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Kong Michael S - - 2009
With the introduction of vaccination for haemophilus influenza, the epidemiology of epiglottitis in children has changed. Classic childhood epiglottitis is now rare, and unusual forms of the disease may be seen. Nectrotizing epiglottitis is an extremely rare form of epiglottitis. Only four cases of nectrotizing epiglottitis have been previously reported, ...
Sumana M N - - 2009
Wuchereria bancrofti is found throughout tropics and subtropics like Asia, Pacific islands, Africa, areas of South America and Caribbean basin. In all these areas, except Pacific islands, microfilaria occurs in the periodic form, in which case the microfilaria are found in large numbers in the peripheral blood during night. In ...
Villa Aleida - - 2008
Trypanosoma theileri (Laveran, 1902) has been diagnosed in many countries and is commonly considered as a nonpathogenic hemoparasite, although some authors have described clinical signs in cattle infected with T. theileri. In April and May, 2005, 12 blood samples were received at the Exopol Diagnostic Laboratory (Zaragoza, Spain) from a ...
Valsalan Rohith - - 2008
Melioidosis is endemic in Southeast Asia and northern Australia, but it has been rarely reported from India. Recent reports have shown that melioidosis is an emerging infection in this part of the world, but enteric fever is more commonly seen in India. We present a 50-year-old male with diabetes who ...
Jansen Andreas - - 2008
The changing epidemiology of vector-borne diseases represents a growing threat to human health. Contemporary surveillance systems have to adapt to these changes. We describe temporal trends and geographic origins of vector-borne diseases in Germany with regard to strengths of existing disease surveillance and to areas marked for improvement. We focused ...
Neghina Raul - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is the second most common parasitic disease after malaria. Imported cases of schistosomiasis are reported in nonendemic regions due to an increased number of travelers to affected geographical areas. The present case report aimed to emphasize the importance of a correct history of a patient, including information regarding ...
Yang Chin-Chao - - 2008
Septicemia of Vibrio spp. such as non-O1 Vibrio cholerae presented with diarrhea, fasciitis, cellulitis or otitis media are common in cirrhotic patients (Lin, C.-J., Chiu, C.-T., Lin, D.-Y., et al., Am. J. Gastroenterol., 91, 336-340, 1996). It may result from a lower C3/C4 level, a lower serum ferritin level or ...
Trabue Christopher H - - 2008
Human herpesvirus type 6 (HHV-6) has been well described as an agent of meningoencephalitis in post-haematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients, but is a rare cause of meningoencephalitis in immunocompetent adults. We report an immunocompetent adult with HHV-6-associated meningoencephalitis. The patient was an elderly diabetic man who presented with fever and ...
Hausmann Michael J - - 2009
This case report describes a patient with prolonged fever following a kidney biopsy. Workup disclosed a large perirenal and retroperitoneal hematoma. Neither imaging nor blood cultures supported an infective cause of his fever. Although the patient was initially treated with antibiotics, fever eventually resolved spontaneously. A review of the literature ...
Delsing C E - - 2008
Two outbreaks of Q fever were reported in the Netherlands in 2007 and 2008. The ongoing 2008 outbreak in the south-eastern part of the Netherlands is the largest community outbreak ever described, with 808 cases reported until August 2008. The changing epidemiology of Q fever is most likely related to ...
Pontali Emanuele - - 2008
Typhoid fever due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Salmonella typhi has been extensively reported. We present an imported case (from Bangladesh) of typhoid fever with typhoid hepatitis due to an MDR S typhi strain with clinically delayed response or reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone. The relevant clinical and public health implications are discussed.
Hsia Renee Yuen-Jan - - 2009
The presenting symptoms of meningococcemia are protean, and the illness is rapidly progressive and often fatal, making it simultaneously one of the most dangerous and most important illnesses the Emergency Physician can encounter. It attacks the young and it is highly contagious. This report uses one of the many unusual ...
Nilsson K - - 2009
The spotted fever rickettsia, Rickettsia helvetica, is mostly reported to present a flu-like self-limiting disease. In the present case, however, where the presence of R. helvetica in the blood was verified by PCR together with serologic evidence of infection, the patient presented a different clinical picture with acute febrile illness, ...
Schwartz Eli - - 2008
We examined seasonality and annual trends for dengue cases among 522 returned travelers reported to the international GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Dengue cases showed region-specific peaks for Southeast Asia (June, September), South Central Asia (October), South America (March), and the Caribbean (August, October). Travel-related dengue exhibited annual oscillations with several epidemics ...
Elias Abdallah F - - 2008
Typhoid fever is a systemic disease not endemic to South Dakota. We report a case of a young child, living in South Dakota since immigrating with his family as a refugee, who developed typhoid fever. Contact investigation failed to identify a source, suggesting that the infection was acquired abroad. The ...
Corral Dimas Mateos - - 2008
Burkholderia pseudomallei is a pathogen identified with increasing frequency in the respiratory tracts of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients from endemic areas such as Southeast Asia and northern Australia. The following report describes the first known reported case in a CF patient from the Caribbean attending a North American CF clinic.
Ganesan K - - 2008
Chikungunya, an alphavirus presenting with fever, rash, and polyarthritis, is derived from the Makonde word that means "that which bends up," in reference to the crippling manifestations of the disease. Most often it is a self-limiting febrile illness. Neurologic complications of Chikungunya infection have been reported. We are reporting the ...
Cashman Patrick - - 2008
Barmah Forest virus (BFV) is a commonly occurring arbovirus in Australia. Notifications of Barmah Forest infections diagnosed by a single positive IgM serology test have been increasing in coastal New South Wales north of Newcastle. We report on a 6 month prospective review of all routine notifications of BFV from ...
Li Iris W S - - 2008
A 37-year-old man was presented with incidental findings of neutropenia, atypical lymphocytosis, thrombocytopenia and deranged liver parenchymal enzymes. Four days later, he developed fever, sore throat and cervical lymphadenopathy, compatible with mononucleosis-like illness (MLI). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and viral culture of the nasopharyngeal swab showed human metapneumovirus (hMPV). There ...
Zachou Kalliopi - - 2008
Abstract Brucellosis is a known occupational hazard for shepherds, abattoir workers, veterinarians, dairy industry professionals and personnel in microbiological laboratories. Any organ may be affected by Brucella species but to date, severe manifestations in the pharynx have never been reported as the prevailing features of brucellosis. We report two cases ...
Schubach Armando - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epidemic sporotrichosis is rare and has been related to an environmental source of infection. There were no reports of epizootics before a cat-transmitted epidemic was reported in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In the present paper we review the data published on this epidemic. RECENT FINDINGS: From 1998 ...
Hill Jennifer R - - 2008
Xanthogranulomatous orchitis (XGO) is a rare histological finding that is generally diagnosed at orchiectomy. To date, fewer than 10 reports of XGO exist in the literature. The exact pathogenesis of XGO is unknown and patients may present with a rapid onset of symptoms or a longer, more indolent course. We ...
Mansueto Pasquale - - 2008
Despite the availability of all advanced diagnostic tools, fever of unknown origin (FUO) remains a diagnostic challenge for physicians. The objective was to define, through a retrospective study, the categories of the diseases of Sicilian patients admitted at the Department of Clinical Medicine and Emerging Diseases, University of Palermo, Italy, ...
Emch Michael - - 2008
The seasonality of cholera is described in various study areas throughout the world. However, no study examines how temporal cycles of the disease vary around the world or reviews its hypothesized causes. This paper reviews the literature on the seasonality of cholera and describes its temporal cycles by compiling and ...
Manfredi Roberto - - 2007
An exemplary case report of a patient who developed an unpredictable sudden, late-onset clozapine-related life-threatening agranulocytosis expressed by a nadir of 14 polymorphonuclear cells/microL, and subsequently underwent protective hospitalisation and broad spectrum, empiric antimicrobial therapy and also experienced serious intolerance to a number of administered antibiotic and antifungal agents, is ...
Lierl M - - 2007
The objective was to present a case of periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA), summarize the medical literature on PFAPA, review the differential diagnosis and suggest a diagnostic approach to periodic fevers in children. A PubMed search was conducted for all case reports and series of ...
Knockaert Daniel C - - 2007
Recurrent fever of unknown origin is mostly caused by rather rare diseases and many cases remain unexplained. The very limited literature data do not allow one to construct a diagnostic algorithm. A number of general principles should be kept in mind before starting the investigation for this rare subtype of ...
Makhija S S Division of Gastroenterology, University of Calgary, Calgary, - - 2007
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic relapsing and remitting inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. The common presentation includes abdominal pain, abdominal cramping and diarrhea. Many patients may exhibit systemic symptoms of fever and weight loss. Approximately 20% to 40% of patients will experience extraintestinal manifestations that involve the eyes, ...
Theegarten Dirk - - 2008
Human brucellosis is a worldwide re-emerging zoonosis. However, its histological appearance has only been occasionally described. We report the case of a young girl who had been suffering from a spontaneous fracture of the eighth thoracic vertebra at the age of 7. At the age of 15, X-ray showed a ...
- - 2007
Tickborne relapsing fever (TBRF) is a bacterial illness caused by certain species of Borrelia and transmitted through brief and painless bites from Ornithodoros ticks. Illness usually is characterized by intermittent periods of fever, fatigue, and muscle aches. In April 2005, CDC received reports of two cases of severe TBRF associated ...
Vorou Regina - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a tick-borne viral zoonosis with the potential of human-to-human transmission, affecting wide areas in Asia, Southeastern Europe, and Africa. Hemorrhagic manifestations constitute a prominent symptom of late stage disease with case fatality rates from 10% to 50%. The purpose of this article is ...
Kalayanarooj Siripen - - 2007
In response to a January 2005 report of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in Timor Leste, the World Health Organization sent a team to assist the National Hospital Guido Valadares (NHGV) in Dili with clinical case management and diagnostic support. The hospital reported 67 admissions including 8 deaths (case fatality rate ...
Cagatay Atahan - - 2007
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe disease with a case fatality of 2.8 to 80 %. A patient dwelling in an endemic region for CCHF was admitted with fever preceding bleeding diathesis and pancytopenia. Despite no history of tick exposure, CCHF was highly suspected. With an oral ribavirin therapy, ...
Raveendran R - - 2007
Neonatal enteric fever is a rare but life-threatening illness. Patients may present with varying severity, Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi causing more severe illness than Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi A. Salmonella enterica serotype Paratyphi A is considered to cause milder infection with fewer complications. We report a rare case of vertical ...
Sani Gabriele - - 2007
Fever (pyretotherapy) was used for psychosis during the turn of the 19th century, but pyretotherapy (ie, the treatment of a disorder by inducing fever) fell out of use after the introduction of convulsive methods. Here, we report on a case of schizoaffective disorder and review classical and recent literature on ...
Sañudo Alejandra - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mesotherapy is an increasingly used technique which is currently causing several mycobacterial infections owing to contaminated substances being injected, and also to poor aseptic measures being held by nonprofessional practitioners. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected 15 cases of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection after mesotherapy in a 6-month period. RESULTS: ...
Ralph Anna - - 2007
Q fever (infection with Coxiella burnetii) has been uncommon in Australia's Northern Territory, with no reported cases until 2002. Since then, twelve cases of Q fever have been reported, representing a much lower notification rate than in surrounding Australian states. Three cases were identified in Central Australia during 2006, prompting ...
Nguyen Dana R - - 2007
Overseas deployments place military personnel at risk for tropical diseases not typically observed on the U.S. mainland. This case describes the first reported case of brucellosis returning from Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. A 31-year-old infantry soldier complained of a 6-week history of headaches, relapsing fever, and constitutional ...
Glynn Fergal John - - 2007
Patients with infectious mononucleosis caused by the Epstein-Barr virus frequently present to the accident and emergency department. The most common presenting symptoms are fever, fatigue, odynophagia and malaise. Although significant airway compromise is rare and occurs in an estimated 1-3.5% of cases, it may present as a potentially life-threatening situation ...
Koliou Maria - - 2007
R. typhi is one of the rickettsial species endemic in the Mediterranean countries and is associated with the zoonotic infection of murine typhus, which may have a complicated course especially in adult patients. Murine typhus in pregnancy has rarely been reported in the medical literature. We describe a case of ...
Weiner Scott G - - 2007
Sydenham chorea (SC) is the neurological manifestation of rheumatic fever and is the most common acquired chorea in children. The disease presents as choreiform movements and behavioral changes after a streptoccocal throat infection. Although the incidence of SC has diminished because of aggressive antibiotic treatment, both isolated cases and epidemics ...
Oka Takakazu - - 2007
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Psychogenic fever is one of the most common psychosomatic diseases. Patients with psychogenic fever have acute or persistent body temperature above normal range in psychologically stressful situations. In spite of numerous case reports on psychogenic fever, there are few epidemiological studies. Therefore, our goal was to investigate the ...
Gozalan Aysegul - - 2007
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an arbovirus infection, which is transmitted through ticks or via blood and secretions. Until recently, human cases of CCHF were unknown in Turkey; however, several acute disease cases were reported in 2002. We report on the investigation of a cluster of suspected CCHF cases in ...
Sahin Mitat - - 2007
Tularemia, casued by Francisella tularensis, is a zoonotic disease presenting various clinical forms. In the present study, three outbreaks of tularemia occurred from January to March and September in 2004 (first and second) and January to March in 2005 (third) are reported from the north-eastern part of Turkey. All cases ...
Al-Obaid I - - 2006
A case of catheter-associated fungemia due to Exophiala oligosperma in a 3-year-old leukemic child is presented. The etiologic agent was isolated from blood specimens and the catheter tip. The isolate was identified by its morphological characteristics and DNA sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer region of rDNA. Despite initial amphotericin ...
Griffith David C - - 2006
The global temporal and spatial distribution of cholera is underappreciated, given the lack of surveillance in endemic areas and economic disincentives to report outbreaks. To judge the use of specific novel interventions such as vaccines or anti-secretory agents, we compiled a database and analyzed cholera reports from the Program for ...
Bangs Michael J - - 2006
An extensive outbreak of dengue fever and dengue hemorhagic fever occurred in the city of Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia from late 1997 through March/April 1998. All surveyed administrative areas (kelurahan) in Palembang were found to be 'permissive' for dengue virus transmission; and all areas that had Aedes (subgenus Stegomyia) larval ...
Angerami Rodrigo N - - 2006
Brazilian spotted fever (BSF) is the most important tick-borne disease in Brazil and is caused by Rickettsia rickettsii and transmitted by the Ixodid tick Amblyomma cajennense, its main vector. We present epidemiologic aspects of a case series of patients admitted to the Hospital das Clínicas da UNICAMP from 1985 to ...
Ciceroni Lorenzo - - 2006
Rickettsial diseases continue to be the cause of serious health problems in Italy. From 1998 to 2002, 4,604 clinical cases were reported, with 33 deaths in the period from 1998 to 2001. Almost all the cases reported in Italy are cases of Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF). Other rickettsioses that have ...
Montes M - - 2006
Overall 1,261 cases of Q fever were diagnosed between 1984 and 2004 in Gipuzkoa (Basque Country, Spain). Most (75.5%) of the cases ocurred in subjects 15-45 years of age. A total of 79.5% of the cases (n = 1003) ocurred between January and June. The annual incidence for acute Q ...
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