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Results 251 - 300 of 770
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McKay N - - 2005
Rabies is endemic worldwide, and causes approximately 30 000 deaths per year. In the past 20 years, 12 deaths have occurred in the UK, although all but one case were contracted overseas. We have reviewed the current literature regarding the management of possible rabies exposure in the setting of a ...
Matschke Jakob - - 2005
Although glioblastomas are among the most common primary cerebral neoplasms, sudden death due to these tumors is an uncommon event. Due to the usual rapid increase in intracranial pressure, patients develop symptoms rather early, leading to medical attention in time. A search for cases of sudden unexpected death due to ...
Tümer Ali Riza - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of various causes of sudden unexpected child deaths (SUCD) and to assess the importance of an autopsy in predicting the likelihood of finding a cause of death. A retrospective analysis of autopsy findings in 97 cases of SUCD between ...
Nath U - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the mortality of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and to assess the quality of death certification in patients with PSP who died in England and Wales. METHODS: An analysis was conducted of ICD-9 (International Classification of Diseases, version 9) coded deaths obtained through the Office of National Statistics ...
Sundararajan S - - 2005
Sudden unexpected death in infancy and childhood requires a 'full' post-mortem investigation. Guidance from the Royal College of Pathologists recommends sampling of all the major organs. However, the diaphragm does not feature in this or in most lists of routine histology. Our aim is to emphasize the importance of sampling ...
Rautji R - - 2005
One hundred and forty-five unselected autopsy cases of construction site accidents received from South Delhi were studied during the period from 1996--2002. Data for the study was gathered from autopsy reports and hospital records. The cases represented approximately 1.61% of all autopsy cases received from South Delhi at the All ...
Pollanen Michael S - - 2005
One of the most difficult tasks in forensic medicine is deciding the cause of death in an unclear or debatable case. Most decision-making difficulties arise when there is a definite or potential causal interaction between: disease, injury, and circumstantial events. Sometimes these interactions are trivial, but in many instances the ...
Ventura Francesco - - 2005
The authors report the case of a 75 year old man with bilateral inguinal hernia who suddenly died a few hours after hospitalization. Autopsy revealed death was related to a stercoral peritonitis ensuing from a perforation of the colon. The clinical picture during hospitalisation showed no typical signs of this. ...
Fenton Todd W - - 2005
This paper reports a bilaterally symmetrical cranio-facial fracture pattern that is observed in self-inflicted, midline gunshot wounds. Five cases of self-inflicted gunshots wounds are presented as follows: two high-powered rifle cases, two shotgun cases, and one handgun case. In all five cases the remains were either decomposing or skeletonized and ...
Chotpitayasunondh Tawee - - 2005
Influenza A (H5N1) is endemic in poultry across much of Southeast Asia, but limited information exists on the distinctive features of the few human cases. In Thailand, we instituted nationwide surveillance and tested respiratory specimens by polymerase chain reaction and viral isolation. From January 1 to March 31, 2004, we ...
Libiseller Kathrin - - 2005
Fatalities due to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") are rare in Austria, although the use of designer drugs has become quite common. This is the first published case of a fatal MDMA intoxication in Austria. A 19-year-old girl died after the consumption of ecstasy tablets in the apartment of a friend. Blood ...
Burnley H - - 2005
To determine the quality of stillbirth postmortem reports and their contribution to a final diagnosis following the introduction of explicit consent forms after the Alder Hey inquiry. Necropsy reports from 100 consecutive stillbirths were reviewed from 2001 onwards. A spreadsheet compiled data items that were considered essential in the Royal ...
Türk Elisabeth Elena - - 2005
Although a plethora of reports on life-threatening complications of salt emesis has been published since the early 1960s, salt is still used to induce emesis in cases of intoxication in the clinical as well as in the domestic setting. We report three cases of fatal hypernatremia after salt was used ...
Andresen Brian D - - 2005
The case report of a serial killer who worked at several hospitals as a respiratory therapist is presented. The suspect was initially labeled a benevolent Angel of Death who ended the suffering of elderly patients through mercy killing. However, his subsequently declared motive for homicide was very different from other ...
Weber Emil L - - 2005
While the introduction of carmustine wafers (Gliadel wafers) into the tumor resection cavity has been shown to be a beneficial therapy for malignant glioma, it is recognized that clinically significant cerebral edema is a potential adverse effect. Following are two clinical case reports demonstrating profound cerebral edema associated with implantation ...
Nair Pradeep S - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Certain dermatological conditions are life-threatening and can cause mortality. The aim of this study is to find out the dermatological diseases leading to death in our indoor patients. METHODS: A record-based retrospective descriptive study of dermatology cases who died during the period of 1995 to 2001. RESULTS: ...
Lehman T D - - 2004
We report a woman with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) in whom there was prolonged sepsis and death at age 22 years. Autopsy revealed multiple epidermolytic skin lesions with chronic ulceration, mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis and multifocal necrotizing leucoencephalopathy (MNL) of the pons. The latter two conditions may have been mediated by ...
Kurth Jennifer - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Consideration of the risk of QTc interval prolongation associated with atypical antipsychotic administration is mounting, as this can lead to sudden cardiac death. METHODS: This is a case report of a 14-year-old boy with a history of major depressive disorder with psychotic features, post-traumatic stress disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, ...
Al Sebayel M I M - - 2004
Organ shortage has been the main obstacle in the progress of organ transplantation in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the percentage of potential donors among all deaths in Riyadh hospital intensive care units (ICUs). Mortality data were collected by a medical professional in each ...
Kanlayanaphotporn Jirapat - - 2004
We reviewed reported pneumonia cases and deaths in Thailand since 1975 to evaluate the pneumonia surveillance system. In Sa Kaeo Province, we analyzed 3 years in detail (1999--2001) from electronic surveillance data, and compared deaths reported through surveillance to death certificate data in 1999 and 2000. In addition, we interviewed ...
Lewis Michael J - - 2004
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a recognized risk factor for massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) in the newborn and is generally seen in association with other MPH risk factors such as prematurity. We report 6 cases of sudden and unexpected death of infants older than 4 days with MPH and PDA ...
Prieto José L - - 2004
Estimating time since death is especially difficult in the examination of poorly preserved cadavers and depends on the experience of the examiner and comparison with previously documented cases showing similar characteristics. The present study reports on information obtained over the past ten years through the work of the Laboratorio de ...
Davis Neil L - - 2004
Upon necroscopic examination of a homeless male found comatose in the street and pronounced dead at a medical center 12 hours later, a sharp tip of a knife lodged in the right parietal region of his skull was incidentally discovered. The blade transected the diploe and penetrated the cerebral cortex. ...
Rietjens Judith A C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Terminal sedation in patients nearing death is an important issue related to end-of-life care. OBJECTIVE: To describe the practice of terminal sedation in the Netherlands. DESIGN: Face-to-face interviews. SETTING: The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: Nationwide stratified sample of 482 physicians; 410 responded and 211 of these reported characteristics of their most ...
Songer J Glenn - - 2004
Toxigenic types of Clostridium perfringens are important causes of enteric disease in domestic animals, although type E is putatively rare, appearing as an uncommon cause of enterotoxemia of lambs, calves, and rabbits. We report here two geographically distinct cases of type E enterotoxemia in calves, and diagnostic findings which suggest ...
Pirnay S - - 2004
AIMS: To assess the trends in the number, mortality and the nature of forensic cases involving toxicological detection of buprenorphine or methadone among toxicological investigations performed in Paris from June 1997 to June 2002. DESIGN: Retrospective, 5 year study with review of premortem data, autopsy, police reports, hospital data, and ...
Meel B L - - 2004
South Africa has a high death rate as a result of motor vehicle collisions. The motor vehicle accident fund is struggling with compensation claims made by the next of kin of the deceased. This report presents an unusual case of death as a result of systemic allergic reaction to acrylic ...
Sugie Hideaki - - 2004
We report three cases of sudden death due to inhalation of portable cooking stove fuel (case 1), cigarette lighter fuel (case 2), and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) (case 3). Specimens of blood, urine, stomach contents, brain, heart, lung, liver, kidney, and fat were collected and analyzed for propylene, propane, isobutane, ...
Keller C - - 2004
The primary limitation of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is that it does not reliably protect the lungs from regurgitated stomach content. We describe three cases of aspiration associated with the LMA, including the first brain injury, the first death, and the first associated with the intubating LMA, and review ...
Byard Roger W - - 2004
In November 1999, in the United Kingdom, a woman was convicted of the murder of her two infant sons. An appeal against the conviction was dismissed in October 2000, but the conviction was quashed by a second court of appeal in January 2003. Review of the autopsy findings showed that ...
Persaud R - - 2004
Necrotizing fasciitis is life-threatening bacterial infection which spreads with frightening speed along the fascial planes resulting in extensive tissue necrosis and often death. The infection is caused by either Group A streptococci or a combination of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Necrotizing fasciitis of the neck is rare and commonly has ...
Brown Elissa J - - 2004
The term childhood traumatic grief (CTG) is being increasingly used to refer to the particular reaction in children that may follow the death of a loved one during a traumatic event. The goal of this case study is to describe the theoretical argument and framework for, as well as a ...
Bhattacharya, Kaushik
Medical errors have now been listed as an important cause of death, and are manifest in the numerous litigations that occur in the present day. Reporting of errors includes the mildest of complications like increased hospital stay to the most serious like death. A review of literature indicates that most ...
Tharp Amy M - - 2004
The transdermal fentanyl system delivers a specific dose at a constant rate. Even after the prescribed application time has elapsed, enough fentanyl remains within a patch to provide a potentially lethal dose. Death due to the intravenous injection of fentanyl extracted from transdermal patches has not been previously reported. We ...
Di Nunno Nunzio - - 2004
The authors describe a singular case of fatal impalement due to penetration of a metal tube at the level of the neck in a victim of a road traffic accident. The man was traveling in the passenger seat ("death seat") of a car that hit the parapet of a bridge ...
Ong Beng Beng - - 2004
It is well known that diagnostic accuracy of the clinical cause of death has not improved despite advances in diagnostic techniques. We aimed to investigate the accuracy of the clinical cause of death compared with the autopsy cause of death and to see if the Coroner's autopsy can play a ...
Guérin E - - 2004
Valvular cardiac tumours are rare but account for a high prevalence of stroke or sudden death. We report a case of an incidental finding on echocardiographic screening of a 65-year-old man. He was admitted to the emergency department for an episode of sinus bradycardia due to B-blocker overdose. Diagnosis of ...
Ağritmiş Hasan - - 2004
Suicide has been reported as the second or third most common cause of death in children and adolescents worldwide. In this study, cases of under the age of 19 years submitted to the Institute of Forensic Medicine, First Specialization Board between 1996 and 2000 as suicides by the Board were ...
Anderson G S - - 2004
A forensic entomology case is presented which is interesting for two reasons; firstly, it uses egg development, but secondly, it involves a case which is over 20 years old, and was recently re-opened. The only entomological evidence was in the form of photographs. Usually, it is not possible to make ...
Gindler Jacqueline - - 2004
We used capture-recapture methodology to estimate total deaths and efficiency of reporting for 2 systems. During 1987-1992, there were 165 measles-associated deaths in the multiple-cause mortality database at the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and 184 reported to the measles surveillance system at the National Immunization Program (NIP). We ...
Mirsattari S M - - 2004
The authors report a case of a 71-year-old man who developed myoclonic status epilepticus and coma after daily ingestion of colloidal silver for 4 months resulting in high levels of silver in plasma, erythrocytes, and CSF. Despite plasmapheresis, he remained in a persistent vegetative state until his death 5.5 months ...
Kaushik Bhattacharya, A. Neela ...
Medical errors have now been listed as an important cause of death, and are manifest in the numerous litigations that occur in the present day. Reporting of errors includes the mildest of complications like increased hospital stay to the most serious like death. A review of literature indicates that most ...
Chirachariyavej Thamrong - - 2004
A case of sudden unexpected natural death in a young adult male from the north-eastern part of Thailand with clinical non Lai-Tai disease, but pathologic feature of mitral valve prolapse is discussed. The approach to the postmortem examination of the mitral valve is reviewed. Because of the sudden nature of ...
Wilson Christopher I - - 2004
The incidence of human fatalities due to arrow injuries in the medical literature is rare. We report an incident involving a 46-year-old man who was found in his secured apartment with a fatal arrow wound of his chest and abdomen. The initial scene investigation suggested that the victim impaled himself ...
Nikolic Slobodan - - 2004
An experimental autopsy study was performed on 64 cases (55 male, 9 female; average age 51.5 +/- 16.2 years) of sudden natural (38 cases) and asphyxic deaths (26 cases). The study objective was the amount of postmortem bleeding from postmortem cutting of the thoracic aorta, related to the time since ...
Auriti Antonio - - 2004
A case of a giant vegetation of the mitral valve causing sudden death of the patient is reported. The case underlines that urgent removal of a big mass must always be considered because of the risk of sudden death or catastrophic embolism. Echocardiographic differential diagnosis of a mass is discussed ...
Tabei S Z - - 2004
Anthrax, like tuberculosis, shows a new epidemic spread in industrialized countries, revealing some ambiguous aspects to the disease and providing new challenges to medicine. Shiraz University of Medical Sciences has records of 7130 autopsies performed in the past 40 years, 33 of which are anthrax cases. We reviewed all the ...
Shields Lisa B E - - 2004
Elder abuse and neglect refers to an act or omission resulting in harm, including death, or threatened harm to the health or welfare of an elderly person. Between one and two million elderly Americans experience some form of mistreatment annually. A ten-year (1992-2001) retrospective case review of morbidity and mortality ...
McLean C R - - 2004
A case is presented of fatal capnocytophaga canimorsus sepsis caused by a neglected cat scratch. Although fatalities are known to occur as a result of sepsis caused by this organism, death following cat scratch transmission has not previously been reported. The case is important as it demonstrates how a seemingly ...
Hancock Peter A - - 2004
The following report is a case study example of how problematic information can invade and percolate through the literature on forensic human factors and ergonomics. Initially, a highly doubtful assertion was used to bolster an argument made in a legal case of wrongful death. The assertion was supported through reference ...
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