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Ong Chong - - 2010
Optic neuritis (ON) is a rare association of Q fever. We report the first case of ON associated with Q fever in Australia and review all previously reported cases in the medical literature. The impact of therapy with antibiotics and steroids on outcome is discussed. Q fever should be considered ...
Miceli Marisa H - - 2010
Coxiella burnetii has recently gained military relevance given its potential as a bioterrorism agent, and the multiple cases reported among U.S. military personnel deployed to the Middle East. Sexual transmission of Q fever is rare but has been reported in the literature. We describe the possible sexual transmission of Q ...
Eckerle Isabella - - 2010
We report a typhoid-like illness with fever and altered consciousness in a 22-year-old man with growth of Salmonella enterica serovar Virchow in blood and stool culture. Bacteremia and invasive disease due to non-typhoid salmonellae (NTS) are known in severely immunocompromised patients, but so far have not been described in immunocompetent ...
Fraeyman A A Klinisch Laboratorium afdeling microbiologie, OLV Ziekenhuis, Aalst, Belgium. - - 2010
Chlamydophila psittaci is the causative agent of psittacosis or ornithosis. The disease is transmitted to men predominantly from birds. Most commonly noted symptoms are fever, headache and cough, but a number of other symptoms or complications may arise such as renal impairment, hepatitis or neurological symptoms. In this article 3 ...
Fujimura Takanori - - 2010
We report two cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with trisomy 8 who had periodic fever and erythema nodosum (EN). A 74-year-old man showed periodic fever and EN. A diagnosis of MDS with trisomy 8 was made, and he was successfully treated with prednisolone (PSL). A 71-year-old man presented with intermittent ...
Lin Shang-Yi - - 2010
Delayed and reversible hearing loss occurred in a 55-year-old male patient with murine typhus infection. The patient had the initial symptoms of headache, fever and chills, followed by the occurrence of bilateral hearing loss on day 9 from fever onset. Murine typhus was diagnosed with a high IgM titre by ...
Gentile Ivan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome (DIHS) is a severe and rare systemic reaction triggered by a drug (usually an antiepileptic drug). We present a case of DISH and we review studies on the clinical features and treatment of DIHS, and on its pathogenesis in which two elements (Herpesvirus infection and the ...
Ezzat Rajan Fuad - - 2010
We describe a case of rare complication of typhoid fever in a seven-year-old child and review the literature with regard to other rare causes of bleeding per rectum. Dieulafoy's lesion is an uncommon but important cause of recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding. Dieulafoy's lesion located extragastrically is rare. We report a case ...
Beatty Mark E - - 2010
Dengue fever is a virus infection that is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito and can cause severe disease especially in children. Dengue fever is a major problem in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. We invited dengue experts from around the world to attend meetings to discuss dengue ...
Ahsan Syed Atif - - 2009
Metal fume fever (MFF) is an important occupational-related illness resulting from inhalation of volatile metal oxides, especially zinc, that are produced during welding or cutting of metal materials. Onset of MFF is rapid, occurring within a few hours after inhalation of the fumes. Symptoms include fever, chills, cough, dyspnea, headache, ...
Price Kristina M - - 2009
Tick infestation of ocular tissues is not common. Tick inoculation of the skin can locally lead to granuloma and abscess formation. More concerning, however, is the potential systemic sequelae that can result from transmission of zoonoses such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Ehrlichia, and tularemia. To avoid these ...
Murdoch William - - 2009
A 34-year-old man presented with a 5-day history of rapid onset weakness of the left wrist flexor muscles, associated with fever, sore throat, arthralgias, and myalgias. A literature review to answer the question, "What could cause focal muscle weakness, fever, and myalgias?" yielded several case reports describing initial presentations of ...
khan Fahmi Yousef - - 2009
A case of typhoidal acalculous cholecystitis is described in a 31-year-old Indian man, who was admitted with 4-day fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting. On examination, he looked ill, but was conscious and febrile with icteric sclera. The right upper quadrant of the abdomen was tender. Investigations showed high liver ...
Hanna Jeffrey N - - 2009
The dengue vector, the mosquito Aedes aegypti, is present in urban settings in north Queensland, thereby putting the region at risk of outbreaks of dengue. This review describes some features of the 9 outbreaks of dengue that occurred in north Queensland over the 4 years, 2005-2008.
Yang Bing-Heng - - 2009
Kodamaea (Pichia) ohmeri was formerly considered a contaminant, but is now known to be a significant human pathogen that has been shown to cause fungemia, endocarditis, funguria, and peritonitis in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of fungemia caused by K. ohmeri in a 71-year-old man with cellulitis. The patient ...
De Leonardis F - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an extremely rare example of opportunistic infection in patients treated with TNF-alpha antagonists and only a few cases have been described. In this paper risk factors, clinical features, diagnostic work-up and outcome of patients developing VL under biologic therapy are described. METHODS: Case report and ...
Telford Sam R SR 3rd Division of Infectious Diseases, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, USA. - - 2009
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) cases in the notorious Bitterroot Valley outbreak of the early 20th century were peculiarly distributed, with virtually all reported from the west side of the valley. Such a distribution remained unexplained until Burgdorfer and colleagues (1981) reported that endosymbiotic rickettsiae were prevalent in wood ticks ...
Borman P - - 2009
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessively-transmitted disease characterised by attacks of fever and serositis. Articular involvement is the second most common manifestation following abdominal pain. Patients with FMF are considered to have an increased risk of sacroiliitis, while the association of such abnormalities with FMF has not been ...
Langley Emily W - - 2010
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute multisystem vasculitis of unknown etiology that typically affects young children. KD presenting as a retropharyngeal inflammatory process is very rare. To report a case of KD initially presenting as a retropharyngeal edema mimicking a deep neck infection, and to review previously published reports in ...
Salih Salih Bin - - 2009
We report a case of fever of unknown origin in an immunocompetent patient as the first manifestation of primary central nervous lymphoma. To our knowledge this is the first reported case in the literature of this association. We recommend brain imaging to be considered in patients presenting with fever of ...
Tanir Gonul - - 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne viral zoonosis with the potential of human-to-human transmission that affects wide areas in Asia, Southeastern Europe, and Africa. Hemorrhagic manifestations constitute a prominent symptom of late stage disease with case fatality rates from 3 to 50%. We present a case of CCHF complicated ...
Kong Michael S - - 2009
With the introduction of vaccination for haemophilus influenza, the epidemiology of epiglottitis in children has changed. Classic childhood epiglottitis is now rare, and unusual forms of the disease may be seen. Nectrotizing epiglottitis is an extremely rare form of epiglottitis. Only four cases of nectrotizing epiglottitis have been previously reported, ...
Sumana M N - - 2009
Wuchereria bancrofti is found throughout tropics and subtropics like Asia, Pacific islands, Africa, areas of South America and Caribbean basin. In all these areas, except Pacific islands, microfilaria occurs in the periodic form, in which case the microfilaria are found in large numbers in the peripheral blood during night. In ...
Villa Aleida - - 2008
Trypanosoma theileri (Laveran, 1902) has been diagnosed in many countries and is commonly considered as a nonpathogenic hemoparasite, although some authors have described clinical signs in cattle infected with T. theileri. In April and May, 2005, 12 blood samples were received at the Exopol Diagnostic Laboratory (Zaragoza, Spain) from a ...
Valsalan Rohith - - 2008
Melioidosis is endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia, but it has been rarely reported from India. Recent reports have shown that melioidosis is an emerging infection in this part of the world, but enteric fever is more commonly seen in India. We present a 50-year-old male with diabetes who ...
Jansen Andreas - - 2008
The changing epidemiology of vector-borne diseases represents a growing threat to human health. Contemporary surveillance systems have to adapt to these changes. We describe temporal trends and geographic origins of vector-borne diseases in Germany with regard to strengths of existing disease surveillance and to areas marked for improvement. We focused ...
Neghina Raul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is the second most common parasitic disease after malaria. Imported cases of schistosomiasis are reported in nonendemic regions due to an increased number of travelers to affected geographical areas. The present case report aimed to emphasize the importance of a correct history of a patient, including information regarding ...
Yang Chin-Chao - - 2008
Septicemia of Vibrio spp. such as non-O1 Vibrio cholerae presented with diarrhea, fasciitis, cellulitis or otitis media are common in cirrhotic patients (Lin, C.-J., Chiu, C.-T., Lin, D.-Y., et al., Am. J. Gastroenterol., 91, 336-340, 1996). It may result from a lower C3/C4 level, a lower serum ferritin level or ...
Trabue Christopher H - - 2008
Human herpesvirus type 6 (HHV-6) has been well described as an agent of meningoencephalitis in post-haematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients, but is a rare cause of meningoencephalitis in immunocompetent adults. We report an immunocompetent adult with HHV-6-associated meningoencephalitis. The patient was an elderly diabetic man who presented with fever and ...
Hausmann Michael J - - 2009
This case report describes a patient with prolonged fever following a kidney biopsy. Workup disclosed a large perirenal and retroperitoneal hematoma. Neither imaging nor blood cultures supported an infective cause of his fever. Although the patient was initially treated with antibiotics, fever eventually resolved spontaneously. A review of the literature ...
Delsing C E - - 2008
Two outbreaks of Q fever were reported in the Netherlands in 2007 and 2008. The ongoing 2008 outbreak in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands is the largest community outbreak ever described, with 808 cases reported until August 2008. The changing epidemiology of Q fever is most likely related to ...
Pontali Emanuele - - 2008
Typhoid fever due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella typhi has been extensively reported. We present an imported case (from Bangladesh) of typhoid fever with typhoid hepatitis due to an MDR S typhi strain with clinically delayed response or reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone. The relevant clinical and public health implications are discussed.
Hsia Renee Yuen-Jan - - 2009
The presenting symptoms of meningococcemia are protean, and the illness is rapidly progressive and often fatal, making it simultaneously one of the most dangerous and most important illnesses the Emergency Physician can encounter. It attacks the young and it is highly contagious. This report uses one of the many unusual ...
Nilsson K - - 2009
The spotted fever rickettsia, Rickettsia helvetica, is mostly reported to present a flu-like self-limiting disease. In the present case, however, where the presence of R. helvetica in the blood was verified by PCR together with serologic evidence of infection, the patient presented a different clinical picture with acute febrile illness, ...
Schwartz Eli - - 2008
We examined seasonality and annual trends for dengue cases among 522 returned travelers reported to the international GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Dengue cases showed region-specific peaks for Southeast Asia (June, September), South Central Asia (October), South America (March), and the Caribbean (August, October). Travel-related dengue exhibited annual oscillations with several epidemics ...
Elias Abdallah F - - 2008
Typhoid fever is a systemic disease not endemic to South Dakota. We report a case of a young child, living in South Dakota since immigrating with his family as a refugee, who developed typhoid fever. Contact investigation failed to identify a source, suggesting that the infection was acquired abroad. The ...
Corral Dimas Mateos - - 2008
Burkholderia pseudomallei is a pathogen identified with increasing frequency in the respiratory tracts of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients from endemic areas such as Southeast Asia and northern Australia. The following report describes the first known reported case in a CF patient from the Caribbean attending a North American CF clinic.
Ganesan K - - 2008
Chikungunya, an alphavirus presenting with fever, rash, and polyarthritis, is derived from the Makonde word that means "that which bends up," in reference to the crippling manifestations of the disease. Most often it is a self-limiting febrile illness. Neurologic complications of Chikungunya infection have been reported. We are reporting the ...
Cashman Patrick - - 2008
Barmah Forest virus (BFV) is a commonly occurring arbovirus in Australia. Notifications of Barmah Forest infections diagnosed by a single positive IgM serology test have been increasing in coastal New South Wales north of Newcastle. We report on a 6 month prospective review of all routine notifications of BFV from ...
Li Iris W S - - 2008
A 37-year-old man was presented with incidental findings of neutropenia, atypical lymphocytosis, thrombocytopenia and deranged liver parenchymal enzymes. Four days later, he developed fever, sore throat and cervical lymphadenopathy, compatible with mononucleosis-like illness (MLI). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and viral culture of the nasopharyngeal swab showed human metapneumovirus (hMPV). There ...
Zachou Kalliopi - - 2008
Abstract Brucellosis is a known occupational hazard for shepherds, abattoir workers, veterinarians, dairy industry professionals and personnel in microbiological laboratories. Any organ may be affected by Brucella species but to date, severe manifestations in the pharynx have never been reported as the prevailing features of brucellosis. We report two cases ...
Schubach Armando - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epidemic sporotrichosis is rare and has been related to an environmental source of infection. There were no reports of epizootics before a cat-transmitted epidemic was reported in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In the present paper we review the data published on this epidemic. RECENT FINDINGS: From 1998 ...
Hill Jennifer R - - 2008
Xanthogranulomatous orchitis (XGO) is a rare histological finding that is generally diagnosed at orchiectomy. To date, fewer than 10 reports of XGO exist in the literature. The exact pathogenesis of XGO is unknown and patients may present with a rapid onset of symptoms or a longer, more indolent course. We ...
Mansueto Pasquale - - 2008
Despite the availability of all advanced diagnostic tools, fever of unknown origin (FUO) remains a diagnostic challenge for physicians. The objective was to define, through a retrospective study, the categories of the diseases of Sicilian patients admitted at the Department of Clinical Medicine and Emerging Diseases, University of Palermo, Italy, ...
Emch Michael - - 2008
The seasonality of cholera is described in various study areas throughout the world. However, no study examines how temporal cycles of the disease vary around the world or reviews its hypothesized causes. This paper reviews the literature on the seasonality of cholera and describes its temporal cycles by compiling and ...
Manfredi Roberto - - 2007
An exemplary case report of a patient who developed an unpredictable sudden, late-onset clozapine-related life-threatening agranulocytosis expressed by a nadir of 14 polymorphonuclear cells/microL, and subsequently underwent protective hospitalisation and broad spectrum, empiric antimicrobial therapy and also experienced serious intolerance to a number of administered antibiotic and antifungal agents, is ...
Lierl M - - 2007
The objective was to present a case of periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA), summarize the medical literature on PFAPA, review the differential diagnosis and suggest a diagnostic approach to periodic fevers in children. A PubMed search was conducted for all case reports and series of ...
Knockaert Daniel C - - 2007
Recurrent fever of unknown origin is mostly caused by rather rare diseases and many cases remain unexplained. The very limited literature data do not allow one to construct a diagnostic algorithm. A number of general principles should be kept in mind before starting the investigation for this rare subtype of ...
Makhija S S Division of Gastroenterology, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2007
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. The common presentation includes abdominal pain, abdominal cramping and diarrhea. Many patients may exhibit systemic symptoms of fever and weight loss. Approximately 20% to 40% of patients will experience extraintestinal manifestations that involve the eyes, ...
Theegarten Dirk - - 2008
Human brucellosis is a worldwide re-emerging zoonosis. However, its histological appearance has only been occasionally described. We report the case of a young girl who had been suffering from a spontaneous fracture of the eighth thoracic vertebra at the age of 7. At the age of 15, X-ray showed a ...
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