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Results 401 - 450 of 454
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Lim W T - - 1983
The principal objective(s) of this presentation is to report a case of lymphadenitis secondary to implant degeneration. A review of the literature on the history and development of the silicone implant and the durability of the silicone elastomer is presented. A case report with radiologic and histologic documentation is also ...
Javors B R - - 1983
Enterolithiasis is a rarely encountered clinical and radiologic entity. Stasis of intestinal contents is the underlying cause of the stone formation. Four cases are presented, 3 in the colon and 1 in the small bowel. The chemical composition of these stones varies according to their site of origin. The clinical ...
Hariri J - - 1983
Two cases of barytoma of the rectum in a 33-year-old female and an 81-year-old male are presented. The cases were detected 4 1/2 and 3 months, respectively, after a barium enema. The morphologic, histochemical and radiologic findings are described. The pathogenesis and the differential diagnosis are then discussed in the ...
Kapila A - - 1982
An adolescent female with downbeat nystagmus and long tract signs was evaluated by a number of diagnostic radiologic procedures. Metrizamide CT cisternography was the procedure that established the diagnosis by showing not only the tonsillar herniation, but also the medullocervical deformity characteristic of the Chiari type II malformation. This case ...
Wochos J F - - 1982
The six Centers for Radiological Physics performed periodic thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) reviews for photon beams at 276 facilities across the country. The purpose of the reviews and the techniques in use are briefly described. Results from 2413 mailed reviews of megavoltage units indicate that, in 92% of the reviews, a ...
Meller Y - - 1982
A rare case of avascular necrosis of bone of unknown etiology affecting several phalanges of one hand in a 12-year-old Israeli girl is presented. This entity has been described in the literature under the title of "Phalangeal microgeodic syndrome in childhood." Forty cases have been reported mostly from Japan. The ...
Yazaki T - - 1982
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is an uncommon disease that is usually seen in middle-aged women and is much rarer in children. We report a case of diffuse xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in a 3-year-old boy who had a nonfunctioning hydronephrotic right kidney on an excretory urogram. A review of the English and Japanese literature ...
Whelan M A - - 1982
Three cases of aplastic and/or hypoplastic lumbar pedicle are presented and discussed. The importance of plain films, especially the 45 degrees posterior oblique, for making the diagnosis is emphasized. The incidence and embryology of abnormalities of the pedicle are reviewed and the radiological features used to differentiate these congenital abnormalities ...
Murphy W A - - 1982
During a 28-month interval, the radiographs of eight cases of skeletonized remains were evaluated by a radiologist. Radiologic evaluation of limited anatomic parts (four cases) was used to establish human or nonhuman origin and was helpful in the assessment of the relative social importance of the part. Radiologic evaluation of ...
Agrez M - - 1981
Sigmoid volvulus is often a surgical emergency. The diagnosis is usually reached on the basis of both clinical and radiologic assessment. A review of the radiologic findings in 20 patients diagnosed as having sigmoid volvulus is presented. Typical radiographic features are illustrated. Reasons for their absence in certain cases are ...
Murphy W A - - 1981
A retrospective study of 169 percutaneous skeletal biopsies performed by radiologists at the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology and Barnes Hospital between October 1974 and July 1980 showed an overall accuracy of 94%; a negative result had a predictive value of 92%. A review of the English-language literature revealed that nearly ...
Stringer D A - - 1981
A case of juvenile hyaline fibromatosis in a ten-year-old Asian girl is presented. This autosomal recessively inherited condition has not previously been described in the radiological literature. This patient demonstrates well the characteristic radiological appearance. The literature of juvenile hyaline fibromatosis and of the other generalized fibromatoses is reviewed and ...
Belloni C - - 1981
A case of perinatal lethal dwarfism is described: owing to its clinical, radiological and histologic features the case can be classified as SRP syndrome type III (Verma-Naumoff). On the basis of the radiological features and--particularly--of those of the growing cartilage, stress is laid on the importance of these studies for ...
Cope J R - - 1981
In five cases of blastomycosis, invasive procedures were required before the diagnosis was established; these included thoracotomy in two cases and craniotomy in a third case. Radiologic signs in blastomycosis are nonspecific, and the presentations of the disease may be protean and unusual. Certain factors and radiologic appearances should alert ...
Phelps P D - - 1981
Bilateral conductive deafness is common in mandibulofacial dysostosis with or without atresia of the external auditory meatus. This deafness is due to a wide range of deformities of the ossicular chain associated with a characteristic reduction in the size of the middle ear cavity. The attic and antrum are particularly ...
Cremers C W - - 1981
The results of a systematic study of the otological aspects in 13 cases of earpit-deafness syndrome are reported. The audiometric, radiological and vestibular findings as well as the results of exploratory tympanotomies with and without stapedectomies are discussed together with the results reported in the literature. A convincing explanation of ...
Diebler C - - 1981
This is a report of seven cases of aneurysm of the vein of Galen (AVG) with a review of the clinical and radiological aspects of 48 cases in the literature. The natural evolution and pathophysiology of this vascular malformation are discussed. The clinical signs of this condition are often misleading. ...
Sauvegrain J - - 1981
10 cases of calcification of the peripheral cartilaginous contour of the femoral head in infants are reported. In 7 cases calcification were discovered by chance at a radiological examination done for another purpose. In 3 cases the examination was done for limp or pain in the hip. In this material ...
Patriquin H - - 1980
A description of three newborns with renal candidiasis and a review of 14 others suggest the following pathogenesis: antibiotic therapy in a premature baby with an intravascular catheter is followed by hematogenous renal spread, candiduria, and acute obstructive nephropathy by mycotic bezoars. The radiologic appearance is often characteristic. Prompt therapy ...
Graham J - - 1980
A 48-year-old woman with triple cardiac valve prostheses became completely deaf after bitemporal embolism. The lesions were demonstrated radiologically and neurophysiological investigation confirmed intact peripheral and brainstem pathways. Experimental studies of the auditory pathways are briefly reviewed. Reported cases of cortical deafness are discussed and the rarity of the condition ...
Nordshus T - - 1980
Two cases of neonates with adrenal haemorrhage are presented. The clinical, radiological and ultrasonographical signs are described. The future role of echography as compared to other radiological procedures, including computerized tomography, is discussed. Ultrasonography is recommended as a screening method, and is well suited for assessing the size and internal ...
Douds H N - - 1980
Curvilinear calcifications on abdominal radiographs are described in a patient with pseudomyxoma peritonei, and the literature on the radiographic findings in this disease is reviewed. This sign is infrequent but characteristic. Other radiographic features of the case are also presented, as well as ultrasound and gallium scans. The latter have ...
Jost R G - - 1980
A minicomputer system has been developed to assist in the transcription, distribution, and long-term storage of radiology reports. Reports are dictated in the traditional manner by a radiologist and then entered into specially programmed computer terminals by a transcriptionist. Completed reports are electronically distributed throughout the department and the hospital. ...
Burrell M - - 1980
The radiological findings on barium enema examination of 239 patients with thyroid deficiency (192 hypothyroid and 47 myxedematous) were reviewed. A new radiologic finding of transverse ridging superimposed on megacolon is described in myxedema and an explanation for this finding is postulated. The colonic findings associated with thyroid deficiency are ...
Schulman A - - 1980
Eosinophilic gastroenteritis consists histologically of a purely eosinophilic infiltration of small bowel and stomach walls. This is manifested radiologically in the small bowel as a thickening of the circular folds and wall without mucosal ulceration or any other local abnormality, either over much of its length or in a shorter ...
Turner J S JS - - 1980
We surveyed 13 proven cases of neuro-otologic tumors to determine the value of audiometric and radiologic studies. Angle myelography was positive in 100% of cases tested. CT scan with intravenous enhancement was positive in 91% of cases tested. Stapedial reflex decay or tone decay was positive in 100% of cases ...
Price H I - - 1979
Two cases of leukaemic infiltration of the stomach are presented. In both patients the dominant presenting sign was gastro-intestinal bleeding. The clinical, radiological and pathological findings are presented together with a brief review of the literature.
Hahn E - - 1979
Exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) may result in a bizarre syndrome, which is characterized by lytic changes in the distal phalanges, cutaneous stigmata of scleroderma, and Raynaud's phenomenon. Detailed case histories of two such patients are presented. Epidemiologic, pathogenetic and radiological aspects of occupational acroosteolysis are briefly reviewed. The ...
Rabin M S - - 1978
Caecal volvulus is usually associated with a twisted caecum, seen to occupy the umbilical area or left hypochondrium on radiography. Caecal bascule refers to the form of volvulus in which the distended caecum is situated within the pelvis. The caecal bascule type of obstruction is uncommon, and clinical and radiological ...
Trobe J D - - 1978
In the case presented, bilateral optic canal meningiomas produced binocular visual loss. Correct diagnosis was delayed because of inadequate and misinterpreted radiological studies. Careful radiological and surgical examination of the planum sphenoidale later suggested this as the source of both canalicular masses. The pertinent aspects of this case are reviewed ...
Johnson A J - - 1978
A study of repeat myelograms carried out in 93 patients revealed that the incidence of thecal scarring following Conray lumbar radiculography is high (61% of all cases), and only slightly lower than that found after Myodil myelography (74%). Possible factors affecting the incidence of arachnoiditis and the radiological and clinical ...
Maguire R - - 1978
The classical radiologic manifestations of Wegener's granulomatosis are paranasal sinus disease and pulmonary nodules. A review of 31 clinicopathologically proven cases of Wegener's granulomatosis was undertaken to delineate some of the atypical radiologic presentations in this disorder. In 16 of the 31 patients a total of 18 atypical radiographic findings ...
Giuffrè R - - 1978
One hundred children affected by craniosynostosis were operated on from January 1952 to February 1977. Forty-six patients were operated on within the first year of life, and only 9 after six years of age. In 27 cases only one cranial suture was synostotic (mostly the coronal: 15 cases). In 36 ...
Hickman J W - - 1977
Although most cases of bilateral exophthalmos and many cases of unilateral exophthalmos are related to hyperthyroidism, there are numerous other diagnostic possibilities. These include tumors, hemorrhage, vascular anomalies and infections. Exophthalmometric measurements are useful in diagnosis and follow-up. The determination of a nonthyroidal etiology for exophthalmos may require sophisticated radiologic ...
Proto A V - - 1977
While the radiologic literature discusses the presence of air in the esophagus on chest radiographs, this has almost always been reported as a finding associated with other radiologic abnormalities. In a retrospective study, esophageal air was noted on 36% of normal posteroanterior chest radiographs. The radiologic anatomy of the esophagus ...
Hayward R D - - 1977
A detailed clinical and radiological study of 51 patients presenting with a subarachnoid haemorrhage, for which no cause could be found, has been described. Although selection for full investigation has favoured the inclusion of younger and fitter patients, analysis of the information obtained suggests that haemorrhage could be due to: ...
Epstein B S - - 1977
Whereas the skeletal, anatomic, and clinical aspects of this condition have been scrutinized in detail, the radiologic changes have received less attention. In this discussion the plain film changes are briefly reviewed, and emphasis is directed toward the myelographic manifestations that reflect intraspinal and intraforaminal instrusions and their clinical sequelae.
Seltzer R A - - 1977
This report analyzes a 30 month experience with a commerically available mark sense form-based automated radiographic reporting system (RAPORT) in the diagnostic radiology department of a 400 bed general hospital. By using the system, five radiologists were able to completely formulate readable diagnostic radiology reports in 65% of all cases, ...
Olmsted W W - - 1977
Sixty-three cases of meningioma were selected for study. Radiologically, they were divided into blastic and cystic groups. Tumors producing more blastic patterns infrequently recurred, unlike those that contained a lytic factor. The cases were also analyzed in regard to histologic type, but no relationship was found between histologic type and ...
Madsen C M - - 1977
1. In cases of Hirschsprung's disease with aganglionic segment confined to the rectum, even severe symptoms can subside considerably at some time or other usually before the age of 20. 2. Very slight symptoms may occur in spite of considerable radiological dilatation of the colon. 3. A period--even of several ...
Llorens J - - 1977
Reference is made to the results obtained in 24 children, from 11 months to 12 years, affected with acute pneumopathies and treated with fosfomycin with a dosage of 200 mg/kg/day. In all cases a clinical, radiological, biological and bacteriological study was carried out. At the same time, levels of fosfomycin ...
Watt I - - 1976
The clinical and radiological features of pyonephrosis are reviewed, based on a consecutive series of 40 cases. There were 32 female and eight male patients, with a peak incidence in the 50-59 year age group. In 63% of cases the right kidney was involved. Almost all patients complained of loin ...
Modesti L M - - 1976
Four cases of spontaneous intracranial hematomas caused by unsuspected meningiomas are reported. Nine previous cases were found in the literature and the entire series of 13 cases is reviewed. Because of their unusual clinical presentation, these cases were not diagnosed correctly prior to radiological studies. Hypertension, trauma, and blood dyscrasia ...
Bateson E M - - 1976
A case of volvulus of the transverse colon in an elderly female Australian Aboriginal is reported. The rarity of the condition is stressed and the radiological features are discussed. Reference is also made to the geographical distribution of all types of volulus of the colon, and to the apparently high ...
Swan C H - - 1976
The case history, clinical course and laboratory findings in a 66-year-old woman with fibrogenesis imperfecta ossium are reported, the sixth case in the literature. The condition is characterized clinically by intractable skeletal pain and progressive immobility. Though serum alkaline phosphatase has been raised in all patients, there are no specific ...
Trias A - - 1976
A retrospective study of synovial chondro-metaplasia in Canada revealed 18 well-documented cases of this condition. Review of these cases together with 137 cases obtained from the literature permitted clarification of the clinical, radiologic and histologic features of the clinical, radiologic and histologic features of the disease. Positive histologic proof of ...
Staalman C R - - 1976
Two cases of thanatophoric dwarfism are presented. At external physical examination this anomaly is not readily distinguishable from achondroplasia and other forms of congenital disproportionate dwarfism. Radiologically, however, characteristic skeletal changes are demonstrable. The diagnosis can be made in utero. The clinical course is invariably fatal. The hereditary aspects, of ...
Huckman M S - - 1976
The radiographic and clinical findings in twenty-three recently reported cases of suprasellar ectopic pinealoma are reviewed and three previously unreported cases are described. It is concluded that suprasellar calcification is extremely rare; enlargement of the sella turcica was present in approximately 20 to 30 per cent, none demonstrated elevation of ...
Thijn C J - - 1976
European radiological literature of the year 1975 reviewed, concerning colon diseases. Subjects like colon preparation, appendicitis, lymphoid hyperplasia, juvenile polyposis, villous adenomata, angiography in bleeding diverticulosis and lymphomata of the colon have been described in that year. Most attention is paid to the colon with oral laxatives and without enemas.
Hessel S J - - 1975
In order to understand and evaluate fully the composition of the radiologic report, an experiment was performed in which eight readers each read the same 100 chest radiographs. The reports were dissected into individual statements, each of which was analyzed for accuracy, statement type (descriptive or etiologic), confidence, and specificity. ...
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