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Maxim Laura L a Institut des Sciences de la Communication (UMS 3665), CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) , Université Paris Sorbonne, UPMC (Université Pierre et Marie Curie) , Paris , - - 2014
Methods of uncertainty analysis are being included increasingly in regulatory chemical risk assessment. Although best practices have been established by several safety agencies in Europe and the United States, they exist only in the grey literature - there has been no comprehensive analysis of the scientific, peer-reviewed literature on these ...
Liu S H SH Department of Family Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou , Taoyuan , - - 2014
Context. Pufferfish-associated tetrodotoxin poisoning occurs occasionally in coastal regions of Asian countries and sporadically elsewhere. While anecdotal reports have suggested neostigmine use, evidence for its clinical effectiveness remains unclear. Objective. We sought to determine whether neostigmine was likely to be effective in tetrodotoxin-poisoned patients with acute respiratory failure caused by ...
Hayes Martina M University College Cork, Cork, - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review was to compare cumulative failure rates of different restorative materials in carious class V lesions on the root surfaces of adult patients. The prevalence of root caries is set to increase in the coming years as a result of ageing of the population and ...
Bhattacharyya Sanghita - - 2014
BackgroundIn India there is a thrust towards promoting institutional delivery, resulting in problems of overcrowding and compromise to quality of care. Review of near-miss obstetric events has been suggested to be useful to investigate health system functioning, complementing maternal death reviews. The aim of this project was to identify the ...
Klepstad P P Dept. Intensive Care Medicine, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway - - - 2014
The European Association for Palliative Care has initiated a comprehensive program to achieve an over--all review of the evidence of multiple cancer pain management strategies in order to extend the current guideline for treatment of cancer pain. The present systematic review analyzed the existing evidence of analgesic efficacy for peripheral ...
Young Ian I 1 Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses , Public Health Agency of Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Abstract The application of systematic reviews is increasing in the agri-food public health sector to investigate the efficacy of policy-relevant interventions. In order to enhance the uptake and utility of these reviews for decision-making, there is a need to develop summary formats that are written in plain language and incorporate ...
Lim Caroline Ann CA Department of Medical Technology and Physics, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Hospital Avenue, Nedlands, Perth, WA, 6009, Australia, - - 2014
The effect of elevated serum cobalt on the human visual system has not yet been established. In light of recent reports of visual problems with elevated cobalt in association with hip prostheses, this review examines the literature for evidence regarding the effects of cobalt on human visual function. A systematic ...
Peters Sebastian J SJ Orthopaedic Department, Hand Unit, University Hospitals Leuven, Pellenberg Campus, Pellenberg, Belgium ; Orthopaedic department, Regional Hospital Heilig Hart Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
Background Avascular necrosis of the hamate (hamate-AVN) is a seldom reported disease of which little is known on etiology, best treatment modalities, and outcome. Hamate-AVN can occur in multiple locations within the hamate. Case Description Case one was an 8-year-old girl with painful AVN of the hamate hook. Surgical excision of the ...
Bird Sara S MBBS, MFM(clin), FRACGP, is Manager, Medico-Legal and Advisory Services, MDA - - 2014
The preparation and provision of medico-legal reports by the treating doctor is an inevitable but sometimes unwelcome part of general practice. This article outlines the steps involved in preparing a 'good' medico-legal report, including some of the common pitfalls to avoid. General practitioners play an important role in providing medico-legal ...
Ghannoum M M Division of Nephrology, Verdun Hospital, University of Montreal , Montreal, QC , - - 2014
Context. The Extracorporeal Treatments in Poisoning (EXTRIP) workgroup was created to provide evidence and consensus-based recommendations on the use of extracorporeal treatments (ECTRs) in poisoning. Objectives. To perform a systematic review and provide clinical recommendations for ECTR in carbamazepine poisoning. Methods. After a systematic literature search, the subgroup extracted the ...
- - 2014
The appropriate time to give an epidural during childbirth is when the woman asks for it, according to a review of the evidence.
Di Matteo B B II Orthopaedic and Traumatologic Clinic - Biomechanics and Technology Innovation Laboratory, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Via Di Barbiano, 1/10, 40136, Bologna, Italy, - - 2014
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been introduced in the clinical practice to treat a growing number of different musculoskeletal pathologies. It is currently applied in the treatment of Achilles and patellar tendinopathies, which are common sport-related injuries very challenging to manage. Aim of the present paper was to review systematically the ...
Gebel Klaus K Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, Australia, - - 2014
Over the last decade, there has been a marked increase in studies about built environments and physical activity. As the number of publications is growing rapidly, literature reviews play an important role in identifying primary studies and in synthesizing their findings. However, many of the reviews of effectiveness in this ...
Specchio Nicola N Division of Neurology, Department of Neuroscience, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital IRCCS, P.za S. Onofrio, 4 00165, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are intrinsically epileptogenic lesions associated to medically intractable focal epilepsy mainly characterized by gelastic and focal seizures. Intralesional recording with deep electrodes has documented the presence of ictal discharge arising from inside the lesion. Nevertheless interictal and ictal scalp EEG is poorly informative and non-localizing in a ...
Di Vito Anna A Departments of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catanzaro 'Magna Graecia Medical School, Catanzaro, - - 2014
Cardiac myxoma is the most common benign cardiac tumour, localized generally in the left atrium. The majority of cardiac myxomas occur sporadically, while a relatively small proportion of cases develop as a part of Carney complex syndrome. Currently, the histogenesis of myxoma is poorly understood; however, the mesenchymal and endothelial ...
Chen Yen-Fu YF School of Health and Population Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK; Division of Health Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, - - 2014
To describe the use of systematic reviews or overviews (systematic reviews of systematic reviews) to synthesize quantitative evidence of intervention effects across multiple indications (multiple-indication reviews) and to highlight issues pertaining to such reviews. MEDLINE was searched from 2003 to January 2014. We selected multiple-indication reviews of interventions of allopathic ...
Cheng S W SW Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Caritas Medical Centre, Shamshuipo, Hong - - 2014
We report a case of a young Chinese male presenting with sequential, painless, bilateral visual loss in Hong Kong. He was diagnosed to have Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy with genetic workup showing G11778A mutation with over 80% heteroplasmy. He was started on idebenone treatment 11 months after onset of the ...
Parelkar Sandesh V - - 2014
Pyloric atresia (PA) is a rare congenital anomaly that constitutes approximately 1% of all intestinal atresias, and its incidence is approximately 1 in 100,000 live births. PA may occur as an isolated condition or associated with other abnormalities, the most common being Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB). Evidence suggests that PA-EB ...
Zoorob Roger R Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Email: - - 2014
This review-with a handy at-a-glance guide-examines 8 modalities, the level of evidence behind them, and the adverse effects you'll need to keep in mind.
Vasanth Vani V Department of Dermatology, Cutis Academy of Cutaneous Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Follicular occlusion tetrad is a symptom complex consisting of four conditions having a similar pathophysiology. It includes Hidradenitis suppurativa, acne conglobata, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp and pilonidal sinus. The exact pathogenesis of this group of disease is unknown but evidence suggests that they share the same pathological process initiated ...
Camacho Angela Domínguez AD Angela Domínguez Camacho, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad del Valle, Cali 76001000, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the majority of publications using effective methods to speed up orthodontic treatment and determine which publications carry high evidence-based value. The literature published in Pubmed from 1984 to 2013 was reviewed, in addition to well-known reports that were not classified under this ...
Sanchez Alvaro A Primary Care Research Unit of Bizkaia, Basque Health Service -Osakidetza, Bilbao Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present review aims to summarize the evidence about the effectiveness of physical activity (PA) promotion interventions in primary care (PC) and the intervention or sample characteristics associated with greater effectiveness. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library were searched to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses published from 2002 to 2012 that ...
Harris Jonathan A JA School of Biomedical Engineering, Science and Health Systems, Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut Street, Bossone 718, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, - - 2014
The combined spine and rib cage deformity in scoliosis is best described as a thoracic deformity, and recent advances in imaging have enabled better definition of three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the thorax in scoliosis. However, a comprehensive report that summarizes the published thorax deformity quantification parameter studies is lacking in ...
Corry Margarita M Trinity College Dublin, School of Nursing, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to support caregivers of people with selected chronic conditions. Informal caregivers provide millions of care hours each week contributing to significant healthcare savings. Despite much research evaluating a range of interventions for caregivers, their impact remains unclear. A systematic review of systematic reviews of ...
Karaçam Zekiye Z Adnan Menderes University, Aydın School of Health, Aydın, - - 2014
The objective of the review is to critically review the diagnosis and management of dystocia in the first stage of labour. We conducted a narrative review of research since 1998. Eight studies were identified, four about the onset and duration of active phase of the first stage of labour, one ...
Schurr James W JW St. John's University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Queens, New - - 2014
Cocaine abuse is associated with cardiovascular complications that include chest pain and myocardial infarction. Traditional therapy for these conditions includes a β-adrenergic antagonist. However, guidelines released in 2008 recommended against this treatment option because of the prevailing theory that cocaine will potentiate vasospasm secondary to unopposed α-adrenergic effects. Subsequently, further ...
Bidonde Julia - - 2014
The objective of this umbrella systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and synthesize systematic reviews of physical activity interventions for adults with fibromyalgia (FM) focussing on four outcomes: pain, multidimensional function (wellness or quality of life), physical function (self-reported physical function or measured physical fitness) and adverse effects. A further ...
Agbassi Chika C Department of Oncology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West Hamilton, Ontario L8S4L8, Canada; Escarpment Cancer Research Institute (ECRI), Juravinski Hospital Research Centre, 711 Concession Street, G Wing, Hamilton, Ontario, L8V 1C3, Canada; Program in Evidence-based Care, Cancer Care Ontario McMaster University, Juravinski Site, 60 (G) Wing, 711 Concession Street Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8V - - 2014
New evidence continues to emerge and requires attention after the release of a clinical practice guideline (CPG). The objective of this article is to describe the Document Assessment and Review (DAR) strategy designed to ensue that the CPGs remain current and their quality maintained and to present the results of ...
Davis Molock Sherry S Department of Psychology, George Washington University. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Research Prioritization Task Force of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention conducted a comprehensive literature review of suicide prevention/intervention trials to assess the quality of the scientific evidence. A literature "review of reviews" was conducted by searching the most widely used databases for mental health and public health ...
Carrington E V EV National Centre for Bowel Research and Surgical Innovation (NCRBSI) and The Wingate Institute of Neurogastroenterology, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK; Biomedical Science Section, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) is now well established as a treatment for fecal incontinence (FI) resistant to conservative measures and may also have utility in the management of chronic constipation; however, mechanism of action is not fully understood. End organ effects of SNS have been studied in both clinical and ...
Zurfluh Monika A MA *Clinic of Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry, University of Zurich, - - 2014
Summary AIM: To systematically search the literature and assess the available evidence for the influence of chin-cup therapy on the temporomandibular joint regarding morphological adaptations and appearance of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Electronic database searches of published and unpublished literature were performed. The following electronic databases with no language and publication ...
Hodorogea S S Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, State Medical and Pharmaceutical University, N. Testemitanu, Chisinau, Republic of - - 2014
A Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths is an anonymous, multidisciplinary and systematic review of all cases of maternal mortality. This paper describes one such process implemented at national level in Moldova. Its aim was to conduct an in-depth review of the underlying causes and circumstances surrounding each mother's death to ...
Wickham Sara - - 2014
Two recent systematic reviews have arrived at the same, rather surprising and somewhat counter-intuitive result. That is, contrary to the belief and experience of many people who work on labour wards every day, induction of labour doesn't increase the chance of caesarean section at all. In fact, the reviewers argue, ...
Ntali Georgia G Department of Endocrinology, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, OX3 7LJ, - - 2014
Context: Functioning gonadotroph adenomas (FGA) are pituitary tumors secreting biologically active gonadotropins. The published literature includes only small case series or individual case reports. This review summarizes the published data on this rare entity and, based on them, suggests guidance on the follow-up of these patients. Evidence Acquisition: A review ...
Parmar Vijal V Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Saint Mary's Hospital, Manchester, UK, - - 2014
Congenital infantile fibrosarcoma is rare and only three cases affecting the colon have previously been reported. We describe two further cases that presented in the neonatal period and were both successfully treated with surgical excision and have no evidence of recurrence or metastasis at 31 and 27 months follow-up, respectively.
Silva-Pinto André A Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal; Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tick-borne lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA) is a spotted fever group disease characterized by an eschar and pronounced enlarged lymph nodes after a scalp tick bite. The goal of this synopsis is to review the TIBOLA literature published until May 2013: Forty-one articles (reporting 537 cases) were included. There was a predominance of ...
Parkash Vinita V From the Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Department of Pathology, Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport, - - 2014
Amended reports (AmRs) need to follow patients to treating physicians, to avoid erroneous management based on the original diagnosis. This study was undertaken to determine if AmRs followed the patient appropriately. AmRs with diagnostic changes and discrepancies between ordering and treating physicians were tracked. Chart reviews, electronic medical report (EMR) ...
MacMullen Nancy J - - 2014
This review aimed to determine best nursing practice by systematically and critically reviewing the appropriate literature and expert guidelines. Using keyword and literature databases, over 480 journal titles were reviewed. Twenty-four articles and three expert guidelines were chosen. The majority of articles selected as evidence were Level IV--opinions of respected ...
Hauser Ronald G RG From Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; and - - 2014
Many nonpathologists and some pathologists consider utilization review essential to laboratory quality improvement, but (1) confusion surrounding the definition of "appropriate" laboratory utilization, (2) the reliance on manual chart review, and (3) a lack of leadership have contributed to its unstandardized implementation. How the solutions to these barriers have evolved ...
Hartling Lisa L Alberta Research Centre for Health Evidence, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada; Cochrane Child Health Field, Department of Pediatrics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. - - 2014
The Cochrane Collaboration has been at the forefront of developing methods for knowledge synthesis internationally. We discuss three approaches to synthesize evidence for healthcare interventions: systematic reviews (SRs), overviews of reviews and comparative effectiveness reviews. We illustrate these approaches with examples from knowledge syntheses on interventions for bronchiolitis, a common ...
Ryan Mandy Smith MS New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Primary Care Information Project (PCIP), 42-09 28th Street- CN#52 Gotham Center, Long Island City, NY, 11101, USA, - - 2014
Little is known about whether more experience with an electronic health record (EHR) makes it easier for providers to meaningfully use EHRs. To assess whether the length of time that small practice providers have been using the EHR is associated with greater ease in performing meaningful use-related tasks and fewer ...
Williams Cylie M - - 2014
Background : Idiopathic toe-walking (ITW) is a condition commonly seen by podiatric physicians. Because a toe-walking gait style is also caused by or associated with many other medical conditions, podiatric physicians should pay particular attention to ensuring an accurate diagnosis. There are many reported treatment options available for ITW. Therefore, ...
Pieper Dawid D Institute for Research in Operative Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, D- 51109 Cologne, - - 2014
The question whether the choice of a critical appraisal tool has an impact on the result of the evidence synthesis in systematic reviews has been neglected by research. This is also true for psychometric properties of critical appraisal tools. The objective of the study is to exemplify that in the ...
Phan Ha - - 2014
Domperidone is a prokinetic agent used as a second-line treatment option for gastroparesis in those unable to tolerate metoclopramide. Via inhibition of dopamine-2 receptors within the gastrointestinal tract and various parts of the central and peripheral nervous system, domperidone helps to facilitate peristalsis and gastric emptying. A major side effect ...
Spano Susanne J SJ UCSF-Fresno Medical Education Program, Fresno, CA (Dr Spano). Electronic address: - - 2014
We present a case of failed conservative management of a traumatic wound sustained in a wilderness setting. The patient was initially treated with a povidone-iodine scrub, suture closure, and expectant management by 2 physicians who were paying clients on a multiday river rafting expedition. Empiric antibiotic coverage and irrigation of ...
Jolly Clifford J - - 2014
A review of the vast literature on the epistemology and ontology of "species" is far beyond the capacity of both the writer and the length-allotment of this essay, limiting it to a somewhat dogmatic presentation of personal opinions, few of them original. Also prohibited by the prescribed word limit is ...
Williams Sarah R - - 2014
This article reviews important literature on the FAST and E-FAST examinations in adults. It also reviews key pitfalls, limitations, and controversies. A practical "how-to" guide is presented. Lastly, new frontiers are explored.
Van Hoof Thomas J - - 2014
Systematic reviews published in the quality improvement and continuing education literature have noted that the lack of standardized terminology for categorizing and describing various interventions in published studies is a major obstacle to drawing conclusions about their effectiveness. A case in point is practice facilitation and educational outreach. Although they ...
Moe-Byrne Thirimon T University of York, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, York, - - 2014
To summarise evidence on the effectiveness of behaviour change interventions to encourage prescribing of generic forms of prescription drugs where clinically appropriate in the UK National Health Service (NHS) and similar settings. Systematic review. We conducted a rapid evidence synthesis in two stages: First, we searched databases, such as the ...
Khanassov Vladimir V Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with the implementation of case management (CM) interventions in primary health care (PHC) and to develop strategies to enhance its adoption by PHC practices. This study was designed as a systematic mixed studies review (including quantitative and qualitative studies) with ...
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