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Liao Yong - - 2013
To summarize the recent findings on the epidemiology of medically important, opportunistic invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in China and discuss the relevant social, economical reasons and medical factors. We performed a comprehensive search of both English and Chinese literatures of opportunistic IFIs from China up to April 2012. Relevant literatures ...
Wells Alice - - 2013
The New Caledonian endemic hydroptilid genus Caledonotrichia Sykora (Trichoptera) is reviewed and 6 new species are described: Caledonotrichia bifida, Caledonotrichia capensis, Caledonotrichia minuta, Caledonotrichia ouinnica, Caledonotrichia sykorai and Caledonotrichia vexilla. Together with the established species for which revised diagnoses are given, these raise to 11 the number of species known ...
Long Jian-Kun - - 2013
A new species of Eudeferunda Chen, Yang & Wilson, 1989 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Achilidae: Plectoderini), Eudeferunda alatea Long & Chen sp. n. from Hainan, China, is described and illustrated. The generic characters are modified, including the addition of male genitalia characters. A key to the species of the genus is provided.
Bladt Tanja Thorskov - - 2013
This review covers important anticancer and antifungal compounds reported from filamentous fungi and in particular from Aspergillus, Penicillium and Talaromyces. The taxonomy of these fungi is not trivial, so a focus of this review has been to report the correct identity of the producing organisms based on substantial previous in-house ...
Di Carlo Paola P Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care "G, D'Alessandro", University of Palermo, Via del Vespro 127, I- 90127 Palermo, Italy. - - 2013
Invasive mycoses are life-threatening opportunistic infections that have recently emerged as a cause of morbidity and mortality following general and gastrointestinal surgery.Candida species are the main fungal strains of gut flora. Gastrointestinal tract surgery might lead to mucosal disruption and cause Candida spp. to disseminate in the bloodstream.Here we report ...
Huang Min M Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management of Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; Email: - - 2013
The leafhopper genus Parafagocyba Kuoh et Hu, 1992 and Zorka Dworakowska, 1970 are reviewed. One new species of Parafagocyba is described and illustrated, Parafagocyba forficula n. sp., and Parafagocyba multimaculata Kuoh et Hu 1992 is transferred to the genus of Zorka Dworakowska, 1970. Two species of Zorka are also newly recorded from ...
Antinori Spinello - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, cerebrospinal fluid findings and outcome of Aspergillus meningitis, meningoencephalitis and arachnoiditis. METHODS: A case of Aspergillus meningitis is described. A comprehensive review of the English-language literature was conducted to identify all reported cases of Aspergillus meningitis described between January 1973 and December 2011. ...
Hsieh Tsung-Ting - - 2012
Cunninghamella bertholletiae is an unusual opportunistic pathogen belonging to the class Zygomycetes, order Mucorales, and the family Cunninghamellaceae. It has been identified with increased frequency in immunocompromised patients, especially those with hematological malignancy. Clinical infection by this fungus is almost always devastating. We report a fatal case of disseminated zygomycosis ...
Ozkaya-Parlakay Aslınur - - 2012
Geotrichum capitatum, formerly known as Trichosporon capitatum, is an uncommon but frequently fatal invasive fungal infection in immunocompromised patients, especially in hematological malignancies. We report a seven-year-old patient with acute myeloid leukemia with Geotrichum septicemia with involvement of the lungs, liver, spleen, and kidneys, who had a favorable outcome after ...
Beyda Nicholas D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Candida famata (also known as Debaryomyces hansenii and Torulopsis candida) is a commensal yeast found in cheese, dairy products and the environment. C. famata accounts for 0.2%-2% of invasive candidiasis. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the treatment of C. famata bloodstream infections. METHODS: ...
Tascini Carlo - - 2012
We report on the treatment with micafungin of a pacemaker-associated endocarditis due to Candida albicans. Antifungal therapy was able to reduce vegetation size from 5 to 1 cm making possible the transvenous removal of the device without a high risk of pulmonary embolism. Noteworthy, a high micafungin concentration was documented into ...
Fernández-Ruiz Mario - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Aspergillus tracheobronchitis (AT) is an infrequent but severe form of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in which the fungal infection is entirely or predominantly confined to the tracheobronchial tree. We reviewed 8 cases of AT diagnosed in our tertiary care center during an 18-year period, as well as 148 cases previously ...
Tamgadge Avinash P - - 2012
Aspergillosis of the nasal and paranasal sinuses is recognized as being second to candidiasis, among opportunistic fungal infections in immunocompromised patients. However, invasive variant in normal and mildly immunocompromised hosts is a very rare occurrence. We report one such case of aspergillosis involving paranasal sinuses in mildly immunocompromised patient.
Díez C - - 2012
This review presents some of the most noticeable aspects related with the oocyte cryopreservation procedures, emphasizing their evolution in the bovine, which points towards the critical points determining the reduced survival rates of female gametes to freezing and vitrification. Factors such as the maturation status, the cytoskeleton and membrane sensitivity, ...
Sethi Preeti - - 2012
Aspergillosis is a common opportunistic fungal infection affecting the nose and paranasal sinuses. The disease presents in various forms ranging from non-invasive to invasive, destructive and allergic types. We report here a rare case of invasive aspergillosis in an immunocompetent host with the literature review.
Verma Santwana - - 2012
Cases of chromoblastomycosis, although not uncommon, have rarely been reported in the literature from our region. These are usually misdiagnosed as cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis because we reside in an endemic region for this disease. We present herein patients with facial chromoblastomycosis. They were treated with long-term sodium stibogluconate, but ...
Straka Jakub - - 2012
The apid cuckoo bees of the Cape Verde Islands (Republic of Cape Verde) are reviewed and five species recognized, representing two genera. The ammobatine genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini), a specialized lineage of cleptoparasites of nomioidine bees is recorded for the first time. Chiasmognathus batelkaisp. n. is distinguished from mainland ...
Zhang Junhua - - 2012
Species of the shore-fly genus Rhynchopsilopa Hendel from China are reviewed. Four new species (Rhynchopsilopa guangdongensissp. n., Rhynchopsilopa huangkengensissp. n., Rhynchopsilopa jinxiuensissp. n., Rhynchopsilopa shixingensissp. n.) and two previously known species, Rhynchopsilopa longicornis (Okada) and Rhynchopsilopa magnicornis Hendel, are described or redescribed. A key to the species hitherto known from ...
Amaral-Lopes Selma S Medicine Faculty/Federal University of Bahia, Largo do Terreiro de Jesus S/N, Centro Histórico, Salvador, Bahia, - - 2012
Candida krusei has been recognised as a potentially multidrug resistant fungal pathogen due to its intrinsic fluconazole resistance and reports of decreased susceptibility to amphotericin B. Moreover, the medical literature provides only four articles that report on four cases of fungemia caused by C. krusei in newborns. The objective of ...
Kaya Selçuk S Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Karadeniz Technical University, School of Medicine, Trabzon 61080, - - 2012
This report describes a 46-year-old individual with normal immune status and a clinical course marked by headache and nausea-vomiting. He was diagnosed as having cryptococcal meningitis (CM) accompanying with cerebellitis. The interesting element was the observation of recurrent cerebellitis, never before reported in the literature for CM. He was successfully ...
Jhanji Vishal - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Calcific band keratopathy is a chronic degenerative condition characterized by the deposition of grayish to whitish opacities in the superficial layers of the cornea. It is usually associated with chronic ocular inflammatory conditions. Various treatment modalities have been used for the management of band keratopathy including mechanical ...
Ogassawara R - - 2011
Meniscal ossicles are an unusual finding and a rare cause for knee pain. They are often initially diagnosed as a loose body, chondrocalcinosis or meniscal calcification within the knee joint. Few cases have been reported in the literature. We present a case of a meniscal ossicle with an associated femoral ...
Queinnec S - - 2011
Periarticular calcific tendinopathy has been well described, but no retropharyngeal locations have been reported in the surgical orthopedic literature. This pathology is a diagnostic pitfall, leading to fruitless invasive examinations and treatment. The clinical aspect is misleading, but pathognomic imaging can establish diagnosis. We report a case of febrile postoperative ...
Antonopoulou Ileana I Department of Anaesthesia, Nottingham University Hospitals, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, - - 2011
We present a case in which phaeochromocytoma was not diagnosed preoperatively despite extensive investigation. There was significant haemodynamic instability during surgery. We review current diagnostic criteria with a view to reducing such a risk in future.
Tieng Arlene Tan - - 2011
While anatomical and physiological changes in the spleen are reported in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a complex autoimmune disease that can affect most organ systems, calcifications have not been described as a characteristic feature. We report 4 lupus patients with extensive splenic calcifications with no apparent cause except for their ...
Pugashetti Rupa - - 2011
Cutaneous calcification is an acquired disorder whereby insoluble, amorphous calcium salts deposit in the skin. Classically, cutaneous calcification is categorized as metastatic, dystrophic, idiopathic, or iatrogenic. The purpose of this study was to further elucidate the underlying pathogenic mechanism for cutaneous calcification. Three cases of cutaneous calcification, including clinical characteristics ...
Tezer Hasan - - 2011
Abstract In this article, a case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and visceral leishmaniasis coinfection in a 14-month-old girl is reported. The case has been evaluated according to two different points of view based on the coexistence of CCHF and visceral leishmaniasis and a strongly suggested horizontal transmission of CCHF ...
Zekanović Drazen - - 2010
We present a 70-year-old man from Dalmatia, Croatia, with a history of prolonged high fever diagnosed as Q fever endocarditis. As far as we know, this is the first case of chronic Q fever in Croatia. The treatment was started as for culture-negative endocarditis, but was without clinical response. After ...
Lindblom A - - 2010
Two patients with headache and pleocytosis were diagnosed with Rickettsia felis infection using a polymerase chain reaction of cerebrospinal fluid and serological testing. Sequencing of the amplified products showed that they were 99-100% homologous to R. felis. These cases add to our knowledge of the clinical manifestations, as well as ...
Ong Chong - - 2010
Optic neuritis (ON) is a rare association of Q fever. We report the first case of ON associated with Q fever in Australia and review all previously reported cases in the medical literature. The impact of therapy with antibiotics and steroids on outcome is discussed. Q fever should be considered ...
Miceli Marisa H - - 2010
Coxiella burnetii has recently gained military relevance given its potential as a bioterrorism agent, and the multiple cases reported among U.S. military personnel deployed to the Middle East. Sexual transmission of Q fever is rare but has been reported in the literature. We describe the possible sexual transmission of Q ...
Eckerle Isabella - - 2010
We report a typhoid-like illness with fever and altered consciousness in a 22-year-old man with growth of Salmonella enterica serovar Virchow in blood and stool culture. Bacteremia and invasive disease due to non-typhoid salmonellae (NTS) are known in severely immunocompromised patients, but so far have not been described in immunocompetent ...
Fraeyman A A Klinisch Laboratorium afdeling microbiologie, OLV Ziekenhuis, Aalst, Belgium. - - 2010
Chlamydophila psittaci is the causative agent of psittacosis or ornithosis. The disease is transmitted to men predominantly from birds. Most commonly noted symptoms are fever, headache and cough, but a number of other symptoms or complications may arise such as renal impairment, hepatitis or neurological symptoms. In this article 3 ...
Fujimura Takanori - - 2010
We report two cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with trisomy 8 who had periodic fever and erythema nodosum (EN). A 74-year-old man showed periodic fever and EN. A diagnosis of MDS with trisomy 8 was made, and he was successfully treated with prednisolone (PSL). A 71-year-old man presented with intermittent ...
Lin Shang-Yi - - 2010
Delayed and reversible hearing loss occurred in a 55-year-old male patient with murine typhus infection. The patient had the initial symptoms of headache, fever and chills, followed by the occurrence of bilateral hearing loss on day 9 from fever onset. Murine typhus was diagnosed with a high IgM titre by ...
Gentile Ivan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Drug-Induced Hypersensitivity Syndrome (DIHS) is a severe and rare systemic reaction triggered by a drug (usually an antiepileptic drug). We present a case of DISH and we review studies on the clinical features and treatment of DIHS, and on its pathogenesis in which two elements (Herpesvirus infection and the ...
Ezzat Rajan Fuad - - 2010
We describe a case of rare complication of typhoid fever in a seven-year-old child and review the literature with regard to other rare causes of bleeding per rectum. Dieulafoy's lesion is an uncommon but important cause of recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding. Dieulafoy's lesion located extragastrically is rare. We report a case ...
Beatty Mark E - - 2010
Dengue fever is a virus infection that is spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito and can cause severe disease especially in children. Dengue fever is a major problem in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. We invited dengue experts from around the world to attend meetings to discuss dengue ...
Ahsan Syed Atif - - 2009
Metal fume fever (MFF) is an important occupational-related illness resulting from inhalation of volatile metal oxides, especially zinc, that are produced during welding or cutting of metal materials. Onset of MFF is rapid, occurring within a few hours after inhalation of the fumes. Symptoms include fever, chills, cough, dyspnea, headache, ...
Price Kristina M - - 2009
Tick infestation of ocular tissues is not common. Tick inoculation of the skin can locally lead to granuloma and abscess formation. More concerning, however, is the potential systemic sequelae that can result from transmission of zoonoses such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Ehrlichia, and tularemia. To avoid these ...
Murdoch William - - 2009
A 34-year-old man presented with a 5-day history of rapid onset weakness of the left wrist flexor muscles, associated with fever, sore throat, arthralgias, and myalgias. A literature review to answer the question, "What could cause focal muscle weakness, fever, and myalgias?" yielded several case reports describing initial presentations of ...
khan Fahmi Yousef - - 2009
A case of typhoidal acalculous cholecystitis is described in a 31-year-old Indian man, who was admitted with 4-day fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea and vomiting. On examination, he looked ill, but was conscious and febrile with icteric sclera. The right upper quadrant of the abdomen was tender. Investigations showed high liver ...
Hanna Jeffrey N - - 2009
The dengue vector, the mosquito Aedes aegypti, is present in urban settings in north Queensland, thereby putting the region at risk of outbreaks of dengue. This review describes some features of the 9 outbreaks of dengue that occurred in north Queensland over the 4 years, 2005-2008.
Yang Bing-Heng - - 2009
Kodamaea (Pichia) ohmeri was formerly considered a contaminant, but is now known to be a significant human pathogen that has been shown to cause fungemia, endocarditis, funguria, and peritonitis in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of fungemia caused by K. ohmeri in a 71-year-old man with cellulitis. The patient ...
De Leonardis F - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an extremely rare example of opportunistic infection in patients treated with TNF-alpha antagonists and only a few cases have been described. In this paper risk factors, clinical features, diagnostic work-up and outcome of patients developing VL under biologic therapy are described. METHODS: Case report and ...
Telford Sam R SR - - 2009
Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) cases in the notorious Bitterroot Valley outbreak of the early 20th century were peculiarly distributed, with virtually all reported from the west side of the valley. Such a distribution remained unexplained until Burgdorfer and colleagues (1981) reported that endosymbiotic rickettsiae were prevalent in wood ticks ...
Borman P - - 2009
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessively-transmitted disease characterised by attacks of fever and serositis. Articular involvement is the second most common manifestation following abdominal pain. Patients with FMF are considered to have an increased risk of sacroiliitis, while the association of such abnormalities with FMF has not been ...
Langley Emily W - - 2010
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute multisystem vasculitis of unknown etiology that typically affects young children. KD presenting as a retropharyngeal inflammatory process is very rare. To report a case of KD initially presenting as a retropharyngeal edema mimicking a deep neck infection, and to review previously published reports in ...
Salih Salih Bin - - 2009
We report a case of fever of unknown origin in an immunocompetent patient as the first manifestation of primary central nervous lymphoma. To our knowledge this is the first reported case in the literature of this association. We recommend brain imaging to be considered in patients presenting with fever of ...
Tanir Gonul - - 2009
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne viral zoonosis with the potential of human-to-human transmission that affects wide areas in Asia, Southeastern Europe, and Africa. Hemorrhagic manifestations constitute a prominent symptom of late stage disease with case fatality rates from 3 to 50%. We present a case of CCHF complicated ...
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