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Gaertner Erich M EM SaraPath Diagnostics, 2001 Webber St, Sarasota, FL 34239, USA. - - 2014
Levamisole is a veterinary anthelmintic drug with immunomodulatory properties in humans. It has become increasingly common as a contaminant in cocaine and is now detected in the majority of cocaine seized in the United States. A variety of adverse reactions have been reported in association with levamisole, the most severe ...
Plush Theodore - - 2013
Cocaine use continues to be a major public health problem in the United States. Although many of the initial signs and symptoms of cocaine intoxication result from increased stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, this condition can present as a spectrum of acuity from hypertension and tachycardia to multiorgan system ...
Allard Felicia D - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To report a case of dacryocystitis secondary to intranasal cocaine abuse and to review the literature on the effects of cocaine on sinus, nasal and lacrimal structures. Methods: Case report and literature review. Results: A 33-year-old male presented with unilateral epiphora and discharge, and clinical examination was consistent ...
Alfaro Rodrigo R Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, - - 2013
Background: Acute tubular necrosis and pigment induced kidney injury are well described consequences of cocaine abuse. However, acute interstitial nephritis associated with cocaine use has been previously reported in only three patients. Case presentation: We present the case of a 49-year-old man who developed acute kidney injury from biopsy-proven interstitial ...
Riss P J - - 2013
Radiolabelling of cocaine-derived 3-phenyltropanes for dopamine transporter positron emission tomography with (18) F and (11) C is reviewed. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Khan Fahd - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Cocaine abuse is associated with a number of medical complications, most notably arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, and cerebral hemorrhages. The injection of cocaine in the penis has been predominantly recorded into the corpus cavernosae and is associated with priapism. AIM: Here we describe the injection of subcutaneous cocaine within the ...
Rietkerk William - - 2013
We report a case of cocaine-induced small vessel vasculitis in a 51-year-old woman. We postulate that levamisole, an adulterant of cocaine, likely is the cause of this increase in cocaine-induced vasculitis. Based on a literature review, we suggest some helpful tests to differentiate cocaine-induced vasculitis from true autoimmune vasculitis in ...
Azar Faris - - 2013
Splenic hematoma or rupture of the spleen is rare in the absence of trauma. This case report with a brief review of the literature is intended to raise awareness of splenic bleeding as an etiology of abdominal pain; it highlights the importance of a detailed social history. This report of ...
Ajmera Akash V - - 2012
Pancreatic pseudocyst is a common complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. Extension of a pancreatic pseudocyst into the mediastinum is rare. We present a case of a 43-year-old male with a history of pancreatitis, who presented with dysphagia and was found to have a pancreatic pseudocyst. The pseudocyst was extending ...
Robert Pierre-Emmanuel - - 2012
Metastases to the pancreas gland are uncommon, especially from leiomyosarcoma. We report a case of asymptomatic pancreatic metastasis resection of leiomyosarcoma. A 59-year-old patient was treated for thighbone leiomyosarcoma, with surgical resection and adjuvant radiotherapy. After 4 years of follow-up, although that patient was asymptomatic, a pancreatic metastasis was identified ...
Rashid Farhan - - 2012
The gastric fundal diverticulae are rare. They can present with variable symptoms. We are enclosing a literature review on gastric fundal diverticulum. Lessons have emerged which may help in the management of this rare condition in future.
Volders José - - 2012
Although rare, central and peripheral neurological manifestations after single or multiple wasp stings have been reported. The authors describe a 45-year-old man who developed periods of sudden loss of consciousness with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 6 after being stung by fifty wasps. These periods were seen directly after being ...
Euanorasetr Chakrapan - - 2011
Gastric Schwannoma represent only 0.2% of all gastric tumors and 4% of all benign gastric neoplasms. They are usually asymptomatic but can present with variable symptoms. The authors report a case of a 29-year-old male patient who presented with fever and abdominal pain with epigastric mass. Pre-operative diagnosis was gastric ...
Razdan Rishi - - 2011
Duodenal diverticulitis has been considered a rare entity. The diagnosis with computed tomography has become a fast and noninvasive means of detection and guide to management. Cases of surgically resected duodenal diverticula reforming and reinfecting are rarer yet, often presenting with similar symptoms. Duodenal diverticulitis can present with a wide ...
Huang Yong-Heng - - 2011
We report a rare case of duodenal pseudolymphoma without any symptoms. The lesion located in front of the head of the pancreas was found accidentally during a medical examination. The findings of computed tomography and positron emission tomography-computed tomography suggested a stromal tumor or malignant lymphoma. Surgical resection was performed. ...
Chaudrey Khadija H - - 2011
Gastroparesis is a disorder characterized by a delay in gastric emptying of a meal in the absence of a mechanical gastric outlet obstruction. The most common etiologies include diabetes, postsurgical and idiopathic. Idiopathic Gastroparesis is at least as common as diabetic Gastroparesis in most case series. Diagnosis of Gastroparesis is ...
Latar N H M - - 2011
Haemorrhage arising from gastric arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is rare and normally occurs in the elderly. Bleeding gastric AVM presenting in the younger age group is even rarer. We report a case of a 14 year old boy who presented with recurrent episodes of haematemesis. He subsequently underwent a proximal gastrectomy ...
Manzelli Antonio - - 2011
Groove pancreatitis is a rare condition characterized by fibrotic inflammation affecting the groove anatomical area between the head of the pancreas, the duodenum and the common bile duct. We report a miniseries of five cases treated surgically in our centre over a period of four years. A review of the ...
Rittenhouse David W - - 2011
Dorsal agenesis of the pancreas (DAP) is a rare congenital anomaly, with only 44 cases having been reported in the English literature since 1966. A retrospective review of our IRB-approved pancreatic surgery database was performed from November 2005 to November 2010 searching for cases of DAP. Disorders in the retinoic ...
Bayraktar Yusuf - - 2011
Non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (PHT) accounts for about 20% of all PHT cases, portal vein thrombosis (PVT) resulting in cavernous transformation being the most common cause. All known complications of PHT may be encountered in patients with chronic PVT. However, the effect of this entity on the biliary tree and pancreatic ...
Rizwan Mian Muhammad - - 2011
Pancreatitis in the elderly is a problem of increasing occurrence and is associated with severe complications. Periampullary diverticula (PAD) are extraluminal outpouchings of the duodenum rarely associated with pancreatitis. The presence of PAD should be excluded before diagnosing idiopathic pancreatitis, particularly in the elderly. However, when a duodenal diverticulum is ...
Chawla Saurabh - - 2011
Vasculitis is a known cause of pancreatitis and other gastrointestinal symptoms; however, most of these patients have medium vessel vasculitis like polyarteritis nodosa and often there are other associated conditions like hepatitis B or clinical manifestations that suggest the diagnosis. Wegener's granulomatosis is predominantly a reno-pulmonary disorder, rarely having gastrointestinal ...
Li Xin-Ping - - 2011
Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is an extramedullary tumor mass consisting of immature myeloid cells. Isolated pancreatic granulocyte sarcoma is extremely rare. We report a very unusual pancreatic granulocytic sarcoma in a patient without acute myeloid leukemia. The patient presented with acute epigastric pain because of splenic infarction due to a mass ...
Loos Martin - - 2011
We present the case of a 67-year-old woman who developed a metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreatobiliary system shortly after the histologically confirmed diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). This case highlights the need for increased alertness not only in differentiating AIP from pancreatic cancer at the time of diagnosis, but also ...
Mannion Melissa - - 2011
Autoimmune pancreatitis is frequently associated with elevated serum and tissue IgG4 levels in the adult population, but there are few reports of pediatric autoimmune pancreatitis, and even fewer reports of IgG4 related systemic disease in a pediatric population. The standard of care treatment in adults is systemic corticosteroids with resolution ...
Naganuma Seiji - - 2011
Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) of the pancreas is characterized by mucin-producing columnar epithelium and an ovarian-type stroma. It occurs almost exclusively in women and is almost always located in the pancreatic body or tail. Here, we report a case of large MCN located in the pancreatic head but not in ...
Maor-Sagie Esther - - 2010
Pilonidal disease is common among adolescents and adults, mainly located in the sacral area. Pilonidal disease involving the clitoris is extremely rare and has not been described in premenarcheal girls. We present a case of a recurrent pilonidal periclitoral cyst in an 8-year-old girl which was surgically treated.
Resende Renata Gonçalves - - 2011
The peripheral calcifying odontogenic cyst (PCOC) accounts for less than 25% of the cases of calcifying odontogenic cysts and most commonly appears as a nodule on the gingiva. This paper aims to present both a case report of a PCOC located in the left vestibular maxilla as well as a ...
Eloqayli Haytham - - 2010
The authors report a case of 4-year-old boy with primary spinal extradural hydatid cyst of the thoracic spine. The location is extremely rare. However, the case is unique because the patient is the youngest reported in the English language medical literature. Surgical excision is the gold standard therapy.
Brice A - - 2010
Two cases of patients in whom neuraxial anesthesia was planned for labor and delivery and who had a pre-existing intracranial arachnoid cyst are reported. Anesthesia was used in one patient and was uneventful. The pathophysiology of these cysts and factors which can precipitate the occurrence of symptoms, are reviewed and ...
Willis-Owen Charles A - - 2010
Symptomatic ganglion cysts of the cruciate ligaments are rare, and bilateral cases are extremely rare, with only one reported case in the literature. We report a case of bilateral cruciate ligament ganglion cysts successfully treated with arthroscopic resection, and review the literature regarding aetiology, diagnosis and management.
Luna Darling Valverde - - 2010
Liesegang rings (LRs) are laminated precipitation structures well recognized in the field of chemistry. I present a rare case of a 53-year-old female who consulted for pelvic pain and abnormal uterine bleeding. The pelvic ultrasound revealed intramural and submucous uterine leiomyomas, and she underwent hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Gross examination ...
Laviv Yosef - - 2010
Arachnoid cysts are developmental anomalies that represent 1% of all intracranial space occupying lesions. Treatment of symptomatic cases may include shunting of the cyst or an open fenestration of it, among other less acceptable surgical procedures. Each procedure has its own pros and cons. We present a case of the ...
Aydin Sabri - - 2010
Discal cysts are rare causes of low back pain and radiculopathy. Only few reports in the literature describe these pathologies. In this article, the authors report five cases (3 males and 2 females) of lumbar discal cysts treated surgically by microdiscectomy. These patients were admitted with a history of back ...
Hiller Andrew D - - 2010
Acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) cysts are an uncommon and unusual sequela associated with shoulder pathophysiology. The majority of literature on ACJ cysts consists of individual case reports with no definitive literature review currently available. In addition to a comprehensive literature review, four clinical cases are presented in this report. First described ...
- - 2010
We are sorry that we have to retract the following articles due to significant plagiarism by authors. Archives of Iranian Medicine is a member of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and is devoted to its guidelines and principles. Hereby we apologize for the inconvenience to the readers. --Ameloblastomatous calcifying odontogenic ...
Neelapala Venkata S S - - 2010
A case of a large recurrent hydatid cyst involving the right ilium and right hip treated with excision of the cyst, Total hip replacement and revision of the acetabular component with a Tripolar articulation for cyst recurrence and acetabular component loosening is presented along with a review of the relevant ...
Schütte Kerstin - - 2010
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) are a rare cause of echo-poor pancreatic head enlargement. Histologically, IMTs are characterized by spindle-shaped myofibroblasts or fibroblasts accompanied by a mixed immune cell infiltration. The most common localizations of IMTs have been reported in lung, mesentery and omentum, especially in children and young adults. IMTs ...
Koike Jun - - 2010
Submucosal hematoma of the esophagus is a rare disorder. We encountered a 70-year-old woman with an extremely large submucosal hematoma of the esophagus that extended from the cervical esophagus to the gastric angle. It was likely that her hematoma was caused by accidental ingestion of a fish bone, and her ...
Ramesh Rakesh S - - 2010
Ameloblastoma is a true neoplasm of odontogenic epithelial origin. It is the second most common odontogenic neoplasm, and only odontoma outnumbers it in reported frequency of occurrence. Its incidence, combined with its clinical behavior, makes ameloblastoma the most significant odontogenic neoplasm. Unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) refers to those cystic lesions that ...
Douzenis Athanassios - - 2010
Malformations of the cerebral cortex are often associated with developmental delay and psychoses. Porencephaly is a rare congenital disorder of central nervous system involving a cyst or a cavity filled with cerebrospinal fluid, in brain's parenchyma. We present a 25 years old woman with her first psychotic episode. She also ...
Mortman Keith D - - 2009
Thoracic duct cysts of the mediastinum are rare. This case report describes a 68-year-old woman who was successfully treated with surgical resection. The clinical and radiographic presentation and pathology are discussed, and the pertinent literature is reviewed.
Ziu Mateo - - 2010
Intramedullary neurenteric cysts (NEC) without associated malformations are extremely rare and, to our knowledge, have never been reported in association with calcification. We report a unique imaging presentation as a partially calcified mass of an isolated intramedullary neuroenteric cyst of the lower thoracic spinal cord with pathologic correlation. The literature ...
Iwai A - - 2009
We report a rare case of choledochal cyst (CC) associated with congenital duodenal atresia (DA) and annular pancreas (AP). A girl was born at 37 weeks of gestation weighing 2,974 g with a prenatal diagnosis of DA. She underwent a duodenoduodenostomy for type III DA with an AP 1 day ...
Srinivasan U S - - 2009
Anterior cervical location of arachnoid cyst is a rare and only 22 cases have been reported in the literature. The surgical approach was quite varied and mostly these cysts were accessed via dorsal laminectomy, with few patients developing postoperative neurological deficit. We report a 51-year-old male with a cervical arachnoid ...
Singleton William G B - - 2010
We present a rare and interesting case of a cerebellopontine angle cyst containing ectopic choroid plexus tissue in a 26 year-old female. Surgical resection was performed, and histological examination confirmed the presence of choroid plexus in the cyst wall. This is the first reported case of ectopic choroid plexus at ...
Papadogeorgakis Nick - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Dermoid cysts of the floor of the mouth and submandibular space represent an unusual clinical entity. CASE REPORT: A case of an enlarged median dermoid cyst in a young female adult causing obstruction of the airway is reported. DISCUSSION: The need of an extraoral and intraoral incision for the ...
Vure Srinivas - - 2009
Congenital midline cervical cleft (CMCC) is an uncommon malformation. We report a case of a baby girl aged 3 days with a CMCC associated with a cyst reported as a bronchogenic cyst (BC). The pathology is not specific. The association of BC and CMCC is extremely rare and only five ...
Costa Francesco - - 2010
Synovial cysts, typically observed in the lumbar spine eventually associated with degenerative changes of the facet joints, only rarely present in the cervical spine. Up to now, only 28 symptomatic cases are described in literature. Typically, the treatment of these cases is a decompressive laminectomy followed by complete surgical removal ...
Ranjan Rakesh - - 2009
Spinal intradural extramedullary ependymal cyst is a very rare entity with only few cases reported in the literature. Its association with congenital dermal sinus has not been described so far. We present a unique report of a 3-year-old male child who presented with spastic quadriparesis with a trophic ulcer in ...
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