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Bhakhri B K - - 2011
A 7-year-old boy presented with adrenal insufficiency. He subsequently developed venous thrombosis in the limbs and was diagnosed with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) based on clinical and laboratory parameters. Both adrenals were normal on imaging. He required thrombolysis and anticoagulation. The progressive course of PAPS was controlled with methylprednisolone. There ...
Somashekara K G - - 2011
Objective:We present the first reported case of sebaceous adenoma of the palate, to our knowledge.Method:Case report and review of the English language literature, with a focus on the pathological spectrum of sebaceous glands.Case report:A woman presented with a growth on the hard palate, which was excised and examined. Histopathological analysis ...
Gourcerol G - - 2011
Aim:  Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) reduces incontinence episodes and improves the quality of life of patients treated for faecal incontinence. However, the exact mechanism of action of this technique remains unclear. The present article reviews the pertinent neuroanatomy and neurophysiology related to SNS and provides explanations for potential mechanisms of ...
Zhang L J - - 2011
Metanephric adenoma (MA) of the kidney is an uncommon benign epithelial tumour that can present at any age. The histology of the lesion is well established, but imaging findings have been described in only a few cases. We report the CT and ultrasound appearance of MA in two females to ...
Arena S - - 2011
Anterior urethral valves in the fossa navicularis is an exceptionally uncommon causes of lower urinary tract obstruction in newborn. The authors report a case of anterior urethral valves in thefossa navicularis in an 5 days-old boy, that observation of the voided stream revealed a filiform micturition and marked ballooing of ...
German-Mena Edgar - - 2011
Objective: To review the association between congenital adrenal hyperplasia and adrenal myelolipomas and report a case of bilateral, giant adrenal myelolipomas in a patient with untreated congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency.Methods: We present a case report and a review of the relevant English literature concerning patients diagnosed with ...
Harvey Adrian - - 2011
Recurrent and persistent primary hyperparathyroidism remains a significant surgical challenge. Abnormal, hypersecreting parathyroid glands are found in ectopic locations in up to 15% to 20% of patients. A small portion of these ectopic glands will be found in the mediastinum at a location that precludes removal through the traditional cervical ...
Kelesidis Theodoros - - 2011
Although neurocysticercosis is pleomorphic in its presentation, neurocysticercosis of the pituitary gland and hypothalamus is so uncommon that less than 10 cases have been reported in the literature. Hypopituitarism as a complication of neurocysticercosis is exceedingly rare with only 2 cases described in the literature. Herein, the authors describe a ...
Saffari Yasi - - 2011
Sialoblastoma is the most common epithelial tumor of the salivary gland. We report a case of congenital sialoblastoma arising in a minor salivary gland of the buccal mucosa of a male infant. After radiologic evaluation, an incisional biopsy was performed and then the mass was excised en bloc. Histologic features ...
Kalra Arun A - - 2011
Lymphocytic hypophysitis, an autoimmune mediated chronic inflammation of the pituitary gland, is uncommon in children.(1) The usual presentation is with symptoms secondary to pressure from the enlargement of the gland itself and or impairment of pituitary hormones of varying degrees, in conjunction with a sellar mass.( 2,3) In 80% of ...
Zormpa Matina T - - 2011
Myoepitheliomas are extremely rare benign neoplasms of salivary glands. They represent 1-1.5% of all salivary gland tumors. They occur, principally, in the parotid gland and infrequently in minor salivary glands. There are distinct histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of the tumor which aid in the diagnosis. Myoepithelioma of the palate is ...
Mendelson Asher A - - 2010
Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma (SMEC) is an extremely rare variant of mucoepidermoid carcinoma with unique histologic features. To the best of our knowledge, only 14 cases of salivary gland SMEC have been previously reported in the English-language literature since it was discovered in 1987. We report a new case of salivary ...
Munshi Amani G - - 2010
Papillary adenomas of the common bile duct are a rare entity with few published case reports and limited knowledge on its natural progression. We report here a case of common bile duct papillary adenoma in a 69-year-old female who presented with symptoms of common bile duct obstruction. She was treated ...
Stahl Peter J - - 2010
Fertility preservation is feasible in the majority of men. Herein, we review the reproductive toxicities of commonly encountered clinical threats to male fertility, including cancer, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery, and nonmalignant diseases treated with immunosuppression. Other scenarios, in which fertility preservation may be considered, such as Klinefelter syndrome, acute testicular injury, ...
López Martín Leticia - - 2010
We report the case of adrenal gland myelolipoma. The patient was a 29 year old who is diagnosed with an adrenal adenoma during an endocrinology review. He underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy. The pathological study confirmed the diagnosis of adrenal myelolipoma. The myelolipoma is a rare tumor composed of hematopoietic elements in ...
Husillos Alonso Adrian - - 2010
To report a new case of villous adenoma developed in augmentation colocystoplasty. Characterization of a new case and review of the literature published to date. We report the case of a 66 year-old man with a villous adenoma and synchronic infiltrating transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder after augmentation colocystoplasty. ...
Pironi Daniele - - 2010
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, recurrent, debilitating disease that presents with inflamed lesions in the apocrine glands of the body. The most common locations are the axillary, inguinal and anogenital areas. Hidradenitis suppurativa is caused primarily by follicular occlusion with secondary involvement of the apocrine glands. The authors report a ...
Bardhan Pradip - - 2010
In 1999, a review of the literature for 1966-1997 suggested that ≈1.1 million persons die annually of shigellosis, including ≈880,000 in Asia. Our recent review of the literature for 1990-2009 indicates that ≈125 million shigellosis cases occur annually in Asia, of which ≈14,000 are fatal. This estimate for illnesses is ...
Schrag Bettina - - 2011
Forensic pathologists often refer to the cardioinhibitory reflex cardiac arrest (CiRCA) following short neck trauma as a mechanism of death. We sought via a systematic review of the literature to identify circumstances under which carotid bifurcation stimulation could lead to death. Two independent reviewers selected case studies or reports from ...
Levy Richard J RJ Children's National Medical Center, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC 20010. - - 2011
Propofol is a potent intravenous anesthetic agent that rapidly induces sedation and unconsciousness. The potential for propofol dependency, recreational use, and abuse has only recently been recognized, and several cases of accidental overdose and suicide have emerged. In addition, the first documented case of murder using propofol was reported a ...
Benito Begoña - - 2010
Early repolarization, involving ST-segment elevation and, sometimes, prominent J waves at the QRS-ST junction, has been considered a normal electrocardiographic variant for over 60 years. A growing number of case reports and case-control studies indicate that in some instances, early repolarization patterns are associated with increased risk of idiopathic ventricular ...
Palmer Robert B - - 2010
CONTEXT: Fentanyl is a powerful opioid used for the induction of anesthesia as well as for the management of severe pain. In recent years, transdermal fentanyl "patches" have become popular for outpatient management of chronic pain. The high potency and outpatient availability of fentanyl has also made it a highly ...
Tu Emily - - 2011
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most frequent epilepsy-related cause of death and is characterized by an absence of any identifiable cause of death at post-mortem, suggesting an underlying arrhythmogenic predisposition. This study sought to identify SUDEP cases in a review of post-mortem records and to undertake genetic ...
Mullan Theresa M - - 2011
Among the various modes of death due to asphyxiation, drowning is unique. Unlike other types of suffocation associated with occluding airway obstructions (i.e. choking and smothering); with drowning, there is typically filling and involvement of the majority of the tracheobronchial tree and aerodigstive tract. Although the usual drowning medium is ...
Ibrahim O O K - - 2010
Colorectal polyps especially the adenomas are recognized precursors of colorectal carcinoma. Identification and removal of such polyps before malignant transformation could reduce the burden of colorectal carcinoma. To document the demography and the histopathological types ofcolorectal polyps received by the Department of Pathology of University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital over ...
Lyness James R - - 2010
Air embolism is a rare but well-recognized cause of sudden death during pregnancy or in the puerperium. Many of the cases described in the medical literature are associated with sexual activities, in particular following air insufflation during orogenital sex. This case report describes the sudden death from air embolism of ...
Clément Renaud - - 2010
In cases of hanging, the exact mechanism leading to death has yet to be elucidated. Most of our contemporary knowledge is still based on writings from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. This article reviews the historic experiments that shaped our current theories. Medico-legal ...
Sunnassee Ananda - - 2011
Myocardial bridging (MB) refers to a congenital condition where a segment of a major coronary artery courses within the myocardium for a variable distance, and has been reported as an incidental finding in many cases. However, in some situations it has been shown to be associated with acute coronary syndromes, ...
Anselm Obi O - - 2010
Acute urinary retention in adolescent females is rare, just like imperforate hymen. We present a case of acute urinary retention secondary to imperforate hymen in a 14-year-old Nigerian girl. Its diagnosis and treatment are discussed with a brief review of literature. We highlight the need for a thorough evaluation in ...
Ernst E - - 2010
The aim of this study was to summarise all cases in which chiropractic spinal manipulation was followed by death. This study is a systematic review of case reports. Literature searches in four electronic databases with no restrictions of time or language. Death. Twenty six fatalities were published in the medical ...
Solarino Biagio - - 2011
"Autoerotic asphyxia" typically involves an individual hanging or ligature, resulting in self-induced oxygen deprivation brought about by neck compression during sexual activity. Little about the so-called "atypical forms" of autoerotic asphyxia, which also involve compression of the chest or abdomen, has been published in forensic literature. When death results from ...
Downes M R - - 2010
Sudden death is the sudden and unexpected death of an individual within 24 hours of symptom onset. The vast majority of these cases are found, at autopsy, to be due to underlying ischaemic cardiac disease. We retrospectively reviewed all adult post mortems performed at Beaumont Hospital over a decade (1999-2008). ...
Shetty B Suresh Kumar - - 2010
Forensic pathologists can help in the investigation of sudden unexpected deaths in co-operation with the officials responsible for the maintenance of law and order to administer justice. Sudden unexpected deaths form the subject of medicolegal investigation if they occur in apparently healthy individuals, wherein an autopsy would shed light regarding ...
Zeba Ivica - - 2010
Scuba diving has become increasingly popular in the last 20 yr. Although it is considered safe, accidents, sometimes with fatal outcomes, do occur. The incidence of diving-related CNS barotrauma is low and it has been reported very infrequently. The clinical presentation may range from minimal dysesthesias to complete quadriplegia, encephalopathy, ...
Van Tilburg Christopher - - 2010
Non-avalanche-related snow immersion death (NARSID), or snow immersion asphyxiation, is a significant winter mountain hazard for skiers and snowboarders. This phenomenon occurs predominately in western North America, where large tree wells and deep snowpacks develop. Although statistics are difficult to procure, snow immersion asphyxiation has resulted in more than 70 ...
Boghossian Elie - - 2010
There are still several areas of forensic pathology mainly based on tradition, with textbooks explaining and describing common knowledge that is not supported by modern research data. This study is intended to contribute to evidence-based data on nonchemical suffocation deaths in the forensic population aged more than 1 year. From ...
Lingamfelter Daniel C - - 2010
Cocaine is associated with many health complications including gastrointestinal ischemia/infarction, and hemorrhage. The clinical medical literature describes such entities, but no case exists within the forensic literature describing life-threatening intraluminal gastrointestinal hemorrhage and sudden death associated with cocaine. A 48-year-old black man died suddenly in his home, with drug paraphernalia ...
Ramalho Leandra N Z - - 2010
Benign tumors of the esophagus are rare but can lead be fatal when aspirated into the upper airway. Here, we describe a sudden death due to aspiration of a fibrovascular polyp supported by a review of 11 cases from the literature.
Hwang Jae Chan - - 2010
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common condition that often leads to death or disability. Accurate prediction of the outcome and decisions regarding the treatment of ICH patients are important issues. We report a case of thalamic hemorrhage with an intraventricular hemorrhage that was suddenly migrated into the third and ...
Brodie Lisa Ruth - - 2010
This study aims to examine fatalities resulting from tree felling and related activities in Victoria, Australia, involving work and do-it-yourself (DIY) activities, 1992-2007. Case identification was undertaken using coronial databases. A manual review of coroners' findings of closed cases was performed. Data collected and examined comprised demographics, occupation, incident location, ...
Gips Hadas - - 2010
Sudden death of cardiac patients related to sexual activity has been widely reported in the medical and forensic literature, specifically of male partners in heterosexual relationships, usually with extramarital partners. We present a unique case of a 46 year old woman who died during a sexual encounter with her lover. ...
Chong Yosep - - 2010
Skene's glands, also known as paraurethral glands, are homologues of the male prostate, in which painless cystic masses and inflammation due to obstruction have been rarely found and reported. In addition, there have been rare reported cases of adenocarcinoma of Skene's glands. Recently, the authors experienced the first case of ...
Arunachalam Pavai - - 2010
We report two cases of plunging ranula, which had recurred after marsupialization. Both were successfully treated by removal of the ipsilateral sublingual gland. A brief review of the literature regarding the treatment options is presented.
Lu Tsung-Hsueh - - 2010
The systematic collection of high-quality mortality data is a prerequisite in designing relevant drowning prevention programmes. This descriptive study aimed to assess the quality (i.e., level of specificity) of cause-of-death reporting using ICD-10 drowning codes across 69 countries. World Health Organization (WHO) mortality data were extracted for analysis. The proportion ...
Gok Faysal - - 2010
Congenital absence or hypoplasia of some or all major salivary or lacrimal glands, nasolacrimal ducts, and puncta is a rare autosomal dominant disorder. Phenotypical expression may show great variability, and the diagnosis may be difficult. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. This report describes a patient ...
Gurey Lowell E - - 2010
To describe an unusual location for a common benign salivary gland neoplasm. Case report and literature review. We describe an unusual lesion found in the infratemporal fossa on computed tomography of the facial skeleton, including the clinical presentation, workup, and surgical approach. A complete PubMed search of atypical presentations of ...
De-Giorgio Fabio - - 2010
We report a rare case of ostial plication as a potential cause of sudden death. Very few reports and images are available in the specialized literature regarding this anomaly. Ostial plication may be a source of sudden death or cause of death when no other significant autopsy findings are present.Ostial ...
Solarino Biagio - - 2010
Nicotine, a lipid-soluble alkaloid obtained from the dried leaves of Nicotiana, is most frequently encountered in tobacco products for smoking, chewing or sniffing as well as in a limited number of pesticides. Though nicotine is one of the most toxic drugs of abuse, it has rarely led to fatalities. Sudden ...
Gonin Julie - - 2009
The case of an unusual homicidal cardiac contusion is described. A previously healthy 24-year-old woman suddenly died after being kicked on the chest by her boyfriend. A forensic autopsy was performed showing no external sign of thoracic trauma. An hemopericardium and a cardiac contusion of the basal and posterior surface ...
Macleod A D Sandy - - 2009
A lightening, or clearing, of the mental state in the hours or days before death, particularly in those delirious, is occasionally noted by those caring for the dying. Similar phenomena have been described in the natural world and in classical literature. This brief period of lucidity is generally followed by ...
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