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Hill Jennifer R - - 2008
Xanthogranulomatous orchitis (XGO) is a rare histological finding that is generally diagnosed at orchiectomy. To date, fewer than 10 reports of XGO exist in the literature. The exact pathogenesis of XGO is unknown and patients may present with a rapid onset of symptoms or a longer, more indolent course. We ...
Mansueto Pasquale - - 2008
Despite the availability of all advanced diagnostic tools, fever of unknown origin (FUO) remains a diagnostic challenge for physicians. The objective was to define, through a retrospective study, the categories of the diseases of Sicilian patients admitted at the Department of Clinical Medicine and Emerging Diseases, University of Palermo, Italy, ...
Emch Michael - - 2008
The seasonality of cholera is described in various study areas throughout the world. However, no study examines how temporal cycles of the disease vary around the world or reviews its hypothesized causes. This paper reviews the literature on the seasonality of cholera and describes its temporal cycles by compiling and ...
Manfredi Roberto - - 2007
An exemplary case report of a patient who developed an unpredictable sudden, late-onset clozapine-related life-threatening agranulocytosis expressed by a nadir of 14 polymorphonuclear cells/microL, and subsequently underwent protective hospitalisation and broad spectrum, empiric antimicrobial therapy and also experienced serious intolerance to a number of administered antibiotic and antifungal agents, is ...
Lierl M - - 2007
The objective was to present a case of periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA), summarize the medical literature on PFAPA, review the differential diagnosis and suggest a diagnostic approach to periodic fevers in children. A PubMed search was conducted for all case reports and series of ...
Knockaert Daniel C - - 2007
Recurrent fever of unknown origin is mostly caused by rather rare diseases and many cases remain unexplained. The very limited literature data do not allow one to construct a diagnostic algorithm. A number of general principles should be kept in mind before starting the investigation for this rare subtype of ...
Makhija S S Division of Gastroenterology, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2007
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. The common presentation includes abdominal pain, abdominal cramping and diarrhea. Many patients may exhibit systemic symptoms of fever and weight loss. Approximately 20% to 40% of patients will experience extraintestinal manifestations that involve the eyes, ...
Theegarten Dirk - - 2008
Human brucellosis is a worldwide re-emerging zoonosis. However, its histological appearance has only been occasionally described. We report the case of a young girl who had been suffering from a spontaneous fracture of the eighth thoracic vertebra at the age of 7. At the age of 15, X-ray showed a ...
- - 2007
Tickborne relapsing fever (TBRF) is a bacterial illness caused by certain species of Borrelia and transmitted through brief and painless bites from Ornithodoros ticks. Illness usually is characterized by intermittent periods of fever, fatigue, and muscle aches. In April 2005, CDC received reports of two cases of severe TBRF associated ...
Vorou Regina - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a tick-borne viral zoonosis with the potential of human-to-human transmission, affecting wide areas in Asia, Southeastern Europe, and Africa. Hemorrhagic manifestations constitute a prominent symptom of late stage disease with case fatality rates from 10% to 50%. The purpose of this article is ...
Kalayanarooj Siripen - - 2007
In response to a January 2005 report of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in Timor Leste, the World Health Organization sent a team to assist the National Hospital Guido Valadares (NHGV) in Dili with clinical case management and diagnostic support. The hospital reported 67 admissions including 8 deaths (case fatality rate ...
Cagatay Atahan - - 2007
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe disease with a case fatality of 2.8 to 80 %. A patient dwelling in an endemic region for CCHF was admitted with fever preceding bleeding diathesis and pancytopenia. Despite no history of tick exposure, CCHF was highly suspected. With an oral ribavirin therapy, ...
Raveendran R - - 2007
Neonatal enteric fever is a rare but life-threatening illness. Patients may present with varying severity, Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi causing more severe illness than Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi A. Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi A is considered to cause milder infection with fewer complications. We report a rare case of vertical ...
Sani Gabriele - - 2007
Fever (pyretotherapy) was used for psychosis during the turn of the 19th century, but pyretotherapy (ie, the treatment of a disorder by inducing fever) fell out of use after the introduction of convulsive methods. Here, we report on a case of schizoaffective disorder and review classical and recent literature on ...
Sañudo Alejandra - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mesotherapy is an increasingly used technique which is currently causing several mycobacterial infections owing to contaminated substances being injected, and also to poor aseptic measures being held by nonprofessional practitioners. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected 15 cases of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection after mesotherapy in a 6-month period. RESULTS: ...
Ralph Anna - - 2007
Q fever (infection with Coxiella burnetii) has been uncommon in Australia's Northern Territory, with no reported cases until 2002. Since then, twelve cases of Q fever have been reported, representing a much lower notification rate than in surrounding Australian states. Three cases were identified in Central Australia during 2006, prompting ...
Nguyen Dana R - - 2007
Overseas deployments place military personnel at risk for tropical diseases not typically observed on the U.S. mainland. This case describes the first reported case of brucellosis returning from Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. A 31-year-old infantry soldier complained of a 6-week history of headaches, relapsing fever, and constitutional ...
Glynn Fergal John - - 2007
Patients with infectious mononucleosis caused by the Epstein-Barr virus frequently present to the accident and emergency department. The most common presenting symptoms are fever, fatigue, odynophagia and malaise. Although significant airway compromise is rare and occurs in an estimated 1-3.5% of cases, it may present as a potentially life-threatening situation ...
Koliou Maria - - 2007
R. typhi is one of the rickettsial species endemic in the Mediterranean countries and is associated with the zoonotic infection of murine typhus, which may have a complicated course especially in adult patients. Murine typhus in pregnancy has rarely been reported in the medical literature. We describe a case of ...
Weiner Scott G - - 2007
Sydenham chorea (SC) is the neurological manifestation of rheumatic fever and is the most common acquired chorea in children. The disease presents as choreiform movements and behavioral changes after a streptoccocal throat infection. Although the incidence of SC has diminished because of aggressive antibiotic treatment, both isolated cases and epidemics ...
Oka Takakazu - - 2007
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Psychogenic fever is one of the most common psychosomatic diseases. Patients with psychogenic fever have acute or persistent body temperature above normal range in psychologically stressful situations. In spite of numerous case reports on psychogenic fever, there are few epidemiological studies. Therefore, our goal was to investigate the ...
Gozalan Aysegul - - 2007
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an arbovirus infection, which is transmitted through ticks or via blood and secretions. Until recently, human cases of CCHF were unknown in Turkey; however, several acute disease cases were reported in 2002. We report on the investigation of a cluster of suspected CCHF cases in ...
Sahin Mitat - - 2007
Tularemia, casued by Francisella tularensis, is a zoonotic disease presenting various clinical forms. In the present study, three outbreaks of tularemia occurred from January to March and September in 2004 (first and second) and January to March in 2005 (third) are reported from the north-eastern part of Turkey. All cases ...
Al-Obaid I - - 2006
A case of catheter-associated fungemia due to Exophiala oligosperma in a 3-year-old leukemic child is presented. The etiologic agent was isolated from blood specimens and the catheter tip. The isolate was identified by its morphological characteristics and DNA sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer region of rDNA. Despite initial amphotericin ...
Griffith David C - - 2006
The global temporal and spatial distribution of cholera is underappreciated, given the lack of surveillance in endemic areas and economic disincentives to report outbreaks. To judge the use of specific novel interventions such as vaccines or anti-secretory agents, we compiled a database and analyzed cholera reports from the Program for ...
Bangs Michael J - - 2006
An extensive outbreak of dengue fever and dengue hemorhagic fever occurred in the city of Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia from late 1997 through March/April 1998. All surveyed administrative areas (kelurahan) in Palembang were found to be 'permissive' for dengue virus transmission; and all areas that had Aedes (subgenus Stegomyia) larval ...
Angerami Rodrigo N - - 2006
Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) is the most important tick-borne disease in Brazil and is caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by the Ixodid tick Amblyomma cajennense, its main vector. We present epidemiologic aspects of a case series of patients admitted to the Hospital das Clínicas da UNICAMP from 1985 to ...
Ciceroni Lorenzo - - 2006
Rickettsial diseases continue to be the cause of serious health problems in Italy. From 1998 to 2002, 4,604 clinical cases were reported, with 33 deaths in the period from 1998 to 2001. Almost all the cases reported in Italy are cases of Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF). Other rickettsioses that have ...
Montes M - - 2006
Overall 1,261 cases of Q fever were diagnosed between 1984 and 2004 in Gipuzkoa (Basque Country, Spain). Most (75.5%) of the cases ocurred in subjects 15-45 years of age. A total of 79.5% of the cases (n = 1003) ocurred between January and June. The annual incidence for acute Q ...
Aydinöz Seçil - - 2006
The papular-purpuric gloves-and-socks syndrome (PPGSS) is a disease characterized by an itching erythema and edema of the hands and feet, oral mucosal lesions and fever. It may be caused by various agents. Parvovirus B19 has been implicated as the etiological factor in most cases. Here we report a case of ...
de Sousa Rita - - 2006
Researchers have long appreciated the role of climate in vector-borne diseases, including the resurgence of boutonneuse fever (BF). Portugal usually is classified as having temperate Mediterranean climate. In this new century, in analyzing the data from the Meteorology Institute, this pattern has changed and an accentuated variability in climate is ...
Angerami Rodrigo N - - 2006
This case series study is based on a retrospective review of medical records and case notification files of patients admitted to The Hospital das Clínicas da UNICAMP from 1985 to 2003 with a confirmed diagnosis of BSF either by fourfold rise in indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) titers of IgG antibodies ...
Mahara Fumihiko - - 2006
Three rickettsial diseases are known to exist in Japan currently: Japanese spotted fever (JSF), Tsutsugamushi disease (TD; scrub typhus), and Q fever. Since April 1999, the system for infection control and prevention in Japan has changed drastically. JSF, Q fever, and TD, as emerging infectious diseases, are designated as national ...
Tarasevich Irina V - - 2006
Currently, several rickettsioses are officially being reported in the Russian Federation. These are epidemic typhus and Brill-Zinsser disease, both caused by Rickettsia prowazekii which has a historic prevalence in Russia. Nowadays only single sporadic cases of R. prowazekii infection are reported. The last significant outbreak occurred in 1997 in a ...
- - 2006
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus indigenous to tropical Africa and Asia, where it is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes, usually of the genus Aedes. Chikungunya (CHIK) fever, the disease caused by CHIKV, was first recognized in epidemic form in East Africa during 1952-1953. The word ...
Bausch Daniel G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever was first observed in a gold-mining village in northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo in October 1998. METHODS: We investigated the outbreak of Marburg hemorrhagic fever most intensively in May and October 1999. Sporadic cases and short chains of human-to-human transmission continued to ...
Caputo Ruggero - - 2006
Juvenile gangrenous vasculitis of the scrotum was described by Piñol et al in 1974 as a unique variant of scrotal gangrene of unknown origin, occurring exclusively in young individuals. It was characterized by an acute onset of skin ulcers undergoing complete resolution after appropriate therapy, with no relapses. We present ...
Bandyopadhyay Shibani - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The current World Health Organisation (WHO) classification of dengue includes two distinct entities: dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome; it is largely based on pediatric cases in Southeast Asia. Dengue has extended to different tropical areas and older age groups. Variations from the original description ...
Puwanant Maneerat - - 2006
Neonatal septicemia acquired by vertical transmission of Pasteurella multocida is very rare. The authors report a case of Pasteurella multocida septicemia in a 2-day-old male infant. His mother had a history of prolonged premature rupture of membranes and subsequently developed fever. The patient had fever and lethargy at 36 hours ...
Santos Marta - - 2006
Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CL) is a zoonosis and a chronic systemic disease characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical signs, including, in rare occasions, polyarthritis. This report describes a case of CL in an 8-month old male boxer dog with a history of lameness, fever and lymphadenopathy. A definitive diagnosis ...
McQuiston Jennifer H - - 2006
Although Q fever is considered enzootic in the United States, surveillance for human Q fever has been historically limited. From 1978 through 1999, 436 cases (average = 20 per year) of human Q fever were reported. After Q fever became nationally reportable in 1999, 255 human Q fever cases (average ...
Allton David R - - 2006
We describe a patient who presented with cholera-like diarrhea seven days after eating shellfish at a seafood buffet on the Gulf Coast. The patient's stool culture grew only Vibrio fluvialis on TCBS agar, and his diarrhea and profound acidosis completely resolved within 24 hours of initiating antibiotics. To our knowledge, ...
Baruah J - - 2006
Dengue is the most important Arbovirus in the world in terms of occurrence and impact. It has been responsible for some devastating outbreaks and accounts for nearly 50-100 million cases of dengue fever and 2-5 lac cases of the dengue hemorrhagic fever worldwide. Dengue is caused by an arbovirus, which ...
Kern Leah - - 2006
We present two unusual cases of pyomyositis of the psoas muscle caused by Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) in children presenting with fever, emesis and leg pain. Pyomyositis secondary to GABHS is rare in children and cases involving the psoas muscle have not been previously reported. In our discussion, we ...
Assi Maha - - 2006
No large case series of gastrointestinal histoplasmosis (GIH) in patients with AIDS has been published. We report 18 cases and review 34 published cases in the medical literature. We did a retrospective chart review from patients seen in our medical practices between 1989 and 2004. Most of our patients were ...
Faa Antony G - - 2006
Of the various rickettsial diseases, only scrub typhus has been well documented in Papua New Guinea. A review of the historical literature confirms this. A serological survey was conducted on 113 antenatal patients presenting to a district hospital in Kokopo, East New Britain. Results suggested that a spotted fever rickettsial ...
Zou Chao Chun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcus neoformans is an important opportunistic fungal pathogen that is acquired via the respiratory tract. It causes several clinical syndromes and most commonly presents as meningitis. The establishment of C neoformans infections in immunocompetent individuals could be owing to increased virulence, dose of the organism, or genetically determined differences ...
Costa Paulo Sérgio Gonçalves da - - 2006
Q fever has been considered non-existing in Brazil where reports of clinical cases still cannot be found. This case-series of 16 patients is a result of a systematic search for such illness by means of clinical and serologic criteria. Serologic testing was performed by the indirect microimmunofluorescence technique using phase ...
Chang-Chien Chih-Hsuan - - 2006
Non-O1 Vibrio cholerae are gram-negative rods that can cause sporadic gastroenteritis, bacteraemia, and extraintestinal infections, primarily following the consumption of raw seafood or exposure of damaged skin to contaminated saltwater during the summer months. Bacteraemic necrotizing fasciitis caused by non-O1 V. cholerae has rarely been reported. Liver cirrhosis, haemochromatosis, and ...
Sathyan P - - 2006
Zoonotic filariasis caused by Dirofilaria repens, a parasite of carnivores occurs mainly in countries surrounding Mediterranean region. The infection occurs in and around eye among animal handlers through vector transmission. We are reporting a case of human Dirofilariasis affecting subtenons region in a 63 year-old woman from Coimbatore, South India. ...
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