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Results 401 - 450 of 769
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Darke S - - 2000
AIMS: To document cases of fatal heroin overdose in New South Wales by non-injecting routes of administration, and to compare the characteristics and toxicology of these cases with injecting fatalities. DESIGN: Examination of coronial files. SETTING: New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: All fatal heroin overdose cases in NSW between 1992 ...
Byard R W - - 2000
The diagnosis of autoerotic death is most often made when there has been accidental asphyxia from ropes or ligatures used by the deceased as a part of his or her autoerotic ritual. Three cases of probable autoerotic death are reported in which the mechanisms of death involved hyperthermia, sepsis, and ...
Thogmartin J R - - 2000
Scene investigation is of paramount importance in forensic pathology. Many medical and coroner systems wisely and routinely evaluate the scene in homicides but do not routinely investigate traffic fatality scenes. This case originally was thought to be a pedestrian-automobile event, but, due to proper and prompt scene investigation, it was ...
Marc B - - 2000
Three cases of suicide by electrocution with low-voltage current were observed in five years (1994-1998) by medical clinical forensic examiners of an Emergency Forensic Unit of the Paris suburb among 2,000 external death examinations. The cases involved one woman, aged 72 and two men, aged 38 and 41. In the ...
Daisley H H - - 2000
Three cases of maternal death following the use of misoprostol are presented. In two of the cases the drug was used to procure illegal abortion, and in the third case maternal death occurred following uterine rupture, after misoprostol was used clinically for induction of labour. A brief review of the ...
Hill P M - - 2000
This report describes an incident in which exceedingly high levels of carbon dioxide may have contributed to the death of a skier in eastern California. A cross-country skier was found dead inside a large, mostly covered snow cave, 1 day after he was reported missing. The autopsy report suggests that ...
Valmana A - - 2000
This paper examines the methadone-related deaths (MRD) among entire cases of inquest on drug-related cases in 18 coroners' jurisdictions in England which were entered on the National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths during a six-month period in 1997. In 154 deaths methadone, either prescribed or not prescribed, was reported to ...
Faye-Petersen O M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine how often a perinatal autopsy identified the cause of death, and how frequently this information changed recurrence risk estimates or altered parental counseling. METHODS: We reviewed all autopsies of fetal stillbirths and briefly viable neonates performed by one perinatal pathologist at the University of Alabama Hospital from ...
McMaster P - - 1999
Hyperekplexia is a rare condition in which there is an exaggerated startle response. We report how a case presented in Papua New Guinea (PNG) and was diagnosed with international support. This is the first reported case in PNG. It is an important diagnosis to make to prevent sudden death and ...
De Letter E A - - 1999
We present a case of primary endocardial fibroelastosis (EFE) which had been diagnosed in a 16-year-old girl who died suddenly and unexpectedly. This exceptional cause of death in adolescence led to a short literature review comparing our findings with previous medicolegal reports.
Suárez-Mier M P - - 1999
Supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) is an uncommon but well characterized congenital narrowing of the ascending aorta above the level of the coronary arteries. It can be a familial disorder, can occur sporadically, or associated with Williams syndrome (WS) which is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting connective tissue and the central nervous ...
Dario A - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: The malignant optic glioma in adulthood is a rare tumour of middle-age which causes an early loss of vision and always leads to death within a year. CASE REPORT: The authors report a case of this disease in a 68-year-old woman with a history of rapidly deteriorating vision and ...
Maudsley G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Cause specific research on death certification in chronic disease has rarely involved cerebral palsy. AIMS: To evaluate cause of death information in people known to have cerebral palsy by: describing the cause of death distribution; determining case ascertainment using death certification as the data source; and analysing the choice ...
Ermenc B - - 1999
Medical institutions unjustifiably 'walk in a fog of misplaced optimism', convinced of the accuracy of clinical diagnosis. They disregard the fact that the latest diagnostic research has not reduced the frequency of diagnostic inaccuracy. We reviewed the autopsy records from the archive of the Institute of Forensic Medicine of 921 ...
Tatsumi S - - 1999
An eight-year-old girl (second-year of elementary school) was strangled in an irrigation canal near her house and was left unconscious. The body of a male who hanged himself to death was discovered on the next day. The hanging mark on the neck of the man and the ligature mark on ...
Guehl D - - 1999
This report describes the case of a 47-year-old woman who developed Parkinson's disease after seven years of professional exposure to trichloroethylene. In the light of this clinical report, mice were intoxicated with trichloroethylene and tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity was used to measure neuronal death in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Treated ...
Spuler A - - 1999
Intracranial infection after neurosurgical intervention most often is caused by bacteria. A rare case of fatal herpes simplex encephalitis after removal of a meningioma is described and similar cases reported in the literature are reviewed. Recent diagnostic tools, including detection of herpes viral DNA sequences by polymerase chain reaction, complement ...
Milzman D P - - 1999
Among natural disasters, lightning is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. A well-informed bystander and an astute physician can make the difference between an outcome of death or lifelong disability versus complete or near-complete recovery. What is done in the first few minutes after such an ...
Anderson G S - - 1999
Forensic entomology is now commonly used to determine time of death in human death investigations. However, it can be equally applicable to wildlife crimes. This paper describes the use of entomology to determine time of death in the illegal killing of two young bear cubs in Manitoba, Canada. Two cubs ...
Ermenc B - - 1999
It would be quite reasonable for us to expect the progress made in diagnostic technology to be accompanied by a parallel improvement in diagnostic accuracy. In reality, however, the frequency of misdiagnoses remains the same, despite the fast progress which has been made by medical technology in the last 30 ...
Cohle S D - - 1999
Ventricular septal defects (VSD) are usually considered non-life-threatening, usually closing spontaneously or causing symptoms of congestive heart failure, which can be surgically treated in time to save the patient's life. Despite the usually benign clinical course of VSD, serious arrhythmias occur in 16-31% of patients. Sudden death accounted for one-third ...
Okoye M - - 1999
All medico-legal cases from the Lancaster County Coroner's Office in Lincoln, Nebraska USA, between 1991 and 1996, were reviewed for deaths which occurred in custody. The leading causes of death, in ranked order include: natural 45.1% (23/51), suicide 33.3% (17/51), homicide 11.8% (6/51), accident 7.8% (4/51), and undetermined 2% (1/51). ...
Collins K A - - 1999
More than 3 million children are abused and/or neglected each year in the United States. Unfortunately, a significant percentage of these cases result in homicide by child abuse or child neglect. Causes of death range from blunt force trauma and shaking to asphyxia to immolation. We retrospectively reviewed all pediatric ...
Christensen E D - - 1999
Mountain climbing is a popular recreational activity with a growing number of participants and associated fatalities. To define the characteristics of these fatal incidents and the typical autopsy findings in the victims, we reviewed the autopsy and investigative findings of all fatalities that occurred on Mount Rainier from 1977 through ...
Jenkins A J - - 1999
This study examined cocaine and benzoylecgonine concentrations in 100 consecutive deaths where either compound was identified in blood or urine specimens to determine whether any relationship between these concentrations and cause of death can be found. Forty-seven of the 100 cases were deaths attributed to cocaine, narcotic or combined cocaine ...
Moore K A - - 1999
Tramadol (Ultram) is a centrally acting, synthetic analgesic agent. Although it has some affinity for the opiate receptors, tramadol is believed to exert its analgesic effect by inhibiting the re-uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin. There are several published cases of tramadol's involvement in drug-related deaths and impairment. Reports of deaths ...
Burke M P - - 1999
Primary adrenocortical insufficiency is a rare disease which may present with protean clinical symptoms and signs. At one end of the spectrum is the patient with a long clinical history with marked pigmentation and documented episodes of crises which may follow relatively minor viral illnesses. The other extreme is illustrated ...
Walter T - - 1999
How do neighbours relate to the dying, and what effect does a death have on a neighbourhood? After briefly reviewing related literature, the article explores the concepts of reciprocity and solidarity, using the recent work of Michael Young to highlight limitations in the work of Philip Abrams. The potential of ...
Altun G - - 1999
The number of the homeless people in Istanbul, one of the largest cities in the world, is at present unknown. There has been no previous study in Turkey on cases and causes of death occurring among these individuals. In this paper, documents and autopsy reports of the Mortuary Section of ...
Gopal A K - - 1999
We present a case of death likely to be directly due to cyclosporine (CsA) neurotoxicity. To date, there have been no reports of deaths directly due to CsA neurotoxicity, nor has an associated histological lesion been described independent of confounding processes. A 54-year-old male received an HLA-matched-unrelated BMT for CML. ...
Hope P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To use information collected by the Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirths and Deaths in Infancy to help obstetric, midwifery and paediatric practice in the management of shoulder dystocia. DESIGN: Review of casenotes by a multidisciplinary focus group. SAMPLE: All 56 cases reported to the Confidential Enquiry into Stillbirths and Deaths ...
Filkins J A - - 1998
We report two cases of unexpected death due to metastatic gestational choriocarcinoma and provide a review of the literature regarding these neoplasms. Our cases illustrate the extreme importance of medical follow-up of patients after an ectopic pregnancy or therapeutic abortion.
Vujanić G M - - 1998
AIM: To compare the quality of perinatal and infant necropsy examinations in 1996 with those performed in 1993. METHODS: Cohort analysis, with data from the All Wales Perinatal Survey, of 1027 deaths (540 in 1993; 487 in 1996) of babies between 20 weeks' gestation and one year of age. The ...
Ross D L - - 1998
Increasingly, police respond to confrontations in which the individual demonstrates violent and combative behavior as a result of drug-induced delirium. From medical, legal, and police documents, 61 cases of excited delirium decedents in police custody between 1988 and 1997 are analyzed. In all of the cases, the person fought with ...
Fanton L - - 1998
The primum movens of a forensic autopsy is to track down the crime. The perfect crime can be defined as one which will never be suspected and/or one for which the criminal will never be arrested. We have reported several cases that have been adjudicated or are being adjudicated, and ...
Gall J A - - 1998
With the increasing requirement of the courts for forensic experts to engage in ongoing education, a continuing education programme (CEP) was developed in the field of clinical forensic medicine at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine in 1996. This programme has been described and was initially established to provide a ...
De Henauw S - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To validate the Belgian vital statistics for coronary heart disease (CHD) on the basis of an independent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) register, carried out as part of the WHO-MONICA project. DESIGN: Records of fatal cases of AMI in the WHO-MONICA register were individually linked to the corresponding death ...
Davis G G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Carisoprodol is a skeletal muscle relaxant with the potential for abuse. A carisoprodol overdose is rarely considered fatal. Nevertheless, we encountered carisoprodol in several cases, prompting review of our experience. METHODS: We did a retrospective study of cases examined at the Jefferson County Coroner/Medical Examiner Office from January 1, ...
Djabourian R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To review a satellite facility's autopsy experience with coroner's cases, to determine the volume and type of cases performed; and to evaluate the teaching value of forensic autopsies in a pathology residency training program. DESIGN: A retrospective review of 65 Los Angeles County Coroner cases performed at Cedars-Sinai Medical ...
Boles R G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Fatty acid oxidation (FAO) disorders are frequently reported as the cause of sudden and unexpected death, but their postmortem recognition remains difficult. We have devised a biochemical protocol in which informative findings in liver tissue are microvesicular steatosis, elevated concentrations of C8-C16 fatty acids, glucose depletion, and low carnitine ...
- - 1998
A lightning strike can cause death or various injuries to one or several persons. The mechanism of injury is unique, and the manifestations differ from those of other electrical injuries. In the United States, lightning causes more deaths than do most other natural hazards (e.g., hurricanes and tornadoes), although the ...
Paz Suárez-Mier M - - 1998
Because ventricular fibrillation or other arrhythmia have been suggested as a cause of unexplained sudden infant death, many authors focused their studies on the conduction system especially in the 1970s. These studies were not conclusive and many pathologists have abandoned the study of the conduction system. We have reviewed the ...
Zhu B L - - 1998
We report a case of sudden death following psychiatric electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). A schizophrenic patient with manic excitement (39-year-old male) in a mental hospital died while vomiting immediately after ECT. The cause of death was diagnosed as asphyxia due to aspiration of vomitus (choking). It is now considered that ECT ...
Buzzi S - - 1998
A case of unexpected death in a six-year-old child, who died after a period of non-specific symptoms and clinical signs, is described. The cause of death was a pilocytic astrocytoma of the pontocerebellar angle, rare with regard to location and histology. The authors have reviewed the literature, which was scanty.
Kimura K K Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN 55905, - - 1998
Swine influenza virus (SIV), a common zoonotic infection, affects swine, particularly during late autumn and winter. Transmission of SIV from pigs to humans has been reported occasionally; most cases are mild infections and rarely lead to death. Herein we describe an immunocompetent woman in whom the adult respiratory distress syndrome ...
Whittaker D K - - 1998
Accurate comparison of ante-mortem photographs and the skull of a deceased person is dependent upon suitable superimposition techniques and a post-mortem dentition which is comparable to the situation obtaining in the individual at the time of death. The skull featuring in this case presented with a missing upper lateral incisor, ...
Isenschmid D S - - 1998
This case report describes an accidental death due to the inhalation of tetrachloroethylene during an autoerotic episode. Tetrachloroethylene was administered from a can of Fix-A-Flat tire repair. Analysis of tetrachloroethylene was performed using headspace gas chromatography and electron capture detection. The blood tetrachloroethylene concentration of 62 mg/L was consistent with ...
Komar D A - - 1998
Previous research into postmortem interval (PMI) estimation has been restricted to temperate and arid climates. Results suggest that decomposition rates may be significantly slower in cold weather regions. Preliminary research to conduct a cold weather time since death study has begun in Edmonton, which experiences mean monthly temperatures below freezing ...
Di Nunno N - - 1998
This paper proposes the use of radiographic magnification to detect the effects of neck traumas. This technique, both fast and economical, has proved to be particularly useful in all those cases where post mortem examinations failed to detect valid evidence of lesions of the hyoid-larynx complex. This is the case ...
Rohrig T P - - 1997
Sudden death due to the inhalation of halogenated hydrocarbons is a well-documented phenomenon in the scientific and medical literature. Recently, there has been sporadic information suggesting that nonhalogenated hydrocarbons may cause potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias. This report documents five sudden deaths due to inhalation of nonhalogenated hydrocarbons: n-butane, isobutane and ...
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