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Mohan Kumar T S - - 2009
Adipocere has a long history of frightening and fascinating mankind, from so called "incorruptible saints" to the famous "iceman" and its formation on human remains has long been known and feared. Adipocere formation replaces the putrefactive changes, when the body lies buried in shallow, moist, clay, soiled grave or it ...
De Giorgio Fabio - - 2010
Congenital coronary anomalies represent a condition often unrecognized in the living and in the dead. Investigating this condition is relevant for both clinicians and pathologists in order to identify potentially unrecognized coronary causes of sudden death. Hypoplastic coronary artery disease (HCAD) is a rare congenital abnormality reported to be associated ...
Peterson David - - 2009
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) continues to be a major source of morbidity and mortality in the United States with an estimated incidence of greater than 600 000 clinically evident cases each year. It results in more than 200 000 deaths per year and is thought to be the number one cause ...
Bottone Frank G - - 2009
ABSTRACT Objective: The authors performed a postmarketing database analysis to evaluate the incidence of cardiovascular and other serious adverse events (SAEs) reported to the US Food and Drug Administration's Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) involving the use of rofecoxib. Research design and methods: The authors studied all adverse events involving ...
Arodiwe E B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the case fatality rate and ultimate causes of death among patients with hypertension-related conditions admitted to an urban tertiary hospital, METHOD: A five-year review of hypertension-related admissions into the medical wards of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, between 1995 and 1999, was undertaken. RESULTS: 7220 ...
Blumenthal Ryan - - 2009
There is a paucity of data with regards to non-lightning, electrical-related injuries in sub-Saharan Africa. A review of the South African medical literature also shows a dearth of electrocution-related information. This study aimed to retrospectively review all high- and low-voltage-electrocution-fatality cases in Gauteng, South Africa for the period 2001-2004. Altogether, ...
Hussein Julia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Factors contributing to the limited use of confidential inquiries into maternal deaths include the negative focus and demotivating effect of such inquiries, perceptions of unavailability of sufficient documentation of events, and lack of time and resources. To ascertain whether these problems can be overcome, variations to confidential inquiries into ...
Lyness James R - - 2009
A review of autopsy reports in cases in which cocaine featured in the cause of death in Northern Ireland revealed that there were 18 deaths between 1(st) January 1999 and 31(st) December 2007. Analysis revealed an increasing incidence of these deaths during the study period and this is compared to ...
Upile T - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Chondrodermatitis nodularis chronica helicis (CNCH) usually presents as a painful nodule affecting the pinna. The aetiology of the disease is unknown. Several theories have been suggested. We suggest a possible explanation based upon pathophysiological treatment correlations to new histopathological evidence. DESIGN: A detailed histopathological review of 16 confirmed cases ...
Clunas Sally - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate an ED death audit process that included deaths occurring within 48 h of admission in addition to deaths in the ED. METHODS: The study was a review of a prospective audit process undertaken in routine clinical practice that included auditing deaths in the ED and deaths of ...
Barton James C JC Southern Iron Disorders Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. - - 2009
Little is known about differences in the prevalence of severe iron overload at death in whites and blacks. We evaluated data and samples from 16,152 autopsies (8484 whites, 7668 blacks) performed at a single university hospital. Cases of severe multi-organ iron overload were identified by review of autopsy protocols and ...
Roll P - - 2009
In the forensic literature only a few scientific reports are dealing with series of histopathological bone marrow (BM) investigations, mainly concerning changes after drug abuse and alcoholic consumption. In a period of 13 years (1995-2008) we routinely investigated 225 BM specimens from anterior iliac crests taken at forensic autopsies if ...
Papadodima S A - - 2010
The diagnosis of the cause and the establishment of the manner of death in submersion cases are routine challenge for forensic pathologists as it presents considerable diagnostic difficulties. To concisely review the main questions during a submersion death investigation and to give the respective documented answers. The search strategy included ...
Windfuhr Jochen P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop strategies that may assist the surgeon to prevent and manage severe bleeding complications after adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Expert reports for malpractice lawsuits or professional boards were reviewed. The review was restricted to "deaths" and "permanent generalized neurological deficiencies." RESULTS: Forty-three cases ...
Steentoft Anni - - 2009
The benzodiazepine clonazepam is a prescription drug used to treat epilepsy and anxiety. In addition, it is frequently used to treat drug addicts and is itself a popular drug of abuse. In this study, we report the incidence and blood concentrations of clonazepam and its metabolite 7-aminoclonazepam in cases referred ...
Kurian K M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Scottish Motor Neurone Disease Register is a population based register of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neurone disease (ALS/MND) in Scotland, with high case ascertainment levels. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cause of death by autopsy and assess grading criteria in a cohort of cases of ALS from the Scottish MND ...
Trotz Max - - 2009
Sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) is defined as the sudden and unexpected death of an infant aged less than 1 year and comprises a heterogeneous group of deaths; in around one-third of cases a definite cause of death is identified at autopsy, while almost two-thirds of such deaths will ...
Henderson Schuyler W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In February, 2007, the Associated Press (AP) conducted a poll of 1,002 adults in the United States about their attitudes towards the war in Iraq. Respondents were remarkably accurate estimating the current death toll of US soldiers, yet were grossly inaccurate in estimating the current death toll of Iraqi ...
Appels C W Y - - 2009
An 84-year old women in no apparent distress suddenly died, unexpectedly, an hour after being notified of having a malignancy. Behavioural scientists have long speculated about the relationship between emotional stress and sudden death. We reviewed the presently available evidence regarding the neurophysiologic mechanisms of sudden death after emotional stress.
Meltzer Eyal - - 2008
Diffuse lymphangiomatosis is a rare idiopathic condition that occurs mostly in children, is characterized by a non-neoplastic proliferation of lymphatic vessels, leading to organ dysfunction, chylous effusions, and death. A closely related condition-the Gorham-Stout syndrome-is also characterized by lymphangiomatosis and chylous effusions, but also with massive osteolytic changes ("vanishing bone ...
Dreyer Gavin - - 2008
Leakage of hemodialysis catheter-locking solutions into the circulation has been reported in in vitro and in vivo studies, although there have been few reports of serious clinical adverse events. We describe a case of heparin leak from a hemodialysis catheter, which caused significant clinical bleeding requiring multiple transfusions and may ...
Tanguay Jeff - - 2009
Sudden unexpected death in the context of bizarre or unusual behavior usually relates to acute drug intoxication or excited delirium. We report the case of a man who died suddenly while running naked on a public street. Although the initial death investigation was indicative of excited delirium or drug intoxication, ...
Hortobágyi Tibor - - 2009
A 15 years old girl of African origin was admitted with a history of headaches and a generalised tonic seizure. Her clinical examination including fundoscopy was normal. She claimed she had been assaulted. Within a few hours of her admission she was found dead in her bed during the ward ...
Mammis Antonios - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the United States, TBI remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children and young adults. A total of 1.5 million Americans experience head trauma every year, and the yearly economic cost of this exceeds $56 billion. The magnitude of this problem has generated a great deal ...
Ingemann-Hansen Ole - - 2008
A survey was done of 307 alleged victims of sexual violence reported to the police departments in Greater Aarhus, Denmark, in 1999-2004. The legal disposition was ascertained and related to victim and assault characteristics together with the forensic medical and laboratory findings. The police pressed charges in more than half ...
Adeagbo Bamidele A - - 2008
The pediatric population has received considerable attention in the forensic community; the youth assailant of homicide, however, is understudied. The authors retrospectively reviewed all cases referred to the Forensic Pathology Section of the Medical University of South Carolina between January 1991 and May 2006. Cases included in the study were ...
Monte Scott V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Isolated reports of neonatal and infant deaths associated with ceftriaxone-calcium precipitation in the lungs and kidneys have prompted a recommendation from the US FDA in June 2007 advising that in patients of all ages, calcium-containing solutions should not be administered simultaneously or within 48 h of the last ceftriaxone ...
Uzün Ibrahim - - 2008
Pericardial defects are rare in childhood and outcome is usually benign. Patients may be asymptomatic, but chest pain, emboli, arrhythmia, and sudden death have been described in the literature. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy who suddenly died after mild exercise. A left-sided pericardial defect with a diameter ...
Wolf Barbara C - - 2008
Aircraft designated for sport or recreational use only, including ultralights, experimental aircraft and light-sport aircraft, have become increasingly popular. Because of their relative safety and the rarity of fatalities resulting from crashes of these aircraft, the forensic literature contains little information concerning the pathologic findings in such deaths. We report ...
Watanabe Satoshi - - 2008
We report the first autopsy case of fatal gastric dilatation without rupture. A 31-year-old woman who lived alone was found dead in her living room. Despite being very thin, she showed marked abdominal distention. Autopsy and histological findings revealed that a severely distended stomach, of which walls notably thin and ...
Saint-Martin Pauline - - 2009
Suicides due to plastic bag asphyxia have been reported in the literature but remain unusual. The circumstances of such deaths are reviewed and illustrated by the case of a 32-year-old male who was found dead in a lorry cab. The remarkable point is that the victim followed instructions from an ...
Mathai Alka Mary - - 2009
Systemic candidiasis is the most frequently encountered opportunistic fungal infection, the kidneys being primarily affected in 80% of the cases. Most of the cases are fatal, diagnosed either very late for effective therapeutic intervention or are documented only at postmortem examination. We, herein, report a case of renal candidiasis in ...
McLachlan H V - - 2008
In their account of passive euthanasia, Garrard and Wilkinson present arguments that might lead one to overlook significant moral differences between killing and letting die. To kill is not the same as to let die. Similarly, there are significant differences between active and passive euthanasia. Our moral duties differ with ...
Hamilton Rebecca A - - 2008
The plasma cell dyscrasias are a diverse group of disorders characterized by the production of a clonal paraprotein. Sudden death is a recognized complication of the plasma cell dyscrasias, most commonly in individuals with cardiac involvement by amyloidosis. However, the current forensic literature has no reported cases in which sudden ...
Griffin Sean M - - 2008
While it is known that diesel fuel combustion engines produce much lower concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) than gasoline engines, these emissions could certainly generate lethal ambient concentrations given a sufficient amount of time in an enclosed space and under suitable environmental conditions. The authors report a case of CO ...
Pakis Isil - - 2008
An autopsy examination is important in identifying the cause of death and as a means of auditing clinical and forensic practice; however, especially in perinatal and infantile age groups determining the cause of death leads to some difficulties in autopsy practice. In this study, 15,640 autopsies recorded during the years ...
Aylor Arden L - - 2008
CONTEXT: The term "End-of-Life Review" is often used by hospice workers in the context of spiritual apparitions or visitations prior to a patient's death. A review of the literature reveals no clear definition or categorization of this expression. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to define the term "End-of-Life ...
Burd Larry - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to estimate the mortality rate in subjects with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and their siblings whose FASD status was unknown. METHODS: We used the state FASD Registry to link subjects with FASD to a North Dakota birth certificate. We were able to link 304 of ...
Crofts J P - - 2008
SETTING: England and Wales, 2001-2002. OBJECTIVE: To obtain a more accurate estimate of tuberculosis (TB) case fatality within 12 months of starting treatment or notification among TB cases reported to the national surveillance system. METHODS: Records of deaths for all TB cases reported to the national surveillance system were identified ...
Morris Luc G T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the background and outcomes of tonsillectomy malpractice claims. METHODS: Review of 69 New York State insurance claims (Part I) and 87 national court trials (Part II) alleging injury after tonsillectomy. RESULTS: Part I. New York State insurance cases were most commonly discontinued (44%) or settled (42%) before ...
Hasselaar Jeroen G J - - 2008
This paper is concerned with the moral justification for palliative sedation until death. Palliative sedation involves the intentional lowering of consciousness for the relief of untreatable symptoms. The paper focuses on the moral problems surrounding the intentional lowering of consciousness until death itself, rather than possible adjacent life-shortening effects. Starting ...
Eren Bülent - - 2008
A 33-year-old man was found 20 Cm upper of the floor, compressed by rubbish container in the elevator in an unusually awkward position. The scene investigation corresponded exactly with the localization of the injuries found in the victim. This is a case of death by thorax compression without other fatal ...
Fenton Todd W - - 2008
We report on the application of video skull-photo superimposition as an identification method in a case from Ajo, Arizona in which five individuals died after crossing into southern Arizona from Mexico. Initial analyses at the Pima County Forensic Science Center in Tucson, Arizona determined that the disarticulated skeletal remains represented ...
Toms Carla - - 2008
Decedents interred in concrete present unique problems and investigation of these deaths necessitates a team of forensic specialists. The Los Angeles County Department of Coroner has had five such deaths in the past 18 years. The buried cases needed layer-by-layer excavation to establish the time and cause of death. Metal ...
Puschner Birgit - - 2008
Anatoxin-a, a toxin produced by several genera of blue-green algae, is considered a potent neurotoxin. Ingestion of water contaminated with the toxin results in acute neurological signs and often death. This report describes fatal cases of anatoxin-a ingestion in 6 dogs, with confirmation of anatoxin-a exposure by liquid chromatography/tandem mass ...
Andrew Thomas A - - 2007
Asphyxial games, as played by young adolescents, and going by various names, are not new phenomena. What seems to be different at present is an increase in lethality introduced by the increasing use of ligatures and "playing" the game alone. The authors present a properly certified but insufficiently appreciated case ...
Byard Roger W - - 2008
Crush asphyxia involving motor vehicles usually occurs when a victim is trapped beneath a vehicle that slips from a jack while being worked on, or beneath a car that has rolled over during a crash. Two cases are reported where crush asphyxia resulted from quite different circumstances. Case 1: A ...
Shields Lisa B E - - 2007
Over the past several years, Medical Examiners in Kentucky and around the nation have observed a dramatic rise in drug intoxication deaths involving the prescription medication methadone. This documented rise in methadone-related deaths requires a better understanding of methadone's pathophysiology and the ways it contributes to significantly increase morbidity and ...
Sauvageau Anny - - 2008
Deaths in a head-down position, mostly accidental events, are rare deaths in which a victim is found in an inverted body posture, with marked congestion of dependent body parts and no definite pathoanatomical cause of death. Such an exclusion diagnosis can only be put forward after elimination of other possible ...
Thach Bradley T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To document deaths attributed to bumper pads and injuries from their use that are potentially preventable. STUDY DESIGN: The US Consumer Product Safety Commission maintains files on cases voluntarily reported to them of deaths and injury related to commercial products. These cases represent an unknown fraction of total occurrences. ...
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