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Redmayne Mary M a Centre for Research Excellence on Health Effects of Electromagnetic Energy, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine , Monash University , Melbourne , - - 2014
Myelin provides the electrical insulation for the central and peripheral nervous system and develops rapidly in the first years of life, but continues into mid-life or later. Myelin integrity is vital to healthy nervous system development and functioning. This review outlines the development of myelin through life, and then considers ...
Scully Crispian C UCL - Eastman Dental Institute, London, - - 2014
Halitosis can be caused by oral disease or by respiratory tract conditions such as sinusitis, tonsillitis, and bronchiectasis, but an estimated 40% of affected individuals have no underlying organic disease. We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments in ...
Płaszewski Maciej M Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, University School of Physical Education, Warsaw, ul. Akademicka 2, Biała Podlaska, - - 2014
Non-surgical interventions for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis remain highly controversial. Despite the publication of numerous reviews no explicit methodological evaluation of papers labeled as, or having a layout of, a systematic review, addressing this subject matter, is available. Analysis and comparison of the content, methodology, and evidence-base from systematic reviews ...
Ellis B Craig - - 2014
We present a case report of a Special Operations Soldier who developed anaphylaxis as a consequence of a bee sting, resulting in compromise of the operation. We review the current literature as it relates to the pathophysiology of the disease process, its diagnosis, and its management. An evidence-based field treatment ...
Gunn Andrew J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. There is considerable interest in improving radiology reporting practices through peer review, and the inclusion of structured feedback from referring physicians may improve this process. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the feasibility of this type of novel peer-review system. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Five referring physicians from ...
Winters Michael E - - 2013
Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are one of the most prescribed medications worldwide. Angioedema is a well-recognized adverse effect of this class of medications, with a reported incidence of ACEI angioedema of up to 1.0%. Of importance to note, ACEI angioedema is a class effect and is not dose dependent. The primary ...
Borgman Christopher J CJ Associated Ophthalmologists, PC, Des Moines, IA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Some reports have outlined many different treatment strategies for superior oblique myokymia (SOM) that attempt to reduce or eliminate patients' symptoms of monocular oscillopsia and/or diplopia. Most treatment strategies have focused solely on oral medications or invasive surgery. The following is a current and critical review of SOM along with ...
John John Baby JB Department of Pedodontics, K.S.R. Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tiruchengode, Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu, - - 2013
This is a case report of diagnosis and management of masochistic habits, a special type of mechanical trauma to the gingival tissue known as self-inflicted lesions, also termed as gingivitis artefacta. Self-inflicted injuries can be premeditated, accidental, or can also result from an uncommon habit. The purpose of this article ...
Morris Joanne H - - 2013
Physiotherapists should be proactive in preparing themselves to participate in innovative models of health care, which are emerging from the healthcare workforce reforms in Australia. One challenging outcome of workforce change is physiotherapy (non-medical) prescribing (NMP), which is part of the extension of scope of physiotherapy practice. This paper summarises ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Govert Bidloo was a Dutch anatomist and royal physician who lived during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Most remembered for his anatomy text and feud with contemporary William Cowper, Bidloo's surgical text appears to describe the first case of what is now known as a lipomyelomeningocele. METHODS: The authors ...
Liu Z W - - 2013
Objective: This paper reports a series of patients with sporadic pinna perichondritis who presented to a district general hospital over a period of 10 years. The data examined included the causative organism, risk factors and pattern of antibiotic use. Method: A retrospective analysis of diagnosed cases of pinna perichondritis from ...
Fisher Joanne - - 2013
In the first of this two part article, the methods of the literature review looking at immigrant women's perceptions of their maternity were outlined along with the first two themes identified, including communication and impediments to access of maternity care. In this concluding part, the remaining three themes of the ...
Cline Curtis R - - 2013
Military working dogs are often trained and/or work in locations where the potential for snake bites is increased. Knowledge of the local venomous snakes, the effects of their venom, and appropriate initial stabilization is essential for the US Army Veterinary Corps officer (VCO). As military practitioners, VCOs are uniquely situated ...
Viscomi Marco - - 2013
Introduction: Both Canada and Australia are facing severe shortages of primary health workers, and these shortages are exacerbated in rural and remote communities. This literature review highlights similarities and explores the factors that serve to attract and retain family practitioners in underserved regions of Canada and Australia. Methods: We used ...
Baethge Christopher - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Peer review is the mainstay of editorial decision making for medical journals. There is a dearth of evaluations of journal peer review with regard to reliability and validity, particularly in the light of the wide variety of medical journals. Studies carried out so far indicate low agreement among reviewers. ...
Kvifte Gunnar Mikalsen GM Department of Natural History, University Museum of Bergen, P.O. Box 7800, University of Bergen, N-5020 Bergen, Norway Department of Limnology, Institute of Biology, University of Kassel. Heinrich-Plett Str. 40, 34132 Kassel-Oberzwehren, Germany; Email: - - 2013
Berdeniella keroveci sp. nov. is described based on males collected in Croatia. Current knowledge of the psychodid fauna of Croatia is reviewed and new records of 16 species are presented. Short taxonomic notes on Pericoma pseudocalcilega Krek, 1972, Pneumia balkanica (Krek, 1990), Pneumia mutua (Eaton, 1893), Clogmia albipunctata (Williston, 1893) ...
Ellimoottil Chandy - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Patient demand for easily accessible information about physician quality has led to the development of physician review websites (PRWs). These sites concern some physicians, who argue that ratings can be misleading. In this study, we describe the landscape of online reviews of urologists by looking at a sample of ...
Tawfic Qutaiba Amir - - 2012
Enteral feeding is now standard and routine practice in intensive care. The use of a nasogastric tube for enteral feeding is generally considered to be safe, but tubes with small bores can sometimes lead to aspiration or passage clogging when malpositioned in sedated patients who are on long-term mechanical ventilation. ...
Beggs Andrew D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Bedside ultrasound is increasingly commonly used by surgeons in their everyday practice. Little is known on the practical implications of bedside ultrasound, its efficacy and safety. OBJECTIVES: To carry out a review of the literature on bedside ultrasound as performed by surgeons METHODS: Searching was carried out through Ovid ...
Oehler Erwan - - 2012
Intraosseous pneumatocysts are benign gaseous bone lesions, generally asymptomatic and incidentally discovered on X-ray. These characteristics explain why these lesions are unknown to most practitioners and their low representation in medical literature. The description of an incidentally discovered iliac pneumatocyst gives us the opportunity to provide a review of available ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2012
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD and monthly online. The January 2012 issue (1st DVD for 2012) contains 4929 complete reviews, 2098 protocols for reviews in production, and 16773 short summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there ...
Kishore Kumar R V RV Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Chintareddypalem, Nellore, 524003 Andhra Pradesh - - 2012
To evaluate the sinuses in the cervicofacial region and to identify the focus of infection. It is also to help the clinician in differentiating the sinuses' of odontogenic and nonodontogenic focus of infection. The study has been conducted in 200 patients, aged between 11 and 77 years for a period of ...
Zaina F - - 2012
In order to present to our readers the best available evidence in the field of Rehabilitation, we continuously perform systematic reviews of the articles regularly published in the Cochrane Library, being these considered the most reliable instruments of synthesis, reliable because based on a strict methodology. Moreover, according to the ...
Wiffen Philip J - - 2012
ABSTRACT The Cochrane Library of Systematic Reviews is published quarterly as a DVD but monthly online. The October 2011 issue (4th DVD for 2011) contains 4791 complete reviews, 2067 protocols for reviews in production, and 15,950 short summaries of systematic reviews published in the general medical literature. In addition, there ...
Shahravan Arash - - 2012
Premixed non-setting calcium hydroxide (CaOH(2)) paste in pressure syringe system is commonly used in root canal therapy. The aim of this paper is to present a case involving an iatrogenic extrusion of the medicament during endodontic treatment and a literature review of similar reports. The present case demonstrates severe tissue ...
Borchert Matthias - - 2012
Obstetric near-miss case reviews are being promoted as a quality assurance intervention suitable for hospitals in low income countries. We introduced such reviews in five district, regional and national hospitals in Benin, West Africa. In a cross-sectional study we analysed the extent to which the hospital audit teams were able ...
Vuong Shawn M - - 2011
The occurrence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is well documented, but the pathology is usually associated with post surgical infections or long-term peritoneal dialysis. We report the case of a 50-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a one week history of left lower quadrant abdominal pain, poor appetite and nausea ...
Pandian Datta G DG Department of Ophthalmology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India. - - 2011
Preseptal cellulitis is the commonest orbital disease which frequently needs to be differentiated from orbital cellulitis. Prompt diagnosis and treatment with appropriate antibiotics can prevent vision loss and life-threatening complications of orbital cellulitis. To describe the clinical profile of cases with preseptal and orbital cellulitis admitted to a tertiary care ...
Wong Leonie C - - 2011
: To report the cases of two children who died from diffuse cerebral edema after cardiorespiratory arrest and who had radiologic findings of subarachnoid hemorrhage on computed tomography, the presence of which was excluded on subsequent postmortem examination. : Case notes, clinical records, and postmortem reports of two children who ...
Lambo Jonathan A - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the case ascertainment and completeness of neonatal tetanus (NT) reporting and to estimate the incidence of NT in Dadu District, Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted active surveillance and hospital record reviews for suspected NT cases. We compared the cases of NT reported ...
Papadimitriou Georgios - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: This is a report of two male patients (35 and 54 years old, respectively) admitted to our surgical department with signs of small-bowel obstruction. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Diagnostic workup with plain abdominal radiographs and, more specifically, computed tomography suggested the possibility of bowel rotation. In order to exclude any possibility of ...
Yang Shih-Hung - - 2011
Hydrocephalus presenting with movement disorder is very rare, especially in children. We present the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented with bilateral intention tremor and slowed speech as a result of obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to a tectal glioma. Treatment with endoscopic third ventriculostomy improved his symptoms. We review the ...
Lecoindre Patrick - - 2011
Chronic idiopathic large bowel diarrhea (CILBD) is a descriptive diagnosis reached by exclusion of the most common diseases associated with chronic large bowel diarrhea. The most important features of irritable bowel syndrome in people are reviewed. The authors report 19 new cases of CILBD that they compare with 37 cases ...
Balamoun Hany - - 2011
The occurrence of intussusception in adults is rare, accounting for less than 5% of all cases of intussusceptions and almost 1%-5% of bowel obstruction. The condition is found in less than 1 in 1300 abdominal operations and 1 in 100 patients operated for intestinal obstruction. The child to adult ratio ...
Wludarski Sheila Cristina Lordelo - - 2011
Perineuriomas are rare tumors composed of cells resembling those of the normal perineurium. It usually occurs in subcutaneous, soft-tissue or intraneural locations. Very few reports in the literature have described perineuriomas in the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach, colon and jejunum. We report the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of a ...
Singh Deepak Kumar - - 2011
A 43-year-old male presented with 3-month history of low-grade fever and headache. Radiological investigations revealed unilateral hydrocephalus. Unilateral obstruction of the foramen of Monro due to chronic tubercular ependymal inflammation was suspected and endoscopic septostomy was planned. Though ventriculo-peritoneal shunt is a simple method to treat hydrocephalus, complications related to ...
Vallicelli Carlo - - 2011
Emergency surgery of the small bowel represents a challenge for the surgeon, in the third millennium as well. There is a wide number of pathologies which involve the small bowel. The present review, by analyzing the recent and past literature, resumes the more commons. The aim of the present review ...
Mitroi Mihaela - - 2011
Laryngocele is an abnormal dilatation of Morgagni ventricle (saccule) in direct communication with the laryngeal lumen. Symptoms are not characteristic: hoarseness, dyspnea, foreign body sensation and cough. Sometimes it is presented as cervical swelling causing airway obstruction and need an emergency tracheotomy. In this paper, we report a case of ...
Falidas Evangelos - - 2011
Multiple diverticulosis of jejunum represents an uncommon pathology of the small bowel. The disease is usually asymptomatic and must be taken into consideration in cases of unexplained malabsorption, anemia, chronic abdominal pain or discomfort. Related complications such as diverticulitis, perforation, bleeding or intestinal obstruction appear in 10-30% of the patients ...
Kumar Pankaj - - 2011
This is the case report of a 14-year young female who was diagnosed with solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP) of proximal tibia and was treated by local involved field radiotherapy. We present the clinical, radiological and pathological findings of the case and review of the available treatment options and prognosis of ...
Lins Muriel - - 2011
Endotracheal intubation obviously may be life-saving, but it may also lead to complications, including those related to damage of the airways. Superficial damage of the trachea at the site of the endotracheal cuff may trigger the formation of an obstructive fibrinous tracheal pseudomembrane (OFTP). Shortly after extubation, this clot, consisting ...
Veldt Bart J - - 2011
Intramural hematoma of the small intestine is a complication of anticoagulant treatment with an estimated incidence of 1 case per 2500 anticoagulated patients per year. Patients may present with signs of small bowel obstruction or, in case of a ruptured hematoma, with upper gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage and hypovolemic shock. Case ...
Marcus Esther-Lee - - 2010
This paper describes a rare complication of enteral feeding, esophageal obstruction due to feeding formula bezoar, and reviews the published cases. An attempt to re-insert the nasogastric tube in a chronically ventilated 80-year-old female fed via a nasogastric tube with Jevity(®) failed. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed an 18 cm-long concretion of ...
Kiu A - - 2010
To assess compliance with regulation 7(8) of Ionizing Radiation Medical Exposure Regulations (IRMER) 2000 legislation amongst non-radiologists reporting radiographs in a large district general hospital. A prospective review of 100 consecutive radiography request cards from five different departments undertaking their specialty radiograph reporting were collected over 4 weeks. The requests ...
Masoodi I - - 2010
We describe the clinical scenario in an 80 year old female who presented with history of epigastric discomfort and postprandial fullness of three weeks duration without any alarming symptoms. On upper GI endoscopy she was found to have gastric polyp with a long stalk which was partially obstructing her pyloric ...
Panda S - - 2010
The diagnosis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) requires a high index of suspicion owing to the wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Amongst the different presentations, radiological evidence of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) often leads to diagnostic errors. Between March 2005 and December 2007, 233 patients with CVST were reviewed at ...
De Filippo M - - 2011
This study evaluated the appropriateness and accuracy of 500 radiology requests and their matched reports in order to identify recurring errors in both areas. A randomly chosen sample consisting of 167 computed tomography (CT), 166 ultrasonography (US) and 167 radiographic examinations were collected and analysed according to national referral guidelines ...
Appelboam R - - 2010
We report a case of severe sand aspiration in association with near-drowning, which led to respiratory failure secondary to the acute respiratory distress syndrome, necessitating mechanical ventilation, repeated therapeutic bronchoscopic lavage, and a stay in the intensive care unit that exceeded one month.
Donoghue John J Medicines in Mental Health Ltd, Liverpool, UK, and School of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, - - 2010
Abstract Purpose. The use of benzodiazepines remains a source of controversy. Some prescribers believe that they are beneficial and espouse their use; others regard their risk:benefit ratio as too adverse for any but occasional use. This review considers these viewpoints based on the appropriate literature. Survey. The recent English-language literature ...
Hart J L - - 2010
Speech recognition reporting was introduced in our institution to address the significant delay between report dictation and the appearance of a typed report on the Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS). We report our experience of a "total" implementation of a speech recognition reporting (SRR) system, which became the sole ...
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