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Results 201 - 250 of 770
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Collins Kim A - - 2006
A subcategory of elder maltreatment is the fatal outcome, or elder homicide. Some cases of elder homicide result from chronic abuse and/or neglect, while others appear to be sudden, with no pertinent history. The research and literature of elder homicide are lacking, making the investigation of each case difficult; the ...
Sharma S D - - 2006
Neonatal hyperekplexia is a rare autosomal dominant startle disorder. Presenting soon after birth, it is often mistakenly diagnosed as spastic quadriparesis, epilepsy etc. While the long-term prognosis is relatively benign, sudden death due to severe spasms have been seen in sporadic cases. We report a case of hyperekplexia with some ...
Narongchai Siripun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is the most common substance abused. It causes many kinds of injuries and death from accidents, homicides, suicides and sudden unexplained natural death (SUND). Traffic accidents especially, have a very close correlation with alcohol concentration levels in the body. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In the present study, there were ...
Rosas-Rosas A G - - 2006
This paper describes the causes of death of 54 maras (Dolichotis patagonum) in a captive colony in Mexico over a period of seven years. There were 35 adults, 11 juveniles, five neonates, two fetuses and one stillbirth--27 males, 21 females and six whose sex was not determined. Trauma was the ...
Mant Jonathan - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Routine statistics and epidemiologic studies often distinguish between types of cardiac death. Our aim was to assess agreement between doctors on cause of death given identical clinical information, and to assess agreement between a physician panel and the original cause of death as coded on national statistics. ...
Harding Brett E - - 2006
The American alligator inhabits bodies of fresh water in Florida and other southeastern states. Although attacks on pets are frequent, alligator attacks on humans are relatively rare because of the animal's natural fear of man. Because of the rarity of attacks on humans, the pathologic findings and pathophysiology of death ...
- - 2006
Approximately 800,000 firefighters in the United States are volunteer firefighters and 300,000 are career firefighters. Volunteer firefighters primarily serve communities with fewer than 25,000 inhabitants, whereas most career firefighters serve communities of more than 25,000 persons. To characterize fatalities among volunteer and career firefighters, CDC analyzed data from the U.S. ...
Sharma B R - - 2006
In practice, all cases of abandoned newborn deaths are reported to the police/coroner, who asks for a post-mortem examination because only this can establish the viability of the infant, proof of separate existence, and the cause and manner of death in such cases. The pathologist who conducts the autopsy will ...
Miranda Estuardo J - - 2006
We report the cases of two individuals, one in Tacoma, WA, and the second in San Diego, CA, whose deaths were attributed to ingestion of 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP). 2,4-DNP has historically been used as a herbicide and fungicide. By uncoupling mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, the drug causes a marked increase in fat ...
Derman Talia - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The mechanism of death in anorexia nervosa (AN) is unclear. METHOD: We present a case of sudden death in AN with unexpected autopsy findings. A 36-year-old woman with long-standing AN presented to the eating disorders unit. She was severely underweight with a body mass index of 12.5. Ten days ...
Petersen John L - - 2006
Clinical events committees (CECs) are the current standard for endpoint adjudication in clinical trials. However, little data exist with which to compare CEC and site investigator determinations or to evaluate internal agreement among CEC members. Using data from the Mode Selection Trial in Sinus Node Dysfunction (MOST), we analyzed classifications ...
Inoue Hiromasa - - 2006
We reviewed 32 cases where a forensic autopsy detected methamphetamine in the blood, and all of these autopsies were performed at two institutes between 1991 and 2003. In accordance with several criteria, the blood concentration in 11 cases was classified as above the toxic level, and 10 of these cases ...
Bonar Christopher J - - 2006
Recent studies of serum iron and iron binding capacity have indicated that tapirs could be at risk of developing hemochromatosis. However, in recent surveys of pathologic findings in tapirs, hemochromatosis was not reported as a cause of death. This study reviews necropsy reports from three species of tapir (Baird's tapir ...
Lee Ching-Chi - - 2006
A diabetic patient with chronic heart failure developed necrotizing fasciitis and bacteremia caused by Chryseobacterium meningosepticum, which rapidly evolved into death, even with fasciotomy and intensive care. A review of the English literature found 10 cases of soft tissue infection caused by C. meningosepticum, which is rarely acquired in the ...
Ling Shin-Yee - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Umbilical cord stricture is an uncommon but distinctive condition associated with intrauterine fetal death. Although cases have been reported periodically since the last century, there has been considerable speculation as to whether the condition is real or a postmortem artifact. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old woman, G2P0SA0AA1, was diagnosed with ...
Swindells K L - - 2006
Death adder envenomation is rare in humans and there is only one brief report previously in dogs. This paper details three cases of canine common death adder (Acanthophis antarcticus) envenomation and one case of bardick (Echiopsis curta) envenomation which were responsive to death adder antivenom. The available literature on death ...
Ricketts K D - - 2006
Six hundred and fifty five cases of travel-associated legionnaires' disease with onset in 2004 have been reported to the EWGLINET surveillance scheme by 25 countries. A total of 84.9% of cases were diagnosed by the urinary antigen test, and 37 cultures were obtained. Thirty seven deaths were reported, giving a ...
Horn Lars-Christian - - 2006
Little attention has been paid to the pathologic features of the umbilical cord, which might fatally damage the fetus. We determined the association of hypercoiling (more than 1 coil per 5 cm) and thinning with consecutive constriction of the umbilical vessels (thin cord syndrome; TCS) and intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). ...
Hsieh Chih-Hsin - - 2006
Squamous cell carcinomas and renal failure were reported the causes of death in patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB). Death from colonic disease in epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is never reported. We demonstrate a male patient with RDEB. He suffered megacolon due to fecal impaction and died from sigmoid colon ...
Lopez Ursula - - 2006
Near-death experience (NDE) is a complex subjective experience, which may include affective elements such as a sense of peacefulness, paranormal components such as a sensation of floating out of the body, and a perception of being in a dark tunnel and seeing a brilliant light. It is usually reported to ...
Kumari N - - 2006
Reports of intestinal trematode infections are not common from Bihar, India. However, we herewith report one case of fasciolopsiasis from North Bihar, India. A 14 years old girl presented with diarrhea, vomiting, generalized pain abdomen and loss of weight. Routine stool examination and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed fasciolopsis buski in ...
Sauvageau Anny - - 2006
The term Aqua-eroticum was first introduced in 1984 by Sivaloganathan to describe the unusual autoerotic death of a man using submersion as an asphyxia method. This was the first case of that kind, and since then, no other case of autoerotic submersion has been reported, nor other autoerotic fatality in ...
Shojania K G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic sensitivity is calculated as the number of correct diagnoses divided by the sum of correct diagnoses plus the number of missed or false negative diagnoses. Because missed diagnoses are generally detected during clinical follow up or at necropsy, the low necropsy rates seen in current practice may result ...
Fineschi Vittorio - - 2007
We report two cases of sudden cardiac death (SCD) involving previously healthy bodybuilders who were chronic androgenic-anabolic steroids users. In both instances, autopsies, histology of the organs, and toxicologic screening were performed. Our findings support an emerging consensus that the effects of vigorous weight training, combined with anabolic steroid use ...
Preuss J - - 2006
Homicide with subsequent hiding of the body using setting in concrete or sealing with bricks are rarely seen forensic cases. The article describes the circumstances and findings of six cases in which bodies were encased with concrete and/or bricks. In all cases, the offenders were male, in one case together ...
Kerrigan Sarah - - 2005
Caffeine is a mild central nervous stimulant that occurs naturally in coffee beans, cocoa beans and tea leaves. In large doses, it can be profoundly toxic, resulting in arrhythmia, tachycardia, vomiting, convulsions, coma and death. The average cup of coffee or tea in the United States is reported to contain ...
Ouro-Bang'na Maman A F - - 2005
This study attempts to determine the anaesthetic death rate, the causes of deaths and the avoidable mortality rate (AMR) in consecutive cases. The number of anaesthetics given was 1464: 30 cases died within 24 h. The incidence of 24-h perioperative deaths per 100 anaesthetics was 2.57. In all, 50% of ...
Racette Stéphanie - - 2005
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), also known as arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, is a known cause of sudden unexplained death in young, otherwise healthy adults. In the forensic setting, several cases of fatal ARVC have been reported, mostly occurring during physical exercise. However, a very few cases present where the ...
Kumar G Pradeep - - 2005
The forensic pathologist is responsible for determining the cause, manner and approximate time of death and injury. After recording the detailed description of the external and internal appearances, a short summary should be offered of the major positive findings and their relationship to the cause of death. In many cases ...
Nishitani Yoko - - 2006
An accurate and reliable method of diagnosing death by drowning is an important requirement in forensic autopsies. In this study, we compared the weight ratio of the lungs and pleural effusion to the spleen for 55 cases of drowning (37 males, 18 females), 36 cases of mechanical asphyxiation (16 males, ...
Carrick Christina - - 2005
Asphyxia, not an uncommon cause of sudden death, may result from numerous etiologies. Foreign-body aspiration and strangulation are 2 extrinsic causes. Airway obstruction may also be caused by laryngeal edema, asthma, infection, or anaphylaxis. Chronic causes of asphyxia include musculoskeletal diseases (eg, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), neurologic disorders (eg, ...
Coté Timothy R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A (BTA) (Botox) received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for therapeutic treatment of strabismus and blepharospasm in 1989, cervical dystonia in 2000, and cosmetic treatment of glabellar wrinkles (Botox Cosmetic) in 2002. In 2002 alone there were approximately 1.1 to 1.6 million patients using cosmetic ...
Krous Henry F - - 2005
A 26-day-old male infant who had been fussy and feeding poorly for a period of several hours died suddenly despite efforts at resuscitation. Postmortem examination revealed eosinophilic endomyocarditis unassociated with disease in other organs. The etiology remained unexplained after review of the medical and family histories and circumstances of death, ...
Michalodimitrakis E - - 2005
This review of the literature discusses the evolution of the professional role of the forensic pathologist. This role is defined as that of an expert who mainly assists the legal process of investigating suspicious or unexpected deaths. The forensic pathologist is independent, bringing his expertise to various parts of the ...
Gaillard Yvan - - 2006
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the cause of death of a 13-year-old girl, where none was immediately evident. Our analysis showed it to be a very unusual case of a drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA), which led to the tragic death of the young rape victim and then ...
Verma Satish K - - 2006
Strangulation is one of the common modes of violent asphyxias. Frequently, the deaths from strangulation are homicidal in nature. To study the pattern of the strangulation deaths in the capital city of Delhi, a retrospective analysis of 10 years records from the period 1993-2002 was undertaken in the department of ...
Gerevich József - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The authors present a case illustrating a mechanism leading directly to death which is not rare but has received little attention. CASE PRESENTATION: The case was evaluated by autopsy, investigation of morphine concentration in the blood, and clinical data. The heroin dose causing the 'overdose' death of a young ...
Bhardwaj D N - - 2005
Any change produced, or feature introduced, in a body after death which is accidentally or physiologically unrelated to the natural state of the body is termed as an artefact. Since artefacts may lead to misinterpretation of post-mortem findings, it is important to rule them out. Artefacts may be produced for ...
Salkade H P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is an important sporadic zoonotic disease caused by the spirochete Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae . The disease becomes a major public health problem, particularly during the monsoon months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of autopsy findings of 62 cases of clinically suspected leptospirosis was carried out to identify the pathology and ...
Sukontason Kabkaew L - - 2005
We report a forensic entomology case associated with human myiasis in Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. The remains of a 53-yr-old-male were concurrently infested with third instars of the two blow fly species, Chrysomya megacephala (F.) and Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), near a severe tumor lesion presented on the lower right ...
Yadav Jayanthi - - 2005
Sudden unexpected death in many instances comes with stimulating or interesting findings, often in contrast to the history provided. Two cases of sudden death in pregnant females with central venous thrombosis are described, because of their rarity. The incidence, etiological factors, predisposing conditions and the ethical and legal questions arising ...
Knight Laura D - - 2005
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), the toxic gas associated with the smell of "rotten eggs," is an important cause of work-related sudden death. The gas is particularly insidious due to the unpredictability of its presence and concentration and its neurotoxicity at relatively low concentrations, causing olfactory nerve paralysis and loss of the ...
Breitmeier Dirk - - 2005
The lingual tonsillar hyperplasia (LTH) is a rare and dangerous condition of the upper airway because it is one of several risks during intubation which can cause serious complications like cardiac arrest, cerebral anoxia, and death. The LTH is rarely detectable during a routine oropharyngeal examination. The lingual tonsil is ...
Rani Mukta - - 2005
Acetylene is an inflammable gas commonly used for welding in small-scale industries. We present a case of a 34-year-old male welder who died following injuries sustained from explosion of an acetylene gas-welding cylinder. In this case report, we discuss the circumstances leading to the explosion of the welding cylinder, the ...
James H - - 2005
The boxing day tsunami of 26 December 2004 caused devastation and loss of life around the Indian ocean. International disaster victim identification efforts were centred in Thailand, with many odontologists from over 20 countries contributing to the examination of deceased, collection of antemortem information, comparison and reconciliation of data. The ...
Marcus E L - - 2005
We present a case in which a 40 year old woman, who was the primary care-giver of her 78 year-old mother, provided a strict vegan diet which caused the mother severe malnutrition. The mother was hospitalized with severe functional deterioration and, while eating a proper diet during hospitalization, gained weight ...
Bockholdt B - - 2005
Petechial hemorrhages or ecchymoses in the skin of the face and/or in eyelids and/or conjunctivae are one important feature in postmortem diagnosis of lethal strangulation. On the other hand, petechial bleedings can occur in various causes of death, especially in cases of neck or thoracic compression, they can occur in ...
Cekin Necmi - - 2005
The objective of this study is to determine the characteristics of and changes in the medicolegal childhood deaths that occurred in the provincial center of Adana, and to contribute to the establishment of a database for the development of national and international policies. The study is a retrospective research examining ...
Wilson Christopher I - - 2005
Forensic pathologists are very familiar with deaths due to ethanol intoxication. The overwhelming majority of these deaths are a result of the oral ingestion of ethanol. We report an unusual case of an individual who expired in his secured residence after self administration of a wine enema. Toxicology showed an ...
Krous Henry F - - 2005
Sudden unexplained death in childhood (SUDC) is rare, with a reported incidence in the United States of 1.5 deaths per 100,000 live births compared with 56 deaths per 100,000 live births for sudden infant death syndrome in 2001. The objectives of this study include a proposal for a general definition ...
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