Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 475
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Ramos-Remus C - - 1993
Intervertebral bony bridging and enthesopathy can occur in both diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and we have seen difficulties in the radiological differentiation between them. We describe 6 patients selected because the bridges resembled syndesmophytes and this initially suggested a diagnosis of AS, although other considerations ...
Farahat K - - 1993
Lymphocytic gastritis (LG) is a disorder characterized by diffuse infiltration of the gastric epithelium by small lymphocytes. Its cause remains largely unknown, although several arguments favour an immune origin. Hypoproteinaemia induced by leakage of plasma proteins into the gastric lumen is a rare complication of LG. We report here on ...
Mbuyi-Muamba J M - - 1993
Ankylosing spondylitis has never been described in Zaïre and is considered to be rare in black African populations. We report two cases observed in the University Hospital of Kinshasa. The two patients are brothers. The diagnosis is based on anaemnestic, clinical and radiological findings. We therefore demonstrate the existence of ...
Balik E - - 1993
Splenoptosis which is a congenital fusion anomaly of dorsal mesogastrium in children is a very rare entity. In the literature cases are usually diagnosed at operation and it is noted that in former years splenectomy had a special place among various methods of treatment. In this report, a 7-year-old case ...
Huang H L - - 1993
Adenomyoma of the papilla of Vater is exceedingly rare. Histologically, the adenomyoma is characterized by locules of ducts with interlacing bundles of smooth muscle. A 63-year-old male patient is presented who had developed abdominal pain, progressively darker urine and light color stool, jaundice and dyspepsia over the past two-month period. ...
Sobus K M - - 1993
A 14-year-old girl and a 15-year-old boy with severe traumatic brain injuries were noted to have marked asymmetry in the lower extremities. Clinical and radiologic evaluation demonstrated the coexistence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and heterotopic ossification (HO). These cases demonstrate that although DVT are rare in children, they can ...
Tsai C H - - 1993
Fetus in fetu is a very unusual intracranial mass in infancy, with only a few cases noted in the literature. Our discovery of a two-month-old girl will be another case for this kind of condition. Dissection and radiologic study of the fetus showed an axial skeleton and long bones, corresponding ...
Frouge C - - 1993
Pathologists have associated calcium oxalate dihydrate (weddellite) in breast biopsy specimens with benign or borderline lesions and rarely with malignancy. These microcalcifications may have a polyhedral shape in histologic specimens owing to their crystalline structure. A retrospective radiologic-histologic correlation study was performed on 300 clusters of microcalcifications to determine if ...
Saghafi M - - 1993
Sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis is a chronic arthro-osteitis affecting mostly juxtasternal structures. It is characterized clinically by painful swelling of the upper anterior chest wall and occasionally is associated with pustulosis palmaris and plantaris. Pathologically there is osteitis, periostitis, and new bone formation of periarticular structures. Two patients are described, and the ...
Spraggs P D - - 1993
Spheno-choanal polyp is a rare entity which presents in a similar manner to the more common antro-choanal polyp. There is often difficulty clinically in differentiating the two conditions, although their radiological characteristics are distinct. A case of spheno-choanal polyp is presented and the plain radiograph and the CT findings reviewed.
Baran R - - 1993
A case of occupational acroosteolysis in a 24-year-old classical guitar player is reported. Nail tenderness was the only manifestation of initial acroosteolysis, which was due to mechanical stress on the fingers. Radiographs showed initial resorption of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th finger of the left hand. The authors review the ...
Thomas R D - - 1993
Madelung's deformity has classical clinical and radiological appearances; it is well recognised by both radiologists and orthopaedic surgeons. In this paper we report on two Madelung's deformities demonstrated on wrist radiographs that were misinterpreted as bone tumours, the patients having presented with unrelated trauma. Two further cases demonstrating similar features ...
Ouahes N - - 1993
A case of acute subcutaneous emphysema of the lateral region of the neck is described. The patient, a 26-year-old woman, also had radiologic evidence of pneumomediastinum. She completely recovered in a few days under prophylactic antibiotherapy. In this case, subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema was most probably due to the introduction ...
al-Sulaiman M H - - 1993
We report 2 cases of acute renal failure caused by rare and closely related inflammatory conditions, i.e. renal parenchymal malacoplakia and megalocytic interstitial nephritis. We have discussed the clinical presentation, natural progression of the disease, the short- and longterm prognosis of the kidney, the histological appearances, the radiological features and ...
Bennett C P - - 1992
A 22-week fetus who had died in utero had a markedly hypoplastic nose and other facial abnormalities, short fingers, hypoplastic nails, and small phallus. Radiologically there was symmetrical cartilaginous stippling of the vertebral column, femoral heads, calcanei and elbows typical of chondrodysplasia punctata (CP), and metacarpal shortness and tiny pyramidal ...
Healy J C - - 1992
Although intestinal tuberculosis is rare in this country, increasing numbers of patients are now being seen, particularly in the immigrant population. We present the history of a lady who had acute diarrhoea and in whom the radiological and endoscopic findings looked very similar to those seen in Crohn's disease. The ...
Faridi M M - - 1992
Chest radiographs of 63 culture proven cases of neonatal septicemia were evaluated in this prospective study. Gram negative septicemia was responsible for 76.2% cases. Radiological abnormalities were observed in 27 cases (42.8%). Seven of these had no respiratory distress. The findings were right sided infiltrates (27%); hyperinflation (7.9%), bronchopneumonia (6.3%) ...
Kline T J - - 1992
Resolution 5, adopted by the American College of Radiology, sets forth principles of direct communication that are important to every radiologist. This article reviews pertinent court decisions that affect radiologists and illustrates the importance of Resolution 5. In recent cases in state courts, liability standards have focused on four areas: ...
Thomas H G - - 1992
The case is presented of a 23-year-old man with Cogan's syndrome, who died from spontaneous rupture of a renal artery 2 years after developing symptoms, despite treatment with corticosteroids and azathioprine. The typical clinical features, investigations and radiological findings of this rare disease are described, particularly the systemic vasculitis and ...
Spindler A - - 1992
We describe the case of a 38-year-old woman with 24 years of progressive skeletal deformities. Radiologic survey showed evidence of generalized skeletal involvement. She presented with secondary osteoarthritis, and her hands showed Heberden's and Bouchard's nodes. Light microscopic examination showed many reversed lines in the trabeculae and increased bone resorption ...
Nakase H - - 1992
Cavernous angioma is a benign vascular hamartoma with an obscure etiology. Clinical, radiological, and histological features of 24 cases of cortical and subcortical cavernous angiomas were analyzed to investigate the etiology. The lesions were classified as hemorrhaging (8 cases) or non-hemorrhaging (16 cases) according to the initial symptom. Age, sex, ...
Penagini R - - 1992
Two cases of dysphagia, in which radiology led to an incorrect diagnosis, are described. In case I the X-ray barium swallow showed only minor oesophageal dilatation with no apparent delay in emptying or abnormality of the cardias, yet achalasia was diagnosed by oesophageal manometry. In case 2, although the barium ...
Black W R - - 1992
Decompression sickness is not an appreciated hazard among the private pilot community. This is of growing concern with the increasing number of nonpressurized aircraft capable of flying to altitudes in excess of 5,468 m (18,000 ft). A case report is presented of a 42-year-old pilot who apparently experienced decompression sickness ...
Ruiz D - - 1992
Annular subvalvular aneurysms have been reported rarely in Caucasian individuals. We describe the case of a white man who had an asymptomatic annular submitral left ventricular aneurysm diagnosed during the diagnostic work-up of cervical lymphadenopathies. Our case is unique because of its occurrence in a Caucasian and its characteristic radiological ...
Lam T H - - 1992
In the largest compressed air tunnelling project using the Blackpool Decompression Tables in Hong Kong, 912 men had radiological examination of major joints and 12 definite and 30 suspected cases of dysbaric osteonecrosis were detected by the compressed air physician. Distribution of the lesions was symmetrical and 43.1 per cent ...
Wetscher G - - 1992
Barioliths consist of inspissated barium mixed with feces. They are a rare complication after barium contrast roentgenography and occur almost exclusively in the large bowel. Mostly asymptomatic or causing only slight symptoms and signs, they may persist for months or years. We report a severe case of cecal bariolith. Clinical ...
Federici S - - 1992
Lipoblastomas are rare benign tumors arised from the fetal-embryonal fat that occur almost exclusively in children. About 70% of them arise in the limbs but several other sites have been reported. To date there are only 4 cases of mediastinal lipoblastoma in children, described in the international literature. The radiologic ...
Nuovo M A - - 1992
Myositis ossificans is a relatively rare, well-defined entity. The 23 cases sent for consultation to two of us (L.V.A. and A.N.) were reviewed. Clinical, radiologic, and microscopic information was reexamined, and special attention was given to features infrequently seen in typical myositis ossificans. Average age at presentation was 23 years, ...
Reed M H - - 1991
The radiologic abnormalities seen in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) include disturbances of growth, various types of joint destruction, abnormalities of bone density, periostitis, and soft tissue abnormalities. We review the English language literature, which deals with the radiologic abnormalities in general, and at specific sites. We also review ...
Chang L C - - 1991
Parosteal osteosarcoma is a low-grade malignant tumor arising from the periosteum. It involves mainly adults of third to sixth decades and the favorite site is the posterior aspect of distal femoral metaphysis. Microscopically, it is composed of woven to lamellar bone trabeculae within spindle cell stroma. We present a case ...
Yi E S - - 1991
We describe a unique case of a low-grade extraskeletal osteosarcoma revealing both histologic and radiologic features reminiscent of parosteal osteosarcoma. The tumor, which had been present for 10 years, occurred in the left axilla of a 74-year-old black woman. To date, all the published cases of extraskeletal osteosarcoma have been ...
Hosovski E - - 1991
A case of acromegaly in a male individual aged about 30 years, who lived in the area of Central Balkans in the 14th or 15th century will be described here. This individual is from an archeological site named Przine near Gacko, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The diagnosis is based on pathological ...
Casas D J - - 1991
A case of multiple giant sigmoid diverticula is described in which a barium enema revealed two giant diverticula communicating with the sigmoid lumen. Both diverticula were located on the mesenteric border of the sigmoid colon, and histologic examination showed mucosal and serosal layers with no evidence of smooth muscle. The ...
Hadar H - - 1991
Two cases with the polysplenia syndrome also had a short pancreas. To the best of our knowledge the radiologic characteristics of this anatomic anomaly have not yet been reported. Both cases were asymptomatic with regard to their anomaly-complex. The radiologic findings of the short "pancreas" are similar to the only ...
al-Hilou R - - 1991
Seventy four out of 94 cases of bronchoscopy carried out over a five year period are reviewed. The clinical history of choking followed by recurrent spasmodic cough were found to be the most important element in making the diagnosis and proceeding to diagnostic and therapeutic bronchoscopy. Radiology was inferior as ...
Kaplan G - - 1991
Isotretinoin and etretinate are synthetic derivatives of vitamin A widely used in the treatment of dermatological diseases, mainly those affecting keratinization. They have numerous side-effects, among which the rheumatic symptoms are not the most common or the most severe. The main skeletal adverse reaction of retinoids is hyperostosis. It mainly ...
Benya E C - - 1991
This article describes three cases of jejunal diverticulitis in elderly women, who had presented with pain and tenderness in the periumbilical region or the left side of the abdomen, low-grade fever, anemia, and weight loss. The findings were initially attributed to possible inflammatory or neoplastic lesions of the colon. However, ...
Carlton R - - 1991
The principles of radiographic exposure are not included in the American College of Radiology Index for Radiological Diagnoses. A supplement covering such information would permit consistent indexing and integration of principles of radiographic exposure teaching case files with the comprehensive and well-accepted ACR anatomical and pathological index. This article proposes ...
Jabra A A - - 1991
There are few radiologic descriptions of intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunts and all in adults. A case is reported of a newborn where the diagnosis of shunt was made with color Doppler and where the shunt resolved spontaneously at one year of age. Proposed etiologies for intrahepatic portovenous shunts are discussed.
Hewett P J - - 1991
Perforation of the gastrointestinal tract by toothpicks is an uncommon but well described occurrence. Five cases treated by the authors over the past 5 years are described. This series emphasizes the fact that plain abdominal and chest radiology is unhelpful in establishing the diagnosis. Risk factors identified are the wearing ...
Sid N S - - 1991
Vertical retrosternal density paralleling the sternum, with haziness of a hemithorax on chest roentgenogram, often challenges the clinical acumen of pediatricians, chest physicians, and pediatric radiologists alike. Its presence has been historically linked to either pulmonary underdevelopment and/or accessory hemidiaphragm. The surgical and radiological pediatric literature has long debated this ...
Nangaku M - - 1991
In this rare case of adult hypophosphatasia, no radiological abnormalities of the skeletal system could be detected even by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Severe dental caries was the sole clinical manifestation, indicating this case as an "odontohypophosphatasia". The levels of serum osteocalcin were low, which may be a useful biochemical ...
Bremner R M RM Department of Surgery, Hillbrow Hospital, - - 1990
The columnar-lined or Barrett's oesophagus is an acquired condition resulting from long-continued gastro-oesophageal reflux. In the last 20 years 149 patients with Barrett's oesophagus have been studied in the clinics of the Johannesburg Teaching Hospitals. Important radiological predictors of Barrett's oesophagus, as defined from a series of 100 cases, are ...
Morrish H F - - 1990
Canadian radiologists interacted with the Canadian Medical Protective Association (CMPA) on 455 occasions between January 1983 and December 1987. The authors have reviewed and categorized these encounters: 55% were a direct result of a lawsuit against an individual radiologist; 28% were initiated by a radiologist who was seeking advice from ...
Tan W C - - 1990
Idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) has become accepted as a distinct disease entity. We report a patient who presented with the classical clinical, radiological and pathologic features of this uncommon condition. To our knowledge, this is first case to be reported in Singapore. This case also illustrates the difficulty ...
Whitehead E D - - 1990
A multispecialty approach to diagnosis of impotence is the most appropriate, because many factors may be at work. The expertise of professionals in the fields of urology, sex therapy, psychiatry, family practice, internal medicine, endocrinology, neurology, radiology, sleep evaluation, and vascular surgery may be needed to ascertain the correct organic ...
Kolawole T M - - 1990
Four cases of toxaemia of pregnancy examined with computed tomography scans of the brain are reported. A review of the literature reveals 19 other cases with previously reported CT brain scans. The review shows intracerebral oedema as the main finding. Haemorrhage, massive or punctate was noted in four cases. The ...
Small M - - 1990
We report a case of osteoradionecrosis of the temporal bone which presented with symptoms and signs of cerebellopontine angle lesion. The clinical, radiological, histological and bacteriological findings are reported. The occurrence of osteoradionecrosis of the temporal bone and the factors which predispose to it are discussed with particular emphasis on ...
Albertyn L E - - 1990
Schistosomiasis in its many forms still presents a major public health challenge. Its tendency to cause dystrophic calcification makes it ideal for radiologic study. With population movement the disease may be encountered in unexpected countries especially with the sensitivity of CT to the presence of calcium. S. japonica produces pathognomonic ...
Lipson A - - 1990
The findings on barium follow through, ileoscopy and biopsy of the terminal ileum in 46 children with suspected chronic inflammatory bowel disease have been compared to the final clinical diagnosis. Ileoscopy and barium follow through agreed in 91%, barium follow through and biopsy in 80% and barium follow through, ileoscopy ...
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