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Davis Molock Sherry S Department of Psychology, George Washington University. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Research Prioritization Task Force of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention conducted a comprehensive literature review of suicide prevention/intervention trials to assess the quality of the scientific evidence. A literature "review of reviews" was conducted by searching the most widely used databases for mental health and public health ...
Carrington E V EV National Centre for Bowel Research and Surgical Innovation (NCRBSI) and The Wingate Institute of Neurogastroenterology, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK; Biomedical Science Section, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) is now well established as a treatment for fecal incontinence (FI) resistant to conservative measures and may also have utility in the management of chronic constipation; however, mechanism of action is not fully understood. End organ effects of SNS have been studied in both clinical and ...
Ntali Georgia G Department of Endocrinology, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, OX3 7LJ, - - 2014
Context: Functioning gonadotroph adenomas (FGA) are pituitary tumors secreting biologically active gonadotropins. The published literature includes only small case series or individual case reports. This review summarizes the published data on this rare entity and, based on them, suggests guidance on the follow-up of these patients. Evidence Acquisition: A review ...
Parmar Vijal V Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Saint Mary's Hospital, Manchester, UK, - - 2014
Congenital infantile fibrosarcoma is rare and only three cases affecting the colon have previously been reported. We describe two further cases that presented in the neonatal period and were both successfully treated with surgical excision and have no evidence of recurrence or metastasis at 31 and 27 months follow-up, respectively.
Silva-Pinto André A Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal; Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tick-borne lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA) is a spotted fever group disease characterized by an eschar and pronounced enlarged lymph nodes after a scalp tick bite. The goal of this synopsis is to review the TIBOLA literature published until May 2013: Forty-one articles (reporting 537 cases) were included. There was a predominance of ...
Parkash Vinita V From the Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Department of Pathology, Bridgeport Hospital, Bridgeport, - - 2014
Amended reports (AmRs) need to follow patients to treating physicians, to avoid erroneous management based on the original diagnosis. This study was undertaken to determine if AmRs followed the patient appropriately. AmRs with diagnostic changes and discrepancies between ordering and treating physicians were tracked. Chart reviews, electronic medical report (EMR) ...
Hauser Ronald G RG From Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; and - - 2014
Many nonpathologists and some pathologists consider utilization review essential to laboratory quality improvement, but (1) confusion surrounding the definition of "appropriate" laboratory utilization, (2) the reliance on manual chart review, and (3) a lack of leadership have contributed to its unstandardized implementation. How the solutions to these barriers have evolved ...
Ryan Mandy Smith MS New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Primary Care Information Project (PCIP), 42-09 28th Street- CN#52 Gotham Center, Long Island City, NY, 11101, USA, - - 2014
Little is known about whether more experience with an electronic health record (EHR) makes it easier for providers to meaningfully use EHRs. To assess whether the length of time that small practice providers have been using the EHR is associated with greater ease in performing meaningful use-related tasks and fewer ...
Williams Cylie M - - 2014
Background : Idiopathic toe-walking (ITW) is a condition commonly seen by podiatric physicians. Because a toe-walking gait style is also caused by or associated with many other medical conditions, podiatric physicians should pay particular attention to ensuring an accurate diagnosis. There are many reported treatment options available for ITW. Therefore, ...
Pieper Dawid D Institute for Research in Operative Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, D- 51109 Cologne, - - 2014
The question whether the choice of a critical appraisal tool has an impact on the result of the evidence synthesis in systematic reviews has been neglected by research. This is also true for psychometric properties of critical appraisal tools. The objective of the study is to exemplify that in the ...
Spano Susanne J SJ UCSF-Fresno Medical Education Program, Fresno, CA (Dr Spano). Electronic address: - - 2014
We present a case of failed conservative management of a traumatic wound sustained in a wilderness setting. The patient was initially treated with a povidone-iodine scrub, suture closure, and expectant management by 2 physicians who were paying clients on a multiday river rafting expedition. Empiric antibiotic coverage and irrigation of ...
Jolly Clifford J - - 2014
A review of the vast literature on the epistemology and ontology of "species" is far beyond the capacity of both the writer and the length-allotment of this essay, limiting it to a somewhat dogmatic presentation of personal opinions, few of them original. Also prohibited by the prescribed word limit is ...
Williams Sarah R - - 2014
This article reviews important literature on the FAST and E-FAST examinations in adults. It also reviews key pitfalls, limitations, and controversies. A practical "how-to" guide is presented. Lastly, new frontiers are explored.
Van Hoof Thomas J - - 2014
Systematic reviews published in the quality improvement and continuing education literature have noted that the lack of standardized terminology for categorizing and describing various interventions in published studies is a major obstacle to drawing conclusions about their effectiveness. A case in point is practice facilitation and educational outreach. Although they ...
Moe-Byrne Thirimon T University of York, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, York, - - 2014
To summarise evidence on the effectiveness of behaviour change interventions to encourage prescribing of generic forms of prescription drugs where clinically appropriate in the UK National Health Service (NHS) and similar settings. Systematic review. We conducted a rapid evidence synthesis in two stages: First, we searched databases, such as the ...
Khanassov Vladimir V Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with the implementation of case management (CM) interventions in primary health care (PHC) and to develop strategies to enhance its adoption by PHC practices. This study was designed as a systematic mixed studies review (including quantitative and qualitative studies) with ...
Gunn Andrew J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. There is considerable interest in improving radiology reporting practices through peer review, and the inclusion of structured feedback from referring physicians may improve this process. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the feasibility of this type of novel peer-review system. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Five referring physicians from ...
Winters Michael E - - 2013
Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are one of the most prescribed medications worldwide. Angioedema is a well-recognized adverse effect of this class of medications, with a reported incidence of ACEI angioedema of up to 1.0%. Of importance to note, ACEI angioedema is a class effect and is not dose dependent. The primary ...
Borgman Christopher J CJ Associated Ophthalmologists, PC, Des Moines, IA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Some reports have outlined many different treatment strategies for superior oblique myokymia (SOM) that attempt to reduce or eliminate patients' symptoms of monocular oscillopsia and/or diplopia. Most treatment strategies have focused solely on oral medications or invasive surgery. The following is a current and critical review of SOM along with ...
John John Baby JB Department of Pedodontics, K.S.R. Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tiruchengode, Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu, - - 2013
This is a case report of diagnosis and management of masochistic habits, a special type of mechanical trauma to the gingival tissue known as self-inflicted lesions, also termed as gingivitis artefacta. Self-inflicted injuries can be premeditated, accidental, or can also result from an uncommon habit. The purpose of this article ...
Morris Joanne H - - 2013
Physiotherapists should be proactive in preparing themselves to participate in innovative models of health care, which are emerging from the healthcare workforce reforms in Australia. One challenging outcome of workforce change is physiotherapy (non-medical) prescribing (NMP), which is part of the extension of scope of physiotherapy practice. This paper summarises ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Govert Bidloo was a Dutch anatomist and royal physician who lived during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Most remembered for his anatomy text and feud with contemporary William Cowper, Bidloo's surgical text appears to describe the first case of what is now known as a lipomyelomeningocele. METHODS: The authors ...
Liu Z W - - 2013
Objective: This paper reports a series of patients with sporadic pinna perichondritis who presented to a district general hospital over a period of 10 years. The data examined included the causative organism, risk factors and pattern of antibiotic use. Method: A retrospective analysis of diagnosed cases of pinna perichondritis from ...
Fisher Joanne - - 2013
In the first of this two part article, the methods of the literature review looking at immigrant women's perceptions of their maternity were outlined along with the first two themes identified, including communication and impediments to access of maternity care. In this concluding part, the remaining three themes of the ...
Cline Curtis R - - 2013
Military working dogs are often trained and/or work in locations where the potential for snake bites is increased. Knowledge of the local venomous snakes, the effects of their venom, and appropriate initial stabilization is essential for the US Army Veterinary Corps officer (VCO). As military practitioners, VCOs are uniquely situated ...
Viscomi Marco - - 2013
Introduction: Both Canada and Australia are facing severe shortages of primary health workers, and these shortages are exacerbated in rural and remote communities. This literature review highlights similarities and explores the factors that serve to attract and retain family practitioners in underserved regions of Canada and Australia. Methods: We used ...
Baethge Christopher - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Peer review is the mainstay of editorial decision making for medical journals. There is a dearth of evaluations of journal peer review with regard to reliability and validity, particularly in the light of the wide variety of medical journals. Studies carried out so far indicate low agreement among reviewers. ...
Kvifte Gunnar Mikalsen GM Department of Natural History, University Museum of Bergen, P.O. Box 7800, University of Bergen, N-5020 Bergen, Norway Department of Limnology, Institute of Biology, University of Kassel. Heinrich-Plett Str. 40, 34132 Kassel-Oberzwehren, Germany; Email: - - 2013
Berdeniella keroveci sp. nov. is described based on males collected in Croatia. Current knowledge of the psychodid fauna of Croatia is reviewed and new records of 16 species are presented. Short taxonomic notes on Pericoma pseudocalcilega Krek, 1972, Pneumia balkanica (Krek, 1990), Pneumia mutua (Eaton, 1893), Clogmia albipunctata (Williston, 1893) ...
Ellimoottil Chandy - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Patient demand for easily accessible information about physician quality has led to the development of physician review websites (PRWs). These sites concern some physicians, who argue that ratings can be misleading. In this study, we describe the landscape of online reviews of urologists by looking at a sample of ...
Tawfic Qutaiba Amir - - 2012
Enteral feeding is now standard and routine practice in intensive care. The use of a nasogastric tube for enteral feeding is generally considered to be safe, but tubes with small bores can sometimes lead to aspiration or passage clogging when malpositioned in sedated patients who are on long-term mechanical ventilation. ...
Beggs Andrew D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bedside ultrasound is increasingly commonly used by surgeons in their everyday practice. Little is known on the practical implications of bedside ultrasound, its efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVES: To carry out a review of the literature on bedside ultrasound as performed by surgeons METHODS: Searching was carried out through Ovid ...
Oehler Erwan - - 2012
Intraosseous pneumatocysts are benign gaseous bone lesions, generally asymptomatic and incidentally discovered on X-ray. These characteristics explain why these lesions are unknown to most practitioners and their low representation in medical literature. The description of an incidentally discovered iliac pneumatocyst gives us the opportunity to provide a review of available ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2012
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD and monthly online. The January 2012 issue (1st DVD for 2012) contains 4929 complete reviews, 2098 protocols for reviews in production, and 16773 short summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there ...
Kishore Kumar R V RV Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Chintareddypalem, Nellore, 524003 Andhra Pradesh - - 2012
To evaluate the sinuses in the cervicofacial region and to identify the focus of infection. It is also to help the clinician in differentiating the sinuses' of odontogenic and nonodontogenic focus of infection. The study has been conducted in 200 patients, aged between 11 and 77 years for a period of ...
Zaina F - - 2012
In order to present to our readers the best available evidence in the field of Rehabilitation, we continuously perform systematic reviews of the articles regularly published in the Cochrane Library, being these considered the most reliable instruments of synthesis, reliable because based on a strict methodology. Moreover, according to the ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2012
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD but monthly online. The October 2011 issue (4th DVD for 2011) contains 4791 complete reviews, 2067 protocols for reviews in production, and 15,950 short summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there ...
Shahravan Arash - - 2012
Premixed non-setting calcium hydroxide (CaOH(2)) paste in pressure syringe system is commonly used in root canal therapy. The aim of this paper is to present a case involving an iatrogenic extrusion of the medicament during endodontic treatment and a literature review of similar reports. The present case demonstrates severe tissue ...
Borchert Matthias - - 2012
Obstetric near-miss case reviews are being promoted as a quality assurance intervention suitable for hospitals in low income countries. We introduced such reviews in five district, regional and national hospitals in Benin, West Africa. In a cross-sectional study we analysed the extent to which the hospital audit teams were able ...
Vuong Shawn M - - 2011
The occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is well documented, but the pathology is usually associated with post surgical infections or long-term peritoneal dialysis. We report the case of a 50-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a one week history of left lower quadrant abdominal pain, poor appetite and nausea ...
Pandian Datta G DG Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India. - - 2011
Preseptal cellulitis is the commonest orbital disease which frequently needs to be differentiated from orbital cellulitis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment with appropriate antibiotics can prevent vision loss and life-threatening complications of orbital cellulitis. To describe the clinical profile of cases with preseptal and orbital cellulitis admitted to a tertiary care ...
Wong Leonie C - - 2011
: To report the cases of two children who died from diffuse cerebral edema after cardiorespiratory arrest and who had radiologic findings of subarachnoid hemorrhage on computed tomography, the presence of which was excluded on subsequent postmortem examination. : Case notes, clinical records, and postmortem reports of two children who ...
Lambo Jonathan A - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the case ascertainment and completeness of neonatal tetanus (NT) reporting and to estimate the incidence of NT in Dadu District, Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted active surveillance and hospital record reviews for suspected NT cases. We compared the cases of NT reported ...
Papadimitriou Georgios - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: This is a report of two male patients (35 and 54 years old, respectively) admitted to our surgical department with signs of small-bowel obstruction. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Diagnostic workup with plain abdominal radiographs and, more specifically, computed tomography suggested the possibility of bowel rotation. In order to exclude any possibility of ...
Yang Shih-Hung - - 2011
Hydrocephalus presenting with movement disorder is very rare, especially in children. We present the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with bilateral intention tremor and slowed speech as a result of obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to a tectal glioma. Treatment with endoscopic third ventriculostomy improved his symptoms. We review the ...
Lecoindre Patrick - - 2011
Chronic idiopathic large bowel diarrhea (CILBD) is a descriptive diagnosis reached by exclusion of the most common diseases associated with chronic large bowel diarrhea. The most important features of irritable bowel syndrome in people are reviewed. The authors report 19 new cases of CILBD that they compare with 37 cases ...
Balamoun Hany - - 2011
The occurrence of intussusception in adults is rare, accounting for less than 5% of all cases of intussusceptions and almost 1%-5% of bowel obstruction. The condition is found in less than 1 in 1300 abdominal operations and 1 in 100 patients operated for intestinal obstruction. The child to adult ratio ...
Wludarski Sheila Cristina Lordelo - - 2011
Perineuriomas are rare tumors composed of cells resembling those of the normal perineurium. It usually occurs in subcutaneous, soft-tissue or intraneural locations. Very few reports in the literature have described perineuriomas in the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach, colon and jejunum. We report the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of a ...
Singh Deepak Kumar - - 2011
A 43-year-old male presented with 3-month history of low-grade fever and headache. Radiological investigations revealed unilateral hydrocephalus. Unilateral obstruction of the foramen of Monro due to chronic tubercular ependymal inflammation was suspected and endoscopic septostomy was planned. Though ventriculo-peritoneal shunt is a simple method to treat hydrocephalus, complications related to ...
Vallicelli Carlo - - 2011
Emergency surgery of the small bowel represents a challenge for the surgeon, in the third millennium as well. There is a wide number of pathologies which involve the small bowel. The present review, by analyzing the recent and past literature, resumes the more commons. The aim of the present review ...
Mitroi Mihaela - - 2011
Laryngocele is an abnormal dilatation of Morgagni ventricle (saccule) in direct communication with the laryngeal lumen. Symptoms are not characteristic: hoarseness, dyspnea, foreign body sensation and cough. Sometimes it is presented as cervical swelling causing airway obstruction and need an emergency tracheotomy. In this paper, we report a case of ...
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