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Wankhede Ashesh Gunwantrao - - 2007
It is the first reported case, in which death occurred due to asphyxia by choking in a victim of throttling. When an alcoholic hemophilic patient was throttled, he became unconscious. On regaining consciousness he died after approximately 16 h due to sub-mucosal collection of extravasated blood which blocked his upper ...
Schellenberg Morgan - - 2007
Autoerotic deaths are normally classified as accidental deaths occurring during individual, and usually solitary, sexual activity in which a device, apparatus, or prop used to enhance sexual stimulation of the deceased somehow causes unintended death. The most common methods of autoerotic practices are asphyxia by hanging, ligature, plastic bag, chemical ...
Gips Hadas - - 2007
This paper presents the case of 52-year-old man who died in an attempt to prove factitious allegations of persecution. To the best of our knowledge, there are no other reported cases of a self-inflicted, long-distance gunshot injury causing death. We discuss other cases of crime-scene "staging" and review the literature ...
Byard Roger W - - 2007
Diogenes syndrome is a syndrome described in the clinical literature in elderly individuals characterized by social isolation and extreme squalor. A number of typical features are found in the forensic evaluation of these deaths as the cases usually initiate medicolegal investigations due to the circumstances and the lack of recorded ...
Minerbo Marion - - 2007
Since Freud formulated the death instinct concept, it has received widely diverse interpretations. Even Freud advanced two versions. The concomitant analyses of two films, "Ai no Corrida" (1976) [ In the realm of the senses (1977)] and "Broken Flowers" (2005) evince Thanatos's two faces: the cold death of decathexis of ...
Gruszecki Amy C - - 2007
Medical examiner offices vary in the extent to which they pursue postmortem toxicology. Our office routinely tests decedents for ethanol and drugs of abuse, and we decided to evaluate the usefulness of our practice. We reviewed 1180 medical examiner cases examined in 2002-2003. History and scene investigation indicated that alcohol ...
Matschke Jakob - - 2007
Intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are cerebrovascular abnormalities due to maldevelopment of the regional capillary bed, producing lesions with arteriovenous shunting. AVMs may account for as many as 1% of all sudden deaths; however, case reports in the literature are exceedingly rare. We present 3 cases of sudden death due to ...
Dunbar Nancy M - - 2007
A 10-year review of records of the King County Medical Examiner's Office found 87 deaths due to necrotizing fasciitis and related necrotizing soft tissue infections. In 64 of these cases there were sufficient details to provide an analysis of the manifestations, microbiology, and source of infection. One half (32) of ...
Jumbelic Mary I - - 2007
The cases presented here are an unrecognized source of accidental asphyxia--compression of the neck by barbells. Two cases of traumatic asphyxia due to this preventable hazard occurred in a 5-year period in central New York. There have been at least 11 similar deaths reported to the United States Consumer Product ...
Mackey-Bojack Shannon - - 2007
The failure of medical examiners/coroners (ME/C) to allow heart valve donation is a major problem encountered by tissue agencies. Even though many ME/C favor tissue donation they remain responsible for determination of cause and manner of death. In 2001, the Jesse E. Edwards Registry of Cardiovascular Disease was approached by ...
Schoendorff Patrice - - 2007
Despite a large body of literature on autoerotic deaths, there are very few articles focusing on the ethical aspect of such deaths. Furthermore, as far as we know, there is no paper that has studied the forensic teams' reactions to those deaths. We present three cases of autoerotic death involving ...
De Giorgio Fabio - - 2007
We describe a death in a hospital wardrobe of a 40-year-old male suffering from HIV infection and lobar pneumonia. On the basis of circumstantial evidence and autopsy findings we conclude that the cause of death was asphyxia in a confined space as a result of several pathomechanical factors. As well ...
Azmak Ali Derya - - 2007
The aim of this study is to evaluate the characteristics of sudden natural deaths (SND) in forensic autopsy cases which were performed in Trakya University Department of Forensic Medicine, Edirne, Turkey. For each case, a complete autopsy, toxicological screening and histological examination were performed. Deaths due to unnatural causes, alcohol, ...
Capovilla Mathieu - - 2007
We describe an original case of drowning in a wax tank in an industrial setting. The causes of death were multiple, with the association of drowning, mechanical asphyxia, and extensive superficial burns. To our knowledge, it is the first report of drowning in wax, and only 7 previous related observations ...
Christiansen Lydia R - - 2007
Although unexpected natural deaths comprise a large proportion of the cases seen in the forensic setting, the investigation of these cases remains a unique challenge. Some cases are straightforward; however, others require special examination and dissections, as well as the use of special dissections and ancillary studies. For the forensic ...
Wallace Robert F - - 2007
Previous evidence suggests that severe heat illness may cause permanent acute damage to the heart, kidneys, and liver, which may possibly lead to chronic and even fatal disorders. We investigated whether individuals who had been hospitalized for severe heat illness were at increased risk of cause-specific and total mortality. A ...
Verma S K - - 2007
The incidence of pediatric and adolescent deaths due to unnatural means is increasing. Fatal strangulation constitutes a significant group of violent deaths. The characteristics of pediatric and adolescent involvement has been rarely studied. In the present study, a cohort of 28 cases of pediatric and adolescent strangulation deaths was analyzed. ...
Ng C Y - - 2007
AIMS: This study profiles patients aged 70 years or above dying suddenly of an 'acute abdomen' and investigates the specific features associated with the conditions and their diagnoses. METHODS: A retrospective study using data obtained from autopsy and police reports held in the Forensic Medicine Section of the University of ...
Krous Henry F - - 2007
The differentiation of SIDS from accidental or inflicted suffocation may be impossible without corroborating findings from the death scene or autopsy or in the absence of a confession from a perpetrator. Pulmonary intra-alveolar hemorrhage (PH) has been proposed as a potential clue to suffocation, but none of the previous studies ...
Norris Robert L - - 2007
Fatalities following rattlesnake bite are rare in the United States, usually occur some hours following the bite, and are generally secondary to direct venom effects. We report a patient with acute syncope and subsequent massive aspiration resulting in airway obstruction and rapid death following a probable Northern Pacific rattlesnake (Crotalus ...
Burke Christopher J - - 2007
The aim of this study was to investigate the causes of intrapartum asphyxia and its relationship to placental abnormalities. Twenty intrapartum fetal death autopsies carried out over a 10-year period in one hospital pathology department associated with a large obstetric unit were reviewed. All the intrapartum fetal deaths occurred in ...
Beaver Randy L - - 2007
Data were compiled and analyzed on the estimated frequency and characteristics of deaths related to on-farm manure storage and handling facilities for the period of 1975 through 2004. Sources included published government reports, national and local media, on-line searches, published farm fatality reports, and prior litigation. No prior research was ...
Sowell Matthew W - - 2007
An otherwise healthy male infant was brought to the hospital because the mother suspected superficial infection at the operative site 5 days after an inguinal hernia repair. He was admitted to the pediatric unit overnight to be evaluated by his surgeon the next morning. When a venous infusion of maintenance ...
Definis-Gojanović Marija - - 2007
The circumstances which lead to divers' death in Split-Dalmatian County in eleven-year period (1994-2004) were analyzed. The data were extracted from the files of autopsy reports of the Department of Forensic Medicine, Split University Hospital and School of Medicine, and the police reports of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Split-Dalmatian ...
Petzold Axel - - 2007
Identifying marathon runners at risk of neurological deterioration at the end of the race (within a large cohort complaining of exhaustion, dehydration, nausea, headache, dizziness, etc.) is challenging. Here we report a case of rehydration-related hyponatraemia with ensuing brain herniation. We report the death of runner in his 30's who ...
Konopka Tomasz - - 2007
In this study, we present 23 cases of dismembered bodies examined by the Cracow Department of Forensic Medicine in 1968-2005 period. Presented material includes 17 instances of defensive mutilation, three instances of offensive mutilation and two cases when dismemberment (decapitation) was a direct cause of death. One case is hard ...
Natarajan Balakrishnan - - 2006
Syncope, although common among the general population, is rare among athletes. Syncope can result from any one of several causes. The majority of cases are due to neurocardiogenic syncope, without the potential for sudden death, and due to a sudden reduction in venous return. Cardiac syncope may be due to ...
Biedrzycki O J - - 2006
TB-related sudden death (TBRSD) is rarely reported in the literature and in the majority of cases is due to bronchopneumonia and hemoptysis. Cardiac complications of tuberculosis causing sudden death can take many forms and are rarer still, with only a handful of cases reported. We describe a case of a ...
Campbell Christina J - - 2006
I report three cases of coalitionary aggression by adult male black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi) against subadult males within their community on Barro Colorado Island (BCI), Panama. Two of these cases were followed by the disappearance and presumed death of the victim. Similar behavior was recently reported by Valero et ...
Diaz Francisco J - - 2006
This paper reviews 72 cases of death caused by myocarditis between the years 1996 and 2004, autopsied at the Office of the Wayne County Medical Examiner in Michigan. Myocarditis as a cause of sudden and unexpected death represented 1.3% of all natural deaths in Wayne County during said period. The ...
de Voogt Alexander J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Midair collisions are destructive to aircraft and often fatal to occupants, with the additional possibility of death and destruction on the ground. We sought to determine the characteristics of civil aviation mid-air collisions in U.S. airspace with focus on the altitudes at which the collisions took place and radio ...
Ullah Khalil - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of autopsy findings in the quality improvement of patients care. DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Departments of Pathology and Medicine, Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Kharian, a tertiary care hospital, from January 2001 to December 2003. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and ...
Anders Sven - - 2007
Mitral valve prolapse syndrome (MVPS) is a relatively common disorder of the mitral valve and most cases take a benign clinical course. Only a subset of patients develop severe clinical symptoms such as arrhythmia, insufficiency of the mitral valve or infective endocarditis. As a consequence, sudden death might occur in ...
Mai Hoa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mycotic arteritis and/or aneurysms are infrequent complications of renal transplantation. They are mostly secondary to bacterial infection and rarely to Candida albicans. We report four cases of mycotic arteritis due to C. albicans after renal transplantation but which have been inoculated during organ harvesting or conservation. METHODS: In all ...
Nishio Hajime - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mutations of the cardiac ryanodine receptor type 2 (RyR2) gene are known to cause effort-induced polymorphic ventricular arrhythmia, syncope and sudden death. METHODS AND RESULTS: The possible mutations in the RyR2 gene were examined in 18 autopsy cases of sudden unexplained death (SUD). Two cases were found to have ...
Nakajima Katsuyuki - - 2007
We have previously reported that plasma levels of remnant-like lipoprotein particles (RLP) significantly increased in sudden cardiac death cases with and without coronary atherosclerosis. In this study we have elucidated the major subset of proatherogenic RLP, containing both apoB-48 and apoB-100-carrying remnants, in plasma of SCD and control death cases. ...
Cox Dawn - - 2006
Diethyl ether (ether) is a volatile liquid that was used in the 1800s as an anesthetic agent; however, it is no longer used for this purpose, partly because of its odor and flammability. Two postmortem cases in which ether was detected are presented. The first case was an 18-year-old male ...
Strote Jared - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The Taser is an electric weapon capable of releasing significant amounts of electricity in rapid pulses, causing uncontrollable muscle contraction. Use of this weapon has dramatically increased over the past decade, and it is now commonly used by law enforcement officers nationwide. Emergency medical services providers are, likewise, seeing ...
Anderson D - - 2006
Duloxetine (Cymbalta) is manufactured by Eli Lilly and Company and is the newest antidepressant to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Duloxetine is a potent serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor that is also used for the management of pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. With the introduction ...
Hanzlick Randy - - 2006
Medical examiner and coroner offices occasionally respond to "death scenes" which, after investigation, are found to involve nonhuman remains or other relics not requiring further investigation or certification of death. This report describes such cases encountered by the Fulton County medical examiner during 2003 and 2004. The electronic database used ...
Gallagher Mark Michael - - 2006
The presence of an abnormally short QT interval has been noted among survivors of idiopathic ventricular fibrillation and among close relatives of victims of unexplained sudden death. Most reported cases have had rate-corrected QT (QTc) intervals of <300 ms. The prevalence of such values in the community has not been ...
Wideman Wendy L - - 2006
Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been associated with conjunctivitis, enteritis, pneumonia, septicemia, sudden death, and abortion in chinchillas. This case report describes an unusual clinical presentation and diagnosis of P. aeruginosa otitis media and interna with neurologic manifestations. To our knowledge, this clinical presentation has not been reported previously in chinchillas.
Brown Mary Jean - - 2006
From 2003 to 2005, deaths of 3 individuals as a result of cardiac arrest caused by hypocalcemia during chelation therapy were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Two were children, both of whom were treated with edetate disodium. At the time of this writing, the adult case ...
Saint-Martin Pauline - - 2006
This retrospective study examined homicides in two French departments located in the West of France (Indre-et-Loire and Loir-et-Cher) for a four-year period from 2000 to 2003. During this period 63 homicidal deaths were investigated at the Institute of Forensic Science of Tours (Indre-et-Loire). There were 45 male and 18 female ...
Esiyok Burcu - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the problems encountered during investigations into causes of death in corpses found in wells, sewer systems and pits, and to seek solutions to the problems. In fact, wells, sewer systems and pits have some common characteristics which may cause the problems. ...
Uchigasaki S - - 2006
In postmortem examination, it is difficult to diagnose pericardial tamponade in a dead body from the findings of conventional external examination alone. However, ultrasonography is a common diagnostic tool for pericardial tamponade in clinical practice. We studied the postmortem diagnosis of pericardial tamponade at external examination level by applying an ...
Brundage John F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess how numbers and age distributions of cases and deaths during an influenza pandemic in the United States would potentially vary from those during the 1918-1919 pandemic, given the same virulence of the pandemic strain. METHODS: Influenza cases and deaths in two referent populations (U.S. residents in 1917 ...
Rao Nageshkumar G - - 2006
A case of self-injected insulin intoxication with an oral hypoglycaemic agent glipizide overdose in a type-II/non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) individual, a physician by profession, is presented with a review of the literature. The case demonstrates the need for thorough scene investigation, perusal of clinical details and complete autopsy to ...
Pham Truc - - 2006
Placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) is a rare condition of placentomegaly and abnormal chorionic villi often clinically mistakenly as partial hydatidiform mole. However, it is clinicopathologically distinct with high incidence of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and fetal death. This study presents 11 new PMD cases and provides a meta-analysis of the ...
Sklerov Jason H - - 2006
Two fatal overdoses of the calcium channel blocker amlodipine are described. Postmortem samples were screened for volatiles and therapeutic and abused drugs. Amlodipine was measured by liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure photoionization-mass spectrometry. The heart blood amlodipine concentrations for the two cases were 2.4 and 0.95 mg/L, and amlodipine was quantified in ...
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