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Byrd J H - - 1997
Although no formal accident data reference system exists, the cave diving deaths in Florida from 1962-1991 and 1995-July 1996 (data for 1992-1994 were unavailable) is reviewed. These cases reveal that the number of diver fatalities is cyclical in nature with a periodicity of eight years. Because we are currently only ...
Rohrig T P - - 1997
Sudden death due to the inhalation of halogenated hydrocarbons is a well-documented phenomenon in the scientific and medical literature. Recently, there has been sporadic information suggesting that nonhalogenated hydrocarbons may cause potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias. This report documents five sudden deaths due to inhalation of nonhalogenated hydrocarbons: n-butane, isobutane and ...
Williams J O - - 1997
AIMS: To establish criteria for the information to be included in a necropsy report, and to improve the quality of necropsy reporting in the Anglia Region. METHODS: Discussion between Anglia histopathologists, based on the guidelines of the Royal College of Pathologists, led to a consensus about the ideal content of ...
Williams J O - - 1997
AIM: To examine current practice and to establish criteria for the use of histopathology in necropsy practice. METHODS: During an audit of necropsy reporting, consensus could not be reached about the use of routine histopathology. Therefore local guidelines were formulated and current practice was compared with these guidelines. Fifteen consecutive ...
Harrus S - - 1997
A sudden death due to Paragonimus kellicotti infection in a dog that had had no previous clinical signs of illness until the day of admission to the veterinary hospital is documented. The clinical, haematological and biochemical abnormalities, as well as postmortem findings, are presented. This report represents the first case ...
Byard R W - - 1997
Three cases of unexpected childhood death are presented in which significant potentially life-threatening lesions were identified that were considered coincidental to the cause of death. Two children died of accidental asphyxia and one died of potassium fluoride poisoning. Abnormalities identified at autopsy included established myocarditis (two cases) and cardiac rhabdomyomas ...
Bennani F K - - 1997
Sudden unexpected death in young adults of 18-35 years account for an important subset of deaths in our autopsy population. The case notes and autopsy reports in 44 subjects were analysed during the period 1985-94 at the Department of Histopathology, University College Hospital, Galway to establish the underlying cause of ...
Ahuja K K - - 1997
This paper describes the first pregnancy in a childless widow after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment with her deceased husband's spermatozoa which had been stored for nearly 3 years before use. Before his death the husband had received treatment for testicular cancer and he had given the appropriate written consent ...
Agapitos E - - 1997
Archival material and clinical data of 10 autopsy cases of Leigh's disease (LS), aged from 44 days to 9 years at death, were reviewed. Development delay, irregular respiration, feeding difficulty, and abnormal eye signs were the most common symptoms. Seizures (five of ten cases) were also frequent. In most patients, ...
Stumpp J W - - 1997
We report an unusual case of a 17-year-old girl who died in an filled bathtub. There were at least two attacks of unconsciousness in her premortem history. In April 1994, electrocardiography had shown an incomplete right bundle branch block. At autopsy, unspecific signs of drowning and hypoplasia of the terminal ...
Levine B - - 1997
Four postmortem cases are reported in which the analgesic drug tramadol was identified. Tramadol is an alkaline extractable drug and elutes from a HP-5 column without the need for derivatization. Two metabolites of tramadol, N-desmethyl and O-desmethyl tramadol were also identified. Heart blood concentrations of tramadol in the four cases ...
Izenberg S D - - 1997
A neural network is a computerized construct consisting of input neurons (which process input data) connected to hidden neurons (to mathematically manipulate values they receive from all the input neurons) connected to output neurons (to output a prediction). Neural networks are created and trained via multiple iterations over data with ...
Eagle C C - - 1997
The structure and function of the Anaesthesia Mortality Committee of Western Australia are described. Reports of 500 deaths from 1990 to 1995 are analysed and discussed. The Committee determined that, in 21 cases, anaesthesia played a significant part in the death of the patient. These cases are further analysed. Deaths ...
Betz P - - 1997
A comparison of patterns of injuries between homicides and cases of dyadic death was performed. In 195 homicides, 139 deceased (71%) showed exclusively one type of trauma (mainly gunshot wounds) whereas two and even three types of trauma were detectable in 45 (23%) and 11 (6%) of the cases, respectively. ...
Hussain M - - 1996
The term dowry cannibalism is used in this article to describe a unique case where the motive for cannibalism was the non-fulfilment of a husband's dowry demands from his wife. The husband was accused by the wife of regularly using a syringe to withdraw blood from her, with the intent ...
Gondring W H - - 1996
This is a review of the literature concerning the epidemiology and natural history of land mine deaths and injuries among civilian as well as military populations. Included is a case report involving the wounding and treatment of a member of the Croatian armed forces who stepped on and detonated a ...
van der Wal G - - 1996
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, a notification procedure for physician-assisted death has been in use since 1991. It requires doctors to report each case to the coroner, who in turn notifies the public prosecutor. Ultimately, the Assembly of Prosecutors General decides whether to prosecute. Although physician-assisted death remains technically illegal, doctors ...
Fukunaga T - - 1996
Two autopsy cases of men who died while connecting a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) pipe are reported. Their blood concentrations of propane (the main content of LPG) were 0.12 and 3.40 mg/100 g, respectively. The cause of death after exposure of LPG has generally been considered to be asphyxia from ...
VanDenburg S - - 1996
Even though the use of electricity is an integral part of our lives, the number of accidents and deaths related to electricity is on the decline. This is due to increased awareness of electrical hazards and, in large part, to increased inclusion of safety mechanisms by manufacturers. However rare, electrical ...
Rodrigues D L - - 1996
The domestic pig (Sus scrofa domestica L.) has been wild breeding in the Varzea Amazonian Estuary area. Without dietary supplement or medical prevention, the pigs survive, bringing economic benefits to local peasants. Endoparasitic diseases generate economic losses because of neonatal death and clinical disease. We assessed the nematoda (O. Nematoda) ...
Maisel J A - - 1996
We report the case of a young, previously healthy woman who was brought to the emergency department in cardiac arrest and who died despite resuscitative efforts. An autopsy revealed the cause of death to be sarcoidosis of the brain stem and cerebellum with secondary obstructive hydrocephalus. Neurosarcoidosis presenting as sudden ...
Lau G - - 1996
An earlier retrospective, clinicopathological review of 132 perioperative Coroner's autopsies (excluding cases of preoperative major trauma), conducted by the Department of Forensic Medicine during the period from January 1989 to December 1991, showed that such cases accounted for an average of 2% of all Coroner's autopsies performed during that time. ...
Kennedy A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To establish the number of fatal pedal cycle accidents occurring in the Sheffield and Barnsley area, UK, and to investigate the possible benefits of helmet wearing by cyclists. DESIGN: All medicolegal investigations into fatal road traffic accidents in the areas of Sheffield and Barnsley (total population 757,300) were reviewed ...
Millard P S - - 1996
To describe the clinical and demographic characteristics of fatal hepatitis due to single-drug isoniazid preventive therapy for tuberculosis, we did a survey of cases from state health departments, published case reports, and reports to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from 1970 to 1992. Of 108 reported cases, some ...
Mathew P K - - 1996
Tribal warfare is a way of life in the highlands of Papua New Guinea. In earlier times direct confrontation with bushknives and axes, and shooting with bows and arrows were common. In recent years there have not been as many instances of direct confrontation with bushknives and axes, but the ...
Yip K M - - 1996
In modern medicine, there are very few infectious disease processes occurring in the foot that can cause death within 48 hr. and have an overall mortality rate of 50% despite appropriate antibiotic and surgical treatment. Such a condition must be regarded as being potentially deadly. The authors report a case ...
McCormick F C - - 1996
A review of renal histology from 44 neonatal and pediatric autopsies, all with documented intensive hospital courses, identified 8 cases showing varying degrees of microscopic calcium deposition. Histochemical and x-ray spectroscopic microanalysis showed that all eight cases contained intratubular deposits of calcium oxalate, and two cases contained both oxalate and ...
Lee Y J - - 1996
Hypoxic encephalopathy is rarely mentioned as a cause of neurogenic diabetes insipidus (DI) in children. We here report six cases of DI which occurred after severe hypoxic/ischaemic brain damage and include a review of the literature on 28 paediatric cases of neurogenic DI due solely to severe hypoxia/ischaemia. Airway obstruction, ...
Wellford A L - - 1996
Intracardiac residual air after open-heart surgery may carry a significant risk of embolization with associated morbidity and death. We hereby report two cases of retained intracardiac air detected in an unusual location with transesophageal echocardiography in the superior aspect of the left atrium after completion of standard air-evacuation procedures. Characteristic ...
James D S - - 1996
AIMS: To assess the frequency with which the cause of death on death certificates included the relevant details requested of certifying doctors, especially in deaths due to malignant disease, but also including certain other deaths where specific information would be expected to be included. METHODS: Consecutive series of certificates attributing ...
Warden J C - - 1996
The New South Wales Special Committee Investigating Deaths Under Anaesthesia classified 1503 deaths before full recovery from anaesthesia occurring between 1984 and 1990. 172 deaths were attributed to anaesthesia, including 11 in which the anaesthetic choice or management could not be criticized. In the remaining 161 an average of 1.8 ...
Cooper A J - - 1996
Men who indulge in auto-erotic asphyxial practices are rarely encountered by psychiatrists. More often, they come to light at a coroner's inquest, and a verdict of "accidental death" is usually rendered (e.g., from hanging/suffocation). This paper describes and contrasts three cases of auto-erotic asphyxial practices. The first case, of accidental ...
Nolph K D - - 1996
The relative risks of death for CAPD and HD reported in the literature and at recent meetings most likely reflect case-mix differences and varying percentages of adequately dialyzed patients within the compared populations. A prospective randomized comparison of CAPD and HD patients will be unlikely because of the expense. Therefore, ...
Eth S - - 1996
Death awaits all, leaving in its wake relatives and friends affected by the loss of a loved one. Immediately following death, the funeral process begins, resulting in permanent burial in a cemetery. This report investigates the dysfunctional interactions between grief-stricken relatives and mortuaries that are associated with civil litigation for ...
Avis S P - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Two cases of sudden unexpected deaths in patients with multiple sclerosis were investigated by the Office of The Chief Forensic Pathologist. METHOD: Case studies. RESULTS: Marked similarities of the deaths, including circumstances, scene examination, and autopsy findings including a complete drug screen were recorded. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to high ambient ...
D'Costa G - - 1995
Autopsy was performed on 221 of the 223 neonatal deaths that occurred over a period of 3 years (1989-1991). Clinically active problems at the time of death were identified in a combined clinicopathological approach. Prematurity associated conditions accounted for 51 per cent of deaths. Autopsy alone gave the diagnosis in ...
Dada M A - - 1995
Most cases of sudden unexpected 'natural' death are due to primary disorders of the cardiovascular, respiratory and central nervous system. Sudden death due to a previously undiagnosed malignancy is rare in young, apparently healthy subjects. We report an unusual cause of sudden unexpected death due to pulmonary tumour embolism complicating ...
Fultz N H - - 1995
To determine whether relatives and others can provide valid information about the dates of survey respondents' deaths, informants' reports were compared with death certificates for 328 deceased respondents from the MESA study of older adults. About two-thirds (64.6%) of the informants accurately reported the complete date of death. A somewhat ...
Antonicelli L - - 1995
We describe the case of a 40 year old woman, who had suffered from asthma since infancy, with a negative case history of asthma induced by aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) agents, who died after ingesting 400 mg of ibuprofen. The autopsy specimens collected 3 months after death had all ...
Cooke C T - - 1995
We present a review of the circumstances and medical findings of 280 fatalities due to hanging in Western Australia (WA) during the 5 yr period 1988-1992. Two hundred and forty one (241) of the cases were examined prospectively; the completed Coroner's files of a further 39 cases, from rural WA, ...
Ramsay D A - - 1995
Sudden death can occur in drunk individuals who are severely beaten about the face. The structural basis for this forensic syndrome is unknown. We herein describe the case of an intoxicated 23-year-old man (blood alcohol 234 mg%, 51 mmol/l) who was involved in an altercation and received blows and kicks ...
Dolan M - - 1995
A case report illustrates possible pathophysiological mechanisms of sudden death in psychiatric patients. Difficulties with the tendency to implicate phenothiazines as the cause of death are discussed in light of evidence that the death investigation and autopsy are often incomplete. Some suggestions are made to reduce the risk of a ...
Goudevenos J A - - 1995
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) has not been investigated separately in Greece. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological characteristics of people dying suddenly out of hospital in an area of Greece. In 1990, a population based study was started to detect the cases of people dying suddenly ...
McCormick G M GM - - 1995
Death as a result of anaphylaxis remains rare and is only occasionally related to ingestion of common substances. This article reports a death due to an allergic reaction to ethanol, as well as a review of the reported deaths in the literature attributed to ethanol. This report emphasizes the importance ...
Kelmanson I A - - 1995
The aim of this study was to create a scoring method to distinguish between sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and cases of sudden death resulting from life-threatening conditions (LTC). Four hundred infants less than one year old who died suddenly out of hospital in St Petersburg between 1983 and 1990 ...
Davanipour Z - - 1995
Case ascertainment for an epidemiologic study of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) can be difficult. This report investigates the efficiency of various sources of case ascertainment for CJD. Cases were identified utilizing neuropathologists, hospitals and death certificates from 11 targeted states. For the period of 1986-1988, 247 death certificates indicating a diagnosis ...
Patel F - - 1994
Gunshot wounds are well characterised in forensic textbooks and atypical or unusual ballistic characteristics feature regularly in forensic literature. Forensic practitioners receive continuing education in recognising a variety of gunshot wounds which are created by bullet missiles. Awareness of a non-missile penetrating injury mimicking a gunshot wound is also relevant ...
Sarvesvaran R - - 1994
The deliberate inhalation of solvents among children and adolescents "for kicks" is becoming more common in the West. It was generally regarded as a relatively harmless practice and consequently little attention had been paid to the isolation of the toxic agent from the variety of substances used. It is now ...
Pawel B R - - 1994
Two cases of sudden death due to arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) occurring in the pediatric age group are described. One of the subjects, at the age of 7 years, is believed to be the youngest child in whom ARVD has been diagnosed at autopsy. The clinical and pathological characteristics ...
Kencian J D - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the quality of coronial postmortem examinations performed in rural New South Wales by Government Medical Officers. METHODS: We reviewed 100 cases, examining the history of the case provided by police officers, referral letters from Government Medical Officers and macroscopic reports of the postmortem findings. Tissue specimens received ...
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