Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 572
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Dutta Pinaki - - 2013
Fungal infections of foot in patients with diabetes are not uncommon; however, foot infection due to Fusarium species has been rarely reported. We report here a case of a 50-year-old male with type 2 diabetes who developed multiple spontaneous nodular lesions on right foot without any systemic symptoms and signs ...
Ballot Daynia E - - 2013
Background: Candida albicans is the predominant isolate in many neonatal fungal bloodstream infections (BSIs), so fluconazole is used as empiric antifungal therapy.Aim: To determine the predominant organisms, antifungal sensitivity patterns, clinical and demographic risk factors and crude mortality rate in neonatal fungal BSI cases.Subjects and Methods: This is a review ...
Molina-Leyva Alejandro - - 2013
Cryptococcus laurentii is an extremely rare human pathogen. We report a case of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis caused by Cryptococcus laurentii in an immunocompetent patient, an 8-year-old child with a solitary lesion on the forearm. It was impossible to determine the source of infection and no predisposing factors were found. Oral ...
Fennelly Andrea M - - 2013
Cerebral abscess caused by Candida spp. is a rare disease, with a nonspecific presentation, little data on treatment, and generally poor outcomes. We present a case of this type of Candida infection in a 57-year-old man with a history of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and intravenous drug abuse, and review the ...
Li Houmin - - 2013
Cutaneous mucormycosis is a rare opportunistic infection caused by zygomycetes that can be rapidly fatal if unrecognized. We describe the clinical, histopathological, fungal and molecular features of a case of gangrenous cutaneous mucormycosis. The patient presented with great necrosis on his right forearm at the site of detained intravenous cannula ...
Pan Nancy - - 2013
Skeletal infections secondary to Candida albicans are uncommon and described primarily in adults. Nearly all 22 pediatric cases of C. albicans osteomyelitis described to date have occurred in neonates with specific risk factors or in children with a severe immunodeficiency. We report an unusual presentation of C. albicans osteomyelitis and ...
Mittal N - - 2013
Objective: Laryngeal cryptococcosis is a rare condition. In this report, we describe the findings for and treatment of a 58-year-old man with Cryptococcus gattii infection of the right vocal fold. Method: Case report and review of the relevant English language literature. Results: The patient presented with persistent hoarseness of voice. ...
Inano Shojiro - - 2013
Fusarium spp. cause a broad spectrum of infection and are relatively resistant to most antifungal agents, leading to unfavorable prognosis, especially in immunocompromised patients. Several reports have shown synergism among amphotericin B, voriconazole (VRC), terbinafine (TRB), and other antifungal agents in vitro, but the most efficacious combination remains to be ...
Ganju S A - - 2013
Nasal polyposis is an inflammatory condition of mucous membrane of the nose and paranasal sinuses with unknown aetiology. Massive nasal polyps can obstruct the nasal cavity causing discomfort and lowered quality of life. Thus, aetiological diagnosis is important for treatment, especially in recurrent nasal polyposis. We present a rare case ...
Yang Biwei - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Histoplasmosis is a common opportunistic fungal infection that is observed almost exclusively in immunodeficient patients, especially those with AIDS. Immunocompetent individuals that suffer from histoplasmosis are rarely reported, especially those with disseminated lesions, such as disseminated histoplasmosis. The observation of disseminated histoplasmosis with prominent gastrointestinal involvement, no respiratory symptoms ...
Joshi Abhijit - - 2013
Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue, which may involve bone. The disease is caused by true fungi (eumycetoma) or filamentous bacteria (actinomycetoma). Both types of organism are important soil saprophytes, and therefore infection is normally acquired by traumatic inoculation of the skin by contaminated material. ...
Lozano-Alvarez Carlos - - 2013
SUMMARY:: Cervico-cephalic screw medialization is a rare complication after intertrochanteric fracture synthesis with a Gamma3® type intramedullary nail. Only 6 cases of intrapelvic penetration by Gamma 3® lag screw have been described. We now describe two additional cases and a review of the literature.
Ng James - - 2013
Abstract To present the first case of Aspergillus terreus endophthalmitis in a patient without previous ocular surgery or immunocompromised status with a review of literature.
Machouart M - - 2013
Fungi belonging to the genus Scytalidium are widespread around the world. Among them, two species are responsible for human superficial infections mimicking dermatophytosis: Neoscytalidium dimidiatum and Scytalidium hyalinum. Whereas these ascomycetous fungi are endemic in tropical or subtropical countries, both species have a different geographical distribution. Scytalidiosis represents approximately 40% ...
Chowdhary Anuradha - - 2013
Abstract Allergic bronchopulmonary mycosis (ABPM) is a hypersensitivity-mediated disease of worldwide distribution. We reviewed 143 reported global cases of ABPM due to fungi other than aspergilli. The commonest etiologic agent was Candida albicans, reported in 60% of the cases, followed by Bipolaris species (13%), Schizophyllum commune (11%), Curvularia species (8%), ...
Momen S E - - 2013
Nail involvement in sarcoidosis is rare, but its presence is often associated with chronic systemic disease. We have reviewed all 33 reported cases of nail involvement with sarcoidosis, including our own case. Nail changes in sarcoidosis, while rare, can include dystrophy (n = 10, 30%), onycholysis (n = 7, 21%), subungual hyperkeratosis (n = 7, 21%), ...
Saghrouni Fatma - - 2013
Purpureocillium lilacinum is a saprophytic fungus found in soil and decaying organic matter, but has been reported as an emerging pathogen in immunocompromised patients and following surgical procedures. Infections caused by this mold are often difficult to treat because of its intrinsic resistance to conventional antifungal agents and variable susceptibility ...
Wang Le - - 2013
We report a case of mucocutaneous phaeohyphomycosis caused by Exophiala spinifera. Crusty plaques and nodules were major clinical features. Histological examination revealed brown yeast-like cells and hyphae. Mycological and molecular data identified E. spinifera as etiologic agent. Oral itraconazole was effective, which was in accordance with the results of in ...
Khasawneh Faisal A - - 2013
Histoplasmosis is a common endemic mycosis. The majority of infections involving this dimorphic fungus are asymptomatic. Manifestations in symptomatic patients are diverse, ranging from flu-like illness to a more serious disseminated disease. We present here a case of chronic disseminated histoplasmosis mimicking a metastatic cancer. We reviewed the literature for ...
Jain Deepali - - 2013
Cryptococcus, an opportunistic yeast, known to afflict immune-compromised patients is often overlooked in immune-competent patients. This has led to increasing morbidity and mortality worldwide. We present a case of Cryptococcus causing sternal osteomyelitis in an immune-competent individual. Till date no case of Cryptococcus causing sternal osteomyelitis in an immune-competent patient ...
Liao Yong - - 2013
To summarize the recent findings on the epidemiology of medically important, opportunistic invasive fungal infections (IFIs) in China and discuss the relevant social, economical reasons and medical factors. We performed a comprehensive search of both English and Chinese literatures of opportunistic IFIs from China up to April 2012. Relevant literatures ...
Wells Alice - - 2013
The New Caledonian endemic hydroptilid genus Caledonotrichia Sykora (Trichoptera) is reviewed and 6 new species are described: Caledonotrichia bifida, Caledonotrichia capensis, Caledonotrichia minuta, Caledonotrichia ouinnica, Caledonotrichia sykorai and Caledonotrichia vexilla. Together with the established species for which revised diagnoses are given, these raise to 11 the number of species known ...
Long Jian-Kun - - 2013
A new species of Eudeferunda Chen, Yang & Wilson, 1989 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Achilidae: Plectoderini), Eudeferunda alatea Long & Chen sp. n. from Hainan, China, is described and illustrated. The generic characters are modified, including the addition of male genitalia characters. A key to the species of the genus is provided.
Bladt Tanja Thorskov - - 2013
This review covers important anticancer and antifungal compounds reported from filamentous fungi and in particular from Aspergillus, Penicillium and Talaromyces. The taxonomy of these fungi is not trivial, so a focus of this review has been to report the correct identity of the producing organisms based on substantial previous in-house ...
Di Carlo Paola P Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care "G, D'Alessandro", University of Palermo, Via del Vespro 127, I- 90127 Palermo, Italy. - - 2013
Invasive mycoses are life-threatening opportunistic infections that have recently emerged as a cause of morbidity and mortality following general and gastrointestinal surgery.Candida species are the main fungal strains of gut flora. Gastrointestinal tract surgery might lead to mucosal disruption and cause Candida spp. to disseminate in the bloodstream.Here we report ...
Huang Min M Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources and Pest Management of Ministry of Education, Entomological Museum, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China; Email: - - 2013
The leafhopper genus Parafagocyba Kuoh et Hu, 1992 and Zorka Dworakowska, 1970 are reviewed. One new species of Parafagocyba is described and illustrated, Parafagocyba forficula n. sp., and Parafagocyba multimaculata Kuoh et Hu 1992 is transferred to the genus of Zorka Dworakowska, 1970. Two species of Zorka are also newly recorded from ...
Antinori Spinello - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, cerebrospinal fluid findings and outcome of Aspergillus meningitis, meningoencephalitis and arachnoiditis. METHODS: A case of Aspergillus meningitis is described. A comprehensive review of the English-language literature was conducted to identify all reported cases of Aspergillus meningitis described between January 1973 and December 2011. ...
Hsieh Tsung-Ting - - 2012
Cunninghamella bertholletiae is an unusual opportunistic pathogen belonging to the class Zygomycetes, order Mucorales, and the family Cunninghamellaceae. It has been identified with increased frequency in immunocompromised patients, especially those with hematological malignancy. Clinical infection by this fungus is almost always devastating. We report a fatal case of disseminated zygomycosis ...
Ozkaya-Parlakay Aslınur - - 2012
Geotrichum capitatum, formerly known as Trichosporon capitatum, is an uncommon but frequently fatal invasive fungal infection in immunocompromised patients, especially in hematological malignancies. We report a seven-year-old patient with acute myeloid leukemia with Geotrichum septicemia with involvement of the lungs, liver, spleen, and kidneys, who had a favorable outcome after ...
Beyda Nicholas D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Candida famata (also known as Debaryomyces hansenii and Torulopsis candida) is a commensal yeast found in cheese, dairy products and the environment. C. famata accounts for 0.2%-2% of invasive candidiasis. The purpose of this study was to provide an overview of the treatment of C. famata bloodstream infections. METHODS: ...
Tascini Carlo - - 2012
We report on the treatment with micafungin of a pacemaker-associated endocarditis due to Candida albicans. Antifungal therapy was able to reduce vegetation size from 5 to 1 cm making possible the transvenous removal of the device without a high risk of pulmonary embolism. Noteworthy, a high micafungin concentration was documented into ...
Fernández-Ruiz Mario - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Aspergillus tracheobronchitis (AT) is an infrequent but severe form of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in which the fungal infection is entirely or predominantly confined to the tracheobronchial tree. We reviewed 8 cases of AT diagnosed in our tertiary care center during an 18-year period, as well as 148 cases previously ...
Tamgadge Avinash P - - 2012
Aspergillosis of the nasal and paranasal sinuses is recognized as being second to candidiasis, among opportunistic fungal infections in immunocompromised patients. However, invasive variant in normal and mildly immunocompromised hosts is a very rare occurrence. We report one such case of aspergillosis involving paranasal sinuses in mildly immunocompromised patient.
Díez C - - 2012
This review presents some of the most noticeable aspects related with the oocyte cryopreservation procedures, emphasizing their evolution in the bovine, which points towards the critical points determining the reduced survival rates of female gametes to freezing and vitrification. Factors such as the maturation status, the cytoskeleton and membrane sensitivity, ...
Sethi Preeti - - 2012
Aspergillosis is a common opportunistic fungal infection affecting the nose and paranasal sinuses. The disease presents in various forms ranging from non-invasive to invasive, destructive and allergic types. We report here a rare case of invasive aspergillosis in an immunocompetent host with the literature review.
Verma Santwana - - 2012
Cases of chromoblastomycosis, although not uncommon, have rarely been reported in the literature from our region. These are usually misdiagnosed as cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis because we reside in an endemic region for this disease. We present herein patients with facial chromoblastomycosis. They were treated with long-term sodium stibogluconate, but ...
Straka Jakub - - 2012
The apid cuckoo bees of the Cape Verde Islands (Republic of Cape Verde) are reviewed and five species recognized, representing two genera. The ammobatine genus Chiasmognathus Engel (Nomadinae: Ammobatini), a specialized lineage of cleptoparasites of nomioidine bees is recorded for the first time. Chiasmognathus batelkaisp. n. is distinguished from mainland ...
Zhang Junhua - - 2012
Species of the shore-fly genus Rhynchopsilopa Hendel from China are reviewed. Four new species (Rhynchopsilopa guangdongensissp. n., Rhynchopsilopa huangkengensissp. n., Rhynchopsilopa jinxiuensissp. n., Rhynchopsilopa shixingensissp. n.) and two previously known species, Rhynchopsilopa longicornis (Okada) and Rhynchopsilopa magnicornis Hendel, are described or redescribed. A key to the species hitherto known from ...
Amaral-Lopes Selma S Medicine Faculty/Federal University of Bahia, Largo do Terreiro de Jesus S/N, Centro Histórico, Salvador, Bahia, - - 2012
Candida krusei has been recognised as a potentially multidrug resistant fungal pathogen due to its intrinsic fluconazole resistance and reports of decreased susceptibility to amphotericin B. Moreover, the medical literature provides only four articles that report on four cases of fungemia caused by C. krusei in newborns. The objective of ...
Kaya Selçuk S Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Karadeniz Technical University, School of Medicine, Trabzon 61080, - - 2012
This report describes a 46-year-old individual with normal immune status and a clinical course marked by headache and nausea-vomiting. He was diagnosed as having cryptococcal meningitis (CM) accompanying with cerebellitis. The interesting element was the observation of recurrent cerebellitis, never before reported in the literature for CM. He was successfully ...
Jhanji Vishal - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Calcific band keratopathy is a chronic degenerative condition characterized by the deposition of grayish to whitish opacities in the superficial layers of the cornea. It is usually associated with chronic ocular inflammatory conditions. Various treatment modalities have been used for the management of band keratopathy including mechanical ...
Ogassawara R - - 2011
Meniscal ossicles are an unusual finding and a rare cause for knee pain. They are often initially diagnosed as a loose body, chondrocalcinosis or meniscal calcification within the knee joint. Few cases have been reported in the literature. We present a case of a meniscal ossicle with an associated femoral ...
Queinnec S - - 2011
Periarticular calcific tendinopathy has been well described, but no retropharyngeal locations have been reported in the surgical orthopedic literature. This pathology is a diagnostic pitfall, leading to fruitless invasive examinations and treatment. The clinical aspect is misleading, but pathognomic imaging can establish diagnosis. We report a case of febrile postoperative ...
Antonopoulou Ileana I Department of Anaesthesia, Nottingham University Hospitals, Hucknall Road, Nottingham NG5 1PB, - - 2011
We present a case in which phaeochromocytoma was not diagnosed preoperatively despite extensive investigation. There was significant haemodynamic instability during surgery. We review current diagnostic criteria with a view to reducing such a risk in future.
Tieng Arlene Tan - - 2011
While anatomical and physiological changes in the spleen are reported in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a complex autoimmune disease that can affect most organ systems, calcifications have not been described as a characteristic feature. We report 4 lupus patients with extensive splenic calcifications with no apparent cause except for their ...
Pugashetti Rupa - - 2011
Cutaneous calcification is an acquired disorder whereby insoluble, amorphous calcium salts deposit in the skin. Classically, cutaneous calcification is categorized as metastatic, dystrophic, idiopathic, or iatrogenic. The purpose of this study was to further elucidate the underlying pathogenic mechanism for cutaneous calcification. Three cases of cutaneous calcification, including clinical characteristics ...
Tezer Hasan - - 2011
Abstract In this article, a case of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and visceral leishmaniasis coinfection in a 14-month-old girl is reported. The case has been evaluated according to two different points of view based on the coexistence of CCHF and visceral leishmaniasis and a strongly suggested horizontal transmission of CCHF ...
Zekanović Drazen - - 2010
We present a 70-year-old man from Dalmatia, Croatia, with a history of prolonged high fever diagnosed as Q fever endocarditis. As far as we know, this is the first case of chronic Q fever in Croatia. The treatment was started as for culture-negative endocarditis, but was without clinical response. After ...
Lindblom A - - 2010
Two patients with headache and pleocytosis were diagnosed with Rickettsia felis infection using a polymerase chain reaction of cerebrospinal fluid and serological testing. Sequencing of the amplified products showed that they were 99-100% homologous to R. felis. These cases add to our knowledge of the clinical manifestations, as well as ...
Ong Chong - - 2010
Optic neuritis (ON) is a rare association of Q fever. We report the first case of ON associated with Q fever in Australia and review all previously reported cases in the medical literature. The impact of therapy with antibiotics and steroids on outcome is discussed. Q fever should be considered ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >