugal usually is classified as having temperate Mediterranean climate. In this new century, in analyzing the data from the Meteorology Institute, this pattern has changed and an accentuated variability in climate is ...
Angerami Rodrigo N - - 2006
This case series study is based on a retrospective review of medical records and case notification files of patients admitted to The Hospital das Clínicas da UNICAMP from 1985 to 2003 with a confirmed diagnosis of BSF either by fourfold rise in indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) titers of IgG antibodies ...
Mahara Fumihiko - - 2006
Three rickettsial diseases are known to exist in Japan currently: Japanese spotted fever (JSF), Tsutsugamushi disease (TD; scrub typhus), and Q fever. Since April 1999, the system for infection control and prevention in Japan has changed drastically. JSF, Q fever, and TD, as emerging infectious diseases, are designated as national ...
Tarasevich Irina V - - 2006
Currently, several rickettsioses are officially being reported in the Russian Federation. These are epidemic typhus and Brill-Zinsser disease, both caused by Rickettsia prowazekii which has a historic prevalence in Russia. Nowadays only single sporadic cases of R. prowazekii infection are reported. The last significant outbreak occurred in 1997 in a ...
- - 2006
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus indigenous to tropical Africa and Asia, where it is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes, usually of the genus Aedes. Chikungunya (CHIK) fever, the disease caused by CHIKV, was first recognized in epidemic form in East Africa during 1952-1953. The word ...
Bausch Daniel G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever was first observed in a gold-mining village in northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo in October 1998. METHODS: We investigated the outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever most intensively in May and October 1999. Sporadic cases and short chains of human-to-human transmission continued to ...
Caputo Ruggero - - 2006
Juvenile gangrenous vasculitis of the scrotum was described by Piñol et al in 1974 as a unique variant of scrotal gangrene of unknown origin, occurring exclusively in young individuals. It was characterized by an acute onset of skin ulcers undergoing complete resolution after appropriate therapy, with no relapses. We present ...
Bandyopadhyay Shibani - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The current World Health Organisation (WHO) classification of dengue includes two distinct entities: dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome; it is largely based on pediatric cases in Southeast Asia. Dengue has extended to different tropical areas and older age groups. Variations from the original description ...
Puwanant Maneerat - - 2006
Neonatal septicemia acquired by vertical transmission of Pasteurella multocida is very rare. The authors report a case of Pasteurella multocida septicemia in a 2-day-old male infant. His mother had a history of prolonged premature rupture of membranes and subsequently developed fever. The patient had fever and lethargy at 36 hours ...
Santos Marta - - 2006
Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CL) is a zoonosis and a chronic systemic disease characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical signs, including, in rare occasions, polyarthritis. This report describes a case of CL in an 8-month old male boxer dog with a history of lameness, fever and lymphadenopathy. A definitive diagnosis ...
McQuiston Jennifer H - - 2006
Although Q fever is considered enzootic in the United States, surveillance for human Q fever has been historically limited. From 1978 through 1999, 436 cases (average = 20 per year) of human Q fever were reported. After Q fever became nationally reportable in 1999, 255 human Q fever cases (average ...
Allton David R - - 2006
We describe a patient who presented with cholera-like diarrhea seven days after eating shellfish at a seafood buffet on the Gulf Coast. The patient's stool culture grew only Vibrio fluvialis on TCBS agar, and his diarrhea and profound acidosis completely resolved within 24 hours of initiating antibiotics. To our knowledge, ...
Baruah J - - 2006
Dengue is the most important Arbovirus in the world in terms of occurrence and impact. It has been responsible for some devastating outbreaks and accounts for nearly 50-100 million cases of dengue fever and 2-5 lac cases of the dengue hemorrhagic fever worldwide. Dengue is caused by an arbovirus, which ...
Kern Leah - - 2006
We present two unusual cases of pyomyositis of the psoas muscle caused by Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) in children presenting with fever, emesis and leg pain. Pyomyositis secondary to GABHS is rare in children and cases involving the psoas muscle have not been previously reported. In our discussion, we ...
Assi Maha - - 2006
No large case series of gastrointestinal histoplasmosis (GIH) in patients with AIDS has been published. We report 18 cases and review 34 published cases in the medical literature. We did a retrospective chart review from patients seen in our medical practices between 1989 and 2004. Most of our patients were ...
Faa Antony G - - 2006
Of the various rickettsial diseases, only scrub typhus has been well documented in Papua New Guinea. A review of the historical literature confirms this. A serological survey was conducted on 113 antenatal patients presenting to a district hospital in Kokopo, East New Britain. Results suggested that a spotted fever rickettsial ...
Zou Chao Chun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcus neoformans is an important opportunistic fungal pathogen that is acquired via the respiratory tract. It causes several clinical syndromes and most commonly presents as meningitis. The establishment of C neoformans infections in immunocompetent individuals could be owing to increased virulence, dose of the organism, or genetically determined differences ...
Costa Paulo Sérgio Gonçalves da - - 2006
Q fever has been considered non-existing in Brazil where reports of clinical cases still cannot be found. This case-series of 16 patients is a result of a systematic search for such illness by means of clinical and serologic criteria. Serologic testing was performed by the indirect microimmunofluorescence technique using phase ...
Chang-Chien Chih-Hsuan - - 2006
Non-O1 Vibrio cholerae are gram-negative rods that can cause sporadic gastroenteritis, bacteraemia, and extraintestinal infections, primarily following the consumption of raw seafood or exposure of damaged skin to contaminated saltwater during the summer months. Bacteraemic necrotizing fasciitis caused by non-O1 V. cholerae has rarely been reported. Liver cirrhosis, haemochromatosis, and ...
Sathyan P - - 2006
Zoonotic filariasis caused by Dirofilaria repens, a parasite of carnivores occurs mainly in countries surrounding Mediterranean region. The infection occurs in and around eye among animal handlers through vector transmission. We are reporting a case of human Dirofilariasis affecting subtenons region in a 63 year-old woman from Coimbatore, South India. ...
Stewart Ian - - 2006
Cyanobacteria are common inhabitants of freshwater lakes and reservoirs throughout the world. Under favourable conditions, certain cyanobacteria can dominate the phytoplankton within a waterbody and form nuisance blooms. Case reports and anecdotal references dating from 1949 describe a range of illnesses associated with recreational exposure to cyanobacteria: hay fever-like symptoms, ...
Arbaji A - - 2005
Between late January and early February 1997, an outbreak of plague, associated with cervical lymphadenopathy and fever, occurred in the Jordanian village of Azraq ad-Druze, which lies about 50 km west of the border with Saudi Arabia. The 12 cases who presented at hospital were initially assumed to have tularaemia, ...
Calic S B - - 2005
The authors describe cases of Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) diagnosed in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, by the Minas Gerais Public Health Laboratory, Ezequiel Dias Foundation from 1995 to 2004. In addition they present three cases of human Rickettsia felis rickettsiosis from Minas Gerais diagnosed in France in 1999, and the ...
Keleş Işik - - 2006
The association of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or ankylosing spondylitis (AS), most commonly with negative HLA-B27 antigen, was described in several previous reports, although the pathogenic mechanism of this association still remains unknown. Herein we report an uncommon association of FMF with HLA-B27 positive AS ...
Ochiai R Leon - - 2005
Little is known about the causes of enteric fever in Asia. Most cases are believed to be caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi and the remainder by S. Paratyphi A. We compared their incidences by using standardized methods from population-based studies in China, Indonesia, India, and Pakistan.
Khan M A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The precise incidence of concurrent malaria and enteric fever in most geographical areas is largely unknown, and no data on such an association exists in Asia. Because both malaria and enteric fever are hyperendemic in Pakistan, we sought to determine the frequency, epidemiology, and clinical and laboratory features of ...
Sidi Gil - - 2005
We evaluated the epidemiology of relapsing fever from 1971 to 2003 in Israel. In civilians, incidence declined from 0.35 to 0.11 cases per 100,000 persons annually; in military personnel it averaged 6.4 cases per 100,000 persons annually. These data imply that the pathogen and vector continue to exist in Israel.
Cabrera-Batista Brinia - - 2005
The Dominican Republic (DR) has experienced tremendous increase in the number of cases of dengue virus (DENV) reported in the past few years. There are four serotypes of DENV (1-4), and each can cause classic dengue fever (DF), dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), or dengue shock syndrome (DSS). DENV-1-4 are currently ...
Mathura K C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to analyze the clinical profile and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in the cases of culture positive typhoid fever. METHOD: The study was conducted over a period of 1 year. Total of 46 culture positive cases of Typhoid fever were included in the study. The sensitivity ...
Roushan Mohammad Reza Hasanjani - - 2005
This prospective study was conducted on 111 children with brucellosis, who attended the Department of Infectious Diseases, Babol, Iran, from September 1999 to March 2003. Fever (73.9%), sweating (67.6%), artheralgia (49.5%) and splenomegaly (18%) were common findings. The disease was acute and sub-acute in 97.3% and chronic in 2.7% of ...
Tsironi Maria - - 2005
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii-an obligate, Gram-negative, intracellular bacteria. Acute febrile illness, hepatitis, and atypical pneumonia are the three most common manifestations, whereas lobar pneumonia is rarely reported among acute Q fever patients. We report a case of acute Q fever with lobar pneumonia and ...
Pigott David C - - 2005
This article reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical management of patients with suspected or confirmed viral hemorrhagic fever infection. The focus is on clinical management based on case series from naturally occuring outbreaks of viral hemorrhagic fever infection as well as imported cases of viral hemorrhagic fever encountered in industrialized ...
Alavi-Naini Roya - - 2006
In June 1999, a cluster of patients with viral hemorrhagic fever were reported in central provinces of Iran. Similar cases were subsequently verified in other parts of Iran. During June 1999 to February 2004, a total of 255 patients were recorded in Southeast of Iran. The epidemiological features, clinical manifestations, ...
Rolim Dionne Bezerra - - 2005
Melioidosis was first recognized in northeastern Brazil in 2003. Confirmation of additional cases from the 2003 cluster in Ceará, more recent cases in other districts, environmental isolation of Burkholderia pseudomallei, molecular confirmation and typing results, and positive serosurveillance specimens indicate that melioidosis is more widespread in northeastern Brazil than previously ...
Boula Anna M - - 2005
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Kikuchi's disease, KD) is a rare benign condition of unknown origin, usually characterized by lymphadenopathy and fever, affecting mainly young women. We describe three cases of patients, one man and two women, with biopsy-proven KD detected at our university hospital during the past 3 years and we ...
Issack Mohammad I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of typhoid fever in Mauritius was studied to determine whether there was any need for tourists visiting Mauritius to be vaccinated against the disease, and where Mauritians with typhoid fever had been infected. Data on antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella typhi isolates from Mauritius were also analyzed. METHODS: ...
Guggenheim Jennifer N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) is uncommon. Vertical transmission in the gravid woman may result in spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery or perinatal mortality. We report a case in a pregnant woman who experienced a Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction (J-HR). CASE: A 24-year-old woman at 23 weeks' gestation had a relapsing fever of ...
Sripanidkulchai Rosawan - - 2005
Obscure fever is not an uncommon problem in Thailand. We studied 25 children with obscure fever admitted to Srinagarind (university) Hospital in Northeast Thailand. The etiology was identified in 52% of the cases: dengue (40%), leptospirosis (8%), and micrococcus septicemia (4%). Two cases with primary dengue infection developed dengue shock ...
Nogueira Rita Maria Ribeiro - - 2005
During the summer of 2002, Rio de Janeiro had a large epidemic of dengue fever; 288,245 cases were reported. A subset of 1,831 dengue hemorrhagic fever cases occurred. In this study, performed in the first half of 2002, samples from 1,559 patients with suspected cases of dengue infection were analyzed. ...
Hussin Narwani - - 2005
Dengue is the most common and widespread arthropod borne arboviral infection in the world today. It is estimated that there are at least 100 million cases of dengue fever (DF) annually and 500,000 cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) which require hospitalization. In Malaysia, it has become a major public ...
de Silva T - - 2006
Chronic Q fever, predominantly associated with endocarditis, can develop insidiously. Although the diagnosis may be straightforward with a typical clinical presentation, incidental discovery of positive Coxiella burnetii serology poses a difficult clinical challenge. We describe the cases of two such patients and review the literature on the serological diagnosis of ...
Ratageri Vinod H - - 2005
Dengue fever is on rise globally. In India, Dengue epidemics are expanding geographically, even into the rural areas. Dengue can present with varied manifestations. The mortality rate has been brought down with high index of suspicion, strict monitoring and proper fluid resuscitation. Herewith, we are presenting clinical features and outcome ...
Schofer Joel M - - 2005
Cervical lymphadenitis and fever are common in patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED). Kikuchi's disease is a rare, self-limited cause of fever and cervical lymphadenitis often misdiagnosed as lymphoma or lupus and inappropriately treated, potentially causing numerous ED visits for unrelieved symptoms. The case described is that of a ...
Hanna Jeffrey N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology and features of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in Indigenous people in north Queensland from mid-1999 to mid-2004. METHODS: Enhanced surveillance, including regular reminder letters to relevant clinicians and computer searches of hospital discharge diagnoses, was implemented to capture cases of ARF. RESULTS: Over the five ...
Letaïef A Omezzine - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Murine or endemic typhus, caused by Rickettsia typhi, has been reported in all continents. In the 1970s, no cases of murine typhus were diagnosed in Tunisia. METHODS: The clinico-epidemiological characteristics of seven cases of murine typhus diagnosed at our hospitals since 1993 are reported. Diagnosis was confirmed by indirect ...
Otag Feza - - 2005
Since the first report in 1998, 10 cases of Pichia ohmeri infection have been reported in the literature. Here we present two new cases of P. ohmeri infection in the paediatric age group. The first case was an 8-month-old male infant, who was admitted with fever, convulsions and altered consciousness. ...
Berger Stephen A - - 2005
Malaria and relapsing fever are arthropod-borne infections characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and a tendency to relapse. Both are diagnosed through examination of stained blood films, and both might respond to tetracycline therapy. In at least four published case reports, the presence of malarial microgametes possibly resulted in misdiagnosis of ...
Basset Didier - - 2005
Eleven new cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are reported in organ transplant patients in France. The epidemiological, clinical, biological, diagnostic and therapeutic features are reviewed, based on these cases and 46 cases reported in the literature. VL was most commonly associated with renal transplantation (77% of the cases). Most patients ...
Noji Yoshihiro - - 2005
A 53-year-old man visited Mt. Arashima-dake in Fukui Prefecture, and was infested by a tick-like organism. He visited a local clinic on July 12, 2004, complaining of high fever, general fatigue and rash. After several days without definite diagnosis, he was admitted to the Fukui Prefectural Hospital, where he was ...
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