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Results 301 - 350 of 770
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Rotimi O - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinico-pathologic features, circumstances of death and related epidemiological variables in cases of sudden cardiac death among Nigerians. METHODS: A review of all cases of medico-legal autopsies performed at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, on cases of sudden unexpected deaths over a ten-year ...
Petersson Karin - - 2004
AIMS: Maternal infections with parvovirus B19, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and enterovirus have been associated with intrauterine fetal death (IUFD), but the incidence of these infections is not clear. This prospective study was conducted to estimate this incidence. METHODS: A prospective study of 38 months was conducted on cases of IUFD referred ...
Hotárková S - - 2004
Oncocytic cardiomyopathy is a rare arrhythmogenic disorder usually associated with female sex, difficult-to-control arrhythmias, or sudden death of infants and children. Morphologically, it is characterized by the presence of oncocytic cells, which are diffusely distributed or form the nodular structures within the myocardium, occasionally involving the valves, with a large ...
McSweegan Edward - - 2004
In 2001, spores of Bacillus anthracis were deliberately sent through the United States postal system, resulting in five deaths from inhalational anthrax. Rarely observed clinical symptoms associated with these cases led to a hypothesis about the etiology of the English Sweating Sickness. The disease appeared sporadically in England between 1485 ...
Nashelsky Marcus B - - 2003
Medical examiners and coroners commonly determine cause and manner of death without an autopsy examination. Some death certificates generated in this way may not state the correct cause and manner of death. From the case files of the Department of Forensic Medicine in Sydney, Australia, the authors retrospectively reviewed investigative ...
Benecke Mark - - 2003
Forensic scientists may encounter blood spatter at a scene which may be pure or a mixture of fly artifacts and human bloodstains. It is important to be able to make an informed identification, or at least advanced documentation of such stains since the mechanics of production of fly artifacts are ...
Friedman Yael - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) classically presents with a subacutely evolving areflexic paralysis, with typical laboratory findings of elevated cerebrospinal fluid protein and abnormal nerve conduction studies. There is now an increasing recognition of GBS variants that differ in clinical presentation, prognosis, electrophysiology and presumed pathogenesis. Fulminant cases of GBS have ...
Dodek Peter - - 2003
PURPOSE: To review the history of mandatory reporting for the purpose of identifying potential organ and tissue donors, and the controversy around the terms, "imminent" or "impending" death, and to suggest a solution to this controversy. SOURCE: In this narrative review, published papers were retrieved based on a Medline search ...
Richardus J H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: A European concerted action (the EuroNatal study) investigated differences in perinatal mortality between countries of Europe. This report describes the methods used in the EuroNatal international audit and discusses the validity of the results. METHODS: Perinatal deaths between 1993 and 1998 in regions of ten European countries were identified. ...
Byard Roger W - - 2003
A review of deaths associated with hydrocarbon toxicity from gasoline sniffing in South Australia throughout a 10 year period from July 1987 to June 2002 revealed 4 cases. The victims were all Aboriginal people from remote inland communities. Each death had occurred while the victim was lying in bed sniffing ...
Ueno Yasuhiro - - 2003
A case of sexual asphyxial death by hanging is presented. A 35-year-old male, found dead lying on his face in a bed of a truck cab, had hanged himself from a window frame using a leather belt. He was completely naked. There were pornographic and sadomasochistic magazines beneath his face, ...
García-Repetto R - - 2003
The recreational use of amphetamine derivatives has become increasingly popular in our country in past recent years. Their use is especially common among young people participating in dance parties known as "raves." As a direct consequence of their increased use, the number of fatal cases in which these compounds have ...
Gabor L J - - 2003
Four-to six-week-old calves from a seasonal dairy herd in North Western Tasmania were presented for veterinary attention due to the occurrence of sudden deaths. Necropsy examination of one of the calves revealed several small pale foci of 1 cm diameter on the epicardium. Mortalities were found to be caused by ...
Futterman Laurie G - - 2003
Dietary sodium restriction and diuretics are basic requirements in the treatment of CHF. The reduction in pulmonary venous congestion following the use of diuretics leads to a rapid improvement in dyspnea, promotes natriuresis without direct positive inotropic effects, and does not reflexively activate the neuroendocrine system. The recent literature has ...
Schuster Timothy G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the case law for cryopreservation of sperm and embryos and make recommendations for desirable characteristics that should be included in a cryopreservation clinic's disposition agreements. DESIGN: A literature review of case law and legal review articles was performed. SETTING: Academic research center. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN ...
Hart W J - - 2003
We report on two patients who have recently required emergency surgery and who were wearing personal identity devices at the time of presentation. The devices bear a telephone number and a message stating that, if found, the management company should be informed of the whereabouts of their owner. We discuss ...
Alunni-Perret V - - 2003
A 30-year-old male died in Thailand after a scuffle. The corpse was embalmed and repatriated to France where an autopsy was performed. As usual in cases of embalmment, fluids such as blood and urine were unavailable and the toxicological analyses was performed on the bile and the liver. An overdose ...
Davidson Peter J - - 2003
Heroin-related overdose is the single largest cause of accidental death in San Francisco. We examined demographic, location, nontoxicological, and toxicological characteristics of opiate overdose deaths in San Francisco, California. Medical examiner's case files for every opioid-positive death from July 1, 1997, to June 30, 2000, were reviewed and classified as ...
Antzelevitch Charles - - 2003
An intriguing new clinical entity characterized by ST-segment elevation in the right precordial electrocardiographic leads and a high incidence of sudden death in individuals with structurally normal hearts was described by Pedro and Josep Brugada in 1992. The past decade has witnessed an exponential rise in the number of reported ...
Leggat Peter A - - 2003
Objectives. To examine fatal and non-fatal incidents involving tourists in Thailand. Methods. Press records from a major English language newspaper for the period from July 1997 to June 1999 were examined for reports of fatal and non-fatal incidents involving tourists. Results. From July 1997 to June 1999, up to 233 ...
Cavaljuga Semra - - 2003
At this moment, public health authorities, physicians and scientists around the world are struggling to cope with a severe and rapidly spreading new disease in humans called severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS. According to World Health Organisation (WHO) this appears to be the first severe and easily transmissible new ...
Bosman Ingrid J - - 2003
In this study, forensic cases involving the use of Gamma Hydroxy Butyric acid (GHB) from the second half of 1999 through the second half of 2001 in The Netherlands (blood >5mg/l and urine >10mg/l) are described. GHB was analysed by GC-MS after lactone formation and using GHB-d6 as internal standard. ...
Tuffnell Derek J - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature on amniotic fluid embolism and how it may influence the clinical management and further study of the condition. Morbidity and mortality from amniotic fluid embolism in the international context will be described, given the recent Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in the ...
Yamazaki Kentaro - - 2003
Postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) is useful for diagnosis of cause of death not only by emergency physicians but also medical examiners or police surgeons conducting postmortem studies. However, postmortem biological conditions are quite different from those in the living body. Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) and a hyperdense aortic wall ...
Ishigami Akiko - - 2003
It is known that methamphetamine (MA) causes rhabdomyolysis, myoglobinuria, and acute renal failure. We conducted an immunohistochemical study on the kidney of 22 forensic autopsy cases in which MA had been detected. Myoglobin was positive in 17 cases. The concentration of the blood MA in the myoglobin-positive cases (8.39+/-3.43 micromol/dl) ...
Ago Mihoko - - 2003
We report an autopsy case of a death associated with ingestion of liquid windshield-washer detergent. The deceased was a 49-year-old man who was found dead on a road near his truck. A bottle of liquid windshield-washer detergent containing an anionic surfactant and methanol was found under the passenger seat of ...
Schott Jennifer C - - 2003
A case of atypical autoerotic death is described. An 18-year-old white man clad in two brassieres was found dead in his bedroom by his brother. Two wet green terry cloths were under the brassiere cups, connected to the house current via two metal washers and a bifid electrical cord. Literature ...
Chung Yung A - - 2003
This presentation will demonstrate the dangers of using a loaded gun as a blunt force object and designing toy guns to mimic realistic weapons. The ultimate goals of this presentation are to increase public education by promoting strict adherence to standard guidelines for safe gun usage, and to re-evaluate the ...
Favale Stefano - - 2003
This case refers to a 39-year-old woman with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and family history of sudden death (SD). In 1985, high rate atrial stimulation induced VF. In 1996 an ICD was implanted and she remained without arrhythmic events until November 2000 when the device reported one episode of atrial fibrillation ...
Ruiz Jorge K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report 2 fatal cases of fulminant hepatic failure associated with propylthiouracil treatment against hyperthyroidism. CASE SUMMARY: Two women, 30 and 32 years old with no previous liver disease, were treated with propylthiouracil against Graves' disease. Both patients developed jaundice after a 4- and 5-month treatment period, respectively. The ...
Radi Zaher A - - 2003
Ethylene glycol (EG) toxicosis was diagnosed on postmortem examination in a white leghorn chicken. The clinical signs were sudden onset of depression, ataxia, convulsions and death. Natural cases of EG toxicosis have not been reported in chickens. This report highlights the importance of including EG toxicosis on differential diagnoses lists ...
Chhetri Dibyakar - - 2002
Forensic medicine deals both the living (eg, sexual assaults) as well as dead (eg, rape followed by murder) and drug induced death cases. In drug induced death or sexual assault cases some of the victims are sufferers of AIDS. HIV transmission occurs more in free and unlimited sex. Some points ...
Ng'walali P M - - 2002
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a relatively rare cardiovascular anomaly worldwide and is very rarely encountered in forensic pathology. A case of clinically unsuspected fatal IAA in a 5-day old neonate is described. A full term female baby was declared dead on arrival at an emergency hospital few hours after ...
Ditto Anne M - - 2002
Hymenoptera anaphylaxis is responsible for 50 deaths annually. This may be an underestimation because not all anaphylactic episodes are recognized or reported. Unexplained deaths at the poolside or on golf courses, as well as those attributed to cardiac causes, may be caused by unrecognized anaphylaxis. Venom immunotherapy (VIT) is highly ...
Watanabe-Suzuki Kanako - - 2002
We report a rare case of the death of a stunt man who jumped into the sea driving a motorcycle on location for a TV drama. A special ramp had been constructed for the jump. The stunt man and a passenger drove up the ramp at a speed of 60-70 ...
Salmo E N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Sudden and unexpected death is not an uncommon event in otherwise healthy epileptics. AIMS: To study the autopsied cases of sudden death in known epileptic patients in the West of Ireland. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out which involved the review of 3,103 autopsy reports over a 10-year ...
Aligbe J U - - 2002
A prospective study of 726 cases of coroner's autopsies carried out over a period of two years (1st January, 1996 - 31st December, 1997) was reviewed. The causes and circumstances of death are defined and classified into natural and unnatural deaths. Fifty cases (6.3%) were children while the remaining 676 ...
Escoffery C T - - 2002
Medicolegal (coroner's) autopsies are an important source of epidemiological data. A large proportion of them comprise sudden natural deaths and an analysis of such cases has never been undertaken at the University Hospital of the West Indies, the only teaching hospital in Jamaica. In a retrospective study, 841 cases of ...
Martin David Barrett - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Because the cause of death in smallpox remains controversial, the human pathology record was examined. METHODS: The surviving case series of smallpox pathology in humans as well as other review articles from English language journals written during the last 200 years were reviewed. RESULTS: The skin lesions in smallpox ...
Idema C D - - 2002
Neonatal tetanus (NNT) is a serious but preventable disease, and the World Health Organization (WHO) wants to eliminate NNT globally by reducing its incidence to <1 case per 1000 live births. South Africa adopted this goal in 1995, but Mpumalanga, a rural province, has consistently reported cases of NNT despite ...
Schmunk Gregory A - - 2002
The authors report two suicides that resulted from the intentional inhalation of automobile exhaust gases in which death occurred without the formation of physiologically significant amounts of carboxyhemoglobin. These circumstances are correlated with measurements of the involved vehicles' exhaust gases, which showed reduced concentrations of carbon monoxide present, reflecting improvements ...
Zador Deborah A - - 2002
The aims of this study were to describe the causes of death in cases found positive for methadone post-mortem, the proportion of cases involving methadone syrup, and of this group, the proportion not registered in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) at time of death, and the number of deaths during induction ...
Riches Karen J - - 2002
Although severe reactions to the sting of the common honey bee (Apis mellifera) are a common problem in Australia, reported deaths are uncommon, with the estimated mortality varying from one to four persons each year. The following study presents the postmortem findings in three cases of bee sting fatality, including ...
Behrendt N - - 2002
Four previously unpublished cases of female asphyxiophilia are presented. All women were found immobilised by obviously self-tied ropes, string or handcuffs. The women, who were alone at the time of death, died of a lethal paraphilia. The autopsies revealed asphyxiation as the cause of death, caused in two cases by ...
Gust Deborah A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To summarize national trends in the incidence of congenital syphilis (CS) and associated mortality. METHODS: We analyzed CS surveillance data reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by 50 states and the District of Columbia from 1992-1998. RESULTS: From 1992-1998, 942 deaths, including 760 stillbirths, were reported ...
Ikechebelu J I - - 2002
In a retrospective study of 43 cases of eclampsia managed at the Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi over a 5-year period, an incidence of 0.75% out of 5750 labour ward admissions was found. Eclampsia was more prevalent in the primigravidae (65%) and unbooked patients (83.7%) than in the multigravidae ...
Breitmeier D - - 2002
We present a rare case of an autoerotic accident involving a fatal combination of asphyxia by suffocation and intoxication with self-administered intravenous ketamine. Of note in this case is the fact that the victim was an emergency medical technician. Ketamine causes complete analgesia with superficial unconciousness and amnesia called "dissociative ...
Takeda Naoto - - 2002
An 8-year-old boy who was treated for hydrocephalus with lumboperitoneal shunting presented with extreme night bradycardia. The night bradycardia disappeared after shunt revision, suggesting that the probable cause was secondary to long-lasting increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Long-lasting increased ICP is known to be associated with papilledema, but it has rarely ...
Camacho A T - - 2002
The present report describes a fatal case of non-experimental babesiosis in a splenctomized 3-year-old fox terrier. A very intense parasitaemia including clusters of up to 16 Babesiae and a prominent haemophagocytic activity were the most relevant findings. A marked leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia and regenerative anaemia were observed. Despite prompt treatment with ...
Chute Dennis J - - 2002
In this report, we describe ten cases of pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage on computer axial tomography (CT) scan of the head. A pseudo-subarachnoid hemorrhage is a false positive finding by CT of the head in which the scan is interpreted as being positive for a subarachnoid hemorrhage not substantiated by subsequent neuropathologic ...
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