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Orlando R - - 2008
Lamivudine can select resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) tyrosine-methionine-aspartate-aspartate aminoacid motif (YMDD) mutants, which usually disappear in few months after lamivudine withdrawal. We report an unusual case of a male adult patient who showed a prolonged persistence of the M204I mutation up to 24 months after lamivudine withdrawal followed by ...
Gupta Ruchika - - 2008
Myxopapillary ependymoma rarely presents as a primary intra-sacral lesion and extensive bony destruction is unusual. Radiological features do not help in distinction from other commoner sacral tumors, like chordoma. Hence, histopathology serves as the best diagnostic modality for this differentiation. We report the case of a 42-year-old man with a ...
Crawford Nigel W - - 2007
Foreign-body aspiration remains a leading cause of mortality in children under 3 years despite child-safety initiatives. This case report describes a classic history of peanut aspiration in a young child. Unfortunately, the diagnosis was delayed and only detected the next day through radiology review. The clinical history is paramount and ...
Williams Marc - - 2007
Subarachnoid haemorrhage is an important condition with a high mortality, so prompt diagnosis is essential. This article will review the investigation of subarachnoid haemorrhage with a radiological bias. Appropriate clinical correlation will be included and it will look at some of the more interesting areas in the investigation of this ...
Marwede Dirk - - 2008
To validate a preliminary version of a radiological lexicon (RadLex) against terms found in thoracic CT reports and to index report content in RadLex term categories. Terms from a random sample of 200 thoracic CT reports were extracted using a text processor and matched against RadLex. Report content was manually ...
Ingelbrecht S N SN AMPHIA Ziekenhuis-locatie Molengracht, Postbus 90158, 4800 RK Breda, Nederland. - - 2007
We describe a case of respiratory failure due to an acute tension gastrothorax in an elderly patient, secondary to an episode of vomiting. Initially the scout view was interpreted as a tension pneumothorax. Eventually the computed tomography (CT) of the thorax revealed a transdiaphragmatical herniation of the stomach and other ...
Kesserwan Chimen - - 2007
We report a case of juvenile xanthogranuloma limited to involvement of the bone marrow in a 6-week-old male infant. Evaluation of the bone marrow was a part of the workup for peripheral blood cytopenia. Examination showed hypercellular marrow with paratrabecular clusters of lipidized histiocytes positive for CD68, CD4, and factor ...
Espeland Ansgar - - 2007
To identify and describe general practitioners' (GPs') views on radiology reports, using plain radiography for back pain as the case. Qualitative study with three focus-group interviews analysed using Giorgi's method as modified by Malterud. Southern Norway. Five female and eight male GPs aged 32-57 years who had practised for 3-15 ...
Zhang J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: There are some different radiographic appearances of odontogenic myxoma that have not been reported in the published literature. The purpose of this article is to offer rare views of odontogenic myxomas and analyse the characteristics of the radiographic appearances. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the radiographic appearances of 41 ...
Enomoto K - - 2007
Castleman's disease (CD) appears at ubiquitous lymph nodes. To date, detection of the lesion focus for CD has mainly been carried out by physical examination and radiological findings, such as X-ray analysis, CT and MRI. 18F-FDG PET visualizes the active focus of glucose metabolism and the clinical value has been ...
Rühli Frank J - - 2007
The authors present the oldest historical case of a so-called beaten-copper cranium. The typical pattern was identified on a skull from a child, probably a boy, who died at approximately 6 years of age and was buried in a provisional cemetery used during the siege of Hanau, Germany, in 1635 ...
Janati Javad - - 2007
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is a rare and disabling syndrome, which is characterized by heterotopic ossifications and skeletal deformities. So far, around 200 patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva have been reported in the world literature. Herein, we analyze the clinical records of 7 known cases of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva from Iran ...
Siddiqi Aheed J - - 2007
We describe an extremely rare case of an ileocolic intussusception with an appendiceal mucocele as the lead-point and cause of acute right lower quadrant pain in an adult patient. There are only few reported cases of this entity in the radiologic literature. We describe the multislice (computed tomography) CT features ...
Balleyguier Corinne - - 2007
Some radiological cases are presented in this article to train the reader to the BIRADS classification in mammography. Each case is described according to the fourth American version of the BIRADS lexicon. Some classifications difficulties will also be presented, in order to show the complexity and the observer variability, commonly ...
Balleyguier Corinne - - 2007
The Breast Imaging Report and Data System (BIRADS) of the American College of Radiology (ACR) is today largely used in most of the countries where breast cancer screening is implemented. It is a tool defined to reduce variability between radiologists when creating the reports in mammography, ultrasonography or MRI. Some ...
Serdaro─člu Münevver - - 2007
Osteopoikilosis (OPK) is a benign osteosclerotic dysplasia of unknown origin, which is an inherited autosomal disorder. Males and females are equally affected. It is usually asymptomatic and may only be recognized on radiological examination. In this study we report a 33-year-old woman with fibromyalgia who suffers from back and leg ...
Terry Michael J - - 2006
Craniofacial microsomia is a congenital malformation complex associated with a wide array of craniofacial and extracraniofacial anomalies. Frontal plagiocephaly has been shown to occur in approximately 5% to 12% of patients with craniofacial microsomia. The etiology of craniofacial microsomia-associated frontal plagiocephaly is unclear; of the cases described in the literature, ...
Akgun Metin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sandblasting of jeans in small Turkish workshops has recently been recognized as a cause of silicosis. CASE SERIES: Between August 2004 and March 2006, we admitted 16 young men with a history of working in small workplaces producing sandblasted jeans. Of these, 14 presented with respiratory symptoms and the ...
Godet C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Legionella pneumonia is usually classified as "atypical pneumonia", which suggests a predominance of interstitial patterns in chest X-rays. Based on a selection of recent clinical cases and a brief review of the literature, the aim of the study is to clarify, how far the actual radiological findings would be ...
Stunell H - - 2006
Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis is a common disease in Southeast Asia, where an association with the liver fluke Clonorchis sinensis is postulated. It is characterised by repeated attacks of cholangitis with multiple recurrences of bile duct stones and strictures. We present a case of recurrent pyogenic cholangitis due to chronic infestation ...
Chuah Seng-Kee SK Division of Hepatogastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, ROC 833, Taiwan, - - 2006
Pseudoachalasia is a difficult condition for the clinician to differentiate from idiopathic achalasia even by manometry, radiological studies or endoscopy. Its etiology is usually associated with tumors. In most cases, the diagnosis is made after surgical explorations. The proposed pathogenesis of the disease is considered as mechanical obstruction of the ...
Haber Barbara A - - 2006
We present a case report of a boy with biliary atresia who, after hepatoportoenterostomy performed on day 21 of life, had immediate resolution of cholestasis and remained anicteric until 3.5 months of age. He then abruptly developed acholic stools. Nuclear medicine imaging study showed no excretion. Broad-spectrum antibiotics and corticosteroids ...
Wong C - - 2006
This case report is interesting in radiologically showing migration of stones from the gallbladder via the biliary tree and into the gastrointestinal tract.
Toms A P - - 2006
The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of a software application that would allow the anonymization and cataloguing of whole DICOM datasets in order to build searchable radiology museums within PACS. The application was developed on a dedicated networked PC, using C# and HL7 coding. Whole DICOM ...
Sasaki Masayuki - - 2006
3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria (3HiB-uria) is a very rare organic aciduria that involves valine metabolism. We report the case of a 7-year-old boy with 3HiB-uria who has suffered more than 20 ketoacidotic episodes since the age of 15 months. In the most recent ketoacidotic episode, which was particularly severe, he developed mild ...
Quesada-Gómez Carmen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and radiological characteristics of patients with Stafne bone cavity. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study of 11 cases of Stafne bone cavity. After finding an imagine compatible with Stafne bone cavity in the Orthopantomograph(r) of 11 patients, a sialography of the mandibular gland was made ...
Oueslati Seddik - - 2006
Elastofibromas are slow growing fibroblastic proliferations, which occur mainly in elderly women. They are typically located in the right subscapular region and are usually asymptomatic. The characteristic findings in ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging usually allow to make the diagnosis. We report six cases of elastofibroma dorsi, the ...
Cohan R H - - 2006
The authors present 14 cases from the film interpretation session of the 11th annual meeting of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology presented in September, 2004. The cases demonstrate the imaging findings, differential diagnoses, and clinical relevance of a wide variety of genitourinary tract diseases. The cases include examples of ...
Cohen Mervyn D - - 2006
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The study aim is to evaluate the quality of radiology requisitions for plain film radiographs on intensive care unit (ICU) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiology requisitions for 58 patients in ICU units at our children's hospital and the corresponding original orders for the study, written in patients' ...
Danchaivijitr Nasuda - - 2006
We report a case of a 7-month-old male with primary intracranial haemorrhage 2 months after infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV). His initial clinical course was complicated by seizures and right hemiparesis; when last seen at 22 months the only positive finding was of left hand preference. Although the literature ...
Romano Stefania - - 2006
Mermaid or sirens have been part of the cultural tradition of the sailors during the first expeditions in the western world. The Siren's Myth appeared for a first time with Homer, who described in the Odyssey some singing creatures that lured the enchanted sailors to death. More frequently described with ...
Puri Aniket - - 2006
Late angiographic stent thrombosis after Cyphertrade mark stent implantation has been reported to occur till approximately one year after the procedure and usually soon after the discontinuation of all antiplatelet medication.We report a case of very late stent thrombosis occurring 27 months (790 days) after stent implantation and 13 months ...
Bansal A - - 2006
Benign multicystic mesothelioma is a well recognised but rare entity. The aim of this report is to describe a case of a small mesothelial proliferation of the peritoneum. A 58 year old postmenopausal woman presented with left sided abdominal pain and altered bowel habit. Radiological investigations (barium enema and computed ...
Attila T T Saint Michael's Hospital, Toronto, - - 2006
Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis is a rare condition of unknown etiology originally described in 1960. It is characterized by multiple, flask-shaped outpouchings of pinhead size in the wall of the esophagus. Very small outpouchings on endoscopy and tiny collections of barium outside of the esophagus wall on esophagography are typical diagnostic ...
Ganeshan A - - 2005
We report the first case of a plexiform neurofibroma of the oesophagus, presenting with dysphagia in a 67-year-old man known to suffer from von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis. The clinical symptoms and radiological findings mimicked malignancy, and raised considerable concern. Numerous investigations failed to elucidate the benign nature of the condition. The ...
Hsiao Ji-Chang - - 2005
A rhinolith is a stone that forms in the nose. It occurs as a result of the solidification of mucus and nasal debris by mineral salts, calcium, magnesium phosphate and carbonate. It can be seen on radiographs as a radiopaque object in the nasal fossa and may be confused with ...
McCluggage W G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA) is a vulvovaginal mesenchymal neoplasm with a marked tendency to local recurrence but which usually does not metastasise. Most cases exhibit positive immunohistochemical staining with oestrogen receptor (ER) and, or, progesterone receptor (PR). CASE: We report a case of AA which exhibited positive immunohistochemical staining with ...
Ho M W - - 2006
Descending necrotising mediastinitis is a rare complication of odontogenic infection. The key to diagnosis is to maintain a high index of suspicion when antibiotics and adequate surgical drainage do not lead to resolution of symptoms. Open thoracic operation to drain mediastinal collections is potentially lethal and interventional radiological techniques are ...
Wong S H - - 2005
We describe a patient with serologically proven Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE), whose presentation was clinically and radiologically characteristic of Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). The reports of MRI abnormalities in MVE, and the closely related Japanese Encephalitis and West Nile virusii are mostly of bilateral thalamic or grey matter involvement. The ...
Thines Laurent - - 2006
The distal dural ring plane (DDRP) separates the intradural from the extradural paraclinoid internal carotid artery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its position with MR imaging. The protocol used a T2-weighted sequence in two orthogonal planes: diaphragmatic (DIA-P) and carotid (CAR-P). The DDRP passes through four anatomoradiological ...
Butteriss D - - 2005
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA-6) is a rare, autosomal dominant neurodegenerative condition characterized by adult onset cerebellar ataxia and ocular movement disorders. The presentation is non-specific, and radiological characterization would be of diagnostic benefit. There is little published on the radiological appearances of SCA-6, and there are conflicting reports in ...
Halsted Mark J - - 2005
PURPOSE: The authors describe the development of an interactive digital teaching module designed to help prepare residents to diagnose emergency pediatric radiology cases. METHODS: Cases were identified using the authors' own dictation search software. Cases were selected that depicted common conditions that had been misdiagnosed by the radiology resident who ...
de Oliveira Sílvia Falcão - - 2006
The authors evaluate the consequences of incomplete necroscopic examinations wherein it was impossible to apply radiological resources to locate firearm projectiles. The study includes 8185 reports from the Instituto Médico-Legal Afrânio Peixoto in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, representing the totality of corpses processed from January to December 2001; of these, ...
Landolsi Hanène - - 2006
We describe three cases of osteomalacia presenting in Tunisian women, all of whom had previously-undiagnosed coeliac disease (CD). Direct enquiry revealed an important weight loss and a history of diarrhoea in two patients, and a 15-year history of anaemia in one patient. Laboratory tests showed severe anaemia in the three ...
Gosens T - - 2005
We used a proximally hydroxyapatite-coated femoral stem in revision arthroplasty of 48 cases with aseptic loosening and Paprosky defect class 1 or 2. We reviewed the outcome after 6.1 (4--9.3) years. The clinical outcome was good, with a mean postoperative HHS of 90 (51--100) points. There were five reoperations all ...
Casson Robert J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a case of lash ptosis caused by latanoprost. DESIGN: Observational case report. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: A 61-year-old, ocular hypertensive man who was using latanoprost OU presented with trichomegaly and bilateral lash ptosis. The lash ptosis had not resolved 6 months after stopping latanoprost, and anterior ...
Aribandi M - - 2005
This report describes MRI findings of a rare case of biopsy-proven fatal cerebral infection with Chaetomium strumarium in a 28-year-old man with a history of i.v. drug abuse. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed rapidly progressing lesions with irregular peripheral enhancement, possible central haemorrhage and significant mass effect. Only six cases of ...
White B - - 2005
Sclerosing mesenteritis is a rare benign process involving mesenteric fat that has non-specific histology and imaging characteristics, which are critical to the diagnosis. It has two different pathological variants: mesenteric panniculitis (acute or subacute) and retractile mesenteritis (chronic). This case study illustrates the radiological findings of sclerosing mesenteritis, describes certain ...
Vaughan Kevin G - - 2005
Inflammatory pseudotumor (IP) is an unusual cause of chronic abdominal pain in children. The management of these lesions is complicated by controversies surrounding their appropriate classification and the numerous alternate names with which they are described. Successful treatment requires careful radiologic and pathologic evaluation to distinguish IPs from other lesions, ...
Obenauer S - - 2005
The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) of the American College of Radiology (ACR) is a tool created to reduce variability in the terminology used in mammographic reports. An illustration of mammographic examples from our institution interpreted according to the BI-RADS lexicon of the American College of Radiology (ACR) ...
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