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Results 201 - 250 of 451
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Gazio─člu N - - 2000
Idiopathic granulomatous hypophysitis is a rare inflammatory disease of unknown aetiology; few cases are reported. We review the clinical presentation and radiological characteristics of these cases and our own experience with three new surgical cases, to determine diagnostic criteria. MRI of three cases revealed sellar lesions extending into the chiasmatic ...
Tolaymat N - - 2000
Six children, aged 11 to 25 months, were found to have elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels (1,077 to 9,271 U/L) in the absence of disease. Benign transient hyperphosphatasemia (BTH) was diagnosed when the serum ALP levels returned to normal or decreased significantly within 3 months. Several theories have been ...
Thornton F J - - 2000
Tophaceous gout of the spine is rare. We report the case of a 27-year-old male, renal transplant recipient, who presented with an acute onset of lower back pain. Radiological, biochemical and histo-pathological findings confirmed a diagnosis of tophaceous gout of the lumbar spine. We present the case history with the ...
Castellano-Sanchez A A - - 2000
Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle is a recently characterized primary neoplasm of the central nervous system. We present a case and discuss the pathologic and radiologic features. We are aware of only 16 other cases documented in the world literature. This radiologic-pathologic correlation alerts pathologists and radiologists to recognize ...
Williams S M - - 2000
AIM: To assess the impact and cost effectiveness of a system of radiological review of accident and emergency (A&E) plain films. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review documentation was studied retrospectively over a 1-year period. Six hundred and eighty-four actual or suspected errors in the initial radiological interpretation by A&E staff were ...
Goldberg D J - - 2000
Our goal was to implement an interactive neuroradiologic teaching file that can be accessed on the Internet and easily expanded to include radiologic, clinical, and pathologic correlation. Our growing interactive neuroradiologic teaching file is available on the Internet. It provides an easily accessed database of interesting cases to aid in ...
Di Rocco M M Istituto G. Gaslini, Pediatria II, Largo G Gaslini, Genova, Italy. - - 2000
We report the case of a baby girl who presented with rickets at 3 months. At the age of 5 months she was readmitted because of nystagmus and a diagnosis of osteopetrosis was made on the basis of clinical and radiological findings. Rickets is a paradoxical feature of osteopetrosis resulting ...
Hsieh M J - - 2000
Catamenial hemoptysis is a rare form of hemoptysis. It is a term for the condition of hemoptysis associated with menses. Few cases have been reported in the literature. Only one case, treated by video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection, has been described. We report the case of a 26-year-old woman who suffered ...
Bech R A - - 2000
OBJECTS: Clinical symptoms and signs of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) may be nonspecific and unreliable, or even entirely absent, in hydrocephalic infants and children. Even with a radiological examination, it is often difficult to distinguish between "arrested hydrocephalus" and slowly progressive hydrocephalus requiring treatment. METHODS: We present two cases with ...
Stoll C - - 2000
Whereas the deposition of calcium within soft tissues is not infrequent, the development of highly structured, mineralized tissue histologically identifiable as true bone is uncommon and can cause a variety of clinical features. This article reports the clinical and radiological features in a patient with progressive osseous heteroplasia (POH), a ...
Dutt S N - - 2000
An unusual case of a desmoplastic fibroma of the temporal bone is presented. Although classified benign, this intraosseous lesion exhibits local aggressiveness and has a high potential for recurrence. This rare condition occurs predominantly in the mandible and in the long bones and is seldom seen in the calvarium. Here ...
Ballaux C - - 2000
Due to the volatile nature of selenium and selenium dioxide, an important atmospheric dispersion of 75Se can occur in case of a violent fire (>800 degrees C). This type of accident is possible when transporting or using a highly active 75Se source for gamma radiography. The consequences of this dispersion ...
Dilley A V - - 2000
The management of malrotation when it is an incidental finding is unclear. This retrospective study reports an analysis of radiological and operative findings in a series of 71 patients. There were no deaths. We report a false-positive rate of 15% for upper gastrointestinal contrast studies reported as showing malrotation. Our ...
Harris R - - 2000
Tracheal laceration is a rare complication of endotracheal intubation. We present a case of tracheal laceration after a simple prehospital tracheal intubation in a patient with severe tracheomalacia. The most likely cause of the tracheal injury was massive overinflation of the endotracheal tube cuff and the preexisting tracheal wall weakness. ...
Fontana A - - 2000
We report the case of a patient who showed clinical and radiological signs of massive polyethylene wear 3 years after total hip replacement. Arthroscopy was performed to assess the loosening of the acetabular cup. The procedure showed the polyethylene element to be broken into three pieces in the area corresponding ...
Lee J - - 1999
To elucidate the radiological features of spondylolysis of the three upper lumbar vertebrae, review of radiology reports during an 8-year period was performed. Among 17 levels of defects in 14 patients, nine were unilateral. Among 25 defects, nine had an atypical course. In eight of nine atypical defects, the direction ...
Galera M F - - 1999
We report a female stillborn with typical clinical, radiological, and anatomopathological features of Blomstrand chondrodysplasia. The main findings in this lethal osteochondrodysplasia are osteosclerosis and advanced skeletal maturation. Autosomal recessive inheritance has been proposed because of parental consanguinity of affected siblings in all reported cases, including this one. Histopathological study ...
Rehring T F - - 1999
Polymorphous hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor; only 5 patients have been previously described. Half of all cases described have occurred in the thoracic cavity, all being discovered on chest radiologic studies obtained for other reasons. This report presents the case of a female patient with polymorphous hemangioendothelioma and a ...
Lim H H - - 1999
The first two cases of asbestosis in Malaysia are reported. Both had considerable occupational exposure to asbestos dust in the past, with a long latency period exceeding 30 years. One case presented with distinctive clinical and radiological features, while the other case was only confirmed by histological diagnosis. The usefulness ...
Agarwal I - - 1999
We report pyknodysostosis presenting as extramedullary haematopoiesis in one of two siblings and as obstructive airway disease in the other. Visceral manifestations are rare and have been reported in only two cases in the Indian literature. They have often been mistaken for osteopetrosis, haemolytic anaemia and other osteochondrodystrophies. The cases ...
Bijl M - - 1999
Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare disorder affecting primarily middle-aged men and women during the last trimester of pregnancy. The disease is characterized by pain in the involved joint with temporary osteopenia apparent on radiology without joint space narrowing or destruction, in the absence of other recognizable ...
Hamoir X L - - 1999
We report the case of a 48-year-old man who presented with an erosive, seronegative, HLA-B27-negative, peripheral polyarthritis, associated with hidradenitis suppurativa of axillae and buttocks. The pertinent literature is reviewed. This paper is the second devoted to this topic in a radiological journal and the first to document erosion of ...
Ibrahim S - - 1999
We report a case of a sixteen-month old boy with osteosarcoma of the left humerus. To the best of our knowledge this is the youngest case reported in Malaysia. This case illustrates that osteosarcoma although rare does occur in a very young child. The child died six weeks after presentation ...
Reyns N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Cavernomas occur very rarely in the ventricular system. We report three cases of intraventricular cavernomas and review the literature. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 16-year-old female patient presented with a sudden distal deficit of the left superior limb. She had a voluminous tumor involving the two lateral ventricles, with ...
Takamori S - - 1999
We present a case of 39-year-old woman with thymoma complaining of dysgeusia. This patient had suffered from dysgeusia for the previous 6 months. Thymectomy with the thymoma was performed, and her dysgeusia was improved within 6 months after the operation. The anti-acetylcholine-receptor antibody was reduced from 0.9 nmol/l to 0.4 ...
Barbalias G A - - 1999
We have evaluated 21 patients, ranging in age from 44 to 71 years (mean: 55 years), who presented to our department with the radiologic characteristics of retroperitoneal fibrosis. Ureterolysis was performed in all cases. Intraperitoneal placement of the ureter was performed in 9, and placement of the ureter in a ...
Collins J - - 1999
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of resident-prepared, independent learning cases in teaching residents chest radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three 2nd-year residents (one each from the University of Wisconsin, the Oregon Health Sciences University, and the University of Michigan) prepared four chest radiology ...
Partridge S - - 1999
Increasing numbers of patients receive infusional chemotherapy or total parenteral nutrition via Hickman or Grochong lines. Although the insertion of these indwelling catheters is generally performed under radiological guidance and their positions verified by chest radiography, it is still feasible for them to become displaced at a later date. This ...
Vaquero Martin J - - 1999
Osteochondritis of tarsal cuneiforms is a rare entity, barely reported in the medical literature. To the nine cases previously reported, we add our series with four cases of bilateral lesion of the medial cuneiform. Medial cuneiform osteochondritis may be the cause of foot pain and limping in children ages 4 ...
Yeatman J M - - 1998
A patient with extensive bilateral auricular ossification presented with chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis on one side. The condition was otherwise asymptomatic. Ossification was detected on radiological and histological examination. Underlying medical conditions were not found. We believe this developed as a consequence of cold injury. Auricular ossification is an unusual cause ...
Angyal M - - 1998
This report documents three recent cases in Hungary in which personal identification was achieved by comparison of antemortem and postmortem radiographs. These cases demonstrate three examples of radiological identification. In Hungary, comparison methods play an important role in personal identification because of the lack of adequate dental records for most ...
Parra-Davila E - - 1998
Mesenteric panniculitis is an extremely rare inflammatory condition of the adipose tissue of unknown etiology in which the mesentery is replaced with fibrosis. Knowledge of this rare syndrome should prevent any unwarranted aggressive therapy and help to use the clinical, radiological, and surgical sources to obtain the diagnosis. This paper ...
Lazareff J A - - 1998
Acquired Chiari 1 following ventriculoperitoneal shunting is an extremely unusual event. We report the case of an 8-year-old boy who presented with clinical and radiological signs of cerebellar tonsil herniation shortly after the placement of a cystoperitoneal shunt. Quantitative analysis of posterior fossa volumes (PFV) revealed that the patient had ...
Nishimura G - - 1998
We report the radiological and histological findings of another case of platyspondylic lethal chondrodysplasia. The patient was a girl, who died of respiratory failure at 18 days of age. The radiological changes comprised moderate platyspondyly with ovoid-shaped vertebral bodies, broad and short ilia, rhizomelic shortening and mild bowing of the ...
Thornton M J - - 1998
Calcific tendinitis of the gluteus maximus tendon is unusual and only eight cases associated with erosions of cortical bone have been reported. We present three further cases which demonstrate variation in appearances of the amorphous calcification in the tendon and cortical erosions on plain radiographs. Isotope bone scans show focal ...
Adams W M - - 1998
Pneumosinus dilatans is an abnormal dilatation of the paranasal sinuses, which contains only air and is lined by normal mucosa. It is a rare condition, the aetiology of which is unclear. We describe four patients who presented to our department with pneumosinus dilatans. The aetiology was either developmental hydrocephalus (n ...
Yagci F - - 1998
We report 4 patients with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (diagnosed and treated between 1992 and 1996), aged 16 to 55 years (mean age 37 years). All had urolithiasis, pyonephrosis and nonfunctioning kidneys prior to surgical intervention, and underwent total nephrectomy. Clinical, laboratory and radiologic findings are discussed in the light of the ...
Karak P K - - 1998
Omental Infarction, the end result of impaired perfusion to the greater omentum, is a rare entity (JBCM Puylaert, Radiology 1992;185:169-172). We recently encountered three patients in whom computed tomography (CT) showed the characteristic findings of omental infarction. The diagnosis was subsequently confirmed intraoperatively and pathologically in two of the cases. ...
McKechnie S - - 1998
A rare case of a durally-based cavernous haemangioma over the occipital convexity is presented. The lesion had been preoperatively diagnosed as a meningioma. The clinical, radiological and pathological features of the case are described, along with a review of the relevant literature.
Saab M - - 1997
It is well recognized by accident and emergency clinicians and the defence societies that radiological abnormalities are frequently missed by the clinician who first looks at the X-rays. These errors may be compounded if the X-rays are not reported by a radiologist. The X-rays may be reported but the report ...
d'Addessi A - - 1997
A very rare case of perirenal myelolipoma and the problems of differential diagnosis are reported. The non-specificity of, and sometimes even the lack of, radiological and haematological data prevents physicians from preoperatively excluding a malignant neoplasm with a certain degree of confidence. Surgical exploration remains a compulsory step in myelolipoma ...
Anglen J - - 1997
It is a common practice in many hospitals to have all skeletal radiographs read by a second physician, usually a radiologist, as well as by the treating physician. A two-part study was performed in order to examine the cost and clinical benefit of this practice for plain films ordered by ...
Martins J L - - 1997
The PSARP is today the most-used surgical technique for correction of high and intermediary anorectal malformations. There is much controversy in the literature about the post-operative evaluation of these cases. We studied 27 cases of anorectal malformations from clinical and radiological aspects, in order to analyse: 1. Fecal continence 2. ...
Sener R N - - 1997
Hemimegalencephaly or unilateral megalencephaly is a rare malformation characterized by overdevelopment of all or part of one cerebral hemisphere. Although previous pathological studies noted an associated overdevelopment of the ipsilateral cerebellar hemisphere in a few cases, to the best of the author's knowledge, such an association has not yet been ...
Tahseen K - - 1997
We are reporting on 16 children, in 6 unrelated sibships, born to healthy, consanguineous parents of Bedouin ancestry. Eleven of them were assessed clinically. All presented with marked growth retardation, craniofacial anomalies, small hands and feet, hypocalcemia, hypoparathyroidism, radiological evidence of cortical thickening of long bones with medullary stenosis, and ...
Hashmey R - - 1997
Intestinal parasitism is extremely common, with approximately 70% of all people harboring one or more intestinal parasite. Parasitism and diarrhea are both hyperendemic in areas where sanitation is suboptimal. Many clinicians assume that the identification of intestinal parasites in patients with diarrhea implies that the parasites are the cause. This ...
Willis F R - - 1997
A report of three cases of craniosynostosis in X-linked hypophosphataemic rickets (XLH) is presented. The literature is reviewed, suggesting that craniosynostosis is relatively common in XLH and that boys may be more at risk than girls. It is recommended that radiological screening be offered to all patients with XLH.
Okamoto K - - 1997
The radiological appearances of two cases of solitary plasmacytoma in the occipital bone are described. One arose in the lateral part and the other in the squama. They showed characteristic radiological features on CT, MRI and angiography. Bone scintigraphy and gallium scintigraphy were also available. Solitary plasmacytoma of the skull ...
Harford R R - - 1996
Trichostasis spinulosa is a disorder of the pilosebaceous follicles that may simulate acne open comedones. It is a commonly reported cosmetic annoyance in adults but not children. A review of the literature and a case of trichostasis spinulosa in a 13-year-old black girl with a history of onset at 18 ...
Koren A T - - 1996
A case report of complete testicular feminization is presented. The medical and radiological characteristics of this condition which distinguish it from male cryptorchidism and other disorders of sexual differentiation are discussed. To our knowledge, only three previous case reports have been published in the radiology literature. Our report is the ...
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